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Sex differences depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661939/sexual-orientation-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#1
Jeremy W Luk, Stephen E Gilman, Denise L Haynie, Bruce G Simons-Morton
OBJECTIVES: Sexual orientation disparities in adolescent depressive symptoms are well established, but reasons for these disparities are less well understood. We modeled sexual orientation disparities in depressive symptoms from late adolescence into young adulthood and evaluated family satisfaction, peer support, cyberbullying victimization, and unmet medical needs as potential mediators. METHODS: Data were from waves 2 to 6 of the NEXT Generation Health Study ( n = 2396), a population-based cohort of US adolescents...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660795/symptom-and-function-profiles-of-men-with-localized-prostate-cancer
#2
Bryce B Reeve, Xianming Tan, Ronald C Chen, Deborah S Usinger, Laura C Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer seek information on how treatment options may impact their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The authors used latent profile analysis (LPA) to group men according to their symptom burden and functional status and to identify patient characteristics associated with each HRQOL profile. METHODS: Patients completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System and the Expanded Prostate Index Composite measures 3 months after treatment initiation...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653157/do-depressive-symptoms-affect-balance-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-gait-and-brain-study
#3
Frederico Pieruccini-Faria, Susan W Muir-Hunter, Manuel Montero-Odasso
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and depression independently affect balance control in older adults. However, it is uncertain whether depressive symptoms would amplify balance problems in older adults with MCI. AIM: To evaluate if the presence of significant depressive symptoms affects postural sway under somatosensory challenges in a MCI population. METHODS: Eighty two participants (mean of 75.3 ± 6.4 years of age; 46% women) with MCI completed cognitive and balance assessments...
April 10, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652872/medical-management-of-transgender-children-and-adolescents
#4
María Fernanda Castilla-Peón
Transgender or gender nonconforming (GN) persons identify themselves with a gender which is different from that correspondent to their birth sex. The demand for health services by families with transgender children or adolescents tends to increase. The prevalence of GN in children is unknown; however, it has been estimated to be > 1% in adolescents. Transgender persons are at increased risk of depression, suicide, illicit drug abuse, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and non-accidental injury. The most accepted model for the care of transgender persons assumes that these adverse outcomes are the consequence of social margination rather than the GI condition itself...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652311/-inflammatory-factors-and-immunophenotypes-in-adjustment-disorders
#5
T P Klyushnik, V B Nikitina, L V Androsova, T P Vetlugina, S A Zozulya, M M Aksenov, N A Bokhan
AIM: To identify inflammatory and autoimmune markers (enzymatic activity of leukocyte elastase (LE), functional α1-proteinase inhibitor (α1-PI), the level of autoantibodies to neurospecific antigens S100b and myelin basic protein (MBP)) as well as phagocytic activity of blood neutrophils of patients with disorders of adaptation, to determine certain immunophenotypes and analyze their possible relationships with disease characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 40 patients with adaptation disorders, mostly women...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648999/cord-blood-klotho-levels-are-inversely-associated-with-leptin-in-healthy-latino-neonates-at-risk-for-obesity
#6
Janet M Wojcicki, Aric A Prather, Elissa Epel, Dan Wang, Dena B Dubal
BACKGROUND: Klotho serum levels reflect nutritional state in adults including obesity and anorexia. The relationship between cord blood klotho levels at birth and parameters of growth including anthropometrics are not known. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between cord blood klotho, leptin and adipocyte hormones and infant, child and maternal anthropometrics and maternal depression in a cohort of 73 children. Non-parametric tests were used to assess differences between dichotomous and categorical predictors and klotho levels and Spearman's rank coefficients were used to assess the relationship between klotho levels and continuous predictors...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644388/the-relation-between-obesity-and-depressed-mood-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-study
#7
Deborah Gibson-Smith, Mariska Bot, Marieke Snijder, Mary Nicolaou, Eske M Derks, Karien Stronks, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
PURPOSE: To examine the association between obesity and depressed mood in a large multi-ethnic population and check for consistency in this association across six ethnic groups. METHODS: Data of 21,030 persons (18-70 years) were sourced from the HELIUS study. Cross-sectional relationships between obesity measures [body mass index (kg/m2 ) and waist circumference (cm)] and depressed mood (PHQ-9 score ≥ 10) were analysed. Consistency of associations was investigated across ethnic groups by interaction terms (ethnicity*obesity measures) in basic (age, sex, education) and fully (health behaviours and somatic health) adjusted models...
