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Ph and impedance in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620597/feeding-problems-and-their-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-patient
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Mahoney, Rachel Rosen
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502434/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#2
REVIEW
Hayat Mousa, Maheen Hassan
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a normal physiologic process. It is important to distinguish GER from GER disease (GERD) since GER does not require treatment. Although a diagnosis of GERD can largely be based on history and physical alone, endoscopy and pH impedance studies can help make the diagnosis when there in atypical presentation. In children and adolescents, lifestyle changes and acid suppression are first-line treatments for GERD. In infants, acid suppression is not effective, but a trial of hydrolyzed formula can be considered, as milk protein sensitivity can be difficult to differentiate from GER symptoms...
June 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235713/gastroesophageal-reflux-is-not-associated-with-short-term-variability-of-parasympathetic-activity-in-children
#3
Jan Krzysztof Nowak, Agata Łaźniak, Aleksandra Lisowska, Zdzisława Kycler, Waldemar Bobkowski, Jarosław Walkowiak
PURPOSE: A lower parasympathetic activity was described in patients with the gastroesophageal reflux disease. We aimed to determine whether gastroesophageal reflux (GER) episodes are associated with a short-term parasympathetic tone variability in children. METHODS: In order to address this question we performed simultaneous 24-h esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH and electrocardiographic monitoring in 16 children (age range 6-18 years), including 8 with asthma and 2 with gastroesophageal reflux disease...
March 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185711/impact-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-and-delayed-gastric-emptying-on-pediatric-lung-transplant-outcomes
#4
Fei Jamie Dy, Dawn Freiberger, Enju Liu, Debra Boyer, Gary Visner, Rachel Rosen
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is thought to predispose to adverse lung allograft outcomes. However, little is known about the burden of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroparesis in pediatric patients. In this study we describe the burden of reflux and gastroparesis in children undergoing lung transplant, and evaluates their impact on allograft survival and rejection incidence. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of pediatric lung transplant recipients who had combined pH and multichannel intraluminal impedance testing (pH-MII) and gastric-emptying scans (GES)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078818/objectively-diagnosing-rumination-syndrome-in-children-using-esophageal-ph-impedance-and-manometry
#5
M M J Singendonk, J M Oors, A J Bredenoord, T I Omari, R J van der Pol, M J Smits, M A Benninga, M P van Wijk
BACKGROUND: Rumination syndrome is characterized by recurrent regurgitation of recently ingested food into the mouth. Differentiation with other diagnoses and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in particular, is difficult. Recently, objective pH-impedance (pH-MII) and manometry criteria were proposed for adults. The aim of this study was to determine diagnostic ambulatory pH-MII and manometry criteria for rumination syndrome in children. METHODS: Clinical data and 24-hour pH-MII and manometry recordings of children with a clinical suspicion of rumination syndrome were reviewed...
May 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028956/assessment-of-clinical-symptoms-and-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-and-ph-monitoring-in-children-after-thoracoscopic-repair-of-esophageal-atresia-and-distal-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#6
Barbara M Iwańczak, Agnieszka Kosmowska-Miśków, Anna Kofla-Dłubacz, Mateusz Palczewski, Michał Grabiński, Katarzyna Pawłowska, Krzysztof Matusiewicz, Dariusz Patkowski
BACKGROUND: Motility disturbances of the esophagus and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are observed frequently in children after repair of congenital esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). Recently, in many pediatric surgical centers, thoracoscopic repair was introduced, which theoretically would change the postoperative course. OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess physical development, disease symptoms, and GERD symptom frequency in children who underwent thoracoscopic surgery of congenital EA/TEF...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979581/the-edematous-and-erythematous-airway-does-not-denote-pathologic-gastroesophageal-reflux
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Rachel Rosen, Paul D Mitchell, Janine Amirault, Manali Amin, Karen Watters, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the reflux finding score (RFS), a validated score for airway inflammation, correlates with gastroesophageal reflux measured by multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) testing, endoscopy, and quality of life scores. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a prospective, cross-sectional cohort study of 77 children with chronic cough undergoing direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and MII testing with pH (pH-MII) between 2006 and 2011...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804042/esophageal-mucosal-integrity-improves-after-laparoscopic-antireflux-surgery-in-children-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
Femke A Mauritz, Nicolaas F Rinsma, Ernest L W van Heurn, Cornelius E J Sloots, Peter D Siersema, Roderick H J Houwen, David C van der Zee, Ad A M Masclee, José M Conchillo, Maud Y A Van Herwaarden-Lindeboom
BACKGROUND: Esophageal intraluminal baseline impedance reflects the conductivity of the esophageal mucosa and may be an instrument for in vivo evaluation of mucosal integrity in children with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) is a well-established treatment option for children with proton pump inhibitory (PPI) therapy resistant GERD. The effect of LARS in children on baseline impedance has not been studied in detail. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of LARS on baseline impedance in children with GERD...
