keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disclosure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230911/interventions-to-reduce-the-stigma-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Joanna R Doley, Laura M Hart, Arthur A Stukas, Katja Petrovic, Ayoub Bouguettaya, Susan J Paxton
Stigma is a problem for individuals with eating disorders (EDs), forming a barrier to disclosure and help-seeking. Interventions to reduce ED stigma may help remove these barriers; however, it is not known which strategies (e.g., explaining etiology to reduce blame, contact with a person with an ED, or educating about ED) are effective in reducing stigma and related outcomes. This review described effectiveness of intervention strategies, and identified gaps in the literature. A search of four databases was performed using the terms (eating disorder* OR bulimi* OR anorexi* OR binge-eating disorder) AND (stigma* OR stereotyp* OR beliefs OR negative attitudes) AND (program OR experiment OR intervention OR education), with additional texts sought through LISTSERVs...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230574/patient-safety-culture-in-mutual-insurance-companies-in-spain
#2
Rafael Manzanera, José Joaquín Mira, Manel Plana, Daniel Moya, Mercedes Guilabert, Jordi Ortner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the safety culture in a mutual insurance sector, searching for improvement opportunities. This sector offers health insurance for work-related injuries and occupational illnesses and represents an annual volume of patients corresponding to approximately 10% of the working population in Europe. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the safety culture in the mutual insurance sector in Spain. All physicians, nurses, and physiotherapists (N = 816) working in the organization in hospitals, outpatient clinics, and managerial settings were invited to reply to an online survey...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230457/comparative-effectiveness-of-rapid-acting-insulins-in-adults-with-diabetes
#3
Patrick N Racsa, Yunus Meah, Jeffrey J Ellis, Kimberly R Saverno
BACKGROUND: Although there are a variety of insulin products and new delivery modalities available, the absence of direct clinical and economic comparisons can make treatment planning and formulary decision making difficult. Direct comparisons between insulin aspart and insulin lispro from a large heterogeneous population are not available. OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in clinical outcomes, medication adherence, utilization, and total health care costs between aspart and lispro and vial versus pen modalities for administering these short-acting insulin analogs...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230454/adherence-persistence-and-health-care-costs-for-patients-receiving-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors
#4
Karen L Rascati, Karen Worley, Yunus Meah, Damian Everhart
BACKGROUND: The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are among the newer, yet more established, classes of diabetes medications. OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence, persistence, and health care costs among patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: Claims were extracted from Humana Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) or commercial plans for patients aged > 18 years with ≥ 1 prescription filled for a DPP-4 inhibitor between July 1, 2011, and March 31, 2013...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229484/the-effects-of-secret-instructions-and-yes-no-questions-on-maltreated-and-non-maltreated-children-s-reports-of-a-minor-transgression
#5
Elizabeth C Ahern, Stacia N Stolzenberg, Kelly McWilliams, Thomas D Lyon
This study examined the effects of secret instructions (distinguishing between good/bad secrets and encouraging disclosure of bad secrets) and yes/no questions (DID: "Did the toy break?" versus DYR: "Do you remember if the toy broke?") on 262 maltreated and non-maltreated children's (age range 4-9 years) reports of a minor transgression. Over two-thirds of children failed to disclose the transgression in response to free recall (invitations and cued invitations). The secret instruction increased disclosures early in free recall, but was not superior to no instruction when combined with cued invitations...
