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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638295/eagle-syndrome-secondary-to-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-styloid-process
#1
Anna K Bareiss, David Z Cai, Amit S Patel, Brian A Moore
BACKGROUND: Eagle syndrome is a rare condition caused by elongation of the styloid process or ossification of the stylohyoid ligament. The symptomatology can be vague but may include dysphagia, odynophagia, otalgia, foreign body sensation, facial pain, trismus, headache, tinnitus, increased salivation, and/or voice changes. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 58-year-old male believed to have acquired Eagle syndrome secondary to osteoradionecrosis of the styloid process following radiation therapy used as adjuvant treatment for a surgically resected pT2N1M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the right tonsil...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635876/-salivation-after-stroke
#2
Z A Zalyalova
Salivation after stroke (sialorrhea, hypersalivation, ptyalism) can be caused by the overproduction or a lack of utilization of saliva. Patients after stroke often have sialorrhea as a result of dysphagia. Neurogenic dysphagia in acute period after stroke occurs in 25-65% of patients. The mortality rate among people with post-stroke dysphagia and tube feeding ranges from 20 to 24%. Patients who suffering from profuse salivation have difficulties with articulation and swallowing, bad breath, irritation and maceration of perioral area, contamination of clothing and bed linen...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634110/pharmacological-rescue-of-ductal-cftr-rescue-pancreatic-and-salivary-glands-acinar-cells-and-tissue-function-in-mouse-models-of-autoimmune-diseases
#3
Mei Zeng, Mitchell Szymczak, Malini Ahuja, Changyu Zheng, Hongen Yin, William Swaim, John A Chiorini, Robert J Bridges, Shmuel Muallem
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sjögren's syndrome and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are disorders with decreased function of salivary, lacrimal glands, and the exocrine pancreas. NOD/ShiLTJ mice and mice transduced with the cytokine BMP6 develop Sjögren's syndrome and chronic pancreatitis and MRL/Mp mice are models of AIP. CFTR is a ductal Cl(-) channel essential for ductal fluid and HCO3(-) secretion. We used these models to ask: is CFTR expression altered in these diseases, does correction of CFTR correct gland function, and most notably, does correcting ductal function correct acinar function...
June 17, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613151/stylet-penetration-activities-of-the-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-associated-with-inoculation-of-the-crinivirus-tomato-chlorosis-virus
#4
Nathalie Kristine Prado Maluta, Elisa Garzo, Aranzazu Moreno, Jesús Navas-Castillo, Elvira Fiallo-Olivé, João Roberto Spotti Lopes, Alberto Fereres
Bemisiatabaci is an important vector of numerous plant viruses, including the emergent semi-persistently transmitted crinivirus Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV). Its vector feeding behaviour is complex, with important implications for virus transmission, epidemiology and control. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the role of the stylet penetration activities of B. tabaci in the inoculation of ToCV in tomatoes by using the electrical penetration graph (EPG) technique. EPG recordings were classified into six categories depending on the waveforms observed...
June 14, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580229/mindfulness-reduces-reactivity-to-food-cues-underlying-mechanisms-and-applications-in-daily-life
#5
REVIEW
Mike Keesman, Henk Aarts, Michael Häfner, Esther K Papies
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mindfulness-based interventions are becoming increasingly popular as a means to facilitate healthy eating. We suggest that the decentering component of mindfulness, which is the metacognitive insight that all experiences are impermanent, plays an especially important role in such interventions. To facilitate the application of decentering, we address its psychological mechanism to reduce reactivity to food cues, proposing that it makes thoughts and simulations in response to food cues less compelling...
2017: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575085/acizzia-solanicola-hemiptera-psyllidae-probing-behaviour-on-two-solanum-spp-and-implications-for-possible-pathogen-spread
#6
Isabel Valenzuela, Piotr Trebicki, Kevin S Powell, Jessica Vereijssen, Sorn Norng, Alan L Yen
Piercing-sucking insects are vectors of plant pathogens, and an understanding of their feeding behaviour is crucial for studies on insect population dynamics and pathogen spread. This study examines probing behaviour of the eggplant psyllid, Acizzia solanicola (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), using the electrical penetration graph (EPG) technique, on two widespread and common hosts: eggplant (Solanum melongena) and tobacco bush (S. mauritianum). Six EPG waveforms were observed: waveform NP (non-probing phase), waveform C (pathway phase), G (feeding activities in xylem tissues), D (first contact with phloem tissues), E1 (salivation in the sieve elements) and E2 (ingestion from phloem tissues)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572066/validation-of-prospective-portion-size-and-latency-to-eat-as-measures-of-reactivity-to-snack-foods
#7
Karolien van den Akker, Peggy Bongers, Imke Hanssen, Anita Jansen
In experimental studies that investigate reactivity to the sight and smell of highly palatable snack foods, ad libitum food intake is commonly used as a behavioural outcome measure. However, this measure has several drawbacks. The current study investigated two intake-related measures not yet validated for food cue exposure research involving common snack foods: prospective portion size and latency to eat. We aimed to validate these measures by assessing prospective portion size and eating latencies in female undergraduate students who either underwent snack food exposure or a control exposure...
