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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643575/combined-rex-bypass-shunt-with-pericardial-devascularization-alleviated-prehepatic-portal-hypertension-caused-by-cavernomatous-transformation-of-portal-vein
#1
Ruo-Yi Wang, Jun-Feng Wang, Qian Liu, Nan Ma, Wei-Xiu Chen, Jin-Liang Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of combined Rex-bypass shunt and pericardial devascularization on prehepatic portal hypertension secondary to cavernomatous transformation of portal vein (CTPV). METHODS: Forty-two patients aged from 3 years to 49 years (divided into 3 groups), 26 cases male and 16 female, with prehepatic vascular hepertention were treated with Rex-bypass shunt combined with pericardial devascularization. In each patient, preoperative assessment included ultrasound and computed tomographic angiography of the portal vein and blood analysis...
June 23, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643065/laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy-for-pancreatic-cancer-is-safe-and-effective
#2
Marita D Bauman, David G Becerra, E Molly Kilbane, Nicholas J Zyromski, C Max Schmidt, Henry A Pitt, Attila Nakeeb, Michael G House, Eugene P Ceppa
PURPOSE: To compare the short-term and oncologic outcomes of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) undergoing laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) and open distal pancreatectomy (ODP). METHODS: Consecutive cases of distal pancreatectomy (DP) (n = 422) were reviewed at a single high-volume institution over a 10-year period (2005-2014). Inclusion criteria consisted of any patient with PDAC by surgical pathology. Ninety-day outcomes were monitored through a prospectively maintained pancreatic resection database...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631316/recannulation-of-the-axillary-artery-in-aortic-and-complex-cardiac-surgery
#3
Philippa Jane Temple Bowers, Manu Narain Mathur
OBJECTIVES: Axillary artery cannulation has been used as an alternative site for cardiopulmonary bypass during surgery for aortic dissections and aneurysmal disease of the ascending aorta and arch. This study reports our experience with reusing the axillary artery for cardiopulmonary bypass during complex aortic and cardiac surgical procedures. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a single surgeon's experience of recannulating the axillary artery for redo operations in complex aortic surgery...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629766/laparoscopic-assisted-approach-for-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-a-solution-for-multiple-bowel-injuries
#4
Oleh Yevhenovych Matsevych, Modise Zacharia Koto, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic laparoscopy (TL) for penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) is controversial because the management of multiple bowel injuries is challenging and the conversion rate is high. However, the laparoscopic-assisted approach (LAA) allows easy management of multiple bowel injuries but not investigated in a trauma setting. The aim of this study was to investigate its role in management of multiple bowel injuries and to compare LAA with therapeutic laparoscopy performed fully laparoscopically (FTL)...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623598/cost-effectiveness-of-two-decision-strategies-for-shunt-use-during-carotid-endarterectomy
#5
Joe L P Kolkert, Rolf H H Groenwold, Vanessa J Leijdekkers, Joep Ter Haar, Clark J Zeebregts, Anco Vahl
BACKGROUND: Arterial shunting during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is essential in some patients because of insufficient cerebral perfusion during cross-clamping. However, the optimal diagnostic modality identifying these patients is still debated. None of the currently used modalities has been proved superior to another. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of two modalities, stump pressure measurement (SPM) versus electroencephalography (EEG) combined with transcranial Doppler (TCD) during CEA...
June 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616611/technical-success-and-short-term-results-of-surgical-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-an-experience-of-three-centers
#6
Mark Igorevich Gluzman, Victor Anatolevich Kashchenko, Aleksei Mikhailovich Karachun, Rashida Vakhidovna Orlova, Iakov Aleksandrovich Nakatis, Iurii Vasilevich Pelipas, Evgenia Leonidovna Vasiukova, Ivan Vladimirovich Rykov, Veronika Vladimirovna Petrova, Svetlana Leonidovna Nepomniashchaia, Anton Sergeevich Klimov
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) comprise about 80% of gastrointestinal sarcomas. In patients with localized disease, surgery is considered as "Gold Standard" treatment. Organ-sparing radical en-block resection is widely accepted practice. Since lymph node dissection is not routinely indicated, minimally invasive approach is of particular interest. The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term outcomes of different surgical treatment of GISTs. METHODS: We analyzed data of 116 patients who received surgical treatment for localized forms of GIST...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616086/homeopathic-treatment-for-prolonged-postoperative-coma-a-case-report
#7
G Vithoulkas, V Văcăraș, J Kavouras, A D Buzoianu, M Mărginean, D Văcăraș, S Cozma
Coma is the state of unrousable unconsciousness. There are variations in the degree of coma and the findings and signs found on the patient's clinical examination depend on the underlying cause of the disorder. The Glasgow Coma scale evaluates the best motor, verbal and eye answers of the patient. A patient is considered to be in a coma if his Glasgow Coma Scale is below 8 points. The progress that we have made throughout the years has also led to complications that can culminate in a major catastrophe like death, permanent brain damage, coma...
