keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Elevated lipase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331050/exercise-counteracts-lipotoxicity-by-improving-lipid-turnover-and-lipid-droplet-quality
#1
Evelyn Zacharewicz, Matthijs K C Hesselink, Patrick Schrauwen
The incidence of obesity and metabolic disease, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), are rising globally. Dietary lipid over-supply leads to lipid accumulation at ectopic sites, such as skeletal muscle. Ectopic lipid storage is highly correlated with insulin resistance and T2D, likely due to a loss of metabolic flexibility - the capacity to switch between fat and glucose oxidation upon insulin stimulation - and cellular dysfunction because of lipotoxicity. However, muscle lipid levels are also elevated in endurance trained athletes, presenting a paradoxical phenotype of increased intramuscular lipids along with high insulin sensitivity - the "athletes' paradox"...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319514/characterization-of-bacteriocin-producing-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-native-fruits-of-ecuadorian-amazon
#2
Karina Garzón, Clara Ortega, Gabriela N Tenea
Tropical, wild-type fruits are considered biodiverse "hotspots" of microorganisms with possible functional characteristics to be investigated. In this study, several native lactic acid bacteria (LAB) of Ecuadorian Amazon showing highly inhibitory potential were identified and characterized. Based on carbohydrate fermentation profile and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, seven strains were assigned as Lactobacillus plantarum and one strain as Weissella confusa. Using agar-well diffusion method the active synthetized components released in the neutralized and hydroxide peroxide eliminated cell-free supernatant were inhibited by proteolytic enzymes, while the activity was maintained stable after the treatment with catalase, lysozyme, α-amylase and lipase suggesting their proteinaceous nature...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302509/a-novel-homozygous-lipa-mutation-in-a-korean-child-with-lysosomal-acid-lipase-deficiency
#3
Kwang Yeon Kim, Ju Whi Kim, Kyung Jae Lee, Eunhyang Park, Gyeong Hoon Kang, Young Hun Choi, Woo Sun Kim, Jung Min Ko, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko
Patients with lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) deficiency and glycogen storage disease (GSD) demonstrated hepatomegaly and dyslipidemia. In our case, a 6-year-old boy presented with hepatosplenomegaly. At 3 years of age, GSD had been diagnosed by liver biopsy at another hospital. He showed elevated serum liver enzymes and dyslipidemia. Liver biopsy revealed diffuse microvesicular fatty changes in hepatocytes, septal fibrosis and foamy macrophages. Ultrastructural examination demonstrated numerous lysosomes that contained lipid material and intracytoplasmic cholesterol clefts...
December 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299374/probable-paclitaxel-induced-pancreatitis-uncommon-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Hanan Raiss, Lamiae El Amarti, Jean Dominique Tigaud, Mohamed Layachi, Amandine Bruyas, Saber Boutayeb, Hassan Errihani
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas characterized by upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, with elevated serum amylase or lipase. Gallstones and alcohol are the two main etiologies; drug-induced pancreatitis is uncommon. Paclitaxel associated with pancreatitis is very rare and since that time, only seven case reports have been published. We report a case of a 54-year-old female who developed an acute pancreatitis after administration of the first cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel (175 mg/m2 over 3 h) and carboplatin (AUC 6) for ovarian adenocarcinoma...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288934/microplastics-have-a-more-profound-impact-than-elevated-temperatures-on-the-predatory-performance-digestion-and-energy-metabolism-of-an-amazonian-cichlid
#5
Bin Wen, Nan Zhang, Shi-Rong Jin, Zai-Zhong Chen, Jian-Zhong Gao, Ying Liu, Han-Peng Liu, Zhe Xu
Knowledge on the impacts of microplastics (MPs) pollution on freshwater environments and biota remains limited. Meanwhile, freshwater ecosystems have been threatened by elevated temperatures caused by climate change. To date, no information exists on how MPs-especially under elevated temperature conditions-affect predatory performance, digestive processes and metabolic pathways in freshwater organisms. Here, we examined MPs, elevated temperature and their combined effects on juveniles (0+ group) of an Amazonian cichlid, the discus fish (Symphysodon aequifasciatus)...
