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Hermeneutic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812291/technology-games-using-wittgenstein-for-understanding-and-evaluating-technology
#1
Mark Coeckelbergh
In the philosophy of technology after the empirical turn, little attention has been paid to language and its relation to technology. In this programmatic and explorative paper, it is proposed to use the later Wittgenstein, not only to pay more attention to language use in philosophy of technology, but also to rethink technology itself-at least technology in its aspect of tool, technology-in-use. This is done by outlining a working account of Wittgenstein's view of language (as articulated mainly in the Investigations) and by then applying that account to technology-turning around Wittgenstein's metaphor of the toolbox...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806278/ce-original-research-the-experience-of-transitioning-to-a-caregiving-role-for-a-family-member-with-alzheimer-s-disease-or-related-dementia
#2
Kathleen Czekanski
Study findings suggest several areas for further research. ABSTRACT: Background: Alzheimer's disease is a chronic, debilitating disease that currently affects an estimated 5.5 million Americans. The majority are being cared for at home by family caregivers, who are known to have higher levels of burden than any other group of caregivers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of people who transition to the role of caregiver for a family member with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805115/hindrances-to-achieve-professional-confidence-the-nurse-s-participation-in-ethical-decision-making
#3
Anne Storaker, Dagfinn Nåden, Berit Sæteren
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that nurses generally do not participate in ethical decision-making in accordance with ethical guidelines for nurses. In addition to completing their training, nurses need to reflect on and use ethically grounded arguments and defined ethical values such as patient's dignity in their clinical work. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of how nurses deal with ethical decision-making in daily practice...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799165/meanings-of-troubled-conscience-and-how-to-deal-with-it-expressions-of-persian-speaking-enrolled-nurses-in-sweden
#4
Monir Mazaheri, Eva Ericson-Lidman, Öhlén Joakim, Astrid Norberg
INTRODUCTION: A feature of the healthcare system in Sweden, particularly in the care of older people, is its cultural diversity in terms of having considerable numbers of both caregivers and care recipients with an immigrant background. Considering the influence of culture in ethical decision-making processes, the idea of conscience and the adverse effects of a troubled conscience, it is important to study the concepts of conscience and troubled conscience in culturally diverse populations...
August 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795898/from-feeling-broken-to-looking-beyond-broken-palestinian-mothers-experiences-of-having-a-child-with-spina-bifida
#5
Maha Sudki Hmeidan Nahal, Helena Wigert, Asma Imam, Åsa B Axelsson
Spina bifida (SB) is the second most common birth defect worldwide. Mothers of children with SB face extraordinary challenges due to the complicated conditions and disability of their children. Little is known about the impact of these challenges on the mothers' well-being, particularly in Middle Eastern culture, where chronic illness and disability are perceived as a stigma, and care of disabled children has traditionally been the responsibility of the mother. The aim of this study was to illuminate mothers' lived experience of having a child with SB in Palestine...
May 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793852/trust-in-the-early-chain-of-healthcare-lifeworld-hermeneutics-from-the-patient-s-perspective
#6
Gabriella Norberg Boysen, Maria Nyström, Lennart Christensson, Johan Herlitz, Birgitta Wireklint Sundström
PURPOSE: Patients must be able to feel as much trust for caregivers and the healthcare system at the healthcare centre as at the emergency department. The aim of this study is to explain and understand the phenomenon of trust in the early chain of healthcare, when a patient has called an ambulance for a non-urgent condition and been referred to the healthcare centre. METHOD: A lifeworld hermeneutic approach from the perspective of caring science was used. Ten patients participated: seven female and three male...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793391/living-with-a-parastomal-bulge-patients-experiences-of-symptoms
#7
Marianne Krogsgaard, Thordis Thomsen, Anders Vinther, Ismail Gögenur, Gudrun Kaldan, Anne Kjaergaard Danielsen
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate experienced symptoms of parastomal bulging in relation to an ileostomy or colostomy. BACKGROUND: Parastomal bulging is a common complication of stoma formation that can affect patients' physical, psychological and social function. Symptom burdens reported by health professionals vary from asymptomatic to high symptom load, however patients' experiences of symptoms are lacking. DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative design with focus group interviews was chosen for data collection...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793087/experiences-of-adolescent-crack-users-and-their-relatives-with-psychosocial-care-and-institucionalization
#8
