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Sex differences, depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214239/feasibility-and-factor-structure-of-the-frail-scale-in-older-adults
#1
Ivan Aprahamian, Sumika Mori Lin, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Daniel Apolinario, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Serpui Marie Elmadjian, Wilson Jacob Filho, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to (1) evaluate a geriatric outpatient sample with the FRAIL scale; (2) investigate the psychometric properties of the scale; and (3) characterize different associations of the subdimensions of the scale with demographic and clinical data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient center a university-based hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 811 men and women aged 60 years or older evaluated between March 2015 and September 2015...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213124/reciprocal-relationships-between-substance-use-and-disorders-and-suicidal-ideation-and-suicide-attempts-in-the-collaborative-study-of-the-genetics-of-alcoholism
#2
Arpana Agrawal, Rebecca Tillman, Richard A Grucza, Elliot C Nelson, Vivia V McCutcheon, Lauren Few, Kenneth R Conner, Michael T Lynskey, Danielle M Dick, Howard J Edenberg, Victor M Hesselbrock, John R Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, John I Nurnberger, Marc A Schuckit, Bernice Porjesz, Kathleen K Bucholz
BACKGROUND: Substance use and misuse and suicidal thoughts and behaviors tend to co-occur. The purpose of this study was to examine whether (a) suicidal ideation and attempt are related to onset of alcohol, nicotine and cannabis use and dependence; (b) early use of alcohol, nicotine and cannabis is associated with onset of suicidal ideation and attempt; and (c) whether these associations persist while controlling for covariates, such as family history of alcohol problems, major depression and other internalizing and externalizing disorders...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#3
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205080/assessment-of-cu-zn-edta-parenteral-toxicity-in-calves
#4
Luis Emilio Fazzio, Diana Esther Rosa, Sebastian Julio Picco, Guillermo Alberto Mattioli
Copper (Cu) parenteral administration is used in a beef cow-calf operations to prevent or correct Cu deficiency in bovines. At present, Zinc (Zn) salts have been incorporated to complement Cu antioxidant effect. A risk of hepatotoxicity generated by overdose is a negative consequence of injectable Cu application. Cu-Zn EDTA appears as an alternative; however, data about its toxicity is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess toxicity risk of different doses of Cu-Zn EDTA in calves. Thirty two Aberdeen Angus calves of 162 (±20) kg BW were assigned to 4 groups (n = 8), homogeneous in weight, sex, and age...
February 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203083/sexual-dimorphism-in-parkinson-s-disease-differences-in-clinical-manifestations-quality-of-life-and-psychosocial-functioning-between-males-and-females
#5
Farzaneh Farhadi, Kia Vosoughi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Ahmad Delbari, Johan Lökk, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad
INTRODUCTION: Sex-related differences in clinical manifestations and consequences of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been poorly explored. Better understanding of sexual dimorphism in neurologic diseases such as PD has been announced as a research priority. The aim of our study was to determine independent sex differences in clinical manifestations and subtypes, psychosocial functioning, quality of life (QoL) and its domains between male and female individuals with PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A comprehensive list of demographics, motor symptoms and subtypes, nonmotor features, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), psychosocial functioning and general aspects of daily life was assessed in 157 individuals (108 males and 49 females) with idiopathic PD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203017/-analysis-of-type-c-behavior-in-patients-with-oral-lichen-planus
#6
Y S Guo, S Li, M Y Lyu, D Yang, H Hua
OBJECTIVE: To assess type C behavior in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) in order to provide basis for clinical prevention, treatment and psychological intervention of OLP. METHODS: Type C behavior scale was used on 85 OLP patients and 85 control patients, who were in accordance with the inclusion criteria, in order to investigate their type C behavior. The scale included 9 items: anxiety, depression, anger, anger toward inside (anger-in), anger toward outside (anger-out), reasoning, domination, optimism, and social support...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202323/cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-sexual-satisfaction-in-sex-therapy-patients-what-role-for-symptom-complexity
#7
Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert, Stéphane Sabourin
INTRODUCTION: Patients consulting for sexual difficulties frequently present additional personal or relational disorders and symptoms. This is especially the case when they have experienced cumulative adverse childhood experiences (CACEs), which are associated with symptom complexity. CACEs refer to the extent to which an individual has experienced an accumulation of different types of adverse childhood experiences including sexual, physical, and psychological abuse; neglect; exposure to inter-parental violence; and bullying...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202321/anxiety-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women-and-men-in-sweden-is-the-risk-equally-spread-within-the-sexual-minority-population
