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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228842/worldwide-malaria-incidence-and-cancer-mortality-are-inversely-associated
#1
Li Qin, Changzhong Chen, Lili Chen, Ran Xue, Ming Ou-Yang, Chengzhi Zhou, Siting Zhao, Zhengxiang He, Yu Xia, Jianxing He, Pinghua Liu, Nanshan Zhong, Xiaoping Chen
BACKGROUND: Investigations on the effects of malaria infection on cancer mortality are limited except for the incidence of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) in African children. Our previous murine lung cancer model study demonstrated that malaria infection significantly inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the life span of tumor-bearing mice. This study aims to assess the possible associations between malaria incidence and human cancer mortality. METHODS: We compiled data on worldwide malaria incidence and age-standardized mortality related to 30 types of cancer in 56 countries for the period 1955-2008, and analyzed their longitudinal correlations by a generalized additive mixed model (GAMM), adjusted for a nonlinear year effect and potential confounders such as country's income levels, life expectancies and geographical locations...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228675/new-species-of-habronattus-and-pellenes-jumping-spiders-araneae-salticidae-harmochirina
#2
Wayne P Maddison
The harmochirine jumping spiders include the New World Habronattus, notable for their complex courtship displays, and Pellenes, found throughout the Old World and North America. Five new species of Habronattus and one new species of Pellenes are here described from North America: Habronattus aestus, sp. n., Habronattus chamelasp. n., Habronattus empyrussp. n., Habronattus luminosussp. n., Habronattus robertisp. n., and Pellenes canadensissp. n. For each of the new species, photographs of living specimens are given, as well as notes on habitat...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222727/developing-global-maps-of-insecticide-resistance-risk-to-improve-vector-control
#3
Michael Coleman, Janet Hemingway, Katherine Ann Gleave, Antoinette Wiebe, Peter W Gething, Catherine L Moyes
BACKGROUND: Significant reductions in malaria transmission have been achieved over the last 15 years with elimination occurring in a small number of countries, however, increasing drug and insecticide resistance threatens these gains. Insecticide resistance has decreased the observed mortality to the most commonly used insecticide class, the pyrethroids, and the number of alternative classes approved for use in public health is limited. Disease prevention and elimination relies on operational control of Anopheles malaria vectors, which requires the deployment of effective insecticides...
February 21, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209409/interplay-between-river-dynamics-and-international-borders-the-hirmand-river-between-iran-and-afghanistan
#5
Saleh Yousefi, Saskia Keesstra, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Nicola Surian, Somayeh Mirzaee
Fluvial dynamics in riverine borders can play an important role in political relationships between countries. Rivers move and evolve under the influence of natural processes and external drivers (e.g. land use change in river catchments). The Hirmand River is an important riverine border between Iran and Afghanistan. The present study shows the evolution and lateral shifting of the Hirmand River along the international border (25.6km) over a period of 6 decades (1955-2015). Seven data series of aerial photos, topographic maps and Landsat images were used to analyze land cover and channel changes in the study reach...
February 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199894/height-and-blood-chemistry-in-adults-with-a-history-of-developmental-arsenic-poisoning-from-contaminated-milk-powder
#6
Takashi Yorifuji, Kenichi Matsuoka, Philippe Grandjean
BACKGROUND: Arsenic poisoning interferes with bone metabolism in laboratory animal studies, and human studies suggest lowered bone mass density at elevated exposures. As the long-term consequences of developmental arsenic toxicity are poorly known, we carried out a clinical pilot study of survivors of the mass arsenic poisoning of bottle-fed infants in Japan in 1955. OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to evaluate the association between developmental arsenic exposure and physical stature and routine blood chemistry reflecting major organ functions more than 50 years later...
