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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819694/thoracic-corpectomy-for-neoplastic-vertebral-bodies-using-a-navigated-lateral-extracavitary-approach-a-single-center-consecutive-case-series-technique-and-analysis
#1
Sebastian Hartmann, Christoph Wipplinger, Anja Tschugg, Pujan Kavakebi, Alexander Örley, Pierre Pascal Girod, Claudius Thomé
Thoracic myelopathy is often caused by vertebral body fractures resulting from neoplastic conditions, traumatic events, or infectious diseases. One of the preferred procedures for treating it is the lateral extracavitary approach (LECA) with single-level or multilevel decompressive corpectomy and reconstruction. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the thoracic lateral extracavitary approach with corpectomy using vertebral body replacement systems (VBR-S) and dorsal reconstruction. Twenty-four patients with metastatic or primary lesions of thoracic vertebrae T2-T12 underwent spinal decompression and ventral column reconstruction with correction of spinal deformity via a LECA...
August 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808622/radiation-exposure-and-reduction-in-the-operating-room-perspectives-and-future-directions-in-spine-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Kelly H Yom, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Brittany E Haws, Kern Singh
Intraoperative imaging is vital for accurate placement of instrumentation in spine surgery. However, the use of biplanar fluoroscopy and other intraoperative imaging modalities is associated with the risk of significant radiation exposure in the patient, surgeon, and surgical staff. Radiation exposure in the form of ionizing radiation can lead to cellular damage via the induction of DNA lesions and the production of reactive oxygen species. These effects often result in cell death or genomic instability, leading to various radiation-associated pathologies including an increased risk of malignancy...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807250/a-systematic-review-on-radiofrequency-assisted-laparoscopic-liver-resection-challenges-and-window-to-excel
#3
REVIEW
Isabella Reccia, Jayant Kumar, Tomokazu Kusano, Artur Zanellato, Ahmed Draz, Duncan Spalding, Nagy Habib, Madhava Pai
Laparoscopic liver resection has progressively gained acceptance as a safe and effective procedure in the treatment of benign and malignant liver neoplasms. However, blood loss remains the major challenge in liver surgery. Several techniques and devices have been introduced in liver surgery in order to minimize intraoperative haemorrhage during parenchymal transection. Radiofrequency (RF)-assisted liver resection has been shown to be an effective method to minimize bleeding in open and laparoscopic liver resection...
September 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799117/concurrent-hydrocelectomy-during-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-is-a-risk-factor-for-complications-and-reoperation-data-from-rural-haiti
#4
D P Kuwayama, J Augustin
PURPOSE: Series of conventional inguinal herniorrhaphy from low and middle income countries (LMICs) suggest elevated rates of morbidity, mortality, and recurrence, although the reasons remain incompletely understood. We sought to identify risk factors for adverse outcomes from inguinal herniorrhaphy performed in a resource-limited LMIC setting. METHODS: We performed mesh-free modified Bassini inguinal herniorrhaphies on 141 consecutive patients with 156 inguinal hernias over 10 months in rural Haiti...
August 10, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794388/long-term-outcomes-after-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-pericardiectomy-for-pericardial-effusion
#5
Yasushi Mizukami, Nobuhito Ueda, Hirofumi Adachi, Jun Arikura, Keishi Kondo
PURPOSE: Chronic or recurrent pericardial effusion is often associated with malignant disease. However, there have been few reports of the long-term outcomes after video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) pericardiectomy. We have performed it since 1992, and report our procedure and outcomes. METHODS: Patients who underwent VATS pericardiectomy were investigated. RESULTS: In all, 29 patients (12 men; median age: 61 (23-88) years) were evaluated; 8 had no malignancies and 21 did...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774506/single-stage-operation-for-perforated-choledochal-cyst
#6
Go Ohba, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Masato Nakayama, Shohei Honda, Akinobu Taketomi
BACKGROUND: The option of either single- or two-staged cyst excision has been proposed for perforated choledochal cysts (CCs), but which of the two methods is more effective remains controversial. We examined the complications and short-term outcomes of single-stage excision of perforated and non-perforated CCs. METHODS: The medical records of patients treated for CCs from 2003 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Outcomes were compared between patients with perforated CCs (Group A) and non-perforated CCs (Group B)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766696/serial-perioperative-cell-free-dna-levels-in-donors-and-recipients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#7
K Prakash, S Aggarwal, S Bhardwaj, G Ramakrishna, C K Pandey
BACKGROUND: Effect of anaesthesia and surgery on cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is not known. Given that surgical stress augments inflammation and injury, we hypothesized that levels of cfDNA will fluctuate during perioperative period. Therefore, in this study serial perioperative cfDNA concentration was measured in donors and recipients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: Baseline, post-induction, intraoperative and post-operative plasma cfDNA levels were evaluated in 21 donors and recipients each, by Sytox green method...
