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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776852/indications-for-mars-mri-in-patients-treated-with-articular-surface-replacement-xl-total-hip-arthroplasty
#1
James W Connelly, Vincent P Galea, Inari Laaksonen, Sean J Matuszak, Rami Madanat, Orhun Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify which patient and clinical factors are predictive of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) and to use these factors to create a highly sensitive algorithm for indicating metal artifact reduction sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MARS-MRI) in Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) XL total hip arthroplasty patients. Our secondary aim was to compare our algorithm to existing national guidelines on when to take MARS-MRI in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty patients...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776346/a-systematic-review-of-the-risk-factors-for-clinical-response-to-opioids-for-all-age-patients-with-cancer-related-pain-and-presentation-of-the-paediatric-stop-pain-study
#2
Ersilia Lucenteforte, Laura Vagnoli, Alessandra Pugi, Giada Crescioli, Niccolò Lombardi, Roberto Bonaiuti, Maurizio Aricò, Sabrina Giglio, Andrea Messeri, Alessandro Mugelli, Alfredo Vannacci, Valentina Maggini
BACKGROUND: Inter-patient variability in response to opioids is well known but a comprehensive definition of its pathophysiological mechanism is still lacking and, more importantly, no studies have focused on children. The STOP Pain project aimed to evaluate the risk factors that contribute to clinical response and adverse drug reactions to opioids by means of a systematic review and a clinical investigation on paediatric oncological patients. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search in EMBASE and PubMed up to the 24th of November 2016 following Cochrane Handbook and PRISMA guidelines...
May 18, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775691/pain-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-study
#3
Tatiana Talya Fleishman, Jacob Dreiher, Pesach Shvartman
CONTEXT: Pain is a common complaint in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, yet is often inadequately assessed and undertreated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence, characteristics, intensity, and impact of pain in MHD patients. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted between 2013 and 2015, 336 MHD patients from five hemodialysis units in hospitals owned by Clalit were interviewed and evaluated. Study tools included the Brief Pain Inventory, The Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs pain scale, demographic and clinical characteristics...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772106/the-relationships-between-pain-catastrophizing-subcomponents-and-multiple-pain-related-outcomes-in-japanese-outpatients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Tomonori Adachi, Aya Nakae, Tomoyuki Maruo, Kenrin Shi, Lynn Maeda, Youichi Saitoh, Masahiko Shibata, Jun Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to examine associations between the pain catastrophizing subcomponents and multiple pain-related outcomes in Japanese individuals with chronic pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed with 213 chronic pain outpatients. The participants were recruited from three units at one university hospital and from a pain clinic at a municipal hospital. Study measures were used to assess pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression, pain interference, and pain severity...
May 17, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770505/poor-self-reported-sleep-quality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis
#5
Jesús Castro-Marrero, Maria C Zaragozá, Sergio González-Garcia, Luisa Aliste, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Odile Romero, Alex Ferré, Tomás Fernández de Sevilla, José Alegre
Non-restorative sleep is a hallmark symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. However, little is known about self-reported sleep disturbances in these subjects. This study aimed to assess the self-reported sleep quality and its impact on quality of life in a Spanish community-based chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis cohort. A prospective cross-sectional cohort study was conducted in 1,455 Spanish chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis patients. Sleep quality, fatigue, pain, functional capacity impairment, psychopathological status, anxiety/depression and health-related quality of life were assessed using validated subjective measures...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770054/new-vaccine-administration-practice-recommendations-from-the-canadian-immunization-guide
#6
C Jensen, D Moore, C Mah, O Baclic, S Marchant-Short
Background: The Canadian Immunization Guide (CIG) is published online by the Public Health Agency of Canada and summarizes guidance on vaccines for human use into a single resource. Chapters are reviewed and updated on a regular basis. Vaccine administration is a critical part of any immunization program. Recently, the CIG chapter on vaccine administration practices was updated. Objective: To provide highlights of recent changes to the Vaccine Administration Practices chapter of the CIG...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769111/predictors-of-back-disorder-among-almeda-textile-factory-workers-north-ethiopia
#7
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Asmelash Tekie Demoz, Haimanot Gebrehiwot Moges, Ansha Nega Ahmmed
OBJECTIVES: To guide the development of targeted interventions for the prevention of work-related back pain, this manuscript estimates the prevalence of back pain and its association with a variety of risk factors among Almeda textile factory production works from March to April 2015. An institutional-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Almeda textile factory, North Ethiopia. Randomly selected workers were administered a structured questionnaire about their socio-economic status, lifestyle, working conditions, back pain and selected risk factors...