February 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196502/regional-variation-in-suicide-rates-in-sri-lanka-between-1955-and-2011-a-spatial-and-temporal-analysis
#7
Duleeka W Knipe, Prianka Padmanathan, Lal Muthuwatta, Chris Metcalfe, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Between 1955 and 2011 there were marked fluctuations in suicide rates in Sri Lanka; incidence increased six-fold between 1955 and the 1980s, and halved in the early 21st century. Changes in access to highly toxic pesticides are thought to have influenced this pattern. This study investigates variation in suicide rates across Sri Lanka's 25 districts between 1955 and 2011. We hypothesised that changes in the incidence of suicide would be most marked in rural areas due to the variation in availability of highly toxic pesticides in these locations during this time period...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192643/associations-between-substance-use-disorders-and-suicide-or-suicide-attempts-in-people-with-mental-illness-a-danish-nationwide-prospective-register-based-study-of-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-unipolar-depression-or-personality-disorder
#8
Marie L D Østergaard, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
AIM: To estimate and test associations between substance use disorders (SUDs) and both completed suicides and suicide attempts in a population with severe mental illness. DESIGN: Register-based cohort study with adjusted Cox regression of substance use disorders as time-varying covariates. SETTING: Denmark. PARTICIPANTS: People born in Denmark since 1955 with a diagnosis of schizophrenia (n = 35,625), bipolar disorder (n = 9,279), depression (n = 72,530), or personality disorder (n = 63,958)...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192118/prg4-expression-in-myxoid-liposarcoma-maintains-tumor-cell-growth-through-suppression-of-an-antitumor-cytokine-il-24
#9
Kosuke Oikawa, Anna Mizusaki, Masakatsu Takanashi, Takashi Ozaki, Fuyuki Sato, Masahiko Kuroda, Yasuteru Muragaki
PRG4 is one of the downstream molecules of the myxoid liposarcoma (MLS)-specific fusion oncoproteins TLS-CHOP and EWS-CHOP. Exogenous PRG4 expression increases the tumorigenicity of cells injected in nude mice. The molecular functions of PRG4 in tumorigenesis and/or tumor progression of MLS cells, however, still remain unclear. In this report, we demonstrated that siRNA-mediated knockdown of PRG4 suppressed the growth of the MLS-derived cell lines 1955/91 and 2645/94. In addition, PRG4 knockdown promoted adipocytic differentiation in 1955/91 cells...
February 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183099/afrotropical-i-limnophora-i-robineau-desvoidy-diptera-muscidae-with-the-description-of-four-new-species
#10
Márcia Couri, Adrian Pont
All the Afrotopical Limnophora Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera, Muscidae) deposited in the Natural History Museum, London (United Kingdom) were analyzed, including the types of the species described by Emden, mainly from the British Museum (Natural History) Ruwenzori Expedition of 1934-1935. Diagnoses and notes on all the species recorded from the Afrotropical region are given, together with illustrations of the male terminalia (when sufficient material was available), some of which are given for the first time...
January 11, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183098/sponges-of-the-guyana-shelf
#11
Rob W M VAN Soest
Sponges collected on the Guyana Shelf, predominantly in Suriname offshore waters, by Dutch HMS 'Snellius' O.C.P.S. 1966, HMS 'Luymes' O.C.P.S. II 1969, and HMS 'Luymes' Guyana Shelf 1970 expeditions are described in this study. Sponges were obtained by trawling, dredging or grabbing on sandy, muddy, shelly, and fossil reef bottoms at 88 stations between 19 and 681 m depth. A total of 351 samples were identified to species level, each consisting of one or more specimens of a given species from each individual station (together comprising 547 individuals and fragments)...
January 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159315/moral-empiricism-and-the-bias-for-act-based-rules
#12
Alisabeth Ayars, Shaun Nichols
Previous studies on rule learning show a bias in favor of act-based rules, which prohibit intentionally producing an outcome but not merely allowing the outcome. Nichols, Kumar, Lopez, Ayars, and Chan (2016) found that exposure to a single sample violation in which an agent intentionally causes the outcome was sufficient for participants to infer that the rule was act-based. One explanation is that people have an innate bias to think rules are act-based. We suggest an alternative empiricist account: since most rules that people learn are act-based, people form an overhypothesis (Goodman, 1955) that rules are typically act-based...
January 31, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159121/mode-of-delivery-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-and-their-attitudes-towards-caesarean-section
#13
Maria Sahlin, Ellika Andolf, Gunnar Edman, Ingela Wiklund
BACKGROUND: A knowledge gap exists around midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery in comparison to the general population, and if their personal experience influences their attitudes towards different modes of delivery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery compared to the population at large. The second aim was to see if their mode of delivery had been influenced by the expanded indications for caesarean section as described in medical literature...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154100/stroke-caused-by-atherosclerosis-of-the-major-intracranial-arteries
#14
Chirantan Banerjee, Marc I Chimowitz
Our goal in this review is to discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of stroke caused by atherosclerosis of the major intracranial arteries. References for the review were identified by searching PubMed for related studies published from 1955 to June 2016 using search terms intracranial stenosis and intracranial atherosclerosis. Reference sections of published randomized clinical trials and previously published reviews were searched for additional references. Intracranial atherosclerotic disease is a highly prevalent cause of stroke that is associated with a high risk of recurrent stroke...