April 2017: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613934/standard-fractionation-external-beam-radiotherapy-with-and-without-intraoperative-radiotherapy-for-locally-recurrent-rectal-cancer-the-role-of-local-therapy-in-patients-with-a-high-competing-risk-of-death-from-distant-disease
#8
Amar U Kishan, Justin C Voog, Jonathan Wiseman, Ryan R Cook, Marek Ancukiewicz, Percy Lee, David P Ryan, Jeffrey W Clark, David L Berger, James C Cusack, Jennifer Y Wo, Theodore S Hong
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of utilizing radiotherapy (RT) with standard fractionation, with or without intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT), to treat locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC). METHODS: Retrospective review of 25 patients with LRRC treated with standard fractionation RT from 2005-2011. Fifteen patients (60%) had prior pelvic RT and ten (40%) had synchronous metastases. The median equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions was 30 Gy and 49...
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610970/internal-maxillary-artery-bypass-with-radial-artery-graft-treatment-of-giant-intracranial-aneurysms
#9
Long Wang, Shuaibin Lu, Hai Qian, Xiang'en Shi
BACKGROUND: Giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs) can be approached via microsurgical and endovascular techniques. Utilization of flow diversion devices (FDDs) has yielded favorable outcomes, and indications for cerebral revascularization have dramatically decreased. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and validity of using internal maxillary artery (IMA) bypass with an interposed graft to treat GIAs. METHODS: During a 6-year period, high-flow IMA bypass procedures were performed in 32 patients with GIAs at our institute...
June 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610883/the-validation-of-a-no-drain-policy-after-thoracoscopic-major-lung-resection
#10
Junichi Murakami, Kazuhiro Ueda, Toshiki Tanaka, Taiga Kobayashi, Yoshie Kunihiro, Kimikazu Hamano
BACKGROUND: The omission of postoperative chest tube drainage may contribute to early recovery after thoracoscopic major lung resection; however, a validation study is necessary before the dissemination of a selective drain policy. METHODS: A total of 162 patients who underwent thoracoscopic anatomical lung resection for lung tumors were enrolled in this study. Alveolar air leaks were sealed with a combination of bioabsorbable mesh and fibrin glue. The chest tube was removed just after the removal of the tracheal tube in selected patients in whom complete pneumostasis was obtained...
June 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605441/aortopexy-offers-surgical-options-for-a-variety-of-pathological-tracheal-conditions-in-paediatric-patients
#11
Anna Gruszka, Joerg S Sachweh, Heike Schnoering, Klaus Tenbrock, Eberhard G Muehler, Michael Laschat, Jaime F Vazquez-Jimenez
OBJECTIVES: Aortopexy is widely used; however, many surgeons still regard it with suspicion. To date, there are only a few large series and minimal long-term data. Against this background, our goal was to report our experience, particularly with regard to the recent expansion of indications and modification of diagnostic routine and surgical strategy. METHODS: Between 1994 and 2012, 53 patients (mean age: 1.1 years; 5 weeks-10.2 years) were operated on. Tracheomalacia after the operation for oesophageal atresia was the main indication for aortopexy (74%), followed by tracheal compression by the innominate artery (17%) and other selected indications (9%)...
June 9, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602624/durability-of-a-low-profile-stent-graft-for-thoracic-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#12
Giovanni F Torsello, Mirjam Inchingolo, Martin Austermann, Giovanni B Torsello, Giuseppe Panuccio, Theodosios Bisdas
OBJECTIVE: The introduction of lower profile endografts expanded the application of aortic endovascular repair. However, evidence about their durability is still scarce. The objective of this study was to assess longer term durability of the Zenith Alpha Thoracic Stent Graft (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Ind) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of all patients treated for thoracic aortic aneurysms or penetrating aortic ulcers and having computed tomography angiography-based follow-up of ≥12 months were retrospectively analyzed...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602623/comparison-of-outcomes-for-short-neck-and-juxtarenal-aortic-aneurysms-treated-with-the-nellix-endograft-versus-conventional-endovascular-aneurysm-sealing
#13
Daniele Psacharopulo, Michelangelo Ferri, Emanuele Ferrero, Sandeep S Bahia, Andrea Viazzo, Alberto Pecchio, Fulvio Ricceri, Franco Nessi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of the off-label use of the Nellix endograft (Endologix, Irvine, Calif) for the treatment of short-neck aneurysms and juxtarenal aortic aneurysms (JAAs) compared with the outcomes of patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms treated in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions for use. METHODS: Data available from patients treated with the Nellix endograft from September 2013 to January 2016 were reviewed to create a case-control analysis (1:2)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601317/iatrogenic-injuries-of-the-extrahepatic-biliary-system
#14
