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Posture review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100071/neck-tongue-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#1
Amy A Gelfand, Hannah Johnson, Marc Ep Lenaerts, Jessica R Litwin, Charles De Mesa, Nikolai Bogduk, Peter J Goadsby
Objective Neck-Tongue syndrome (NTS) is characterized by brief attacks of neck or occipital pain, or both, brought out by abrupt head turning and accompanied by ipsilateral tongue symptoms. As the disorder is rare, we undertook a systematic review of the literature to identify all reported cases in order to phenotype clinically the disorder and subsequently inform clinical diagnostic criteria. Methods Two electronic databases were searched using the search term "neck tongue syndrome". All English language references were reviewed in full...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069258/reference-values-for-human-posture-measurements-based-on-computerized-photogrammetry-a-systematic-review
#2
Ana Freire Macedo Ribeiro, Anke Bergmann, Thiago Lemos, Antônio Guilherme Pacheco, Maitê Mello Russo, Laura Alice Santos de Oliveira, Erika de Carvalho Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to review the literature to identify reference values for angles and distances of body segments related to upright posture in healthy adult women with the Postural Assessment Software (PAS/SAPO). METHODS: Electronic databases (BVS, PubMed, SciELO and Scopus) were assessed using the following descriptors: evaluation, posture, photogrammetry, physical therapy, postural alignment, postural assessment, and physiotherapy...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067120/standing-balance-in-people-with-trans-tibial-amputation-due-to-vascular-causes-a-literature-review
#3
Mayank Seth, Eric Lamberg
BACKGROUND: Balance is an important variable to consider during the rehabilitation process of individuals with trans-tibial amputation. Limited evidence exists on the balance abilities of people with trans-tibial amputation due to vascular causes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review literature and determine if standing balance is diminished in people with trans-tibial amputation due to vascular causes. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057431/advanced-structural-neuroimaging-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-where-do-we-stand
#4
REVIEW
Albert Stezin, Abhishek Lenka, Ketan Jhunjhunwala, Jitender Saini, Pramod K Pal
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by presence of supranuclear gaze palsy, early postural instability, parkinsonism and cognitive impairment. Advanced structural neuroimaging studies have demonstrated variable areas of grey and white matter involvement in PSP. Grey matter (GM) involvement is predominantly reported in the midbrain, subcortical structures such as thalamus and basal ganglia, and cerebellum. Most white matter (WM) tracts are also reported to be damaged in PSP...
December 26, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050266/from-slow-to-fast-hypogravity-induced-remodeling-of-muscle-fiber-myosin-phenotype
#5
B S Shenkman
Skeletal muscle consists of different fiber types arranged in a mosaic pattern. These fiber types are characterized by specific functional properties. Slow-type fibers demonstrate a high level of fatigue resistance and prolonged contraction duration, but decreased maximum contraction force and velocity. Fast-type fibers demonstrate high contraction force and velocity, but profound fatigability. During the last decades, it has been discovered that all these properties are determined by the predominance of slow or fast myosin-heavy-chain (MyHC) isoforms...
October 2016: Acta Naturae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029054/comprehensive-clinical-sitting-balance-measures-for-individuals-following-stroke-a-systematic-review-on-the-methodological-quality
#6
Melissa Birnbaum, Keith Hill, Rita Kinsella, Susan Black, Ross Clark, Kim Brock
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the psychometric properties of published clinical sitting measurement scales containing dynamic tasks in individuals following stroke. METHOD: Databases, including Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, PubMed and Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED) were searched from inception to December 2015. The search strategy included terms relating to sitting, balance and postural control...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009675/effects-of-foot-and-ankle-devices-on-balance-gait-and-falls-in-adults-with-sensory-perception-loss-a-systematic-review
#7
Joanne Paton, Anna L Hatton, Keith Rome, Bridie Kent
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle devices are being developed as a method of preventing people with sensory perception loss sustaining a fall. Such devices are believed to work by reducing the likelihood of a fall by improving the balance and gait of the user. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot and ankle devices for the prevention of falls and the improvement of balance and gait in adults with sensory perception loss. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Participants were community-dwelling adults with bilateral pathological sensory perception loss...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004472/postural-care-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-severely-impaired-motor-function-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Poor postural care can have severe and life-threatening complications. This scoping review aims to map and summarize existing evidence regarding postural care for people with intellectual disabilities and severely impaired motor function. METHOD: Studies were identified via electronic database searches (MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Web of Science) covering January 1990 to March 2016, and email requests to researcher networks. Results were collated via descriptive numerical summary of studies and thematic analysis...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#9
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#10
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992241/the-effect-of-joint-mobilization-on-dynamic-postural-control-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-critically-appraised-topic
#11
Kyle B Kosik, Phillip A Gribble
: Clinical Scenario: Dorsiflexion range of motion is an important factor in the performance of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). While patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) commonly experience decrease reach distances on the SEBT, ankle joint mobilization has been suggested to be an effective therapeutic intervention for targeting dorsiflexion range of motion. CLINICAL QUESTION: What is the evidence to support ankle joint mobilization for improving performance on the SEBT in patients with CAI? Summary of Key Findings: The literature was searched for articles examining the effects of ankle joint mobilization on scores of the SEBT...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977037/a-high-prevalence-of-exotropia-in-patients-with-duane-retraction-syndrome-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-south-india