February 3, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138302/a-reassessment-on-the-state-of-knowledge-of-chilean-falconidae-in-the-last-hundred-years
#15
REVIEW
Ricardo Soto-Saravia, Víctor Hugo Ruiz, Alfonso Benítez-Mora, Margarita Marchant, Emmanuel Vega-Román
Eight species of falcons (Falconidae) have been recorded in Chile. To date, all relevant studies considered birds of prey in general, with no specific focus on this family. Based on a comprehensive review of the literature, an updated report is presented on the state of knowledge of falcons in Chile. This data set comprises a total of 165 studies published from 1915 to 2015. Scientific productivity was lowest in 1945-1955 and highest in 2005-2015, with a steady increase since 1985. However, the focus of research in Chile is biased towards two species: Milvago chimango and Falco sparverius...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114601/risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-among-individuals-with-the-22q11-2-deletion-or-duplication-a-danish-nationwide-register-based-study
#16
Louise K Hoeffding, Betina B Trabjerg, Line Olsen, Wiktor Mazin, Thomas Sparsø, Anders Vangkilde, Preben B Mortensen, Carsten B Pedersen, Thomas Werge
Importance: Microdeletions and duplications have been described at the 22q11.2 locus. However, little is known about the clinical and epidemiologic consequences at the population level. Objective: To identify indicators of deletions or duplications at the 22q11.2 locus and estimate the incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and absolute risk for psychiatric disorders in clinically identified individuals with 22q11.2 deletion or duplication. Design, Setting, and Participants: A Danish nationwide register study including all individuals recorded in the Danish Cytogenetic Central Register with a 22q11...
January 18, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098531/changing-epidemiology-of-human-brucellosis-china-1955-2014
#17
Shengjie Lai, Hang Zhou, Weiyi Xiong, Marius Gilbert, Zhuojie Huang, Jianxing Yu, Wenwu Yin, Liping Wang, Qiulan Chen, Yu Li, Di Mu, Lingjia Zeng, Xiang Ren, Mengjie Geng, Zike Zhang, Buyun Cui, Tiefeng Li, Dali Wang, Zhongjie Li, Nicola A Wardrop, Andrew J Tatem, Hongjie Yu
Brucellosis, a zoonotic disease, was made statutorily notifiable in China in 1955. We analyzed the incidence and spatial-temporal distribution of human brucellosis during 1955-2014 in China using notifiable surveillance data: aggregated data for 1955-2003 and individual case data for 2004-2014. A total of 513,034 brucellosis cases were recorded, of which 99.3% were reported in northern China during 1955-2014, and 69.1% (258, 462/374, 141) occurred during February-July in 1990-2014. Incidence remained high during 1955-1978 (interquartile range 0...
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095771/the-100-most-cited-articles-on-aortic-dissection
#18
Ping Lai, Yuan-Hui Liu, Jin-Hua Xue, Peng-Cheng He, Yue-Qun Qiu
BACKGROUND: To identify and characterize the most frequently cited articles that have been published on aortic dissection. METHODS: A list of the 100 most frequently cited publications (T100) about aortic dissection was generated by performing a searching of the Science Citation Index--Expanded using "aortic dissection" as the search term. Basic information about the articles was recorded, including number of citations, journal title, journal impact factor, time since publication, first author's country, topic/subspecialty of the research, and publication type...
January 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089982/fragility-fractures-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-cardiovascular-events-in-women-and-men-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-study
#19
Orla Ni Mhuircheartaigh, Cynthia S Crowson, Sherine E Gabriel, Veronique L Roger, L Joseph Melton, Shreyasee Amin
OBJECTIVE: Women and men with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk for fragility fractures and cardiovascular disease (CVD), each of which has been reported to contribute to excess morbidity and mortality in these patients. Fragility fractures share similar risk factors for CVD but may occur at relatively younger ages in patients with RA. We aimed to determine whether a fragility fracture predicts the development of CVD in women and men with RA. METHODS: We studied a population-based cohort with incident RA from 1955 to 2007 and compared it with age- and sex-matched non-RA subjects...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079822/successfully-treated-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-by-open-fetal-surgery-a-care-compliant-case-report-of-a-5-year-follow-up-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Rui Wang, Yi Huang, Yao Fu, Wen Ai, Meng Zeng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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