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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914710/higher-net-acid-excretion-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-kidney-disease-progression-in-patients-with%C3%A2-diabetes
#1
Julia J Scialla, John Asplin, Mirela Dobre, Alex R Chang, James Lash, Chi-Yuan Hsu, Radhakrishna R Kallem, L Lee Hamm, Harold I Feldman, Jing Chen, Lawrence J Appel, Cheryl A M Anderson, Myles Wolf
Higher diet-dependent nonvolatile acid load is associated with faster chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, but most studies have used estimated acid load or measured only components of the gold standard, net acid excretion (NAE). Here we measured NAE as the sum of urine ammonium and titratable acidity in 24-hour urines from a random subset of 980 participants in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study. In multivariable models accounting for demographics, comorbidity and kidney function, higher NAE was significantly associated with lower serum bicarbonate (0...
November 30, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901060/body-composition-and-bone-mineral-status-in-patients-with-turner-syndrome
#2
Kun Shi, Li Liu, Yao-Juan He, Duan Li, Lian-Xiong Yuan, Gendie E Lash, Li Li
Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with decreased bone mineral density and increased fracture rate. However, the developmental trajectory of bone density or body composition in patients with TS is still unclear. The present study tested the hypothesis that different karyotypes and/or age contributes to abnormal body composition and decreased bone mineral status parameters in patients with TS. This study included 24 girls with TS, in which 13 girls exhibited X0 karyotype and 11 had mosaicism. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) assessed the bone mineral status of the calcaneus, including bone mineral density (BMD), amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SOS), broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and InBody 770 assessed body composition...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893080/travel-associated-zika-virus-disease-acquired-in-the-americas-through-february-2016-a-geosentinel-analysis
#3
Davidson H Hamer, Kira A Barbre, Lin H Chen, Martin P Grobusch, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Abraham Goorhuis, Perry J J van Genderen, Israel Molina, Hilmir Asgeirsson, Phyllis E Kozarsky, Eric Caumes, Stefan H Hagmann, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Gilles Eperon, Elizabeth D Barnett, Emmanuel Bottieau, Andrea K Boggild, Philippe Gautret, Noreen A Hynes, Susan Kuhn, R Ryan Lash, Karin Leder, Michael Libman, Denis J M Malvy, Cecilia Perret, Camilla Rothe, Eli Schwartz, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Martin S Cetron, Douglas H Esposito
Background: Zika virus has spread rapidly in the Americas and has been imported into many nonendemic countries by travelers. Objective: To describe clinical manifestations and epidemiology of Zika virus disease in travelers exposed in the Americas. Design: Descriptive, using GeoSentinel records. Setting: 63 travel and tropical medicine clinics in 30 countries. Patients: Ill returned travelers with a confirmed, probable, or clinically suspected diagnosis of Zika virus disease seen between January 2013 and 29 February 2016...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834968/response-to-comments-on-confidence-of-ophthalmology-trainees-in-the-management-of-posterior-capsule-rupture-and-vitreous-loss
#4
A M J Turnbull, S C Lash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804160/editorial-isolating-the-essential-difference-the-importance-of-choosing-the-right-type-and-sufficient-numbers-of-controls-in-research-on-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-mental-health%C3%A2-conditions
#5
EDITORIAL
Eric Fombonne
The question of what constitutes the most appropriate control group in child psychopathology research remains a vexed question as well as one of the most common issues raised in the referees' reports I read as an editor of JCPP. Yet its importance is often overlooked by authors as they reflect on potential sources of bias in their studies. There is an abundant literature on this question (Rothman, Greenland, & Lash, 2008) that highlights the key issues and pitfalls for research in our field.
November 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788345/population-density-not-host-competence-drives-patterns-of-disease-in-an-invaded-community
#6
Catherine L Searle, Michael H Cortez, Katherine K Hunsberger, Dylan C Grippi, Isabella A Oleksy, Clara L Shaw, Solanus B de la Serna, Chloe L Lash, Kailash L Dhir, Meghan A Duffy
Generalist parasites can strongly influence interactions between native and invasive species. Host competence can be used to predict how an invasive species will affect community disease dynamics; the addition of a highly competent, invasive host is predicted to increase disease. However, densities of invasive and native species can also influence the impacts of invasive species on community disease dynamics. We examined whether information on host competence alone could be used to accurately predict the effects of an invasive host on disease in native hosts...
November 2016: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775128/regioselective-oxidation-and-metalation-of-meso-unsubstituted-azuliporphyrins
#7
Venkata A K Adiraju, Gregory M Ferrence, Timothy D Lash
Azuliporphyrins are intriguing porphyrin analogues that incorporate an azulene ring in place of a pyrrolic unit. This system undergoes regioselective oxidation reactions and favors the formation of stable organometallic derivatives. Reaction of meso-unsubstituted azuliporphyrins with Co2(CO)8 or CoCl2·6H2O gave 21-oxyazuliporphyrins, while Cu(OAc)2 produced the corresponding copper(ii) complexes. Treatment of an oxyazuliporphyrin with Ni(OAc)2 or Pd(OAc)2 afforded analogous nickel(ii) and palladium(ii) derivatives...
