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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352452/the-determinants-of-reduced-dietary-intake-in-hospitalised-colorectal-cancer-patients
#1
Anne van der Werf, Katherine Arthey, Michael Hiesmayr, Isabella Sulz, Karin Schindler, Alessandro Laviano, Jacqueline Langius, Marian de van der Schueren
PURPOSE: Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) often experience malnutrition and weight loss, largely resulting from reduced dietary intake. The aim of this study was to identify determinants of reduced dietary intake in order to facilitate early recognition of malnutrition and optimise nutritional treatment. METHODS: Data from nutritionDay, an international 1-day survey investigating patient, disease and food profiles, were used. To identify determinants of dietary intake, defined as normal vs...
January 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352070/review-of-extraocular-muscle-biopsies-and-utility-of-biopsy-in-extraocular-muscle-enlargement
#2
Edwina L Eade, Thomas G Hardy, Penelope A McKelvie, Alan A McNab
AIMS: To review the distribution of pathology in extraocular muscle (EOM) biopsies performed at a tertiary orbital centre, identify clinical and imaging features which are associated with benign or malignant diseases and indicate when biopsy is necessary for EOM enlargement. METHODS: Retrospective case series including 93 patients with EOM enlargement who underwent an EOM biopsy. Clinical, radiological and histopathological information was recorded from the medical records...
January 19, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350332/sleep-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-associations-with-disease-activity-gender-and-mood
#3
Alison Wadeley, Emily Clarke, Shaaron Leverment, Raj Sengupta
The study aims were to assess the prevalence of good or poor sleep in a cohort of axial spondyloarthritis patients and to investigate its correlation with a range of objectively and subjectively measured variables in order to develop a model for distinguishing good from poor sleepers. Five hundred ninety-eight patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 61 with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis completed the Jenkins Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire. Measures of disease activity, mobility, function, mood, fatigue, quality of life, work productivity, night-time pain and general health were gathered...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349965/-clinical-characteristics-analysis-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-with-symptom-aggravated-caused-by-spinal-manipulative-therapy
#4
Feng Zhao, Jun-Peng Pei, Pan Diao, Zhi-Li Meng, Yuan Sun, Sheng-Li Huang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the characteristics of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with symptom aggravated caused by spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: Detailed clinical profiles of a total number of 10 LDH patients with symptoms aggravated after SMT were reviewed including 5 males and 5 females with age from 46 to 68 years old, 7 patients of them were more than 50 years old. The clinical data of 10 patients were analyzed involving age, gender, clinical symptoms, signs, imaging findings, surgical treatment and prognosis...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349847/increased-pain-sensitivity-in-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-coexistent-with-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#5
S Ashina, R B Lipton, L Bendtsen, N Hajiyeva, D C Buse, A C Lyngberg, R Jensen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is common in the general population and in individuals with primary headaches. We assessed the relative frequency of self-reported back pain in persons with and without primary headaches and examined pain sensitivity. METHOD: A population of 796 individuals completed a headache interview based on ICHD criteria and provided data of interest in a self-administered questionnaire. Headache cases were classified into chronic (≥15) (CH) or episodic (<15 headache days/month) (EH)...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344986/evaluation-of-bowel-function-in-healthy-children-untreated-constipation-is-common
#6
Helena Lindgren, Malin Carvalho Nejstgaard, Martin Salö, Pernilla Stenström
AIM: We evaluated bowel function in healthy children with regard to gender and age. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2016 at a tertiary children's hospital. Healthy children aged 3.5-15 years old who were admitted to the hospital, siblings to patients, or offspring of staff members were included. Validated self-report questionnaires, and internally developed questions regarding obstructive outlet- and gas-related symptoms were used. RESULTS: A total of 310 participants (50% girls) were included, which corresponded to a 94% answer frequency...
January 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342356/the-dark-side-of-total-synthesis-strategies-and-tactics-in-psychoactive-drug-production
#7
Schuyler A Chambers, Jenna M DeSousa, Eric D Huseman, Steven D Townsend
Humankind has used and abused psychoactive drugs for millennia. Formally, a psychoactive drug is any agent that alters cognition and mood. The term "psychotropic drug" is neutral and describes the entire class of substrates, licit and illicit, of interest to governmental drug policy. While these drugs are prescribed for issues ranging from pain management to anxiety, they are also used recreationally. In fact, the current opioid epidemic is the deadliest drug crisis in American history. While the topic is highly politicized with racial, gender, and socioeconomic elements, there's no denying the toll drug mis- and overuse is taking on this country...
