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Anaphylaxis perioperative

Brianne Bordes, David Martin, Brian Schloss, Allan Beebe, Walter Samora, Jan Klamar, David Stukus, Joseph D Tobias
When hemodynamic or respiratory instability occurs intraoperatively, the inciting event must be determined so that a therapeutic plan can be provided to ensure patient safety. Although generally uncommon, one cause of cardiorespiratory instability is anaphylactic reactions. During anesthetic care, these most commonly involve neuromuscular blocking agents, antibiotics, or latex. Floseal is a topical hemostatic agent that is frequently used during orthopedic surgical procedures to augment local coagulation function and limit intraoperative blood loss...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Kyu Nam Kim, Dong Won Kim, Yeong Hun Sin, Soo Kyung Lee
Although anaphylactic shock during the perioperative period is rare, it can be lethal due to severe cardiovascular and respiratory collapse. Midazolam is generally used as premedication for relieving anxiety about the operation, and the danger of anaphylactic shock after intramuscular injection is not widely recognized. We report the first case of anaphylactic shock occurring during the perioperative period after intramuscular injection of midazolam. Since anaphylactic shock after intramuscular injection can be of slow onset, the operation should be delayed if an anaphylactic reaction is suspected, even if the symptoms are limited...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
William Egner
BACKGROUND: Sheffield National Adverse Reactions Consultancy Service (NARCOS) investigates and triages suspected perioperative anaesthetic reactions to allergy clinics, using serial tryptase samples, urinary methylhistamine and clinical information on a pro forma request. OBJECTIVE: To determine if current UK guidelines on serial tryptase samples are achieved and describe the patterns of tryptase release. METHOD: A retrospective review of 3455 NARCOS cases...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
M A Rose, S L Green, H M Crilly, H Kolawole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
William Egner, Ravishankar Sargur, Anna Shrimpton, Melanie York, Kevin Green
BACKGROUND: Sheffield NARCOS (National Adverse Reactions Advisory Service) investigates suspected perioperative anaesthetic reactions using serial tryptase, urinary methylhistamine and clinical information. Further recommendations for additional allergy clinic assessment are provided. OBJECTIVE: To establish a robustly measurable protocol for identifying mast cell mediator (MMR) release in this cohort. To compare these thresholds with previous suggested thresholds and algorithms...
July 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Astrid P Uyttebroek, Ine I Decuyper, Chris H Bridts, Antonino Romano, Margo M Hagendorens, Didier G Ebo, Vito Sabato
BACKGROUND: Correct diagnosis of cefazolin hypersensitivity is not straightforward, mainly because of the absence of in vitro tests and uncertainties concerning the optimal cefazolin concentration for skin testing. Cross-reactivity studies suggest cefazolin hypersensitivity to be a selective hypersensitivity. OBJECTIVE: The first objective was to confirm that the application of a higher than 2 mg/mL test concentration could increase skin test sensitivity. A second part aimed at investigating the cross-reactivity between cefazolin and other β-lactam antibiotics...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Yuko Yamada, Takuji Yamamoto, Kumiko Tanabe, Naokazu Fukuoka, Motoyasu Takenaka, Hiroki Iida
Rocuronium is the agent most frequently involved in perioperative anaphylaxis, and sugammadex has also been known to induce anaphylactic reactions. We describe a case of successive anaphylactic episodes that seemed to be induced by clinical doses of rocuronium and sugammadex. The patient was a 19-year-old woman who had a medical history of asthma, but no history of surgery. She had been injured in a fall, and several surgeries were scheduled for multiple bone fractures. At the first surgery under general anesthesia, she developed anaphylaxis 5 min after sugammadex administration...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Anca-Mirela Chiriac, Pascal Demoly
Allergy to neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) has been the first cause of perioperative anaphylaxis for decades, in most countries. The most frequently involved agents are suxamethonium and rocuronium. The allergy work-up is compulsory to demonstrate or rule out allergy to NMBAs, if there is a compatible clinical history. Doing otherwise exposes the patient to death if the same or related NMBA is re-injected. In cases of true allergy, assessing cross-reactivity to other NMBAs is mandatory. The cross-sensitization hypothesis is presently being investigated and if confirmed, it could allow primary prevention measures to be implemented...
September 2016: La Presse Médicale
Bradford B Smith, Andrew S Nickels, Hans P Sviggum
A 75-year-old female presented for left total hip reimplantation and suffered pulseless electrical activity arrest upon lateral positioning and administering vancomycin. Resuscitation was achieved according to Advanced Cardiac Life Support protocol. Post-event echocardiography showed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with asymmetrical septal thickening, an under-filled left ventricle, dynamic left ventricular outflow obstruction, and severe mitral regurgitation related to systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Paul Michel Mertes, Gerald W Volcheck, Lene H Garvey, Tonomori Takazawa, Peter R Platt, Anne B Guttormsen, Charles Tacquard
Anaphylactic reactions may be either of immune (allergy, usually IgE-mediated, sometimes IgG-mediated) or non-immune origin. The incidence of anaphylactic reactions during anaesthesia varies between countries ranging from 1/1250 to 1/18,600 per procedure. In France, the estimated incidence of allergic reactions is 100.6 [76.2-125.3]/million procedure with a high female predominance (male: 55.4 [42.0-69.0], female: 154.9 [117.2-193.1]). The proportion of IgE-mediated allergic reactions seems to be relatively similar between countries, ranging from 50 to 60%...
