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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647412/real-world-data-to-assess-changes-in-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-predicted-cardiovascular-risk-after-ezetimibe-discontinuation-post-reporting-of-the-ezetimibe-and-simvastatin-in-hypercholesterolemia-enhances-atherosclerosis-regression-trial
#1
Harold E Bays, Mehul D Patel, Panagiotis Mavros, Dena R Ramey, Joanne E Tomassini, Andrew M Tershakovec, Carl A Baxter
BACKGROUND: The 2008 Ezetimibe and Simvastatin in Hypercholesterolemia Enhances Atherosclerosis Regression (ENHANCE) study demonstrated ezetimibe + simvastatin vs simvastatin alone had a neutral effect on the surrogate endpoint of carotid intima-media thickness. Subsequent media portrayal of the study prompted ezetimibe discontinuation in many patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the impact of ENHANCE reporting on ezetimibe discontinuation, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) changes, and potential cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645408/disclosure-of-medical-errors
#2
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644722/the-effects-of-polyvictimization-and-quality-of-caregiver-attachment-on-disclosure-of-illegal-sexual-behavior
#3
Megan E Harrelson, Apryl A Alexander, Hugo B Morais, Barry R Burkhart
The current study examined the relationship among self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors and two conceptually relevant constructs in psychotherapy: childhood polyvictimization (i.e., cumulative types of victimization experienced during childhood) and caregiver attachment. Participants consisted of 63 adolescent males participating in mandated treatment for illegal sexual behavior. Childhood polyvictimization and caregiver attachment were expected to predict self-disclosure of illegal sexual behaviors. Quality of caregiver attachment was also expected to mediate the relationship between polyvictimization and disclosure...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644381/an-efficient-user-authentication-and-user-anonymity-scheme-with-provably-security-for-iot-based-medical-care-system
#4
Chun-Ta Li, Tsu-Yang Wu, Chin-Ling Chen, Cheng-Chi Lee, Chien-Ming Chen
In recent years, with the increase in degenerative diseases and the aging population in advanced countries, demands for medical care of older or solitary people have increased continually in hospitals and healthcare institutions. Applying wireless sensor networks for the IoT-based telemedicine system enables doctors, caregivers or families to monitor patients' physiological conditions at anytime and anyplace according to the acquired information. However, transmitting physiological data through the Internet concerns the personal privacy of patients...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641134/adverse-childhood-experiences-ace-and-adult-attachment-interview-aai-in-a-non-clinical-population
#5
Paula Thomson, S Victoria Jaque
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) tend to be interrelated rather than independently occurring. There is a graded effect associated with ACE exposure and pathology, with an increase when ACE exposure is four or more. This study examined a sample of active individuals (n=129) to determine distribution patterns and relationships between ACEs, attachment classification, unresolved mourning (U), and disclosure difficulty. The results of this study demonstrated a strong relationship between increased ACEs and greater unresolved mourning...
June 19, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639990/recent-mobile-health-interventions-to-support-medication-adherence-among-hiv-positive-msm
#6
Kathryn E Muessig, Sara LeGrand, Keith J Horvath, José A Bauermeister, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe recent mobile health (mHealth) interventions supporting antiretroviral therapy (ART) medication adherence among HIV-positive MSM. RECENT FINDINGS: Keyword searches (1 January 2016-13 May 2017) identified 721 citations. Seven publications reporting on six studies met inclusion criteria. Five studies focused on MSM. Interventions primarily employed text messaging (n = 4), whereas two focused on smartphone apps and one on social media...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639801/the-evolving-landscape-of-title-ix-predicting-mandatory-reporters-responses-to-sexual-assault-disclosures
#7
Kathryn J Holland, Lilia M Cortina
Approximately 1 in 4 women is sexually assaulted in college, a problem that federal law has attempted to address with recent changes. Under the evolving landscape of Title IX, and related law, universities nationwide have overhauled their sexual assault policies, procedures, and resources. Many of the new policies designate undergraduate resident assistants (RAs) as Responsible Employees-requiring them to provide assistance and report to the university if a fellow student discloses sexual assault. We investigated factors that predict the likelihood of RAs enacting their policy mandate, that is, reporting sexual assault disclosures to university authorities and referring survivors to sexual assault resources...
