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Hermeneutic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303075/epistemic-injustice-and-illness
#1
Ian James Kidd, Havi Carel
This article analyses the phenomenon of epistemic injustice within contemporary healthcare. We begin by detailing the persistent complaints patients make about their testimonial frustration and hermeneutical marginalization, and the negative impact this has on their care. We offer an epistemic analysis of this problem using Miranda Fricker's account of epistemic injustice. We detail two types of epistemic injustice, testimonial and hermeneutical, and identify the negative stereotypes and structural features of modern healthcare practices that generate them...
February 2017: Journal of Applied Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300515/the-social-before-sociocognitive-theory-explaining-hypnotic-suggestion-in-german-speaking-europe-1900-1960
#2
Anthony D Kauders
The article intends to retrace and review German discourse on hypnotic suggestion from 1900 onward, demonstrating the variety of arguments advanced to account for the social relationship in the hypnotic setting well before the emergence of sociocognitive theory. Using Spanos's distinction between "happenings" and "doings," it shows how, in the case of the "social" in early 20th century German texts on (hypnotic) suggestion, the passive observer, recipient, or victim of hypnosis, a trope familiar to the discipline for many decades, was called into question...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299591/dealing-with-the-other-between-the-ethical-and-the-moral-albinism-on-the-african-continent
#3
Elvis Imafidon
Albinism is a global public health issue but it assumes a peculiar nature in the African continent due, in part, to the social stigma faced by persons with albinism (PWAs) in Africa. I argue that there are two essential reasons for this precarious situation. First, in the African consciousness, albinism is an alterity or otherness. The PWA in Africa is not merely a physical other but also an ontological other in the African community of beings, which provides a hermeneutic for the stigmatising separateness or difference of the PWA...
March 15, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287874/graduates-development-of-interprofessional-practice-capability-during-their-early-socialisation-into-professional-roles
#4
C Jane Morgan
Graduates entering the healthcare workforce can expect to undertake interprofessional practices, requiring them to work at the intersection of knowledge and practice boundaries that have been built over years of socialisation in their respective professions. Yet, in complex health environments, where health challenges go beyond the knowledge and skills of any single profession, there is a growing concern that healthcare practitioners lack capability to collaborate with each other. This article presents the findings from a year-long hermeneutic phenomenological study of graduates' temporal experiences of practice roles in their respective fields of healthcare and in collaboration with other professions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279157/women-s-lived-experiences-of-learning-to-live-with-osteoporosis-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study
#5
Carrinna A Hansen, Bo Abrahamsen, Hanne Konradsen, Birthe D Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A vast amount of literature exists concerning pharmaceutical adherence in osteoporosis. However, the process of learning to live with osteoporosis over time remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the continued process of how women learn to live with osteoporosis. Our objective was to explore what characterizes women's experiences of living with osteoporosis during the first year after diagnosis, when patients are prescribed anti-osteoporotic treatment, without having experienced an osteoporotic fracture...