Milena Lima de Paula, Maria Salete Bessa Jorge, Leilson Lira de Lima, Indara Cavalcante Bezerra
The Drug User Comprehensive Care Policy establishes that care practices should cover biopsychosocial realms. However, evidence reveals an institutionalized practice, in which families prioritize the subject's seclusion from its context of use. This study aimed to understand the implications of psychosocial care and institutionalization in meeting the needs of adolescent crack users and their families. Eleven teenagers and six relatives narrated their experiences through in-depth interviews, which were analyzed in the light of Paul Ricoeur's Phenomenological Hermeneutics...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759585/today%C3%A2-s-medical-self-and-the-other-challenges-and-evolving-solutions-for-enhanced-humanization-and-quality-of-care
#9
Perla Sueiras, Victoria Romano-Betech, Alejandro Vergil-Salgado, Adalberto de Hoyos, Silvia Quintana-Vargas, William Ruddick, Anaclara Castro-Santana, Sergio Islas-Andrade, Nelly F Altamirano-Bustamante, Myriam M Altamirano-Bustamante
BACKGROUND: Recent scientific developments, along with growing awareness of cultural and social diversity, have led to a continuously growing range of available treatment options; however, such developments occasionally lead to an undesirable imbalance between science, technology and humanism in clinical practice. This study explores the understanding and practice of values and value clusters in real-life clinical settings, as well as their role in the humanization of medicine and its institutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759516/swedish-children-s-lived-experience-of-ulcerative-colitis
#10
Vedrana Vejzovic, Ann-Cathrine Bramhagen, Ewa Idvall, Anne Wennick
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in children. When this lifelong illness is diagnosed in childhood, especially during adolescence, it may have a negative impact on children's quality of life. The aim of the present study was to illuminate the meaning of children's lived experience of ulcerative colitis. Seven children aged between 10 and 18 years were recruited from University Hospital South Sweden and interviewed about the phenomenon under scrutiny. Data were analyzed by means of a phenomenological hermeneutical method...
July 28, 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758840/-i-d-rather-die-happy-residents-experiences-with-food-regulations-risk-and-food-choice-in-residential-aged-care-a-qualitative-study
#11
Andrew James Bailey, Sherryn Naree Bailey, Maree Bernoth
BACKGROUND: Food regulations exist to protect older people in residential aged care, leading to the restriction of potentially hazardous foods. The impacts of malnutrition, resident centred care and the importance of maintaining individual autonomy for older people are well documented. By contrast, there is scant literature describing residents' perceptions of food regulations and food risks in the residential aged care setting. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore resident perceptions of food choice and food restrictions in residential aged care...
July 31, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758705/coping-with-changes-and-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-young-adult-cancer-patients-challenges-and-coping-strategies-during-treatment
#12
Nataskja-Elena Kersting Lie, Torill Marie Bogsnes Larsen, May Aasebø Hauken
Young adult cancer patients (YACPs), aged 18-35 years when diagnosed with cancer, are in a vulnerable transitioning period from adolescence to adulthood, where cancer adds a tremendous burden. However, YACPs' challenges and coping strategies are under-researched. The objective of this study was to explore what challenges YACP experience during their treatment, and what coping strategies they applied to them. We conducted a qualitative study with a phenomenological-hermeneutic design, including retrospective, semi-structured interviews of 16 YACPs who had undergone cancer treatment...
July 31, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751157/end-of-life-decision-making-for-parents-of-extremely-preterm-infants
#13
Manya J Hendriks, Andrea Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To explore parental attitudes and values in the end-of-life decision-making process of extremely preterm infants (gestational age < 28 weeks). DESIGN: Hermeneutically oriented qualitative research design with in-depth interviews. SETTING: Level III NICU in Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: Purposive sample of seven couples, five mothers, and one father (20 parents). METHODS: Qualitative content analysis was used to categorize and interpret themes from parents' narratives...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748610/using-family-and-staff-experiences-of-a-botulinum-toxin-a-service-to-improve-service-quality
#14
K L O Burton, K Bau, J Lewis, K R Aroyan, B Botha, A G M Botman, K Stewart, M-C A Waugh, S P Paget
BACKGROUND: The decision for families to proceed with botulinum toxin-A (BoNT-A) injections for managing childhood conditions involving hypertonia can be complex. Family-centred care is a service model that facilitates supporting families in this decision-making process. Understanding families' experiences of services is critical to developing family-centred care. The aim of this project was therefore to increase understanding of the experiences of families of children attending a BoNT-A service in order to improve the service and its family-centred approach to care...
