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Sex differences, depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718661/anxiety-and-self-care-behaviour-in-patients-with-chronic-systolic-heart-failure-a-multivariate-model
#1
Thomas Müller-Tasch, Bernd Löwe, Nicole Lossnitzer, Lutz Frankenstein, Tobias Täger, Markus Haass, Hugo Katus, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Wolfgang Herzog
BACKGROUND: While comprehensive evidence exists regarding negative effects of depression on self-care behaviours in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), the relation between anxiety and self-care behaviours in patients with CHF is not clear. The aim of this study was to analyse the interactions between anxiety, depression and self-care behaviours in patients with CHF. METHODS: The self-care behaviour of CHF outpatients was measured using the European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale (EHFScBS)...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717365/behavioural-problems-in-children-with-46xy-disorders-of-sex-development
#2
Nalini M Selveindran, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Muhammad Yazid Jalaludin, Rahmah Rasat
The aim of this study is to determine the behavioural problems of children with 46XY disorders of sex development (DSD) with genital ambiguity and to identify the risk factors that may influence behaviour. The 27 participants (aged 6-18 years) consisted of 21 patients raised as boys and 6 patients raised as girls. Control data were obtained from a representative sibling of each patient who was matched for age and gender. The study tool used was the Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), which is a parent-administered questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715478/loneliness-is-adversely-associated-with-physical-and-mental-health-and-lifestyle-factors-results-from-a-swiss-national-survey
#3
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Margareta Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Monika Eichholzer
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is a common, emotionally distressing experience and is associated with adverse physical and mental health and an unhealthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, little is known about the prevalence of loneliness in different age groups in Switzerland. Furthermore, the existing evidence about age and gender as potential effect modifiers of the associations between loneliness, physical and mental health and lifestyle characteristics warrants further investigation. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of loneliness among adults in Switzerland and to assess the associations of loneliness with several physical and mental health and behavioral factors, as well as to assess the modifying effect of sex and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712429/the-association-between-multiple-chemical-sensitivity-and-mental-illness-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadians
#4
Dylan Johnson, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate the association between multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), MDD and GAD comorbidity (MDD+GAD), severe distress, and positive mental wellbeing. METHODS: This cross-sectional investigation was carried out using the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health Component. The study population consisted of 21,977 individuals aged 20 and older, from Canada's ten provinces...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712425/telomere-length-is-inversely-correlated-with-urinary-stress-hormone-levels-in-healthy-controls-but-not-in-un-medicated-depressed-individuals-preliminary-findings
#5
Brittany Fair, Synthia H Mellon, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Dóra Révész, Josine E Verhoeven, Brenda W Penninx, Victor I Reus, Rebecca Rosser, Christina M Hough, Laura Mahan, Heather M Burke, Elizabeth H Blackburn, Owen M Wolkowitz
OBJECTIVE: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a biomarker of cellular aging affected by chronic stress. The relationship of LTL to the stress hormones, cortisol and catecholamines, is unclear, as are possible differences between healthy controls (HC) and individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). This small pilot study is the first to examine the relationship between cortisol, catecholamines and LTL specifically in un-medicated MDD in comparison with HC. METHODS: Participants included 16 un-medicated MDD subjects and 15 HC for assay of LTL, 12-hour overnight urinary free cortisol and catecholamine levels...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711814/problem-alcohol-use-and-healthcare-utilization-among-persons-with-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#6
William S John, Li-Tzy Wu
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) and hospital settings represent crucial opportunities for engaging treatment for cannabis use disorder (CUD). Thus, there is a need to identify factors associated with healthcare utilization among persons with CUD to improve screening and intervention approaches. Problematic alcohol use may be a salient risk factor. METHODS: Using data from the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we determined factors, including different patterns of alcohol use, associated with past-year ED admission and inpatient hospitalization among persons aged 12 years or older meeting criteria for CUD in the past year (N=16,757)...
June 30, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711193/nociceptin-receptors-in-alcohol-use-disorders-a%C3%A2-positron-emission-tomography-study-using-11-c-nop-1a
#7
Rajesh Narendran, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Brian Lopresti, Jennifer Paris, Michael L Himes, N Scott Mason
BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide transmitter nociceptin, which binds to the nociceptin/orphanin FQ peptide (NOP) receptor, is a core component of the brain's antistress system. Nociceptin exerts its antistress effect by counteracting the functions of corticotropin-releasing factor, the primary stress-mediating neuropeptide in the brain. Basic investigations support a role for medications that target nociceptin receptors in the treatment of alcohol use disorders. Thus, it is of high interest to measure the in vivo status of NOP receptors in individuals with alcohol use disorders...