August 2, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766211/intraoperative-radiation-using-low-kilovoltage-x-rays-for-early-breast-cancer-a-single-site-trial
#8
Melvin J Silverstein, Melinda S Epstein, Kevin Lin, Peter Chen, Sadia Khan, Lincoln Snyder, Lisa E Guerra, Cristina De Leon, Ralph Mackintosh, Colleen Coleman, January Lopez, Brian Kim
INTRODUCTION: Two prospective, randomized trials, TARGIT-A and ELIOT, have shown intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) to be a safe alternative to whole breast radiation therapy following breast-conserving surgery for selected low-risk patients. However, minimal data are available about the clinical effectiveness of this modality of treatment using the Xoft(®) Axxent(®) Electronic Brachytherapy (eBx(®)) System(®). METHODS: A total of 201 patients with 204 early-stage breast cancers were enrolled in a prospective X-ray IORT trial from June 2010 to September 2013...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762919/-effectiveness-of-extended-myectomy-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-with-midventricular-obstruction
#9
A V Bogachev-Prokophiev, S I Zheleznev, M S Fomenko, R M Sharifulin, A V Afanasyev, O Yu Malakhova, A M Karaskov
PURPOSE: to assess effectiveness and safety of extended myectomy performed in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) with midventricular obstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2013 185 HOCM patients were operated for left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Among these patients 32 had midventricular obstruction. Their age was 22-74 (mean 51.9+/-14.2) years. Mean peak gradient across LVOT was 89.1+/-20.4 mm Hg, thickness of interventricular septum was 26...
May 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755968/surgical-and-medical-approach-to-patients-requiring-total-small-bowel-resection-managing-the-no-gut-syndrome
#10
Ruy J Cruz, Laurie Butera, Kristine Poloyac, Jenee McGurgan, William Stein, David Binion, Abhinav Humar
BACKGROUND: Total resection of the jejunum and ileum, a rarely performed procedure, is indicated after mesenteric vascular events, trauma, or resection of abdominal neoplasms. We describe our recent experience with the operative and medical management of patients with "no gut syndrome." METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 341 adult patients who were referred to our center between January 2013 and December 2016. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with a mean age of 42...
July 26, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755426/radical-hysterectomy-after-radiotherapy-for-recurrent-or-persistent-cervical-cancer
#11
Seiji Mabuchi, Katsumi Kozasa, Tadashi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of radical hysterectomy after radiotherapy (RH-AR) for recurrent or persistent cervical cancer. METHODS: The present retrospective study included patients who underwent RH-AR for recurrent or persistent cervical cancer at Osaka University Hospital, Japan, between May 1, 2010, and September 30, 2016. Patient characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative adverse events, and surgical outcomes were investigated to identify patients at increased risk of recurrence or severe surgical adverse events...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745701/-early-reconstruction-of-brachiocephalic-arteries-as-a-prevention-of-recurrent-ischemic-stroke
#12
A I Khripun, A V Salikov, A D Pryamikov, A B Mironkov, S A Asratyan, M V Abashin, V P Mikhailenko
AIM: To assess an efficacy and safety of brachiocephalic arteries reconstruction at the acute stage of stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Early reconstruction of brachiocephalic arteries was made in 7 patients (mean age 67±9 years). Mean terms of brachiocephalic arteries reconstruction after stroke were 4.6 days (range 2-7 days). Pre- and postoperative neurological state was assessed by NIHSS score (mean preoperative score was 3.9±2.7 in these 7 patients, range 0-7)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743150/-anesthesiology-and-outcome-impact-of-the-perioperative-process
#13
Jörg Zieger, Helene A Häberle
In recent years, the role of the anesthesiologist has turned tremendously from the "anaesthesia doctor" into a perioperative physician and risk specialist. Patients are older, multimorbid, and are called up for more and more extensive surgery and interventions. Socioeconomic aspects have grown in importance. The anesthesiologist, paving the way for a good outcome, is involved in nearly all perioperative processes: preoperative evaluation, definition and optimization of preoperative and intraoperative conditions, management of modern intraoperative anesthesia as well as postoperative medically indicated, effective and efficient treatment of partially highly complex patients...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742770/role-of-the-perioperative-surgical-home-in-optimizing-the-perioperative-use-of-opioids
#14
Thomas R Vetter, Zeev N Kain
Several federal agencies have recently noted that the United States is in the midst of an unprecedented "opioid epidemic," with an increasing number of opioid-related overdoses and deaths. Providers currently face 3 population-level, public health challenges in providing optimal perioperative pain care: (1) the continued lack of overall improvement in the excessive incidence of inadequately treated postoperative pain, (2) minimizing or preventing postoperative opioid-related side effects, and (3) addressing current opioid prescribing patterns, and the accompanying problematic surge in prescription opioid diversion, misuse, abuse, addiction, and overdose...
