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Ferulic acid

Alaini Priebe, Megan Hunke, Raquel Tonello, Yogesh Sonawane, Temugin Berta, Amarnath Natarajan, Nattamai Bhuvanesh, Mahesh Pattabiraman, Surabhi Chandra
Purpose: Search for alternate pain medications has gained more importance in the past few years due to adverse effects associated with currently prescribed drugs including nervous system dysfunction with opioids, gastrointestinal discomfort with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and cardiovascular anomalies with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors. Phytomedicine has been explored for the treatment of pain, as these have been used for generations in regional communities and tend to lack major side effects in general...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Qianyu Yue, Lili Xu, Guangqing Xiang, Xin Yu, Yuxin Yao
Gene expression profile, phenolic composition and antioxidant capacity were evaluated in red-fleshed berries and their wines (RF berries and wines) from new grape genotypes. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that ten metabolic pathways involved in polyphenol synthesis and catabolism were significantly altered, and 13 genes related to the biosynthesis and transport of phenolics were largely up-regulated in RF berries compared to that of Cabernet Sauvignon (CS). Expression of MybA1 was associated with anthocyanin accumulation in red flesh...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Hari Madhuri Doss, Snigdha Samarpita, Ramamoorthi Ganesan, Mahaboobkhan Rasool
AIMS: Bone erosion induced by enhanced osteoclast formation is a debilitating pathological phenomenon in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recent finding has revealed that ferulic acid is associated with reduced osteoclast differentiation and bone erosion. However, the underlying mechanism through which ferulic acid inhibited osteoclast differentiation and bone erosion still remains to be elucidated. This study assessed the therapeutic effects of ferulic acid on osteoclast differentiation and bone erosion by targeting RANKL dependent NF-κB pathway...
June 14, 2018: Life Sciences
Wei Lei, Jianan Ni, Xueting Xia, Min Jiang, Gang Bai
Coronary heart disease is a vital cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are important drugs that can be used to treat cardiovascular diseases. Suxiao Jiuxin Pill (SX), a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used as an emergency drug for coronary heart disease therapy. However, understanding its potential mechanism in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+ ]i ) modulation remains a challenge. To identify the active pharmacological ingredients (APIs) and reveal a novel combination therapy for ameliorating cardiovascular diseases, the ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS) combined with a dual-luciferase reporter [Ca2+ ]i assay system was applied...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Thuy Le, Hiroki Maki, Emiko Okazaki, Kazufumi Osako, Kigen Takahashi
Influence of various phenolic compounds on physical properties and antioxidant activity of gelatin film from horse mackerel Trachurus japonicus scales was investigated. Tensile strength (TS) of the film was enhanced whereas elongation at break was declined by adding 1% to 5% phenolic compounds. Rutin was the most effective to improve the TS compared to the other tested phenolic compounds including ferulic acid, caffeic acid, gallic acid, and catechin. Gelatin films with the phenolic compounds showed the excellent UV barrier properties...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Shuai Shao, Yue Gao, Jianxiang Liu, Mei Tian, Qiao Gou, Xu Su
Cell death and tissue injury occur as a result of radiation accidents and radiotherapy. The role of endothelial cell damage in mediating radiation-induced acute tissue injury has been extensively studied. We previously demonstrated that ferulic acid (FA) mitigates radiation-induced hematopoietic injury in mice and lessens radiation-induced oxidative damage in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The purpose of the current study was to determine whether FA can protect HUVECs from radiation toxicity in a cell model via the thrombomodulin (Thbd) pathway, an anti-radiation pathway with anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties...
June 14, 2018: Radiation Research
Maria Irakli, Fotis Kleisiaris, Kalliopi Kadoglidou, Dimitrios Katsantonis
Rice by-products are extensively abundant agricultural wastes from the rice industry. This study was designed to optimize experimental conditions for maximum recovery of free and bound phenolic compounds from rice by-products. Optimized conditions were determined using response surface methodology based on total phenolic content (TPC), ABTS radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing power (FRAP). A Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the effects of ethanol concentration, extraction time and temperature, and NaOH concentration, hydrolysis time and temperature for free and bound fractions, respectively...