May 29, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491044/music-to-make-your-mouth-water-assessing-the-potential-influence-of-sour-music-on-salivation
#8
Qian J Wang, Klemens Knoeferle, Charles Spence
People robustly associate various sound attributes with specific smells/tastes, and soundtracks that are associated with specific tastes can influence people's evaluation of the taste of food and drink. However, it is currently unknown whether such soundtracks directly impact the eating experience via physiological changes (an embodiment account), or whether they act at a higher cognitive level, or both. The present research assessed a version of the embodiment account, where a soundtrack associated with sourness is hypothesized to induce a physiological response in the listener by increasing salivary flow...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481133/oral-1-generation-rat-reproduction-study-of-isobornyl-acetate-an-evaluation-through-sexual-maturity-in-the-f1-generation
#9
Valerie T Politano, Elise M Lewis, Alan M Hoberman, Robert M Diener, Anne Marie Api, Atish Patel
Reproductive toxicity of isobornyl acetate (IA), a widely used fragrance ingredient, was investigated in a 1-generation reproduction study in which 25 Crl: CD (Sprague-Dawley) rats/sex/group were gavaged with dosages of 0 (corn oil vehicle), 30, 100, or 300 mg/kg/d during premating, mating, gestation, and lactation. After weaning, 25 F1 generation pups/sex/dosage group were randomly selected for evaluation until sexual maturity. The following parameters were evaluated in P generation males and females: viability, clinical signs, body weights, feed consumption, mating and fertility, organ weights, gross and microscopic observations, sperm assessments (motility and concentration), natural delivery and litter observations, and ovarian follicle counts...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472024/mercury-poisoning-at-a-home-day-care-center-hillsborough-county-florida-2015
#10
Mackenzie Tewell, Samantha Spoto, Michael Wiese, Alfred Aleguas, Tamas Peredy
On November 12, 2015, the Florida Poison Information Center Tampa notified the Florida Department of Health in Hillsborough County of a boy aged 3 years with a urine mercury level of 79 μg/L (normal <10 μg/L). The patient had been admitted to the hospital on October 9, 2015 after a 3-4 week history of anorexia, weight loss, and lethargy. In the hospital, he developed a maculopapular rash, acrodynia (painful, pink discoloration of the hands and feet), tachycardia, hypertension, weakness, sweating, excessive salivation, and altered mental status...
May 5, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463017/unintentional-ingestion-of-cordyceps-fungus-infected-cicada-nymphs-causing-ibotenic-acid-poisoning-in-southern-vietnam
#11
Uyen Vy Doan, Bomar Mendez Rojas, Ralph Kirby
BACKGROUND: Cordyceps fungus found in infected cicada nymphs ("cicada flowers") is utilized in traditional Chinese medicine. Cordyceps fungus toxicity in humans has not been previously reported. We report 60 cases of apparent Cordyceps poisoning in Southern Vietnam. METHODS: We retrospectively collected demographic and clinical data from the medical records (21 cases) and by telephone interview (39 cases) of patients admitted to seven hospitals in Southern Vietnam following ingestion of cicada flowers between 2008 and 2015...
May 2, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403863/laparoscopic-resection-of-gastric-duplication-cysts-in-newborns-a-report-of-five-cases
#12
Hong-Xia Ren, Li-Qiong Duan, Xiao-Xia Wu, Bao-Hong Zhao, Yuan-Yuan Jin
BACKGROUND: Gastric duplication cysts are rare congenital alimentary tract anomalies and most cases are recognized during childhood. There were few reports about gastric duplication cysts in newborns and even fewer reports about laparoscopic resection of gastric duplication cysts in newborns. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a series of five newborns with gastric duplication cysts which were successfully resected by laparoscopy between January 2010 and April 2015. Case 1, a male newborn was admitted because of severe salivation, choking cough and dyspnea for 30 min after birth...
