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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929785/relationship-of-hemodialysis-shift-with-sleep-quality-and-depression-in-hemodialysis-patients
#1
Masomeh Norozi Firoz, Vida Shafipour, Hedayat Jafari, Seyed Hamzeh Hosseini, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati
This descriptive correlational study was aimed at determining the relationship of hemodialysis shift with sleep quality and depression in 310 hemodialysis patients. Demographic and Clinical Questionnaires, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index, and Beck's Depression Inventory were used to ascertain the aforementioned relationship. Among the patients, 59.6% reported poor sleep quality and 44.8% reported experiencing depression. Results show that these conditions were significantly related to many factors. Although dialysis shift was not significantly related to sleep quality and depression, sleep quality was found significantly associated with age, female gender, illiteracy, unemployment, residence in rural areas, diabetes, addiction to sedatives, and phosphorus levels...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927479/insomnia-symptoms-among-old-people-in-nursing-homes
#2
Andreas Skottheim, Hugo Lövheim, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman, Maria Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are common among old people, and hypnotics and sedative drugs are often prescribed in spite of small benefits. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of insomnia symptoms and to analyze the association between insomnia symptoms, cognitive level, and prescription of hypnotics and sedatives among old people living in nursing homes. METHODS: The study comprised 2,135 people living in nursing homes in the county of Västerbotten, Sweden...
September 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926205/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-among-older-women-in-vietnam
#3
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Charrlotte Seib
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore prevalence and correlates of sleep disturbance among women aged 60 and over in Vietnam. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance can negatively influence human's health. Sleep disturbance is likely to increase with age, and women appear to be more likely to experience sleep disturbance than men. Knowledge about sleep disturbance in women aged 60 and over in Vietnam is under-researched. DESIGN: The study presents results from a cross-sectional survey of 440 women aged 60 and over from 16 rural and urban suburbs in Vietnam from 8/2014 to 1/2015...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910551/effects-of-differences-in-the-availability-of-light-upon-the-circadian-rhythms-of-institutionalized-elderly
#4
José A Rubiño, Antoni Gamundí, Mourad Akaarir, Francesca Cañellas, Rubén Rial, Neus Ballester, M Cristina Nicolau
The aim of this study was to compare the availability of diurnal and nocturnal light in two residences for aged persons (R1 and R2, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, Spain). We found that the R1 inmates were exposed to lower amounts of light during waking time and higher amounts during sleeping time. The main traits of the circadian rhythms and the quality of sleep in the inmates of the two residences were found to be positively related to the availability of light during waking time and negatively to the increased light exposure during bed time...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#5
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906605/the-state-of-sleep-medicine-education-in-north-american-psychiatry-residency-training-programs-in-2013-chief-resident-s-perspective
#6
Imran S Khawaja, Patricia J Dickmann, Thomas D Hurwitz, Paul D Thuras, Robert E Feinstein, Alan B Douglass, Elliott Kyung Lee
Objective: To assess the current state of sleep medicine educational resources and training offered by North American psychiatry residency programs. Methods: In June 2013, a 9-item peer-reviewed Sleep Medicine Training Survey was administered to 39 chief residents of psychiatry residency training programs during a meeting in New York. Results: Thirty-four percent of the participating programs offered an elective rotation in sleep medicine...
August 31, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899518/relationship-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-neuroimaging-signatures-of-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-atahualpa-project
#7
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera, Mauricio Zambrano, Pablo R Castillo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Evidence of a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and neuroimaging signatures of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is limited. The present study aimed to evaluate this association in older adults living in rural Ecuador, where small vessel disease is a major pathogenetic mechanism underlying stroke. METHODS: A representative random sample of Atahualpa residents aged ≥60 years enrolled in the Atahualpa Project neuroimaging substudy underwent a single-night diagnostic polysomnography...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883799/rem-sleep-and-endothermy-potential-sites-and-mechanism-of-a-reciprocal-interference
#8
REVIEW
Matteo Cerri, Marco Luppi, Domenico Tupone, Giovanni Zamboni, Roberto Amici
Numerous data show a reciprocal interaction between REM sleep and thermoregulation. During REM sleep, the function of thermoregulation appears to be impaired; from the other hand, the tonic activation of thermogenesis, such as during cold exposure, suppresses REM sleep occurrence. Recently, both the central neural network controlling REM sleep and the central neural network controlling thermoregulation have been progressively unraveled. Thermoregulation was shown to be controlled by a central "core" circuit, responsible for the maintenance of body temperature, modulated by a set of accessory areas...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882920/the-hat-trick-programme-for-improving-physical-activity-healthy-eating-and-connectedness-among-overweight-inactive-men-study-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-feasibility-trial
#9
Cristina M Caperchione, Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Steven T Johnson, Kate Hunt, Paul Sharp, Kayla M Fitzpatrick, Ryley Price, S Larry Goldenberg
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity, healthy eating and maintaining a healthy weight are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and cancer and with improved mental health. Despite these benefits, many men do not meet recommended physical activity guidelines and have poor eating behaviours. Many health promotion programmes hold little appeal to men and consequently fail to influence men's health practices. HAT TRICK was designed as a 12-week face-to-face, gender-sensitised intervention for overweight and inactive men focusing on physical activity, healthy eating and social connectedness and was delivered in collaboration with a major junior Canadian ice hockey team (age range 16-20 years)...