June 13, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Guilin Meng, Xiulin Meng, Xiaoye Ma, Gengping Zhang, Xiaolin Hu, Aiping Jin, Yanxin Zhao, Xueyuan Liu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an increasing concern in human health. Despite significant research, highly effective drugs to treat AD are lacking. The present study describes the text mining process to identify drug candidates from a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) database, along with associated protein target mechanisms. We carried out text mining to identify literatures that referenced both AD and TCM and focused on identifying compounds and protein targets of interest. After targeting one potential TCM candidate, corresponding protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks were assembled in STRING to decipher the most possible mechanism of action...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
Lan-Zhu Li, Guo-Xiu Zhou, Jia Li, Wei Jiang, Bao-Lin Liu, Wen Zhou
Compounds containing trace elements copper or zinc are potential gout and hyperuricemia suppressant by virtue of their inhibiting effect on xanthine oxidase/xanthine dehydrogenase (XOD/XDH) and anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative function. In this study, compounds Cu(hmy-paa)·SO4 ·H2 O (simplified as CuHP) and Zn(hmy-paa)·SO4 ·H2 O (simplified as ZnHP) are synthesized, where hmy-paa stands for 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)acrylamide). The ligand hmy-paa is composed of functional ferulic acid and 3-aminopyrazole...
September 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Shalini Trehan, Narpinder Singh, Amritpal Kaur
Physicochemical, antioxidant, phenolic profile and muffin-making properties of white, yellow and purple corn accessions were evaluated. HPLC analysis revealed the presence of ferulic acid, quercetin, sinapic acid, gallic acid and protocatechuic acid in different corn accessions. Ferulic acid was the major phenolic acid present in all accessions. Total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH and ABTS inhibition ranged from 903 to 1843 µg GAE/g, 0.73-0.89 and 3.81-4.92 µM trolox/mg, respectively. Purple accessions had higher TPC than yellow and white accessions...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Norma Julieta Salazar-López, Gustavo A González-Aguilar, Ofelia Rouzaud-Sández, Maribel Robles-Sánchez
Sorghum is a source of hydroxycinnamic acids (HCA), which have shown antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative capacities. However, a high proportion of them have low bioaccessibility due the complex structural disposition of the plant's cell wall. The effects of boiling and extrusion processes on sorghum bran and their effects on the antioxidant capacity and bioaccessibility of HCA during simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion were investigated. The bioaccessibility of phenolic compounds was significantly higher in extruded sorghum bran (38...
June 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Huifang Lv, Haishun Cao, Muhammad A Nawaz, Hamza Sohail, Yuan Huang, Fei Cheng, Qiusheng Kong, Zhilong Bie
A fungus Fusarium oxysporum F. sp. niveum (FON) is the causal organism of Fusarium wilt in watermelon. In this study, we evaluated the effect of wheat intercropping on the Fusarium wilt of watermelon. Our results showed that wheat intercropping decreases the incidence of Fusarium wilt of watermelon, likely due to the secretion of coumaric acid from the roots of wheat that dramatically inhibits FON spore germination, sporulation, and growth. The secretion of p -hydroxybenzoic acid, ferulic acid, and cinnamic acid from the roots of watermelon stimulates FON spore germination, sporulation, and growth...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Antonella Pasqualone, Carmine Summo, Barbara Laddomada, Elena Mudura, Teodora Emilia Coldea
Borş is a traditional Romanian beverage obtained by naturally fermenting an aqueous suspension of wheat bran and corn flour, used as flavoring enhancer in local gastronomy since ancient times, and more recently consumed as refreshing drink. To investigate the changes in sensory, physico-chemical, phenolic and aroma composition resulted after two successive fermentations, borș samples were subjected to standard, sensory, HPLC and GC/MS analysis. Total phenolic compounds and ferulic acid, the most abundant phenolic compound, were positively influenced by natural starter addition, increase of fermentation temperature, and thermal treatment, whereas the effect on less abundant phenolic acids was not univocal...
