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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913944/special-online-issue-author-disclosure-summary
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913075/the-photosensitivity-model-is-not-a-model-for-partial-focal-seizures-rebuttal
#2
Roger J Porter
New, more effective and less toxic medications are desperately needed for patients with partial (focal) epilepsy. Many hurdles prevent the appropriate study of promising compounds. One of these hurdles is the gap between Phase I and Phase II-the expensive proof of concept to suggest that human trials in partial seizure patients will be successful. A short-cut, the photoparoxysmal response (PPR) model has recently been used to increase confidence in moving a compound into Phase II and III. This shortcut has substantial limitations...
November 22, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911012/the-role-of-age-of-disclosure-of-biological-origins-in-the-psychological-wellbeing-of-adolescents-conceived-by-reproductive-donation-a-longitudinal-study-from-age-1-to-age-14
#3
Elena Ilioi, Lucy Blake, Vasanti Jadva, Gabriela Roman, Susan Golombok
BACKGROUND: The question of whether children should be told of their biological origins is one of the most controversial issues regarding the birth of children through donated eggs, sperm, embryos or surrogacy. METHODS: In the sixth phase of this longitudinal study when the children were aged 14 years, family relationships and adolescent adjustment were examined in 87 families created through reproductive donation and 54 natural conception families. The quality of family relationships was assessed by standardised interview with mothers and by standardised questionnaires and an observational measure with mothers and adolescents...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910749/role-of-toll-like-receptors-in-hepatitis-c-virus-pathogenesis-and-treatment
#4
Usman Ali Ashfaq, Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal, Saba Khaliq
Viral infections are rising every day, and viruses appear to be the most dangerous pathogens in the world. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is accepted as one of the major destructive factors of promoting severe hepatic disorders by infecting more than 180 million individuals throughout the world. Chronic infection caused by HCV poses a serious global health emergency and appears to be a powerful threat to humanity. Almost 20 years have passed since the disclosure of HCV, but even now, treatment preferences remain limited...
2016: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910722/post-exposure-prophylaxis-awareness-and-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-who-use-geosocial-networking-smartphone-applications
#5
William C Goedel, Daniel Hagen, Perry N Halkitis, Richard E Greene, Marybec Griffin-Tomas, Forrest A Brooks, DeMarc Hickson, Dustin T Duncan
The number of new HIV infections continues to be on the rise in many high-income countries, most notably among men who have sex with men (MSM). Despite recent attention to the use of antiretroviral medications as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among MSM, considerably less research has been devoted to examining the awareness and use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Based on a convenience sample of 179 self-reported HIV-uninfected MSM using a geosocial-networking smartphone application, this study is among the first to examine the awareness and use of PEP and their demographic and behavioral correlates among MSM in London...
December 2, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910189/a-qualitative-investigation-into-the-hiv-disclosure-process-within-an-intimate-partnership-the-moment-i-realized-that-our-relationship-was-developing-into-something-serious-i-just-had-to-tell-him
#6
Charlotte Smith, Rachel Cook, Poul Rohleder
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to elucidate the process through which people living with HIV (PLWH) in the United Kingdom disclose their status to an intimate partner (IP). DESIGN: A qualitative cross-sectional survey design was used. METHOD: A total of 95 PLWH took part. They were presented with a series of open-ended questions enquiring into their last experience of disclosing to an IP. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Disclosure became a salient issue when the discloser acknowledged their relationship as meaningful...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909379/-it-is-an-eye-opener-that-there-is-a-relationship-between-rehabilitation-and-hiv-perspectives-of-physiotherapists-and-occupational-therapists-in-kenya-and-zambia-on-the-role-of-rehabilitation-with-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#7
Stephanie Nixon, Cathy Cameron, Margaret Mweshi, Esther Munalula Nkandu, Carlius Okidi, Stephen Tattle, Tammy Yates
Purpose: To present the perspectives of rehabilitation providers-physiotherapists and occupational therapists-in Kenya and Zambia on the role of rehabilitation in the care of adults and children living with HIV. Methods: This qualitative, interpretivist study was part of a broader project to adapt a Canadian e-module on HIV-related disability for rehabilitation providers in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Focus groups, demographic questionnaires, and knowledge-attitude-belief surveys were conducted with rehabilitation providers in Kenya and Zambia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909250/conditional-disclosure-on-pathways-to-care-coping-preferences-of-young-people-at-risk-of-psychosis
#8
Petra C Gronholm, Graham Thornicroft, Kristin R Laurens, Sara Evans-Lacko
The interrelationship between stigma and help-seeking is under-researched among children and adolescents. This study explored stigma in relation to pathways to care among young people putatively in an early stage of increased risk of developing psychotic disorders. "Pathways to care" was defined as help-seeking and support from informal and formal resources, and increased risk was determined through the presence of persistent psychotic-like experiences and internalizing/externalizing psychopathology. Twenty-nine qualitative interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis...
