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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528844/prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhea-and-associated-factors-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-brazil-a-multicenter-study
#1
Angelica E Miranda, Mariangela F Silveira, Ana Gabriela Travassos, Teresinha Tenório, Isabel Cristina Chulvis do Val, Leonor de Lannoy Tavares, Hortensio Simões de Mattos Junior, Newton Sergio de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) cause infections in the female genital tract, increasing susceptibility to and infectiousness of HIV. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of CT and GC infection among HIV-infected women in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted from March to December 2015, including HIV-infected women attending referral centers in nine states of Brazil, aged 18-49 years, nonpregnant...
May 18, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505240/incidence-of-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-following-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-modeling-study
#2
Samuel M Jenness, Kevin M Weiss, Steven M Goodreau, Thomas Gift, Harrell Chesson, Karen W Hoover, Dawn K Smith, Albert Y Liu, Patrick S Sullivan, Eli S Rosenberg
Background: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective for preventing HIV, but risk compensation (RC) in men who have sex with men (MSM) raises concerns about increased sexually transmitted infections (STIs). CDC's PrEP guidelines recommend biannual STI screening, which may reduce incidence by treating STIs that would otherwise remain undiagnosed. We investigated the impact of these two potentially counteracting phenomena. Methods: With a stochastic network-based mathematical model of HIV and rectal/urogenital Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) transmission dynamics among MSM in the United States, we simulated PrEP uptake following the prescription indications and HIV/STI screening recommendations in the CDC guidelines...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500861/overview-of-high-risk-medical-device-recalls-in%C3%A2-obstetrics%C3%A2-and-gynecology-from-2002-through-2016-%C3%A2-implications-for-device-safety
#3
Timothy M Janetos, Comeron W Ghobadi, Shuai Xu, Jessica R Walter
The field of women's health has endured numerous recent controversies involving medical devices such as pelvic meshes, laparoscopic morcellators, and a hysteroscopic sterilization device. With the recent passage of the 21st Century Cures Act, new legislation will change how the Food and Drug Administration regulates medical devices. Given these controversies and new changes, we investigated high-risk, class I recalls in women's health from 2002 through 2016. Class I recalls for medical devices are defined by the Food and Drug Administration as the most serious recall events and are designated for situations when there is a reasonable probability of serious adverse health consequences or death...
April 29, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499291/a-survey-of-25-north-carolina-health-departments-districts-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-current-practices-to-seeking-reimbursement-from-third-party-payers-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-services
#4
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Carter
BACKGROUND: North Carolina Administrative Code 10A Chapter 41A.0204 (a) states "local health departments shall provide diagnosis, testing, treatment, follow-up, and preventive services for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, … These services shall be provided upon request and at no charge to the patient." Although health departments/districts may bill governmental or nongovernmental insurance providers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, current billing practices are unknown...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499287/impact-of-eligibility-criteria-on-participant-enrollment-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-gonorrhea-treatment
#5
Jill E Long, Michael R Wierzbicki, Edward W Hook
BACKGROUND: High rates of failure to qualify for clinical trial participation increase time and cost required for study completion. Identification of remediable reasons for prescreen failure can help reduce prescreen failure rates and improve study cost effectiveness. METHODS: Reasons for prescreen failure to qualify for participation in a phase 2 randomized clinical trial of treatment of uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea were collected from prescreening logs. Reasons were categorized based on whether the reason was that the subject failed to meet eligibility criteria or declined participation...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499285/keeping-an-eye-on-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-conjunctivitis-in-infants-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#6
