keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Thorax anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846569/effects-of-prior-psychosocial-trauma-on-subsequent-immune-response-after-experimental-thorax-trauma
#1
Dominik Langgartner, Annette Palmer, Anne Rittlinger, Stefan O Reber, Markus Huber-Lang
Overshooting inflammation during the early phase after blunt thorax trauma promotes the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ failure and subsequent mortality. Given that individuals diagnosed with stress-related disorders are characterized by chronic low-grade inflammation, we hypothesize that "psychosocial traumatic preload" poses a risk factor for the above mentioned complications following thorax trauma.Here, we employed the chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC) paradigm to induce "psychosocial traumatic preload" and systemic low-grade immune activation in male mice, indicated by elevated plasma concentrations of different inflammatory mediators...
August 25, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840505/anesthesia-in-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-large-tertiary-care-centre-experience
#2
Santosh Darisetty, Zaheer Nabi, Mohan Ramchandani, Radhika Chavan, Rama Kotla, D Nageshwar Reddy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is safe and efficacious for the management of achalasia cardia (AC). POEM is usually performed under general anesthesia in an endoscopy suite or operating theatre. The current study was conducted with the aim to analyse anesthetic management of patients with AC who underwent POEM at our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the data of patients with AC who underwent POEM at our institution from January 2013 to September 2016...
August 24, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758345/does-the-computed-tomographic-appearance-of-the-lung-differ-between-young-and-old-dogs
#3
Natasha L Hornby, Christopher R Lamb
In computed tomographic (CT) images of humans, decreased lung attenuation, bronchial dilation, and/or thickening, air trapping, cysts, and thickened interlobular septa have been associated with increasing age. To determine if there are differences in the CT appearance of the lungs of young and old dogs that could affect interpretation of diagnostic studies, pulmonary CT images of dogs with conditions unrelated to the thorax were reviewed retrospectively in a case-control study. Computed tomography studies of 42 young dogs (range 0...
July 30, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535026/tetanus-%C3%A2-n%C3%A3-stan-bortgl%C3%A3-md-men-allvarlig-sjukdom-%C3%A3-ldre-kvinnor-%C3%A3-r-en-riskgrupp-diagnosen-kan-vara-en-utmaning
#4
Bernhard Hozgraefe, Akad Koria, Victoria Sem, Joak Johansson
Tetanus, an almost forgotten but serious disease Tetanus is the systemic consequence of a local infection with Clostridium tetani, that produces toxin which spreads in the systemic circulation. In developed countries, it is extremely rare. Women born before 1950 are a group at risk due to lower prevalence of immunisation. This report describes a case of tetanus. The patient is a previously healthy 82-year-old woman. She presented to primary care with a complaint of stiffness in the neck and jaw. A physical exam and basic laboratory tests were normal apart from a slightly increased blood pressure...
May 22, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474988/premedication-with-fentanyl-midazolam-improves-sevoflurane-anesthesia-for-surgical-intervention-in-laboratory-mice
#5
Miriam Lipiski, Margarete Arras, Paulin Jirkof, Nikola Cesarovic
Balanced anesthesia allows for a reduced dosage of each component, while inducing general anesthesia of sufficient depth with potentially fewer side effects. Here, we compare two anesthetic protocols combining sevoflurane anesthesia with pre-medication (ketamine [K] or fentanyl-midazolam [FM]) to a sevoflurane monoanesthesia (S) concerning their ability to provide reliable anesthesia suitable for moderate surgery in laboratory mice. Twenty-one female C57BL/6J mice assigned randomly to one of three protocols underwent a 50-min anesthesia and a sham embryo transfer...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446134/assessment-of-perioperative-minute-ventilation-in-obese-versus-non-obese-patients-with-a-non-invasive-respiratory-volume-monitor
#6
Jaideep H Mehta, Davide Cattano, Jordan B Brayanov, Edward E George
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the adequacy of spontaneous breathing is a major patient safety concern in the post-operative setting. Monitoring is particularly important for obese patients, who are at a higher risk for post-surgical respiratory complications and often have increased metabolic demand due to excess weight. Here we used a novel, noninvasive Respiratory Volume Monitor (RVM) to monitor ventilation in both obese and non-obese orthopedic patients throughout their perioperative course, in order to develop better monitoring strategies...
