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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347876/risk-of-overhydration-and-low-lean-tissue-index-as-measured-using-a-body-composition-monitor-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Seun Deuk Hwang, Jin Ho Lee, Seoung Woo Lee, Joong Kyung Kim, Moon-Jae Kim, Joon Ho Song
Overhydration and sarcopenia, related to an individual's nutritional status, have been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and poor prognosis in patients on hemodialysis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prediction of overhydration and sarcopenia on mortality in patients on hemodialysis using a body composition monitor. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis using a random-effects model. We searched the Cochrane Central Register, OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed databases for all studies published prior to December 9, 2016 and reviewed the reference lists of relevant reviews, registered trials and relevant conference proceedings...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341979/wilson-s-disease-in-children-a-position-paper-by-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee
#2
Piotr Socha, Wojciech Janczyk, Anil Dhawan, Ulrich Baumann, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Stuart Tanner, Raffaele Iorio, Pietro Vajro, Roderick Houwen, Björn Fischler, Antal Dezsofi, Nedim Hadzic, Loreto Hierro, Jörg Jahnel, Valérie McLin, Valerio Nobili, Francoise Smets, Henkjan J Verkade, Dominique Debray
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentations of Wilson's disease (WD) in childhood ranges from asymptomatic liver disease to cirrhosis or acute liver failure, while neurological and psychiatric symptoms are rare. The basic diagnostic approach includes serum ceruloplasmin and 24h-urinary copper excretion. Final diagnosis of WD can be established using a diagnostic scoring system based on symptoms, biochemical tests assessing copper metabolism and molecular analysis of mutations in the ATP7B gene...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341787/the-effects-of-early-life-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-ruminant-trans-fatty-acids-on-allergic-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Weijia Wu, Lizi Lin, Bijun Shi, Jin Jing, Li Cai
Early life nutritional exposures could modify the gene expression and susceptibility of allergic diseases (AD). This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether early life (the first 1,000 days) natural exposure to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and ruminant trans fatty acids (R-TFA) could affect the AD risk. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception through September 10, 2017 for observational studies. The quality of studies was examined by the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale, and the best evidence synthesis (BES) was applied...
January 17, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338698/enteral-immunonutrition-versus-enteral-nutrition-for-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-a-total-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Ying Cheng, Junfeng Zhang, Liwei Zhang, Juan Wu, Zhen Zhan
BACKGROUND: Nutrition support is a common means for patients with gastric cancer, especially for those undergoing elective surgery. Recently, enteral immunonutrition (EIN) was increasingly found to be more effective than enteral nutrition (EN) in enhancing the host immunity and eventually improving the prognosis of gastric cancer patients undergoing gastrectomy. However, the results reported were not consistent. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the impact of EIN for patients with GC on biochemical, immune indices and clinical outcomes...
January 16, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335838/effect-of-immunonutrition-on-colorectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#5
Jing Xu, Xian Sun, Qianqian Xin, Ying Cheng, Zhen Zhan, Junfeng Zhang, Juan Wu
PURPOSE: Immunonutrition has been used to prevent the complications after colorectal elective surgery. This systematic review aimed to analyze and assess the effect of immunonutrition on colorectal cancer patients who received elective surgery. METHODS: Three electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane) were used to search the latent studies which investigated the effects of enteral immunonutrition (EIN) compared with standard enteral nutrition (EN) or parenteral immunonutrition (PIN) compared with standard parenteral nutrition (PN) on colorectal cancer patients who are undergoing surgery until 21st of April, 2017...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322564/can-fortified-foods-and-snacks-increase-the-energy-and-protein-intake-of-hospitalised-older-patients-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
S R Mills, C R Wilcox, K Ibrahim, H C Roberts
