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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635906/-obstructive-sleep-apnea-at-high-altitude
#1
A K Myrzaakhmatova
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important and socially relevant problem of modern medicine, which is referred to as a most common pathological condition. The problem of OSA is especially urgent for inhabitants of high mountainous regions, as a combination of climatic, social, and cultural factors can significantly affect the course of the disease in both indigenous highlanders and people temporarily residing at high altitude. The paper reviews the current literature covering the problem of OSA at high altitude...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625430/sensorimotor-and-executive-function-slowing-in-anesthesiology-residents-after-overnight-shifts
#2
George W Williams, Bairavi Shankar, Eliana M Klier, Alice Z Chuang, Salma El Marjiya-Villarreal, Omonele O Nwokolo, Aanchal Sharma, Anne B Sereno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Medical residents working overnight call shifts experience sleep deprivation and circadian clock disruption. This leads to deficits in sensorimotor function and increases in workplace accidents. Using quick tablet-based tasks, we investigate whether measureable executive function differences exist following a single overnight call versus routine shift, and whether factors like stress, rest and caffeine affect these measures. DESIGN: A prospective, observational, longitudinal, comparison study was conducted...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623615/use-of-antipsychotic-drugs-by-elderly-primary-care-patients-and-the-effects-of-medication-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#3
Cecilia Lenander, Patrik Midlöv, Nina Viberg, John Chalmers, Kris Rogers, Åsa Bondesson
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics form a class of drugs that should be used with caution among elderly people because of a high risk of adverse events. Despite the risks and modest effects, their use is estimated to be high, especially in nursing homes. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the effects of medication reviews on antipsychotic drug use for elderly primary care patients and describe the extent of, and reasons for, the prescription of antipsychotics. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study in primary care in Skåne, Sweden, patients aged ≥75 years living in nursing homes or in their own homes with home care were included...
June 16, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#4
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618899/development-of-a-caregiver-reported-measure-to-support-systematic-assessment-of-people-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-the-integrated-palliative-care-outcome-scale-for-dementia
#5
Clare Ellis-Smith, Catherine J Evans, Fliss Em Murtagh, Lesley A Henson, Alice M Firth, Irene J Higginson, Barbara A Daveson
BACKGROUND: Symptom burden is common for long-term care residents with dementia which if untreated compromises quality of life. Measurement tools can support assessment of symptoms and problems but are not widely used in long-term care settings. We developed the Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale for Dementia derived from the Palliative care Outcome Scale, Palliative care Outcome Scale-Symptom and Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale. AIM: To examine the content validity, acceptability and comprehension of Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale for Dementia for routine use in long-term care settings for people with dementia and to refine Integrated Palliative care Outcome Scale for Dementia...
July 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612540/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-arthritis-in-middle-and-old-aged-populations-in-china
#6
Pei-Ya Cao, Kan Wu, Jia-Hui Qian, Hui-Qiang Luo, Xiao-Hui Ren
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of arthritis in middle- and old-aged populations in China and associated factors. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Binary logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the associations of arthritis with social economic status (age, gender, areas, education), comorbidity (hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, cancer, chronic lung disease, liver disease, heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, digestive disease, asthma), lifestyle (smoking, drinking, sleeping) and mental health (depression symptoms)...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610686/levels-of-physical-activity-and-sleep-patterns-among-older-people-with-dementia-living-in-long-term-care-facilities-a-24-h-snapshot
#7
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Brian Draper, Elizabeth Beattie, David Shum, Lukman Thalib, Siobhan O'Dwyer, Cindy M Mervin
OBJECTIVES: To objectively measure over a 24-h period the daytime and nighttime levels of physical activity and sleep patterns of older people with dementia living in long-term care facilities. STUDY DESIGN: Nested within a larger research program, this cross-sectional study involved 415 residents, aged ≥60 years, with a documented diagnosis of dementia, from 28 long-term care facilities in south-east Queensland, Australia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Residents wore SenseWear(®) activity armbands continuously for 24h, with data recorded for: step count; total energy expenditure; metabolic equivalent of task (MET); and the amount of time spent physically active, lying down, awake, and asleep...
August 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595523/blue-enriched-lighting-for-older-people-living-in-care-homes-effect-on-activity-actigraphic-sleep-mood-and-alertness
#8
Samantha Hopkins, Peter Lloyd Morgan, Luc J M Schlangen, Peter Williams, Debra J Skene, Benita Middleton
Environmental (little outdoor light; low indoor lighting) and age-related physiological factors (reduced light transmission through the ocular lens, reduced mobility) contribute to a light-deprived environment for older people living in care homes. This study investigates the effect of increasing indoor light levels with blue-enriched white lighting on objective (rest-activity rhythms, performance) and self-reported (mood, sleep, alertness) measures in older people. Eighty residents (69 female), aged 86 ± 8 yrs (mean ± SD), participated (MMSE 19 ± 6)...