Kristen Kreisel, Emily Weston, Jim Braxton, Eloisa Llata, Elizabeth Torrone
Perinatal transmission of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) can result in conjunctivitis in infants. We examined national rates of reported CT/GC conjunctivitis among infants. Surveillance of these infections is heavily affected by the completeness of reported data on specimen source and age. Alternative data sources should be evaluated.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499282/can-social-network-analysis-help-address-the-high-rates-of-bacterial-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-saskatchewan
#7
Molly A Trecker, Jo-Anne R Dillon, Kathy Lloyd, Maurice Hennink, Ann Jolly, Cheryl Waldner
BACKGROUND: Saskatchewan has one of the highest rates of gonorrhea among the Canadian provinces-more than double the national rate. In light of these high rates, and the growing threat of untreatable infections, improved understanding of gonorrhea transmission dynamics in the province and evaluation of the current system and tools for disease control are important. METHODS: We extracted data from a cross-sectional sample of laboratory-confirmed gonorrhea cases between 2003 and 2012 from the notifiable disease files of the Regina Qu'Appelle Health Region...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490220/solithromycin-cem-101-a-new-fluoroketolide-antibiotic-and-its-role-in-the-treatment-of-gonorrhea
#8
Alexandra M Mancuso, Mona A Gandhi, Judianne Slish
Solithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that has undergone review for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia. Solithromycin is also being investigated and has shown promise for the treatment of gonorrhea. With increasing antibiotic resistance, the development of novel antibiotics to combat infections is essential. The unique ribosome-binding stability of solithromycin and mild side effect profile make this a promising new antibiotic. This article will provide an overview on the mechanism of action, clinical efficacy, and safety of this drug for the treatment of gonorrhea...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462398/the-frequency-of-gonorrheal-and-chlamydial-infections-in-zanjanian-women-in-2013-2014
#9
Behnaz Molaei, Farnaz Mohmmadian, Maryam Eftekhar, Robabeh Hatami, Atefe Tirkan, Mahsa Kiani
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted diseases in women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of gonorrheal and chlamydial infections and determination of related risk factors in married women with vaginal discharge attending gynecological outpatient department (OPD) in Zanjan in 2013-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross sectional study, 100 married women aged 18-49 years with vaginal discharge were evaluated for signs and symptoms of gonococcal and chlamydial infections...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460033/gonococcal-lipooligosaccharide-sialylation-virulence-factor-and-target-for-novel-immunotherapeutics
#10
Sanjay Ram, Jutamas Shaughnessy, Rosane B de Oliveira, Lisa A Lewis, Sunita Gulati, Peter A Rice
Gonorrhea has become resistant to most conventional antimicrobials used in clinical practice. The global spread of multidrug-resistant isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae could lead to an era of untreatable gonorrhea. New therapeutic modalities with novel mechanisms of action that do not lend themselves to the development of resistance are urgently needed. Gonococcal lipooligosaccharide (LOS) sialylation is critical for complement resistance and for establishing infection in humans and in experimental mouse models...
April 27, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459382/values-that-fathers-communicate-to-sons-about-sex-sexuality-relationships-and-marriage
#11
Tanya M Coakley, Schenita D Randolph, Jeffrey Shears, Patrick Collins
African American males between ages 13 and 24 are disproportionately affected by unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS; indeed, they account for 50% of HIV infections among all youth. Clear communication between parents and their youth about sex is associated with higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse, which can prevent STIs and unintended pregnancy. However, barriers exist for parents to educate their youth about sexual health...