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition affects over 44% of hospitalised older people, who often dislike oral nutritional supplements (ONS). This review summarises the evidence for an alternative strategy, using energy and protein dense meals (via fortification) or snacks (supplementation) to increase the dietary energy and protein intake of older inpatients. METHODS: A search was conducted through PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane database of systematic reviews (May 1996 to May 2016) that used fortification or supplementation to increase the energy or protein intake of patients (mean age ≥60 years) in hospitals or rehabilitation centres...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320401/mediterranean-diet-and-other-dietary-patterns-in-primary-prevention-of-heart-failure-and-changes-in-cardiac-function-markers-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Stefanny Ronchi Spillere, Priccila Zuchinali, Gabriela Corrêa Souza
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome and is recognized as the ultimate pathway of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies using nutritional strategies based on dietary patterns have proved to be effective for the prevention and treatment of CVD. Although there are studies that support the protective effect of these diets, their effects on the prevention of HF are not clear yet. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for studies that examined dietary patterns, such as dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH diet), paleolithic, vegetarian, low-carb and low-fat diets and prevention of HF...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315355/cost-effectiveness-of-food-supplement-and-environmental-interventions-to-address-malnutrition-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Cherie Hugo, Elisabeth Isenring, Michelle Miller, Skye Marshall
Background: observational studies have shown that nutritional strategies to manage malnutrition may be cost-effective in aged care; but more robust economic data is needed to support and encourage translation to practice. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to compare the cost-effectiveness of implementing nutrition interventions targeting malnutrition in aged care homes versus usual care. Setting: residential aged care homes. Methods: systematic literature review of studies published between January 2000 and August 2017 across 10 electronic databases...
January 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260510/interventions-for-managing-taste-disturbances
#9
REVIEW
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219922/multimodal-prehabilitation-programs-as-a-bundle-of-care-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Vladimir Bolshinsky, Michael H-G Li, Hilmy Ismail, Kate Burbury, Bernhard Riedel, Alexander Heriot
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation reflects a proactive process of preoperative optimization undertaken between cancer diagnosis and definitive surgical treatment, with the intent of improving physiological capacity to withstand the major insult of surgery. Prehabilitation before GI cancer surgery is currently not widely adopted, and most research has focused on unimodal interventions such as exercise therapy, nutritional supplementation, and hematinic optimization. A review of the existing literature was undertaken to investigate the impact of multimodal prehabilitation programs as a "bundle of care...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197403/setting-priorities-for-knowledge-translation-of-cochrane-reviews-for-health-equity-evidence-for-equity
#11
Peter Tugwell, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Jennifer Vincent, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Rachel Churchill, Don deSavigny, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Tomas Pantoja
BACKGROUND: A focus on equity in health can be seen in many global development goals and reports, research and international declarations. With the development of a relevant framework and methods, the Campbell and Cochrane Equity Methods Group has encouraged the application of an 'equity lens' to systematic reviews, and many organizations publish reviews intended to address health equity. The purpose of the Evidence for Equity (E4E) project was to conduct a priority-setting exercise and apply an equity lens by developing a knowledge translation product comprising summaries of systematic reviews from the Cochrane Library...
December 2, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189365/using-integrative-medicine-in-pain-management-an-evaluation-of-current-evidence
#12
REVIEW
Yuan-Chi Lin, Limeng Wan, Robert N Jamison
Complementary medicine therapies are frequently used to treat pain conditions such as headaches and neck, back, and joint pain. Chronic pain, described as pain lasting longer than 3-6 months, can be a debilitating condition that has a significant socioeconomic impact. Pharmacologic approaches are often used for alleviating chronic pain, but recently there has been a reluctance to prescribe opioids for chronic noncancer pain because of concerns about tolerance, dependence, and addiction. As a result, there has been increased interest in integrative medicine strategies to help manage pain and to reduce reliance on prescription opioids to manage pain...
