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Sirt1 AND Resveratrol

Xianxiu Wan, Jian-Jun Wen, Sue-Jie Koo, Lisa Yi Liang, Nisha Jain Garg
Chronic chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is presented by increased oxidative/inflammatory stress and decreased mitochondrial bioenergetics. SIRT1 senses the redox changes and integrates mitochondrial metabolism and inflammation; and SIRT1 deficiency may be a major determinant in CCM. To test this, C57BL/6 mice were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc), treated with SIRT1 agonists (resveratrol or SRT1720), and monitored during chronic phase (~150 days post-infection). Resveratrol treatment was partially beneficial in controlling the pathologic processes in Chagas disease...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Daisuke Arai, Ryousuke Kataoka, Satoshi Otsuka, Midori Kawamura, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Masahiko Sai, Tatsuhiko Ito, Yoichi Nakao
Piceatannol (3,3',4',5-trans-tetrahydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic compound abundant in the seeds of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis). Piceatannol is an analogue of resveratrol (3,4',5-trans-trihydroxystilbene) and shares the structural motif and biological activities such as activation of SIRT1. Several studies have shown that piceatannol is more potent than resveratrol. In this study, we examined the effects of piceatannol on neural stem cell differentiation into astrocytes compared with those of resveratrol...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Hiroko Inoue, Atsuhiro Kishimoto, Ryoko Ushikoshi-Nakayama, Ayaka Hasaka, Ayako Takahashi, Koufuchi Ryo, Takashi Muramatsu, Fumio Ide, Kenji Mishima, Ichiro Saito
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol produced by plants in response to environmental stress. This compound has been shown to have pharmacological effects against a wide range of diseases including neurological, hepatic, cardiovascular and autoimmune conditions. The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse, in which loss of lacrimal and salivary gland function occurs, has been studied as an animal model for Sjögren's syndrome. In this study, we confirmed that administration of resveratrol results in increased secretion of saliva in NOD mice...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Ala Abdelali, Maie Al-Bader, Narayana Kilarkaje
Diabetes induces oxidative stress, DNA damage and alters several intracellular signaling pathways in organ systems. This study investigated modulatory effects of Trans-Resveratrol on type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM)-induced abnormal spermatogenesis, DNA damage and alterations in poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) signaling in rat testis. Trans-Resveratrol administration (5mg/kg/day, ip) to Streptozotocin-induced T1DM adult male Wistar rats from day 22-42 resulted in recovery of induced oxidative stress, abnormal spermatogenesis and inhibited DNA synthesis, and led to mitigation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine formation in the testis and spermatozoa, and DNA double-strand breaks in the testis...
September 27, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Shao-Yu Yang, Shuei-Liong Lin, Yung-Ming Chen, Vin-Cent Wu, Wei-Shiung Yang, Kwan-Dun Wu
Activation of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) attenuates unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced inflammation and fibrosis, suggesting that Sirt1 may prevent tubulointerstitial fibrosis. In this study, we explored changes in the expression of Sirt1 in the kidneys of UUO-treated rats and evaluated the effects of Sirt1 activation or inhibition on renal pathology and mediators of UUO pathogenesis, especially angiotensin II and nuclear factor (NF)-κB, in rats and rat renal fibroblasts. Sirt1 expression increased in the obstructed kidney but not in the contralateral kidney and was mainly detected in tubulointerstitial cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
Lei Jiang, Lei Zhang, Kai Kang, Dongsheng Fei, Rui Gong, Yanhui Cao, Shangha Pan, Mingran Zhao, Mingyan Zhao
NLRP3 inflammasome plays a pivotal role in the development of acute lung injury (ALI), accelerating IL-1β and IL-18 release and inducing lung inflammation. Resveratrol, a natural phytoalexin, has anti-inflammatory properties via inhibition of oxidation, leukocyte priming, and production of inflammatory mediators. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of resveratrol on NLRP3 inflammasome in lipopolysaccharide-induced ALI. Mice were intratracheally instilled with 3mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce ALI...
September 16, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yueli Tian, Jingting Ma, Wudong Wang, Lingjuan Zhang, Jia Xu, Kai Wang, Dongfu Li
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by high levels of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), inflammation, and hepatic steatosis. Inflammation plays a crucial role in the development of fatty liver. Resveratrol (RSV) supplement could improve inflammatory response and hepatic steatosis, whereas the underlying mechanism was not well understood. In this study, mice fed with high-fat diet (HFD) exhibited severe hepatic injury and high blood concentrations of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β...
