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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905631/-notes-for-a-history-of-hygiene-taken-from-the-bible
#1
Walter Ledermann
Reading once more the Gospels, we found a discussion between Jesus and the Pharisee about the hand washing, this golden rule of medicine, and then, with the help of Thomas Mann, we began a search for other notes on hygiene in the Bible. For the return from Egypt to the Promised Land, Moses established several rules for his people, some of them disguised as religious principles, concerning elimination of excreta, healthy and poisonous foods, isolation in case of contagious diseases (leprosy, gonorrhea), decontamination of clothes and houses, and many others that now seem to us ahead his time...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902560/assessing-different-partner-notification-methods-for-assuring-partner-treatment-for-gonorrhea-looking-for-the-best-mix-of-options
#2
Eleanor Fleming, Matthew Hogben
CONTEXT: Partner notification for gonorrhea is intended to interrupt transmission and to bring people exposed to infection to care. Partner notification may be initiated through public health professionals (disease intervention specialist: DIS referral) or patients (patient referral). In some cases, patients may carry medications or prescriptions for partners (patient-delivered partner therapy: PDPT). OBJECTIVE: To examine how patterns of notifying and treating partners of persons with gonorrhea differ by partner notification approach...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898574/factors-associated-with-primary-care-physician-knowledge-of-the-recommended-regimen-for-treating-gonorrhea
#3
Marta Bornstein, Faruque Ahmed, Roxanne Barrow, Jami Fraze Risley, Sheena Simmons, Kimberly A Workowski
BACKGROUND: The recommended regimen for treating uncomplicated gonorrhea has changed over time, due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. We assessed physician knowledge of the recommendation for treating uncomplicated urogenital gonorrhea in adolescents and adults using ceftriaxone and azithromycin dual therapy. METHODS: We analyzed DocStyles 2015 survey data from 1357 primary care physicians practicing for at least 3 years who provided screening, diagnosis, or treatment for sexually transmitted diseases to one or more patients in an average month...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898572/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-associated-risk-factors-among-street-based-and-residence-based-female-sex-workers-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#4
Rasheda Khanam, Masud Reza, Dilruba Ahmed, Mustafizur Rahman, M Shah Alam, Salima Sultana, Anadil Alam, Sharful I Khan, Kenneth H Mayer, Tasnim Azim
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) in Bangladesh remain at elevated risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) although the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence among them is low. Recent information on the burden and etiological diagnosis of STIs among them has been lacking. This study examines prevalence and risk behaviors of selected STIs among FSWs in Dhaka in 2014. METHODS: Between August and October 2014, a cross-sectional study was conducted among street-based and residence-based FSWs receiving HIV prevention services at 24 drop in centers in Dhaka...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893603/young-low-risk-heterosexual-clients-prefer-a-chlamydia-home-collection-test-to-a-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinic-visit-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Martijn S van Rooijen, Rik H Koekenbier, Alfons Hendriks, Henry J C de Vries, Petra van Leeuwen, Maaike G van Veen
BACKGROUND: Home-based self-collection of specimens for urogenital and anorectal chlamydia testing has been proven feasible and acceptable. We studied the efficiency of chlamydia home collection kits for young low-risk persons to optimize care at the Amsterdam sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic. METHODS: Low-risk heterosexual persons under 25 years submitting an appointment request online were offered 3 different ways of chlamydia testing: (1) receiving a home collection kit, (2) coming to the clinic without, or (3) with sexual health counseling...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893601/reducing-missed-opportunities-pairing-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-with-syringe-exchange-services
#6
Alexis M Roth, Jesse L Goldshear, Ana P Martinez-Donate, Seth Welles, Martha Chavis, Barbara Van Der Pol
About 17.5% of sexually active injection drug users recruited from a syringe exchange in Camden, NJ (n = 120) screened positive for chlamydia/gonorrhea. Among these cases, 40% were detected via extragenital screening. This pilot demonstrates that colocating sexually transmitted infection control with syringe exchange leads to sexually transmitted infection case finding.