December 26, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285672/stimulatory-effect-of-dietary-taurine-on-growth-performance-digestive-enzymes-activity-antioxidant-capacity-and-tolerance-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l-fry-to-salinity-stress
#6
Mohsen Abdel-Tawwab, Mohamed N Monier
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of dietary taurine (Tau) on performance, digestive enzymes, antioxidant activity, and resistance of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., fry to salinity stress. Fish (0.97 ± 0.033 g) were fed on different taurine levels of 0.0 (control), 5, 10, 15, or 20 g/kg diet up to satiation twice daily for 8 weeks. At the end of the feeding trial, fish were stressed by exposure to 10 ppt salinity for 3 days during which fish mortality was observed. Fish performance was significantly (P < 0...
December 28, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282281/unbalanced-lipolysis-results-in-lipotoxicity-and-mitochondrial-damage-in-peroxisome-deficient-pex19-mutants
#7
Margret H Bülow, Christian Wingen, Deniz Senyilmaz, Dominic Gosejacob, Mariangela Sociale, Reinhard Bauer, Heike Schulze, Konrad Sandhoff, Aurelio A Teleman, Michael Hoch, Julia Sellin
Inherited Peroxisomal biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are characterized by the absence of functional peroxisomes. They are caused by mutations of peroxisomal biogenesis factors encoded by PEX genes, and result in childhood lethality. Due to the many metabolic functions fulfilled by peroxisomes, PBD pathology is complex and incompletely understood. Besides accumulation of peroxisomal educts (like very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) or branched chain fatty acids) and lack of products (like bile acids or plasmalogens), many peroxisomal defects lead to detrimental mitochondrial abnormalities for unknown reasons...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241388/hypercalcemia-induced-pancreatitis-in-pregnancy-following-calcium-carbonate-ingestion
#8
May S Trezevant, John C Winton, Ashley K Holmes
BACKGROUND: Calcium carbonate is often used to relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) in pregnant patients. This report describes a potentially serious complication. CASE: A pregnant female presented at 34 weeks gestation with abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Home medications included an unquantifiable amount of calcium carbonate 500 mg due to constant consumption for GERD. Laboratory findings included elevated calcium, amylase, lipase, and triglyceride level...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230341/pancreatic-laceration-in-a-pediatric-patient-an-unexpected-diagnosis
#9
Michelle J Hong, Lauren M Porter, Debra D Esernio-Jenssen, Andrew C Miller, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Pediatric pancreatic injuries are rare. We present an atypical case that occurred in a 4-year-old male. The child presented with a twenty-four-hour history of vomiting that had progressed to right lower quadrant abdominal pain on examination in the emergency department. The initial differential was gastroenteritis versus appendicitis. An abnormality on the ultrasonography and an elevated lipase level eventually led to an MRI showing a complete transection through the posterior margin of the pancreas. The patient was admitted to pediatric surgery and underwent a successful distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the spleen...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222221/acute-pancreatitis-following-oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
#10
Nnamdi Arinze Nwafo
Acute pancreatitis is a well-recognised complication of endoscopic procedures like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography but not oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD). I report a case of a 33-year-old woman, admitted with severe epigastric pain and vomiting 2 hours after an elective OGD for evaluation of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms. Pancreatitis was diagnosed on the basis of elevated lipase (40 790 U/L; normal 11-82) and findings on imaging studies. Other common causes of acute pancreatitis such as gallstones, alcohol and medications were ruled out...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217288/avelumab-in-metastatic-urothelial-carcinoma-after-platinum-failure-javelin-solid-tumor-pooled-results-from-two-expansion-cohorts-of-an-open-label-phase-1-trial
#11
Manish R Patel, John Ellerton, Jeffrey R Infante, Manish Agrawal, Michael Gordon, Raid Aljumaily, Carolyn D Britten, Luc Dirix, Keun-Wook Lee, Mathew Taylor, Patrick Schöffski, Ding Wang, Alain Ravaud, Arnold B Gelb, Junyuan Xiong, Galit Rosen, James L Gulley, Andrea B Apolo
BACKGROUND: The approval of anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and anti-programmed death 1 agents has expanded treatment options for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Avelumab, a human monoclonal anti-PD-L1 antibody, has shown promising antitumour activity and safety in this disease. We aimed to assess the safety profile in patients (both post-platinum therapy and cisplatin-naive) treated with avelumab and to assess antitumour activity of this drug in post-platinum patients...
