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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207944/incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-exposed-to-the-1959-1961-great-chinese-famine
#1
Dandan He, Yuan Fang, Marc J Gunter, Dongli Xu, Yanping Zhao, Jie Zhou, Hong Fang, Wang Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: The association of malnutrition in early life with breast cancer risk has been studied in Europe by investigating survivors of the Dutch Hunger Winter Famine, but not in China. We evaluated the effect of exposure to the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward famine on subsequent breast cancer risk in Chinese women. METHODS: A total of 59,060 women born in 1955~1966 were recruited from Minhang district, Shanghai, China, during the period 2008 to 2012. A baseline survey was conducted to collect demographic characteristics and known risk factors for breast cancer...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206008/mental-hygiene-in-early-francoism-from-racial-hygiene-to-the-prevention-of-mental-illness-1939-1960
#2
Ricardo Campos, Enric Novella
In this paper, we study the ideological bases of mental hygiene, understood as racial and moral hygiene, during the first years of Franco's regime and their evolution until 1960. First, we discuss the conceptualization of mental hygiene in the 1940s and its role as a tool for the legitimization of dictatorship, revealing the involvement of orthodox Catholicism and its links with moral and racial hygiene. Second, we assess the transformation of mental hygiene during the 1950s towards modernization and a stronger linkage with the dominant trends of contemporary psychiatry without ever leaving the ideological background of Catholicism...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197239/age-at-menarche-in-polish-university-students-born-before-during-and-after-world-war-ii-economic-effects
#3
Grażyna Liczbińska, Zbigniew Czapla, Janusz Piontek, Robert M Malina
Although the relationships between economic conditions and biological variables over the past two centuries in Poland are reasonably well-documented, the influence of economic and political disruptions, including nutritional privation, during the years immediately before, during and shortly after World War II (WWII) has received less attention. This paper considers the association between age at menarche and body size of university students born before, during and after WWII and father's level of education, a commonly used indicator of family economic status in Poland...
November 21, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176083/marston-bates-visionary-environmentalist
#4
Socrates Litsios
Marston Bates (1906-1974) raised questions concerning man's relationship to nature, questions that are of much greater importance today than they were during his lifetime. He began his career with the Rockefeller Foundation as a mosquito expert, and by 1955 he had established himself as one of the key players in the field of human ecology through a series of publications that brought together in a clear and readable style the complexities involved in understanding human ecology. This article traces Bates's development and discusses how the Foundation failed to engage the subject of human ecology, even at a time when it recognized its critical importance to humankind...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168897/early-socioeconomic-conditions-and-severe-tooth-loss-in-middle-aged-costa-ricans
#5
Romain Fantin, Cyrille Delpierre, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Cristina Barboza Solís
OBJECTIVE: A wide literature shows a strong social gradient in tooth loss according to income, education and occupation, in both developed and developing countries. It has been shown associations between tooth loss and parental education and occupation, independently of adult conditions. To explore the role of early socioeconomic circumstances on tooth loss, we used a lifecourse model. We analysed the direct and indirect links between early socioeconomic conditions and severe adult tooth loss...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161066/increasing-prescription-opioid-and-heroin-overdose-mortality-in-the-united-states-1999-2014-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#6
Xiwen Huang, Katherine M Keyes, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess cohort effects in prescription opioid and heroin overdose mortality in the United States. METHODS: Using the National Center for Health Statistics' multiple-cause-of-death file for 1999 to 2014, we performed an age-period-cohort analysis of drug overdose mortality in the United States. RESULTS: Compared with those born in 1977 and 1978, individuals born between 1947 and 1964 experienced excess risks of prescription opioid overdose death (e...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153158/a-100-year-review-metabolic-modifiers-in-dairy-cattle-nutrition
#7
R K McGuffey
The first issue of the Journal of Dairy Science in 1917 opened with the text of the speech by Raymond A. Pearson, president of the Iowa State College of Agriculture, at the dedication of the new dairy building at the University of Nebraska (J. Dairy Sci. 1:4-18, 1917). Fittingly, this was the birth of a new research facility and more importantly, the beginning of a new journal devoted to the sciences of milk production and manufacture of products from milk. Metabolic modifiers of dairy cow metabolism enhance, change, or interfere with normal metabolic processes in the ruminant digestive tract or alter postabsorption partitioning of nutrients among body tissues...
