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Thoracic surgery complications anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604085/tension-pneumothorax-after-percutaneous-tracheostomy
#1
Sarina Matsumura, Naotaka Kishimoto, Tomio Iseki, Yoshihiro Momota
A 76-year-old woman with right mandibular gingival cancer was scheduled for surgery. A percutaneous tracheostomy kit was used for tracheostomy under intravenous sedation. After puncturing the cricothyroid membrane, a dilator was inserted along a guidewire. Bucking was observed at the time of insertion of the dilator, despite intratracheal lidocaine spray applied before insertion. After that, the tracheostomy tube was inserted, but no capnographic waveforms appeared when the tube was connected to the anesthesia circuit...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598916/protective-lung-ventilation-and-morbidity-after-pulmonary-resection-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#2
David Amar, Hao Zhang, Alessia Pedoto, Dawn P Desiderio, Weiji Shi, Kay See Tan
BACKGROUND: Protective lung ventilation (PLV) during one-lung ventilation (OLV) for thoracic surgery is frequently recommended to reduce pulmonary complications. However, limited outcome data exist on whether PLV use during OLV is associated with less clinically relevant pulmonary morbidity after lung resection. METHODS: Intraoperative data were prospectively collected in 1080 patients undergoing pulmonary resection with OLV, intentional crystalloid restriction, and mechanical ventilation to maintain inspiratory peak airway pressure <30 cm H2O...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580086/non-intubated-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-decortication-of-empyema-under-thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-a-case-report
#3
Eun-Jin Moon, Yoon-Ju Go, Jun-Young Chung, Jae-Woo Yi
General anesthesia is the main strategy for almost all thoracic surgeries. However, a growing body of literature has reported successful cases of non-intubated thoracic surgery with regional anesthesia. This alternative strategy not only prevents complications related to general anesthesia, such as lung injury, incomplete re-expansion and intubation related problems, but also accords with trends of shorter hospital stay and lower overall costs. We experienced a successful case of non-intubated thoracoscopic decortication for a 68-year-old man who was diagnosed as empyema while the patient kept spontaneously breathing with moderate sedation under thoracic epidural anesthesia...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442930/thoracic-epidural-analgesia-reduces-myocardial-injury-in-ischemic-patients-undergoing-major-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#4
Mohamad Farouk Mohamad, Montaser A Mohammad, Diab F Hetta, Eman Hasan Ahmed, Ahmed A Obiedallah, Alaa Ali M Elzohry
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Major abdominal cancer surgeries are associated with significant perioperative mortality and morbidity due to myocardial ischemia and infarction. This study examined the effect of perioperative patient controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) on occurrence of ischemic cardiac injury in ischemic patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists grade II and III) of either sex were scheduled for elective upper gastrointestinal cancer surgeries...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439446/thoracic-unilateral-spinal-cord-injury-after-spinal-anaesthesia-for-total-hip-replacement-fate-or-mistake
#5
Costa Fabio, Del Buono Romualdo, Agrò Felice Eugenio, Tambone Vittoradolfo, Vitali Andrea Massimiliano, Ricci Giovanna
Spinal anaesthesia is the most preffered anesthesia technique for total hip replacement, and its complications range from low entity (insignificant) to life threatening. The incidence of neurologic complications after neuraxial anaesthesia is not perfectly clear, although there are several described cases of spinal cord ischaemia. We present a case of unilateral T8-T11 spinal cord ischaemia following L2-L3 spinal anaesthesia for total hip replacement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a hyperintense T8-T11 signal alteration on the leftside of paramedian spinal cord...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408933/endovascular-stent-grafting-for-aortic-arch-aneurysm-in-aortoiliac-occlusive-disease-following-aortic-arch-debranching-and-aortobifemoral-reconstruction
#6
Didem Melis Oztas, Cagla Canbay, Yilmaz Onal, Metin Onur Beyaz, Omer Ali Sayin, Mehmet Barburoglu, Mehmet Buget, Mesut Yornuk, Aziz Ari, Murat Ugurlucan, Bulent Acunas, Ufuk Alpagut, Enver Dayioglu
Treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms constitutes high mortality and morbidity rates despite improvements in surgery, anesthesia, and technology. Endovascular stent grafting may be an alternative therapy with lower risks when compared with conventional techniques. However, sometimes the branches of the aortic arch may require transport to the proximal segments prior to successful thoracic aortic endovascular stent grafting. Atherosclerosis is accounted among the etiology of both aneurysms and occlusive diseases that can coexist in the same patient...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367293/thoracic-interfascial-nerve-block-for-breast-surgery-in-a-pregnant-woman-a-case-report