November 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Daotong Li, Pan Wang, Pengpu Wang, Xiaosong Hu, Fang Chen
Barley leaf (BL) contains abundant plant fibers, which are important substrates for the metabolism and degradation by the gut microbiota. Here we show that mice fed a diet supplemented with BL exhibited altered gut bacterial composition characterized by the enrichment of fiber-degrading bacteria Lachnospiraceae and Prevotella. Gut microbiota-mediated BL degradation promoted butyrate and propionate production. Metabolomic analysis showed increased aromatic metabolites such as ferulic acid, 3-phenylpropanoic acid, 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid and 3-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid in feces of mice fed with BL...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Longlu Ran, Yan Ding, Liangzhi Luo, Xiuhai Gan, Xiangyang Li, Yongzhong Chen, Deyu Hu, Baoan Song
The data present binding constants between ferulic acid derivatives and the Coat Protein (P10) by fluorescence titration in this article, which is hosted in the research article entitled "Interaction Research on an Antiviral Molecule that Targets the Coat Protein of Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus '' (Ran et al., 2017) [1]. The data include fluorescence quenching spectrum, Stern-Volmer quenching constants, and binding parameters. In this article, a more comprehensive data interpretation and analysis is explained...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Jiahui Ding, Xiujuan Tan, Kunkun Song, Wenwen Ma, Jing Xiao, Yufan Song, Mingmin Zhang
Bushen Huoxue recipe (BSHXR) is a classic Chinese herbal prescription for nourishing the kidney and activating blood circulation. It consists of six herbs: Astragali radix , Angelicae sinensis radix , Ligustici Chuanxiong Rhizoma , Cuscutae semen , Taxilli Herba , and Dipsaci Radix , and the main active constituents of BSHXR are ferulic acid, calycosin-7-glucopyranoside, hyperoside, quercitrin, and asperosaponin VI. In clinical practice, BSHXR is traditionally used to treat failed pregnancy and its complications...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Akkarach Bumrungpert, Supathra Lilitchan, Siriporn Tuntipopipat, Nednapis Tirawanchai, Surat Komindr
Ferulic acid is the most abundant phenolic compound found in vegetables and cereal grains. In vitro and animal studies have shown ferulic acid has anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-oxidative, and anti-inflammatory effects. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of ferulic acid supplementation on lipid profiles, oxidative stress, and inflammatory status in hyperlipidemia. The study design is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Subjects with hyperlipidemia were randomly divided into two groups...
June 2, 2018: Nutrients
Daniela D'Almeida Peres, Fernanda Daud Sarruf, Camila Areias de Oliveira, Maria Valéria Robles Velasco, André Rolim Baby
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation stimulates several injurious biological effects on cutaneous tissue, causing, for instance, photocarcinogenesis. Sunscreens are topical products designed to protect the skin against these harmful effects and their use must be encouraged. The addition of antioxidants, as ferulic acid (FA), a phenolic compound from the class of the hydroxycinnamic acids, in sunscreens could improve their sun protection factor (SPF) and prevent inflammatory reactions. Here, the clinical safety and efficacy of an association of ethylhexyl triazone and bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine (UV filters) with ferulic acid were assessed...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Raul Zamora-Ros, Carine Biessy, Joseph A Rothwell, Adriana Monge, Martin Lajous, Augustin Scalbert, Ruy López-Ridaura, Isabelle Romieu
Several descriptive studies on the intake of polyphenols, mostly flavonoids, have been published, especially in Europe and the USA, but insufficient data are still available in Latin-American countries, where different types of foods are consumed and different dietary habits are observed. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to estimate dietary intakes of polyphenols, including grand total, total per classes and subclasses and individual compounds, and to identify their main food sources in Mexican women...
June 4, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Isabela Angeli de Lima, Najeh Maissar Khalil, Tania Toyomi Tominaga, Anna Lechanteur, Bruno Sarmento, Rubiana Mara Mainardes
This paper describes the development and in vitro evaluation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles coated with chitosan (CS) for oral delivery of ferulic acid (FA). Nanoparticles were obtained by an emulsion evaporation technique and characterized. Furthermore, we evaluated the scavenging activity over hypochlorous acid (HOCl), the cytotoxicity over tumour cells and the in vitro intestinal permeability. Nanoparticles were spherical with a mean diameter of 242 nm, positive zeta potential and 50% of encapsulation efficiency...
May 29, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
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