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893600/prevalence-and-correlates-of-genital-infections-among-newly-diagnosed-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-entering-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-in-windhoek-namibia
#7
Gaston Djomand, Madeleine Schlefer, Steve Gutreuter, Sarah Tobias, Roopal Patel, Nickolas DeLuca, Julia Hood, Souleymane Sawadogo, Cheng Chen, Alexinah Muadinohamba, David W Lowrance, Naomi Bock
BACKGROUND: Identifying and treating genital infections, including sexually transmitted infections (STI), among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals may benefit both public and individual health. We assessed prevalence of genital infections and their correlates among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals enrolling in HIV care services in Namibia. METHODS: Newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults entering HIV care at 2 health facilities in Windhoek, Namibia, were recruited from December 2012 to March 2014...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893593/trends-in-selected-measures-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-gonorrhea-and-syphilis-in-the-united-states-1981-2013
#8
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine selected measures of racial and ethnic disparities in the reported incidence of syphilis and gonorrhea from 1981 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: For each year, from 1981 to 2013, we calculated values for 5 disparity measures (Gini coefficient, 2 versions of the index of disparity, population attributable proportion, and the black-to-white rate ratio) for 5 racial/ethnic categories (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885067/repeat-infection-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-active-duty-u-s-army-personnel-a-population-based-case-series-study
#9
Christian T Bautista, Eyako K Wurapa, Warren B Sateren, Sara M Morris, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
Little information is known on the rate of repeat gonorrhea infection among U.S. military personnel. We analyzed all gonorrhea cases reported to the Defense Medical Surveillance System during 2006-2012 to determine the rate of repeat infection. During the seven-year study period, 17,602 active duty U.S. Army personnel with a first incident gonorrhea infection were reported. Among the 4987 women with a first gonorrhea infection, 14.4% had at least one repeat infection. Among the 12,615 men with a first gonorrhea infection, 13...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871917/gonococcal-conjunctivitis-a-case-report-of-an-unusual-mode-of-transmission
#10
Anna Jo Bodurtha Smith, Samuel B Holzman, Reza Sedighi Manesh, Trish M Perl
BACKGROUND: Outside of the newborn period, development of gonococcal conjunctivitis is rare and predominantly occurs through auto-inoculation. We report an unusual case of gonococcal conjunctivitis in a young woman exposed through direct inoculation. CASE: A 19-year-old woman presented with purulent ocular discharge, severe pain, and decreased vision unresponsive to topical antibiotics or ganciclovir approximately 3 weeks after accidental ocular exposure to seminal fluid during unprotected oral sex...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851714/preexposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-a-large-integrated-health-care-system-adherence-renal-safety-and-discontinuation
#11
Julia L Marcus, Leo B Hurley, Charles Bradley Hare, Dong Phuong Nguyen, Tony Phengrasamy, Michael J Silverberg, Juliet E Stoltey, Jonathan E Volk
BACKGROUND: Placebo-controlled and open-label studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of daily oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in preventing HIV infection, but data are limited on real-world PrEP use. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study from July 2012 through June 2015 of Kaiser Permanente Northern California members initiating PrEP. We assessed pharmacy refill adherence and discontinuation, decreases in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV incidence...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836225/impact-of-rapid-diagnostic-testing-for-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-on-appropriate-antimicrobial-utilization-in-the-emergency-department
#12
Kaitlyn R Rivard, Lisa E Dumkow, Heather M Draper, Kasey L Brandt, David W Whalen, Nnaemeka E Egwuatu
Prolonged turnaround time of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) test results may delay time to notification and treatment of test-positive patients and result in unnecessary antimicrobial use in test-negative patients. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the impact of NG/CT rapid diagnostic testing (RDT) in an urban emergency department (ED) on treatment appropriateness, time to notification, and cost. Patients tested in December 2013-January 2014 (traditional group, n=200) were compared with those in December 2014-January 2015 (RDT group, n=200)...
October 18, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835623/gonorrhea-control-united-states-1972-2015-a-narrative-review
#13
Thomas A Peterman, Kevin O'Connor, Heather M Bradley, Elizabeth A Torrone, Kyle T Bernstein
Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported infection. It can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Rates of gonorrhea decreased after the National Gonorrhea Control Program began in 1972, but stabilized in the mid 1990s. The emergence of antimicrobial resistant strains increases the urgency for enhanced gonorrhea control efforts. To identify possible approaches for improving gonorrhea control, we reviewed historic protocols, reports, and other documents related to the activities of the National Gonorrhea Control Program using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention records and the published literature...
