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Mei-Hwan Wu, Chun-Wei Lu, Hui-Chi Chen, Feng-Yu Kao, San-Kuei Huang
BACKGROUND: The adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population will grow with medical advances, but data are limited. We investigated the epidemiological profile of ACHD in Taiwan, a country with a congenital heart disease program since 1955, population of 23 million, and easily accessible high-standard medical care. METHODS AND RESULTS: ACHD patients, born after 1954, were identified from the nationwide database 2000-2014. The ACHD prevalence in the population aged 18 to 59 was 140...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
C H Mazzetti, N Hock, S Taylor, J Lemaitre, K Crener, E Lebrun
In 1955, Allen and Masters describe a painful syndrome which associates traumatic delivery to laceration found on the posterior leaf of the broad ligament. Herniation through this defect is a rare entity, accounted for about 4-7% of all internal hernias. Normally, it involves the small bowel. The authors present the case of a multiparous woman admitted at emergency for constipation and abdominal pain. The CT scan showed an extremely rare case of internal hernia of the sigmoid colon, fallopian tube and left ovary through a large defect of the broad ligament...
February 12, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Kirstine Bro Jørgensen, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder is highly prevalent in people with psychiatric disorders, and known to impede the psychiatric treatment. Some studies show increased rates of service use, while others show a decrease. These conflicting results are further hampered by a lack of large-scale studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between substance use disorder and psychiatric service use in psychiatric patients. METHODS: The study was a prospective registry-based cohort study including patients with severe mental illness...
February 12, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Patrizia Chiusolo, Gesine Bug, Attilio Olivieri, Mats Brune, Nicola Mordini, Paolo Emilio Alessandrino, Alida Dominietto, Anna Maria Raiola, Carmen Di Grazia, Francesca Gualandi, Maria Teresa Van Lint, Felicetto Ferrara, Olimpia Finizio, Emanuele Angelucci, Andrea Bacigalupo
We are reporting a modified post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) regimen, for unmanipulated haploidentical marrow transplants (HAPLO), in 150 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). All patients received a myeloablative regimen, cyclosporine (CsA) on day 0, mycophenolate on day +1, and PT-CY 50 mg/kg, on days +3 and +5. The median age was 51 years (17-74), 51 patients (34%) had active disease at transplant, and the median follow up of surviving patients 903 days (150-1955). The cumulative incidence (CI) of engraftment, acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) grade II-IV and moderate/severe chronic GvHD was respectively 92%, 17% and 15%...
February 5, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Gajendra Tomar, Tulika Joshi, Alex Varghes, Suresh Sasidharan, Moolraj R Kural
Aims and Objectives: To determine the correlation of antioxidant system and reactive oxygen species with clinical parameters in infertile semen samples. Materials and Methods: Semen sample of fifty infertile men were divided into three groups: (1) Group I - Normospermic (count >15 million/ml), Group II - Asthenospermic (motility <32%), and Group III - Oligospermic (counts <15 million/ml) subjects based on the sperm count and sperm motility. The samples were also divided into two groups: (1) Group IV with semen pH >7...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Camiel Doorenweerd, Luc Leblanc, Allen L Norrbom, Michael San Jose, Daniel Rubinoff
The correct application of the scientific names of species is neither easy nor trivial. Mistakes can lead to the wrong interpretation of research results or, when pest species are involved, inappropriate regulations and limits on trade, and possibly quarantine failures that permit the invasion of new pest species. Names are particularly challenging to manage when groups of organisms encompass a large number of species, when different workers employ different philosophical views, or when species are in a state of taxonomic flux...
2018: ZooKeys
Caitlin Stafford, Todd Francone, Patricia L Roberts, Rocco Ricciardi
BACKGROUND: Opioid-related deaths have increased substantially over the last 10 years placing clinician's prescription practices under intense scrutiny. Given the substantial risk of opioid dependency after colorectal surgery, we sought to analyze risk of postoperative prolonged opioid use after colorectal resections. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2014, patients undergoing abdominopelvic procedure with intestinal resection at a tertiary care facility were retrospectively identified...
February 6, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Anjali Prasad, Meghana R K Helder, Brian D Lahr, Joseph A Dearani, Kevin L Greason, Alberto Pochettino, Kenneth J Warrington, Heidi M Connolly, Nandan S Anavekar, Hartzell V Schaff
BACKGROUND: Patients with active aortitis who undergo repair of ascending aortic aneurysms have an increased risk of late reoperation and decreased late survival. We aimed to determine the reasons for these poor outcomes and the influence of medical management. METHODS: We reviewed records of 186 patients (median age, 73.9 years; 120 women) with noninfectious aortitis after elective ascending aortic aneurysm repair (January 1955 through December 2012). Landmark analysis was used to compare outcomes in patients with isolated aortitis versus with systemic sequelae of aortitis along with outcomes of treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs)...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Charlotte Paul, Katrina J Sharples, Judith Baranyai, Ronald W Jones, David Cg Skegg
BACKGROUND: An unethical clinical study that entailed withholding treatment from women diagnosed with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3) was conducted at National Women's Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. Women with microinvasive carcinoma of the cervix also had treatment withheld. AIMS: To describe the management and outcomes for women with microinvasive carcinoma for many of whom conventional treatment was withheld. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of women with a diagnosis of stage 1A cervical carcinoma at National Women's Hospital...