September 2016: La Presse Médicale
Arkadiusz Dziedzic
Allergic cross-reactivity between propofol and food is frequently considered as a risk factor for perioperative allergic hypersensitivity reactions and anaphylaxis during dental anaesthesia and sedation. Better understanding of of this cross-reactivity is important to providing safe care. There are, however, conflicting assumptions about anaphylactic reactions to propofol in patients reporting allergy to certain type of the food. Egg and/or soya allergy are often cited as contraindications to propofol administration but the evidence remains unclear...
January 2016: SAAD Digest
Shekhar Neema, Subrato Sen, Manas Chatterjee
Perioperative anaphylaxis is a rare and catastrophic event. Anaphylaxis during perioperative period changes the entire management plan for the patient. Since a large number of drugs are administered to the patient during the short span of time, it becomes difficult to identify the culprit drug. This has an impact on the management of the patients who have to undergo surgery. Ranitidine is considered a safe drug used in perioperative period; however, rarely it can lead to perioperative anaphylaxis. We present one such case of ranitidine-induced perioperative anaphylaxis which was successfully managed by early diagnosis and avoidance of drug...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Gaylene C Heard, Rowan D Thomas, Penelope M Sanderson
BACKGROUND: Although most anesthesiologists will have 1 catastrophic perioperative event or more during their careers, there has been little research on their attitudes to assistive strategies after the event. There are wide-ranging emotional consequences for anesthesiologists involved in an unexpected intraoperative patient death, particularly if the anesthesiologist made an error. We used a between-groups survey study design to ask whether there are different attitudes to assistive strategies when a hypothetical patient death is caused by a drug error versus not caused by an error...
May 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jelena Velicković, Ivan Palibrk, Bojana Miljković, Dejan Velicković, Bojan Jovanović, Vesna Bumbasirević, Marija Djukanović, Vladimir Sljukić
History of drug allergy is of major concern during perioperative period. Medical records usually lack documents confirming the stated allergy. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-reported drug allergies and their characteristics in adult Serbian surgical population, and to analyze their influence on drug prescription during perioperative period. The study enrolled patients scheduled for general surgery during a one-year period at a tertiary care hospital. They were questioned using a structured questionnaire about the existence of drug allergy and its nature...
December 2015: Acta Clinica Croatica
Xuanxuan Chen, Sze Ying Thong, Yong Yeow Chong, Shin Yi Ng
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative anaphylaxis is an anaesthetic emergency, but its incidence is not well described in the local literature. This retrospective study aims to look at a group of patients who had perioperative anaphylaxis in our institution. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of electronic databases and clinical case sheets, and identified 34 patients who had possible perioperative anaphylaxis during anaesthesia in our institution between 1 January 2007 and 30 April 2012...
March 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
Tomonori Takazawa, Hiromasa Mitsuhata, Paul Michel Mertes
Perioperative anaphylaxis is a life-threatening clinical condition that is typically the result of drugs or substances used for anesthesia or surgery. The most common cause of anaphylaxis during anesthesia is reportedly neuromuscular blocking agents. Of the many muscle relaxants that are clinically available, rocuronium is becoming popular in many countries. Recent studies have demonstrated that succinylcholine (but also rocuronium use) is associated with a relatively high rate of IgE-mediated anaphylaxis compared with other muscle relaxant agents...
April 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
S S Jain, S Green, M Rose
Paracetamol is a ubiquitous analgesic and antipyretic that is widely administered, including by anaesthetists. Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to intravenous paracetamol are particularly rare. We report two cases involving four separate episodes of anaphylaxis to intravenous paracetamol in different perioperative settings without a past history of intolerance to the oral form. The allergological investigations are described, during which it became evident that both patients were allergic to an excipient (mannitol) present in the formulation and that neither was allergic to the principal agent (paracetamol)...
November 2015: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Jaekyu Choi, Hyunchang Kim, Yun-Seok Jeon, Deok Man Hong
Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially lethal, multisystem syndrome resulting from the sudden release of mast-cell- and basophile-derived mediators into the circulation. Common manifestations of anaphylactic reactions include urticaria, angioedema, nausea, vomiting, hypotension and cardiovascular collapse. Cardiovascular collapse is the first detected manifestation in up to 50% of cases in perioperative anaphylaxis, because patients are anesthetized and unable to report symptoms. A 25-year-old male presented with severe hypotension and erythema after intravenous atropine administration during general anesthesia...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Min Qiu, Ya-nan Zong, Jian Lu, Lu-lin Ma, Qing Zheng, Xiang-yang Guo
Anaphylaxis is an acute and fatal systemic allergic reaction to an allergen, and it could be an unpredictable and life-threatening cause during anesthesia. The main purpose of this paper is to report a case of anaphylactic shock during the anesthesia induction and to review the prophylaxis and treatment of anaphylactic reactions and anaphylactoid reactions during the anesthesia period. A 63-year-old man, with a mass on his adrenal, was scheduled to a laparoscopic adrenal tumor excision. During the anesthesia induction period, after administrated sulfentanil, propofol and rocuronium, the blood pressure was decreased and the heart rate was increased...
October 18, 2015: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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