June 22, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639528/challenges-in-accessing-and-interviewing-participants-with-severe-mental-illness
#8
Daniel Newman, Pauline O'Reilly, Siew Hwa Lee, Catriona Kennedy
Background Interviews are widely used in qualitative research to collect data. However, little has been written about interviewing people with severe mental illness (SMI). Aim To report and analyse an experience of addressing the ethical and practical challenges of interviewing people with SMI. Discussion Semi-structured interviews were conducted as part of a doctoral study to explore how service users and healthcare professionals built relationships with each other. Conclusion Although interviewing participants with SMI was challenging, rich data illustrating their experiences were gathered...
June 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639482/-always-looking-for-a-new-balance-toward-an-understanding-of-what-it-takes-to-continue-working-while-being-diagnosed-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Hanneke van der Meide, Dennis van Gorp, Karin van der Hiele, Leo Visser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the meaning of work in the everyday lives of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and the barriers and facilitators to staying in work. METHODS: Nineteen employed adults diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis participated in narrative interviews. All interviews were transcribed and coded for thematic analysis. RESULTS: For people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, continuing to work was a precarious balancing act...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635972/experiences-and-concerns-of-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer
#10
Allyson Baughman, Melissa A Clark, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify the experiences and needs of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to expand the current understanding of LGB survivorship by obtaining in-depth knowledge of survivorship among individuals with a cancer other than breast or prostate. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews via telephone.
. SETTING: Participants were recruited using social media, flyers, word of mouth, and contact with LGB and cancer organizations during a four-month period...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634332/predicting-the-potential-risk-area-of-illegal-vaccine-trade-in-china
#11
Yilan Liao, Yanhui Lei, Zhoupeng Ren, Huiyan Chen, Dongyue Li
Since the disclosure of the "Illegal vaccine operation series case in Jinan, Shandong" in March, 2016, this issue has attracted a great deal of attention and has led to public concerns about the safety and efficacy of the vaccines involved in this case. The main purpose of this paper is to scientifically and scrupulously predict the possible geographic distribution of illegal vaccines in China, and provide a foundation to guide future governmental policies and actions. A species distribution model was used because of the advantages of using presence/pseudo-absence or presence-only data, and it performs well with incomplete species distribution data...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632080/lesbian-disclosure-and-health-care-seeking-in-the-united-states-a-replication-study
#12
Melissa St Pierre
The current study explored factors associated with lesbian disclosure to health care providers (HCPs) and engagement in preventative health behaviors by replicating and extending a Canadian path analysis study with a sample of U.S. lesbians. Both patient (education, feminism, global outness, and internalized homophobia) and HCP-related (lesbian-friendly HCPs and patient comfort) factors were either directly or indirectly associated with disclosure and engagement in preventative health behaviors, including avoidance of health-compromising behaviors (e...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631060/estimating-the-size-of-the-msm-population-in-metro-vancouver-canada-using-multiple-methods-and-diverse-data-sources
#13
Ashleigh J Rich, Nathan J Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Zishan Cui, Jason Wong, Stanley Wong, Jody Jollimore, Henry Fisher Raymond, Travis Salway Hottes, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV globally, regionally in Canada, and locally in Vancouver. Lack of reliable population size estimates of MSM impedes effective implementation of health care services and limits our understanding of the HIV epidemic. We estimated the population size of MSM residing in Metro Vancouver drawing on four data sources: the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), a cross-sectional bio-behavioural MSM survey, HIV testing services data from sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics serving MSM, and online social networking site Facebook...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#14
