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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346606/characteristics-of-cases-with-repeated-sexually-transmitted-infections-massachusetts-2014-2016
#1
Katherine K Hsu, Lauren E Molotnikov, Kathleen A Roosevelt, Heather R Elder, R Monina Klevens, Alfred DeMaria, Sevgi O Aral
Background: Persons with prior sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are at high risk for re-infection. No recent studies have examined the frequency with which persons within a geographic area are diagnosed and reported with multiple bacterial STIs over time. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, population-based study of confirmed syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial infections reported to the Massachusetts state surveillance system within a two-year period, July 28, 2014 - July 27, 2016...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329182/rapid-increase-in-gonorrhea-cases-with-reduced-susceptibility-to-azithromycin-in-columbus-ohio
#2
Jose A Bazan, Mysheika Williams Roberts, Olusegun O Soge, Elizabeth A Torrone, Amanda Dennison, Melissa Ervin, Sopheay Hun, Karen S Fields, Abigail N Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329179/should-asymptomatic-men-who-have-sex-with-men-be-screened-for-oropharyngeal-chlamydia-clinical-outcomes-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jason J Ong, Eric P F Chow, Vesna De Petra, Deborah Williamson, Irene Pelatosis, Ben Howden, Lei Zhang, Marcus Y Chen, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane Hocking, Christopher K Fairley
OBJECTIVE: To help inform screening guidelines, we estimated the proportion of asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM) with oropharyngeal chlamydia. STUDY DESIGN: An audit of asymptomatic MSM attending a sexual health service from March 2015 to April 2016 was conducted. They each had an oropharyngeal swab that was tested for Chlamydia trachomatis by transcription-mediated nucleic acid amplification. In addition, a random sample of 17 swabs that initially tested positive had confirmatory testing to determine the likelihood of true positivity...
February 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329178/chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-acquisition-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-pennsylvania-a-rural-and-urban-comparison
#4
Casey N Pinto, Lorah D Dorn, Vernon M Chinchilli, Ping Du
Adolescent and young adult chlamydia and gonorrhea rates in rural versus urban communities of Pennsylvania were analyzed from 2004 to 2014. Higher rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea have been documented in rural youth, making them more likely to acquire to suffer adverse outcomes than youth in urban populations.
February 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304758/molecular-epidemiology-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-strains-circulating-in-indonesia-using-multi-locus-variable-number-tandem-repeat-analysis-mlva-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-multi-antigen-sequence-typing-ng-mast-techniques
#5
I Putu Yuda Hananta, Alje Pieter van Dam, Maarten Franciscus Schim van der Loeff, Mirjam Dierdorp, Carolien Marleen Wind, Hardyanto Soebono, Henry John Christiaan de Vries, Sylvia Maria Bruisten
BACKGROUND: Control of gonorrhea in resource-limited countries, such as Indonesia, is mostly unsuccessful. Examining Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng) transmission networks using strain typing might help prioritizing public health interventions. METHODS: In 2014, urogenital Ng strains were isolated from clients of sexually transmitted infection clinics in three Indonesian cities. Strains were typed using Multiple-Locus Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR) Analysis (MLVA) and Ng Multi-Antigen Sequence Typing (NG-MAST) at the Public Health Service, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and compared to Dutch strains collected from 2012 to 2015...
January 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286178/toll-like-receptor-variants-and-cervical-atopobium-vaginae-infection-in-women-with-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#6
Brandie D Taylor, Patricia A Totten, Sabina G Astete, Michael J Ferris, David H Martin, Roberta B Ness, Catherine L Haggerty
PROBLEM: Toll-like (TLR) receptor genetic variants have been implicated in bacterial vaginosis (BV). We determined whether TLR variants are associated with fastidious BV-associated microbes that are linked with infertility following pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). METHOD OF STUDY: Sneathia spp., Atopobium vaginae, BVAB1, and Ureaplasma urealyticum were measured in 250 women from the PID Evaluation and Clinical Health (PEACH) study. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated adjusting for chlamydia and gonorrhea...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276592/sexual-health-knowledge-and-practices-and-sti-hiv-prevalence-among-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-peru
#7
Patricía J García, Boris Fazio, Angela M Bayer, Aldo G Lizarraga, Marina Chiappe, Sayda La Rosa, Marcela Lazo, Lorena López, María Valderrama, César P Cárcamo
Objectives: HIV and other sexually transmitted infections remain a challenge globally and many key groups have yet to be studied. Evidence shows that truck drivers may have high-risk behaviors and higher sexually transmitted infection/HIV prevalence because they are a highly mobile population. However, there is little to no information on this group in Peru. Therefore, we explored the sexual health knowledge and practices and carried out sexually transmitted infection/HIV testing among male truck drivers and their assistants in Peru...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259388/genital-tract-infections-in-an-isolated-community-100-women-of-the-pr%C3%A3-ncipe-island
