keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

vaccination, programs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087890/overview-of-the-benefits-and-potential-issues-of-the-nonavalent-hpv-vaccine
#1
REVIEW
Luciano Mariani, Mario Preti, Paolo Cristoforoni, Carlo M Stigliano, Antonio Perino
HPV-related diseases affect anogenital and oropharyngeal regions, heavily affecting the psychosexual dimension of both male and female individuals. HPV vaccination programs based on a bivalent or quadrivalent vaccine have opened broad perspectives for primary prevention. A nonavalent HPV vaccine (9vHPV), covering nine genotypes (HPV6, HPV11, HPV16, HPV18, HPV31, HPV33, HPV45, HPV52, and HPV58), might provide further improvement in terms of direct protection. In the present report, efficacy and safety data from 9vHPV vaccine development programs are examined...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086819/efficacy-safety-and-effectiveness-of-licensed-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#2
Raúl F Velázquez, Alexandre C Linhares, Sergio Muñoz, Pamela Seron, Pedro Lorca, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Eduardo Ortega-Barria
BACKGROUND: RotaTeq™ (RV5; Merck & Co. Inc., USA) and Rotarix™ (RV1, GlaxoSmithKline, Belgium) vaccines, developed to prevent rotavirus diarrhea in children under five years old, were both introduced into national immunization programs in 2006. As many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have included either RV5 or RV1 in their routine childhood vaccination programs, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze efficacy, safety and effectiveness data from the region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081250/cutaneous-deficiency-of-filaggrin-and-stat3-exacerbates-vaccinia-disease-in-vivo
#3
Yong He, Ishrat Sultana, Kazuyo Takeda, Jennifer L Reed
RATIONALE: Defects in filaggrin and STAT3 are associated with atopic dermatitis (AD) and susceptibility to severe skin infection. METHODS: We evaluated skin infection with the current smallpox vaccine, ACAM-2000, in immunosuppressed mice with combined cutaneous deficiency in filaggrin and STAT3. In parallel, early events post-infection with ACAM-2000 were investigated in cultured keratinocytes in which filaggrin expression was knocked down via siRNA. RESULTS: Immunosuppressed, filaggrin-deficient mice, treated with the topical STAT3 inhibitor Stattic® prior to ACAM-2000 infection, demonstrated rapid weight loss, prolonged vaccinia burden in skin, and dermatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079621/effects-of-education-and-information-on-vaccination-behavior-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Sofie Coenen, Ellen Weyts, Cedric Jorissen, Paul De Munter, Maja Noman, Vera Ballet, Séverine Vermeire, Gert Van Assche, Marc Ferrante
BACKGROUND: Despite the existence of international guidelines, vaccination in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been integrated optimally. We developed a thorough education program, and compared its influence on vaccination rates with routine clinical practice in a tertiary IBD center. METHODS: Between December 2014 and March 2015, we included 505 consecutive patients with IBD visiting our outpatient clinic (53% men, 72% Crohn's disease, median age 44 years)...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077864/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-polio-and-polio-immunization-in-polio-high-risk-areas-of-pakistan
#5
Muhammad Atif Habib, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Imtiaz Hussain, Farhana Tabassum, Zamir Suhag, Saeed Anwar, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta
Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only countries where polio is endemic, and Pakistan reports the most cases in the world. Although the rate is lower than in previous years, the situation remains alarming. We conducted a mixed methods study in high-risk areas of Pakistan to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices of target populations about polio vaccine and its eradication, and to estimate coverage of routine immunization and oral polio vaccine. We surveyed 10,685 households in Karachi, 2522 in Pishin, and 2005 in Bajaur...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077698/detection-of-antigenic-variants-of-swine-subtype-h3-influenza-a-viruses-from-clinical-samples
#6
Brigitte E Martin, Andrew S Bowman, Lei Li, Jacqueline M Nolting, David R Smith, Larry A Hanson, Xiu-Feng Wan
A large population of genetically and antigenically diverse influenza A viruses (IAVs) are circulating among the swine population, playing an important role in influenza ecology. Swine IAVs not only cause outbreaks among swine, but they can also be transmitted to humans, causing sporadic infections and even pandemic outbreaks. Antigenic characterization of swine IAVs are key to understanding the natural history of these viruses in swine and to selecting strains for effective vaccines. However, influenza outbreaks generally spread rapidly among swine, and the conventional methods for antigenic characterization require virus propagation, a time-consuming process that can significantly reduce the effectiveness of vaccination programs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076428/does-measles-vaccination-reduce-the-risk-of-acute-respiratory-infection-ari-and-diarrhea-in-children-a-multi-country-study
#7
Rahul Bawankule, Abhishek Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sadanand Shetye
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and diarrhea occur either as complications or secondary infections in measles affected children. So, the integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) by WHO and UNICEF includes measles vaccination as preventive measure in children. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of measles vaccination on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and diarrhea in children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the most recent rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the selected countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075671/hospitalization-rates-for-intussusception-in-children-aged-0-59%C3%A2-months-from-2009-to-2014-in-italy
#8
Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Fabio Tramuto, Francesco Vitale
The real cause of intussusception is not fully understood and a variety of conditions have been associated with it (Meckel diverticulum, polyps, duplication cysts, parasites, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, cystic fibrosis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome and infectious gastroenteritis). Furthermore few European countries, following WHO recommendation to monitor baseline incidence of intussusception before implementation of immunization program for rotavirus, used intussusception rate as a baseline value to compare the same figures in the period before and after introduction of vaccination...