May 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769090/comparing-morbidities-of-bone-graft-harvesting-from-the-anterior-iliac-crest-and-proximal-tibia-a-retrospective-study
#8
Ying-Cheng Huang, Chun-Yu Chen, Kai-Cheng Lin, Jenn-Huei Renn, Yih-Wen Tarng, Chien-Jen Hsu, Wei-Ning Chang, Shan-Wei Yang
BACKGROUND: The anterior iliac crest (AIC) and proximal tibia (PT) are common donor sites for autologous bone graft harvesting. We compared pain levels at these harvest sites on 1 day, 5 days, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks post-harvest. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 18 patients undergoing autologous bone grafting surgery at a level I trauma center between June 2013 and October 2014. Ten grafts were harvested from the AIC group and eight from the PT group...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767912/gender-differences-in-the-perception-of-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#9
Isadora Trinquinato, Rodrigo Marques da Silva, Sonia Betzabeth Ticona Benavente, Camila Cristine Antonietti, Ana Lúcia Siqueira Costa Calache
OBJECTIVES: To identify the gender differences in assessing quality of life of patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment for colorectal cancer. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional investigation conducted with 144 patients (72 men and 72 women) undergoing chemotherapy treatment in a southeastern Brazilian hospital. Data were gathered trough a sociodemographic and clinical information form and the Health-related Quality of Life instrument from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766936/risk-factors-symptom-severity-and-functional-status-among-patients-with-carpel-tunnel-syndrome
#10
F Sharief, J Kanmani, S Kumar
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome refers to a constellation of symptoms resulting from compression of the median nerve at the wrist. The characteristic symptoms include pain and numbness in the hands. Aim: To identify the risk factors responsible for carpal tunnel syndrome, to identify the symptom severity as well as functional status of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, and to determine the relationship between symptom severity and functional status among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766459/cognitive-functioning-in-chiari-malformation-type-i-without-posterior-fossa-surgery
#11
Maitane García, Esther Lázaro, Juan Francisco López-Paz, Oscar Martínez, Manuel Pérez, Sarah Berrocoso, Mohammad Al-Rashaida, Imanol Amayra
Chiari Malformation type I (CM-I) is a neurological disorder characterized by a displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. Most research has focused on physical symptomatology but few studies include neuropsychological examinations. Moreover, although current research highlights the involvement of the cerebellum on higher cognitive functions, little is known about cognitive consequences associated with CM-I. The aim of this study is to analyze cognitive functioning between 39 CM-I patients and 39 healthy controls, matched by gender, age and years of education...
May 15, 2018: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765877/gender-related-differences-in-reliability-of-thorax-lumbar-and-pelvis-kinematics-during-gait-in-patients-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#12
Rasool Bagheri, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mehdi Dadgoo, Amir Ahmadi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Amir-Salar Jafarpisheh
Objective: To evaluate test-retest reliability of trunk kinematics relative to the pelvis during gait in two groups (males and females) of patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NCLBP) using three-dimensional motion capture system. Methods: A convenience sample of 40 NCLBP participants (20 males and 20 females) was evaluated in two sessions. Participants were asked to walk with self-selected speed and kinematics of thorax and lumbar spine were captured using a 6-infrared-cameras motion-analyzer system...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765218/the-effects-of-maras-powder-use-on-patients-with-migraine
#13
Yılmaz İnanç, Fatma Özlem Orhan, Yusuf İnanç
Background: It is accepted that smoking often triggers migraine. However, studies evaluating the relationship between the use of smokeless tobacco and migraine are limited, and there is no clear consensus on the subject. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the relationship between migraine and Maras powder, which is the most common smokeless tobacco in Turkey. Subjects and methods: The study included a total of 600 subjects, consisting of 300 patients (aged >18 years) diagnosed with a migraine according to the International Headache Society (IHS-ICHD-3 Beta) criteria after presenting at Sütçü Imam University Medical Faculty Neurology Policlinic with the complaint of headache between July 2016 and December 2016 and a control group of 300 individuals with similar features of age, gender, and educational level...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764554/-efficacy-and-safety-of-nalbuphine-on-analgesia-of-patients-in-intensive-care-unit
#14
Shaohua Liu, Youdong Wan, Yonggang Luo, Li Wan, Wenjing Yun, Haixu Wang, Zhenhua Wang, Xiaoguang Duan, Ruifang Zhang, Yingying Zhao, Hongwei Cui, Tongwen Sun