July 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744128/a-6-year-follow-up-of-children-assessed-for-suspected-autism-spectrum-disorder-parents-experiences-of-society-s-support
#15
Gunilla Westman Andersson, Carmela Miniscalco, Nanna Gillberg
BACKGROUND: Early support and interventions are suggested to be important for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental problems and their families. Parents are described to have a burdensome life situation where the child's problems have a great impact on the family's well-being. AIM: To obtain increased knowledge of parents' experiences of support and interventions 6 years after their child was assessed for ASD. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A semi-structured questionnaire was sent to all parents (n=101) whose preschool children (<4 years of age) had been assessed for ASD about 6 years prior in Gothenburg, Sweden...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738727/the-home-as-ethos-of-caring-a-concept-determination
#16
Yvonne Hilli, Katie Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Within nursing, the concepts of home and homelike have been used indiscriminately to describe characteristics of healthcare settings that resemble a home more than an institution. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the concept of home ( hem in Swedish). The main questions were as follows: What does the concept of home entail etymologically and semantically? Of what significance is the meaning of the concept to caring science and nursing? DESIGN AND METHODS: This study had a qualitative design with a hermeneutical approach guided by Gadamer...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733153/unsettling-moods-in-rural-midwifery-practice
#17
Susan Crowther, Liz Smythe, Deb Spence
BACKGROUND: Rural midwifery and maternity care is vulnerable due to geographical isolation, staffing recruitment and retention. Highlighting the concerns within rural midwifery is important for safe sustainable service delivery. METHOD: Hermeneutic phenomenological study undertaken in New Zealand (NZ). 13 participants were recruited in rural regions through snowball technique and interviewed. Transcribed interview data was interpretively analysed. Findings are discussed through the use of philosophical notions and related published literature...
July 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731450/the-experiences-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers-in-dementia-diagnosis
#18
Yan Lian, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Fan Zeng, Xianmu Wu, Zhen Wang, Hui Ren
BACKGROUND: People can live well with dementia if they are diagnosed early and receive early interventions and appropriate dementia management and care. However, dementia is currently under-detected and under-diagnosed. The diagnosis rate is around 50% only in higher-income countries and 5-10% only in low- and middle-income countries. Studies on consumers' experiences in engaging in dementia diagnosis in a socio-cultural context are much needed in order to generate research evidence to inform person-centered dementia care and services...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724027/-the-beginning-of-human-life-ethical-and-legal-perspectives-in-the-context-of-biotechnological-progress
#19
Vicente de Paulo Barretto, Elis Cristina Uhry Lauxen
Questions concerning the beginning of human life have pervaded society since antiquity. In the post-modern world, scientific and technological advances have fueled discussions on the issue, such that debates previously concentrated on abortion now also focus on biotechnological interventions. The article addresses the latter, reflecting on the extent to which human dignity can be considered a (hermeneutic) reference in establishing ethical and legal parameters for biotechnological advances in the definition of the beginning of human life...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723238/the-poetics-of-mourning-and-faith-based-intervention-in-maladaptive-grieving-processes-in-ethiopia
#20
Jeylan Wolyie Hussein
The paper is an inquiry into the poetics of mourning and faith-based intervention in maladaptive grieving processes in Ethiopia. The paper discusses the ways loss is signified and analyses the meanings of ethno-cultural and psychospiritual practices employed to deal with maladaptive grief processes and their psychological and emotional after-effects. Hermeneutics provided the methodological framework and informed the analysis. The thesis of the paper is that the poetics of mourning and faith-based social interventions are interactionally based meaning making processes...
July 19, 2017: Death Studies
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