April 12, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382749/feline-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-review-of-the-experimental-literature
#13
REVIEW
S Kitz, J G Thalhammer, U Glantschnigg, M Wrzosek, A Klang, P Halasz, M N Shouse, A Pakozdy
Accumulating evidence suggests that epileptic seizures originating from the temporal lobe (TL) occur in cats. Typically, affected animals have clinically focal seizures with orofacial automatisms including salivation, facial twitching, lip smacking, chewing, licking, and swallowing. Motor arrest and autonomic and behavioral signs also may occur. Many affected cats have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes within the hippocampus or histopathologically confirmed hippocampal sclerosis or necrosis. From the 1950s to the 1980s, cats frequently were used as animal models for neurophysiological experiments and electrophysiological studies, from which important basic knowledge about epilepsy originated, but which has been rarely cited in clinical veterinary studies...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366955/signs-and-symptoms-of-mercury-exposed-gold-miners
#14
Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Ludovic Bernaudat, Uwe Siebert, Gabriele Roider, Dennis Nowak, Gustav Drasch
OBJECTIVES: Gold miners use mercury to extract gold from ore adding liquid mercury to the milled gold-containing ore. This results in a mercury-gold compound, called amalgam. Miners smelt this amalgam to obtain gold, vaporizing it and finally inhaling the toxic mercury fumes. The objective was to merge and analyze data from different projects, to identify typical signs and symptoms of chronic inorganic mercury exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Miners and community members from various artisanal small-scale gold mining areas had been examined (Philippines, Mongolia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Indonesia)...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344409/outbreak-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-peste-des-petits-ruminants-in-sheep-flock-imported-for-immediate-slaughter-in-riyadh
#15
M A Mahmoud, S A Galbat
AIM: To detect and identify the causative agent or agents of the following clinical symptoms which were fever, lack of appetite, salivation, vesiculation, erosions of the buccal mucosa, nose, and feet. The signs vary from mild to severe. The mortality rate of the disease is high. The morbidity rate reaches up to 100%. Sheep also show bloody diarrhea and rapid respiration. Sheep flock resident in El-Kharje Governorate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 serum samples and 50 buffy coat samples were collected from Marino sheep flock suffered from high mortalities, fever, lameness, diarrhea, stomatitis, and respiratory distress...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334303/characterization-of-direct-current-electrical-penetration-graph-waveforms-and-correlation-with-the-probing-behavior-of-matsumuratettix-hiroglyphicus-hemiptera-cicadellidae-the-insect-vector-of-sugarcane-white-leaf-phytoplasma
#16
J Roddee, Y Kobori, H Yorozuya, Y Hanboonsong
The leafhopper Matsumuratettix hiroglyphicus (Matsumura) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) is an important vector of phytoplasma causing white leaf disease in sugarcane. Thus, the aim of our study was to understand and describe the stylet-probing activities of this vector while feeding on sugarcane plants, by using direct current (DC) electrical penetration graph (EPG) monitoring. The EPG signals were classified into six distinct waveforms, according to amplitude, frequency, voltage level, and electrical origin of the observed traces during stylet penetration into the host plant tissues (probing)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278248/sclerenchymatous-ring-as-a-barrier-to-phloem-feeding-by-asian-citrus-psyllid-evidence-from-electrical-penetration-graph-and-visualization-of-stylet-pathways
#17
Justin George, El-Desouky Ammar, David G Hall, Stephen L Lapointe
Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri) feeding behaviors play a significant role in the transmission of the phloem-limited Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) bacterium that causes the economically devastating citrus greening disease. Sustained phloem ingestion by D. citri on CLas infected plants is required for pathogen acquisition and transmission. Recent studies have shown a fibrous ring of thick-walled sclerenchyma around the phloem in mature, fully expanded citrus leaves that is more prominent on the abaxial compared with the adaxial side...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259807/impact-of-ambient-odors-on-food-intake-saliva-production-and-appetite-ratings
#18
Cristina Proserpio, Cees de Graaf, Monica Laureati, Ella Pagliarini, Sanne Boesveldt
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ambient odor exposure on appetite, salivation and food intake. 32 normal-weight young women (age: 21.4±5.3year; BMI: 21.7±1.9kg/m(2)) attended five test sessions in a non-satiated state. Each participant was exposed to ambient odors (chocolate, beef, melon and cucumber), in a detectable but mild concentration, and to a control condition (no-odor exposure). During each condition, at different time points, participants rated appetite for 15 food products, and saliva was collected...
March 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251844/overview-of-pathophysiological-features-of-gerd
#19
Paolo Usai Satta, Francesco Oppia, Francesco Cabras
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very prevalent condition and has a high impact on the quality of life. Nevertheless, pathophysiology is complex and multi-factorial. Several mechanisms have been proposed: decreased salivation, decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure resting tone, presence of hiatal hernia, increased number of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations, increased acid, and pepsin secretion, duodeno-gastro-esophageal reflux of bile acids and trypsin. Other factors contributing to the pathophysiology of GERD include poor esophageal clearance, delayed gastric emptying and impaired mucosal defensive factors...
March 1, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242230/thermal-antinociception-following-oral-administration-of-tapentadol-in-conscious-cats
#20
Graeme M Doodnaught, Marina C Evangelista, Paulo V M Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the onset, magnitude and duration of thermal antinociception after oral administration of two doses of tapentadol in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, experimental study. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult cats weighing 4.4 ± 0.4 kg. METHODS: Skin temperature (ST) and thermal threshold (TT) were evaluated using a wireless TT device up to 12 hours after treatment. Treatments included placebo (PBO, 50 mg dextrose anhydrase orally), buprenorphine (BUP, 0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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