December 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151098/the-alice-in-wonderland-syndrome
#8
Douglas J Lanska, John R Lanska
In 1955, English psychiatrist John Todd defined the Alice-in-Wonderland syndrome (AIWS) as self-experienced paroxysmal body-image illusions involving distortions of the size, mass, or shape of the patient's own body or its position in space, often accompanied by depersonalization and/or derealization. AIWS had been described by American Neurologist Caro Lippman in 1952, but Todd's report was the most influential. Todd named the syndrome for the perceptual disorder of altered body image experienced by the protagonist in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson)...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142268/influence-of-large-reservoir-operation-on-water-levels-and-flows-in-reaches-below-dam-case-study-of-the-three-gorges-reservoir
#9
Yunping Yang, Mingjin Zhang, Lingling Zhu, Wanli Liu, Jianqiao Han, Yanhua Yang
The Three Gorges Project (TGP) is the world's largest water conservation project. The post-construction low-flow water level at the same discharge below the dam has declined, but there remains disagreement over whether the flood level has increased. Measured water levels and upstream and downstream flow data from 1955 to 2016 show that, post-construction: (1) the low-flow water level at the same discharge decreased, and the lowest water level increased due to dry-season reservoir discharge; (2) the decline of the low-flow water level below the dam was less than the undercutting value of the flow channel of the river; (3) the flood level at the same discharge below the dam was slightly elevated, although peak water levels decreased; (4) flood characteristics changed from a high discharge-high flood level to a medium discharge - high flood level; and (5) an expected decline in the flood level downstream was not observed...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140586/annual-global-mean-temperature-explains-reproductive-success-in-a-marine-vertebrate-from-1955-2010
#10
Robert A Mauck, Donald C Dearborn, Charles E Huntington
The salient feature of anthropogenic climate change over the last century has been the rise in global mean temperature. However, global mean temperature is not used as an explanatory variable in studies of population-level response to climate change, perhaps because the signal to noise ratio of this gross measure makes its effect difficult to detect in any but the longest of datasets. Using a population of Leach's storm-petrels breeding in the Bay of Fundy, we tested whether local, regional, or global temperature measures are the best index of reproductive success in the face of climate change in species that travel widely between and within seasons...
November 15, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139331/kinematic-modeling-of-a-7-degree-of-freedom-spatial-hybrid-manipulator-for-medical-surgery
#11
Amanpreet Singh, Ekta Singla, Sanjeev Soni, Ashish Singla
The prime objective of this work is to deal with the kinematics of spatial hybrid manipulators. In this direction, in 1955, Denavit and Hartenberg proposed a consistent and concise method, known as D-H parameters method, to deal with kinematics of open serial chains. From literature review, it is found that D-H parameter method is widely used to model manipulators consisting of lower pairs. However, the method leads to ambiguities when applied to closed-loop, tree-like and hybrid manipulators. Furthermore, in the dearth of any direct method to model closed-loop, tree-like and hybrid manipulators, revisions of this method have been proposed from time-to-time by different researchers...
November 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134943/phylogenomic-analysis-of-balantidium-ctenopharyngodoni-ciliophora-litostomatea-based-on-single-cell-transcriptome-sequencing
#12
Zongyi Sun, Chuanqi Jiang, Jinmei Feng, Wentao Yang, Ming Li, Wei Miao
In this paper, we present transcriptome data for Balantidium ctenopharyngodoni Chen, 1955 collected from the hindgut of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). We evaluated sequence quality and de novo assembled a preliminary transcriptome, including 43.3 megabits and 119,141 transcripts. Then we obtained a final transcriptome, including 17.7 megabits and 35,560 transcripts, by removing contaminative and redundant sequences. Phylogenomic analysis based on a supermatrix with 132 genes comprising 53,873 amino acid residues and phylogenetic analysis based on SSU rDNA of 27 species were carried out herein to reveal the evolutionary relationships among six ciliate groups: Colpodea, Oligohymenophorea, Litostomatea, Spirotrichea, Heterotrichea and Protocruziida...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134040/revision-of-the-west-palaearctic-polistes-latreille-with-the-descriptions-of-two-species-an-integrative-approach-using-morphology-and-dna-barcodes-hymenoptera-vespidae
#13
Christian Schmid-Egger, Kees van Achterberg, Rainer Neumeyer, Jérôme Morinière, Stefan Schmidt
The genus Polistes is revised for the West Palaearctic region based on morphology and DNA barcodes. The revision includes all known West Palaearctic species, raising the number of species in Europe to 14 and to 17 for the West Palaearctic realm. DNA barcodes were recovered from 15 species, 14 of which belong to the subgenus Polistes, and one, P. wattii, to the subgenus Gyrostoma. An integrative taxonomic approach combining morphology and molecular data (DNA barcoding) was employed to resolve longstanding taxonomic problems in this group...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134013/southern-ocean-echinoids-database-an-updated-version-of-antarctic-sub-antarctic-and-cold-temperate-echinoid-database
#14
Salomé Fabri-Ruiz, Thomas Saucède, Bruno Danis, Bruno David