November 30, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909179/disclosure-recipients-social-reactions-to-victims-disclosures-of-intimate-partner-violence
#9
Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis
Prior research indicates that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are most likely to disclose their victimization experiences to an informal support (e.g., friend, family), and that IPV disclosures are often met with both positive (e.g., empathic support) and negative (e.g., victim blame) reactions. However, research on social reactions to disclosure largely has neglected the perspectives of disclosure recipients. Guided by the attribution framework, the current study extends prior research by assessing factors (i...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909178/no-differences-in-health-outcomes-after-routine-inquiry-about-violence-victimization-in-young-women-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-swedish-youth-health-centers
#10
Anna Palm, Ulf Högberg, Niclas Olofsson, Alkistis Skalkidou, Ingela Danielsson
Youth is a period in life when the risk of violence victimization is high and association between victimization and ill health is well established. Youth rarely reveal violence victimization to health professionals if not directly asked but favor health professionals asking about victimization. The study's primary aim was to examine health outcomes in young women being routinely asked about violence victimization and offered subsequent support, compared with controls, at 12-month follow-up. Secondary aims were to examine to what extent routine inquiry altered the consultation and re-victimization rates during the study period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908525/the-photosensitivity-model-is-not-a-model-for-partial-focal-seizures
#11
Roger J Porter
New, more effective and less toxic medications are desperately needed for patients with partial (focal) epilepsy. Many hurdles prevent the appropriate study of promising compounds. One of these hurdles is the difficult gap between Phase I and Phase II-the expensive proof of concept to suggest that human trials in partial seizure patients will be successful. A short-cut, the photoparoxysmal response (PPR) model has recently been used to increase confidence in moving a compound into Phase II and III (K-N Trenite et al...
November 22, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906471/negotiated-safety-components-context-and-use-an-integrative-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
NataIie M Leblanc, Jason W Mitchell, Joseph P De Santis
AIM: To examine the components and use of negotiated safety in the context of HIV prevention and to identify reported factors associated with the concept. BACKGROUND: There is an emerging interest in dyadic approaches to address HIV transmission. Although there are theoretical foundations for how interpersonal relationships influence individual behaviour, how these dyadic processes influence on health is still not wholly understood. DESIGN: Integrative review of empirical and theoretical literature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905654/-conflict-of-interest-disclosure-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-reliability-of-research
#13
Mauricio Soto Subiabre
Conflicts of interest are situations in which professional judgment concerning a primary interest, tends to be influenced by a secondary interest. These conflicts could compromise the reliability of biomedical research and result in the dissemination of biased results. Therefore, it is essential to protect the integrity of them, because this information could be used in the development of health policy, medical education and clinical decision making. Conflicts of interest disclosure, is a bioethical tool that contributes to transparent these conflicts, but it is used inappropriately and insufficiently...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904743/frontline-worker-perceptions-of-medication-safety-in-india
#14
Sangeeta Sharma, Fauzia Tabassum, Sarbjeet Khurana, Kaveri Kapoor
BACKGROUND: To explore interprofessionals' perceptions about patient safety, particularly medication safety and associated factors and barriers. METHODS: A total of 389 respondents were recruited using convenience sample in the cross sectional survey. RESULTS: Medication safety was perceived as somewhat safe (60%). One-third of respondents witnessed 3-4 or more medication errors (MEs) within the past 1 year. Out of that, one quarter were reportedly, sentinel events...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901595/conflict-of-interest-policies-and-industry-relationships-of-guideline-development-group-members-a-cross-sectional-study-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-depression
#15
Lisa Cosgrove, Sheldon Krimsky, Emily E Wheeler, Shannon M Peters, Madeline Brodt, Allen F Shaughnessy
Because of increased attention to the issue of trustworthiness of clinical practice guidelines, it may be that both transparency and management of industry associations of guideline development groups (GDGs) have improved. The purpose of the present study was to assess a) the disclosure requirements of GDGs in a cross-section of guidelines for major depression; and, b) the extent and type of conflicts of panel members. Treatment guidelines for major depression were identified and searched for conflict of interest policies and disclosure statements...
