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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#1
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404506/associations-of-24-hour-sleep-duration-and-ct-derived-measurements-of-muscle-and-bone-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#2
Elisa A Marques, Pedro Figueiredo, Vilmundur Gudnason, Thomas Lang, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of sleep on preservation of several physiological functions is well known, the relationship with the two interconnected tissues - muscle and bone is less understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association of 24-hour sleep duration with mid-thigh muscle composition and proximal femur volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD). METHODS: 2438 men and 3326 women aged 66 to 96years, residents in the Reykjavik area, were included in this cross-sectional study...
April 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399838/association-of-nutrition-club-membership-with-markers-of-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Sai Krupa Das, Taylor A Vail, Namibia Lebrón-Torres, Kara A Livingston, Susan B Roberts, Gail T Rogers, Cheryl H Gilhooly, Lorien E Urban, Edward Saltzman, Nicola M McKeown, Sara C Folta
BACKGROUND: Nutrition clubs (NC) operate in community settings and provide members with nutrition education and meal replacements for weight management. NC are owned and operated by distributors of Herbalife products. There are over 6200 NC in the US, but there has been no independent assessment of the association of these NC with biomarkers of health. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study to compare the health status of 100 NC members to 100 community-matched controls (CC) in the greater Boston area...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390852/cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-canary-islands-ccecan-study
#4
Juan Marco Figueira Gonc Alves, Rafael Dorta Sánchez, María Del Cristo Rodri Guez Pérez, Pedro Viña Manrique, David Díaz Pérez, Cristina Guzmán Saenz, Juan Manuel Palmero Tejera, Alicia Pérez Rodríguez, Lorenzo Pérez Negrín
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity in a Canary Islands population diagnosed with COPD, and compared it with data from the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 300 patients with COPD and 524 subjects without respiratory disease (control group)...
April 5, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375663/respiratory-health-benefits-and-risks-of-living-at-moderate-altitude
#5
Colin K Grissom, Barbara E Jones
Grissom, Colin K., Barbara E. Jones. Respiratory health benefits and risks of living at moderate altitude. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-The respiratory system plays a critical role in the series of physiologic responses that occur at high altitude and allows individuals to adapt to and tolerate hypobaric hypoxia. Persons with underlying lung disease may have complications, but sometimes derive benefits, related to residence at high altitude. This review will focus on health benefits and risks of patients with underlying asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary hypertension, or obstructive sleep apnea, who live at altitudes of 1500 to 4500 m...
April 4, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369654/sleep-disturbance-and-short-sleep-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-perceived-medical-errors-in-first-year-residents
#6
David A Kalmbach, J Todd Arnedt, Peter X Song, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen
Study Objectives: While short and poor quality sleep among training physicians has long been recognized as problematic, the longitudinal relationships among sleep, work hours, mood, and work performance are not well understood. Here, we prospectively characterize the risk of depression and medical errors based on preinternship sleep disturbance, internship-related sleep duration, and duty hours. Methods: Survey data from 1215 nondepressed interns were collected at preinternship baseline, then 3 and 6 months into internship...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369147/the-associations-between-internet-use-time-and-school-performance-among-korean-adolescents-differ-according-to-the-purpose-of-internet-use
#7
So Young Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Although overuse of the internet has been suggested to be related to poor academic performance, the effects of internet use for education on academic performance showed conflict results in previous studies. Accordingly, the associations of school performance with internet use for study and for general purpose were explored in a large population of Korean adolescents. Cross-sectional data from the 2013 Korean Youth Risk Behaviour Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) were retrieved for 59,105 12- to 18-year-old adolescents...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364427/tourette-syndrome-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-subsequent-sleep-disorders-in-children-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#8
Wang-Tso Lee, Hui-Ling Huang, Lee Chin Wong, Wen-Chin Weng, Tamara Vasylenko, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Wei-Sheng Lin, Shinn-Ying Ho