October 24, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766525/comparison-of-the-qcon-and-qnox-indices-for-the-assessment-of-unconsciousness-level-and-noxious-stimulation-response-during-surgery
#8
Umberto Melia, Eva Gabarron, Mercé Agustí, Nuria Souto, Patricia Pineda, Joan Fontanet, Montserrat Vallverdu, Erik Weber Jensen, Pedro Gambus
The objective of this work is to compare the performances of two electroencephalogram based indices for detecting loss of consciousness and loss of response to nociceptive stimulation. Specifically, their behaviour after drug induction and during recovery of consciousness was pointed out. Data was recorded from 140 patients scheduled for general anaesthesia with a combination of propofol and remifentanil. The qCON 2000 monitor (Quantium Medical, Barcelona, Spain) was used to calculate the qCON and qNOX. Loss of response to verbal command and loss of eye-lash reflex were assessed during the transition from awake to anesthetized, defining the state of loss of consciousness...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759711/can-down-gaze-during-near-work-cause-peripheral-deprivation-in-asian-eyes
#9
Renfeng Xu, Huachun Wang, Feng Jiang, Chunyan Xue, Zhenping Huang, Arthur Bradley
PURPOSE: We hypothesize that the typically narrower palpebral apertures of East Asian eyes in combination with the narrowing of this aperture during down-gaze combine to reduce light levels and image contrast in the inferior retina during near work, thus creating peripheral deprivation in these eyes that could generate deprivation myopia in children culturally encouraged to perform near work. METHODS: We photographed the right eyes of 53 Chinese children during down-gaze (from 10 to 40 degrees) from the fixation point and the primary gaze position...
December 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753813/ssa-04-4-current-status-in-management-of-hypertension-in-latin-america
#10
Fernando Stuardo Wyss Quintana
Latin America has 23 countries ranging from Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean, of these 19 countries are considered by the WHO as countries with high and very high risk, one of the similarities of our countries is poor access to services health and medicine, resulting from poor government investment in health as the amount used in this sector occupies only the best 3% of the national budget and gross domestic product.Thus we know that the prevalence of hypertension varies widely from country to country and from city to city, presenting in Guatemala a prevalence of 40%, while in other countries in the area ranges between 25 and 35%, most complicated problem is that within the same country as the population this prevalence can vary greatly and have a different impact between populationsTherefore we know that the impact of cardiovascular disease within the range of non-communicable diseases occupies at least 30% and of these about 70% occupied countries of low and moderate income...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734147/laparoscopic-hysterectomy-in-the-overweight-and-obese-does-3d-imaging-make-a-change
#11
Sebastian Berlit, Amadeus Hornemann, Marc Sütterlin, Christel Weiss, Benjamin Tuschy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of three-dimensional (3D) high-definition (HD) visualisation in laparoscopic hysterectomy in normal weight, overweight and obese women. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 180 patients undergoing total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH: n = 90) or laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LASH: n = 90) was performed. The study collective consisted of 90 women (TLH: n = 45, LASH: n = 45), who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy with a 3D HD laparoscopic system...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730015/the-national-institutes-of-health-affordable-cancer-technologies-program-improving-access-to-resource-appropriate-technologies-for-cancer-detection-diagnosis-monitoring-and-treatment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Paul C Pearlman, Rao Divi, Michael Gwede, Pushpa Tandon, Brian S Sorg, Miguel R Ossandon, Lokesh Agrawal, Vinay Pai, Houston Baker, Tiffani Bailey Lash
Point-of-care (POC) technologies have proved valuable in cancer detection, diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment in the developed world, and have shown promise in low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC) as well. Despite this promise, the unique design constraints presented in low-resource settings, coupled with the variety of country-specific regulatory and institutional dynamics, have made it difficult for investigators to translate successful POC cancer interventions to the LMIC markets. In response to this need, the National Cancer Institute has partnered with the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering to create the National Institutes of Health Affordable Cancer Technologies (ACTs) program...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730014/national-institute-of-biomedical-imaging-and-bioengineering-point-of-care-technology-research-network-advancing-precision-medicine
#13
Penny Ford Carleton, Steven Schachter, John A Parrish, John M Collins, J Benjamin Crocker, Ronald F Dixon, Susan Edgman-Levitan, Kent B Lewandrowski, James E Stahl, Catherine Klapperich, Mario Cabodi, Charlotte A Gaydos, Anne M Rompalo, Yukari Manabe, Tza-Huei Wang, Richard Rothman, Chris D Geddes, Lea Widdice, Joany Jackman, Rishi A Mathura, Tiffani Bailey Lash
To advance the development of point-of-care technology (POCT), the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering established the POCT Research Network (POCTRN), comprised of Centers that emphasize multidisciplinary partnerships and close facilitation to move technologies from an early stage of development into clinical testing and patient use. This paper describes the POCTRN and the three currently funded Centers as examples of academic-based organizations that support collaborations across disciplines, institutions, and geographic regions to successfully drive innovative solutions from concept to patient care...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709704/what-lash-stylists-and-dermatologists-should-know
#14
Jakob Dahlin, Monica Hindsén, Christina Persson, Marléne Isaksson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682365/low-gestational-weight-gain-and-risk-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-obese-and-severely-obese-women
#15
Lisa M Bodnar, Sarah J Pugh, Timothy L Lash, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Katherine P Himes, Sara M Parisi, Barbara Abrams
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to estimate associations between gestational weight gain z scores and preterm birth, neonatal intensive care unit admission, large- and small-for-gestational age birth, and cesarean delivery among grades 1, 2, and 3 obese women. METHODS: We included singleton infants born in Pennsylvania (2003-2011) to grade 1 (body mass index 30-34.9 kg/m, n = 148,335), grade 2 (35-39.9 kg/m, n = 72,032), or grade 3 (≥40 kg/m, n = 47,494) obese mothers...