#8
Pedro Vieira-Baptista, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Gert Bellen, Carlos Sousa, Conceição Saldanha, Davy Vanden Broeck, John-Paul Bogers, Gilbert Donders
Objective: To characterize the vaginal microbiome and the rate of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the women of Príncipe (São Tomé and Príncipe). Methods: Cross-sectional study of 100 consecutive women, invited for a free appointment and cervical cancer screening. A vaginal slide (wet mount microscopy) and a cervical sample (ThinPrep®) (Pap test, high risk human papillomavirus [HR-HPV], N. gonorrhea [NG], T. vaginalis [TV], and C. trachomatis [CT]) were obtained...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240636/the-etiology-of-genital-ulcer-disease-and-coinfections-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-zimbabwe-results-from-the-zimbabwe-sti-etiology-study
#9
More Mungati, Anna Machiha, Owen Mugurungi, Mufuta Tshimanga, Peter H Kilmarx, Justice Nyakura, Gerald Shambira, Vitalis Kupara, David A Lewis, Elizabeth Gonese, Beth A Tippett Barr, H Hunter Handsfield, Cornelis A Rietmeijer
BACKGROUND: In many countries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are treated syndromically. Thus, patients diagnosed as having genital ulcer disease (GUD) in Zimbabwe receive a combination of antimicrobials to treat syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and genital herpes. Periodic studies are necessary to assess the current etiology of GUD and assure the appropriateness of current treatment guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 6 geographically diverse clinics in Zimbabwe serving high numbers of STI cases to enroll men and women with STI syndromes, including GUD...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240633/sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-of-hiv-positive-medicare-and-medicaid-enrollees-falls-short-of-guidelines
#10
Raphael J Landovitz, Jennifer L Gildner, Arleen A Leibowitz
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men with HIV have high sexually transmitted infection (STI) incidence. Thus, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends at least yearly STI screening of HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: We calculated testing rates for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea among HIV-positive Californians with Medicare or Medicaid insurance in 2010. Logistic regressions estimated how testing for each bacterial STI relates to demographic and provider factors...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240632/methods-for-sexually-transmitted-disease-prevention-programs-to-estimate-the-health-and-medical-cost-impact-of-changes-in-their-budget
#11
Harrell W Chesson, Jennifer A Ludovic, Andrés A Berruti, Thomas L Gift
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to describe methods that sexually transmitted disease (STD) programs can use to estimate the potential effects of changes in their budgets in terms of disease burden and direct medical costs. METHODS: We proposed 2 distinct approaches to estimate the potential effect of changes in funding on subsequent STD burden, one based on an analysis of state-level STD prevention funding and gonorrhea case rates and one based on analyses of the effect of Disease Intervention Specialist (DIS) activities on gonorrhea case rates...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229778/structural-and-functional-insights-into-the-role-of-bamd-and-bame-within-the-%C3%AE-barrel-assembly-machinery-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#12
Aleksandra E Sikora, Igor H Wierzbicki, Ryszard A Zielke, Rachael F Ryner, Konstantin V Korotkov, Susan K Buchanan, Nicholas Noinaj
The β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) is a conserved multi-component protein complex responsible for the biogenesis of β-barrel outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in Gram-negative bacteria. Given its role in the production of OMPs for survival and pathogenesis, BAM represents an attractive target for the development of therapeutic interventions including drugs and vaccines against multi-drug resistant bacteria such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae The first structure of BamA, the central component of BAM, was from N...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186320/declining-hcv-incidence-in-dutch-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-after-unrestricted-access-to-hcv-therapy
#13
Anne Boerekamps, Guido E Van den Berk, Lauw N Fanny, Eliane M Leyten, Marjo E Van Kasteren, Arne van Eeden, Dirk Posthouwer, Mark A Claassen, Anton S Dofferhoff, Dominique W M Verhagen, Wouter F Bierman, Kamilla D Lettinga, Frank P Kroon, Corine E Delsing, Paul H Groeneveld, Robert Soetekouw, Edgar J Peters, Sebastiaan J Hullegie, Stephanie Popping, David A M C Van de Vijver, Charles A Boucher, Joop E Arends, Bart J Rijnders
Background: Direct acting antivirals (DAA) cure 95% of patients infected with hepatitis C (HCV). Modeling studies predict that universal HCV treatment will lead to a decrease in the incidence of new infections but real-life data are lacking. The incidence of HCV among Dutch HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) has been high for >10 years. In 2015 DAA became available to all Dutch HCV patients and resulted in a rapid treatment uptake in HIV-positive MSM. We assessed whether this uptake was followed by a decrease in the incidence of HCV infections...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181421/sociodemographic-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-increasing-bacterial-sexually-transmitted-infection-diagnoses-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-accessing-care-at-a-boston-community-health-center-2005-2015