February 6, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Ellen Visser, Johan Arends, Gerdina H M Pijnenborg, Lex Wunderink, Frederike Jörg, Wim Veling, Edith J Liemburg, Stynke Castelein, Henderikus Knegtering, Richard Bruggeman
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychotic disorders are at risk of developing mental health and social problems, and physical disorders. To monitor and treat these problems when indicated, an annual routine outcome monitoring program, Pharmacotherapy Monitoring and Outcome Survey (PHAMOUS), was developed. This paper presents the background and content of PHAMOUS, implementation of PHAMOUS, characteristics of the patients screened in 2015, and the outcome of patients with three annual screenings between 2011 and 2015...
January 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
M Saadeh, J G Ghafari, R V Haddad, F Ayoub
BACKGROUND: The use of the palatal rugae in forensic odontology is based on their unique and individual characteristics. Few studies have assessed the palatal rugae in Mediterranean populations and none in the Lebanese population. OBJECTIVE: Assess the shape and other morphological features of the palatal rugae in a Lebanese adult population, and compare them with reported similar features in other populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rugae characteristics were assessed on the maxillary dental casts of 217 non-growing subjects (95 males, 122 females, age 25...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
J Lau, H A Elhassan, N Singh
OBJECTIVE: Intranasal splints have long been utilised as a post-operative adjunct in septoplasty, intended to reduce the risk of adhesions and haematoma formation, and to maintain alignment during healing. METHODS: A Medline literature review of the history and evolution of intranasal splint materials and designs was performed. Advantages and disadvantages of various splints are discussed. RESULTS: Intranasal splints fashioned from X-ray film were first reported in 1955...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Shelly Bolotin, Jordan J Feld, Gary Garber, William W L Wong, Fiona M Guerra, Tony Mazzulli
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most burdensome infectious illness in Canada. Current screening strategies miss a significant proportion of cases, leaving many undiagnosed. Elevated HCV prevalence in those born between 1945 and 1965 has prompted calls for birth-cohort screening in this group. However, Canada lacks population-level data to support this recommendation. We performed a serosurvey to obtain population-based HCV prevalence estimates in Ontario residents born between 1945-1974, to generate evidence for birth-cohort screening recommendations...
2018: PloS One
Xuemei Wang, Pengfei Huang, Xiaomin Ma, Xinzhen Du, Xiaoquan Lu
Novel magnetic mesoporous molecularly imprinted polymers (MMIPs) were prepared based on surface precipitation polymerization using Triclosan (TCS) as template and methacrylic acid as functional monomer. The synthesized MMIPs-TCS were applied to the adsorbent of magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) coupled with HPLC for the enrichment and determination of TCS. The MMIPs-TCS were characterized by fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption transmission, and vibrating sample magnetometry...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Weifeng Liang, Xu Gu, Xue Li, Kangjun Zhang, Kejian Wu, Miaomiao Pang, Jianhua Dong, Hunter R Merrill, Tao Hu, Kun Liu, Zhongjun Shao, Hong Yan
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a major rodent-borne zoonosis. Each year worldwide, 60,000-100,000 HFRS human cases are reported in more than seventy countries with almost 90% these cases occurring in China. Shaanxi Province in China has been among the most seriously affected areas since 1955. During 2009-2013, Shaanxi reported 11,400 human cases, the most of all provinces in China. Furthermore, the epidemiological features of HFRS have changed over time. Using long-term data of HFRS from 2005 to 2016, we carried out this retrospective epidemiological study combining ecological assessment models in Shaanxi...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ronald H M A Bartels, Jan Goffin
Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) is a very well-known and often-performed procedure in the practice of spine surgeons. The earliest descriptions of the technique have always been attributed to Cloward, Smith, and Robinson. However, in the French literature, this procedure was also described by others during the exact same time period (in the 1950s). At a meeting in Paris in 1955, Belgians Albert Dereymaeker and Joseph Cyriel Mulier, a neurosurgeon and an orthopedic surgeon, respectively, described the technique that involved an anterior cervical discectomy and the placement of an iliac crest graft in the intervertebral disc space...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
Daniela Piontek, Ludwig Kraus
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several indicators suggest that the extent and trends of alcohol-related mortality differ between East and West Germany. Regional drinking patterns and differences in health care systems are assumed to affect the risk of dying from an alcohol-induced disease. The study addresses two questions: (1) What are the unbiased and independent age, period, and cohort effects on alcohol-related mortality trends in Germany? (2) Do these trends differ between East and West Germany? METHODS: Data on alcohol-related mortality for East and West Germany came from the national causes of deaths register for the years 1980 to 2014...
January 10, 2018: Addiction
Tuomas Kakko, Tuula Salo, Maria K Siponen
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease with uncertain etiology. It occurs as white plaque-like lesions mostly in the anogenital skin. Oral mucosal involvement is extremely rare. This study aims to summarize the features of published oral lichen sclerosus (OLS) and two new cases. A systematic search of the English literature from 1955 to 2016 was performed in MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science, and cross-references were searched manually. Search phrases included "lichen sclerosus," "mouth," "oral," "lip," "palate," "floor of mouth," "tongue," "gingiva," "buccal mucosa," and "mouth diseases...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
André Roth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Strabismus
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