April 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420038/retrospective-evaluation-of-coyote-attacks-in-dogs-154-cases-1997-2012
#7
Virginia M Frauenthal, Philip Bergman, Robert J Murtaugh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and outcome of known attacks in client-owned dogs caused by the common coyote, Canis latrans. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Private referral hospital. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-four client-owned dogs known to be attacked by coyotes. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Records from a private referral hospital from May 1997 through December 2012 were reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367293/thoracic-interfascial-nerve-block-for-breast-surgery-in-a-pregnant-woman-a-case-report
#8
Boohwi Hong, Seok-Hwa Yoon, Ann Misun Youn, Bum June Kim, Seunghyun Song, Yeomyung Yoon
Regional anesthesia for non-obstetric surgery in parturients is a method to decrease patient and fetal risk during general anesthesia. Thoracic interfascial nerve block can be used as an analgesic technique for surgical procedures of the thorax. The Pecs II block is an interfascial block that targets not only the medial and lateral pectoral nerves, but also the lateral cutaneous branch of the intercostal nerve. Pecto-intercostal fascial block (PIFB) targets the anterior cutaneous branch of the intercostal nerve...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302227/anaesthetic-concerns-of-surgical-emphysema-following-thyroidectomy
#9
Sanum Kashif, Amna Gulrez
Surgical emphysema secondary to tracheal tear is a rare but serious complication after thyroidectomy. It is usually resolved by conservative management; but in case of compromised airway, early airway control and surgical intervention is required. This is the case report of a 52-year woman diagnosed as thyroid carcinoma, who developed rapidly progressive surgical emphysema involving head and upper thorax, following total thyroidectomy, in post anesthesia care unit (PACU). The complication was related to tracheal tear occurring during excision of huge thyroid mass, encroaching trachea...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126454/ultrasound-guided-retroclavicular-approach-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-for-upper-extremity-emergency-procedures
#10
Josh Luftig, Daniel Mantuani, Andrew A Herring, Arun Nagdev
The America Society of Anesthesiology guidelines recommend multimodal analgesia that combines regional anesthetic techniques with pharmacotherapy to improve peri-procedural pain management and reduce opioid related complications. Commonly performed emergency procedures of the upper extremity such as fracture and dislocation reduction, wound debridement, and abscess incision and drainage are ideal candidates for ultrasound-guided (USG) regional anesthesia of the brachial plexus. However, adoption of regional anesthesia by emergency practitioners has been limited by concerns for potential complications and perceived technical difficulty...
May 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895906/respiratory-distress-associated-with-heterotopic-gastrointestinal-cysts-of-the-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#11
Marco Antonio Méndez Sáenz, Mario de Jesús Villegas González, Marco A Ponce Camacho, Lucia M Cavazos Cavazos, Bárbara Sáenz Ibarra, Blanca I Esquivel García, José Luis Treviño González
Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts of the oral cavity are benign lesions usually discovered during infancy. Their pathogenesis is not very clear. They are rare congenital anomalies that result from remnants of foregut-derived epithelium in the head, neck, thorax or abdomen during embryonic development. The majority of these lesions occur in the anterior ventral surface of the tongue and extend to the floor of the mouth. They are confused clinically by surgeons in cases of head and neck masses in children as ranulas, dermoid and thyroglossal cysts, and lymphangioma...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761448/non-intubated-simultaneous-en-bloc-resection-of-pulmonary-nodule-and-rib-chondrosarcoma
#12
Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Wenbin Wu, Dong Liu, Min Li, Zhengqun Hu, Hui Zhang
Adequate surgical resection was required for patients with rib chondrosarcoma. A 61-year-old woman was presented with a palpable chest wall mass. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest revealed an isolated pulmonary nodule about 0.9 cm, and a giant rib tumor about 12 cm × 9 cm which penetrated through the 7(th) rib into thorax. CT reconstruction and simulated surgery was utilized for disease-free surgical margin (R0 resection), then a simultaneous en bloc resection of pulmonary nodule and rib tumor was performed along with chest wall reconstruction under local anesthesia and intravenous sedation without endotracheal intubation...
September 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646518/mri-guided-wire-localization-surgical-biopsy-in-an-adolescent-patient-with-a-difficult-to-diagnose-case-of-lymphoma
#13
Scott M Thompson, Krzysztof R Gorny, Danielle E Jondal, Karen L Rech, Samir Mardini, David A Woodrum
A 17-year-old previously healthy female presented with a progressive soft tissue infiltrative process involving the neck and thorax. Extensive diagnostic evaluation including multiple imaging, laboratory, and biopsy studies was nondiagnostic. Due to an urgent need to establish a diagnosis and several previous nondiagnostic biopsies, she was referred to interventional radiology for MRI-guided wire localization immediately prior to open surgical biopsy. Under general anesthesia, wires were placed in the areas of increased T2 signal within the bilateral splenius capitis muscles using intermittent MRI-guidance followed by immediate surgical biopsy down to the wires...
