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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322624/nasogastric-tube-and-outcomes-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Suthanya Sornprom, Charat Thongprayoon, Parkpoom Phatharacharukul, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
AIMS: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major concern for public health worldwide. Interestingly, the risk of poor clinical outcomes of CDI in patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion is still controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of CDI in patients with NGT insertion. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception through November 2017. Studies that reported relative risks, odds ratios, or hazard ratios comparing the clinical outcome of CDI in patients with NGT versus those who did not were included...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305431/case-of-nasogastric-tube-dysfunction
#2
Florian Rainer, Guenther Prenner, Lukas Peter Binder, Peter Fickert, Johannes Plank
CLINICAL PRESENTATION: An elderly female patient was admitted to intensive care for prolonged vasopressor therapy and mechanical ventilation after cardiac arrest and acute percutaneous coronary intervention. Antiplatelet, thyroid hormone replacement and statin therapies were administered through a 14-French nasogastric tube (Nestlé Health Science) and enteral feeding was initiated. Correct position of the nasogastric tube was confirmed radiologically. On the seventh day in the intensive care, our patient was seen to regurgitate soft crumbs into her mouth...
January 5, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305021/risk-factors-associated-with-clinically-significant-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-pediatric-emergency-department
#3
Ayse Gultekingil, Ozlem Teksam, Hayriye Hızarcıoğlu Gulsen, Burcu Berberoğlu Ates, İnci Nur Saltık-Temizel, Hülya Demir
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common problem in pediatric emergency department (PED). Some of these patients can lose significant amount of blood which may lead to shock. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors predicting clinically significant gastrointestinal (GIS) bleeding in patients presenting to PED. METHODS: This study was performed prospectively from January 1st 2013 to December 31th 2013 in patients with upper or lower GIS bleeding...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282770/effect-of-continuous-digital-hypothermia-on-lamellar-inflammatory-signaling-when-applied-at-a-clinically-relevant-timepoint-in-the-oligofructose-laminitis-model
#4
K Dern, A van Eps, T Wittum, M Watts, C Pollitt, J Belknap
BACKGROUND: Although continuous digital hypothermia (CDH) protects lamellae from injury in the oligofructose (OF) model of sepsis-related laminitis (SRL), conflicting results exist from these studies regarding effects of CDH on lamellar inflammatory events. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of CDH on lamellar inflammatory events in normal and OF-treated horses when instituted at a clinically relevant time point (onset of clinical signs of sepsis in this model)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277806/utility-of-nasogastric-tube-for-medical-and-surgical-oncology-of-gastric-cancer-a-prospective-institutional-study-on-a-new-and-precious-application-of-an-old-and-economic-device
#5
Edoardo Virgilio, Genoveffa Balducci, Paolo Mercantini, Enrico Giarnieri, Maria Rosaria Giovagnoli, Monica Montagnini, Antonella Proietti, Rosaria D'Urso, Marco Cavallini
BACKGROUND/AIM: Concerning gastric cancer (GC), nasogastric tube (NGT) is routinely employed for peri-operative decompression and palliative enteral nutrition. Additionally, we believe to have found a further application. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2012 and April 2017, 96 GC patients received preoperative nasogastric lavage (GL). All samples were cytologically examined to detect the presence (GL1) or absence (GL0) of malignant cells. Data were analyzed with classificatory, staging and prognostic purpose...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261527/preoperative-evaluation-is-not-predictive-of-transpyloric-feeding-conversion-in-gastrostomy-dependent-pediatric-patients
#6
Maireade McSweeney, Jessica Kerr, Janine Amirault, Eliza Fishman, Margot Lurie, Maria I Peinado-Fabregat, Paul D Mitchell, Rachel Rosen
OBJECTIVES: Limited literature exists as to whether preoperative gastrostomy (GT)evaluation may predict which patients will go onto require gastrojejunostomy tube (GJ) feeding. The goal of this study was to compare the preoperative evaluations between patients maintained on GT feeds versus patients who required conversion to GJ feeds. METHODS: We identified patients at Boston Children's Hospital who underwent GT placement and required GJ feeding between 2006-2012...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239198/faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-clostridium-difficile-infection-using-a-lyophilized-inoculum-from-non-related-donors-a-case-series-involving-19-patients
#7
Szabolcs Vigvári, Dávid Sipos, Jenő Solt, Áron Vincze, Béla Kocsis, Zsuzsanna Nemes, Ágnes Kappéter, Zsófia Feiszt, Beáta Kovács, Zoltán Péterfi
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been reported to be effective in treating relapsing of refractory Clostridium difficile infections, although some practical barriers are limiting its widespread use. In this study, our objective was to evaluate the rate of resolution of diarrhea following administration of lyophilized and resolved FMT via a nasogastric (NG) tube. We recruited 19 patients suffered from laboratory-confirmed C. difficile infection. Each of them was treated by lyophilized and resolved inoculum through a NG tube...