January 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074443/knowledge-behaviors-and-attitudes-about-human-papilloma-virus-among-nursing-students-in-izmir-turkey
#9
Hatice Bal-Yılmaz, Deborah Koniak-Griffin
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is transmitted through sexual contact and can cause cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to determine knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes about human papillomavirus (HPV) in nursing students in a baccalaureate program. This study was conducted with a sample of 624 students. Data were collected via questionnaires administered during the first class time. Students' knowledge about HPV was high; 90.5% knew HPV can cause cervical cancer; 94.6% recognized it as a sexually transmitted disease...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073985/population-based-pertussis-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-infants-less-than-6-months-in-nepal
#10
Michelle M Hughes, Janet A Englund, Jane Kuypers, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C LeClerq, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz
BACKGROUND: Pertussis is estimated to cause 2 percent of childhood deaths globally and is a growing public health problem in developed countries despite high vaccination coverage. Infants are at greatest risk of morbidity and mortality. Maternal vaccination during pregnancy may be effective to prevent pertussis in young infants, but population-based estimates of disease burden in infants are lacking, particularly in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of pertussis in infants less than 6 months of age in Sarlahi District, Nepal...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072958/-investigation-on-immunization-program-coverage-rate-and-its-safety-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis
#11
Y Gao, L P Zou, M N Zhang, L Y Pang, Y Y Wang, S F Ma, L L Huang
Objective: To investigate the status of immunization of National Immunization Program (NIP) and its adverse reaction rate in children with tuberous sclerosis. Method: Questionnaire survey was adopted to identify the vaccination coverage and its adverse events; 72 cases of children with tuberous sclerosis and 78 normal controls (healthy children completing age-appropriate NIP) admitted to Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from December 2014 to November 2015 were involved into this study. Result: The age-appropriate NIP coverage rate of tuberous sclerosis was 36%(26/72)...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072845/tuberculosis-detection-in-paratuberculosis-vaccinated-calves-new-alternatives-against-interference
#12
Miriam Serrano, Natalia Elguezabal, Iker A Sevilla, María V Geijo, Elena Molina, Rakel Arrazuria, Alfonso Urkitza, Gareth J Jones, Martin Vordermeier, Joseba M Garrido, Ramón A Juste
Paratuberculosis vaccination in cattle has been restricted due to its possible interference with the official diagnostic methods used in tuberculosis eradication programs. To overcome this drawback, new possibilities to detect Mycobacterium bovis infected cattle in paratuberculosis vaccinated animals were studied under experimental conditions. Three groups of 5 calves each were included in the experiment: one paratuberculosis vaccinated group, one paratuberculosis vaccinated and M. bovis infected group and one M...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070572/electrostatic-layer-by-layer-construction-of-fibrous-tmv-biofilms
#13
Brylee David B Tiu, Daniel L Kernan, Sicily B Tiu, Amy M Wen, Yi Zheng, Jonathan K Pokorski, Rigoberto C Advincula, Nicole F Steinmetz
As nature's choice in designing complex architectures, the bottom-up assembly of nanoscale building blocks offers unique solutions in achieving more complex and smaller morphologies with wide-ranging applications in medicine, energy, and materials science as compared to top-down manufacturing. In this work, we employ charged tobacco mosaic virus (TMV-wt and TMV-lys) nanoparticles in constructing multilayered fibrous networks via electrostatic layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition. In neutral aqueous media, TMV-wt assumes an anionic surface charge...