May 1, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446378/ceftriaxone-susceptibility-and-molecular-characteristics-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-in-changsha-china
#12
Ting Peng, Hui Lin, Qinglin Liu, Wei Cao, Hui Ding, Jianlin Chen, Lingli Tang
A total of 128 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates were consecutively obtained in Changsha, China, between April 2015 and June 2016. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ceftriaxone were measured by agar dilution method for each isolate. Ceftriaxone resistance determinants involving penA, mtrR, porB and ponA were amplified by PCR, and the PCR products were sequenced. N. gonorrhoeae multi-antigen sequence typing (NG-MAST) was conducted for genotyping. The results exhibited 11% (14/128) of isolates were reduced susceptibility or resistant to ceftriaxone...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442802/study-of-prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-condom-use-among-male-to-female-transgender-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-chennai
#13
Subhash Dasarathan, S Kalaivani
CONTEXT: A "Transgender" person is one who dresses as, desires to be, has undergone surgery to become or identifies with opposite sex. They have a higher risk of sexually transmitted infection (STI) due to a combination of biological and social reasons. They have risky sexual behaviors but low-risk perception. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of STI/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in transgender (TG) and association with condom use. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective study of 82 male-to-female TGs attending our sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic from 2011 to 2014 was undertaken...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435489/gender-differences-in-cdc-guideline-compliance-for-stis-in-emergency-departments
#14
Bryan G Kane, Alexander W D Guillaume, Elizabeth M Evans, Terrence E Goyke, Jessica K Eygnor, Lauren Semler, Stephen W Dusza, Marna Rayl Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a common reason for emergency department (ED) visits. The objective of this study was to determine if there were gender differences in adherence to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) STI diagnosis and treatment guidelines, as documented by emergency providers. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review to identify patients treated for urethritis, cervicitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the EDs of three hospitals in a Pennsylvania network during a calendar year...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428838/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#15
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425904/-testing-is-healthy-timeplay-campaign-evaluation-of-sexual-health-promotion-gamification-intervention-targeting-young-adults
#16
Qinya Zhang, Kim J Huhn, Andy Tan, Rachel E Douglas, Helen Guiyun Li, Michelle Murti, Victoria Lee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to 1) describe the implementation of the "Testing is Healthy" campaign in four locations in British Columbia (BC) and 2) report process evaluation indicators for the campaign. PARTICIPANTS: Young adults ages 20-29 years, the age group with the highest reported rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea in BC. SETTINGS: Movie theatres located in Langley, Burnaby, Coquitlam and Surrey, which are communities served by the Fraser Health Authority (FHA) in BC...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425774/profile-of-the-triplex-assay-for-detection-of-chlamydia-gonorrhea-and-trichomonas-using-the-bd-max%C3%A2-system
#17
Barbara Van Der Pol
Chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomonas are the most common curable STI. improved access to testing could reduce infection rates and prevent sequelae. nucleic acid amplification tests are the recommend class of diagnostic assay for these infections which are often asymptomatic. Areas covered: A description of the BD MAX™ System (MAX) and the BD MAX CT/GC/TV assay is provided along with data from a large US clinical trial. The capacity of the system for other tests and for lab developed assays is also described...
April 27, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414664/gonococcal-endocarditis-the-gift-that-stops-giving-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-common-disease
#18
G Olayemi, M Oferczak, A Elagizi, I El-Abbassi, M Eschete, J Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Gonorrhea is the 2nd most common sexually transmitted disease in the US with 800,000 cases of gonorrhea each year. Disseminated gonorrhea infection occurs in 0.5 percent - 3 percent of these patients and is more frequent in woman younger than 40 years of age. CASE: A 36 year old woman with a history of polysubstance abuse presented with 10 day history of feeling generally unwell. At presentation, vitals were remarkable for tachycardia and hypotension...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407651/microscopy-and-culture-for-the-diagnosis-of-gonorrhea-methodological-issues-on-validity-and-reliability
#19
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407644/mobile-phone-and-internet-use-mostly-for-sex-seeking-and-associations-with-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sample-characteristics-among-black-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-3-us-cities
#20
Jacob E Allen, Gordon Mansergh, Matthew J Mimiaga, Jeremy Holman, Jeffrey H Herbst
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a relatively high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examines the association of self-reported STIs and use of mobile phones and/or computer-based Internet to meet sexual partners among black and Hispanic/Latino MSM in the United States. METHODS: Black and Hispanic/Latino MSM (N = 853) were recruited from 3 US cities (Chicago, IL; Kansas City, MO; and Fort Lauderdale, FL) via online and community outreach...
May 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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