keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

intoxicated

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214996/alcohol-induced-retrograde-facilitation-renders-witnesses-of-crime-less-suggestible-to-misinformation
#1
Julie Gawrylowicz, Anne M Ridley, Ian P Albery, Edit Barnoth, Jack Young
RATIONALE: Research has shown that alcohol can have both detrimental and facilitating effects on memory: intoxication can lead to poor memory for information encoded after alcohol consumption (anterograde amnesia) and may improve memory for information encoded before consumption (retrograde facilitation). This study examined whether alcohol consumed after witnessing a crime can render individuals less vulnerable to misleading post-event information (misinformation). METHOD: Participants watched a simulated crime video...
February 19, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214685/role-of-laxative-and-antioxidant-properties-of-malva-sylvestris-leaves-in-constipation-treatment
#2
Mohamed-Amine Jabri, Dalanda Wannes, Najla Hajji, Mohsen Sakly, Lamjed Marzouki, Hichem Sebai
INTRODUCTION: Mallaw (Malva sylvestris L.) is a medicinal plant who is traditionally being used as an antiulcer, laxative and anti-hemorrhoid, besides of its culinary use as a food in Tunisian cuisine. The present study was carried out to evaluate the protective effect of Malva sylvestris aqueous extract (MSAE) on constipation- induced by loperamide in male Wistar rats. METHODS: Rats were divided into six groups of six animals each: Control, Loperamide (LOP), LOP+ yohimbine (2mg/kg b...
February 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212817/in-vivo-toxicity-of-copper-oxide-lead-oxide-and-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-acting-in-different-combinations-and-its-attenuation-with-a-complex-of-innocuous-bio-protectors
#3
Ilzira A Minigalieva, Boris A Katsnelson, Vladimir G Panov, Larisa I Privalova, Anatoly N Varaksin, Vladimir B Gurvich, Marina P Sutunkova, Vladimir Ya Shur, Ekaterina V Shishkina, Irene E Valamina, Ilya V Zubarev, Oleg H Makeyev, Ekaterina Y Meshtcheryakova, Svetlana V Klinova
Stable suspensions of metal oxide nanoparticles (Me-NPs) obtained by laser ablation of 99.99% pure copper, zinc or lead under a layer of deionized water were used separately, in three binary combinations and a triple combination in two independent experiments on rats. In one of the experiments the rats were instilled with Me-NPs intratracheally (i.t.) (for performing a broncho-alveolar lavage in 24hrs to estimate the cytological and biochemical indices of the response of the lower airways), while in the other, Me-NPs were repeatedly injected intraperitoneally (i...
February 14, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212474/-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients-from-a-toxicology-center-at-mexico-city
#4
María Carmen Socorro Sánchez-Villegas, Alejandro Bárcena-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound that is frequently used as a rodenticide; it is a highly toxic product that is widely used, among other spaces, at home. Given that it is a highly commercialized pesticide and that there is no antidote, it is mandatory to establish favorably the clinical manifestations of the intoxication. The aim was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of children intoxicated with zinc phosphide attended in a toxicological center of a tertiary referral hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212331/analysis-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-related-gene-expression-changes-in-a-cellular-and-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#5
In-Su Kim, Sushruta Koppula, Shin-Young Park, Dong-Kug Choi
We employed transcriptome analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor related gene expression changes in cellular and animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). We used a well-known Parkinsonian toxin 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridine (MPP⁺) to induce neuronal apoptosis in the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. The MPP⁺-treatment of SH-SY5Y cells was capable of inducing neuro-apoptosis, but it remains unclear what kinds of transcriptional genes are affected by MPP⁺ toxicity. Therefore the pathways that were significantly perturbed in MPP⁺ treated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were identified based on genome-wide gene expression data at two time points (24 and 48 h)...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210835/a-10-year-review-of-cannabis-exposure-in-children-under-3-years-of-age-do-we-need-a-more-global-approach
#6
Isabelle Claudet, Mathilde Le Breton, Camille Bréhin, Nicolas Franchitto
: Pediatricians working in an emergency environment are confronted with children admitted to emergency departments for intoxication on a daily basis. We carried out a retrospective cohort study of children admitted to a pediatric emergency department due to unintentional cannabis exposure over a 10-year period from 2004 to 2014. Twenty-nine children under the age of 3 were admitted with a positive cannabis urine test. Eighty-seven percent of intoxications occurred at the family home. Resin was the main form of ingested cannabis (69%)...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210782/toll-like-receptor-signaling-and-stages-of-addiction
#7
REVIEW
Fulton T Crews, T Jordan Walter, Leon G Coleman, Ryan P Vetreno
BACKGROUND: Athina Markou and her colleagues discovered persistent changes in adult behavior following adolescent exposure to ethanol or nicotine consistent with increased risk for developing addiction. Building on Dr. Markou's important work and that of others in the field, researchers at the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies have found that persistent changes in behavior following adolescent stress or alcohol exposure may be linked to induction of immune signaling in brain. AIM: This study aims to illuminate the critical interrelationship of the innate immune system (e...