Study objectives: Tourette syndrome (TS) is associated with a variety of neuropsychiatric comorbidities. However, the relationship between TS and sleep disorders in children is less investigated. This nationwide population-based case-control study aimed to determine the correlation of TS and sleep disorders in children. Methods: Patients aged less than 18 years with newly diagnosed TS from 2001 to 2007 were collected (n = 1124) using data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database and were compared with a comparison cohort (n = 3372)...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358845/the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-physical-performance-in-chinese-community-dwelling-elderly
#9
Liyuan Fu, Liye Jia, Wen Zhang, Peipei Han, Li Kang, Yixuan Ma, Hairui Yu, Tianqi Zhai, Xiaoyu Chen, Qi Guo
BACKGROUND: Physical performance is an important healthy factor in elder people. Good living habits, which include sleep, can maintain physical strength and physical performance. The aim of the present study was to conduct a cross-sectional study to determine the association between total sleep duration and physical performance. METHODS: Our study population comprised residents of the township central hospital in the suburban of Tianjin, China. We measured muscle strength, walk speed and balance function by grip, 4-m walk test and timed up and go test (TUGT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355752/-incidence-and-influencing-factors-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-emergent-central-sleep-apnea-in-the-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-at-high-altitude
#10
Z B Miao, Y Y Wang, R Sun, H L Lei, D J Huang, L H Huang, C Y Fan, Y H Lü
Objective: To investigate the incidence of treatment-emergent central sleep apnea (TE-CSA), the characteristics of demography and the influencing factors in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) after initial continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titration at high altitude. Methods: Clinical data of 297 patients with OSAS which living in plateau areas (1 000 meters or more above sea level) were retrospectively analyzed in this study from January to December, 2015. All of these patients taken an overnight CPAP titration in the Sleep Medicine Center of First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352289/prevention-of-krait-bites-by-sleeping-above-ground-preliminary-results-from-an-observational-pilot-study
#11
Chaturaka Rodrigo, Selvanayagam Kirushanthan, Ariaranee Gnanathasan
INTRODUCTION: Neurotoxic envenoming following the bites of kraits (Bungarus spp.) is a common cause of death in the dry zone of Sri Lanka and elsewhere in South Asia. Most of these bites occur at night and are inflicted on people sleeping on the ground. Thus we hypothesized that the simple measure of sleeping above ground would help to reduce the number of observed krait bites. METHODS: This study was conducted in two villages of the Kilinochchi district of Sri Lanka which had reported a high number of krait bites in the two years preceding the study...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349537/the-state-of-academic-sleep-surgery-a-survey-of-united-states-residency-and-fellowship-programs
#12
Christopher J Gouveia, Robert C Kern, Stanley Yung-Chuan Liu, Robson Capasso
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Our objectives were to describe otolaryngology residency programs' experience in and attitudes toward sleep surgery, and describe current otolaryngology sleep fellowships and their impact on future academic practice. STUDY DESIGN: E-mail survey. METHODS: A survey was e-mailed to program directors of 106 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited otolaryngology residencies assessing resident sleep medicine experience, program satisfaction, and impact of sleep faculty...
March 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338949/long-term-exposure-to-transportation-noise-and-air-pollution-in-relation-to-incident-diabetes-in-the-sapaldia-study
#13
Ikenna C Eze, Maria Foraster, Emmanuel Schaffner, Danielle Vienneau, Harris Héritier, Franziska Rudzik, Laurie Thiesse, Reto Pieren, Medea Imboden, Arnold von Eckardstein, Christian Schindler, Mark Brink, Christian Cajochen, Jean-Marc Wunderli, Martin Röösli, Nicole Probst-Hensch
Background: Epidemiological studies have inconsistently linked transportation noise and air pollution (AP) with diabetes risk. Most studies have considered single noise sources and/or AP, but none has investigated their mutually independent contributions to diabetes risk. Methods: We investigated 2631 participants of the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA), without diabetes in 2002 and without change of residence between 2002 and 2011...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329124/sleep-and-alertness-in-medical-interns-and-residents-an-observational-study-on-the-role-of-extended-shifts
#14
Mathias Basner, David F Dinges, Judy A Shea, Dylan S Small, Jingsan Zhu, Laurie Norton, Adrian J Ecker, Cristina Novak, Lisa M Bellini, Kevin G Volpp
Study Objectives: Fatigue from sleep loss is a risk to physician and patient safety, but objective data on physician sleep and alertness on different duty hour schedules is scarce. This study objectively quantified differences in sleep duration and alertness between medical interns working extended overnight shifts and residents not or rarely working extended overnight shifts. Methods: Sleep-wake activity of 137 interns and 87 PGY-2/3 residents on 2-week Internal Medicine and Oncology rotations was assessed with wrist-actigraphy...