December 14, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238893/postprandial-cardiogenic-syncope-caused-by-gastric-polyp-induced-pyloric-obstruction-in-an-elderly-woman-with-a-giant-hiatal-hernia-a-case-report
#8
Hideyuki Saito, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Makoto Sohda, Makoto Sakai, Hiroaki Honjyo, Yuuji Kumakura, Tomonori Yoshida, Takehiko Yokobori, Koji Kurosawa, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: Hiatal hernias are common. In some reports, hiatal hernias have been implicated in causing dyspnea, syncope, and heart failure. CASE PRESENTATION: An 82-year-old woman with a hiatal hernia was admitted to our hospital because she had experienced postprandial syncope during the last few years. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a large hiatal hernia and a pedunculated polyp of the stomach antrum that fit into the pylorus. An upper gastrointestinal contrast study showed that the entire stomach had relocated to the thoracic cavity and that the body of the stomach was located above the fundus, resulting in a so-called upside-down stomach...
December 13, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233028/therapeutic-effects-of-oral-liothyronine-on-aluminum-phosphide-poisoning-as-an-adjuvant-therapy-a-clinical-trial
#9
M H Goharbari, F Taghaddosinejad, M Arefi, M Sharifzadeh, M Mojtahedzadeh, S Nikfar, M Baeeri, M Rahimifard, M Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: In aluminum phosphide (AlP) poisoning, death is mainly due to cardiovascular failure and refractory acute heart failure. There is a lot of evidence showing thyroid hormones have cardioprotective effects. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral liothyronine in the treatment of AlP poisoning. METHODS: Twenty-four patients from intensive care unit of Baharloo Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were included based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225081/enteral-nutrition-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-chemoradiotherapy-for-esophageal-carcinoma-a-comparison-of-nasogastric-tube-esophageal-stent-and-ostomy-tube-feeding
#10
Fang-Jung Yu, Hsiang-Yao Shih, Chien-Yi Wu, Yun-Shiuan Chuan, Jui-Ying Lee, Hsien-Pin Li, Pen-Tzu Fang, Dong-Lin Tsai, Shah-Hwa Chou, I-Chen Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study prospectively recruited esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma patients who received esophageal stent, nasogastric tube (NG) or jejunostomy/gastrostomy feeding to compare the changes in nutritional status and quality of life during chemoradiation therapy (CRT). METHODS: In total, 81 patients were analyzed (stent 7, surgical ostomy 26, NG 19, oral intake 29). NG was inserted when despite medication dysphagia or pain worsened with oral feeding during CRT...
December 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213167/pain-assessment-and-management-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-sudanese-paediatric-residents
#11
Mohammed A A Alhassan, Fathelrahman E Ahmed, Abdolmoneim A Bannaga
This was a prospective, descriptive, cross sectional study that was conducted in 9 major paediatric hospitals accredited for training of residents in Sudan to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of residents in paediatrics on issues related to pain assessment and pain management in children A semi-structured and validated questionnaire was distributed to 174 residents working in these hospitals. One hundred and twenty residents, out of 174, responded by filling the questionnaire, with a response rate of 68%...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213001/-resumption-of-enteral-nutrition-using-enteral-formula-containing-sodium-alginate-following-hemorrhaging-after-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-a-case-report
#12
Tetsuro Akashi, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Risa Hashimoto, Naomi Koikawa, Masaki Yamada, Junko Shimizu, Chisato Kakegawa, Mari Nakamura, Chieko Kumamoto
Enteral nutrition is often performed in elderly patients with dysphagia. Choledocholithiasis is a disease that is common in elderly patients. Gastrointestinal hemorrhaging can occur in association with endoscopic sphincterotomy, and subsequent enteral nutrition must be carefully resumed. We herein report our experience using Mermed Plus containing sodium alginate after endoscopic hemostasis. The patient was an 88-year-old woman with an onset of gallstone cholangitis during rehabilitation after cerebral infarction...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206362/prevalence-of-neonate-adhesive-skin-injuries-in-a-jordanian-intensive-care-unit
#13
Laila Habiballah
AIM: To determine the prevalence of adhesive skin injuries in neonates in a Jordanian neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to examine the characteristics of neonates with these injuries. METHOD: A cross-sectional period-prevalence study was conducted in a NICU in Irbid National University Hospital in Jordan. A total of 169 neonates were examined for skin injuries caused by adhesive equipment. RESULTS: The prevalence of skin injuries in this population was 26...
