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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426322/formative-research-to-design-a-promotional-campaign-to-increase-drinking-water-among-central-american-latino-youth-in-an-urban-area
#1
Nicole Barrett, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Allison Elkins, Ivonne Rivera, W Douglas Evans, Mark Edberg
Latinos consume more sugary drinks and less water than other demographic groups. Our objective was to understand beverage choice motivations and test promotional concepts that can encourage Central American Latino urban youth to drink more water. Two rounds of focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 focus groups, 61 participants, 6-18 years old). Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive coding approaches. Youth motivations for drinking water were shaped by level of thirst, weather, energy, and perceptions of health benefits...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426239/performance-of-an-artificial-pancreas-system-for-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Mark D DeBoer, Marc D Breton, Christian Wakeman, Elaine M Schertz, Emma G Emory, Jessica L Robic, Laura L Kollar, Boris P Kovatchev, Daniel R Cherñavvsky
BACKGROUND: Young children 5-8 years old with type 1 diabetes (T1D) exhibit clear needs for improved glycemic control but may be limited in their ability to safely interact with an artificial pancreas system. Our goal was to evaluate the safety and performance of an artificial pancreas (AP) system among young children with T1D. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In a randomized, crossover trial, children with T1D age 5-8 years were enrolled to receive on separate study periods (in random order) either the UVa AP using the DiAs Control Platform software with child-resistant lock-out screens (followed as an out-patient admission) or their usual insulin pump+continuous glucose monitor (CGM) care at home...
April 20, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425373/calm-child-programme
#3
Ereny Gobrial, Raghu Raghavan
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more vulnerable to experiencing anxiety disorders. Parental involvement in intervention is crucial for successful management of the interventions in the population of people with ASDs. This article describes the design and evaluation of parenting programme for anxiety disorders in children and young people with ASD and ID. In phase 1 semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore management strategies for anxiety at home and in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423918/expanding-the-palliative-care-domains-to-meet-the-needs-of-a-community-based-supportive-care-model
#4
Eric W Anderson, Monica S Frazer, Sandra E Schellinger
BACKGROUND: Whole person care is appropriate for seriously ill persons. The current framework of palliative care domains in the National Consensus Project (NCP) Guidelines for Quality Palliative Care offers an opportunity to reassess the domains of care delivered at home, earlier in the course of illness. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study was used to test the applicability of a proposed, expanded set of domains. The results were used to inform a home-based, upstream model of supportive care for serious illness...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423759/developing-the-safety-case-for-medipi-an-open-source-platform-for-self-management
#5
Andrew Carr, Damian Murphy, Ian Dugdale, Anne Dyson, Ibrahim Habli, Richard Robinson
mHealth and Telehealth technologies are increasingly used to provide personalised, interactive and timely access to health data, thereby helping patients take a more active role in their care process. However, similar to any intervention, the use of these technologies has to be assured to justify that they do not compromise patient safety. In this paper, we discuss the development of a safety case for MediPi; a research prototype for a low-cost open-source digital platform that collects physiological data from patients, at home, and makes it available to decision-support systems used by clinicians...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422540/evaluating-barriers-to-bystander-cpr-among-laypersons-before-and-after-compression-only-cpr-training
#6
Andrew J Bouland, Megan H Halliday, Angela C Comer, Matthew J Levy, Kevin G Seaman, Benjamin J Lawner
OBJECTIVE: Bystander CPR is an essential part of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survival. EMS and public safety jurisdictions have embraced initiatives to teach compression-only CPR to laypersons in order to increase rates of bystander CPR. We examined barriers to bystander CPR amongst laypersons participating in community compression-only CPR training and the ability of the training to alleviate these barriers. The barriers analyzed include fear of litigation, risk of disease transmission, fear of hurting someone as a result of doing CPR when unnecessary, and fear of hurting someone as a result of doing CPR incorrectly...