February 17, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209959/-principles-%C3%A2-cliff%C3%A2-pancreatic-necrosis-in-a-first-aid-hospital
#8
M D Dibirov, L V Domarev, E A Shitikov, A I Isayev, G S Karsotiyan
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic necrosis - acute surgical disease accompanying high rates of mortality and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis of the treatment of 256 patients with pancreatic necrosis moderate and severe degrees. In the control group was conducted basic therapy, the main (n=158), which further were administered high doses of octreotide and endoscopic stenting of the main pancreatic duct to decrease the intraductal pressure, prevention and treatment of internal pancreatic fistula...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209723/functional-metabolic-and-dynamic-mitochondrial-changes-in-the-rat-cirrhosis-hepatocellular-carcinoma-model-and-the-protective-effect-of-ifc-305
#9
Enrique Chavez, Maria Guadalupe Lozano-Rosas, Mariana Dominguez-Lopez, Gabriela Velasco-Loyden, Jesus Rafael Rodriguez-Aguilera, Concepcion Jose-Nunez, Marietta Tuena de Gomez-Puyou, Victoria Chagoya de Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrion is an important metabolic and energetic organelle which regulates several cellular processes. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been related with liver diseases including hepatocellular carcinoma. As a result, the energetic demand is not properly supplied and mitochondrial morphologic changes has been observed resulting in an altered metabolism. We previously demonstrated the chemopreventive effect of the hepatoprotector IFC-305. AIM: In this work we aimed to evaluate the functional, metabolic, and dynamic mitochondrial alterations in the sequential model of cirrhosis-hepatocellular carcinoma induced by diethylnitrosamine in rats and the possible beneficial effect of IFC-305...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209479/subacute-immunotoxicity-of-the-marine-phycotoxin-yessotoxin-in-rats
#10
Sara F Ferreiro, Natalia Vilariño, Cristina Carrera, M Carmen Louzao, Germán Santamarina, Antonio G Cantalapiedra, J Manuel Cifuentes, Andrés C Vieira, Luis M Botana
Yessotoxin (YTX) is a marine phycotoxin produced by dinoflagellates and accumulated in filter feeding shellfish. YTX content in shellfish is regulated by many food safety authorities to protect human health, although currently no human intoxication episodes have been unequivocally related to YTX presence in food. The immune system has been proposed as one of the target organs of YTX due to alterations of lymphoid tissues and cellular and humoral components. The aim of the present study was to explore subacute immunotoxicity of YTX in rats by evaluating the hematological response, inflammatory cytokine biomarkers and the presence of YTX-induced structural alterations in the spleen and thymus...
February 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209284/recognizing-and-regulating-cannabis-as-a-temptation-good
#11
Jonathan P Caulkins
The U.S. appears to be on a path toward legalizing cannabis on the alcohol model, which is to say allowing for-profit corporations to produce, sell, and promote its use. Even after national legalization, it will take decades to observe the full effects on industry structure and behavior, or on use and misuse. However, we should not be surprised if after markets have matured and consumption patterns stabilized, legalization increases acute cannabis intoxication in the U.S. by 40 billion hours per year. This increase in use will be the most important cannabis-specific effect of legalization...
February 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205080/assessment-of-cu-zn-edta-parenteral-toxicity-in-calves
#12
Luis Emilio Fazzio, Diana Esther Rosa, Sebastian Julio Picco, Guillermo Alberto Mattioli
Copper (Cu) parenteral administration is used in a beef cow-calf operations to prevent or correct Cu deficiency in bovines. At present, Zinc (Zn) salts have been incorporated to complement Cu antioxidant effect. A risk of hepatotoxicity generated by overdose is a negative consequence of injectable Cu application. Cu-Zn EDTA appears as an alternative; however, data about its toxicity is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess toxicity risk of different doses of Cu-Zn EDTA in calves. Thirty two Aberdeen Angus calves of 162 (±20) kg BW were assigned to 4 groups (n = 8), homogeneous in weight, sex, and age...
February 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201924/conditioned-effects-of-ethanol-on-the-immune-system
#13
Anny Gano, Ricardo Marcos Pautassi, Tamara L Doremus-Fitzwater, Terrence Deak
Several studies indicate that the immune system can be subjected to classical conditioning. Acute ethanol intoxication significantly modulates several pro-inflammatory cytokines (e.g. interleukins-1 and 6 [IL-1β and IL-6, respectively] and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNFα])) in several brain areas, including amygdala (AMG), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), and hippocampus (HPC). It is unknown, however, whether cues associated with ethanol can elicit conditioned alterations in cytokine expression. The present study analyzed, in male Sprague-Dawley rats, whether ethanol-induced changes in the central cytokine response may be amenable to conditioning...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197934/fuzheng-huayu-formula-prevents-rat-renal-interstitial-fibrosis-induced-by-hgcl2-via-antioxidative-stress-and-down-regulation-of-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-activity
#14
Ji-Li Yuan, Yan-Yan Tao, Qing-Lan Wang, Li Shen, Cheng-Hai Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of action of Fuzheng Huayu Formula (, FZHY) against renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) relating to oxidative injury and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activity. METHODS: Thirty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, model group and FZHY treatment group. The RIF model was induced by oral administration of HgCl2 at a dose of 8 mg/kg body weight once a day for 9 weeks. Meanwhile, rats in FZHY treatment group orally took FZHY at a dose of 4...