#7
Boohwi Hong, Seok-Hwa Yoon, Ann Misun Youn, Bum June Kim, Seunghyun Song, Yeomyung Yoon
Regional anesthesia for non-obstetric surgery in parturients is a method to decrease patient and fetal risk during general anesthesia. Thoracic interfascial nerve block can be used as an analgesic technique for surgical procedures of the thorax. The Pecs II block is an interfascial block that targets not only the medial and lateral pectoral nerves, but also the lateral cutaneous branch of the intercostal nerve. Pecto-intercostal fascial block (PIFB) targets the anterior cutaneous branch of the intercostal nerve...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235492/anesthesia-management-with-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-donor-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-study
#8
Ozlem Yenidünya, Huseyin Yuce Bircan, Dilek Altun, Ismail Caymaz, Alp Demirag, Ayda Turkoz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block intraoperatively and 24 hours postoperatively in patients undergoing donor nephrectomy. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING: Private foundation university hospital; November 2014 to June 2015. PATIENTS: Thirty-two patients undergoing donor nephrectomy (exclusion criteria: coagulation disorders, allergy to local anesthetics, and unwillingness to participate)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203413/better-perioperative-outcomes-in-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-with-two-lung-ventilation-in-semi-prone-position
#9
Lei Cai, Yan Li, Li Sun, Xue-Wen Yang, Wen-Bin Wang, Fan Feng, Guang-Hui Xu, Man Guo, Xiao Lian, Hong-Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: One-lung ventilation (OLV) anesthesia intubation route is often used in patients undergoing thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position. Recently, the two-lung ventilation (TLV) approach becomes popular. However, limited studies have compared the two ventilation approaches in parallel. Here, we report a single-center, retrospective study of comparing TLV and OLV approach in patients undergoing thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position. METHODS: From January 2013 to November 2014, 147 patients were enrolled into the current study and were given thoracoscopic-esophagectomy in semi-prone position either by OLV or TLV...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149567/minimalist-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-biopsy-of-mediastinal-tumors
#10
Federico Tacconi, Paola Rogliani, Benedetto Cristino, Francesco Gilardi, Leonardo Palombi, Eugenio Pompeo
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal tumors often require surgical biopsy to achieve a precise and rapid diagnosis. However, subjects with mediastinal tumors may be unfit for general anesthesia, particularly when compression of major vessels or airways does occur. We tested the applicability in this setting of a minimalist (M) uniportal, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) strategy carried out under locoregional anesthesia in awake patients (MVATS). METHODS: We analyzed in a comparative fashion including propensity score matching, data from a prospectively collected database of patients who were offered surgical biopsy for mediastinal tumors through either MVATS or standard VATS...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111104/associated-risk-factors-and-complications-in-vascular-surgery-patients-requiring-unplanned-postoperative-reintubation
#11
Ethan Y Brovman, Talora L Steen, Richard D Urman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of reintubation within 30 days in vascular surgery patients and the associated risk factors and complications. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with univariate and multivariate analyses of risk factors and outcomes from data collected by the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. SETTING: All institutions participating in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
April 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079734/thoracic-epidural-anesthesia-and-prophylactic-three-times-daily-unfractionated-heparin-within-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-pathway-for-colorectal-surgery
#12
Alexander B Stone, Michael C Grant, Brandyn D Lau, Deborah B Hobson, Michael B Streiff, Elliot R Haut, Christopher L Wu, Elizabeth C Wick
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common cause of preventable harm. Perioperative thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) presents a challenge to optimal VTE prophylaxis. Our primary aim was to characterize missed doses of VTE prophylaxis associated with epidural catheter placement and removal. Our secondary aim was to measure the effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway on the rate of TEA-associated missed VTE prophylaxis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a prospectively collected database of 1264 colorectal surgery patients at a single academic center...