April 19, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422516/exergaming-through-the-eyes-of-patients-with-heart-failure-a-qualitative-content-analysis-study
#7
Leonie Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Jan Mårtensson, Anna Strömberg
OBJECTIVE: Exergaming appears to be a promising tool to increase exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Therefore, it is important to obtain more in-depth knowledge about preferences, attitudes, use, and abilities in regard to exergaming. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of patients with HF when using an exergame platform at home. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study using content analysis was conducted on interviews with 14 patients with HF (6 women, ages ranging between 56 and 81 years)...
April 19, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421691/the-impact-of-maternal-employment-on-children-s-adiposity-evidence-from-china-s-labor-policy-reform
#8
Young Jo, Qing Wang
BACKGROUND: China has experienced a rapid growth in childhood adiposity in recent years. Although a large number of studies examine the effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in developed countries, only a few studies investigate the issue in developing countries. Moreover, existing studies tend to suffer from a potential endogeneity issue. AIMS: We provide new evidence on the causal effect of maternal employment on children's adiposity in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employ a difference-in-difference strategy that takes advantage of China's 1995 legislative change to labor regulations, which reduced the number of workdays from 6 to 5 days per week...
April 19, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421651/self-management-of-first-trimester-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-experiences
#9
Carrie Purcell, Sharon Cameron, Julia Lawton, Anna Glasier, Jeni Harden
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of women in Scotland who return home to complete medical termination of pregnancy (TOP) ≤63 days of gestation, after being administered with mifepristone and misoprostol at an NHS TOP clinic. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: One National Health Service health board (administrative) area in Scotland. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Women in Scotland who had undergone medical TOP ≤63 days, and self-managed passing the pregnancy at home; recruited from three clinics in on NHS health board area between January and July 2014...
April 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421426/decision-making-preferences-among-older-hispanics-participating-in-a-colorectal-cancer-crc-screening-program
#10
Jennifer C Molokwu, Eribeth Penaranda, Navkiran Shokar
Shared decision making has been shown to improve patients experience and satisfaction with care within the health care setting but it is not clear that all patients want to play an active role in health care decisions. The aim of this study is to describe general decision control preferences among a predominantly Spanish speaking Hispanic population. This is a cross-sectional study using the Control Preference Scale to assess decision-making preference. A total of 780 subjects completed the survey (response rate 89...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421308/an-intelligent-remote-monitoring-system-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients
#11
Yunus Msayib, Patrick Gaydecki, Michael Callaghan, Nicola Dale, Sheheera Ismail
For the first six weeks following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), a patient will attend an outpatient clinic typically seen twice weekly. Here, an exercise regime is performed and improvement assessed using a hand held goniometer that measures the maximum angle of knee flexion, an important metric of progress. Additionally a series of daily exercises is performed at home, recorded in a diary. This protocol has problems. Patients must attend the hospital with assistance since they are not permitted to drive for six weeks following the procedure; appointments are sometimes missed; there are occasionally not enough physiotherapy appointment available; furthermore, it is difficult to be sure that patients are compliant with their exercises at home...
June 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419875/falls-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-prospective-comparison-of-community-and-home-based-falls
#12
Robyn M Lamont, Meg E Morris, Hylton B Menz, Jennifer L McGinley, Sandra G Brauer
BACKGROUND: Falls are common and debilitating in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and restrict participation in daily activities. Understanding circumstances of falls in the community and at home may assist clinicians to target therapy more effectively. OBJECTIVE: To compare the characteristics of community and home fallers and the circumstances that contribute to falls in people living with PD. METHODS: People with mild-moderately severe PD (n=196) used a daily falls diary and telephone hotline to report prospectively the occurrence, location and circumstances of falls over 14 months...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419729/prevalence-and-predictors-of-patient-non-adherence-to-pharmacological-acute-pain-therapy-at-home-after-day-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Björn Stessel, Maurice Theunissen, Marco A Marcus, Elbert A Joosten, Sander M J van Kuijk, Audrey A A Fiddelers, Madelon L Peters, Daisy M N Hoofwijk, Wolfgang F F A Buhre, Hans-Fritz Gramke
BACKGROUND: Good adherence to prescribed analgesics can be crucial to suppress or even prevent acute postoperative pain after day surgery. The aim of this study was to analyze prevalence and predictors of analgesic non-adherence after day surgery METHODS: Elective patients scheduled for day surgery were prospectively enrolled from November 2008 to April 2010. Outcome parameters were measured by using questionnaire packages at two time points: one week preoperatively and four days postoperatively...