March 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278012/reproductive-health-rights-and-survival-the-voices-of-mothers-experiencing-homelessness
#6
Courtney Cronley, Kris Hohn, Shamsun Nahar
Women experiencing homelessness report higher rates of reproductive health-related traumas, including unplanned pregnancy, miscarriage, and abortion than their non-homeless peers. Using phenomenological hermeneutic methods, we sought to understand the reproductive health histories of women currently experiencing homelessness (N = 20, 25-61 years old, Mage = 38.33, SDage = 9.33) analyzing data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 in north central Texas. Three key themes highlight the essence of the women's experiences: (1) unexpected pregnancy-pregnancy just happened, (2) loss of reproductive health rights-I was broken, and (3) resilience-giving back and looking forward to good things...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276577/former-patients-experiences-of-recovery-from-self-harm-as-an-individual-prolonged-learning-process-a-phenomenological-hermeneutical-study
#7
Randi Tofthagen, Anne Grethe Talseth, Lisbeth Maria Fagerstøm
AIM: To explore, describe and understand former patients' experiences of recovery from self-harm. BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that a person's development towards a more secure self-image, mastery of their emotions, an understanding of what triggers self-harm and mastery of new ways to cope with problems are central to recovery. Recovery from self-harm is still a relatively new field of research. DESIGN: A phenomenological hermeneutical approach...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262656/-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-on-caring-experience-of-the-mothers-of-children-with-epilepsy
#8
Woo Joung Joung, Myungsun Yi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a deeper understanding of the experience of mothers caring for children with epilepsy. METHODS: Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews and observation from 12 mothers of children with epilepsy. Data were collected from December, 2014 to February, 2015 and analyzed using van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology to identify essential themes of their experience. RESULTS: The essential themes that fit into the context of the 4-existential grounds of time, body, other people, and space were: Lived time-ongoing influence of the past, living in insecure present, fearful future with no answer; Lived body-bonded body, burned out state; Lived other-burden but also support, shrunken down; Lived space-narrowed range of activity, widened horizon...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251445/a-phenomenological-construct-of-caring-among-spouses-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
Janice Gullick, Mark Krivograd, Susan Taggart, Susana Brazete, Lise Panaretto, John Wu
The aim of this study was interpret the existential construct of family caring following Acute Coronary Syndrome. Family support is known to have a positive impact on recovery and adjustment after cardiac events. Few studies provide philosophically-based, interpretative explorations of carer experience following a spouse's ischaemic event. As carer experiences, behaviours and meaning-making may impact on the quality of the support they provide to patients, further understanding could improve both patient outcomes and family experience...
March 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239889/the-dark-corner-of-the-heart-understanding-and-embracing-suffering-as-portrayed-by-adults
#10
Jessica Hemberg
BACKGROUND: Suffering profoundly touches the human being's inner existence. The different faces of suffering may yet be unknown, and therefore, it is important to further explore suffering in order to reach a new and deeper understanding of it and its alleviation. THE AIM AND RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The aim of this study was to expand the understanding of suffering. The research questions are what is suffering as described by the human beings themselves and what initiates a movement in suffering towards its alleviation? RESEARCH DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: The study uses a hermeneutical approach and hermeneutical reading...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229478/students-experiences-of-role-relationships-and-learning-in-two-clerkship-models
#11
D Jill Konkin, Carol Suddards
CONTEXT: An increasing number of medical schools around the world are implementing longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). The University of Alberta's third-year LIC admits a small group of each class. Those not in the LIC undertake a rotation-based clerkship (RBC). All students have a fourth-year RBC. Meaningful participation in patient care and guidance have been identified as affordances for work-based learning. METHODS: This qualitative study is part of an ongoing research programme conducted in a hermeneutic phenomenological frame...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225699/what-is-the-relevance-of-procedural-fairness-to-making-determinations-about-medical-evidence
#12
Govind Persad
Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy. These dilemmas generally involve two questions: the epistemological (factual) question of which benefits an intervention will have, and the ethical (value) question of how to distribute those benefits. This article focuses on the potential of fair procedures to help address epistemological and factual questions in medicine, using the debate over antidepressant efficacy as a test case...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221215/experiences-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-of-participating-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-study-while-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#13
Karianne Vassbakk-Brovold, Anne J Antonsen, Sveinung Berntsen, Christian Kersten, Liv Fegran