September 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882740/effect-of-sleep-deprivation-after-a-night-shift-duty-on-simulated-crisis-management-by-residents-in-anaesthesia-a-randomised-crossover-study
#10
Ségolène Arzalier-Daret, Clément Buléon, Marie-Laure Bocca, Pierre Denise, Jean-Louis Gérard, Jean-Luc Hanouz
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation has been associated with an increased incidence of medical errors and can jeopardise patients' safety during medical crisis management. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of sleep deprivation on the management of simulated anaesthesia crisis by residents in anaesthesiology. METHODS: A randomised, comparative, monocentric crossover study involving 48 residents in anaesthesia was performed on a high fidelity patient simulator...
September 4, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871633/evaluation-of-aintree-loss-a-community-based-multidisciplinary-weight-management-service-outcomes-and-predictors-of-engagement
#11
T Steele, R P Narayanan, M James, J James, N Mazey, J P H Wilding
Aintree LOSS is a community-based, multidisciplinary weight management programme for patients with severe and complex obesity, focusing on a flexible and individualized service with follow-up for up to 2 years. We evaluated all 2472 patients referred to the service between October 2009 and 2013. Demographic data were recorded at baseline, with the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) used to measure socioeconomic deprivation. Weight was recorded at each visit. Mean body mass index at baseline was 45.6 (standard deviation 6...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840332/can-fatigue-affect-acquisition-of-new-surgical-skills-a-prospective-trial-of-pre-and-post-call-general-surgery-residents-using-the-da-vinci-surgical-skills-simulator
#12
Weston Robison, Sonya K Patel, Akshat Mehta, Tristan Senkowski, John Allen, Eric Shaw, Christopher K Senkowski
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of fatigue on general surgery residents' performance on the da Vinci Skills Simulator (dVSS). METHODS: 15 General Surgery residents from various postgraduate training years (PGY2, PGY3, PGY4, and PGY5) performed 5 simulation tasks on the dVSS as recommended by the Robotic Training Network (RTN). The General Surgery residents had no prior experience with the dVSS. Participants were assigned to either the Pre-call group or Post-call group based on call schedule...
August 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821418/the-associations-between-carbohydrate-and-protein-intakes-with-habitual-sleep-duration-among-adults-living-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#13
Xin Liu, Di Wu, Xin Qi, Yulin Niu, Wenyuan Li, Yichen Lu, Jie Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Macronutrient intake was associated with habitual sleep duration, a recognized metabolic risk factor. However, results are not clear for populations with large diversities in dietary habits and urbanization levels. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the associations between relative macronutrient intakes and sleep duration, and the potential modification effect of urban-rural residence among adult Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806609/sleep-disturbances-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-empirical-patterns-and-related-factors-from-an-epidemiological-survey
#14
Wulf Rössler, Vladeta AjdacicGross, Nick Glozier, Stephanie Rodgers, Helene Haker, Mario Müller
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that sleep disorders are highly associated with other mental health problems. However, sleep problems even below the diagnostic threshold of sleep disorders are very common in the general population, which highly affects wellbeing and functioning. In order to broaden the focus beyond those severe cases we explored empirical patterns across the whole spectrum of sleep problems as well as associated clinical and other factors. METHOD: A representative community sample of N=1274 residents from the canton of Zurich was interviewed for sleep problems and diagnostic criteria for mental disorders as well as was given a number of mental health-related psychometrical checklists...
