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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244609/outcomes-in-dogs-with-uroabdomen-43-cases-2006-2015
#1
Janet A Grimes, Jon M Fletcher, Chad W Schmiedt
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of and factors associated with survival to hospital discharge in dogs with uroabdomen. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 43 dogs with uroabdomen confirmed at 2 veterinary teaching hospitals from 2006 through 2015. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and data extracted regarding cause and location of urinary tract rupture, serum creatinine concentration and other variables at hospital admission, and outcomes. Variables were tested for associations with survival to hospital discharge...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242067/severe-contralateral-carotid-stenosis-or-occlusion-does-not-have-an-impact-on-risk-of-ipsilateral-stroke-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#2
Priya B Patel, Glenn M LaMuraglia, Robert T Lancaster, William D Clouse, Christopher J Kwolek, Mark F Conrad, Richard P Cambria, Virendra I Patel
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the impact of severe (>70%) contralateral carotid stenosis or occlusion (SCSO) on outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: Clinical data for all patients undergoing CEA at a single center were prospectively gathered and retrospectively reviewed, with the sample population stratified according to the presence of SCSO. Perioperative outcomes of CEA in the presence of SCSO were analyzed using univariate and multivariate methods...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238644/impact-of-preoperative-anemia-on-outcomes-in-adults-undergoing-elective-posterior-cervical-fusion
#3
Kevin Phan, Alexander E Dunn, Jun S Kim, John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Parth Kothari, Nathan J Lee, Joshua Xu, James E Dowdell, Samuel K Cho
Study Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Objectives: Few studies have investigated the role of preoperative anemia on postoperative outcomes of posterior cervical fusion. This study looked to investigate the potential relationship between preoperative anemia and postoperative outcomes following posterior cervical spine fusion. Methods: Data from patients undergoing elective posterior cervical fusions between 2005 and 2012 was collected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database using inclusion/exclusion criteria...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235388/early-outcomes-of-the-t-branch-off-the-shelf-multibranched-stent-graft-in-urgent-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#4
Konstantinos Spanos, Tilo Kölbel, Myrto Theodorakopoulou, Franziska Heidemann, Fiona Rohlffs, Eike Sebastian Debus, Nikolaos Tsilimparis
PURPOSE: To assess the short-term outcomes of the multibranched off-the-shelf t-Branch stent-graft for urgent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair and to evaluate the impact on outcomes of the learning curve and adherence to the instruction for use (IFU). METHODS: Between 2014 and 2017, 42 patients (mean age 73.3±7 years; 26 men) underwent urgent TAAA treatment using the t-Branch stent-graft [18 in the early (2014-2015) period and 24 in the late (2016-2017) period]...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229347/post-operative-stridor-and-acute-respiratory-failure-after-parkinson-s-disease-deep-brain-stimulator-placement-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#5
Mi Wang, Wael Saasouh, Thomas Botsford, Allen Keebler, Andrew Zura, Michael S Benninger, Rafi Avitsian
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain is commonly thought of as a motion disorder, but it can have significant effect on the respiratory system. Respiratory failure is the most common cause of death in these patients, but it can also affect laryngeal function causing dysphonia, dysphagia, and dysarthric speech.. Acute upper airway obstruction is a very rare finding in PD, especially in the perioperative settings...
December 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229303/pretransplant-coronary-artery-disease-is-a-predictor-for-myocardial-infarction-and-cardiac-death-after-liver-transplantation
#6
F Darstein, M Hoppe-Lotichius, J Vollmar, V Weyer-Elberich, A Zimmermann, J Mittler, G Otto, H Lang, P R Galle, T Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a serious problem of liver transplant (LT) recipients because of increased cardiovascular risk due to immunosuppressive therapy, higher age, intraoperative risk and comorbidities (such as diabetes and nicotine abuse). Reported frequency of cardiovascular events after LT shows a high variability between different LT cohorts. Our aim was to analyze a cohort of LT recipients from a single center in Germany to evaluate frequency of the cardiovascular endpoints (CVE) myocardial infarction and/or cardiac death after LT and to investigate correlations of CVE post LT with pretransplant patient characteristics...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224990/the-shift-to-same-day-outpatient-joint-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey D Hoffmann, Nicholas A Kusnezov, John C Dunn, Nicholas J Zarkadis, Gens P Goodman, Richard A Berger
BACKGROUND: Hip and knee arthroplasties length of stay continues to shorten after advances in perioperative and intraoperative management, as well as financial incentives. Some authors have demonstrated good results with outpatient arthroplasty, but safety and general feasibility of such procedures remain unclear. Our hypothesis is that outpatient arthroplasty would demonstrate higher readmission and complication rates than inpatient arthroplasty. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of all publications on outpatient arthroplasty between January 1, 2000 and June 1, 2016...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224266/-application-of-liver-three-dimensional-visualization-technologies-in-the-treatment-planning-of-hepatic-malignant-tumor
#8
P P Li, Z H Wang, G Huang, Z P Huang, Y Li, J S Ni, H Liu, C H Fang, W P Zhou