July 24, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741839/feasibility-of-spacers-to-facilitate-postoperative-radiotherapy-for-retroperitoneal-sarcomas
#15
Jessica Reid, Richard Smith, Martin Borg, Christopher Dobbins, Raghu Gowda, Steve Chryssidis, Matthew Borg, Susan Neuhaus
INTRODUCTION: The role and timing of postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in the management of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) remains controversial. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort review of patients undergoing curative resection for RPS at a single institution between January 2011 and July 2016. Patient selection was through the South Australian Soft Tissue Tumour Multidisciplinary Group (MDT) based at Royal Adelaide Hospital. An individualised approach, including assessment of resectability, histopathological grade and subtype, and radiotherapy considerations, was taken for each patient...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737074/intraoperative-tumor-perforation-is-associated-with-decreased-5-year-survival-in-colon-cancer-a-nationwide-database-study
#16
N S Bundgaard, V O Bendtsen, P Ingeholm, U H Seidelin, K H Jensen
BACKGROUND: It is a widely held belief that intraoperative tumor perforation in colon cancer impairs survival and causes local recurrence, although the prognostic importance remains unclear. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of unintended intraoperative tumor perforation on postoperative mortality and long-term survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This national cohort study was based on data from a prospectively maintained nationwide colorectal cancer database...
March 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735994/kidney-transplantation-using-gonadal-vein-for-venous-anastomosis-in-patients-with-iliac-vein-thrombosis-or-stenosis-a-series-of-cases
#17
J B G de Cerqueira, C M C de Oliveira, B G B Silva, L C O Santos, A G Fernandes, P F C B C Fernandes, E L Maia
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage renal disease. The standard surgery uses the recipient's iliac vessels for vascular anastomosis. Thrombosis and/or stenosis of the iliac vein, which are possible complications of multiple vascular access points for dialysis, can be detected intraoperatively, constituting a surgical challenge. An infrequently reported option is the use of the gonadal vein. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of venous anastomosis in the gonadal vein in patients with iliac vein thrombosis and/or stenosis submitted to kidney transplantation...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733710/a-matched-case-control-study-on-early-and-late-results-of-carotid-endarterectomy-performed-in-young-patients
#18
Walter Dorigo, Aaron Fargion, Elena Giacomelli, Giulia Bassoli, Raffaele Pulli, Giovanni Pratesi, Gabriele Piffaretti, Carlo Pratesi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the perioperative and long-term results of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients aged 60 or less and compare them to patients of more advanced age in a retrospective single-centre case-control study. METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2014, 5893 consecutive CEAs were performed in our institution. Data concerning these interventions were prospectively inserted in a dedicated database. A retrospective analysis of that database was performed and 457 interventions performed in patients aged 60 or less were found (group 1)...
July 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733043/perioperative-hypotension-and-discharge-outcomes-in-non-critically-injured-trauma-patients-a-single-centre-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Nadav Sheffy, Itay Bentov, Brianna Mills, Bala G Nair, G Alec Rooke, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on the effect of age on perioperative care and outcomes after minor trauma in the elderly. We examined the association between perioperative hypotension and discharge outcome among non-critically injured adult patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of non-critically ill patients (ISS <9 or discharged within less than 24h) who received anaesthesia care for surgery and Recovery Room care at a level-1 trauma centre between 5/1/2012 and 11/30/2013...
June 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732369/efficacy-and-safety-of-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-a-meta-analysis-of-published-randomized-studies
#20
Gengchun Liu, Zhongyi Dong, Baqun Huang, Yuelong Liu, Yan Tang, Qing Li, Yihui Zhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) technology has theoretical advantages in comparison with traditional adjuvant radiation therapy (whole-breast irradiation; WBI) after breast-conserving surgery. However, published randomized controlled trials have shown inconsistent outcomes. Therefore, a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and safety of APBI technology is needed. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies of 7452 patients were included in this analysis...
July 13, 2017: Oncotarget
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