December 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187673/dietary-interventions-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-worksite-settings-a-meta-analysis
#13
Archana Shrestha, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Polyna Khudyakov, Mary Beth Weber, Donna Spiegelman
OBJECTIVES: The translation of lifestyle intervention to improve glucose tolerance into the workplace has been rare. The objective of this meta-analysis is to summarize the evidence for the effectiveness of dietary interventions in worksite settings on lowering blood sugar levels. METHODS: We searched for studies in PubMed, Embase, Econlit, Ovid, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. Search terms were as follows: (1) Exposure-based: nutrition/diet/dietary intervention/health promotion/primary prevention/health behavior/health education/food /program evaluation; (2) Outcome-based: diabetes/ hyperglycemia/glucose/HbA1c/glycated hemoglobin; and (3) Setting-based: workplace/ worksite/occupational/industry/job/employee...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183181/maternal-anemia-during-pregnancy-and-small-for-gestational-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Gholamreza Badfar, Masoumeh Shohani, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a major public health and nutritional problem in the world. Different studies have reported the relationship between anemia during pregnancy and small for gestational age (SGA). Therefore, the present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between maternal anemia during pregnancy and SGA. METHOD: This meta-analysis was conducted without time limit until April 2016 based on the PRISMA protocol. Several English language databases including Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science (ISI), Pubmed, Embase, Science and Google Scholar search engine were searched independently by two researchers...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181845/interventions-for-preventing-oral-mucositis-in-patients-with-cancer-receiving-treatment-cytokines-and-growth-factors
#15
REVIEW
Philip Riley, Anne-Marie Glenny, Helen V Worthington, Anne Littlewood, Luisa M Fernandez Mauleffinch, Jan E Clarkson, Martin G McCabe
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a side effect of chemotherapy, head and neck radiotherapy, and targeted therapy, affecting over 75% of high-risk patients. Ulceration can lead to severe pain and difficulty with eating and drinking, which may necessitate opioid analgesics, hospitalisation and supplemental nutrition. These complications may disrupt cancer therapy, which may reduce survival. There is also a risk of death from sepsis if pathogens enter the ulcers of immunocompromised patients...
November 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167763/questionnaire-based-prevalence-of-food-insecurity-in-iran-a-review-article
#16
REVIEW
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Erfan Aubi, Younes Mohammadi, Sadegh Jafarnejad, Kurosh Djafarian
Background: Data on the questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity are needed to develop food and nutrition security studies and policies. The present study aimed to assess the questionnaire-based prevalence of food insecurity in Iran. Methods: A systematic search of cross-sectional studies were conducted on databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Iranmedex, SID and Medlib up to 29 Oct 2015. Estimation of food insecurity prevalence was according to the instruments including 9-items-HFIAS, 18 and 6-items USDA (US-HFSSM) and Radimer/Cernel food security questionnaires...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166956/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-india-perspective
#17
Logan Manikam, Ankita Prasad, Abina Dharmaratnam, Christy Moen, Alexandra Robinson, Alexander Light, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in India. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151370/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-pakistan-perspective
#18
Logan Manikam, Anika Sharmila, Abina Dharmaratnam, Emma C Alexander, Jia Ying Kuah, Ankita Prasad, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in Pakistan. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137575/effect-of-hypocaloric-normoprotein-or-trophic-feeding-versus-target-full-enteral-feeding-on-patient-outcomes-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review
#19
K A Phan, C M Dux, E J Osland, M C Reade
Uncertainty surrounds the optimal approach to feeding the critically ill, with increasing interest in the concept of intentional underfeeding to reduce metabolic stress while maintaining gut integrity. Conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, this systematic review evaluates clinical outcomes reported in studies comparing hypocaloric normonitrogenous or trophic feeding (collectively 'intentional underfeeding') targeted full energy feeding administered via enteral nutrition to adult critically ill patients...
November 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112178/efficacy-and-effectiveness-of-carnitine-supplementation-for-cancer-related-fatigue-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Wolfgang Marx, Laisa Teleni, Rachelle S Opie, Jaimon Kelly, Skye Marshall, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Elizabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND: Carnitine deficiency has been implicated as a potential pathway for cancer-related fatigue that could be treated with carnitine supplementation. The aim of this systematic literature review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the literature regarding the use of supplemental carnitine as a treatment for cancer-related fatigue. METHODS: Using the PRISMA guidelines, an electronic search of the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and reference lists was conducted...
November 7, 2017: Nutrients
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