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832024/gonorrhea-prevention-in-the-united-states-where-do-we-go-from-here
#14
H Hunter Handsfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818966/sexually-transmitted-infections-among-hospitalized-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-hiv-aids-in-zahedan-southeastern-iran
#15
Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri, Batool Sharifi-Mood, Hamid-Reza Kouhpayeh, Javad Moazen, Mohsen Farrokhian, Masoud Salehi
BACKGROUND: Studies show that nearly 40 million people are living with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) around the world and since the beginning of the epidemic, about 35 million have died from AIDS. Heterosexual intercourse is the most common route for transmission of HIV infection (85%). People with a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as syphilis, genital herpes, chancroid, or bacterial vaginosis, are more likely to obtain HIV infection during sex...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816380/association-of-bacterial-vaginosis-with-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-among-women-in-the-u-s-army
#16
Christian T Bautista, Eyako K Wurapa, Warren B Sateren, Sara M Morris, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal condition in women of reproductive age, which has been associated with Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among commercial sex workers and women attending sexually transmitted infection clinics. Pathogen-specific associations between BV and other sexually transmitted infections among U.S. military women have not been investigated. METHODS: A population-based, nested case-control study was conducted of all incident chlamydia and gonorrhea cases reported to the Defense Medical Surveillance System during 2006-2012...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815960/evaluation-of-cytotoxic-analgesic-antidiarrheal-and-phytochemical-properties-of-hygrophila-spinosa-t-anders-whole-plant
#17
S M Faysal Bellah, Md Nur Islam, Md Rezaul Karim, Md Masudur Rahaman, Mst Samima Nasrin, Md Atiar Rahman, A S M Ali Reza
BACKGROUND: Synthetic drugs are going to be replaced by plant-derived traditional drugs due to their cost effectiveness, relatively less harmfulness, and efficacy against multidrug resistance organisms. Hygrophila spinosa (Acanthaceae) has been used in a wide range of ailments including flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrhea, and menorrhagia. Therefore, we investigated the cytotoxic, antinociceptive, and antidiarrheal effects of H. spinosa ethanol extract (EExHs). METHODS: Preliminary phytochemical screening was accomplished by established methods modified in experimental protocol...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795343/chlamydia-gonorrhea-and-trichomonas-combined-testing-using-the-bd-max%C3%A2-ct-gc-tv-assay-using-genitourinary-specimen-types
#18
Barbara Van Der Pol, James A Williams, DeAnna Fuller, Stephanie N Taylor, Edward W Hook
The BD MAX™ CT/GC/TV (MAX) assay is a true multiplex assay for simultaneous detection of chlamydia (CT), gonorrhea (GC) and trichomonas (TV). We evaluated the assay performance for women using endocervical and vaginal swabs as well as urine specimens. 1143 women were tested for CT/GC and TV and, subsequently another 847 (1990 total women) for CT/GC only with positivity rates for CT, GC and TV of 7.1, 2.3 and 13.5% respectively. In men the performance for CT and GC was determined using only urine specimens...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771470/factors-associated-with-the-over-treatment-and-under-treatment-of-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-adolescents-presenting-to-a-public-hospital-emergency-department
#19
Mutimbwa Anaene, Kenneth Soyemi, Rachel Caskey
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and the rates and factors associated with their over-treatment (OT) and under-treatment (UT). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients aged 13-24 years who were screened for GC/CT in the emergency department (ED) of a public hospital. Descriptive statistics were obtained for all variables, and multivariate log binomial regression was performed to ascertain the factors associated with OT and UT...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761428/effects-of-flavonoids-from-martynia-annua-and-tephrosia-purpurea-on-cutaneous-wound-healing
#20
Santram Lodhi, Avijeet Jain, Alok Pal Jain, Rajesh Singh Pawar, Abhay Kumar Singhai
OBJECTIVE: Martynia annua L. (M. annua), (Martyniaccae) has been traditionally used in the treatment of epilepsy, sore throat and inflammatory disorders. The leaf paste is used topically on Tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands and wounds of domestic animals. Tephrosia purpurea (T. purpurea), (Fabaceae) has been used traditionally as a remedy for asthma, gonorrhea, rheumatism and ulcers. This study aimed to evaluate the potential wound healing effects of different fractions ofethanol extract of M...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
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