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Posture review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340318/is-there-a-relationship-between-postural-alignment-and-mobility-for-adults-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Simon J Mills, Michelle N McDonnell, Dominic Thewlis, Shylie Mackintosh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between postural alignment and mobility skills for adults after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Seven electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of the shortlisted publications were searched. Studies were included if participants were adults with ABI, both postural alignment and mobility were measured and analysis included a relationship between alignment and mobility...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334406/male-and-female-cervical-spine-biomechanics-and-anatomy-implication-for-scaling-injury-criteria
#2
Narayan Yoganandan, Cameron R Bass, Liming Voo, Frank A Pintar
There is an increased need to develop female-specific injury criteria and anthropomorphic test devices (dummies) for automotive and military environments, especially as women take occupational roles traditionally reserved for men. Although some exhaustive reviews on the biomechanics and injuries of the human spine have appeared in clinical and bioengineering literatures, focus on the difference between male and female cervical spine responses and characteristics has largely been ignored. Current neck injury criteria for automotive dummies for assessing crashworthiness and occupant safety are obtained from animal and human cadaver experiments, computational modeling and human volunteer studies...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#3
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328536/neurotransmission-systems-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Hossein Sanjari Moghaddam, Ameneh Zare-Shahabadi, Farzaneh Rahmani, Nima Rezaei
Parkinson's disease (PD) is histologically characterized by the accumulation of α-synuclein particles, known as Lewy bodies. The second most common neurodegenerative disorder, PD is widely known because of the typical motor manifestations of active tremor, rigidity, and postural instability, while several prodromal non-motor symptoms including REM sleep behavior disorders, depression, autonomic disturbances, and cognitive decline are being more extensively recognized. Motor symptoms most commonly arise from synucleinopathy of nigrostriatal pathway...
March 22, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325096/effects-of-elastic-therapeutic-taping-on-motor-function-in-children-with-motor-impairments-a-systematic-review
#5
Andréa Baraldi Cunha, Carolina Daniel de Lima-Alvarez, Ana Carolinne Portela Rocha, Eloisa Tudella
BACKGROUND: The elastic therapeutic taping has been considered a promising resource for disabled children. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence of the effects of elastic therapeutic taping on motor function in children with motor impairments. METHOD: Three independent evaluators conducted searches in electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, BIREME/BVS, Science Direct, SciELO, and PEDro). Clinical studies design, published until 2016, involving elastic therapeutic taping and children aged 0-12 years with motor impairments were included...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320362/early-dynamic-ultrasound-for-neonatal-hip-instability-implications-for-rural-australia
#6
Susan L Charlton, Adrian Schoo, Lucie Walters
BACKGROUND: Neonatal instability of the hip (NIH), where the femoral head can move away from the acetabulum, in the first weeks of life, is an important risk factor for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). In rural areas in Australia, there is a recent trend to increased late diagnosis of DDH. Clinical screening of infant hips, a common practice in Australia, is experience dependent. Best practice early screening techniques are still debated with different techniques and timing used internationally...
March 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319489/autogenic-drainage-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Lieselotte Corten, Brenda M Morrow
PURPOSE: Airway clearance is an essential part of the management of cystic fibrosis (CF) as it facilitates clearance of viscous pulmonary secretions. This review aimed to determine the effect of autogenic drainage (AD) and assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared with no, sham, or other types of airway clearance in children with CF. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Two pediatric randomized cross-over trials were identified on the use of AD in children with CF; no studies were available on the use of AAD...
March 17, 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315806/paroxysmal-nonepileptic-events-in-children-with-epilepsy
#8
Yuji Ito, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Tamiko Negoro, Masaharu Tanaka, Yu Okai, Yoko Sakaguchi, Chikako Ogawa, Tomoya Takeuchi, Atsuko Ohno, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Tomohiko Nakata, Satoshi Maesawa, Kazuyoshi Watanabe, Yoshiyuki Takahashi, Jun Natsume
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of paroxysmal nonepileptic events (PNEs) suspected as being epileptic seizures by families of children with epilepsy. METHODS: The video-EEG (vEEG) recordings of habitual paroxysmal events in children with epilepsy at Nagoya University Hospital between October 2006 and January 2016 were reviewed. Based on the doctor's suspicion before the vEEG, the PNEs were divided into two groups that included PNEs suspected as epileptic seizures and PNEs suspected as PNEs...