Objective: To discuss the application of three dimentional(3D)visualization technologies in treatment plan of hepatic malignant tumor. Methods: The clinical data of 300 patients with liver malignant tumor who received treatment from January 2016 to January 2017 in the Third Department of Hepatic Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital was retrospectively analyzed in this study, including 221 male and 79 female patients aged from 7 to 76 years with median age of 54 years. The median height was 168 cm (115-183 cm), the median weight was 65 kg (20-105 kg) and the median tumor volume was 142 ml (23-2 493 ml)...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207816/non-catheter-related-perioperative-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-following-surgical-vsd-closure-role-of-transesophageal-echocardiography
#9
Tanveer Singh Kundra, Divya Gopal, Manasa Dhananjaya
Unintentional iatrogenic surgical complications can complicate the operative and postoperative courses of paediatric cardiac surgery patients. Unless recognized and treated early, it's possible, these complications may lead to a prolonged hospital stay, increased treatment cost, morbidity, and even death. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart defect in children, occurring in 50% of all children with congenital heart disease and in 20% as an isolated lesion. Herein, we discuss the development of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome following surgical repair of VSD in a nine-month-old child...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205744/rabbits-with-naturally-occurring-cataracts-referred-for-phacoemulsification-and-intraocular-lens-implantation-a-preliminary-study-of-12-cases
#10
Rick F Sanchez, Richard Everson, Joanna Hedley, Charlotte Dawson, Richard Lam, Simon L Priestnall, Alejandra Garcia de Carellan, Cristina de Miguel, Christopher Seymour
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation of 15 rabbits with naturally occurring cataracts referred for phacoemulsification surgery, the procedure in 13 cases and the follow-up in 12. ANIMALS INCLUDED: Fifteen rabbits (30 eyes), nine of which stopped following visual cues in association with cataract progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rabbits underwent preoperative ophthalmic and ocular ultrasound examination. RESULTS: Thirteen rabbits (22 eyes) had mature cataracts...
December 4, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205503/gallbladder-mucocele-variables-associated-with-outcome-and-the-utility-of-ultrasonography-to-identify-gallbladder-rupture-in-219-dogs-2007-2016
#11
J A Jaffey, A Graham, E VanEerde, E Hostnik, W Alvarez, J Arango, C Jacobs, A E DeClue
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder mucocele (GBM) is an increasingly recognized extrahepatic biliary disease in dogs. OBJECTIVES: To investigate cases of GBM and identify variables associated with survival and the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography to identify gallbladder rupture. ANIMALS: Two hundred and nineteen client-owned dogs with GBM. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective study of dogs with GBM, presented from January 2007 to November 2016 to 6 academic veterinary hospitals in the United States...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198634/intraoperative-administration-of-4-factor-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-reduces-blood-requirements-in-cardiac-transplantation
#12
Gina H Sun, Visal Patel, Ingrid Moreno-Duarte, Farhad Zahedi, Eric Ursprung, Greg Couper, Fred Y Chen, Ian J Welsby, Raymond Comenzo, Grace Kao, Frederick C Cobey
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the efficacy of intraoperative 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4F-PCC) use in blood product utilization, time to chest closure, intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital length of stay (LOS), thromboembolic complications, renal injury and mortality in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) patients on home anticoagulation therapy with warfarin, undergoing orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of OHT patients at Tufts Medical Center from May 2013 to October 2016...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195573/complications-after-self-expanding-transcatheter-or-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
John V Conte, James Hermiller, Jon R Resar, G Michael Deeb, Thomas G Gleason, David H Adams, Jeffrey J Popma, Steven J Yakubov, Daniel Watson, Jia Guo, George L Zorn, Michael J Reardon
Procedural complications following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) are usually reported as retrospective analyses. We report the first comparison of complications following SAVR or self-expanding TAVR from a prospectively randomized study of high-risk SAVR patients. Three hundred ninety-five TAVR and 402 SAVR patients were prospectively enrolled and randomized 1:1 to TAVR with a CoreValve bioprosthesis or a surgical bioprosthetic valve. The rates of major procedural and vascular complications occurring (periprocedurally (0-3 days) and early (4-30 days)) were compared for TAVR vs SAVR patients...
2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194665/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-human-fibrinogen-concentrate-in-patients-with-congenital-fibrinogen-deficiency-an-interim-analysis-of-a-phase-iii-trial
#14
Toshko Lissitchkov, Bella Madan, Claudia Djambas Khayat, Nadezhda Zozulya, Cecil Ross, Mehran Karimi, Kaan Kavakli, Guillermo R De Angulo, Abdulkareem Almomen, Bruce A Schwartz, Cristina Solomon, Sigurd Knaub, Flora Peyvandi
BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen concentrate is the preferred choice for fibrinogen replacement in congenital fibrinogen deficiency. This study investigated hemostatic efficacy of a new plasma-derived, double virus-inactivated (using two dedicated virus inactivation/elimination steps) human fibrinogen concentrate for on-demand treatment of bleeding episodes (BEs) and surgical prophylaxis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this planned interim analysis of a prospective, multinational Phase III study (NCT02267226), 13 patients with afibrinogenemia (≥12 years) received fibrinogen concentrate (FIBRYGA, Octapharma AG)...