January 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555159/hypoxia-during-general-anesthesia-unknown-foreign-body-aspiration
#14
Ozgur Senturk, Demet Unal, Onur Selvi
An 18-month-old male patient, classified as American Society of Anesthesiologists I, with bilateral inguinal hernia was scheduled for operation. Preanesthetic evaluation revealed history of completed medical treatment of acute bronchitis 10 days ago, and his respiratory examination was recorded as normal. He was successfully operated under general anesthesia with a laryngeal mask. After removal of the laryngeal mask, he displayed signs of hypoxia. Respiratory sounds were undetectable in the left thorax. He was intubated due to failure of adequate ventilation...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473720/transesophageal-lung-ultrasonography-a-novel-technique-for-investigating-hypoxemia
#15
REVIEW
Yiorgos Alexandros Cavayas, Martin Girard, Georges Desjardins, André Y Denault
BACKGROUND: Acute deterioration in respiratory status commonly occurs in patients who cannot be transported for imaging studies, particularly during surgical procedures and in critical care settings. Transthoracic lung ultrasonography has been developed to allow rapid diagnosis of respiratory conditions at the bedside. Nevertheless, the thorax is not always accessible, especially in the perioperative setting. Transesophageal lung ultrasonography (TELU) can be used to circumvent this problem...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293823/single-port-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-pneumothorax-under-two-lung-ventilation-with-carbon-dioxide-insufflation
#16
Kook Nam Han, Hyun Koo Kim, Hyun Joo Lee, Dong Kyu Lee, Heezoo Kim, Sang Ho Lim, Young Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: The development of single-port thoracoscopic surgery and two-lung ventilation reduced the invasiveness of minor thoracic surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-port thoracoscopic bleb resection for primary spontaneous pneumothorax using two-lung ventilation with carbon dioxide insufflation. METHODS: Between February 2009 and May 2014, 130 patients underwent single-port thoracoscopic bleb resection under two-lung ventilation with carbon dioxide insufflation...
June 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270063/clinical-diagnosis-and-surgical-management-of-diaphragmatic-retroperitoneal-perirenal-fat-and-kidney-herniation-in-a-pet-rabbit
#17
Ruey-Shyuan Wu, Che-Chu Chu, Hsien-Chi Wang, Kuan-Sheng Chen
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old 2.08-kg (4.58-lb) neutered male Lionhead-mix pet rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) was examined because of sneezing and increased respiratory effort. CLINICAL FINDINGS On the basis of the rabbit's radiographic findings, a diagnosis of diaphragmatic retroperitoneal perirenal fat and kidney herniation was made. Nine months later, physical examination revealed increased respiratory rate and effort and slightly decreased body weight. Thoracic radiography revealed decreased lung aeration and further craniomedial displacement of the right kidney, compared with the initial evaluation findings, suggesting progressive herniation of the retroperitoneal perirenal fat...
June 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227938/death-due-to-intra-aortic-migration-of-kirschner-wire-from-the-clavicle-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Lei Tan, Da-Hui Sun, Tiecheng Yu, Linxiang Wang, Dong Zhu, Yan-Hui Li
Migration of orthopedic fixation wires into the ascending aorta though a rare occurrence can have devastating consequences. Therefore, prompt recognition, with immediate and cautious retrieval of the implant is paramount in averting these complications.We present a case of a 5-year-old boy with the intra-aortic migration of a K-wire used for the treatment of a right clavicle fracture. He was transferred to us with a history of syncope, chest pain, and shortness of breath 7 days after K-wire placement, which was performed at another hospital...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159073/a-comparison-of-web-based-with-traditional-classroom-based-training-of-lung-ultrasound-for-the-exclusion-of-pneumothorax
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas Edrich, Matthias Stopfkuchen-Evans, Patrick Scheiermann, Markus Heim, Wilma Chan, Michael B Stone, Daniel Dankl, Jonathan Aichner, Dominik Hinzmann, Pingping Song, Ashley L Szabo, Gyorgy Frendl, Kamen Vlassakov, Dirk Varelmann
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a well-established method that can exclude pneumothorax by demonstration of pleural sliding and the associated ultrasound artifacts. The positive diagnosis of pneumothorax is more difficult to obtain and relies on detection of the edge of a pneumothorax, called the "lung point." Yet, anesthesiologists are not widely taught these techniques, even though their patients are susceptible to pneumothorax either through trauma or as a result of central line placement or regional anesthesia techniques performed near the thorax...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147332/technical-note-partial-body-irradiation-of-mice-using-a-customized-pmma-apparatus-and-a-clinical-3d-planning-linac-radiotherapy-system
#20
Ilias V Karagounis, Ioannis M Abatzoglou, Michael I Koukourakis
PURPOSE: In vivo radiobiology experiments involving partial body irradiation (PBI) of mice are of major importance because they allow for the evaluation of individual organ tolerance; overcoming current limitations of experiments using lower dose, whole body irradiation. In the current study, the authors characterize and validate an effective and efficient apparatus for multiple animal PBI, directed to the head, thorax, or abdomen of mice. METHODS: The apparatus is made of polymethylmethacrylate and consists of a rectangular parallelepiped prism (40 cm × 16 cm × 8 cm), in which five holes were drilled to accomodate standard 60 ml syringes, each housing an unanesthetized, fully immobilized mouse...
May 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
71894
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"