April 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642878/the-problem-of-suicide-among-amerindians-in-camopi-trois-sauts-french-guiana-2008-2015
#8
Rémi Pacot, Basma Garmit, Marianne Pradem, Mathieu Nacher, Paul Brousse
BACKGROUND: Suicide within the Amerindian community of Camopi (1741 inhabitants) in French Guiana has been an increasing problem widely reported in the media leading the French Government to mandate a parliamentary mission to investigate the matter. The purpose of the study was to describe this phenomenon and identify factors associated with suicide attempts. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted from the health centers' medical records. All suicide attempts and suicides committed between 2008 and 2015 by Amerindians living in Camopi and Trois Sauts were compiled...
April 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623512/incorporating-promis-symptom-measures-into-primary-care-practice-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Kurt Kroenke, Tasneem L Talib, Timothy E Stump, Jacob Kean, David A Haggstrom, Paige DeChant, Kittie R Lake, Madison Stout, Patrick O Monahan
BACKGROUND: Symptoms account for more than 400 million clinic visits annually in the USA. The SPADE symptoms (sleep, pain, anxiety, depression, and low energy/fatigue) are particularly prevalent and undertreated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of providing PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcome Measure Information System) symptom scores to clinicians on symptom outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial conducted from March 2015 through May 2016 in general internal medicine and family practice clinics in an academic healthcare system...
April 5, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621659/suicide-deaths-by-intentional-self-poisoning-in-people-with-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Michael Hawkins, Ayal Schaffer, Mark Sinyor, Yasunori Nishikawa, Nathan Herrmann, Krista L Lanctôt, Rima Styra, Maurizio Pompili, Jeffrey Huffman
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize self-poisoning deaths in people with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and compare to other suicide decedent groups. METHODS: Suicide deaths by self-poisoning in people with CVD (n = 151) were compared to suicide deaths by other methods in people with CVD (n = 260) and suicide deaths by self-poisoning in people without CVD (n = 509). Sub-analysis of the CVD self-poisoning group compared people with depression and without depression...
March 23, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621538/ketamine-and-ketamine-metabolites-as-novel-estrogen-receptor-ligands-induction-of-cytochrome-p450-and-ampa-glutamate-receptor-gene-expression
#11
Ming-Fen Ho, Cristina Correia, James N Ingle, Rima Kaddurah-Daouk, Liewei Wang, Scott H Kaufmann, Richard M Weinshilboum
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric illness worldwide, and it displays a striking sex-dependent difference in incidence, with two thirds of MDD patients being women. Ketamine treatment can produce rapid antidepressant effects in MDD patients, effects that are mediated-at least partially-through glutamatergic neurotransmission. Two active metabolites of ketamine, (2R,6R)-hydroxynorketamine (HNK) and (2S,6S)-HNK, also appear to play a key role in ketamine's rapid antidepressant effects through the activation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) glutamate receptors...
April 2, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619586/social-capital-depressive-symptoms-and-hiv-viral-suppression-among-young-black-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-with-hiv
#12
Sophia A Hussen, Kirk A Easley, Justin C Smith, Neeta Shenvi, Gary W Harper, Andres F Camacho-Gonzalez, Rob Stephenson, Carlos Del Rio
Social capital, the sum of an individual's resource-containing social network connections, has been proposed as a facilitator of successful HIV care engagement. We explored relationships between social capital, psychological covariates (depression, stigma and internalized homonegativity), and viral suppression in a sample of young Black gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (YB-GBMSM). We recruited 81 HIV-positive YB-GBMSM 18-24 years of age from a clinic setting. Participants completed a cross-sectional survey, and HIV-1 viral load (VL) measurements were extracted from the medical record...
April 4, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618626/demoralization-in-parkinson-disease
#13
Brian B Koo, Christopher A Chow, Divya R Shah, Farhan H Khan, Brittani Steinberg, Danielle Derlein, Keerthana Nalamada, Kiran Sai Para, Vikramjeet M Kakade, Amar S Patel, John M de Figueiredo, Elan D Louis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated features of demoralization in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: Participants with PD and controls were prospectively recruited from outpatient movement disorder clinics and the community. Demoralization was defined as scoring positively on the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research, Demoralization questionnaire or Kissane Demoralization Scale score ≥24. Depression was defined as Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10...