March 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074788/comparison-of-two-doses-of-heparin-on-outcome-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-patients-a-prospective-randomized-control-study
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Murali Chakravarthy, Dattatreya Prabhakumar, Patil Thimmannagowda, Jayaprakash Krishnamoorthy, Antony George, Vivek Jawali
INTRODUCTION: While off pump coronary artery bypass surgery is practiced with an intention to reduce the morbidity associated with cardiopulmonary bypass, the resultant 'hypercoagulability' needs to be addressed. Complications such as cavitary thrombus possibly due to the hyper coagulability after off pump coronary artery bypass surgery have been described. Many clinicians use higher doses of heparin - up to 5 mg/kg in order to thwart this fear. Overall, there appears to be no consensus on the dose of heparin in off pump coronary artery bypass surgeries...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066621/the-non-intubated-anesthesia-for-airway-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Katsuhiro Okuda, Ryoichi Nakanishi
Surgical treatment for lung cancer including airway resection following reconstruction is typically performed under general anesthesia with single-lung ventilation because it is necessary to maintain a sufficient working space and to adjust the airway pressure for the leak test. However, non-intubated thoracic surgery has been gradually developed in recent years for thoracoscopic surgery, due to its lower rate of postoperative complications, shorter hospitalization duration, and lower invasiveness than the usual single-lung anesthesia...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045412/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-the-edwards-sapien-3-valve-first-experiences-in-turkey
#15
Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Serdal Baştuğ, Hacı Ahmet Kasapkara, Hüseyin Ayhan, Hakan Süygün, Telat Keleş, Tahir Durmaz, Nihal Akar Bayram, Emine Bilen, Engin Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has shown promising results in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) at high risk for open heart surgery. We aimed to evaluate outcomes of patients who underwent TAVI with Edwards SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Heart Valve (S3), a second-generation TAVI device. METHODS: Between November 2014 and June 2016, 31 high-risk patients received balloon-expandable S3 valve at Atatürk Training and Research Hospital that has the largest case series in Turkey...
December 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984383/hippocrates-quoted-if-an-empyema-does-not-rupture-death-will-occur-is-medical-thoracoscopy-able-to-make-it-rupture-safely
#16
Georgia Hardavella, Nikolaos A Papakonstantinou, Ioannis Karampinis, Gerasimos Papavasileiou, Shereen Ajab, Mohammed Shafaat, Stavros Malagaris, Nikolaos Anastasiou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical thoracoscopy through a single port [single-port medical thoracoscopy (S-MT)] for the treatment of empyema thoracis in its early stages. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis reviewing the medical records of 84 patients referred for empyema and treated by medical thoracoscopy at our Thoracic Departments from January 2001 until November 2014. S-MT was performed under local anesthesia with neuroleptoanalgesia and spontaneous breathing using a single 1-cm incision for debridement and lavage of the pleural cavity...
January 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813034/-horner-syndrome-following-combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia
#17
Ömer Karaca, Sezen Kumaş Solak, Serdar Demirgan, Mehmet Bademci
Horner syndrome is rarely observed in connection with epidural anesthesia. It is characterized by ptosis, enophthalmos, miosis, anisocoria, and conjunctival hyperemia in the affected eye, as well as anhydrosis and flushing on the affected side of the face. It is usually a complication spontaneously resolved without permanent neurological deficits. Intraoral anesthesia; stellate ganglion, cervical or brachial plexus blocks; thoracic, lumbar or caudal epidural anesthesia, and intrapleural analgesia are the main causes for Horner syndrome related to anesthesia...
July 2016: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805991/treatment-of-spontaneous-esophageal-rupture-with-transnasal-thoracic-drainage-and-temporary-esophageal-stent-and-jejunal-feeding-tube-placement
#18
Gang Wu, Yan Shi Zhao, Yi Fang, Yu Qi, Xiangnan Li, Dechao Jiao, Kewei Ren, Xinwei Han
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous rupture of the esophagus is a rare but life-threatening thoracic emergency, with high rates of clinical misdiagnosis and mortality. This article summarizes our experience in the treatment of spontaneous esophageal rupture with transnasal thoracic drainage and temporary esophageal stent and jejunal feeding tube placement. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the medical records of 19 patients with spontaneous esophageal rupture treated using our intervention protocol...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744718/awake-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-complications-after-pneumonectomy
#19
Marcello Migliore, Francesco Borrata, Marco Nardini, Alessandra Criscione, Damiano Calvo, Mariapia Gangemi, Francesco Scalieri
Since 1998, we started a clinical program for awake video-assisted thoracic surgery in our unit using four-step local anesthesia and sedation. Throughout the years, we experienced several difficult cases, three of them had complications postpneumonectomy. The aim of this paper is to report these three cases.
December 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720490/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-influence-of-ventricular-morphology-on-the-perioperative-outcomes-after-fontan-surgery
#20
Mineto Kamata, Corey Stiver, Aymen Naguib, Dmitry Tumin, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of ventricular morphology on perioperative outcomes during Fontan surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single standing, not-for-profit pediatric hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 72 patients who underwent Fontan surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass without aortic cross-clamp between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. INTERVENTIONS: None...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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