December 4, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203526/caveolin-1-regulates-lipid-droplet-metabolism-in-endothelial-cells-via-autocrine-prostacyclin-stimulated-camp-mediated-lipolysis
#12
Andrew Kuo, Monica Y Lee, Kui Yang, Richard W Gross, William C Sessa
Lipid droplets (LD) are dynamic organelles involved in intracellular lipid metabolism in almost all eukaryotic cells and LD associated proteins tightly regulate their dynamics. One LD coat proteins is caveolin-1 (Cav-1), an essential component for caveolae assembly in highly differentiated cells including adipocytes, smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells (EC). However, the role of Cav-1 in LD dynamics is unclear. Here, we report that EC lacking Cav-1 exhibit impaired LD formation. The decreased LD formation was due to due to enhanced  lipolysis, and not caused by reduced triglyceride synthesis or fatty acid uptake...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201486/gallstone-pancreatitis-a-common-but-often-overlooked-cause-of-abdominal-pain-in-post-liver-transplant-patients
#13
Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Kamolyut Lapumnuaypol, Sanna Fatima, Eyob Feyssa
Introduction: In general population, gallstone pancreatitis is the most common cause of pancreatitis. However, there are very few literatures that address this topic in post-liver-transplant patients. Clinical Case: A 69-year-old female who had a liver transplant in 2015 due to hepatocellular carcinoma and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cirrhosis. She had a recent episode of acute cellular rejection that was treated with high dose methylprednisolone 1 week prior to admission...
2017: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183623/role-of-angiopoietin-like-3-angptl3-in-regulating-plasma-level-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol
#14
Yu-Xin Xu, Valeska Redon, Haojie Yu, William Querbes, James Pirruccello, Abigail Liebow, Amy Deik, Kevin Trindade, Xiao Wang, Kiran Musunuru, Clary B Clish, Chad Cowan, Kevin Fizgerald, Daniel Rader, Sekar Kathiresan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3) has emerged as a key regulator of lipoprotein metabolism in humans. Homozygous loss of ANGPTL3 function causes familial combined hypolipidemia characterized by low plasma levels of triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). While known effects of ANGPTL3 in inhibiting lipoprotein lipase and endothelial lipase contribute to the low TG and HDL-C, respectively, the basis of low LDL-C remains unclear...
September 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183610/chlorine-dioxide-enhances-lipid-peroxidation-through-inhibiting-calcium-independent-cellular-pla2-in-larvae-of-the-indianmeal-moth-plodia-interpunctella
#15
REVIEW
Gyung Deok Han, Jahyun Na, Yong Shik Chun, Sunil Kumar, Wook Kim, Yonggyun Kim
Polyunsaturated fatty acids usually undergo lipid peroxidation induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Calcium-independent cellular phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) can maintain fatty acid compositions in phospholipids depending on physiological conditions. An insect iPLA2 (Pi-iPLA2) was predicted from the transciptome of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella. It encodes 835 amino acids. It possesses five ankyrin repeats in the N terminal and patatin lipase domain in the C terminal. Pi-iPLA2 was expressed in all developmental stages of the Indianmeal moth...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176657/dyslipidaemia-in-nephrotic-syndrome-mechanisms-and-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Shipra Agrawal, Joshua J Zaritsky, Alessia Fornoni, William E Smoyer
Nephrotic syndrome is a highly prevalent disease that is associated with high morbidity despite notable advances in its treatment. Many of the complications of nephrotic syndrome, including the increased risk of atherosclerosis and thromboembolism, can be linked to dysregulated lipid metabolism and dyslipidaemia. These abnormalities include elevated plasma levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and the apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins VLDL and IDL; decreased lipoprotein lipase activity in the endothelium, muscle and adipose tissues; decreased hepatic lipase activity; and increased levels of the enzyme PCSK9...