June 7, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582452/heritability-and-genetic-correlation-between-gerd-symptoms-severity-metabolic-syndrome-and-inflammation-markers-in-families-living-in-mexico-city
#9
Arturo Reding-Bernal, Valentin Sánchez-Pedraza, Hortensia Moreno-Macías, Sergio Sobrino-Cossio, María Elizabeth Tejero-Barrera, Ana Isabel Burguete-García, Mireya León-Hernández, María Fabiola Serratos-Canales, Ravindranath Duggirala, Juan Carlos López-Alvarenga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the heritability (h2) and genetic correlation (ρG) between GERD symptoms severity, metabolic syndrome components, and inflammation markers in Mexican families. METHODS: Cross-sectional study which included 32 extended families resident in Mexico City. GERD symptoms severity was assessed by the ReQuest in Practice questionnaire. Heritability and genetic correlation were determined using the Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines software...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580365/low-quality-housing-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-malaria-infection-a-national-population-based-study-from-the-low-transmission-setting-of-swaziland
#10
Nomcebo Dlamini, Michelle S Hsiang, Nyasatu Ntshalintshali, Deepa Pindolia, Regan Allen, Nomcebo Nhlabathi, Joseph Novotny, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Alemayehu Midekisa, Roly Gosling, Arnaud LeMenach, Justin Cohen, Grant Dorsey, Bryan Greenhouse, Simon Kunene
BACKGROUND: Low-quality housing may confer risk of malaria infection, but evidence in low transmission settings is limited. METHODS: To examine the relationship between individual level housing quality and locally acquired infection in children and adults, a population-based cross-sectional analysis was performed using existing surveillance data from the low transmission setting of Swaziland. From 2012 to 2015, cases were identified through standard diagnostics in health facilities and by loop-mediated isothermal amplification in active surveillance, with uninfected subjects being household members and neighbors...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575777/prevalence-of-psychological-stress-depression-and-anxiety-among-medical-students-in-egypt
#11
Mohamed Fawzy, Sherifa A Hamed
Poor psychological health in medical students has been reported nationwide. This study estimated the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among medical students who were enrolled in a public university in Upper Egypt and determine the association of these morbidities with the students' basic socio-demographic variables. This cross-sectional study included 700 students. A self-administered, questionnaire for the socio-demographic characteristics, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 21) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire were used for assessment...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556389/current-practice-and-challenges-in-night-time-care-for-people-with-dementia-living-in-care-homes-a-qualitative-study
#12
Kayleigh Marie Nunez, Zunera Khan, Ingelin Testad, Vanessa Lawrence, Byron Creese, Anne Corbett
OBJECTIVE: To explore the current practices and challenges in night-time care for people with dementia living in care homes in the UK. METHODS: Focus group discussions (FGD) were held with care staff and family carers from five care homes in South London. To supplement the FGD data, an online survey was circulated to family carers (n = 16), and informal interviews were conducted with night-time care staff and nurses (n = 19). The questions for the online survey were designed to specifically explore the themes that emerged from the FGD...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#13
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539349/sleep-loss-promotes-astrocytic-phagocytosis-and-microglial-activation-in-mouse-cerebral-cortex
#14
Michele Bellesi, Luisa de Vivo, Mattia Chini, Francesca Gilli, Giulio Tononi, Chiara Cirelli
We previously found that Mertk and its ligand Gas6, astrocytic genes involved in phagocytosis, are upregulated after acute sleep deprivation. These results suggested that astrocytes may engage in phagocytic activity during extended wake, but direct evidence was lacking. Studies in humans and rodents also found that sleep loss increases peripheral markers of inflammation, but whether these changes are associated with neuroinflammation and/or activation of microglia, the brain's resident innate immune cells, was unknown...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#15
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#16
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528223/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depression-among-the-elderly-in-urban-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Y Liu, T Li, L Guo, R Zhang, X Feng, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, sleep quality, and depression among the elderly in urban communities, and further to determine whether sleep quality can serve as a mediator among the elderly in urban communities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Between May and July in 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years from Liaoning province, China...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526253/racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-quality-among-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#18
Patricia A Parmelee, Brian S Cox, Jason A DeCaro, Francis J Keefe, Dylan M Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality and the pain-sleep association among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Baseline interview followed by a 7-day microlongitudinal study using accelerometry and self-reports. SETTING: Participants were community residents in western Alabama and Long Island, NY. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six African Americans (AAs) and 128 non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) with physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, recruited from a variety of clinical and community settings...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522972/recent-advances-in-the-study-of-bipolar-rod-shaped-microglia-and-their-roles-in-neurodegeneration
#19
Ngan Pan Bennett Au, Chi Him Eddie Ma
Microglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) and they contribute to primary inflammatory responses following CNS injuries. The morphology of microglia is closely associated with their functional activities. Most previous research efforts have attempted to delineate the role of ramified and amoeboid microglia in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. In addition to ramified and amoeboid microglia, bipolar/rod-shaped microglia were first described by Franz Nissl in 1899 and their presence in the brain was closely associated with the pathology of infectious diseases and sleeping disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522102/retrospective-multicenter-matched-case-control-study-on-the-risk-factors-for-narcolepsy-with-special-focus-on-vaccinations-including-pandemic-influenza-vaccination-and-infections-in-germany
#20
Doris Oberle, Jutta Pavel, Geert Mayer, Peter Geisler, Brigitte Keller-Stanislawski
OBJECTIVE: Studies associate pandemic influenza vaccination with narcolepsy. In Germany, a retrospective, multicenter, matched case-control study was performed to identify risk factors for narcolepsy, particularly regarding vaccinations (seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination) and infections (seasonal and pandemic influenza) and to quantify the detected risks. METHODS: Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness who had been referred to a sleep center between April 2009 and December 2012 for multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were eligible...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
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