May 31, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710953/partially-distinct-combinations-of-psychological-metabolic-and-inflammatory-risk-factors-are-prospectively-associated-with-the-onset-of-the-subtypes-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-midlife
#8
Dominique A Rudaz, Caroline L Vandeleur, Sirak Z Gebreab, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Aurélie M Lasserre, Jennifer Glaus, Enrique Castelao, Giorgio Pistis, Roland von Känel, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig
BACKGROUND: Given the well known heterogeneity of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), dividing this complex disorder into subtypes is likely to be a more promising approach to identify its determinants than to study it as a whole. METHODS: In a prospective population-based cohort study (CoLaus|PsyCoLaus) with 5.5 years of follow-up, 1524 participants without MDD at baseline, aged 35-66 years (mean age 51.4 years, 43.4% females), participated in the physical and psychiatric baseline and the psychiatric follow-up evaluations...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710952/indices-of-insulin-resistance-and-glucotoxicity-are-not-associated-with-bipolar-disorder-or-major-depressive-disorder-but-are-differently-associated-with-inflammatory-oxidative-and-nitrosative-biomarkers
#9
Kamila Landucci Bonifácio, Décio Sabbatini Barbosa, Estefânia Gastaldello Moreira, Carine Coneglian de Farias, Luciana Higachi, Alissana Ester Iakmiu Camargo, Janaina Favaro Soares, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Michael Berk, Seetal Dodd, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is a key factor in diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity and may occur in mood disorders and tobacco use disorder (TUD), where disturbances of immune-inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways are important shared pathophysiological pathways. METHODS: This study aimed to a) examine IR and β-cell function as measured by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity and β cell function (HOMA-B) and glucotoxicity (conceptualized as increased glucose levels versus lowered HOMA-B values) in 74 participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder, with and or without MetS and TUD, versus 46 healthy controls, and b) whether IR is associated with IO&NS biomarkers, including nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), C-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (Hp) and uric acid...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710870/self-changing-behaviour-in-smoking-cessation-linked-to-trait-and-cognitive-impulsivity
#10
Jaume Celma-Merola, Francesc Abella-Pons, Fernanda Mata, Gerard Pedra-Pagés, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To compare impulsivity, measured using self-report and cognitive tasks in people who ceased smoking without treatment (self-changers) with each of the following groups: (i) smoking non-treatment seekers, (ii) people in smoking cessation treatment and currently abstinent, and (iii) people in smoking cessation treatment but non-abstinent. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SETTING: The smoking cessation unit of a public general hospital, Hospital de Santa Maria, in Lleida, Spain...
July 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708737/factors-associated-with-sexual-health-and-well-being-in-older-adulthood
#11
Maria Kleinstäuber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update of recent studies on factors associated with sexual well being in older people with a special focus on sexual activity, satisfaction and function. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent studies confirmed the relationship between mental health status, especially negative affect and depressive symptoms, and sexual health in older adulthood. However, when this relationship is investigated more deeply, it seems that in fact positive psychological well being (positive affect and quality of life) accounts for sexual activity rather than the lack of depressive symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708121/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-sleep-behavior-fish-consumption-and-depressive-symptoms-in-the-general-population-of-south-korea
#12
Atin Supartini, Taro Oishi, Nobuyuki Yagi
Sleep, fish consumption, and depression have a close relationship; however, the role of sex differences in sleep, fish consumption, and depression research is not yet well-established. This study aimed to examine whether the impact of bedtime, sleep-onset latency, sleep duration, sleep quality, and fish consumption on depressive symptoms differed in women and men. An online survey was conducted in South Korea with a stratified random sample of 600 participants between the ages of 20 and 69, whose gender and age were proportional to estimates of Korea's general population...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704763/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-type-2-diabetes-associations-with-clinical-diabetes-measures-and-self-management-outcomes-in-the-norwegian-hunt-study
#13
Kiyuri Naicker, Simon Øverland, Jeffrey A Johnson, Douglas Manuel, Jens C Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if symptoms of depression and anxiety are differentially associated with clinical diabetes measures and self-management behaviours in individuals with Type 2 diabetes, and whether these associations vary by patient sex. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis using data from 2035 adults with Type 2 diabetes in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore associations between symptoms of depression and anxiety and waist girth, HDL cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, c-reactive protein, glycemic control, diet adherence, exercise, glucose monitoring, foot checks for ulcers, and the subjective patient experience...
July 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699806/fibromyalgia-as-a-cause-of-uncontrolled-asthma-a-case-controlled-multicenter-study
#14
Eva Martinez-Moragon, V Plaza, Isabel Torres, Ana Rosado, Isabel Urrutia, Xavier Casas, Belen Hinojosa, Marina Blanco-Aparicio, Julio Delgado, Santiago Quirce, Carles Sabadell, Pilar Cobellero, Ana Muñoz-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia can affect the control of asthma when both diseases are present in a single patient. OBJECTIVES: To characterize asthma in patients with concomitant fibromyalgia to assess whether fibromyalgia is an independent factor of asthma severity that influences upon poor asthma control. We also evaluated how dyspnea is perceived by the patients in order to demonstrate that alterations in the perception of airway obstruction may be responsible for poor asthma control...
