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Nutrition cochrane

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770960/interventions-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-children-aged-five-years-and-under
#1
REVIEW
Rebecca K Hodder, Kate M O'Brien, Fiona G Stacey, Rebecca J Wyse, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Flora Tzelepis, Erica L James, Kate M Bartlem, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Emma Robson, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables in childhood increases the risk of future non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, such as those focused on specific child-feeding strategies and parent nutrition education interventions in early childhood may therefore be an effective strategy in reducing this disease burden. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness, cost effectiveness and associated adverse events of interventions designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables or both amongst children aged five years and under...
May 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757883/blended-tube-feeding-prevalence-efficacy-and-safety-what-does-the-literature-say
#2
Holly Carter, Kelly Johnson, Teresa W Johnson, Amy Spurlock
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For most of human history, physicians used blended whole foods for patients who are unable to eat by mouth. However, by the 1960s and 1970s, advances in enteral nutrition resulted in the gradual displacement of blenderized tube feedings (BTFs) with commercial formulas. There are advantages and disadvantages to commercial formulas and BTFs. The purpose of this article was to review the literature for the incidence of blended tube feeding use and its safety, efficacy, and implications for clinical practice...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727198/visualized-nutrition-education-and-dietary-behavioral-change-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Xinyi Li, Yangmu Huang, Ruoyu Yin, Chenyu Pan, Yan Cai, Zhaokun Wang
BACKGROUND: Effectiveness of using visual approaches in health education and its influential factors were still in debate. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of visualized nutrition education on dietary knowledge and behavioral changes, and factors influencing them. METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and Cochrane Library was conducted. Eligible studies were trials assessed effects of visualized nutrition education on dietary knowledge or behavior changes, compared with non-visualized or no education group...
May 4, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712561/systematic-review-of-interventions-to-increase-the-provision-of-care-for-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-in-mental-health-settings-review-protocol
#4
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Luke Wolfenden, Timothy Regan, Julia Dray, Jacqueline Bailey, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a higher morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of risk behaviours, including tobacco smoking, poor nutrition, harmful alcohol consumption and physical inactivity, is a substantial contributor to this health inequity. Clinical practice guidelines recommend that mental health services routinely provide care to their clients to address these risk behaviours. Such care may include the following elements: ask, assess, advise, assist and arrange (the '5As'), which has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing risk behaviours...
April 30, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673830/is-telehealth-effective-in-managing-malnutrition-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Wolfgang Marx, Jaimon T Kelly, Megan Crichton, Dana Craven, Jorja Collins, Hannah Mackay, Elizabeth Isenring, Skye Marshall
Telehealth offers a feasible method to provide nutrition support to malnourished older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to determine the efficacy of telehealth methods in delivering malnutrition-related interventions to community-dwelling older adults. Studies in any language were searched in five electronic databases from inception to 2nd November 2017. Quality of the evidence was assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and the GRADE approach. Nine studies were identified, with results published across 13 included publications, which had mostly low to unclear risk of bias...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672357/refugee-children-s-participation-in-the-women-infants-and-children-supplemental-nutrition-wic-program-in-massachusetts-1998-2010
#6
Laura Smock, Thinh Nguyen, Elizabeth Metallinos-Katsaras, Hema Magge, Jennifer Cochran, Paul L Geltman
OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe prevalence of growth abnormalities and anemia in refugee children; (2) describe the proportion of age-eligible refugee children enrolled in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); and (3) identify risk factors for lack of enrollment in WIC. DESIGN: Data were collected from 1731 health screenings for refugee children younger than 5 years in Massachusetts in 1998-2010 and matched to WIC program records...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668624/effect-of-%C3%AF-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplemented-parenteral-nutrition-on-inflammatory-and-immune-function-in-postoperative-patients-with-gastrointestinal-malignancy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials-in-china
#7
Yajie Zhao, Chengfeng Wang
BACKGROUND: There are no consensus regarding the efficacy of omega-3polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on inflammatory and immune function in postoperative patients with gastrointestinal malignancy. METHODS: The literatures published randomized control trials (RCT) were searched in PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Weipu, and Wanfang Databases. The immune efficacy outcomes of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-supplemented parenteral nutrition in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy were compared...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662294/application-of-enhanced-recovery-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-an-updated-meta-analysis
#8
Liu-Hua Wang, Ren-Fei Zhu, Cheng Gao, Shou-Lin Wang, Li-Zong Shen
AIM: To provide an updated assessment of the safety and efficacy of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols in elective gastric cancer (GC) surgery. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, World Health Organization International Trial Register, and Cochrane Library were searched up to June 2017 for all available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ERAS protocols and standard care (SC) in GC surgery. Thirteen RCTs, with a total of 1092 participants, were analyzed in this study, of whom 545 underwent ERAS protocols and 547 received SC treatment...
April 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658538/-effectiveness-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-to-prevent-hospital-malnutrition-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#9
Luca Giuseppe Re, Maura Lusignani
. Effectiveness of oral nutritional supplements to prevent hospital malnutrition. Overview of systematic reviews. INTRODUCTION: Although oral nutritional supplements (ONSs) are among most popular interventions to prevent a condition of hospital malnutrition, their real benefits need to be clarified. AIM: To evaluate in adults the effectiveness of ONSs to prevent hospital malnutrition. METHODS: Papers retrieval by querying biomedical databases The Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, CINAHL...