July 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769085/role-of-intraluminal-esophageal-impedance-baseline-in-the-diagnosis-of-esophagitis-in-children
#9
Miguel Couselo, Vicente Ibáñez, Javier Lluna, Juan José Vila
Introduction Low values of esophageal impedance baseline (EIB) have been related to esophagitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of EIB for erosive esophagitis (ErE) and histological esophagitis (HiE) in children studied for gastroesophageal reflux. Material and Methods Children who underwent esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH) and upper-endoscopy with esophageal biopsies were studied retrospectively. EIB values were obtained by MII-pH. ErE was assessed by endoscopy following the Hetzel-Dent classification; HiE was defined by basal zone hyperplasia, papillary lengthening, or inflammatory infiltration...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736035/role-of-non-acid-gastro-esophageal-reflux-in-children-with-respiratory-symptoms
#10
Letizia Zenzeri, Paolo Quitadamo, Renato Tambucci, Dario Ummarino, Antonio Poziello, Erasmo Miele, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory symptoms are a possible atypical clinical picture of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, a significant number of patients with GERD-related respiratory symptoms do not report improvement despite aggressive acid-suppressive therapy. Some of these refractory cases may be due to the recently appreciated entity of non-acid or weakly acidic reflux. The aim of our study is to assess the pH-impedance features of GER inducing airway symptoms, compared with GER inducing typical gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms...
May 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727523/the-importance-of-combined-24-hour-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring-in-the-evaluation-of-children-with-suspected-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#11
I Pavić, I Babić, J Čepin Bogović, I Hojsak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic usefulness of combined multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring in children with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective study including children in whom, due to LPR suggestive symptoms, MII-pH monitoring was performed at tertiary medical centre from February 2012 to July 2015. INTERVENTIONS: All included children underwent same diagnostic protocol which included examination by single pulmonologist and ENT specialist and underwent 24-hour MII-pH monitoring...
June 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682990/reflux-monitoring-in-children
#12
REVIEW
M M J Singendonk, M A Benninga, M P van Wijk
Recently, multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII) monitoring was added to the repertoire of tests to evaluate the (patho)physiology of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children. Its advantage above the sole monitoring of the esophageal pH lies in the ability of the detection of both acid and nonacid GER and to discern between liquid and gas GER. Currently, combined 24 h pH-MII monitoring is recommended for evaluation of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its relation to symptoms in infants and children, despite the lack of reference values in these age groups...