April 18, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419385/development-and-feasibility-of-a-group-based-therapeutic-yoga-program-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#14
Alison J Huang, Tami S Rowen, Priscilla Abercrombie, Leslee L Subak, Michael Schembri, Traci Plaut, Maria T Chao
Objective.:  To develop a group-based therapeutic yoga program for women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and explore the effects of this program on pain severity, sexual function, and well-being. Methods.:  A yoga therapy program for CPP was developed by a multidisciplinary panel of clinicians, researchers, and yoga consultants. Women reporting moderate to severe pelvic pain for at least six months were recruited into a single-arm trial. Participants attended twice weekly group classes focusing on Iyengar-based yoga techniques and were instructed to practice yoga at home an hour a week for six weeks...
April 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418805/public-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-in-public-places-in-ottawa-canada
#15
Katherine Russell, Amira Ali
BACKGROUND: In Ontario, Canada, breastfeeding in public is a protected right, yet even with these laws, attitudes toward breastfeeding in public can serve as a barrier to breastfeeding. Research aim: This study assesses public support for breastfeeding in public among adults in Ottawa, Ontario, and examines sociodemographic associations with negative attitudes toward public breastfeeding. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System (RRFSS), a population health telephone survey, were obtained for Ottawa...
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418415/-role-of-the-oral-care-provider-to-call-attention-to-child-abuse
#16
R J M Gruythuysen, J M Wiggelendam
The focus on child abuse has increased in recent years. In 2015, the Royal Dutch Association of Dentists (KNMT) revised the Sign Code 'child abuse and domestic violence'. The core of the Sign Code is formed by the compulsory 5-step action plan for the signalling of, among other things, (a suspicion of) child abuse that must be followed. Dealing professionally with child abuse places high demands on the knowledge and communication skills of the health care provider. If the demands are met, the health care provider is by law adequately protected against complaints...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418208/accuracy-of-self-collected-human-papillomavirus-samples-from-japanese-women-with-abnormal-cervical-cytology
#17
Kawano-Yashiro Aiko, Motoki Yoko, Oba Mari Saito, Asano Ryoko, Maruyama Yasuyo, Asai-Sato Mikiko, Yamanaka Takeharu, Hirahara Fumiki, Miyagi Etsuko
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of self-collected vaginal samples compared with physician-collected cervical samples for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in Japanese women with abnormal cervical cytology. We also assessed the acceptability of self-collected HPV (sHPV) testing using a questionnaire. METHODS: Women aged 20-69 years (n = 136) attending Yokohama City University Hospital because of abnormal cervical cytology between April 2014 and January 2015 were enrolled in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417104/combined-bifrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-tailor-made-notched-music-training-in-chronic-tinnitus
#18
Ho Yun Lee, Myoung Su Choi, Dong Sik Chang, Chin-Saeng Cho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the short-term treatment outcomes of combined bifrontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and tailor-made notched music training (TMNMT) in tinnitus patients. The associations of patient characteristics with treatment responsiveness were investigated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four sessions of bifrontal tDCS (F4: anode, F3: cathode) and TMNMT were conducted over a 2-week period in tinnitus patients. For tDCS, the stimulation intensity was 1...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#19
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415999/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-telephone-based-social-support-intervention-for-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-study-protocol-of-the-talking-time-project
#20
Martin Berwig, Martin Nikolaus Dichter, Bernd Albers, Katharina Wermke, Diana Trutschel, Swantje Seismann-Petersen, Margareta Halek
BACKGROUND: Caring for people with dementia at home requires a significant amount of time, organization, and commitment. Therefore, informal caregivers, mainly relatives, of people with dementia often feel a high burden. Although on-site support groups are known to have positive effects on the subjective well-being (SWB) and perceived social support of informal caregivers, there are cases in which relatives have either no time or no opportunity to leave the person alone or in which there are no support groups nearby...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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