December 5, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204186/percutaneous-transesophageal-gastro-tubing-pteg-as-an-alternative-long-term-tube-feeding-procedure-when-gastrostomy-is-not-feasible
#14
Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon, Kazuki Nishihara
Background: Percutaneous transesophageal gastro-tubing (PTEG) is a minimally invasive technique to access the gut via an esophagostomy. However, this procedure is not well known and the literature available is still fairly limited. This observational study was conducted to evaluate our experience using this method as an alternative long-term tube feeding procedure when gastrostomy is not suitable. Methods: A total of 15 patients (10 males and 5 females) who underwent PTEG at our institution from 2012 to 2016 were observed and analyzed in this study...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203845/enteral-tube-feeding-in-paediatric-mitochondrial-diseases
#15
Han Som Choi, Young-Mock Lee
We investigated the effects of enteral tube feeding in Korean children with mitochondrial diseases. We performed a retrospective chart review of 68 paediatric patients with mitochondrial diseases on enteral tube feeding at a tertiary referral centre. The outcome of enteral nutrition was evaluated by decrease in gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, weight gain, and increase in developmental quotient (DQ) among patients with data available. Among 68 patients, 56 (82%) were on gastrostomy and 12 (18%) were on prolonged nasogastric (NG) tube feeding...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202536/-a-comparative-study-of-using-brix-meter-versus-ultrasonic-monitoring-of-gastric-residual-volume-in-patients-with-enteral-nutrition
#16
Y Ding, G S Wang, Y Zhang, H R Hou
To investigate the accuracy and feasibility of Brix value on monitoring gastric residual volume (GRV) in patients with enteral nutrition. Fifty patients with enteral nutrition via nasogastric tube were enrolled. The GRV was measured by both ultrasonography and Brix value. The results were compared according to the methods. The Pearson correlation coefficients showed that GRV measured by these two ways was positively correlated (r=0.986, P<0.05). Moreover paired sample t-test showed that the discrepancy was not statistically significant (P>0...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196591/nasogastric-tube-placement-in-critically-ill-pediatric-patients
#17
REVIEW
Beth Lyman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190845/nasogastric-feeding-tubes-may-not-contribute-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-preterm-infants
#18
Swati V Murthy, Apryle Funderburk, Sheeja Abraham, Michele Epstein, Joan DiPalma, Zubair H Aghai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190683/usability-study-of-ph-strips-for-nasogastric-tube-placement
#19
Simone Borsci, Peter Buckle, Jeremy Huddy, Zenia Alaestante, Zhifang Ni, George B Hanna
AIMS: (1) To model the process of use and usability of pH strips (2) to identify, through simulation studies, the likelihood of misreading pH strips, and to assess professional's acceptance, trust and perceived usability of pH strips. METHODS: This study was undertaken in four phases and used a mixed method approach (an audit, a semi-structured interview, a survey and simulation study). The three months audit was of 24 patients, the semi-structured interview was performed with 19 health professionals and informed the process of use of pH strips...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178502/survival-times-with-and-without-tube-feeding-in-patients-with-dementia-or-psychiatric-diseases-in-japan
#20
Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Kondo, Hideki Hayashi, Koichi Kadota, Hiroyuki Asaba, Hideki Ishizu, Kenji Nakata, Kairi Kurisu, Etsuko Oshima, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada, Seishi Terada
BACKGROUND: It is widely supposed that there has been no evidence of increased survival in patients with advanced dementia receiving enteral tube feeding. However, more than a few studies have reported no harmful outcome from tube feeding in dementia patients compared to in patients without dementia. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Nine psychiatric hospitals in Okayama Prefecture participated in this survey. All inpatients fulfilling the entry criteria were evaluated...
November 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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