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gynaecology oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770352/primary-ovarian-burkitt-s-lymphoma-a-rare-oncological-problem-in-gynaecology-a-review-of-literature
#1
REVIEW
Anna Stepniak, Piotr Czuczwar, Piotr Szkodziak, Ewa Wozniakowska, Slawomir Wozniak, Tomasz Paszkowski
PURPOSE: This review presents the information about epidemiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and treatment of primary ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), including a literature search of available BL cases. The purpose of this review is to draw clinicians' attention to the possibility of ovarian BL occurrence, which may be important in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumours. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched using the keywords ''Burkitt's'', ''Lymphoma'', ''Ovarian'', ''Primary'', ''Burkitt's lymphoma''...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733062/remote-recurrence-of-benign-multicystic-peritoneal-mesothelioma
#2
Caroline E Lee, Anita Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Benign peritoneal cystic mesothelioma (BPCM) is a rare disease entity that arises from mesothelioma cells. We describe a rare case of BPCM recurrence 36 years after its initial presentation. CASE: A 62-year-old woman was referred to an outpatient gynaecologic oncology clinic with an incidental finding of multiple pelvic cysts. She had a preceding history of known BPCM treated with extensive debulking surgery. She presented after 36 years of clinical remission...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729099/implementing-a-cervical-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-program-quality-improvement-in-gynaecologic-oncology
#3
Maria C Cusimano, Rachel Walker, Marcus Q Bernardini, Geneviève Bouchard-Fortier, Stephane Laframboise, Taymaa May, Joan Murphy, Barry Rosen, Al Covens, Blaise Clarke, Patricia Shaw, Marjan Rouzbahman, Ravi Mohan, Sarah E Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is becoming a reasonable alternative to pelvic lymphadenectomy in early-stage cervical cancer. It is therefore imperative that centres without prior experience are able to successfully implement the procedure. The objectives of the current study were to (1) describe the process of implementing an SLN biopsy program with a novel peer mentorship component and (2) assess post-program quality improvement metrics, including SLN detection rate (DR) and diagnostic parameters...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722774/-promoting-continuity-of-care-specialist-nurses-role-experiences-in-gynaecological-oncology-a-qualitative-study
#4
Andrea Kobleder, Hanna Mayer, Larissa Gehrig, Beate Senn
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experiences of specialist nurses in Switzerland concerning their role of caring for women with gynaecological cancer. BACKGROUND: Women with gynaecological cancer often face complex situations, which require an integrative and quality-assured approach by the healthcare system. Specialist nurses can play an important role in supporting these patients. However, in countries where the role of specialist nurses is at a developmental stage, their role lacks clarity...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719921/-patient-s-autonomy-and-information-in-psycho-oncology-computer-based-distress-screening-for-an-interactive-treatment-planning-epos-react
#5
Norbert Schäffeler, Jana Sedelmaier, Hannah Möhrer, Katrin Ziser, Johanna Ringwald, Martin Wickert, Sara Brucker, Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
To identify distressed patients in oncology using screening questionnaires is quite challenging in clinical routine. Up to now there is no evidence based recommendation which instrument is most suitable and how to put a screening to practice. Using computer based screening tools offers the possibility to automatically analyse patient's data, inform psycho-oncological and medical staff about the results, and use reactive questionnaires. Studies on how to empower patients in decision making in psycho-oncology are rare...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718942/the-shift-toward-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-and-interval-debulking-surgery-for-management-of-advanced-ovarian-and-related-cancers-in-a-population-based-setting-impact-on-clinical-outcomes
#6
James L Nicklin, Shaun McGrath, Lee Tripcony, Andrea Garrett, Russell Land, Amy Tang, Lewis Perrin, Naven Chetty, Nisha Jagasia, Alex J Crandon, Marcelo Nascimento, Graeme Walker, Karen Sanday, Andreas Obermair
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of patients with advanced ovarian and related cancers (EOC+RC), treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking surgery (NACT - IDS), and to determine if there was any relationship with optimal cytoreduction rates and overall survival (OS) in a state-wide gynaecologic oncology service over time. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken using a population-based database of patients with stages 3 and 4 EOC+RC treated from 1982 till 2013 at the Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer (QCGC)...
July 18, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673214/randomised-comparison-of-three-types-of-continuous-anterior-abdominal-wall-block-after-midline-laparotomy-for-gynaecological-oncology-surgery
#7
P J Cowlishaw, P J Kotze, L Gleeson, N Chetty, L E Stanbury, P J Harms
Effective analgesia after midline laparotomy surgery is essential for enhanced recovery programs. We compared three types of continuous abdominal wall block for analgesia after midline laparotomy for gynaecological oncology surgery. We conducted a single-centre, double-blind randomised controlled trial. Ninety-four patients were randomised into three groups to receive two days of programmed intermittent boluses of ropivacaine (18 ml 0.5% ropivacaine every four hours) via either a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) catheter, posterior rectus sheath (PRS) catheter, or a subcutaneous (SC) catheter...
July 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630591/notch-signalinio-kelio-ir-ginekologini%C3%A5-piktybini%C3%A5-navik%C3%A5-s%C3%A4-saja
#8
Nadežda Lachej, Daiva Dabkevičienė, Aušra Sasnauskienė, Rūta Marija Trimonytė, Daiva Kanopienė, Birutė Kazbarienė, Janina Didžiapetrienė
Background. The body's cell behaviour is controlled by various signalling pathways, one of which is NOTCH. It has been found that a partial loss of the NOTCH function or abnormal strengthening of NOTCH signalling are related to various human diseases and developmental disorders. Materials and methods. PubMed was the main source of information for this paper. Results. The paper overviews the association between oncologic diseases and the participants of the NOTCH signalling pathway. In cancerogenesis, the NOTCH signalling pathway can act as a tumour suppressor or an oncogene...
2017: Acta medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604452/utility-and-actual-use-of-european-and-spanish-guidelines-on-the-management-of-endometrial-cancer-among-gynecologic-oncologists-in-spain
#9
Ignacio Zapardiel, Claudia Blancafort, David Cibula, Ibon Jaunarena, Mikel Gorostidi, Antonio Gil-Moreno, Javier De Santiago
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the current management of endometrial cancer across Spain and to evaluate the use and applicability of the national and international guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic 30-question survey was distributed among all Spanish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology-registered specialists dedicated to gynecologic oncology in Spain by e-mail. Data were collected anonymously and analyzed using SPSS program. RESULTS: One hundred forty-five (17...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590256/thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-laparoscopic-surgery-for-gynecologic-benign-diseases-results-of-a-single-center-experience-in-922-procedures
#10
Emanuele Sturlese, Onofrio Triolo, Roberta Grasso, Antonio Simone Laganà, Annalisa Retto, Diego Rossetti, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Giuseppe Sarpietro, Rosanna De Dominici
AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the role of preoperative evaluation risk for venous tromboembolism (VTE) in patients submitted to laparoscopic surgery for gynecologic benign diseases. METHODS: Date from nine hundred twenty-two women affected by adnexal benign diseases treated with laparoscopic procedures were collected and included in this study. VTE risk was assessed by "on line Caprini score calculator". Patients with one or more negative risk factors for Caprini's score underwent to venous thromboembolism prophylaxis (VTP)...
June 8, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588163/evaluation-of-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-during-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer
#11
S Khatun, A Q Huda, S K Begum, J Ferdous
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women in developing countries comprising 20-30% of female cancer. More than 70% of cervical cancer patients of Bangladesh attend in hospital in inoperable stages (IIB, III & IV). Only 30% cases can be treated by primary surgery. This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted by Gynaecologic Oncology Division of the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Bangladesh from November 2011 to May 2012. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the number of pelvic lymph nodes removed, to determine the rate of pelvic lymph node involvement & also to evaluate the relationship between parametrial invasion and pelvic lymph node metastasis...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556806/quality-of-life-in-women-with-stage-1-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-application-of-conservative-treatment-a-randomized-trial
#12
Magdalena Ptak, Agnieszka Brodowska, Sylwester Ciećwież, Iwona Rotter
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) influences quality of life in female patients. In this study, we used ICIQ LUTS QoL (The International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms quality of life) to determine the quality of life (QoL) in various domains in patients with stage 1 SUI. The study included 140 perimenopausal women subjected to urodynamic tests at the Department of Gynaecology, Endocrinology and Gynaecologic Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Police (Poland) in 2013-2015...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549816/subtypes-of-stage-iv-ovarian-cancer-response-to-treatment-and-patterns-of-disease-recurrence
#13
Amy Jamieson, Peter Sykes, Lois Eva, Cecile Bergzoll, Bryony Simcock
BACKGROUND: To compare three different patterns of stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer; pleural effusion, parenchymal metastases and extra-abdominal lymph node metastases with treatment response and pattern of disease recurrence, and correlate treatment modality with outcome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of FIGO stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed between 2008 and 2012 in three gynaecologic oncology centres in New Zealand. RESULTS: 124 patients were analysed, 58 had pleural effusions, 38 parenchymal metastases, and 28 extra-abdominal lymph nodes...
