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pain gender

Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Nubia A Mayorga, Joseph W Ditre, Michael J Zvolensky
Pain and pain related problems affect a significant proportion of the United States population. Past research suggests that emotional distress is associated with more severe and disabling pain experience. Yet, it is less clear how individual reactions to distress are related to pain experience. Distress tolerance, defined as the perceived ability to withstand cognitive, affective, or physical distress, is an individual difference factor that may be particularly important to understanding the experience of pain...
March 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Anabela G Silva, Pedro Sá Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto, Nelson P Rocha
STUDY DESIGN: cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe how pain at multiple body sites is associated after controlling for other predictive factors such as age, gender, sleeping hours, time spent in physical activity and time spent in screening based activities in adolescents aged 13 to 19 years old. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The prevalence of multisite pain in adolescents is high but studies investigating the patterns of association between painful body sites are scarce...
March 19, 2018: Spine
Lindsay A McGrath, Kahmi Satchi, Alan A McNab
PURPOSE: Acute noninfectious dacryocystic retention is an under-recognized condition heralded by painful lacrimal sac swelling, obstruction, and epiphora. This longitudinal chart review aimed to estimate the incidence of this condition in an urban Australian population, while further defining the signs and symptoms of the disease and options for management. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1,593 consecutive patients presenting with acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and epiphora between 1990 and 2015...
August 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Simone Zanella, Francesco Buccelletti, Francesco Franceschi, Claudio Ramponi, Federica Spagnolli, Gianpaolo Sacchetti, Giovanna Oliva
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the usefulness of Arnica compositum (AC) + Acidum nitricum (AN) + Hekla lava (HL) ointment in Emergency Medicine Department (EMD) as alternative non-pharmacological local treatment of patients with symptomatic calcific periarthritis of the shoulder (CPS) and to compare the effectiveness of this mixture against AC ointment alone. METHODS: A series of 41 consecutive patients (20 women, 19 men, median age 49 years, range 25-80 years) with non-traumatic painful unilateral CPS were randomly assigned to receive local treatment with AC+AN+HL ointment mixture (Group A, cases, N=21) or AC ointment alone (Group B, controls, N=20)...
March 19, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
Anna Kroten, Kacper Toczylowski, Elzbieta Oldak, Artur Sulik
The objective of this study was to investigate the main clinical signs and symptoms of toxocarosis in children and the treatment results. The study group consisted of 66 seropositive children aged 2 to 16 years, evaluated in an outpatient clinic in north-eastern Poland for 24 months. Male gender and living in urban areas predominated in the study population. Children presented with non-specific symptoms, of which the most common was abdominal pain or tenderness, which was reported by 39 (59%) patients. Absolute eosinophil counts were increased in 32 (48%) children...
March 20, 2018: Parasitology Research
Hai-Bo Sun, Xiao-Shan Jing, Yu-Zeng Liu, Ming Qi, Xin-Kuan Wang, Yong Hai
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to probe the relationship among cement volume/fraction, imaging features of cement distribution, and pain relief, and then to evaluate the optimal volume during percutaneous vertebroplasty. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2017, a total of 130 patients eligible for inclusion criteria were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. According to the different degrees of pain relief, cement leakage, and cement distribution, all patients were allocated to 2 groups...
March 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Tea Lallukka, Børge Sivertsen, Erkki Kronholm, Yu Sun Bin, Simon Øverland, Nick Glozier
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the interaction of two key determinants of sleep health, quantity and quality, with physical, emotional, and social functioning, in the general population. DESIGN: Nationally-representative Australian cross-sectional study. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: 14,571 people aged 15 or older in Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) in 2013. MEASUREMENTS: The associations of sleep quality (good/poor) in combination with mid-range (6-8 hours), short (<6) or long (>8) sleep duration with functioning, determined from the SF-36, were evaluated using logistic regression adjusting for sociodemographic, relationships, health behaviors, obesity, pain, and mental and physical illness confounders...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Wan-Hsuan Lu, Chih-Wan Lin, Chen-Yu Wang, Liang-Kung Chen, Fei-Yuan Hsiao
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to characterize the burden of herpes zoster, as well as the longitudinal and incremental changes of healthcare service utilization among individuals with herpes zoster and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) compared to those without. METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we established a herpes zoster cohort of people diagnosed with herpes zoster between 2004 and 2008 as study cases. Another subset of the NHIRD, which was randomly selected from all elderly beneficiaries between 2004 and 2008 served as a non-herpes-zoster elderly control pool...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Sabina O Nduaguba, Kentya H Ford, Karen Rascati
Objectives: Non-smoking status and physical activity have, individually, been shown to be associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this study was to assess whether the relationship between smoking status and HRQoL is modified or influenced by physical activity. Methods: Data were extracted from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey dataset (N=332,680) in 2015. Logistic regression models were used to address study objectives...
March 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Theerapon Sukmark, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Sadudee Peerapornratana, Kamol Khositrangsikun, Kriang Tungsanga, Visith Sitprija, Nattachai Srisawat
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is one of the most important zoonosis in the tropics. Currently, specific laboratory diagnostic test for leptospirosis such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or direct culture cannot be applied at the primary care setting especially in the resource- limited countries. Therefore, clinical presentation and laboratory examination are still the primary diagnostic tools for leptospirosis. OBJECTIVES: To detect clinical factors for predicting leptospirosis in suspected cases, and to create a clinical prediction score (THAI-LEPTO) that is practical and easy to use in general practice while awaiting laboratory results...