This database includes over 7,100 georeferenced occurrence records of sea urchins (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) obtained from samples collected in the Southern Ocean (+180°W/+180°E; -35°/-78°S) during oceanographic cruises led over 150 years, from 1872 to 2015. Echinoids are common organisms of Southern Ocean benthic communities. A total of 201 species is recorded, which display contrasting depth ranges and distribution patterns across austral provinces and bioregions. Echinoid species show various ecological traits including different nutrition and reproductive strategies...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118634/the-collection-of-birds-from-mozambique-at-the-instituto-de-investiga%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-cient%C3%A3-fica-tropical-of-the-university-of-lisbon-portugal
#15
Miguel Monteiro, Rui Figueira, Martim Melo, Michael Stuart Lyne Mills, Pedro Beja, Cristiane Bastos-Silveira, Manuela Ramos, Diana Rodrigues, Isabel Queirós Neves, Susana Consciência, Luís Reino
The Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical of the University of Lisbon, which resulted from the recent merger (in 2015) of the former state laboratory Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical in the University of Lisbon, holds an important collection of bird skins from the Portuguese-speaking African Countries (Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde), gathered as a result of several scientific expeditions made during the colonial period. In this paper, the subset from Mozambique is described, which was taxonomically revised and georeferenced...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118596/revision-of-torrent-mites-parasitengona-torrenticolidae-torrenticola-of-the-united-states-and-canada-90-descriptions-molecular-phylogenetics-and-a-key-to-species
#16
J Ray Fisher, Danielle M Fisher, Michael J Skvarla, Whitney A Nelson, Ashley P G Dowling
The descriptive biology of torrent mites (Parasitengona: Torrenticolidae: Torrenticola) of North America (north of Mexico) is investigated using integrative methods. Material examined includes approximately 2,300 specimens from nearly 500 localities across the United States and Canada, and a few collections in Mexico and Central America. Species hypotheses are derived from a phylogenetic analysis of the barcoding region of cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) for 476 specimens and supported with morphology and biogeography...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118590/contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-neanurinae-of-vietnam-with-description-of-three-new-species-collembola-neanuridae
#17
Adrian Smolis
Detailed and illustrated descriptions of three new species belonging to the tribe Lobellini from Vietnam are given. Lobellina weineraesp. n. is the most similar to L. minuta (Lee, 1980) and L. musangensis Yosii, 1976, but differs from them in chaetotaxic details and the number of mandibular teeth. Lobellina pomorskiisp. n. differs from L. perfusionides (Stach, 1965) in chaetotaxic details and the number of tubercles on Abd.V. Yuukianura deharvengisp. n. is superficially similar to Y. halophila Yosii, 1955, but it differs in the build of the maxilla, the size of eyes and an inner tooth on the claw, and in chaetotaxic details...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094369/effect-of-inter-twin-delivery-interval-on-umbilical-artery-ph-and-apgar-score-in-the-second-twin
#18
Alon Tal, Hadar Peretz, Gali Garmi, Noah Zafran, Shabtai Romano, Raed Salim
BACKGROUND: To examine the effect of inter-twin delivery interval on umbilical artery pH and Apgar score of the second twin after vaginal delivery of the first twin. METHODS: Retrospective study conducted at a single teaching hospital. All pregnant women with twin gestation who delivered the first twin vaginally at more than 24 weeks between 1995 and 2015 were included. Major malformations and intrauterine deaths of one or both twins were excluded. Women were divided into those who had an inter-twin delivery interval of less than 30 minutes (group 1) or 30 minutes or more (group 2)...
November 2, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093357/gastroduodenal-ulcers-and-abo-blood-group-the-japan-nurses-health-study-jnhs
#19
Lobna Alkebsi, Yuki Ideno, Jung-Su Lee, Shosuke Suzuki, Junko Nakajima-Shimada, Hiroshi Ohnishi, Yasunori Sato, Kunihiko Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have shown that blood type O is associated with increased risk of peptic ulcer, few studies have investigated these associations in Japan. We sought to investigate the association between the ABO blood group and risk of gastroduodenal ulcers (GDU) using combined analysis of both retrospective and prospective data from a large cohort study of Japanese women, the Japan Nurses' Health Study (JNHS; n = 15,019). METHODS: The impact of the ABO blood group on GDU risk was examined using Cox regression analysis to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), with adjustment for potential confounders...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093312/seasonality-and-geographical-distribution-of-tsutsugamushi-diseases-in-japan-analysis-of-the-trends-since-1955-till-2014
#20
Hiroshi Yoshikura
  Data concerning the seasonality and geographical location of tsutsugamushi disease (TD) in Japan from 1955 till 2014 were compiled. After disappearance of the "classical" TD in mid-1960, there was a long near vacuum. Then, in 1975, TD epidemic with October-December seasonality emerged in southern prefectures, and in 1979 that with May-June seasonality in northern prefectures. The current TD epidemic could be classified according to seasonality and geography into three types; a large October-December epidemic with negligibly small May-June epidemic in southern part of Japan, a large May-June epidemic with middle-sized October-December epidemic on the Pacific Ocean Coast of northern Japan, and a large epidemic in May-June with negligibly small October-December epidemic on the Japan Sea Coast of northern Japan...
October 31, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
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