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy and safety of nalbuphine in patients with sedative analgesia in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A prospective observation was conducted. The adult patients with mild and moderate analgesia in general ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January to November in 2017 were enrolled, and they were divided into nalbuphine group and sufentanil group in proper order. The nabobrown group was given 40 mg nabobrown, the sufentanil group was given 0...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762925/association-between-myxomatous-mitral-valve-disease-and-skeletal-back-abnormalities
#15
Alireza Movahed, David Majdalany, Marc Gillinov, William Schiavone
BACKGROUND: Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is one of the most prevalent valvular heart diseases, while back pain, neck pain and upper-extremity numbness are some of the most common complaints in outpatient settings. Decreased thoracic kyphosis (straight back) is a known cause of hastening back or neck problems, radiculopathy, or even myelopathy. The study aim was to examine the relationship between MMVD, straight back, and the need for cervical fusion. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, patients who underwent mitral valve repair or replacement due to MMVD (cases) based on age, gender and body mass index (BMI), were matched with patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and had no history of mitral valve disease (controls)...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761224/cardiopulmonary-factors-affecting-6-min-walk-distance-in-patients-with-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies
#16
Naoki Mugii, Fujiko Someya
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies involve skeletal muscles and can be associated with interstitial lung disease and/or heart dysfunction, which may reduce exercise capacity. We aimed to clarify cardiopulmonary factors affecting the 6-min walk distance in patients who were able to walk without leg pain or fatigue. Twenty-three patients with inactive adult idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, and 18 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were evaluated for hemodynamic responses using noninvasive impedance cardiography during the 6-min walk test...
May 14, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758175/do-different-modes-of-delivering-postoperative-instructions-to-patients-help-reduce-the-side-effects-of-tooth-extraction-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Rasoul Gheisari, Fatemeh Resalati, Sattar Mahmoudi, Ali Golkari, Seyed Ali Mosaddad
PURPOSE: Postoperative instructions that are properly delivered can decrease postextraction side effects, such as stress, anxiety, and pain, in patients undergoing dental extraction. This study examined the role of the mode of delivering postoperative instructions in decreasing the side effects of dental extraction and increasing patient satisfaction after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on a population of 120 patients presenting to the oral and maxillofacial outpatient clinic affiliated with the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Iran) in 2015...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756314/exploring-attentional-biases-towards-facial-expressions-of-pain-in-men-and-women
#18
E Keogh, F Cheng, S Wang
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal factors may help explain why men and women differ in their perception and expression of pain. Whilst the focus is often on the person in pain, how observers respond to those in pain is important. This study explored whether male-female differences exist in the way observers attend to expressions of pain in others. METHODS: 53 adults (26 females) completed a visual dot-probe task, to measure selective attentional biases to facial expressions of pain and fear...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756097/evaluation-of-stressors-in-intensive-care-units
#19
Yücel Gültekin, Zerrin Özçelik, Seda Banu Akıncı, Halil Kaya Yorgancı
Objective: Physical and psychological stressors adversely affect the treatment and length of stay of patients in intensive care units. In this study, we aimed to describe environmental and psychological stressors affecting intensive care unit patients and to determine their priorities. Material and Methods: In this study, the 40-item Intensive Care Unit Environmental Stressor Scale was administered to patients in the General Surgery Intensive Care Unit and the Anesthesiology and Reanimation Intensive Care Unit...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753167/the-frequency-of-re-surgery-after-lumbar-disc-nucleoplasty-in-a-ten-year-period
#20
Stephan Klessinger
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous disc nucleoplasty (PDN) is a minimally invasive technique. A portion of the nucleus tissue is ablated using the Coblation technique. Re-surgery is an important factor for the clinical outcome. However, the rate of subsequent surgery after PDN is still unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the frequency of an additional open surgery after PDN in a retrospective of more than ten years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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