January 17, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342105/neuroimmune-driven-neuropathic-pain-establishment-a-focus-on-gender-differences
#8
REVIEW
Vincenzo Coraggio, Francesca Guida, Serena Boccella, Mariantonietta Scafuro, Salvatore Paino, Domenico Romano, Sabatino Maione, Livio Luongo
The role of neuroinflammatory cells in the establishment of neuropathic pain has been investigated in depth in the last few years. In particular, microglia have been shown to be key players in the induction of tactile allodynia, as they release proinflammatory molecules that, in turn, sensitize nociceptive neurons within the spinal cord. However, the role of peripheral immune cells such as macrophages, infiltrating monocytes, mast cells, and T-cells has been highlighted in the last few studies, even though the data are still conflicting and need to be clarified...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330975/emergency-inguinal-hernia-repair-comparison-of-desarda-s-versus-darning-technique
#9
Adeel Hussain, Syed Mehsam, Mansab Ali, Shahid Rasul, Sughra Parveen, Ahson Memon
BACKGROUND: Emergency inguinal hernia repair remains the commonest operation performed by general surgeons all over the world. The aim of this study was to compare the mean operative time, post-operative pain, wound infection and early recurrence between Desarda's and Darning emergency inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial conducted at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. A total of 186 patients of male gender between ages 20-60 years with incarcerated, obstructed and strangulated inguinal hernia were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#10
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330666/heidegger-communication-and-healthcare
#11
Casey Rentmeester
Communication between medical professionals and patients is an important aspect of therapy and patient satisfaction. Common barriers that get in the way of effective communication in this sphere include: (1) gender, age, and cultural differences; (2) physical or psychological discomfort or pain; (3) medical literacy; and (4) distraction due to technological factors or simply being overworked. The author examines these communicative barriers from a philosophical lens and then utilizes Martin Heidegger's phenomenology and hermeneutics to provide guidance for medical professional-patient interactions...
January 12, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330577/asymptomatic-population-reference-values-for-three-knee-patient-reported-outcomes-measures-evaluation-of-an-electronic-data-collection-system-and-implications-for-future-international-multi-centre-cohort-studies
#12
James M McLean, Oscar Brumby-Rendell, Ryan Lisle, Jacob Brazier, Kieran Dunn, Tiffany Gill, Catherine L Hill, Daniel Mandziak, Jordan Leith
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess whether the Knee Society Score, Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) were comparable in asymptomatic, healthy, individuals of different age, gender and ethnicity, across two remote continents. The purpose of this study was to establish normal population values for these scores using an electronic data collection system. HYPOTHESIS: There is no difference in clinical knee scores in an asymptomatic population when comparing age, gender and ethnicity, across two remote continents...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329826/gender-differences-in-presentation-treatment-and-in-hospital-outcome-of-patients-admitted-with-heart-failure-complicated-by-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-get-with-the-guidelines-heart-failure-gwtg-hf-registry
#13
Mitra Daneshvar, Nayan Desai, John Andriulli, Matthew Ortman, Eben Eno, Krystal Hunter, Andrea M Russo
Almost 25% of patients with heart failure (HF) have coexisting atrial fibrillation (AF), the latter of which may increase morbidity and mortality. Despite the high prevalence of HF with concomitant AF, this subgroup of patients remains understudied. This study examines gender differences in presentation, treatment and in-hospital outcome of patients with HF and AF. The Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF) database enrolled 6,496 patients with HF who presented to Cooper University Hospital from 2005 to 2012...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329750/women-and-the-experience-of-pain-and-opioid-use-disorder-a-literature-based-commentary
#14
Andrew L Koons, Marna Rayl Greenberg, Robert D Cannon, Gillian A Beauchamp
It is generally understood that pain experience and opioid abuse have relied on male-dominated models. However, sex and gender play a role in both pain experience and opioid use disorder. Using the previously validated Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Sex and Gender Specific Health PubMed Advanced Search Tool, the authors used pertinent literature to develop this literature-based commentary on sex and gender differences in pain experience and opioid use disorder. Women report their experience of pain more frequently, have increased rates of diagnoses related to pain, have increased pain sensitivity, and have a variable response to pain and analgesia...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327980/effects-of-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-on-raynaud-s-disease