#12
Manjushree Bhate, Virender Sachdeva, Ramesh Kekunnaya
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of patients with Duane retraction syndrome presenting with exotropia in a tertiary eye care center. METHODS: Medical records of 140 patients with Duane retraction syndrome and exotropia (of the total 441 patients with Duane retraction syndrome) seen from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Characteristics studied included age at presentation, gender, laterality, manifest primary position, abnormal head posture, ocular motility, and overshoots...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942807/neural-control-and-precision-of-flight-muscle-activation-in-drosophila
#13
REVIEW
Fritz-Olaf Lehmann, Jan Bartussek
Precision of motor commands is highly relevant in a large context of various locomotor behaviors, including stabilization of body posture, heading control and directed escape responses. While posture stability and heading control in walking and swimming animals benefit from high friction via ground reaction forces and elevated viscosity of water, respectively, flying animals have to cope with comparatively little aerodynamic friction on body and wings. Although low frictional damping in flight is the key to the extraordinary aerial performance and agility of flying birds, bats and insects, it challenges these animals with extraordinary demands on sensory integration and motor precision...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940505/a-previously-healthy-adolescent-with-acute-encephalopathy-and-decorticate-posturing
#14
Yu Kawai, Andrea G DeMonbrun, Rebecca S Chambers, Danielle A Nolan, Bram A Dolcourt, Nasuh M Malas, Michael W Quasney
A 14-year-old previously healthy female was transferred from a local emergency department after being found unresponsive at home. Parental questioning revealed she had fever and pharyngitis 2 weeks before presentation. Past mental health history was negative, including concern for past or present suicidal ideation/attempts, suspected substance use, or toxic ingestion. In the emergency department, she was orotracheally intubated due to a Glasgow Coma Scale of 3. She was hemodynamically stable and euglycemic...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927572/the-spinopelvic-geometry-in-different-lenke-curve-types-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#15
M Farshad, S Catanzaro, S L Schmid
BACKGROUND: The Lenke classification is well established in differentiation of curve types in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and guides selection of fusion levels. However, to date, it has neglected the spinopelvic parameters that have been associated with compensatory mechanisms in balancing the human erect posture and adjacent segment problems after spinal fusion. The aim of this study was to investigate spinopelvic parameters in different types of AIS curves. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preoperative whole-spine radiographs from 100 patients with AIS were reviewed and the curves were classified according to Lenke...
November 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927020/development-of-a-measure-of-therapy-provision-for-spasticity-management-in-the-paretic-lower-limb-the-leg-therapy-recording-schedule-legts
#16
Stephen Ashford, Diana Jackson, Lynne Turner-Stokes
PURPOSE: In rehabilitation studies, it is critical to understand the constituents of interventions. First, to enable replication of the work and second, to identify what treatments work best. The development of a tool to describe and quantify therapy interventions in the context of focal spasticity management is presented. METHODS: Potential intervention categories were identified from: (a) retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a cohort of patients (n = 62) receiving physical interventions in the context of botulinum toxin (BoNT) injection for leg spasticity and (b) cognitive de-briefing with Patient and Carer Advisory Group (PCAG) of patient and carer dyads (n = 8)...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913445/rate-and-risk-factors-for-the-conversion-of-fovea-on-to-fovea-off-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-while-awaiting-surgery
#17
Andreas Kontos, Tom H Williamson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Progression of a fovea-on to a fovea-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) while awaiting surgery is rare. METHODS: A retrospective review of patient records to identify patients in whom a fovea-on retinal detachment at presentation was found to be fovea off at surgery. RESULTS: We identified 10 cases over 14 years which converted from fovea-on to fovea-off RRD while awaiting surgery. This represented 1.1% of RRDs that were fovea on at presentation (n=930)...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912996/alternative-exercise-traditions-in-cancer-rehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
Kathryn J Ruddy, Daniela L Stan, Anjali Bhagra, Mary Jurisson, Andrea L Cheville
Alternative exercise traditions (AETs) such as Pilates, yoga, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various forms of dance offer the potential to improve diverse outcomes among cancer survivors by reducing adverse symptoms and mood disorders, and by enhancing function. Additionally AETs have emerged as a potential means to address deficits in current disease-focused care delivery models which are marked by prevalent under-treatment of symptoms and physical impairments. Relative to therapeutic exercise in allopathic models, many AETs are comparatively affordable and accessible...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907000/whole-body-vibration-treatments-in-postmenopausal-women-can-improve-bone-mineral-density-results-of-a-stimulus-focussed-meta-analysis
#20
Antonio Fratini, Tecla Bonci, Anthony M J Bull
Whole body vibration treatment is a non-pharmacological intervention intended to stimulate muscular response and increase bone mineral density, particularly for postmenopausal women. The literature related to this topic is controversial, heterogeneous, and unclear despite the prospect of a major clinical effect.The aim of this study was to identify and systematically review the literature to assess the effect of whole body vibration treatments on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women with a specific focus on the experimental factors that influence the stimulus...
2016: PloS One
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