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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742226/documentation-of-penicillin-adverse-drug-reactions-in-electronic-health-records-inconsistent-use-of-allergy-and-intolerance-labels
#1
Joshua M Inglis, Gillian E Caughey, William Smith, Sepehr Shakib
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with penicillin allergy labels tolerate penicillins. Inappropriate avoidance of penicillin is associated with increased hospitalisation, infections and healthcare costs. AIMS: To examine the documentation of penicillin adverse drug reactions (ADR) in a large-scale hospital-based electronic health record. METHODS: Penicillin ADRs were extracted from 96,708 patient records in the Enterprise Patient Administration System in South Australia...
July 25, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739371/trans-biome-diversity-in-australian-grass-specialist-lizards-diplodactylidae-strophurus
#2
Rebecca J Laver, Stuart V Nielsen, Dan F Rosauer, Paul M Oliver
Comparisons of biodiversity patterns within lineages that occur across major climate gradients and biomes, can provide insights into the relative roles that lineage history, landscape and climatic variation, and environmental change have played in shaping regional biotas. In Australia, while there has been extensive research into the origins and patterns of diversity in the Australian Arid Zone (AAZ), how diversity is distributed across this biome and the Australian Monsoonal Tropics (AMT) to the north, has been less studied...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738072/monitoring-protected-areas-from-space-a-multi-temporal%C3%A2-assessment-using-raptors-as-biodiversity-surrogates
#3
Adrián Regos, Luis Tapia, Alberto Gil-Carrera, Jesús Domínguez
Monitoring protected areas (PAs) is essential for systematic evaluation of their effectiveness in terms of habitat protection, preservation and representativeness. This study illustrates how the use of species distribution models that combine remote sensing data and information about biodiversity surrogates can contribute to develop a systematic protocol for monitoring PAs. In particular, we assessed the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 (N2000) network, for conserving and preserving the representativeness of seven raptor species in a highly-dynamic landscape in northwest Spain between 2001 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734684/factors-influencing-list-prices-for-radiologists-services
#4
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Wenyi Wang, Arvind Vijayasarathi, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with list price variation for radiologists' services. METHODS: The 2014 Medicare Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File was used to identify submitted charges ("list prices") and payments for radiologists' services (ie, not hospital service charges). Charge-to-payment ratios were computed for individual radiologists as a measure of excess charges. Numerous radiologist-level factors identifiable using publicly available data sets were explored...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731555/who-does-nutrition-prevention-work-in-queensland-an-investigation-of-structural-and-political-workforce-reforms
#5
Helen Anna Vidgen, Meg Adam, Danielle Gallegos
AIM: This study aimed (i) to determine the change in the number of government-funded nutrition positions following structural and political reforms and (ii) to describe the remaining workforce available to do nutrition prevention work, including student placements, in Queensland. METHODS: Positions funded by the Queensland government were counted using departmental human resource data and compared with data collected 4 years earlier. Positions not funded by the government were identified using formal professional networks and governance group lists...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731549/development-and-validation-of-the-dietetic-confidence-scale-for-working-with-clients-experiencing-psychological-issues
#6
Kerryn Buttenshaw, Susan Ash, Jane Shakespeare-Finch
AIM: A standardised tool was needed to measure a generalist dietitian's confidence about working with clients experiencing psychological issues in order to effectively evaluate mental health-related professional development activities. The aim of this study was to develop, pilot and validate a robust instrument that measures a generalist dietitian's professional confidence for working with clients experiencing psychological issues. METHODS: The Dietetic Confidence Scale (DCS) was developed...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729708/new-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-beijing-clonal-complexes-in-china-revealed-by-phylogenetic-and-bayesian-population-structure-analyses-of-24-loci-miru-vntrs
#7
Chao Zheng, Yann Reynaud, Changsong Zhao, Thierry Zozio, Song Li, Dongxia Luo, Qun Sun, Nalin Rastogi
Beijing lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis constitutes the most predominant lineage in East Asia. Beijing epidemiology, evolutionary history, genetics are studied in details for years revealing probable origin from China followed by worldwide expansion, partially linked to higher mutation rate, hypervirulence, drug-resistance, and association with cases of mixed infections. Considering huge amount of data available for 24-loci Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Units-Variable Number of Tandem Repeats, we performed detailed phylogenetic and Bayesian population structure analyses of Beijing lineage strains in mainland China and Taiwan using available 24-loci MIRU-VNTR data extracted from publications or the SITVIT2 database (n = 1490)...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727744/climate-change-and-sugarcane-expansion-increase-hantavirus-infection-risk
#8
Paula Ribeiro Prist, María Uriarte, Katia Fernandes, Jean Paul Metzger
Hantavirus Cardiopulmonary Syndrome (HCPS) is a disease caused by Hantavirus, which is highly virulent for humans. High temperatures and conversion of native vegetation to agriculture, particularly sugarcane cultivation can alter abundance of rodent generalist species that serve as the principal reservoir host for HCPS, but our understanding of the compound effects of land use and climate on HCPS incidence remains limited, particularly in tropical regions. Here we rely on a Bayesian model to fill this research gap and to predict the effects of sugarcane expansion and expected changes in temperature on Hantavirus infection risk in the state of São Paulo, Brazil...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722079/physicians-experience-with-follow-up-care-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-challenges-and-needs
#9
Gisela Michel, Micol Eva Gianinazzi, Janine Vetsch, Luzius Mader, Judith E Lupatsch, Nicolas X von der Weid, Corina Silvia Rueegg
BACKGROUND: Regular follow-up care is essential for childhood cancer survivors, but we know little about physicians' experience with it. We aimed to describe: (1) involvement of Swiss physicians in follow-up care; (2) content of follow-up care provided; (3) problems encountered; and (4) additional resources needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Within this cross-sectional survey we sent adapted questionnaires via professional associations to a sample of medical oncologists (MOs), paediatric oncologists (POs), general practitioners (GPs) and paediatricians (P) in Switzerland...