#8
Charlotte Björkenstam, Emma Björkenstam, Gunnar Andersson, Susan Cochran, Kyriaki Kosidou
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority individuals have a higher risk of anxiety and depression compared with heterosexuals. However, whether the higher risk is spread equally across the sexual minority population is not clear. AIM: To investigate the association between sexual orientation and self-reported current anxiety and a history of diagnosis of depression, paying particular attention to possible subgroup differences in risks within the sexual minority population, stratified by sex and to examine participants' history of medical care for anxiety disorders and depression...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202098/gene-environment-interplay-in-depressive-symptoms-moderation-by-age-sex-and-physical-illness
#9
A J Petkus, C R Beam, W Johnson, J Kaprio, T Korhonen, M McGue, J M Neiderhiser, N L Pedersen, C A Reynolds, M Gatz
BACKGROUND: Numerous factors influence late-life depressive symptoms in adults, many not thoroughly characterized. We addressed whether genetic and environmental influences on depressive symptoms differed by age, sex, and physical illness. METHOD: The analysis sample included 24 436 twins aged 40-90 years drawn from the Interplay of Genes and Environment across Multiple Studies (IGEMS) Consortium. Biometric analyses tested age, sex, and physical illness moderation of genetic and environmental variance in depressive symptoms...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202012/early-life-adversity-is-associated-with-a-smaller-hippocampus-in-male-but-not-female-depressed-in-patients-a-case-control-study
#10
Romain Colle, Tomoyuki Segawa, Marie Chupin, Minh Ngoc Thien Kim Tran Dong, Patrick Hardy, Bruno Falissard, Olivier Colliot, Denis Ducreux, Emmanuelle Corruble
BACKGROUND: Three studies assessed the association of early life adversity (ELA) and hippocampal volumes in depressed patients, of which one was negative and the two others did not control for several potential confounding variables. Since the association of ELA and hippocampal volumes differ in male and female healthy volunteers, we investigated the association of ELA and hippocampal volumes in depressed patients, while focusing specifically on sex and controlling for several relevant socio-demographic and clinical variables...
February 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197670/prevalence-trends-correlates-and-treatment-of-depression-in-chile-in-2003-to-2010
#11
Niina Markkula, Pedro Zitko, Sebastián Peña, Paula Margozzini, Pedro Retamal C
PURPOSE: There is a need for recent, nationally representative data on the prevalence of mental disorders in Latin America. We aim to assess the prevalence of depression in Chile and possible changes over time. METHODS: In the Chilean National Health Surveys in 2003 (n = 5469) and 2010 (n = 7212), two nationally representative cross-sectional population surveys, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Short Form (CIDI-SF) was applied to establish diagnosis of major depressive episode (MDE) using DSM-IV criteria...
February 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183866/self-fertilization-sex-allocation-and-spermatogenesis-kinetics-in-the-hypodermically-inseminating-flatworm-macrostomum-pusillum
#12
Athina Giannakara, Steven A Ramm
The free-living flatworm genus Macrostomum is an emerging model system for studying the links between sex allocation, sexual selection and mating system evolution, as well as the underlying developmental and physiological mechanisms responsible for wide intra- and inter-specific variability in reproductive phenotypes. Despite compelling comparative morphological evidence of sexual diversity, detailed experimental work on reproductive behaviour and physiology in Macrostomum has so far been largely limited to just two species, M...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183396/denheart-differences-in-physical-and-mental-health-across-cardiac-diagnoses-at-hospital-discharge
#13
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen, Lars Thrysoee, Astrid Lauberg, Britt Borregaard, Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Ola Ekholm, Knud Juel, Jette Rolf Svanholm
OBJECTIVE: To describe: (i) differences in patient reported physical and mental health outcomes at hospital discharge between a) cardiac diagnostic groups and b) cardiac patients and a national representative reference population and to describe (ii) in-hospital predicting factors for patient reported outcomes. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey combined with national register data. From April 2013 to April 2014 all patients (n=34,564) discharged or transferred from one of five Danish Heart Centres were invited to participate...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181457/cognitive-and-affective-functions-associated-with-insomnia-a-population-based-study
#14
Nozomi Hishikawa, Yusuke Fukui, Kota Sato, Yasuyuki Ohta, Toru Yamashita, Koji Abe
OBJECTIVES: The number of patients with insomnia is rapidly increasing as society ages. The influence of insomnia on cognitive, affective, and activities of daily living (ADL) functions has not been fully studied. METHODS: Participants were 142 residents of a local super-aged community who underwent health check-ups provided by the local government. Participants completed cognitive, affective and ADL function tests including the MMSE. We divided participants into two subgroups based on Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) scores (AIS ≤3 and AIS ≥4) and compared cognitive, affective, and ADL functions by sex and age...