April 4, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615976/higher-prevalence-of-low-t3-syndrome-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#14
Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Rabab Tarasse, Emar F Vogelaar, D A Janneke Dijck-Brouwer, Frits A J Muskiet
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a heterogeneous disease with unknown cause(s). CFS symptoms resemble a hypothyroid state, possibly secondary to chronic (low-grade) (metabolic) inflammation. We studied 98 CFS patients (21-69 years, 21 males) and 99 age- and sex-matched controls (19-65 years, 23 males). We measured parameters of thyroid function, (metabolic) inflammation, gut wall integrity and nutrients influencing thyroid function and/or inflammation. Most remarkably, CFS patients exhibited similar thyrotropin, but lower free triiodothyronine (FT3) (difference of medians 0...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614682/non-genetic-risk-factors-for-degenerative-and-vascular-young-onset-dementia-results-from-the-inspired-and-kgow-studies
#15
Monica Cations, Brian Draper, Lee-Fay Low, Kylie Radford, Julian Trollor, Henry Brodaty, Perminder Sachdev, Peter Gonski, Gerald Anthony Broe, Adrienne Withall
BACKGROUND: Several brain reserve, vascular risk, and other modifiable factors have been associated with late-onset dementia, but their association with young onset dementia (YOD) has not been adequately explored. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of cognitive reserve enhancing factors, cardiovascular risk factors (including smoking), depression, alcohol use, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) with non-autosomal dominant degenerative and/or vascular YOD. METHODS: Data for this matched case-control study were taken from two larger studies conducted in NSW, Australia...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614528/-the-frequency-of-depression-diagnoses-in-different-groups-of-insured-persons-a-routine-data-analysis-of-the-years-2006-to-2015
#16
Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Kristina Kuhlmann, Sveja Eberhard
Depressive disorders are one of the most common type of mental disorders and are associated with a significant loss of social functioning and decrease in quality of life. While survey data from the Robert Koch-Institute show no increase in the prevalence of depression during recent years, data from social insurance agencies demonstrate an increasing social significance. Many people argue that changes in working conditions are a major reason for increasing depression diagnoses. Aim of the current study was to analyze the prevalence of depression diagnoses in health insurance data (administrative prevalence) for different types of insured persons and to examine the development over time with particular regard to working and non-working insured people...
April 3, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611255/translational-validity-of-pasat-and-the-effect-of-fatigue-and-mood-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-ms-a-functional-mri-study
#17
Dessislava Iancheva, Anastasiya G Trenova, Kiril Terziyski, Sevdalina Kandilarova, Stefka Mantarova
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) is used for assessment of information processing speed, attention, and working memory, which are the most frequently affected cognitive domains in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, and may be significantly affected by fatigue. However, the effect of fatigue and mood on the PASAT performance in MS patients translationally validated by fMRI has not been studied yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the translational validity of the PASAT, using fMRI during a paced visual serial addition test (PVSAT) paradigm in patients with relapsing remitting MS (RRMS) and to assess the impact of fatigue and mood on test performance...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608076/body-image-and-self-esteem-in-disorders-of-sex-development-a-european-multicenter-study
#18
Tim C van de Grift, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Annelou L C de Vries, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
OBJECTIVE: Disorders/differences of sex development (DSD) refer to congenital conditions with atypical sex development and are associated with psychosexual issues. The aim of this study was to assess body image and self-esteem across the DSD spectrum and to study the impact of diagnosis and mediating characteristics. METHOD: Data collection was part of dsd-LIFE, a cross-sectional study conducted by 14 European expert clinics on wellbeing and health care evaluation of adults diagnosed with DSD...
April 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606626/gender-dysphoria-and-gender-change-in-disorders-of-sex-development-intersex-conditions-results-from-the-dsd-life-study
#19
Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Birgit Köhler, Anna Nordenström, Robert Roehle, Ute Thyen, Claire Bouvattier, Annelou L C de Vries, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis
BACKGROUND: Information on the psychosexual outcome of individuals with disorders of sex development (DSDs) and intersex conditions is of great importance for sex assignment at birth of newborns with DSD. AIM: To assess gender change and gender dysphoria in a large sample of individuals with different DSDs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 European centers with 1,040 participants (717 female-identifying and 311 male-identifying persons and 12 persons identifying with another gender) with different forms of DSD...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606180/associations-of-prenatal-depressive-symptoms-with-dna-methylation-of-hpa-axis-related-genes-and-diurnal-cortisol-profiles-in-primary-school-aged-children
#20
Valeska Stonawski, Stefan Frey, Yulia Golub, Nicolas Rohleder, Jennifer Kriebel, Tamme W Goecke, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Johannes Kornhuber, Oliver Kratz, Gunther H Moll, Hartmut Heinrich, Anna Eichler
Epigenetic DNA modifications in genes related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis are discussed as a mechanism underlying the association between prenatal depression and altered child HPA activity. In a longitudinal study, DNA methylation changes related to prenatal depressive symptoms were investigated in 167 children aged 6 to 9 years. At six candidate genes, 126 cytosine-guanine dinucleotides were considered without correcting for multiple testing due to the exploratory nature of the study. Further associations with the basal child HPA activity were examined...
April 2, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
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