February 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327274/physician-extenders-on-surgical-services-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#15
Jagdeep Johal, Andrew Dodd
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of resident duty hour restrictions and the resulting in-house trainee shortages, a long-term solution to ensure safe and efficient patient care is needed. One solution is the integration of nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) in a variety of health care settings. We sought to examine the use of NPs and PAs on surgical/trauma services and their effect on patient outcomes and resident workload. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of EMBASE, Medline, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
April 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320253/exploring-the-lived-experience-of-homelessness-from-an-occupational-perspective
#16
Miranda Jane Cunningham, Anita Slade
Working in homelessness is a growing area of practice for occupational therapists, however, there is limited literature on the lived experiences of homelessness and occupational engagement Study aim: To explore the lived experience of homeless men in relation to how they engaged in day-to-day occupations when sleeping rough or hostel dwelling Methods: Data were gathered from five men residing in a homeless hostel in the UK. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and photographic diaries. Data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Results: Participants described their experiences of occupational engagement whilst sleeping on the streets which included engaging in survival occupations, the significance of apparently ordinary occupations and moving beyond survival occupations...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300484/factors-associated-with-general-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-transition-among-women-from-serbia
#17
Jelena Dotlic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Sanja Radovanovic, Biljana Rancic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Tatjana Gazibara
This study assessed factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among Serbian peri- and postmenopausal women using two menopause-specific scales. This cross-sectional study included 500 women aged 40-65 years who had a gynecologic check-up in one of two Community Health Centers in Belgrade during February 2014 to January 2015. Women completed: a questionnaire about socio-demographics, habits, and health status; a menopause-specific questionnaire, Utian's Quality of Life Scale (UQOL); and a Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284911/association-of-sleep-quality-components-and-wake-time-with-metabolic-syndrome-the-qazvin-metabolic-diseases-study-qmds-iran
#18
Mohammadali Zohal, Azam Ghorbani, Neda Esmailzadehha, Amir Ziaee, Zahrasadat Mohammadi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the association of sleep quality and sleep quantity with metabolic syndrome in Qazvin, Iran. METHODS: this cross sectional study was conducted in 1079 residents of Qazvin selected by multistage cluster random sampling method in 2011. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the criteria proposed by the national cholesterol education program third Adult treatment panel. Sleep was assessed using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
March 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278155/combined-association-of-clinical-and-lifestyle-factors-with-non-restorative-sleep-the-nagahama-study
#19
Takeshi Matsumoto, Yasuharu Tabara, Kimihiko Murase, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Kazuya Setoh, Takahisa Kawaguchi, Shigeo Muro, Hiroshi Kadotani, Shinji Kosugi, Akihiro Sekine, Ryo Yamada, Takeo Nakayama, Michiaki Mishima, Fumihiko Matsuda, Kazuo Chin
BACKGROUND: Non-restorative sleep (NRS) was suggested to be associated with cardiovascular outcomes. However, causative factors for NRS have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to clarify factors and their relationships with NRS to better understand the clinical and epidemiological implications of NRS and to develop a score that can objectively evaluate NRS status. METHODS: Study subjects consisted of 9,788 community residents (age 53.6 ± 13.4 y). Subjective NRS as well as possible clinical and lifestyle factors for NRS were investigated by questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274262/burden-of-malaria-in-mobile-populations-in-the-greater-accra-region-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Nouhoum Diallo, Patricia Akweongo, Ernest Maya, Moses Aikins, Bismark Sarfo
BACKGROUND: The burden of malaria in mobile populations remains poorly documented in sub-Saharan Africa. This study determined the prevalence of malaria among hawkers and long-distance truck drivers in the Greater Accra region of Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional design using consecutive sampling method between June and July 2016 in Accra and Tema in Ghana was used in this study. The study population was hawkers who roam and sleep in the Market Streets, and long-distance truck drivers...
March 9, 2017: Malaria Journal
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