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P Vijayakumar, K M Wheelock, S Kobes, R G Nelson, R L Hanson, W C Knowler, M Sinha
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most studies describing childhood obesity in the United States are based on cross-sectional surveys and do not include substantial numbers of American Indians (AI). Secular trends in height and weight reflect general health status. This study describes weight trends and transitions among AI children over a 43-year period. METHODS: Anthropometric data were obtained from a prospective study conducted in a southwestern US AI population (1965 through 2007)...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
Sergio I Salazar-Vallejo
Wesenbergia Hartman, 1955 (Annelida, Hesionidae) is both preoccupied and a junior homonym of Wesenbergia Kryger, 1943 (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae), and must be renamed. Elisesionenom. n. is proposed as a replacement name, derived from the combination of the first name of the discoverer, Elise Wesenberg-Lund, and Hesione Savigny in Lamarck, 1818. Elisesione mezianeisp. n., is described from the Wallis and Futuna islands (southwest Pacific). A key to separate Elisesione mezianeisp. n. from its congener Elisesione problematica (Wesenberg-Lund, 1950) is included; further, the record of Elisesione problematica for Japan should be regarded as a distinct species because it has palps shorter than antennae (subequal in the type species), and shorter neurochaetal blades (7-9 times longer than wide vs 8-12 times longer than wide in the type species)...
2016: ZooKeys
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Charlène Guillaumot, Alexis Martin, Salomé Fabri-Ruiz, Marc Eléaume, Thomas Saucède
The present dataset provides a case study for species distribution modelling (SDM) and for model testing in a poorly documented marine region. The dataset includes spatially-explicit data for echinoid (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) distribution. Echinoids were collected during oceanographic campaigns led around the Kerguelen Plateau (+63°/+81°E; -46°/-56°S) since 1872. In addition to the identification of collection specimens from historical cruises, original data from the recent campaigns POKER II (2010) and PROTEKER 2 to 4 (2013-2015) are also provided...
2016: ZooKeys
Jochen Klenk, Ulrich Keil, Andrea Jaensch, Marcus C Christiansen, Gabriele Nagel
BACKGROUND: Changes of life expectancy over time serve as an interesting public health indicator for medical, social and economic developments within populations. The aim of this study was to quantify changes of life expectancy between 1950 and 2010 and relate these to main causes of death. METHODS: Pollard's actuarial method of decomposing life expectancy was applied to compare the contributions of different age- and disease-groups on life expectancy in 5-year intervals...
May 23, 2016: Population Health Metrics
Neha L Nemade, Urvi B Shukla, Gajanan D Wagholikar
INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite Canada Syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome, described in 1955 by Americans, Leonard Wolsey Cronkhite and Wilma Jeanne Canada in the New England Journal of Medicine [1]. About 450 cases have been reported. Complications, like malignant transformation, unprovoked thromboembolism is known. Since there is wide variability in medical presentation, no definitive diagnostic and treatment protocol s have been set. The mortality remains at 55%. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50 year old male patient presenting with diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, ectodermal features...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Z Y Wu, Yoshiki Saito, D N Zhao, J Q Zhou, Z Y Cao, S J Li, J H Shang, Y Y Liang
Estuaries have been sites of intensive human activities during the past century. Tracing the evolution of subaqueous topography in estuaries on a decadal timescale enables us to understand the effects of human activities on estuaries. Bathymetric data from 1955 to 2010 show that land reclamation decreased the subaqueous area of Lingding Bay, in the Pearl River estuary, by ~170 km(2) and decreased its water volume by 615 × 10(6) m(3), representing a net decrease of 11.2 × 10(6 )m(3) per year and indicating the deposition of approximately 14...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ka-Wai Fan
This article is about a Japanese parasitologist, Yoshitaka Komiya (1900-1976), who was invited to China for a schistosomiasis investigation in 1956. In 1955, Chairman Mao initiated a national campaign to eliminate schistosomiasis, which at that time was still common in southern China, and for this purpose, the People's Republic of China invited Yoshitaka Komiya to China. He published a report based on his observations during this visit. This article aims to explore the meaning of Komiya's visit to the People's Republic of China and his observations about the anti-schistosomiasis campaign...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
Laurent A M Thierens, Nele Brusselaers, Noëmi M C De Roo, Guy A M De Pauw
Labial adhesion is a preliminary surgical lip approximation used in the early management of unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate. Our objective was to evaluate its effects on the maxillary arch dimensions and nasolabial esthetics by means of a systematic review. The literature search (1955-2016) was based on MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library. Studies with labial adhesion as a single preliminary step for definitive lip closure, in combination with nasoalveolar molding or in combination with infant orthopedics were considered eligible...
November 23, 2016: Oral Diseases
Maria Elena Cavicchiolo, Paolo Lanzoni, Mazungo Olivier Wingi, Damiano Pizzol, Marco Daverio, Liviana Da Dalt, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality remains a serious health issue especially in low resource countries, where 99% of neonatal deaths occur. Doctors with Africa CUAMM is an Italian non-governmental organization in the field of healthcare that has been working in Africa since 1955. In Mozambique, at the Central Beira Hospital (CBH), it has a project with the aim of supporting the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and the Obstetrical Department of the CBH through a multi-level intervention...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Luke Yates, Alan Warde
Sociology traditionally accounts for eating in terms of the social organization of meals, their provision and consumption. A recurrent public concern is that the meal is being subverted. This paper examines meal arrangements in British households in 2012, drawing on an online survey in the format of a food diary administered to 2784 members of a supermarket consumer panel. It charts the organization of contemporary eating occasions, paying attention to socio-demographic variation in practice. Especially, it explores companionless meals, putting them in contexts of food provisioning and temporal rhythms...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
Andrea M Teng, Tony Blakely, Michael G Baker, Diana Sarfati
BACKGROUND: The reasons for higher gastric cancer incidence rates in indigenous populations are debated. METHODS: We quantify the role of Helicobacter pylori in excess gastric cancer incidence in Māori and Pacific men in New Zealand. Age-standardized gastric cancer rate ratios for 1981-2004 were calculated in Māori and Pacific men compared with European/other men born in 1926-1940 and in 1941-1955. Rate ratios were then compared with those restricted to H. pylori prevalent populations...
November 16, 2016: Gastric Cancer
Christina Canfield, John Tote, Chiedozie Udeh, Samuel Hammerman, Jorge Guzman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Joel C Gaydos, Timothy M Mallon, William A Rice
BACKGROUND: Reorganization of the Army and critical assessment of Army Graduate Medical Education programs prompted the Occupational and Environmental Medicine (OEM) Consultant to the Army Surgeon General to initiate a review of current Army OEM residency training. Available information indicated the Army OEM residency at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, was the first and longest operating Army OEM residency. Describing this residency was identified as the first step in the review, with the objectives of determining why the residency was started and sustained and its relevance to the needs of the Army...
November 2016: Military Medicine
Hu Li, Ren-Huai Dai, Zi-Zhong Li
Two new Chinese species of the leafhopper genus Onukigallia, Onukigallia neoonukiisp. n. from Sichuan and Guangdong Provinces, and Onukigallia tumidasp. n. from Hubei and Hunan Provinces are described and illustrated. A key and an updated checklist with distributions of Onukigallia species are provided.
2016: ZooKeys
Mohamed Kazamel, Christopher J Boes
Renaut corpuscles are cylindrical hyaline structures that arise from the peripheral nerve perineurium and project into the endoneurium. Despite their earlier accurate description in the French and German literature, Kernohan and Woltman (1938) reported very similar structures as "nerve infarcts" in a case series of vasculitic neuropathy. