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Intraoperative death

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914968/tracheobronchial-stents-in-palliative-care-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#1
Richard Tjahjono, Ronald Yoon-Kong Chin, Peter Flynn
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of tracheobronchial stenting in patients with malignant central airway obstruction and assist practitioners in palliative settings in understanding the indications, contraindications and management of tracheobronchial stents. METHODS: This retrospective study involved a consecutive case series of palliative patients with central airway obstruction secondary to inoperable cancers who underwent tracheobronchial stenting at a single institution...
June 18, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911345/evaluation-of-new-generation-loop-recorders-placed-during-surgical-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Zachary DeBoard, John R Doty
BACKGROUND: Current postsurgical atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation guidelines encourage serial rhythm evaluation; however, traditional Holter monitoring may be cumbersome for patients and yield limited data. An implantable loop recorder (LR) may provide increased data on the incidence of postablation arrhythmias. We sought to evaluate the use of a new generation LR implanted during surgical AF ablation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on adult patients undergoing surgical AF ablation...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906522/evaluation-of-venous-thromboembolic-complications-in-patients-operated-on-for-pelvic-fracture
#3
Candice Ostrowka, Stéphanie Bonhomme, Pomme Jouffroy, Guillaume Riouallon
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the pelvis (acetabulum and pelvic ring) are complex in both radiological diagnosis and therapeutic management. They show high risk of thrombosis, with variable rates of venous thromboembolic complications in the literature, ranging from 10% to 50%, with 0.5-10% risk of fatal pulmonary embolism. The objective of the present study was to determine the rate of venous thromboembolic events in a consecutive cohort of pelvic fracture and to attempt to identify thromboembolic risk factors in this population...
June 12, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889708/a-prospective-observational-study-of-anesthesia-related-adverse-events-and-postoperative-complications-occurring-during-a-surgical-mission-in-madagascar
#4
Michelle C White, Brian J Barki, Stephen A Lerma, Sarah Kate Couch, Dennis Alcorn, Richard G Gillerman
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of the world's population lack access to safe anesthesia and surgical care. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play an important role in bridging the gap, but surgical outcomes vary. After complex surgeries, up to 20-fold higher postoperative complication rates are reported and the reasons for poor outcomes are undefined. Little is known concerning the incidence of anesthesia complications. Mercy Ships uses fully trained staff, and infrastructure and equipment resources similar to that of high-income countries, allowing the influence of these factors to be disentangled from patient factors when evaluating anesthesia and surgical outcomes after NGO sponsored surgery...
June 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868971/perioperative-myocardial-injury-and-the-contribution-of-hypotension
#5
REVIEW
Daniel I Sessler, Ashish K Khanna
Mortality in the month following surgery is about 1000 times greater than anesthesia-related intraoperative mortality, and myocardial injury appears to be the leading cause. There is currently no known safe prophylaxis for postoperative myocardial injury, but there are strong associations among hypotension and myocardial injury, renal injury, and death. During surgery, the harm threshold is a mean arterial pressure of about 65 mmHg. In critical care units, the threshold appears to be considerably greater, perhaps 90 mmHg...
June 4, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868767/extended-myectomy-for-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-patients-with-midventricular-obstruction
#6
Yajie Tang, Yunhu Song, Fujian Duan, Long Deng, Jun Ran, Ge Gao, Sheng Liu, Yun Liu, Hao Wang, Shihua Zhao, Shengshou Hu
OBJECTIVES: Surgical strategies for patients with midventricular obstruction remain underappreciated. We sought to assess clinical and haemodynamic results, summarize the surgical technique of extended myectomy and provide reliable pre- and intraoperative methods of evaluating patients with midventricular obstruction. METHODS: The preoperative evaluation process, intraoperative surgical strategy and early outcomes were thoroughly reviewed in 40 patients with midventricular obstruction...
June 2, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866632/ultrasound-probe-use-and-reprocessing-results-from-a-national-survey-among-u-s-infection-preventionists
#7
Ruth M Carrico, Stephen Furmanek, Connor English
BACKGROUND: Improper infection prevention practice associated with ultrasound probe use has been linked to increased infection risk, outbreaks, and death. Although guidelines for reprocessing and use of probes exist, it is unclear how extensively these have been adopted in practice. METHODS: Infection preventionists from U.S. health care facilities were surveyed (N = 358). The anonymous survey had 31 multiple choice, sliding scale, and text response questions...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866238/amniotic-fluid-embolism
#8
Nadia Nawaz, Ahmed Raheem Buksh
Amniotic fluid embolism is a rare and severe problem in obstetric patients. We experienced a 21-year primigravida who underwent emergency cesarean section due to sudden collapse and fetal distress after rupture of membranes in labour. Subsequently, she developed intraoperative coagulopathy, hemorrhage, hypotension, and respiratory collapse requiring ventilation. Both maternal and neonatal lives were saved with full recovery and discharged in stable condition. The clinical diagnosis of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) was made, which is a very rare complication of pregnancy/puerperium with varying presentation, ranging from cardiac arrest, circulatory collapse and death through mild degrees of organ system dysfunction with or without coagulopathy...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863456/application-of-pediatric-donor-livers-after-circulatory-death-in-adult-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#9
Rui Zhang, Zhi-Jun Zhu, Li-Ying Sun
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of adult liver transplant procedures using grafts from pediatric donors after circulatory death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 19 pediatric-to-adult liver transplant procedures from July 2013 to May 2016 in our hospital. Nineteen adult liver transplant procedures were performed using livers from pediatric donors after circulatory death. RESULTS: We performed 18 orthotopic and 1 piggyback liver transplant procedure...
June 1, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851178/evaluation-of-anesthesia-in-endoscopic-strip-craniectomy-a-review-of-121-patients
#10
Sebastian Arts, Hans Delye, Erik J van Lindert, Laura Blok, Wilfred Borstlap, Jacques Driessen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate pre-, intra-, and postoperative anesthetic parameters in endoscopic strip craniectomy in order to improve anesthesiological care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective patient cohort study of our first 121 patients treated by endoscopic strip craniectomy. Preoperative as well as intra- and postoperative anesthesiological and neurological parameters were analyzed. Furthermore, the need for intensive care unit admission, blood loss, and blood transfusion rate were measured...
May 30, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798992/-compression-anastomoses-with-nikelid-titanium-rings-in-peritonitis
#11
M D Dibirov, A I Isaev, V S Fomin, M O Chupalov
AIM: To introduce into clinical practice compression anastomosis with nikelid-titanium rings (NTR) with shape memory in advanced peritonitis patients who need for intestinal resections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-six procedures of interintestinal anastomoses with NTR (Günter-Ziganshin implant) have been analyzed for the period 2011-2017. Interventions were carried out for widespread peritonitis. In all cases a unified technique of anastomosis was used by applying an implant in the form of a 'clerical clip'...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798906/phase-0-trial-of-azd1775-in-first-recurrence-glioblastoma-patients
#12
Nader Sanai, Jing Li, Julie Boerner, Karri Stark, Jianmei Wu, Seongho Kim, Alanna Derogatis, Shwetal Mehta, Harshil D Dhruv, Lance K Heilbrun, Michael E Berens, Patricia M LoRusso
Purpose: AZD1775 is a first-in-class Wee1 inhibitor with dual function as a DNA damage sensitizer and cytotoxic agent. A phase I study of AZD1775 for solid tumors suggested activity against brain tumors, but a preclinical study indicated minimal blood-brain barrier penetration in mice. To resolve this controversy, we examined the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of AZD1775 in patients with first-recurrence, glioblastoma. Experimental Design: Twenty adult patients received a single dose of AZD1775 prior to tumor resection and enrolled in either a dose-escalation arm or a time-escalation arm...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795086/-transpalpebral-craniotomy-in-skull-base-surgery
#13
R S Dzhindzhikhadze, O N Dreval', V A Lazarev, A V Polyakov, R L Kambiev
The concept of minimally invasive neurosurgery has significantly evolved in recent years, which is associated with improvements in diagnostics, microneurosurgical techniques, anesthesiology, and intraoperative imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present the preliminary results of using transpalpebral craniotomy in surgery of supratentorial aneurysms and anterior cranial fossa tumors. In the period between 2015 and 2107, we used this approach in surgical treatment of 30 aneurysms (10 aneurysms in the 'cold' period of hemorrhage and 20 unruptured aneurysms) and 10 anterior cranial fossa base tumors...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786598/-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-an-intraoperative-death-case-analysis-and-substantiation-of-the-standards-of-perioperative-anesthetic-management-in-a-non-cardiosurgery-clinic
#14
Roman N Fedosiuk, Liliia O Shchupachynska
The article is based on the case analysis of a sudden and unexpected intraoperative death of a 51-year-old female patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, who was undergoing a non-cardiac operation in a non-cardiosurgery clinic, from acute precipitation of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction provoked by surgery and anesthesia. It emphasizes the importance of raising non-cardiac anesthesiologists' awareness of the issue and having clear standards of pre-operative evaluation and perioperative management of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in order to avoid fatal medical errors...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785406/fluid-extravasation-in-shoulder-arthroscopic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Muzammil Memon, Jeffrey Kay, Arian Gholami, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
Background: Arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder joint has become increasingly more common given its advantages over open surgery; however, one rare but potentially life-threatening complication is fluid extravasation into the surrounding tissues, causing edema, respiratory compromise, abnormal results on laboratory blood tests, and possibly death. Currently, no systematic review exists that summarizes the existing clinical research on this topic. Purpose: To perform a systematic review on fluid extravasation as a complication of shoulder arthroscopic surgery, specifically assessing clinical presentation, risk factors, management, and outcomes...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784593/diagnosis-and-surgical-management-of-inferior-vena-cava-leiomyomatosis
#16
Chao Yang, Huimin Fang, Yunsong Yang, Fei Cai, Hong Zheng, Bi Jin, Yiqing Li, Zheng Liu, Mohamed A Zayed
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review our experience in the diagnosis and surgical management of patients diagnosed with inferior vena cava leiomyomatosis (IVL). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients diagnosed with IVL between 1999 and 2015. Patient demographics, diagnostic imaging, operative techniques, and perioperative outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: Over the study period, 16 patients with an IVL diagnosis were identified. In all patients, the diagnosis was made with ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784191/outcomes-of-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-for-clinical-t2-renal-tumors-a-multicenter-analysis-rosula-collaborative-group
#17
Riccardo Bertolo, Riccardo Autorino, Giuseppe Simone, Ithaar Derweesh, Juan D Garisto, Andrea Minervini, Daniel Eun, Sisto Perdona, James Porter, Koon Ho Rha, Alexander Mottrie, Wesley M White, Luigi Schips, Bo Yang, Kenneth Jacobsohn, Robert G Uzzo, Ben Challacombe, Matteo Ferro, Jay Sulek, Umberto Capitanio, Uzoma A Anele, Gabriele Tuderti, Manuela Costantini, Stephen Ryan, Ahmet Bindayi, Andrea Mari, Marco Carini, Aryeh Keehn, Giuseppe Quarto, Michael Liao, Kidon Chang, Alessandro Larcher, Geert De Naeyer, Ottavio De Cobelli, Francesco Berardinelli, Chao Zhang, Peter Langenstroer, Alexander Kutikov, David Chen, Nicolo De Luyk, Chandru P Sundaram, Francesco Montorsi, Robert J Stein, Georges Pascal Haber, Lance J Hampton, Prokar Dasgupta, Michele Gallucci, Jihad Kaouk, Francesco Porpiglia
BACKGROUND: While partial nephrectomy (PN) represents the standard surgical management for cT1 renal masses, its role for cT2 tumors is controversial. Robot-assisted PN (RAPN) is being increasingly implemented worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To analyze perioperative, functional, and oncological outcomes of RAPN for cT2 tumors. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of a large multicenter, multinational dataset of patients with nonmetastatic cT2 masses treated with robotic surgery (ROSULA: RObotic SUrgery for LArge renal mass)...
May 18, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784004/positive-impact-of-retrograde-autologous-priming-in-adult-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Britt Hofmann, Claudia Kaufmann, Markus Stiller, Thomas Neitzel, Andreas Wienke, Rolf-Edgar Silber, Hendrik Treede
BACKGROUND: Adult cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation is known to be associated with increased risk of blood transfusion leading to adverse outcomes. Procedures like retrograde autologous priming (RAP) may reduce these negative side effects. This randomized prospective study was initiated to assess whether RAP using specifically designed RAP bag (Terumo) has immediate effects on patient outcome. METHODS: One hundred eighteen adults undergoing elective CABG or elective aortic valve replacement were randomly assigned by a computer program into two groups: the RAP group (n = 54) in which the retrograde autologous priming was applied and the non-RAP (n = 64) group in which the same setting was used without the possibility to save priming volume...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779313/-curative-effect-analysis-of-bile-reinfusion-combined-with-enteral-nutrition-support-before-surgery-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#19
P Song, L Mao, X J Bian, T Zhou, Y Y Fan, J Zhang, M Xie, Y D Qiu
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of bile reinfusion combined with enteral nutrition support before surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgical treatment at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery Department from July 2010 to August 2017 was completed.A total of 52 cases were finally enrolled in our study.All the patients included, on the basis of whether they received preoperative drainage and bile reinfusion, were divided into non-drainage group( n =15) and drainage group( n =37)...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778818/the-fate-of-the-tricuspid-valve-following-the-transatrial-closure-of-the-ventricular-septal-defect
#20
Raffaele Giordano, Massimiliano Cantinotti, Luigi Di Tommaso, Giuseppe Comentale, Andrea Tozzi, Emanuele Pilato, Gabriele Iannelli, Gaetano Palma
BACKGROUND: The transatrial repair of the ventricular septal defect (VSD) requires an adequate exposure of its rim. We retrospectively evaluated the impact of adopting the tricuspid valve incision (TVI) technique, either with detachment or radial incision, on the postoperative outcome of children undergoing surgical VSD repair. METHODS: From January 2008 to September 2017 we retrospectively enrolled 141 patients, divided into two groups: 97 patients were subjected to TVI (68...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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