November 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175050/vacuolar-protein-sorting-13c-is-a-novel-lipid-droplet-protein-that-inhibits-lipolysis-in-brown-adipocytes
#17
Vanesa D Ramseyer, Victoria A Kimler, James G Granneman
OBJECTIVE: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis depends on the mobilization and oxidation of fatty acids from intracellular lipid droplets (LD) within brown adipocytes (BAs); however, the identity and function of LD proteins that control BAT lipolysis remain incomplete. Proteomic analysis of mouse BAT subcellular fractions identified vacuolar protein sorting 13C (VPS13C) as a novel LD protein. The aim of this work was to investigate the role of VPS13C on BA LDs. METHODS: Biochemical fractionation and high resolution confocal and immuno-transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to determine the subcellular distribution of VPS13C in mouse BAT, white adipose tissue, and BA cell culture...
November 12, 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174344/the-role-of-plasma-lipoprotein-lipase-hepatic-lipase-and-gpihbp1-in-the-metabolism-of-remnant-lipoproteins-and-small-dense-ldl-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Yuji Muraba, Takafumi Koga, Yohnosuke Shimomura, Yasuki Ito, Yuko Hirao, Junji Kobayashi, Takao Kimura, Katsuyuki Nakajima, Masami Murakami
BACKGROUND: The relationship between plasma lipoprotein lipase (LPL), hepatic triglyceride lipase (HTGL), glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored HDL binding protein1 (GPIHBP1) concentration and the metabolism of remnant lipoproteins (RLP) and small dense LDL (sdLDL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is not fully elucidated. METHODS: One hundred patients who underwent coronary angiography were enrolled. The plasma LPL, HTGL and GPIHBP1 concentrations were determined by ELISA...
November 21, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171003/inhibition-of-monoacylglycerol-lipase-terminates-diazepam-resistant-status-epilepticus-in-mice-and-its-effects-are-potentiated-by-a-ketogenic-diet
#19
Gaetano Terrone, Alberto Pauletti, Alessia Salamone, Massimo Rizzi, Bianca R Villa, Luca Porcu, Mark J Sheehan, Edward Guilmette, Christopher R Butler, Justin R Piro, Tarek A Samad, Annamaria Vezzani
OBJECTIVE: Status epilepticus (SE) is a life-threatening and commonly drug-refractory condition. Novel therapies are needed to rapidly terminate seizures to prevent mortality and morbidity. Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) is the key enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and a major contributor to the brain pool of arachidonic acid (AA). Inhibiting of monoacylglycerol lipase modulates synaptic activity and neuroinflammation, 2 mediators of excessive neuronal activation underlying seizures...
November 24, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158768/acute-pancreatitis-in-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-caused-by-coxsackievirus-a16-case-report
#20
Byungsung Park, Hyuckjin Kwon, Kwanseop Lee, Minjae Kang
Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16), which primarily causes hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), is associated with complications, such as encephalitis, acute flaccid paralysis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and shock. However, no case of pancreatitis associated with CA16 has been reported in children. We report a case of CA16-associated acute pancreatitis in a 3-year-old girl with HFMD. She was admitted because of poor oral intake and high fever for 1 day. Maculopapular rashes on both hands and feet and multiple vesicles on the soft palate were observed on physical examination...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
72015
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"