March 19, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Tugrul Bulut, Merve Gursoy
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of surgically treated isolated medial malleolar fractures and compare the clinical and radiologic results of the fixation methods of headless cannulated fully threaded compression screws and cancellous lag screws and tension band wiring. We included 32 patients who attended the final follow-up examination. Group 1 consisted of 11 patients (34.4%) treated with headless cannulated fully threaded compression screws. Group 2 consisted of 10 patients (31...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Adam Witten, Mikkel B Clausen, Kristian Thorborg, Mikkel L Attrup, Per Hölmich
PURPOSE: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is associated with low self-reported shoulder function, impairments in shoulder strength and range of motion (ROM), and pain. It is not known how the symptomatology associated with SIS is reflected in the choice of treatment. This study compares self-reported shoulder function, shoulder strength, ROM, and pain in patients with SIS considered candidates and non-candidates for subacromial decompression (SAD). METHOD: Self-reported shoulder function (Q-DASH and SPADI), maximum isometric muscle strength in shoulder abduction (Abd-strength) and external rotation (ER-strength), active abduction ROM (Abd-ROM) and passive internal rotation ROM (IR-ROM) were measured in a consecutive cohort of patients with SIS referred to an orthopedic outpatient clinic...
March 17, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Guro E Løseth, Marie Eikemo, Peder Isager, Jostein Holmgren, Bruno Laeng, Vigdis Vindenes, Trine Hjørnevik, Siri Leknes
The μ-opioid system modulates responses to pain and psychosocial stress and mediates non-social and social reward. In humans, the μ-opioid agonist morphine can increase overt attention to the eye-region and visual exploration of faces with neutral expressions. However, little is known about how the human μ-opioid system influences sensitivity to and appraisal of subtle and explicit cues of social threats and reward. Here, we examined the effects of selective μ-opioid stimulation on perception of anger and happiness in faces with explicit, neutral or implicit emotion expressions...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Katherine A McDermott, Keanan J Joyner, Jahn K Hakes, Sarah A Okey, Jesse R Cougle
BACKGROUND: Pain interference is associated with substance use, but has yet to be considered as a potential indicator of SUDs among substance users. We sought to examine whether moderate and high pain interference would confer risk for SUDs in ever and weekly users. METHODS: Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the association between pain interference and concurrent and prospective alcohol and nicotine dependence, as well as concurrent cannabis use disorder...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Timothy T Brown, Juulia Partanen, Linh Chuong, Vaughn Villaverde, Ann Chantal Griffin, Aaron Mendelson
We examine the hypothesis that psychological distress due to perceived discrimination can result in chronic pain, where perceived discrimination is based on age, gender, race, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, height/weight, religion, and other characteristics. Using a sample of 1908 individuals from the two most recent waves (2004-2006 and 2013-2014) of panel data from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States, we apply instrumental variables regression where measures of daily and lifetime perceived discrimination are instruments whose effects on chronic pain are mediated by psychological distress...
March 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Josefine E Naili, Eva W Broström, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik, Michael H Schwartz
This study aimed to evaluate whether the trajectory of the body's Centre of Mass (CoM) is a sensitive and responsive measure of functional compensations in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) performing the Five Times Sit-to-Stand test (5STS). This prospective study included 21 individuals with OA and 21 age- and gender-matched controls. Motion analysis data was collected while participants performed the 5STS, one month prior and one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale...
March 6, 2018: Gait & Posture
Francine Cl Tan, Jonathan Yap, John C Allen, Olivia Tan, Swee Yaw Tan, David B Matchar, Terrance Sj Chua
INTRODUCTION: Patients referred for chest pain from primary care have increased, along with demand for outpatient cardiology consultations. We evaluated 'Triage Protocol' that implements standardised diagnostic testing prior to patients' first cardiology consultation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Under the 'Triage Protocol', patients referred for chest pain were pretriaged using a standardised algorithm and subsequently referred for relevant functional diagnostic cardiology tests before their initial cardiology consultation...
February 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Marco Artico, Daniela D'Angelo, Michela Piredda, Tommasangelo Petitti, Luciano Lamarca, Maria Grazia de Marinis, Angelo Dante, Maura Lusignani, Maria Matarese
CONTEXT: Patients with advanced illnesses show the highest prevalence for pressure ulcers. In the palliative care setting the ultimate goal is injury healing, but equally important is wound maintenance, wound palliation (wound-related pain and symptom management), and primary and secondary wound prevention. OBJECTIVES: To describe the course of healing for pressure ulcers in a home palliative care setting according to different end-points, and to explore patient and caregiver characteristics and specific care activities associated with their achievement...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Alex Han, Alfred C Gellhorn
OBJECTIVE: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) has a significant impact on quality of life (QOL). Although QOL is generally thought to diminish over time, it is unknown if different patient groups demonstrate unique patterns of change in QOL. We sought to identify and characterize QOL trajectories in knee OA. DESIGN: This prospective cohort study included 1013 individuals with symptomatic knee OA from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. We used group-based trajectory modeling to identify distinct temporal patterns of change in the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) QOL subscale over 8 years...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
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