#14
Kenneth H Mayer, Kevin M Maloney, Kenneth Levine, Dana King, Chris Grasso, Douglas S Krakower, Eli S Rosenberg, Stephen L Boswell
Background: The reasons why bacterial sexually transmitted infections (BSTIs) are increasing in US men who have sex with men (MSM) have not been fully characterized. Methods: An open cohort of MSM accessing medical care at a Boston community health center was used to assess secular trends in BSTI diagnoses. Frequency of infection and the estimated population size were used to calculate diagnosis rates. Poisson models were fit for multivariable analyses. Results: Between 2005 and 2015, 19 232 men had at least 1 clinic visit...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177239/genital-infections-and-reproductive-complications-associated-with-trichomonas-vaginalis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-streptococcus-agalactiae-in-women-of-qom-central-iran
#15
Mahmoud Nateghi Rostami, Batool Hossein Rashidi, Azam Habibi, Razieh Nazari, Masoumeh Dolati
Background: Trichomonas vaginalis (T.vaginalis) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N.gonorrhoeae) are two most common non-viral sexually transmitted infections in the world. No data are available regarding the epidemiology of genital infections in women of Qom, central Iran. Objective: Epidemiological investigation of sexually transmitted infections in genital specimens of women referred to the referral gynecology hospital in Qom, central Iran. Materials and Methods: Genital swab specimens were collected from women volunteers and used for identification of bacterial and protozoal infections by conventional microbial diagnostics, porA pseudo gene LightCycler® real-time PCR (for N...
June 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174733/comparison-of-the-cepheid-genexpert-ct-ng-assay-to-the-hologic-aptima-combo2-assay-for-the-detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-self-collected-rectal-swabs
#16
Laura Dize, Barbara Silver, Charlotte Gaydos
Self-collected rectal-swabs were tested for CT and NG on GeneXpert CT/NG as compared to APTIMA Combo2. Of 448 rectal-swabs, 22 were positive for CT; 7 for NG on both assays; two were discordant. Sensitivity and specificity of GeneXpert was 95.5% and 99.7% for chlamydia, respectively; for gonorrhea both were 100%.
October 26, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164013/physician-adherence-to-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-guidelines-in-an-ob-gyn-teaching-clinic-in-hawai-i
#17
Alyssa Dee P Carlson, Mary Tschann, Somsook Santibenchakul, Eric L Hurwitz, Jennifer Salcedo
Rates of chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (GC) have risen for the first time in the United States since 2006. Certain population groups are disproportionately affected by these sexually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as HIV. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and professional societies have published screening guidelines for these STIs for women under the age of 25. We aimed to quantify physician adherence to GC/CT and HIV screening guidelines and to determine demographic factors associated with GC/CT and HIV screening recommendations among women 14-25 years old in Honolulu, Hawai'i...
November 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155673/strengthening-global-surveillance-for-antimicrobial-drug-resistant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-through-the-enhanced-gonococcal-antimicrobial-surveillance-program
#18
Emily J Weston, Teodora Wi, John Papp
Monitoring trends in antimicrobial drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a critical public health and global health security activity because the number of antimicrobial drugs available to treat gonorrhea effectively is rapidly diminishing. Current global surveillance methods for antimicrobial drug-resistant N. gonorrhoeae have many limitations, especially in countries with the greatest burden of disease. The Enhanced Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Program is a collaboration between the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145597/laboratory-testing-of-a-cohort-of-commercially-insured-users-of-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-in-the-united-states-2011-2015
#19
Ya-Lin A Huang, Guoyu Tao, Taraz Samandari, Karen W Hoover
To ensure the health and safety of persons taking antiretroviral medication for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), CDC guidelines recommend initial and follow-up laboratory testing. We assessed the rates of recommended testing using a commercial insurance claims database. Before taking PrEP, 45% of users were tested for HIV, 31% for creatinine, 55% for syphilis, 43% for chlamydia/gonorrhea, and 38% for hepatitis B. By 6 months after PrEP initiation, 38% were tested for HIV, 37% for creatinine, 49% for syphilis, and 39% for chlamydia/gonorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142418/marantodes-pumilum-blume-kuntze-inhibited-secretion-of-lipopolysaccharide-and-monosodium-urate-crystal-stimulated-cytokines-and-plasma-prostaglandin-e2
#20
Eldiza Puji Rahmi, Jamia Azdina Jamal, Endang Kumolosasi, Juriyati Jalil, Nor-Ashila Aladdin
Background: Marantodes pumilum is traditionally used for dysentery, gonorrhea, and sickness in the bones. Previous studies revealed its antibacterial and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities. Objective: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of three M. pumilum varieties on the secretion of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and monosodium urate crystal (MSU)-induced cytokines and plasma prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in vitro. Materials and Methods: The leaves and roots of M...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
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