November 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226335/repeated-quantitative-urine-toxicology-analysis-may-improve-chronic-pain-patient-compliance-with-opioid-therapy
#6
Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Omar M Khan, Afsaneh Beiranvand, Kenneth D Candido
BACKGROUND: Even though serious efforts have been undertaken by different medical societies to reduce opioid use for treating chronic benign pain, many Americans continue to seek pain relief through opioid consumption. Assuring compliance of these patients may be a difficult aspect of proper management even with regular behavioral monitoring. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to accurately assess the compliance of chronic opioid-consuming patients in an outpatient setting and evaluate if utilizing repeated urine drug testing (UDT) could improve compliance...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#7
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224991/prevalence-of-congenital-amusia
#8
Isabelle Peretz, Dominique T Vuvan
Congenital amusia (commonly known as tone deafness) is a lifelong musical disorder that affects 4% of the population according to a single estimate based on a single test from 1980. Here we present the first large-based measure of prevalence with a sample of 20 000 participants, which does not rely on self-referral. On the basis of three objective tests and a questionnaire, we show that (a) the prevalence of congenital amusia is only 1.5%, with slightly more females than males, unlike other developmental disorders where males often predominate; (b) self-disclosure is a reliable index of congenital amusia, which suggests that congenital amusia is hereditary, with 46% first-degree relatives similarly affected; (c) the deficit is not attenuated by musical training and (d) it emerges in relative isolation from other cognitive disorder, except for spatial orientation problems...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223670/-clinical-management-of-hboc-in-our-hospital
#9
Hidetaka Nomura, Nobuhiro Takeshima
The cumulative risks of developing epithelial ovarian cancer in women aged 70-75years with BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations are approximately 39-40% and 11-18%, respectively. Here, we present the management of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer(HBOC)in our hospital. HBOC management commences with the selection of appropriate candidates for genetic testing, based on personal and familial characteristics that determine the individual's probability of being a mutation carrier. Pre-test counseling, which is an essential element of genetic counseling, should include discussion of why the test is being offered, how the test results may affect medical management, and the cancer risks associated with the gene mutation...
February 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222731/genomic-newborn-screening-public-health-policy-considerations-and-recommendations
#10
Jan M Friedman, Martina C Cornel, Aaron J Goldenberg, Karla J Lister, Karine Sénécal, Danya F Vears
BACKGROUND: The use of genome-wide (whole genome or exome) sequencing for population-based newborn screening presents an opportunity to detect and treat or prevent many more serious early-onset health conditions than is possible today. METHODS: The Paediatric Task Team of the Global Alliance for Genomics and Health's Regulatory and Ethics Working Group reviewed current understanding and concerns regarding the use of genomic technologies for population-based newborn screening and developed, by consensus, eight recommendations for clinicians, clinical laboratory scientists, and policy makers...
February 21, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222493/mobilising-culture-against-domestic-violence-in-migrant-and-ethnic-communities-practitioner-perspectives-from-aotearoa-new-zealand
#11
Rachel Simon-Kumar, Priya A Kurian, Faith Young-Silcock, Nirmala Narasimhan
Studies on domestic violence in ethnic minority communities highlight that social norms, family structures and cultural practices are among the key triggers of violence against women. Not surprisingly, most anti-violence interventions in these communities aim to redeem women from the oppressive features of these cultures. More recently, however, emergent scholarship advocates mobilising, rather than erasing, culture within existing anti-violence strategies. This paper explores the nature of culturally informed interventions used by front-line workers...
February 21, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222390/epr-and-photophysical-characterization-of-six-bioactive-oxidovanadium-iv-complexes-in-the-conditions-of-in-vitro-cell-tests
#12
Marta Lovisari, Giorgio Volpi, Domenica Marabello, Silvano Cadamuro, Annamaria Deagostino, Eliano Diana, Alessandro Barge, Margherita Gallicchio, Valentina Boscaro, Elena Ghibaudi
A number of oxidovanadium(IV) complexes have been reported to display anticancer activity. A theranostic approach, based on the simultaneous observation of both the effect of oxidovanadium(IV) complexes on cell viability and the disclosure of their intracellular fate, is possible by using oxidovanadium(IV) complexes functionalized with fluorescent ligands. In the present study we accomplished the characterization of six oxidovanadium(IV) complexes in conditions close to those employed for in vitro administration...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221820/risks-benefits-and-importance-of-collecting-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-in-healthcare-settings-a-multi-method-analysis-of-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#13
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Maya Torain, Rachel Adler, Eric Schneider, Anju Ranjit, Lisa M Kodadek, Ryan Shields, Danielle German, Claire Snyder, Susan Peterson, Jeremiah Schuur, Brandyn Lau, Adil H Haider
PURPOSE: Research suggests that LGBT populations experience barriers to healthcare. Organizations such as the Institute of Medicine recommend routine documentation of sexual orientation (SO) and gender identity (GI) in healthcare, to reduce LGBT disparities. We explore patient views regarding the importance of SO/GI collection, and patient and provider views on risks and benefits of routine SO/GI collection in various settings. METHODS: We surveyed LGBT/non-LGBT patients and providers on their views on SO/GI collection...