February 9, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179816/sex-differences-in-the-psychopharmacological-treatment-of-depression
#15
John J Sramek, Michael F Murphy, Neal R Cutler
Although a number of studies have observed that females respond better to serotonergic antidepressants than males and that postmenopausal females have a diminished response to antidepressants compared with younger females, there are also studies that conflict with both of these findings, making any generalizations regarding sex differences difficult to make. Sex variance in antidepressant efficacy and pharmacokinetics profiles have been attributed to sex-based physiological differences, behavioral differences, related disorders, and sex-specific conditions, including pregnancy and menopause...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179814/prenatal-stress-immune-programming-of-sex-differences-in-comorbidity-of-depression-and-obesity-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Jill M Goldstein, Laura Holsen, Grace Huang, Bradley D Hammond, Tamarra James-Todd, Sara Cherkerzian, Taben M Hale, Robert J Handa
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the number one cause of disability worldwide and is comorbid with many chronic diseases, including obesity/metabolic syndrome (MetS). Women have twice as much risk for MDD and comorbidity with obesity/MetS as men, although pathways for understanding this association remain unclear. On the basis of clinical and preclinical studies, we argue that prenatal maternal stress (ie, excess glucocorticoid expression and associated immune responses) that occurs during the sexual differentiation of the fetal brain has sex-dependent effects on brain development within highly sexually dimorphic regions that regulate mood, stress, metabolic function, the autonomic nervous system, and the vasculature...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173881/the-needs-of-older-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-a-portuguese-psychiatric-setting
#17
Joaquim Passos, Aníbal Fonte, Cláudia Camila Dias, Lia Fernandes
BACKGROUND: This study aims to identify met and unmet needs, according to the patient, the carer and the staff, and their relationship with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in elderly people with mental health problems. METHODS: A sample of 306 elderly patients ≥65 years, of both sexes, diagnosed with mental illness (ICD-10 criteria), was recruited from inpatient/outpatient settings in a Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, in northern Portugal...
February 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170305/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-on-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infections-in-china
#18
Jun Tao, Sten H Vermund, Hongyan Lu, Yuhua Ruan, Bryan E Shepherd, Aaron M Kipp, K Rivet Amico, Xiangjun Zhang, Yiming Shao, Han-Zhu Qian
Depression and anxiety are common among persons recently diagnosed with HIV infection. We examined whether depression or anxiety was associated with delayed initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among a prospective cohort of Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) who were newly diagnosed with HIV. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used for measuring depression and anxiety, with scores of 0-7, 8-10, and 11-21 representing normal, borderline, and likely, respectively. ART initiation information was extracted from the National ART Database...
February 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166486/drinking-motives-of-adult-patients-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-alcohol-use
#19
Anders Hammarberg, Caisa Öster, Christina Nehlin
INTRODUCTION: The Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ) measures motives for alcohol consumption on four subscales. Coping with negative affect and enhancement of positive affect have been shown to be associated with high levels of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Few studies exist concerning drinking motives among treatment-seeking patients. The aims of the study were to investigate the factor structure of the shortened form of the revised DMQ (DMQ-R SF), map main drinking, explore group differences in motives due to sex, age, level of drinking problems and symptoms of depression/anxiety and to investigate whether different drinking motives predict alcohol-related problems in this group...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163836/how-far-cardio-metabolic-and-psychological-factors-affect-salt-sensitivity-in-normotensive-adult-population
#20
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Masoud Pourmoghaddas, Omid Behnamfar, Zahra Pourmoghaddas, Ebrahim Heidari, Zahra Mahjoor, Mehdi Mousavi, Ahmad Bahonar, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of salt sensitivity and the impact of cardiometabolic and psychological characteristics on salt sensitivity in normotensive population. METHODS: Of all participants, anthropometric measurements and fasting venous blood samples were collected, and study questionnaires were completed. Salt Sensitivity was defined based on the difference in mean arterial pressure with infusion of 2 L of normal saline followed by a low sodium diet and administration of three doses of oral furosemide the day after...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
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