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions are suggested to reduce the symptom burden and comorbidities in patients with breast cancer and as an empowerment tool. However, undergoing chemotherapy is associated with low compliance to lifestyle recommendations. Importantly, few studies have documented the experiences of patients with breast cancer of participating in a comprehensive lifestyle intervention study while undergoing curative chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with breast cancer of participating in an individualized comprehensive lifestyle intervention study focusing on diet, physical activity, mental stress management, and smoking cessation while undergoing curative chemotherapy...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205237/coupling-processes-and-experiences-of-never-married-heterosexual-black-men-and-women-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Christiana I Awosan, Kenneth V Hardy
Over the past decades, the decline in Black marriages and the upsurge of never-married Blacks have stimulated much theoretical focus, but researchers conducted few studies on never-married heterosexual Black adults' coupling unions. Guided by an integrated framework of Africana womanism and symbolic interactionism, this qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological study used comprehensive individual interviews to explore the experiences of 26 never-married heterosexual Black men and women between the ages 25 and 35 about their attempts to cultivate and maintain intimate romantic relationships as well as their desire for marriage...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203324/lived-experience-of-caregivers-of-family-centered-care-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-evocation-of-being-at-home
#15
Zahra Hadian Shirazi, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahnaz Rakhshan, Narjes Pishva, Faezeh Jahanpour
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, family-centered care (FCC) has come to be known, accepted, and reported as the best care strategy for admitted children and their families. However, in spite of the increasing application of this approach, the experiences of the caregivers have not yet been studied. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at the description and interpretation of the FCC experience in two neonatal intensive care units (NICU) at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195536/patient-autonomy-within-real-or-valid-consent-samira-kohli-s-case
#16
Supriya Subramani
In bioethics literature, the primary justification for the requirement of informed consent has been the protection of autonomous choices. To allow patients to be autonomous decision-makers, physicians are supposed to disclose and share information related to all treatment, procedures and risks. Advocates of the autonomy-based informed consent model argue that in informed consent cases, the disclosure of information should be according to the reasonable person standard or reasonable patient standard, rather than the average competent physician standard...
January 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168716/a-deskilling-and-challenging-journey-the-lived-experience-of-indonesian-nurse-returnees
#17
A Kurniati, C-M Chen, F Efendi, R Ogawa
AIM: To illuminate the lived experiences of Indonesian nurses who previously worked as caregivers in Japanese residential care facilities, by exploring the journey of becoming returnees. BACKGROUND: The creation of bilateral agreements between Indonesia and Japan has facilitated the movement of Indonesian nurses to work as caregivers in Japan since 2008. While this decision raised concerns with regard to the degradation of nursing skills, little is known about this issue from the perspective of nurse returnees and how the experience affects their life...
February 6, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168438/old-man-young-man-t-s-%C3%A2-eliot-s-gerontion-and-the-problem-of-identity
#18
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Markus Jäger, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: In his poem Gerontion (1920) Nobel laureate T.S. Eliot uses powerful language to give a fictional, highly condensed, first-person account of medical and psychological conditions that arise with old age: physical frailty, cognitive decline, sensory impairment, depressive symptoms with embitterment, social withdrawal and the psychological strain of having to face old age and make meaning of one's life. Surprisingly, he wrote the poem as a young man. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we used a hermeneutic approach to interpret Gerontion from a psychiatric perspective...
March 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159126/-i-have-made-children-so-what-s-the-problem-retrospective-self-circumcision-and-the-sexual-and-urological-health-needs-of-some-somali-men-in-sweden
#19
Pauline Binder-Finnema, Asha Omar Mahmud, Sara Johnsdotter, Birgitta Essén
Unskilled traditional healers are widely blamed for complications to male circumcision performed in low- and middle-income settings. However, attributions of culpability are mostly anecdotal. We identify self-circumcision in adults that was performed during adolescence, hereby termed retrospective self-circumcision, and unexpectedly discovered during interviews with Somali men in Sweden in 2010. This study explores the phenomenon with the aim to increase our understanding about the health needs of this group...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159078/the-patient-and-family-perioperative-experience-during-transfer-of-care-a-qualitative-inquiry
#20
Sonja E Stutzman, DaiWai M Olson, Philip E Greilich, Kamal Abdulkadir, Michael A Rubin
Patient transfers between the OR and intensive care unit are high-risk events. Previous studies regarding mechanisms to improve these transfers do not account for the perspectives of family members or patients. Using transfer-of-care reports from health care providers, we performed a qualitative study of patient and family member perspectives by transcribing, coding, and analyzing seven interviews using hermeneutic cycling, which revealed three main themes: communication, clinical interaction, and clinician demeanor...
February 2017: AORN Journal
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