October 24, 2016: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899834/evaluation-of-interprofessional-team-disclosure-of-a-medical-error-to-a-simulated-patient
#16
Kelly R Ragucci, Donna H Kern, Sarah P Shrader
Objective. To evaluate the impact of an Interprofessional Communication Skills Workshop on pharmacy student confidence and proficiency in disclosing medical errors to patients. Pharmacy student behavior was also compared to that of other health professions' students on the team. Design. Students from up to four different health professions participated in a simulation as part of an interprofessional team. Teams were evaluated with a validated rubric postsimulation on how well they handled the disclosure of an error to the patient...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898970/the-effect-of-branding-on-consumer-palatability-ratings-of-beef-strip-loin-steaks
#17
A K Wilfong, K V McKillip, J M Gonzalez, T A Houser, J A Unruh, E A E Boyle, T G O'Quinn
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of knowing the brand or USDA grade on consumer palatability ratings of beef strip loin steaks. Strip loins were selected to represent 5 USDA grades and brands, USDA Select, Choice, Prime, Certified Angus Beef (CAB; upper 2/3 Choice), and Select, from carcasses of cattle classified as Angus on the basis of phenotype. After 21 d of aging, 2.5-cm-thick steaks were cut, consecutively cut steaks were paired for consumer evaluation. Consumer panelists ( = 112) evaluated samples for tenderness, juiciness, flavor liking, and overall liking...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898955/determination-of-the-effect-of-brand-and-product-identification-on-consumer-palatability-ratings-of-ground-beef-patties
#18
A K Wilfong, K V McKillip, J M Gonzalez, T A Houser, J A Unruh, E A E Boyle, T G O'Quinn
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of brand and product identification on consumer palatability ratings of ground beef patties. Six treatments were used in the study: 90/10 Certified Angus Beef (CAB) ground sirloin, 90/10 ground beef, 80/20 CAB ground chuck, 80/20 ground chuck, 80/20 ground beef, and 73/27 CAB ground beef. Ground beef was processed into 151.2-g patties using a patty former with 2 consecutively formed patties assigned to blind consumer testing and the following 2 assigned to informed testing...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898736/long-term-antiretroviral-treatment-adherence-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-adults-in-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#19
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Cissy Kityo, Tobias F Rinke de Wit, Maria Roura
BACKGROUND: Long-term success of HIV antiretroviral therapy requires near-perfect adherence, maintained throughout one's lifetime. However, perceptions towards ART and patterns of adherence may change during the life course. We assessed challenges to long-term adherence in adolescents and adults in three regional HIV treatment centers in Uganda. METHODS: We conducted 24 in-depth interviews and 2 focus group discussions with a total of 33 health-care providers and expert clients (HIV patients on long-term ART who assist with adherence support of fellow patients)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898489/inner-speech-and-clarity-of-self-concept-in-thought-disorder-and-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#20
Paulo de Sousa, William Sellwood, Amy Spray, Charles Fernyhough, Richard P Bentall
Eighty patients and thirty controls were interviewed using one interview that promoted personal disclosure and another about everyday topics. Speech was scored using the Thought, Language and Communication scale (TLC). All participants completed the Self-Concept Clarity Scale (SCCS) and the Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire (VISQ). Patients scored lower than comparisons on the SCCS. Low scores were associated the disorganized dimension of TD. Patients also scored significantly higher on condensed and other people in inner speech, but not on dialogical or evaluative inner speech...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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