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630534/data-sharing-a-new-editorial-initiative-of-the-international-committee-of-medical-journal-editors-implications-for-the-editors-network
#15
Fernando Alfonso, Karlen Adamyan, Jean-Yves Artigou, Michael Aschermann, Michael Boehm, Alfonso Buendia, Pao-Hsien Chu, Ariel Cohen, Livio Dei Cas, Mirza Dilic, Anton Doubell, Dario Echeverri, Nuray Enç, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Andreas Flammer, Eckart Fleck, Plamen Gatzov, Carmen Ginghina, Lino Goncalves, Habib Haouala, Mahmoud Hassanein, Gerd Heusch, Kurt Huber, Ivan Hulín, Mario Ivanusa, Rungroj Krittayaphong, Chu-Pak Lau, Germanas Marinskis, François Mach, Luiz Felipe Moreira, Tuomo Nieminen, Latifa Oukerraj, Stefan Perings, Luc Pierard, Tatjana Potpara, Walter Reyes-Caorsi, Se-Joong Rim, Olaf Rødevand, Georges Saade, Mikael Sander, Evgeny Shlyakhto, Bilgin Timuralp, Dimitris Tousoulis, Dilek Ural, J J Piek, Albert Varga, Thomas F Lüscher
The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) provides recommendations to improve the editorial standards and scientific quality of biomedical journals. These recommendations range from uniform technical requirements to more complex and elusive editorial issues including ethical aspects of the scientific process. Recently, registration of clinical trials, conflicts of interest disclosure, and new criteria for authorship- emphasizing the importance of responsibility and accountability-, have been proposed...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625294/no-192-fetal-sex-determination-and-disclosure-policy-statement
#16
Michiel C Van den Hof, Nestor Demancziuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623780/preschoolers-disclosures-of-child-sexual-abuse-examining-corroborated-cases-from-swedish-courts
#17
Mikaela Magnusson, Emelie Ernberg, Sara Landström
Young victims of child sexual abuse can - for a range of developmental, motivational and contextual reasons - have difficulties disclosing their experiences. In the present study, corroborated court cases concerning 57 preschoolers' disclosures of sexual abuse were examined using qualitative and quantitative methodologies. Together, the cases involved 53 girls and 4 boys between 2-6 years (M=4.2, SD=1.2) during the (first) incident of abuse. The children were between 3-7 years (M=5.3, SD=1.2) during their police interview...
June 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623004/variable-methodological-quality-and-use-found-in-systematic-reviews-referenced-in-stemi-clinical-practice-guidelines
#18
Jared Scott, Benjamin Howard, Philip Sinnett, Michael Schiesel, Jana Baker, Patrick Henderson, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the methodological quality and clarity of reporting of the systematic reviews (SRs) supporting clinical practice guideline (CPG) recommendations in the management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) across international CPGs. METHODS: We searched 13 guideline clearinghouses including the National Guideline Clearinghouse and Guidelines International Network (GIN). To meet inclusion criteria CPGs must be pertinent to the management of STEMI, endorsed by a governing body or national organization, and written in English...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621583/effect-of-a-publicly-accessible-disclosure-system-on-food-safety-inspection-scores-in-retail-and-food-service-establishments
#19
Jihee Choi, Robert L Scharff
The increased frequency with which people are dining out coupled with an increase in the publicity of foodborne disease outbreaks has led the public to an increased awareness of food safety issues associated with food service establishments. To accommodate consumer needs, local health departments have increasingly publicized food establishments' health inspection scores. The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of the color-coded inspection score disclosure system in place since 2006 in Columbus, OH, by controlling for several confounding factors...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617207/development-and-validation-of-a-scale-assessing-mental-health-clinicians-experiences-of-associative-stigma
#20
Philip T Yanos, Beth Vayshenker, Joseph S DeLuca, Lauren K O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Mental health professionals who work with people with serious mental illnesses are believed to experience associative stigma. Evidence suggests that associative stigma could play an important role in the erosion of empathy among professionals; however, no validated measure of the construct currently exists. This study examined the convergent and discriminant validity and factor structure of a new scale assessing the associative stigma experiences of clinicians working with people with serious mental illnesses...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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