February 27, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286053/onabotulinumtoxina-for-lower-limb-spasticity-guidance-from-a-delphi-panel-approach
#9
Alberto Esquenazi, Abraham Alfaro, Ziyad Ayyoub, David Charles, Khashayar Dashtipour, Glenn D Graham, John R McGuire, Ib R Odderson, Atul T Patel, David M Simpson
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA is approved for the treatment of upper and lower limb spasticity in adults. Guidance on common postures and onabotulinumtoxinA injection paradigms for upper limb spasticity has been developed using a Delphi Panel. However, similar guidance for lower limb spasticity has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To define a clinically recommended treatment paradigm using onabotulinumtoxinA for each common posture among patients with post-stroke lower-limb spasticity (PSLLS); to identify the most common PSLLS aggregate postures...
March 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284237/interpreting-pain-symptoms-and-how-pain-affects-neuromuscular-control-in-dancersif-i-m-in-pain-how-should-i-train
#10
Andrew P Claus, David A Macdonald
This review draws from leading research on pain neuroscience and control of posture and movement to help inform rehabilitation approaches and when it may or may not be prudent to "dance through" pain. Control of posture and movement is frequently distorted by pain perception, and that may not be altered even when the pain is resolved. It is important to exclude serious systemic disease or major tissue injury with severe, unremitting, or persistent symptoms before focusing on movement-based rehabilitation. Both specific exercises (contraction of specific muscles and use of movement techniques) and general exercises (which promote strength, power, endurance, and flexibility) can help to manage individuals with persistent pain problems...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284228/interactive-wearable-systems-for-upper-body-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Qi Wang, Panos Markopoulos, Bin Yu, Wei Chen, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: The development of interactive rehabilitation technologies which rely on wearable-sensing for upper body rehabilitation is attracting increasing research interest. This paper reviews related research with the aim: 1) To inventory and classify interactive wearable systems for movement and posture monitoring during upper body rehabilitation, regarding the sensing technology, system measurements and feedback conditions; 2) To gauge the wearability of the wearable systems; 3) To inventory the availability of clinical evidence supporting the effectiveness of related technologies...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280654/prevalence-and-perceptions-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses-in-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Farooq A Rathore, Rayan Attique, Yumna Asmaa
INTRODUCTION: Nursing is a professionally demanding job, and nurses are prone to develop musculoskeletal disorders. However, no data is available regarding its prevalence among Pakistani nurses. This study was conducted to document the pattern of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMDs) in Pakistani nurses and their perceptions about contributing factors and management of WRMDs. METHODS: A questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in six hospitals in Lahore and Rawalpindi, which were selected using a convenient sampling technique...
January 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274326/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-outcome-measures-to-assess-postural-control-in-older-adults-who-undertake-exergaming
#13
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
Exergaming has been shown to be an effective tool to improve postural control (PC) in older community-dwelling individuals. The outcome measures (OMs) used to assess PC are varied and this could limit the estimation of the effectiveness of the intervention. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the OMs currently used to assess PC in exergaming interventions, for healthy elderly individuals aged over 60 years. The literature search was conducted across five databases (CINAHL, EMBASE, PubMed, ISI, SPORTdiscus and Science Direct) using a range of search terms and combinations relating to exergaming, balance, exercise, falls and elderly...