July 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797869/association-of-inflammatory-cytokines-with-the-symptom-cluster-of-pain-fatigue-depression-and-sleep-disturbance-in-chinese-patients-with-cancer
#15
Yan-Bo Ji, Chun-Lu Bo, Xiu-Juan Xue, En-Ming Weng, Guang-Chao Gao, Bei-Bei Dai, Kai-Wen Ding, Cui-Ping Xu
CONTEXT: Pain, fatigue, depression, and sleep disturbance are common in patients with cancer and usually co-occur as a symptom cluster. However, the mechanism underlying this symptom cluster is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify subgroups of cluster symptoms, compare demographic and clinical characteristics between subgroups, and examine the associations between inflammatory cytokines and cluster symptoms. METHODS: Participants were 170 Chinese inpatients with cancer from two tertiary hospitals...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794665/resident-wellness-institutional-trends-over-10-years-since-2003
#16
Dongseok Choi, Andrea Cedfeldt, Christine Flores, Kimberly Irish, Patrick Brunett, Donald Girard
BACKGROUND: The surveys in this study were carried out at the Graduate Medical Education Division at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). OHSU implemented two significant wellness initiatives: a wellness program in 2004, and a policy allowing 4 half-days off each academic year to pursue personal or family health care needs in 2010. This study provides a secondary data analysis of five cross-sectional surveys of career satisfaction of resident and fellow trainees. METHODS: All trainees were surveyed five times over a 10-year period using anonymous, cross-sectional web-based survey instruments...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778040/health-impacts-related-to-urban-and-transport-planning-a-burden-of-disease-assessment
#17
Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Xavier Basagaña, Marta Cirach, Tom Cole-Hunter, Payam Dadvand, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Maria Foraster, Mireia Gascon, David Martinez, Cathryn Tonne, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Antònia Valentín, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Until now, estimates of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) have mainly been produced on national or regional levels. These general estimates, however, are less useful for city governments who have to take decisions on local scales. To address this gap, we focused on the city-level burden of disease (BD) due to exposures affected by urban and transport planning. We conducted a BD assessment using the Urban and Transport Planning Health Impact Assessment (UTOPHIA) tool to estimate annual preventable morbidity and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) under compliance with international exposure recommendations for physical activity (PA), exposure to air pollution, noise, heat, and access to green spaces in Barcelona, Spain...
October 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777828/depression-anxiety-and-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Doris Jaalouk
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess prevalence of smartphone addiction symptoms, and to ascertain whether depression or anxiety, independently, contributes to smartphone addiction level among a sample of Lebanese university students, while adjusting simultaneously for important sociodemographic, academic, lifestyle, personality trait, and smartphone-related variables. METHODS: A random sample of 688 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.64 ±1.88 years; 53% men) completed a survey composed of a) questions about socio-demographics, academics, lifestyle behaviors, personality type, and smartphone use-related variables; b) 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) Scale; and c) brief screeners of depression and anxiety (PHQ-2 and GAD-2), which constitute the two core DSM-IV items for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777362/-the-role-of-subjective-methods-for-the-evaluation-of-sleep-quality
#19
A Yu Gortseva, L S Korostovtseva, M V Bochkarev, Yu V Sviryaev, A O Konradi
AIM: To assess the accuracy of questions evaluating the quality and duration of sleep. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Target population included residents of St. Petersburg, who participated in the epidemiological study ESSE-RF. Out of 1417 participants, 136 individuals agreed to undergo additional sleep evaluation, and 49 subjects underwent polysomnography study for objective sleep evaluation. All participants were interviewed for subjective sleep assessment (standard questionnaires and Pittsburgh sleep quality index questionnaire)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767095/the-combined-effects-of-aircraft-and-road-traffic-noise-and-aircraft-and-railway-noise-on-noise-annoyance-an-analysis-in-the-context-of-the-joint-research-initiative-norah
#20
Jördis Wothge, Christin Belke, Ulrich Möhler, Rainer Guski, Dirk Schreckenberg
The Noise Related Annoyance Cognition and Health (NORAH) research initiative is one of the most extensive studies on the physiological and psychological long-term effects of transportation noise in Europe. It includes research on the quality of life and annoyance as well as cardiovascular effects, sleep disturbance, breast cancer, blood pressure, depression and the cognitive development of children. Within the realm of the annoyance module of the study approximately 10,000 residents of the Rhine-Main district were surveyed on the combined effects of transportation noise...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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