August 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529192/short-and-long-term-outcomes-following-pelvic-exenteration-for-gynae-oncological-and-colorectal-cancers-a-9-year-consecutive-single-centre-cohort-study
#14
Mark Katory, Ross McLean, Edgar Paez, Ali Kucukmetin, Raj Naik
OBJECTIVES: Radical pelvic exenteration can be undertaken for locally invasive or recurrent disease in both colorectal and gynaecological malignancies. In the UK this procedure is usually undertaken by the respective surgical specialties who have undergone divergent surgical training. This study describes and compares outcomes between colorectal and gynae-oncological teams following pelvic exenteration for primary and recurrent gynaecological and colorectal cancers in a single-centre multi-disciplinary team...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528932/robot-assisted-gynaecological-cancer-surgery-complications-and-prevention
#15
REVIEW
Ka Yu Tse, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Peter Christopher Lim
Ever since the US Food and Drug Administration approval of the use of da Vinci surgical systems (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, California) in gynaecology in 2005, robot-assisted surgery has been widely adopted in different countries. Some of the applications in benign and oncological gynaecology include myomectomy, sacrocolpopexy, tubal anastomosis, simple hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, radical trachelectomy, pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy and even debulking surgery for ovarian cancer and pelvic exenteration for recurrent cervical and vaginal cancer...
April 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528679/evidence-based-peer-review-for-radiation-therapy-updated-review-of-the-literature-with-a-focus-on-tumour-subsite-and-treatment-modality
#16
M Huo, P Gorayski, M Poulsen, K Thompson, M B Pinkham
Technological advances in radiation therapy permit steep dose gradients from the target to spare normal tissue, but increase the risk of geographic miss. Suboptimal target delineation adversely affects clinical outcomes. Prospective peer review is a method for quality assurance of oncologists' radiotherapy plans. Published surveys suggest it is widely implemented. However, it may not be feasible to review every case before commencement of radiation therapy in all departments. The rate of plan changes following peer review of cases without a specific subsite or modality is typically around 10%...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526229/cost-benefit-analysis-of-robotic-surgery-in-gynaecological-oncology
#17
REVIEW
Christos Iavazzo, Ioannis D Gkegkes
Robotic approach is a rather new technique that can be used to optimise the management of patients with gynaecological cancer. However, concerns have been raised regarding the cost of such an approach compared to laparoscopic or open techniques. The aim of our chapter is to review the data of papers published so far that analyse the cost of robotic gynaecological oncology. A systematic review of the current literature was performed trying to assess the cost of the robotic technique including parameters that affect it and ways to minimise it in favour of the patients and health care systems...
April 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511371/study-of-serum-total-psa-and-free-psa-as-an-oncological-marker-in-breast-tumour
#18
Elteza Tahjiba Jahir, Runi Devi, Bibhuti Bhushan Borthakur
INTRODUCTION: Breast Cancer (BC) cases are rising alarmingly all over the world and India is not an exception. This rising trend is due to an increased age at first child birth, decreased breast feeding, and the changing lifestyle mostly in urban India. With the advent of more sensitive methodologies and research works in this field, it has been suggested that Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer besides other established tumour markers...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470944/patterns-of-practice-survey-for-brachytherapy-for-cervix-cancer-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#19
Karen Lim, Sylvia van Dyk, Pearly Khaw, Jacqueline Veera, Linda Mileshkin, Lucy Ohanessian, Michelle Harrison, Shalini K Vinod
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this survey was to explore the current patterns of practice for brachytherapy in cervix cancer in Australia and New Zealand. The survey was also intended to explore clinician attitudes towards image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) and identify barriers to the implementation of IGABT. METHODS: Electronic surveys were sent to all radiotherapy centres in Australia and New Zealand under collaboration with Australia New Zealand Gynaecology and Oncology Group (ANZGOG), in order to identify patterns of radiotherapy practice...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452427/results-of-an-innovative-bulking-agent-in-patients-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-who-are-not-optimal-candidates-for-mid-urethral-sling-surgery
#20
Claudia R Kowalik, Fenne M Casteleijn, Hugo W F van Eijndhoven, Sandra E Zwolsman, Jan-Paul W R Roovers
AIMS: To assess the efficacy and safety of peri-urethral bulking injections (PBI) with an innovative bulking material (PDMS-U) in women with stress-urinary incontinence (SUI) who are not optimal candidates for mid-urethral sling surgery. METHODS: A prospective study was performed in women with SUI who, for several reasons, have a relative contraindication for a mid-urethral sling procedure. These reasons include: (i) recurrent SUI after a prior SUI surgical procedure; (ii) a history of oncologic gynaecological surgery; (iii) a history of neurologic disease resulting in voiding problems; (iv) a maximal flow rate of less than 15 mL per second or; (v) women with a contraindication for surgery with general or regional anaesthesia...
April 28, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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