January 2018: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651322/management-of-frailty-at-individual-level-clinical-management-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Gregor Veninšek, Branko Gabrovec
Introduction: To deliver quality management of a frail individual, a clinician should understand the concept of frailty, be aware of its epidemiology and be able to screen for frailty and assess it when it is present, and, finally, to recommend successful interventions. Methodology: A systematic literature search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Cinahl and UpToDate. The criterion in selecting the literature was that articles were published in the period from 2002 to 2017...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628953/internet-usage-among-pregnant-women-for-seeking-health-information-a-review-article
#11
REVIEW
Marzieh Javanmardi, Mahnaz Noroozi, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hasan Ashrafi-Rizi
Background: In recent years, the Internet has become one of the most popular sources of health information for users, and pregnant women are no exception. This study aimed to investigate Internet usage among pregnant women for achieving health information on the finding of related studies. Materials and Methods: This review study was conducted by searching databases such as IranMedex, Magiran, Scientific Information Database, Irandoc, PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and Scopus in December 2016...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621406/is-a-vegetarian-diet-safe-to-follow-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#12
Chang Tan, Yudi Zhao, Suqing Wang
BACKGROUND: Whether a vegetarian diet is appropriate for pregnancy remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between vegetarian diet during pregnancy and various maternal-fetal outcomes. METHOD: PubMed-Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant articles published by August 30, 2017. Quantitative data were analyzed by a random-effects model with pooled odds ratios or weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval as aggregate estimations...
April 5, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611876/screening-for-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-self-reported-questionnaires
#13
REVIEW
Hipólito V Magalhães Junior, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio C Lima, Maria Angela F Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a swallowing disorder with signs and symptoms which may be present in older adults, but they are rarely noticed as a health concern by older people. The earliest possible identification of this clinical condition is needed by self-reported population-based screening questionnaire, which are valid and reliable for preventing risks to nutritional status, increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify self-reported screening questionnaires for oropharyngeal dysphagia in older adults to evaluate their methodological quality for population-based studies...
April 3, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609924/medicinal-plants-for-primary-dysmenorrhoea-a-systematic-review
#14
Janice Pellow, Chantelle Nienhuis
OBJECTIVES: Primary dysmenorrhoea is a common complaint experienced by many females in their reproductive years. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of various gynaecological conditions is on the increase, despite the limited evidence available regarding efficacy and safety of their use. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesise the most recent evidence relating to the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea with medicinal plants. METHODOLOGY: A thorough database search was conducted using defined search terms, and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English between 2008 and 2016, pertaining to the use of medicinal plants (single use) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea, were assessed...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607494/inhaled-anti-pseudomonal-antibiotics-for-long-term-therapy-in-cystic-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Sherie Smith, Nicola J Rowbotham, Kate H Regan
BACKGROUND: Inhaled antibiotics are commonly used to treat persistent airway infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa that contributes to lung damage in people with cystic fibrosis. Current guidelines recommend inhaled tobramycin for individuals with cystic fibrosis and persistent Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection who are aged six years or older. The aim is to reduce bacterial load in the lungs so as to reduce inflammation and deterioration of lung function. This is an update of a previously published review...
March 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579788/risk-factors-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ali Reza Yusefi, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Peivand Bastani, Maryam Radinmanesh, Zahra Kavosi
Objective: Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, with many influences contributing to the disease. The aim of this study was to identify the most important risk factors. Methods: This study was conducted in 2017 with a structured overview in the Science Directe, Scopus, PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science (ISI) databases. In the first step, articles were extracted based on their titles and abstracts; the quality of 43 articles was evaluated using the STORBE tool. Inclusion criteria were studies carried out on human, English language (first step), year of the study and the study type (second step)...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578237/nutritional-supplements-for-patients-being-treated-for-active-visceral-leishmaniasis
#18
REVIEW
Estefanía Custodio, Jesús López-Alcalde, Mercè Herrero, Carmen Bouza, Carolina Jimenez, Stefan Storcksdieck Genannt Bonsmann, Theodora Mouratidou, Teresa López-Cuadrado, Agustin Benito, Jorge Alvar
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease caused by a parasite, which can lead to death if untreated. Poor nutritional status hastens the progression of VL infection, and VL worsens malnutrition status. Malnutrition is one of the poor prognostic factors identified for leishmaniasis. However, the effects of nutritional supplementation in people treated for VL are not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral nutritional supplements in people being treated with anti-leishmanial drug therapy for VL...
March 26, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571016/the-role-of-nutrients-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-migraine-headaches-review
#19
REVIEW
Elyas Nattagh-Eshtivani, Mahmood Alizadeh Sani, Monireh Dahri, Faezeh Ghalichi, Abed Ghavami, Pishva Arjang, Ali Tarighat-Esfanjani
OBJECTIVE: Migraine as a disabling neurovascular disease affects 6% of men and 18% of women worldwide. The deficiency of many nutrients including magnesium, niacin, riboflavin, cobalamin, coenzymes Q10, carnitine, α-lipoic acid and vitamin D is associated with migraine. Some researchers postulate that mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired antioxidant status can cause migraine. Also increase in homocysteine level can lead to migraine attacks; therefore, some Nutraceuticals play a vital role in migraine prevention...
June 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570616/efficacy-of-nutritional-interventions-on-inflammatory-markers-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-limited-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ban-Hock Khor, Sreelakshmi Sankara Narayanan, Sharmela Sahathevan, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Zulfitri Azuan Mat Daud, Pramod Khosla, Alice Sabatino, Enrico Fiaccadori, Karuthan Chinna, Tilakavati Karupaiah
Low-grade chronic inflammation is prevalent in patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) treatment and is linked to the development of premature atherosclerosis and mortality. The non-pharmacological approach to treat inflammation in HD patients through nutritional intervention is well cited. We aimed to assess the efficacy of different nutritional interventions at improving inflammatory outcomes in HD patients, based on markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)...
March 23, 2018: Nutrients
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