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Health policy, health care financing, decentralization of health care, health information system

Aimable Mbituyumuremyi, Jennifer Ilo Van Nuil, Jeanne Umuhire, Jules Mugabo, Mutagoma Mwumvaneza, Jean Damascene Makuza, Justine Umutesi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Neil Gupta
With the introduction of direct-acting antiviral drugs, treatment of hepatitis C is both highly effective and tolerable. Access to treatment for patients, however, remains limited in low- and middle-income countries due to the lack of supportive health infrastructure and the high cost of treatment. Poorer countries are being encouraged by international bodies to organize public health responses that would facilitate the roll-out of care and treatment on a national scale. Yet few countries have documented formal plans and policies...
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Jorge Otávio Maia Barreto, Nathan Mendes Souza
Evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) can optimize health services and systems. EIDM involves defining problems, identifying measures to tackle them, assessing the quality of global and local evidence and translating it for the main stakeholders in line with social values and laws. Brazil encourages the use of EIDM in health policy in Piripiri, a municipality of 61,840 inhabitants in the country's poorest region, and launched Brazil's first Evidence Use in Health Care (NEv) center in 2010. The development and preliminary results of the NEv center are reported and its vision, composition, mandate, and activities are presented...
January 2013: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Andra Morrison
Canada has a highly decentralized health care system with 13 provinces and territories delivering health care within their own respective jurisdictions. Decisions regarding which innovative health technologies to adopt are often driven by the unique health care priorities of each jurisdiction's population. To understand these needs, the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health's (CADTH's) Early Awareness Service has expanded its activities. In addition to proactively scanning the horizon for new and emerging health technologies, the Early Awareness Service also scans the horizon for national and jurisdictional health policy issues...
July 2012: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Bounlay Phommasack, Lathiphone Oula, Oukeo Khounthalivong, Inlavanh Keobounphanh, Thongvansy Misavadh, Loun, Phonpaseuth Oudomphone, Chanphomma Vongsamphanh, Erik Blas
In Lao PDR, lack of skilled manpower and financial resources in the central government, plus the policy urging local authorities to be self-sufficient and self-reliant caused the central government to decentralize all sectors to the provincial level in 1987. After 1987, the provinces took over all responsibilities such as planning, financing and provision of health services, only informing the Ministry of Health (MOH) about their activities. Because of economic differences between the 18 provinces, health services became unequal between the richer and poorer provinces...
March 2005: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Andreas Kalk, Klaus Fleischer
Decentralization policies are an integrated component of health sector reform in an increasing number of countries. The ability of such policies to improve the health system's quality and efficiency is backed up by limited scientific evidence. This study intends to evaluate the impact of decentralization on a specialized field of disease control (leprosy control) in Colombia and Brazil. It analyses the respective juridical base, epidemiological indicators and local publications. Furthermore, 39 semi-structured interviews with key informants were conducted...
March 2004: Leprosy Review
John L Fiedler, Javier Suazo
Decentralization is commonly championed as a means for achieving equity. To date, however, there has been little discussion of the mechanisms underlying this relationship, and several of the few empirical investigations that have addressed the topic have found the converse; that decentralization has exacerbated inequalities. This article examines the performance and equity in financing of the Honduras Ministry of Health's (MOH) decentralized user fee system. The MOH of Honduras established a national user fee policy in 1989...
December 2002: Health Policy and Planning
A I Goldberg
Home care for persons who require the prolonged use of life-supportive medical technology is a reality in several nations. France has had more than a quarter of a century of experience with providing home care for patients with chronic respiratory insufficiency and with a system to evaluate the patients' outcomes. The French approach features decentralized regional organizations which offer grassroots involvement by the beneficiaries who participate directly in the system. Since June 1981, a national organization has provided patients, professionals, and others concerned with direct access to national funding authorities and governmental officials and has created a data base for evaluation of the experience...
July 1989: Public Health Reports
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