#15
Sami Karapolat, Atila Turkyilmaz, Celal Tekinbas
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's disease is a disorder that is characterized by attacks of pain, cyanosis, redness, and numbness in the upper extremities caused by vasospasm of digital arteries due to cold or emotional stress. We aimed at demonstrating our experiences with endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) in the treatment of Raynaud's disease. METHODS: From 48 patients who underwent ETS for various reasons at our department between January 2014 and January 2015, we reviewed 9 patients with Raynaud's disease (18...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327826/correlation-between-hypermobility-score-and-injury-rate-in-artistic-gymnastics
#16
Bojan Bukva, Goran Vrgoč, Dejan Madić, Goran Sporiš, Nebojša Trajković
BACKGROUND: Generalized Joint Hypermobility (GJH) is suggested as a contributing factor for injuries in young athletes and adults. It is presumed that GJH causes decreased joint stability, thereby increasing the risk of joint and soft tissue injuries during sports activities. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the hypermobility rate (using the Beighton`s modification of the Carter-Wilkinson criteria of hypermobility) in gymnasts and injury rate, during the period of one year...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327593/the-impact-of-age-and-gender-on-the-icf-based-assessment-of-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Elisabeth Fehrmann, Simone Kotulla, Linda Fischer, Thomas Kienbacher, Kerstin Tuechler, Patrick Mair, Gerold Ebenbichler, Birgit Paul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of age and gender on the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)-based assessment for chronic low back pain. METHODS: Two hundred forty-four chronic low back pain patients (52% female) with a mean age of 49 years (SD =17.64) were interviewed with the comprehensive ICF core set for activities and participation, and environmental factors. After conducting explorative factor analysis, the impact of age and gender on the different factors was analyzed using analyzes of variances...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325836/interleukin-6-and-leptin-levels-are-associated-with-preoperative-pain-severity-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-but-not-with-acute-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Syed Azim, James Nicholson, Mario J Rebecchi, William Galbavy, Tian Feng, Sabeen Rizwan, Ruth A Reinsel, Martin Kaczocha, Helene Benveniste
BACKGROUND: Identifying drivers of pain that can serve as novel drug targets is important for improving perioperative analgesia. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with significant postoperative pain. Cytokines contribute to the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA) and associated pain. However, the influence of perioperative cytokine levels after TKA surgery upon postoperative pain remains unexplored. METHODS: We designed a prospective observational study to profile three proinflammatory cytokines, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and leptin in serum, synovial, and cerebrospinal fluid of TKA patients perioperatively to determine associations between cytokine levels and pain...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323228/relationships-between-type-of-pain-and-work-participation-in-people-with-long-standing-spinal-cord-injury-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Ellen H Roels, Michiel F Reneman, Janneke Stolwijk-Swuste, Charlotte C van Laake-Geelen, Sonja de Groot, Jacinthe J E Adriaansen, Marcel W M Post
STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre, cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationships between the presence of (different types of) pain and participation in paid work in people with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI). Furthermore, the associations of pain-related work limitations, age, gender, relationship, education, lesion level, and time since injury (TSI) with work participation (WP) were investigated. SETTING: The Netherlands...
January 11, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322342/alcohol-and-disease-activity-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sizheng Zhao, Daniel Thong, Stephen J Duffield, David Hughes, Nicola J Goodson
The objective of this study was to explore associations between alcohol consumption and disease activity in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). We conducted a cross-sectional study of axSpA participants meeting the ASAS criteria. Associations between self-reported current alcohol use and disease activity (BASDAI, spinal pain, ASDAS), functional impairment (BASFI), and quality of life were explored using multivariable linear models, adjusting for age, gender, symptom duration, use of TNF inhibition therapy, smoking, deprivation, and anxiety and depression (A&D)...
January 10, 2018: Rheumatology International
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