November 2016: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672599/effects-of-upper-lid-blepharoplasty-on-visual-quality-in-patients-with-lash-ptosis-and-dermatochalasis
#16
Seoung Hyun An, Sang Wook Jin, Yoon Hyung Kwon, Won Yeol Ryu, Woo Jin Jeong, Hee Bae Ahn
AIM: To assess the effects of upper lid blepharoplasty on visual quality. METHODS: Seventy-three eyelids of 39 patients were subjected to upper lid blepharoplasty. Pre- and post-operative contrast sensitivity, visual acuity, vertical palpebral aperture and the degree of lash ptosis were measured. RESULTS: The mean log contrast sensitivities under photopic (P=0.017) and scotopic conditions (P=0.009) were improved after surgery, and these differences were significant...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658436/apol1-alpha-thalassemia-and-bcl11a-variants-as-a-genetic-risk-profile-for-progression-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-sickle-cell-anemia
#17
Santosh L Saraf, Binal N Shah, Xu Zhang, Jin Han, Bamidele O Tayo, Taimur Abbasi, Adam Ostrower, Elizabeth Guzman, Robert E Molokie, Michel Gowhari, Johara Hassan, Shivi Jain, Richard S Cooper, Roberto F Machado, James P Lash, Victor R Gordeuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650483/african-ancestry-specific-alleles-and-kidney-disease-risk-in-hispanics-latinos
#18
Holly J Kramer, Adrienne M Stilp, Cathy C Laurie, Alex P Reiner, James Lash, Martha L Daviglus, Sylvia E Rosas, Ana C Ricardo, Bamidele O Tayo, Michael F Flessner, Kathleen F Kerr, Carmen Peralta, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Matt Conomos, Timothy Thornton, Jerome Rotter, Kent D Taylor, Jainwen Cai, John Eckfeldt, Han Chen, George Papanicolau, Nora Franceschini
African ancestry alleles may contribute to CKD among Hispanics/Latinos, but whether associations differ by Hispanic/Latino background remains unknown. We examined the association of CKD measures with African ancestry-specific APOL1 alleles that were directly genotyped and sickle cell trait (hemoglobin subunit β gene [HBB] variant) on the basis of imputation in 12,226 adult Hispanics/Latinos grouped according to Caribbean or Mainland background. We also performed an unbiased genome-wide association scan of urine albumin-to-creatinine ratios...
September 20, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643353/ssa-04-4-current-status-in-management-of-hypertension-in-latin-america
#19
Fernando Stuardo Wyss Quintana
Latin America has 23 countries ranging from Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean, of these 19 countries are considered by the WHO as countries with high and very high risk, one of the similarities of our countries is poor access to services health and medicine, resulting from poor government investment in health as the amount used in this sector occupies only the best 3% of the national budget and gross domestic product.Thus we know that the prevalence of hypertension varies widely from country to country and from city to city, presenting in Guatemala a prevalence of 40%, while in other countries in the area ranges between 25 and 35%, most complicated problem is that within the same country as the population this prevalence can vary greatly and have a different impact between populationsTherefore we know that the impact of cardiovascular disease within the range of non-communicable diseases occupies at least 30% and of these about 70% occupied countries of low and moderate income...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629127/power-morcellation-for-women-undergoing-laparoscopic-supracervical-hysterectomy-safety-of-procedure-and-clinical-experience-from-426-cases
#20
Tomasz Rechberger, Paweł Miotła, Konrad Futyma, Alicja Ziętek, Aleksandra Filipczak, Ewa Rechberger, Justyna Szumiło, Aneta Adamiak-Godlewska
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive gynaecological surgeries are performed for several malignant and nonmalignant indications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the rate of unexpected malignancies among women who underwent laparoscopical supracervical hysterectomy (LASH) with power morcellation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included clinical data of 426 consecutive female patients who underwent LASH with power morcellation due to presumed benign disorders (78...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
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