October 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574881/combined-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-and-ph-measurement-in-detecting-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-children
#13
Mark Safe, Jemma Cho, Usha Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring with standard investigations including pH testing for detecting gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of all MII-pH studies performed between July 2007 and March 2013 at Sydney Children's Hospital. Results from MII-pH testing, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), barium meal and pepsin assay, symptoms, underlying comorbidities, age, and medication usage were evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453366/salivary-pepsin-lacks-sensitivity-as-a-diagnostic-tool-to-evaluate-extraesophageal-reflux-disease
#14
Fei Dy, Janine Amirault, Paul D Mitchell, Rachel Rosen
OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity of salivary pepsin compared with multichannel intraluminal impedance with pH testing (pH-MII), endoscopy, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) questionnaires. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively recruited 50 children from Boston Children's Hospital who were undergoing pH-MII to evaluate for GERD. The patients completed 24-hour pH-MII testing, completed symptom and quality of life questionnaires, and provided a saliva specimen that was analyzed using the PepTest lateral flow test...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438415/combined-24-hours-esophageal-ph-monitoring-and-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-for-comparison-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-children-with-typical-versus-atypical-symptoms-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Seyed Alireza Taghavi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Maryam Nasri
BACKGROUND: - Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the most common esophageal disorder in pediatrics. OBJECTIVE: - The aim of this study was to compare reflux parameters of typical and atypical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease using 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring and multichannel intraluminal impedance in pediatric population. METHODS: - In this prospective study, 43 patients aged less than 18 year with suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease were enrolled...
July 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369283/effects-and-efficacy-of-laparoscopic-fundoplication-in-children-with-gerd-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#16
Femke A Mauritz, J M Conchillo, L W E van Heurn, P D Siersema, C E J Sloots, R H J Houwen, D C van der Zee, M Y A van Herwaarden-Lindeboom
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) in children primarily aims to decrease reflux events and reduce reflux symptoms in children with therapy-resistant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim was to objectively assess the effect and efficacy of LARS in pediatric GERD patients and to identify parameters associated with failure of LARS. METHODS: Twenty-five children with GERD [12 males, median age 6 (2-18) years] were included prospectively...
March 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318379/esophageal-inlet-patch-an-under-recognized-cause-of-symptoms-in-children
#17
Giovanni Di Nardo, Cesare Cremon, Luca Bertelli, Salvatore Oliva, Roberto De Giorgio, Nico Pagano
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of inlet patch (IP) and to assess the clinical and pathological features, role of the diagnostic workup in treatment decision making, efficacy of medical and endoscopic therapy, and natural history in a pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive patients aged <18 years (n = 1000) undergoing esophagogastroduodenoscopy were enrolled prospectively. Biopsy specimens were obtained from IPs and the proximal and distal esophagus, stomach, and duodenum...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193974/laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-children-with-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#18
Anna Górecka-Tuteja, Izabela Jastrzębska, Jacek Składzień, Krzysztof Fyderek
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the characteristic properties of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in children with otitis media with effusion (OME) using 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance combined with dual-probe (pharyngeal and esophageal) pH-metry. METHODS: Children aged 7-10 years of age with OME underwent 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance pH-metry. The upper pH sensor was situated 1 cm above the upper esophageal sphincter, and the lower pH sensor was placed 3-5 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151185/impact-of-laparoscopic-antireflux-surgery-on-belching-in-pediatric-gerd-patients
#19
N F Rinsma, F A Mauritz, L W E van Heurn, C E J Sloots, P D Siersema, R H J Houwen, D C van der Zee, A A M Masclee, J M Conchillo, M Y A Van Herwaarden-Lindeboom
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic antireflux surgery (LARS) is a well-established treatment option for children with proton pomp inhibitor (PPI)-resistant gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Besides preventing reflux of gastric fluid and solid content, LARS may also impair the ability of the stomach to vent intragastric air (i.e. gastric belching) and induce gas-related complications, such as bloating and/or hyperflatulence. Furthermore, it was previously hypothesized that LARS induces a behavioral type of belching, not originating from the stomach, called supragastric belching...
October 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137138/the-role-of-combined-24-h-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-ph-monitoring-in-the-evaluation-of-children-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-suggesting-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease
#20
I Hojsak, L Ivković, T Trbojević, I Pavić, O Jadrešin, Z Mišak, S Kolaček
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the role of multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (pH-MII) monitoring in the diagnosis of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children who presented with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in comparison with the results of pH-metry alone and endoscopy. METHODS: All children who underwent pH-MII monitoring due to GI symptoms, suggestive of GERD, from October 2013 to October 2015 in Children's Hospital Zagreb, were retrospectively enrolled in the study...
October 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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