November 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Rui Wang, Yu Zhang, Jianguo Li, Ce Zhang
β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition is considered partially responsible for cognitive dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, resveratrol has been reported to play a potential role as a neuroprotective biofactor by modulating Aβ pathomechanisms, including through anti-neuronal apoptotic, anti-oxidative stress, and anti-neuroinflammatory effects. In addition, SIRT1 has been demonstrated to modulate learning and memory function by regulating the expression of CREB, which involves in modulating the expression of SIRT1...
September 3, 2016: Neuroscience
Luana Naia, Tatiana R Rosenstock, Ana M Oliveira, Sofia I Oliveira-Sousa, Gladys L Caldeira, Catarina Carmo, Mário N Laço, Michael R Hayden, Catarina R Oliveira, A Cristina Rego
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent lysine deacetylase that regulates longevity and enhances mitochondrial metabolism. Both activation and inhibition of SIRT1 were previously shown to ameliorate neuropathological mechanisms in Huntington's disease (HD), a neurodegenerative disease that selectively affects the striatum and cortex and is commonly linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, in this study, we tested the influence of resveratrol (RESV, a SIRT1 activator) versus nicotinamide (NAM, a SIRT1 inhibitor) in counteracting mitochondrial dysfunction in HD models, namely striatal and cortical neurons isolated from YAC128 transgenic mice embryos, HD human lymphoblasts, and an in vivo HD model...
September 2, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Nannan Zhang, Zhongchi Li, Kang Xu, Yanying Wang, Zhao Wang
Obesity-related renal diseases have been a worldwide issue. Effective strategy that prevents high fat-diet induced renal damage is of great significance. Resveratrol, a natural plant polyphenol, is famous for its antioxidant activity, cardioprotective effects and anticancer properties. However whether resveratrol can play a role in the treatment of renal diseases is unknown. In this study, we added resveratrol in normal glucose or high glucose medium and provide evidences that resveratrol protects against high-glucose triggered oxidative stress and cell senescence...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kun Wang, Wei Li, Qihong Yu, Bing Guo, Bin Yang, Chen Zhang, Min Li, Jinjin Li, Shaobo Hu, Qichang Zheng, Zifang Song
The phenotypic modulation of VSMCs is a key cellular event driving neointimal formation and vascular remodeling. As a multifaceted cytokine of cell-mediated immunity, IFN-γ has been shown to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of vascular proliferative diseases. Although the important function of IFN-γ on regulating VSMC activation is well established, the molecular mechanisms by which elicits VSMC responses are poorly defined. Recent studies have identified HMGB1 as a principal effector to mediate IFN-γ-dependent biological functions in multiple cell types...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Jung Seok Hwang, Sun Ah Ham, Taesik Yoo, Won Jin Lee, Kyung Shin Paek, Chi-Ho Lee, Han Geuk Seo
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) has been implicated in vascular pathophysiology. However, its functions in atherogenic changes of the vascular wall have not been fully elucidated. PPARδ activated by GW501516 (2-[2-methyl-4-[[4-methyl-2-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1,3-thiazol-5-yl]methylsulfanyl]phenoxy]acetic acid) significantly inhibited the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) triggered by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). These GW501516-mediated effects were significantly reversed by PPARδ-targeting small-interfering RNA (siRNA), indicating that PPARδ is involved in the action of GW501516...
November 2016: Molecular Pharmacology
Michael S Bonkowski, David A Sinclair
The sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are a family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacylases with remarkable abilities to prevent diseases and even reverse aspects of ageing. Mice engineered to express additional copies of SIRT1 or SIRT6, or treated with sirtuin-activating compounds (STACs) such as resveratrol and SRT2104 or with NAD(+) precursors, have improved organ function, physical endurance, disease resistance and longevity. Trials in non-human primates and in humans have indicated that STACs may be safe and effective in treating inflammatory and metabolic disorders, among others...
August 24, 2016: Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology
Ana García-Aguilar, Carlos Guillén, Mark Nellist, Alberto Bartolomé, Manuel Benito
There is a growing evidence of the role of protein acetylation in different processes controlling metabolism. Sirtuins (histone deacetylases nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent) activate autophagy playing a protective role in cell homeostasis. This study analyzes tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC2) lysine acetylation, in the regulation of mTORC1 signaling activation, autophagy and cell proliferation. Nicotinamide 5mM (a concentration commonly used to inhibit SIRT1), increased TSC2 acetylation in its N-terminal domain, and concomitantly with an augment in its ubiquitination protein status, leading to mTORC1 activation and cell proliferation...