November 30, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189290/period-dependent-associations-between-hypotension-during-and-for-4-days-after-noncardiac-surgery-and-a-composite-of-myocardial-infarction-and-death-a-substudy-of-the-poise-2-trial
#15
Daniel I Sessler, Christian S Meyhoff, Nicole M Zimmerman, Guangmei Mao, Kate Leslie, Skarlet M Vásquez, Packianathaswamy Balaji, Jesús Alvarez-Garcia, Alexandre B Cavalcanti, Joel L Parlow, Prashant V Rahate, Manfred D Seeberger, Bruno Gossetti, S A Walker, Rajendra K Premchand, Rikke M Dahl, Emmanuelle Duceppe, Reitze Rodseth, Fernando Botto, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: The relative contributions of intraoperative and postoperative hypotension to perioperative morbidity remain unclear. We determined the association between hypotension and a composite of 30-day myocardial infarction and death over three periods: 1) intraoperative; 2) remaining day of surgery; and 3) during the initial four postoperative days. METHODS: This was a substudy of POISE-2, a 10,010-patient factorial-randomized trial of aspirin and clonidine for prevention of myocardial infarction...
November 21, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185228/deceased-donor-liver-transplant-experience-from-a-public-sector-hospital-in-india
#16
Viniyendra Pamecha, Deeplaxmi Purushottam Borle, Senthil Kumar, Kishore Gurumoorthy Subramanya Bharathy, Piyush Kumar Sinha, Shridhar Vasantrao Sasturkar, Vibuti Sharma, Chandra Kant Pandey, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND: Deceased donor liver transplant (DDLT) is an uncommon procedure in India. We present our experience of DDLT from a public sector teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all DDLT was performed from April 2012 till September 2016. Demographics, intraoperative, donor factors, morbidity, and outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period, 305 liver transplants were performed, of which 36 were DDLT (adult 32, pediatric 4; 35 grafts; 1 split)...
November 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184910/adapting-the-surgical-apgar-score-for-perioperative-outcome-prediction-in-liver-transplantation-a-retrospective-study
#17
Amy C S Pearson, Arun Subramanian, Darrell R Schroeder, James Y Findlay
Background: The surgical Apgar score (SAS) is a 10-point scale using the lowest heart rate, lowest mean arterial pressure, and estimated blood loss (EBL) during surgery to predict postoperative outcomes. The SAS has not yet been validated in liver transplantation patients, because typical blood loss usually exceeds the highest EBL category. Our primary aim was to develop a modified SAS for liver transplant (SAS-LT) by replacing the EBL parameter with volume of red cells transfused. We hypothesized that the SAS-LT would predict death or severe complication within 30 days of transplant with similar accuracy to current scoring systems...
November 2017: Transplantation Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175037/results-from-a-multicenter-registry-of-heparin-bonded-expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-graft-for-above-the-knee-femoropopliteal-bypass
#18
Gabriele Piffaretti, Walter Dorigo, Patrizio Castelli, Carlo Pratesi, Raffaele Pulli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to retrospectively analyze early and follow-up results of above-the-knee femoropopliteal bypasses (AKb) performed with a bioactive heparin-bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (HB-ePTFE) graft in patients with peripheral arterial obstructive disease in a multicentric retrospective registry involving seven Italian vascular centers. METHODS: During a 14-year period ending in March 2016, an HB-ePTFE graft was used in 1401 interventions performed for peripheral arterial obstructive disease...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173259/optimizing-associated-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-outcomes-surgical-experience-or-appropriate-patient-selection
#19
Ibrahim Al Hasan, Mauro Enrique Tun-Abraham, Kerollos N Wanis, Carlos Garcia-Ochoa, Mark A Levstik, Bandar Al-Judaibi, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro
BACKGROUND: Early reports of associated liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) outcomes have been suboptimal. The literature has confirmed that learning curves influence surgical outcomes. We have 54 months of continuous experience performing ALPPS with strict selection criteria. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the learning curve on ALPPS outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively compared patients who underwent ALPPS between April 2012 and March 2016...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171801/intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-craniosynostosis-minimally-invasive-versus-open-surgical-procedures
#20
Sebastian Arts, Hans Delye, Erik J van Lindert
OBJECTIVE To compare minimally invasive endoscopic and open surgical procedures, to improve informed consent of parents, and to establish a baseline for further targeted improvement of surgical care, this study evaluated the complication rate and blood transfusion rate of craniosynostosis surgery in our department. METHODS A prospective complication registration database that contains a consecutive cohort of all pediatric neurosurgical procedures in the authors' neurosurgical department was used. All pediatric patients who underwent neurosurgical treatment for craniosynostosis between February 2004 and December 2014 were included...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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