Ghodratollah Maddah, Mohammad Taghi Rajabi Mashhadi, Mehdi Parvizi Mashhadi, Mehdi Jabbari Nooghabi, Masoumeh Hassanpour, Abbas Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic traumatic extrahepatic biliary tract injuries though rarely occur; they can lead to exceedingly morbid complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management strategies and outcomes of patients presented with iatrogenic bile duct injuries. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. Over 19 y, 124 patients were managed for iatrogenic biliary injuries at our institution. The data related to the etiology of biliary tract injury, symptoms of injury, laboratory and radiologic studies, injury-to-diagnosis time, type of biliary tract injury, injury management, hospitalization time, and postoperative complications were reviewed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597730/early-results-of-the-bolton-treovance-endograft-in-the-treatment-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#15
Efstratios Georgakarakos, George Pitoulias, Nikolaos Schoretsanitis, Christos Argyriou, Dimitrios M Mavros, Miltos K Lazarides, George S Georgiadis
PURPOSE: To present early results with the Treovance aortic stent-graft in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). METHODS: Between October 2013 and January 2016, 35 consecutive AAA patients (mean age 74±7.7 years; 32 men) were treated with Treovance. The maximum diameter of the treated AAA was 60±9 cm. Nine (25%) patients presented with concomitant iliac aneurysms. Seven (20%) AAAs had infrarenal neck angulation >60°. The infrarenal neck length and diameter were 21...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582551/beating-heart-mitral-valve-surgery-results-in-120-consecutive-patients-considered-unsuitable-for-conventional-mitral-valve-surgery%C3%A2
#16
Miralem Pasic, Simon Sündermann, Axel Unbehaun, Jörg Kempfert, Stephan Jacobs, Volkmar Falk
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to test whether a beating heart mitral valve operation was a valuable option in a heterogeneous group of patients considered very high risk for conventional mitral valve surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-centre, observational cohort study of 120 patients (mean age 63.7 ± 12.1 years, range 25.3-88.8 years; mean logistic EuroSCORE 26.1 ± 20.6%, range 1.5-84.3%) undergoing beating heart mitral valve operations using normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass without aortic cross-clamping and without cardioplegia between September 2002 and April 2014...
June 3, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579007/association-between-preoperative-characteristics-and-risk-of-anaesthesia-related-death-in-dogs-in-small-animal-referral-hospitals-in-japan
#17
Takaharu Itami, Hiroko Aida, Makoto Asakawa, Yoko Fujii, Tomoya Iizuka, Ayako Imai, Toshie Iseri, Tomohito Ishizuka, Kei Kakishima, Masatoshi Kamata, Takako Miyabe-Nishiwaki, Shotaro Nagahama, Kiyokazu Naganobu, Ryohei Nishimura, Shozo Okano, Tadashi Sano, Kazuto Yamashita, Yoshiki Yamaya, Masashi Yanagawa
OBJECTIVE: To explore the major risk factors linking preoperative characteristics and anaesthesia-related death in dogs in referral hospitals in Japan. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. ANIMALS: From April 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011, 4323 dogs anaesthetized in 18 referral hospitals in Japan. METHODS: Questionnaire forms were collated anonymously. Death occurring within 48 hours after extubation was considered as an anaesthesia-related death...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567195/abdominal-myomectomy-a-retrospective-review-of-determinants-and-outcomes-of-complications-at-the-university-of-ilorin-teaching-hospital-ilorin-nigeria
#18
Kikelomo T Adesina, Beatrice O Owolabi, Hadijat O Raji, Adebunmi O Olarinoye
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the pattern, outcomes, and determinants of perioperative complications of abdominal myomectomy at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of cases of abdominal myomectomy between January 2010 and December 2013. Data were obtained from ward and operating theatre case records and analysed using SPSS version 20. The continuous variables were analysed with Student's t-test...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566364/randomised-trial-of-mitral-valve-repair-with-leaflet-resection-versus-leaflet-preservation-on-functional-mitral-stenosis-the-camra-cardiolink-2-trial
#19
Vincent Chan, Michael W A Chu, Howard Leong-Poi, David A Latter, Judith Hall, Kevin E Thorpe, Benoit E de Varennes, Adrian Quan, Wendy Tsang, Natasha Dhingra, Kibar Yared, Hwee Teoh, F Victor Chu, Kwan-Leung Chan, Thierry G Mesana, Kim A Connelly, Marc Ruel, Peter Jüni, C David Mazer, Subodh Verma
BACKGROUND: The gold-standard treatment of severe mitral regurgitation (MR) due to degenerative disease is valve repair, which is surgically performed with either a leaflet resection or leaflet preservation approach. Recent data suggest that functional mitral stenosis (MS) may occur following valve repair using a leaflet resection strategy, which adversely affects patient prognosis. A randomised comparison of these two approaches to mitral repair on functional MS has not been conducted...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562171/modular-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-and-lymphadenectomy-a-novel-pattern-of-endoscopic-lung-cancer-resection
#20
Yixin Cai, Ying Han, Ni Zhang, Shengling Fu, Yu Deng, Xiangning Fu
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique, the use of uniportal VATS has become increasingly popular for the surgical resection of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The objective of this study is to introduce a novel modularly designed surgical pattern for uniportal VATS for lung cancer resection and to investigate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of this novel method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical data of NSCLC patients who underwent a curative uniportal VATS lobectomy between March 2015 and April 2016, including via the modular pattern (MP) and the conventional pattern (CP), were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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