August 16, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Guijuan Feng, Ke Zheng, Donghui Song, Ke Xu, Dan Huang, Ye Zhang, Peipei Cao, Shuling Shen, Jinlong Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Dongmei Zhang
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), as one type of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), have the capability of self-renewal and differentiating along the various directions, including osteogenic, chondrogenic, neurogenic, and adipogenic. We previously study and found that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) promoted osteogenic differentiation of human DPSCs via the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in low concentration while inhibited that in high concentration. In the abovementioned process, we found that sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) had the same change compared with the characteristic protein of bone formation, such as bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and collagen I (COL1)...
August 16, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Shogo Shiratsuki, Tomotaka Hara, Yasuhisa Munakata, Koumei Shirasuna, Takehito Kuwayama, Hisataka Iwata
The present study addresses molecular backgrounds underlying low oxygen induced metabolic changes and 1.2-fold change in bovine granulosa cell (GCs) proliferation. RNA-seq revealed that low oxygen (5%) upregulated genes associated with HIF-1 and glycolysis and downregulated genes associated with mitochondrial respiration than that in high oxygen level (21%). Low oxygen level induced high glycolytic activity and low mitochondrial function and biogenesis. Low oxygen level enhanced GC proliferation with high expression levels of HIF-1, VEGF, AKT, mTOR, and S6RP, whereas addition of anti-VEGF antibody decreased cellular proliferation with low phosphorylated AKT and mTOR expression levels...
December 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Liang Liu, Qin Zhang, Yulong Cai, Dayu Sun, Xie He, Lian Wang, Dan Yu, Xin Li, Xiaoyi Xiong, Haiwei Xu, Qingwu Yang, Xiaotang Fan
Radial glial-like cells (RGLs) in the adult dentate gyrus (DG) function as progenitor cells for adult hippocampal neurogenesis, a process involved in the stress-related pathophysiology and treatment efficiency of depression. Resveratrol (RSV) has been demonstrated to be a potent activator of neurogenesis. The present study investigated whether chronic RSV treatment has antidepressant potential in relation to hippocampal neurogenesis. Mice received two weeks of RSV (20 mg/kg) or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) treatment, followed by lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1 mg/kg) or saline injections for 5 days...
August 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Hee-Dae Kim, Jennifer Hesterman, Tanessa Call, Samantha Magazu, Elizabeth Keeley, Kristyna Armenta, Hope Kronman, Rachael L Neve, Eric J Nestler, Deveroux Ferguson
UNLABELLED: Depression is a recurring and life-threatening illness that affects up to 120 million people worldwide. In the present study, we show that chronic social defeat stress, an ethologically validated model of depression in mice, increases SIRT1 levels in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a key brain reward region. Increases in SIRT1, a well characterized class III histone deacetylase, after chronic social defeat suggest a role for this enzyme in mediating depression-like behaviors...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Yu-Tang Chin, Meng-Ti Hsieh, Chi-Yu Lin, Po-Jan Kuo, Yu-Chen S H Yang, Ya-Jung Shih, Hsuan-Yu Lai, Guei-Yun Cheng, Heng-Yuan Tang, Chen-Chen Lee, Sheng-Yang Lee, Ching-Chiung Wang, Hung-Yun Lin, Earl Fu, Jacqueline Whang-Peng, Leroy F Liu
Periodontitis, a chronic infection by periodontopathic bacteria, induces uncontrolled inflammation, which leads to periodontal tissue destruction. 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-glucoside (THSG), a polyphenol extracted from Polygoni Multiflori, reportedly has anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of THSG on the Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced inflammatory responses in human gingival fibroblasts and animal modeling of ligature-induced periodontitis. Human gingival fibroblast cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from P...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
So Youn Park, Hye Rin Lee, Won Suk Lee, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Hye Young Kim, Ki Whan Hong, Chi Dae Kim
A neuroprotective role of autophagy mediates the degradation of β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The previous study showed cilostazol modulates autophagy by increasing beclin1, Atg5 and LC3-II expressions, and depletes intracellular Aβ accumulation. This study elucidated the mechanisms through which cilostazol modulates the autophagic degradation of Aβ in neurons. In N2a cells, cilostazol (10-30 μM), significantly increased the expression of P-AMPKα (Thr 172) and downstream P-ACC (acetyl-CoA carboxylase) (Ser 79) as did resveratrol (SIRT1 activator), or AICAR (AMPK activator), which were blocked by KT5720, compound C (AMPK inhibitor), or sirtinol...
2016: PloS One
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