July 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698378/haploid-selection-within-a-single-ejaculate-increases-offspring-fitness
#15
Ghazal Alavioon, Cosima Hotzy, Khriezhanuo Nakhro, Sandra Rudolf, Douglas G Scofield, Susanne Zajitschek, Alexei A Maklakov, Simone Immler
An inescapable consequence of sex in eukaryotes is the evolution of a biphasic life cycle with alternating diploid and haploid phases. The occurrence of selection during the haploid phase can have far-reaching consequences for fundamental evolutionary processes including the rate of adaptation, the extent of inbreeding depression, and the load of deleterious mutations, as well as for applied research into fertilization technology. Although haploid selection is well established in plants, current dogma assumes that in animals, intact fertile sperm within a single ejaculate are equivalent at siring viable offspring...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698221/patellar-and-achilles-tendinopathies-are-predominantly-peripheral-pain-states-a-blinded-case-control-study-of-somatosensory-and-psychological-profiles
#16
Melanie L Plinsinga, Cornelis P van Wilgen, Michel S Brink, Viana Vuvan, Aoife Stephenson, Luke J Heales, Rebecca Mellor, Brooke K Coombes, Bill T Vicenzino
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control design. BACKGROUND: Tendinopathy is characterised by pain on tendon loading. In persistent cases of upper limb tendinopathy, it is frequently associated with central nervous system sensitisation, whereas less commonly linked in the case of persistent lower limb tendinopathies. OBJECTIVES: Compare somatosensory and psychological profiles of participants with persistent patellar (PT) and Achilles tendinopathies (AT) with pain-free controls...
July 11, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696435/a-direct-test-of-the-diathesis-stress-model-for-depression
#17
L Colodro-Conde, B Couvy-Duchesne, G Zhu, W L Coventry, E M Byrne, S Gordon, M J Wright, G W Montgomery, P A F Madden, S Ripke, L J Eaves, A C Heath, N R Wray, S E Medland, N G Martin
The diathesis-stress theory for depression states that the effects of stress on the depression risk are dependent on the diathesis or vulnerability, implying multiplicative interactive effects on the liability scale. We used polygenic risk scores for major depressive disorder (MDD) calculated from the results of the most recent analysis from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium as a direct measure of the vulnerability for depression in a sample of 5221 individuals from 3083 families. In the same we also had measures of stressful life events and social support and a depression symptom score, as well as DSM-IV MDD diagnoses for most individuals...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695280/effect-of-post-weaning-isolation-on-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behaviors-of-c57bl-6j-mice
#18
Qian Huang, Ying Zhou, Lin-Yun Liu
Effects of post-weaning isolation on depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors in rodents have been well studied in the past. However, few studies included both sexes in a single experiment to study the sex difference in this animal model. The present study investigated the effect of post-weaning isolation on anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors in both male and female C57BL/6 J mice. Mice were individually or grouped housed from postnatal day 21 for 5 weeks until behavioral tests began. The results showed that social isolation resulted in increased anxiety in the open field...
July 10, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694824/burden-and-correlates-of-falls-among-rural-elders-of-south-india-mobility-and-independent-living-in-elders-study
#19
Pawan Kumar Sharma, Clareann H Bunker, Tushar Singh, Enakshi Ganguly, P Sudhakar Reddy, Anne B Newman, Jane A Cauley
AIM: Falls are an important contributor to loss of function, morbidity, and mortality in elders. Little is known about falls in Indian populations. The objective of this cross-sectional report was to identify the prevalence and correlates of falls in a cohort of 562 rural southern Indian men and women. METHODS: Risk factors included demographics, anthropometrics, self-reported health, medical history, physical function, vision, depression, and lifestyle. Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691719/narcolepsy-type-1-and-hypersomnia-associated-with-a-psychiatric-disorder-show-different-slow-wave-activity-dynamics
#20
Ewa Walacik-Ufnal, Anna Justyna Piotrowska, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Piotr Januszko, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Marcin Ufnal, Marek Kabat, Marcin Wojnar
The aim of the study was to compare electrophysiological parameters of night sleep in narcolepsy type 1 and hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder. Fortyfour patients: 15 with narcolepsy type 1, 14 with hypersomnia associated with a psychiatric disorder and 15 age- and sex-matched controls participated in the study. The study subjects filled in the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The severity of daytime sleepiness was quantified subjectively using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and the Stanford Sleepiness Scale (SSS), and objectively using the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)...
2017: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis
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