July 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718203/landscape-effects-on-pollination-networks-in-mediterranean-gypsum-islands
#10
Silvia Santamaría, Ana M Sánchez, Jesús López-Angulo, Concepción Ornosa, Iñaki Mola, Adrián Escudero
Habitat fragmentation is a major driver of global change that has operated historically on Mediterranean ecosystems. However, more needs to be understood about how fragmentation influences ecological interactions, particularly pollination. Gypsum outcrops are historically fragmented Mediterranean habitats and settings for the evolution of many endangered soil-specialist plants with narrow ranges. In this study, we aimed to determine how fragmentation (area and connectivity) affects: (i) the pollinator community composition, and (ii) the structural properties of pollination networks; and whether there are differences in the effects of fragmentation on: (iii) the number of interactions and visits among pollinator functional groups; and (iv) the number of interactions and specialization degree between soil-specialist and soil-generalist plants...
July 17, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716413/belowground-microbes-mitigate-plant-plant-competition
#11
Márcia Bacelar Fonseca, Teresa Dias, Maria Manuela Carolino, Marcel Giovanni Costa França, Cristina Cruz
Dimorphandra wilsonii, a Cerrado endemic Fabaceae tree, is threatened by land-use changes. The few remaining individuals occur in areas dominated by alien grasses like Urochloa decumbens. We tested the impact of nitrogen (N) availability and symbionts' presence on mitigating the effects of competition from U. decumbens. Dimorphandra wilsonii seedlings were 50-week pot-cultivated under limiting (3mM) or non-limiting (10mM) N, with or without U. decumbens, and inoculated or not with a N-fixer (Bradyrhizobium sp...
September 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710891/preferential-plastid-retention-by-the-acquired-phototroph-mesodinium-chamaeleon
#12
Holly V Moeller, Matthew D Johnson
The ciliate genus Mesodinium contains species that rely to varying degrees on photosynthetic machinery stolen from cryptophyte algal prey. Prey specificity appears to scales inversely with this reliance: The predominantly phototrophic M. major/rubrum species complex exhibits high prey specificity, while the heterotrophic lineages M. pulex and pupula are generalists. Here, we test the hypothesis that the recently described mixotroph M. chamaeleon, which is phylogenetically intermediate between M. major/rubrum and M...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707840/erratum
#13
(no author information available yet)
L'article « L'urogériatrie du médecin généraliste » [ Frequent uro-geriatric symptoms : helpful tools for general practitioners], Rev Med Suisse 2016;12:2077-82 [PMID: 28700153] paru dans le numéro 541 du 30 novembre 2016 de la Revue médicale suisse, a également été coécrit par le Dr Caroline Carera Sager, Service d'urologie, HUG, Genève. Les auteurs sont donc : Drs Guillaume Altwegg, Jacques Klein, Grégory Wirth, Caroline Carera Sager et Pr Christophe E. Iselin.
December 14, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705629/foraging-preferences-influence-microplastic-ingestion-by-six-marine-fish-species-from-the-texas-gulf-coast
#14
Colleen A Peters, Peyton A Thomas, Kaitlyn B Rieper, Susan P Bratton
This study evaluated the influence of foraging preferences on microplastic ingestion by six marine fish species from the Texas Gulf Coast. A total of 1381 fish were analyzed and 42.4% contained ingested microplastic, inclusive of fiber (86.4%), microbead (12.9% %), and fragment (<1.0%) forms. Despite a substantial overlap in diet, ordination of ingested prey items clustered samples into distinctive species groupings, reflective of the foraging gradient among species. Orthopristis chrysoptera displayed the lowest overall frequency of microplastic ingestion and the most distinctive ordination grouping, indicating their selective invertebrate foraging preferences...