February 21, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221067/ethical-concerns-for-telemental-health-therapy-amidst-governmental-surveillance
#14
Samuel D Lustgarten, Alexander J Colbow
Technology, infrastructure, governmental support, and interest in mental health accessibility have led to a burgeoning field of telemental health therapy (TMHT). Psychologists can now provide therapy via computers at great distances and little cost for parties involved. Growth of TMHT within the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and among psychologists surveyed by the American Psychological Association (APA) suggests optimism in this provision of services (Godleski, Darkins, & Peters, 2012; Jacobsen & Kohout, 2010)...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220984/enacting-open-disclosure-in-the-uk-national-health-service-a-qualitative-exploration
#15
Reema Harrison, Yvonne Birks, Kate Bosanquet, Rick Iedema
BACKGROUND: Open and honest discussion between healthcare providers and patients and families affected by error is considered to be a central feature of high quality and safer patient care, evidenced by the implementation of open disclosure policies and guidance internationally. This paper discusses the perceived enablers that UK doctors and nurses report as facilitating the enactment of open disclosure. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 13 doctors and 22 nurses from a range of levels and specialities from 5 national health service hospitals and primary care trusts in the UK were conducted and analysed using a framework approach...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220088/it-takes-a-virtual-village-exploring-the-role-of-a-career-community-to-support-sensemaking-as-a-proactive-socialization-practice
#16
Darren Good, Kevin Cavanagh
Scholars have long advocated for individuals to play a more proactive role during organizational entry rather than relying on institutionally led processes. The primary benefit being that the newcomer moves from passive recipient, dependent on the institution to highlight relevant information, to active agent with self-determined sources and methods to aid in adjustment. A virtual career community made up of 12 first year business faculty members was created to provide such a self-determined source of support during the transition from doctoral studies to full-time assistant professorship...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219879/use-of-online-forums-for-perinatal-mental-illness-stigma-and-disclosure-an-exploratory-model
#17
Donna Moore, Nicholas Drey, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental illness is a global health concern; however, many women with the illness do not get the treatment they need to recover. Interventions that reduce the stigma around perinatal mental illness have the potential to enable women to disclose their symptoms to health care providers and consequently access treatment. There are many online forums for perinatal mental illness and thousands of women use them. Preliminary research suggests that online forums may promote help-seeking behavior, potentially because they have a role in challenging stigma...
February 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216951/a-qualitative-insight-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-used-by-hypertensive-patients
#18
Inas Rifaat Ibrahim, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Haydar F Al Tukmagi
BACKGROUND: The self-treatment with complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) in chronic diseases is portraying an expanding trend worldwide. Yet, little is known concerning patients' motives to use CAM in the control of blood pressure. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the self-use of CAM in the management of hypertension and explore patients' attitudes, perceived benefits, and disclosure to the physician. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative technique was adopted and face-to-face interviews, using a validated interview guide, were carried out among twenty hypertensive patients...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216857/body-image-and-sexuality-in-women-survivors-of-breast-cancer-in-india-qualitative-findings
#19
Michelle S Barthakur, Mahendra P Sharma, Santosh K Chaturvedi, Suraj K Manjunath
OBJECTIVES: With increasing rates of breast cancer survivors, psychosocial issues surrounding cancer survivorship have been gaining prominence. The following article reports on body image and sexuality-related issues in aftermath of the diagnosis and its treatment in the Indian context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Research design was mixed method, cross-sectional, and exploratory in nature. Quantitative sample consisted of fifty survivors while the qualitative sample size included 15 out of the 50 total breast cancer survivors who were recruited from hospitals, nongovernmental organization, and through word-of-mouth...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216606/calamintha-nepeta-l-savi-and-its-main-essential-oil-constituent-pulegone-biological-activities-and-chemistry
#20
Mijat Božović, Rino Ragno
Medicinal plants play an important role in the treatment of a wide range of diseases, even if their chemical constituents are not always completely recognized. Observations on their use and efficacy significantly contribute to the disclosure of their therapeutic properties. Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi is an aromatic herb with a mint-oregano flavor, used in the Mediterranean areas as a traditional medicine. It has an extensive range of biological activities, including antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, as well as anti-ulcer and insecticidal properties...
February 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
71912
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"