February 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197931/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-lysergic-acid-diethylamide-in-healthy-subjects
#15
Patrick C Dolder, Yasmin Schmid, Andrea E Steuer, Thomas Kraemer, Katharina M Rentsch, Felix Hammann, Matthias E Liechti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is used recreationally and in clinical research. The aim of the present study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics and exposure-response relationship of oral LSD. METHODS: We analyzed pharmacokinetic data from two published placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over studies using oral administration of LSD 100 and 200 µg in 24 and 16 subjects, respectively. The pharmacokinetics of the 100-µg dose is shown for the first time and data for the 200-µg dose were reanalyzed and included...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197082/the-role-of-acetaldehyde-in-the-increased-acceptance-of-ethanol-after-prenatal-ethanol-exposure
#16
Mirari Gaztañaga, Asier Angulo-Alcalde, Norman E Spear, M Gabriela Chotro
Recent studies show that acetaldehyde, the first metabolite in the oxidation of ethanol, can be responsible for both, the appetitive and the aversive effects produced by ethanol intoxication. More specifically, it has been hypothesized that acetaldehyde produced in the periphery by the liver is responsible for the aversive effects of ethanol, while the appetitive effects relate to the acetaldehyde produced centrally through the catalase system. On the other hand, from studies in our and other laboratories, it is known that ethanol exposure during the last gestational days (GD) consistently enhances the postnatal acceptance of ethanol when measured during early ontogeny in the rat...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195545/berberis-vulgaris-l-effects-on-oxidative-stress-and-liver-injury-in-lead-intoxicated-mice
#17
Jawhar Laamech, Jaouad El-Hilaly, Hamadi Fetoui, Yassine Chtourou, Hanane Gouitaa, Adel Tahraoui, Badiaa Lyoussi
Background Berberis vulgaris L. (BV), commonly known as "Aghriss" in Moroccan pharmacopoeia, is used to cure liver disorders and other diseases. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of BV aqueous extract against lead-induced toxicity in mice liver. Methods Sixty IOPS mice were divided into six groups and were treated as follows: group 1 (normal control) received double distilled water; group 2 (toxic control) received lead acetate (5 mg/kg body weight/day) in double distilled water for 40 days; groups 3-6 received BV aqueous extract at doses of 25, 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg body weight , respectively, once daily for 30 days from 11 day after beginning of lead acetate exposure to the end of the experiment...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194415/diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-detects-microstructural-changes-in-the-brain-after-acute-alcohol-intoxication-in-rats
#18
Xi-Ran Chen, Jie-Ying Zeng, Zhi-Wei Shen, Ling-Mei Kong, Wen-Bin Zheng
The aim of this study was to test the technical feasibility of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in the brain after acute alcohol intoxication. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and DKI during 7.0 T MRI were performed in the frontal lobe and thalamus before and 30 min, 2 h, and 6 h after ethyl alcohol administration. Compared with controls, mean kurtosis values of the frontal lobe and thalamus first decreased by 44% and 38% within 30 min (p < 0.01 all) and then increased by 14% and 46% at 2 h (frontal lobe, p > 0...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194215/accidental-ingestion-of-e-cigarette-liquid-nicotine-in-a-15-month-old-child-an-infant-mortality-case-of-nicotine-intoxication
#19
An Deok Seo, Dong Chan Kim, Hee Joon Yu, Min Jae Kang
Electronic cigarettes are novel tobacco products that are frequently used these days. The cartridge contains liquid nicotine and accidental poisoning, even with a small oral dose, endangers children. We present here a mortality case of a 15-month-old child who ingested liquid nicotine mistaking it for cold medicine. When the emergency medical technicians arrived, she was found to have pulseless electrical activity. Spontaneous circulation was restored after approximately 40 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192153/comparison-of-the-acute-inhibitory-effects-of-tetrodotoxin-ttx-in-rat-and-human-neuronal-networks-for-risk-assessment-purposes
#20
Emma E J Kasteel, Remco H S Westerink
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) is an extremely toxic marine neurotoxin. TTX inhibits voltage-gated sodium channels, resulting in a potentially lethal inhibition of neurotransmission. Despite numerous intoxications in Asia and Europe, limited (human) toxicological data are available for TTX. Additionally, the degree of interspecies differences for TTX is not well established, hampering the use of available (animal) data for human risk assessment and establishing regulatory limits for TTX concentrations in (shell)fish. We therefore used micro-electrode array (MEA) recordings as an integrated measure of neurotransmission to demonstrate that TTX inhibits neuronal electrical activity in both primary rat cortical cultures and human-induced pluripotent stem cell (hIPSC)-derived iCell(®) neurons in co-culture with hIPSC-derived iCell(®) astrocytes, with IC50 values of 7 and 10nM, respectively...
February 9, 2017: Toxicology Letters
keyword
keyword
71970
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"