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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908565/determinants-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-in-healthy-and-hypertensive-subjects-a-population-based-study-and-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Liyuan Han, Yanfen Liu, Changyi Wang, Linlin Tang, Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt, Qi Wen, Donghui Duan, Nanjia Lu, Guodong Xu, Kaiyue Wang, Lu Zhang, Kaibo Gu, Sihan Chen, Jianping Ma, Tao Zhang, Dingyun You, Shiwei Duan
AIMS: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is known to increase the risk of many diseases. Factors influencing HHcy in healthy and hypertensive subjects remain under-researched. METHODS: A large population-based study was conducted in 60 communities from Shenzhen, China. Responses to standardized questions on lifestyle factors and blood samples were collected from all participants after a 12-h overnight fast. Multiple linear and multivariate logistic regressions were used to explore risk factors for HHcy...
November 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905696/the-curative-effect-of-early-use-of-enteral-immunonutrition-in-postoperative-gastric-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#2
Hu Qiang, Lu Hang, Sun Y Shui
INTRODUCTION: It's uncertain about the clinical efficacy which early enteral immunonutrition in postoperative gastric cancer patients,and this study attempts to assess its clinical efficacy. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Use the search engine database incuding the Pubmed,the Cochrane library, Web of Science, Medline,and Embase,which there are comparative studies of early efficacy of enteral immune nutrition and standard enteral nutrition after gastric cancer operation.According to the studies,we use the RevMan 5...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#3
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#4
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880062/the-effect-of-vegetarian-diets-on-iron-status-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Lisa M Haider, Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Background Vegetarian diets exclude meat, seafood, and products containing these foods. Although the vegetarian lifestyle could lead to a better health status in adults, it may also bear risks for certain nutritional deficiencies. Cross-sectional studies and narrative reviews have shown that the iron status of vegetarians is compromised by the absence of highly bioavailable haem-iron in meatless diets and the inhibiting effect of certain components present in plant foods on non-haem iron bioavailability. Methods The databases Pubmed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for studies comparing serum ferritin, as the major laboratory parameter for iron status of adult vegetarians with non-vegetarian control groups...
November 23, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878815/interventions-to-reduce-cognitive-impairments-following-critical-illness-a-topical-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
H K Nedergaard, H I Jensen, P Toft
BACKGROUND: Critical illness is associated with cognitive impairments. Effective treatment or prevention has not been established. The aim of this review was to create a systematic summary of the current evidence concerning clinical interventions during intensive care admission to reduce cognitive impairments after discharge. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central, PsycInfo and Cinahl were searched. Inclusion criteria were studies assessing the effect of interventions during intensive care admission on cognitive function in adult patients...
November 22, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878805/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-people-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
REVIEW
Usha Rani Somaraju, Arturo Solis-Moya
BACKGROUND: Most people with cystic fibrosis (80% to 90%) need pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy to prevent malnutrition. Enzyme preparations need to be taken whenever food is taken, and the dose needs to be adjusted according to the food consumed. A systematic review on the efficacy and safety of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is needed to guide clinical practice, as there is variability between centres with respect to assessment of pancreatic function, time of commencing treatment, dose and choice of supplements...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868947/diet-and-nutrients-in-the-modulation-of-infant-sleep-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Nora Schneider, Gisella Mutungi, Javier Cubero
OBJECTIVES: The establishment of organized sleep patterns is an important developmental process during infancy. Little is known about the role of nutrition in sleep maturation. This review focuses on exploring the link between infant sleep and nutrition with the aim to provide an overview of existing literature on the impact of diet and specific nutrients on sleep modulation in infants. METHODS: An exploratory literature search was performed on the topic in Medline, Scopus and Cochrane Library databases, with a focus on publications in English...
November 21, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866011/protected-mealtimes-in-hospitals-and-nutritional-intake-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#9
REVIEW
Judi Porter, Ella Ottrey, Catherine E Huggins
OBJECTIVES: Protected Mealtimes is an intervention developed to address the problem of malnutrition, particularly in the hospital setting. The intervention aims to provide interruption-free time to eat during a hospital admission, thus supporting increased nutritional intake. This review aimed to determine the impact of Protected Mealtimes on the nutritional intake of hospitalised patients. DESIGN: The review was registered with the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42015023423) and followed the PRISMA guidelines...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864536/influence-of-dietary-protein-and-its-amino-acid-composition-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-systematic-review
#10
Merel van den Broek, Loek J M de Heide, Nic J G M Veeger, Alies M van der Wal-Oost, André P van Beek
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery is an effective method to reduce morbid obesity. Nutritional counseling is essential to achieve maximal treatment success and to avoid long-term complications. Increased dietary protein intake may improve various postoperative results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to examine the relationship between intake of dietary protein or supplementation with amino acids and postoperative outcomes after gastric bypass surgery. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases: Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852245/two-ghrelin-receptor-agonists-for-adults-with-malnutrition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jianhua Su, Jin Geng, Jisheng Bao, Yin Tang, Menglan Liu, Haibin Yu, Yi Han, Wei Huang, Suming Zhou
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin receptor agonists have been established to be important in ameliorating the nutritional conditions in patients with malnutrition. However, some studies have reported inconsistent results. We aimed to coalesce the available evidence on the efficacy of ghrelin receptor agonists for the treatment of malnutrition. METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE for relevant articles published through March 2016...