January 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070010/low-level-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-children-20-years-after-initiation-of-infant-vaccination-program-in-wallis-and-futuna
#14
Lorenzo Pezzoli, Jean Pierre Mathelin, Karen Hennessey, Padmasiri Eswara-Aratchige, Jayaprakash Valiakolleri, Sung Hye Kim
The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Wallis and Futuna (WAF) was one of the highest in the Pacific and was the driving factor for introducing hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination in 1992 and HepB birth dose (HepB-BD) in 2006. Using transmission assessment survey (TAS) as a survey platform for eliminating lymphatic filariasis (LF), we assessed HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) seroprevalence, HepB vaccination coverage, and its timeliness among schoolchildren in WAF. From one finger prick of all registered fourth and fifth grade students, we tested HBsAg and filariasis antigen simultaneously, and estimated HepB vaccination coverage and timeliness by reviewing students' immunization cards...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068918/seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-pregnant-women-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-in-italy
#15
Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Italo Francesco Angelillo
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors towards seasonal influenza and its vaccination among pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among a sample of women in the second or third trimester of pregnancy in Italy. RESULTS: The 64.2% of the sample knew that the influenza is more dangerous for pregnant women. Women of older age, Italian, and who had a pregnancy at high-risk were more likely to have this knowledge...
January 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068211/cost-analysis-of-measles-in-refugees-arriving-at-los-angeles-international-airport-from-malaysia
#16
Margaret S Coleman, Heather M Burke, Bethany L Welstead, Tarissa Mitchell, Eboni M Taylor, Dmitry Shapovalov, Brian A Maskery, Heesoo Joo, Michelle Weinberg
Background On August 24, 2011, 31 U.S.-bound refugees from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (KL) arrived in Los Angeles. One of them was diagnosed with measles post-arrival. He exposed others during a flight, and persons in the community while disembarking and seeking medical care. As a result, nine cases of measles were identified. Methods We estimated costs of response to this outbreak and conducted a comparative cost analysis examining what might have happened had all U.S.-bound refugees been vaccinated before leaving Malaysia...
January 9, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067093/rotavirus-epidemiology-5-6-years-after-universal-rotavirus-vaccination-persistent-rotavirus-activity-in-older-children-and-elderly
#17
Jukka Markkula, Maria Hemming-Harlo, Marjo T Salminen, Carita Savolainen-Kopra, Jaana Pirhonen, Haider Al-Hello, Timo Vesikari
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) vaccination using RotaTeq(®) vaccine exclusively was introduced into Finnish National Immunization Program (NIP) in 2009, and soon reached high (≥90%) coverage. Since mid-2013, all stool samples from laboratory diagnosed cases of RV gastroenteritis in the entire country have been typed. METHODS: 364 RV positive stool samples collected from clinical laboratories over a 2-year period were G- and P-typed using RT-PCR, and the results were confirmed by sequencing...
January 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064259/maternal-and-neonatal-tetanus-a-journey-into-oblivion
#18
Jasmeet Sidhu, Pooja Dewan, Piyush Gupta
India was declared free of maternal and neonatal tetanus on 15th May, 2015. The journey towards its elimination from India has not been easy, and sustained efforts will be required to maintain this status. As the schedule of tetanus vaccination during pregnancy has been same across various health programs by the Government of India, we deliberated to find out other factors that contributed to a decline in maternal and neonatal tetanus in India. The emphasis on augmenting antenatal care services, increasing institutional deliveries and improving routine vaccination coverage are factors that might have led to a reduction in cases of neonatal tetanus...
December 15, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060810/whole-genome-sequence-analysis-of-salmonella-typhi-isolated-in-thailand-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-a-national-immunization-program
#19
Zoe A Dyson, Duy Pham Thanh, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Carl Jeffries Mason, Apichai Srijan, Maia A Rabaa, Phat Voong Vinh, Tuyen Ha Thanh, Guy E Thwaites, Stephen Baker, Kathryn E Holt
Vaccines against Salmonella Typhi, the causative agent of typhoid fever, are commonly used by travellers, however, there are few examples of national immunization programs in endemic areas. There is therefore a paucity of data on the impact of typhoid immunization programs on localised populations of S. Typhi. Here we have used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to characterise 44 historical bacterial isolates collected before and after a national typhoid immunization program that was implemented in Thailand in 1977 in response to a large outbreak; the program was highly effective in reducing typhoid case numbers...
January 6, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060576/evagreen-based-multiplex-real-time-pcr-assay-for-rapid-differentiation-of-wild-type-and-glycoprotein-e-deleted-bovine-herpesvirus-1-strains
#20
Sachin S Pawar, Chetan D Meshram, Niraj K Singh, Mohini Saini, B P Mishra, Praveen K Gupta
Bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) is an important viral pathogen causing significant economic losses to the cattle industry. Glycoprotein E-deleted marker vaccines form the basis for BoHV-1 control programs widely, wherein detection and differentiation of wild-type and gE-deleted vaccine strains is of crucial importance for proper disease management. In the present study, we report an EvaGreen-based multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (EGRT-PCR) assay for rapid differentiation of wild-type and glycoprotein E-deleted strains of BoHV-1...
January 6, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
71940
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"