April 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271026/impact-of-cognitive-fatigue-on-gait-and-sway-among-older-adults-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Stephanie Grobe, Rumit Singh Kakar, Matthew Lee Smith, Ranjana Mehta, Timothy Baghurst, Ali Boolani
Cognitive fatigue is an alteration in central nervous system (CNS) processing due to prolonged performance of mentally demanding tasks. Decreased gait speed and increased stride length variability have been noted in cognitively fatigued older adults (≥ 65 years). Further, cognitive fatigue may weaken the visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive systems of the CNS, contributing to increased postural sway. Detriments in gait and sway caused by cognitive fatigue could increase fall risk. The objective of this literature review was to evaluate the impact of cognitive fatigue on changes in gait and postural sway and its role in fall risk...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268274/virtual-reality-applications-in-assessing-the-effect-of-anxiety-on-sensorimotor-integration-in-human-postural-control
#15
Christopher Widdowson, Jatin Ganhotra, Mohammed Faizal, Marissa Wilko, Saurin Parikh, Zainulabidin Adhami, Manuel E Hernandez
Falls are a leading cause of injury and mortality among adults over the age of 65 years. Given the strong relation between fear of falling and fall risk, identification of the mechanisms that underlie anxiety-related changes in postural control may pave the way to the development of novel therapeutic strategies aimed at reducing fall risk in older adults. First, we review potential mechanisms underlying anxiety-mediated changes in postural control in older adults with and without neurological conditions. We then present a system that allows for the simultaneous recording of neural, physiological, and behavioral data in an immersive virtual reality (VR) environment while implementing sensory and mechanical perturbations to evaluate alterations in sensorimotor integration under conditions with high postural threat...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264231/-lumbar-degenerative-kyphosis-is-not-byword-for-degenerative-sagittal-imbalance-time-to-replace-a-misconception
#16
REVIEW
Chang-Hyun Lee, Chun Kee Chung, Jee-Soo Jang, Sung-Min Kim, Dong-Kyu Chin, Jung-Kil Lee
Lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) is a subgroup of the flat-back syndrome and is most commonly caused by unique life styles, such as a prolonged crouched posture during agricultural work and performing activities of daily living on the floor. Unfortunately, LDK has been used as a byword for degenerative sagittal imbalance, and this sometimes causes confusion. The aim of this review was to evaluate the exact territory of LDK, and to introduce another appropriate term for degenerative sagittal deformity. Unlike what its name suggests, LDK does not only include sagittal balance disorder of the lumbar spine and kyphosis, but also sagittal balance disorder of the whole spine and little lordosis of the lumbar spine...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262354/effects-of-joint-stabilizers-on-proprioception-and-stability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Matthew Driller, Ishan Ghai
OBJECTIVE: The current review and meta-analysis systematically investigated the effect of joint stabilizers on proprioception, postural stability, and neurological activity. METHODS: Systematic identification of published literature was performed on online databases; Scopus, PEDro, SportDiscus, and EMBASE, followed by a critical PEDro methodological quality appraisal. Data from the studies were extracted and summarized in a tabular format. RESULTS: Of 2954 records, 50 studies, involving 1443 participants met our inclusion criteria...
May 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261110/the-neuroinflammatory-etiopathology-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-me-cfs
#18
Julian A G Glassford
Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) is a debilitating multi-systemic chronic illness of unknown etiology, classified as a neurological disorder by the World Health Organization (WHO). The symptomatology of the condition appears to emanate from a variety of sources of chronic neurological disturbance and associated distortions, and chronicity, in noxious sensory signaling and neuroimmune activation. This article incorporates a summary review and discussion of biomedical research considered relevant to this essential conception perspective...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259768/-18-f-fp-cit-dopamine-transporter-pet-findings-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-parkinsonism
#19
Hui-Jun Yang, Seol Hoon Park, Minjung Seo, Young Cheol Weon, Yangho Kim
We report the clinical features and imaging findings of presynaptic dopamine transporter (DAT) positron emission tomography (PET) in four of patients with liver cirrhosis and concurrent parkinsonism. We also reviewed previously reported cases of cirrhosis-related parkinsonism using dopaminergic molecular imaging. Our results using (18)F-radiolabeled N-(3-fluoropropyl)-2β-carboxymethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane (FP-CIT) DAT PET in four patients with cirrhosis and parkinsonism showed two different molecular imaging patterns well related to their neurological symptoms...
March 1, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254673/cervical-lordosis-the-effect-of-age-and-gender
#20
Ella Been, Sara Shefi, Michalle Soudack
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The cervical lordosis is of great importance to posture and function. Neck pain and disability is often associated with cervical lordosis malalignment. Surgical procedures involving cervical lordosis stabilization or restoration must take into account age and gender differences in cervical lordosis architecture, to avoid further complications. PURPOSE: Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in the cervical lordosis between males and females from childhood to adulthood...
February 27, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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