November 16, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814976/factors-influencing-efficacy-of-nutrition-education-interventions-a-systematic-review
#12
Mary W Murimi, Michael Kanyi, Tatenda Mupfudze, Md Ruhul Amin, Teresia Mbogori, Khalid Aldubayan
OBJECTIVE: To examine systematically factors that contribute to the efficacy of nutrition education interventions in promoting behavior change for good health based on their stated objective. In a departure from previous reviews, the researchers investigated factors that lead to success of various types of interventions. Critical analysis of these factors constituted the outcome of this review. METHODS: This study followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis criteria...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810941/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-nutritional-supplementation-in-chronic-lower-extremity-wounds
#13
Junna Ye, Raj Mani
A systematic review and meta-analyses of nutritional supplementation to treat chronic lower extremity wounds was done in order to test the premise that impaired nutrition is implicated in healing. The databases of Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and EBSCO CINAHL (1972-October 2014) were searched systematically. Only randomized controlled trials in adults with chronic lower extremity wounds were included. Both topical and systemic routes of supplementing nutrition were considered. The primary outcome was wound healing...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804960/the-effects-of-partial-sleep-deprivation-on-energy-balance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
H K Al Khatib, S V Harding, J Darzi, G K Pot
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: It is unknown whether short sleep duration causatively contributes to weight gain. Studies investigating effects of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) on energy balance components report conflicting findings. Our objective was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of human intervention studies assessing the effects of PSD on energy intake (EI) and energy expenditure (EE). SUBJECTS/METHODS: EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science and Scopus were searched...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790567/the-association-between-dystemperament-and-prevention-of-diseases-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Rafieian Kopaei, Alireza Khajegir, Sara Kiani
INTRODUCTION: Temperament or mizaj is referred to four different humors differentiating individuals and as a result, proposing different preventive measures for their diseases. AIM: In this study, a systematic and purposeful review with emphasis on the research question was done to retrieve, evaluate and consolidate the required information. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized search of published original articles with fulltext was performed using PubMed and Web of Science, Medline data Science direct, ProQuest, SID and Cochrane Library bases as well as local references from March 1990 to March 2016...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775609/meta-analysis-of-early-nutrition-the-benefits-of-enteral-feeding-compared-to-a-nil-per-os-diet-not-only-in-severe-but-also-in-mild-and-moderate-acute-pancreatitis
#16
Katalin Márta, Nelli Farkas, Imre Szabó, Anita Illés, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Patrícia Sarlós, Judit Bajor, Ákos Szűcs, József Czimmer, Dóra Mosztbacher, Andrea Párniczky, Kata Szemes, Dániel Pécsi, Péter Hegyi
The recently published guidelines for acute pancreatitis (AP) suggest that enteral nutrition (EN) should be the primary therapy in patients suffering from severe acute pancreatitis (SAP); however, none of the guidelines have recommendations on mild and moderate AP (MAP). A meta-analysis was performed using the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P). The following PICO (problem, intervention, comparison, outcome) was applied: P: nutrition in AP; I: enteral nutrition (EN); C: nil per os diet (NPO); and O: outcome...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763579/effects-of-physical-training-for-people-with-hiv-associated-lipodystrophy-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#17
Rafael E Pedro, Débora A Guariglia, Sidney B Peres, Solange M Moraes
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS) is a major problem among people living with HIV/aids. The exercise training has been used for its treatment; however, the knowledge about benefits and safety still is emerging. The aim was systematically review the literature for physiological, metabolic, immunologic, and morphologic adaptations to aerobic, resistance, and concurrent training in people living with HALS. METHODS: A search of the Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Lilacs, Scielo, Web of Science, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register Library and PEDro was performed...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753238/associations-of-lifestyle-factors-smoking-alcohol-consumption-diet-and-physical-activity-with-type-2-diabetes-among-american-adults-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2005-2014
#18
Ying Liu, Kesheng Wang, Mildred Maisonet, Liang Wang, Shimin Zheng
BACKGROUND: Over the long term, unhealthy lifestyles can lead to many health problems, especially type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of the present study was to determine associations between lifestyle factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and diet) and T2D in American adults (aged ≥20 years) in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Data for 12 987 American adults participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2014 were evaluated...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749991/nutritional-interventions-or-exposures-in-infants-and-children-aged-up-to-3-years-and-their-effects-on-subsequent-risk-of-overweight-obesity-and-body-fat-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#19
REVIEW
B Patro-Gołąb, B M Zalewski, M Kołodziej, S Kouwenhoven, L Poston, K M Godfrey, B Koletzko, J B van Goudoever, H Szajewska
This study, performed as part of the international EarlyNutrition research project (http://www.project-earlynutrition.eu), provides a systematic review of systematic reviews on the effects of nutritional interventions or exposures in children (up to 3 years of age) on the subsequent risk of obesity, overweight and adiposity. Electronic databases (including MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library) were searched up until September 2015. Forty systematic reviews were included. A consistent association of breastfeeding with a modest reduction in the risk of later overweight and obesity in childhood and adulthood was found (the odds decreased by 13% based on high-quality studies), but residual confounding cannot be excluded...
December 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749919/effects-of-ready-to-eat-cereals-on-key-nutritional-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#20
Marion G Priebe, Jolene R McMonagle
BACKGROUND: In many countries breakfast cereals are an important component of breakfast. This systematic review assesses the contribution of consumption of ready-to eat cereal (RTEC) to the recommended nutrient intake. Furthermore, the effects of RTEC consumption on key health parameters are investigated as well as health promoting properties of RTEC. METHOD: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL have been searched up till 16th of June 2015...
2016: PloS One
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