July 10, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705157/ward-social-workers-views-of-what-facilitates-or-hinders-collaboration-with-specialist-palliative-care-team-social-workers-a-grounded-theory
#15
Janice Firn, Nancy Preston, Catherine Walshe
BACKGROUND: Inpatient, generalist social workers in discharge planning roles work alongside specialist palliative care social workers to care for patients, often resulting in two social workers being concurrently involved in the same patient's care. Previous studies identifying components of effective collaboration, which impacts patient outcomes, care efficiency, professional job satisfaction, and healthcare costs, were conducted with nurses and physicians but not social workers. This study explores ward social workers' perceptions of what facilitates or hinders collaboration with palliative care social workers...
July 14, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701240/modelling-the-influence-of-host-community-composition-in-a-sylvatic-trypanosoma-cruzi-system
#16
Diana Erazo, Juan Cordovez, Carolina Cabrera, Jose E Calzada, Azael Saldaña, Nicole L Gottdenker
Species composition of wild reservoir hosts can influence the transmission and maintenance of multi-host vector borne pathogens. The 'pace of life' hypothesis proposes that the life history strategy of reservoir hosts can influence pathogen transmission of vector borne generalist pathogens. We use empirical data to parameterize a mathematical model that investigates the impacts of host life history traits on vector transmission dynamics of the vector-borne multi-host parasite Trypanosoma cruzi in habitats characterized by different degrees of deforestation and varying host community structure...
July 13, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700600/ethanol-confers-differential-protection-against-generalist-and-specialist-parasitoids-of-drosophila-melanogaster
#17
Zachary R Lynch, Todd A Schlenke, Levi T Morran, Jacobus C de Roode
As parasites coevolve with their hosts, they can evolve counter-defenses that render host immune responses ineffective. These counter-defenses are more likely to evolve in specialist parasites than generalist parasites; the latter face variable selection pressures between the different hosts they infect. Natural populations of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster are commonly threatened by endoparasitoid wasps in the genus Leptopilina, including the specialist L. boulardi and the generalist L. heterotoma, and both wasp species can incapacitate the cellular immune response of D...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696537/fire-influences-the-structure-of-plant-bee-networks
#18
G Peralta, E L Stevani, N P Chacoff, J Dorado, D P Vázquez
1. Fire represents a frequent disturbance in many ecosystems, which can affect plant-pollinator assemblages and hence the services they provide. Furthermore, fire events could affect the architecture of plant-pollinator interaction networks, modifying the structure and function of communities. 2. Some pollinators, such as wood-nesting bees, may be particularly affected by fire events due to damage to nesting material and its long regeneration time. However, it remains unclear whether fire influences the structure of bee plant interactions...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696422/metagenomic-binning-of-a-marine-sponge-microbiome-reveals-unity-in-defense-but-metabolic-specialization
#19
Beate M Slaby, Thomas Hackl, Hannes Horn, Kristina Bayer, Ute Hentschel
Marine sponges are ancient metazoans that are populated by distinct and highly diverse microbial communities. In order to obtain deeper insights into the functional gene repertoire of the Mediterranean sponge Aplysina aerophoba, we combined Illumina short-read and PacBio long-read sequencing followed by un-targeted metagenomic binning. We identified a total of 37 high-quality bins representing 11 bacterial phyla and two candidate phyla. Statistical comparison of symbiont genomes with selected reference genomes revealed a significant enrichment of genes related to bacterial defense (restriction-modification systems, toxin-antitoxin systems) as well as genes involved in host colonization and extracellular matrix utilization in sponge symbionts...
July 11, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694272/mortality-associated-with-time-in-and-out-of-buprenorphine-treatment-in-french-office-based-general-practice-a-7-year-cohort-study
#20
Julie Dupouy, Aurore Palmaro, Mélina Fatséas, Marc Auriacombe, Joëlle Micallef, Stéphane Oustric, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
In France, most cases of opioid use disorder are treated with buprenorphine by general practitioners in private practice. Using reimbursement data of a representative sample of the French population, Echantillon Généraliste des Bénéficiaires, we investigated mortality during periods when patients were in and out of treatment in a cohort of 713 new users of buprenorphine having a mean (SD) follow-up of 4.5 (1.5) years. The mortality rate was 0.63 per 100 person-years (95% CI, 0.40-0.85) overall. In a multivariate Cox regression model, compared with being in treatment, being out of treatment was associated with a markedly increased risk of death (hazard ratio = 29...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
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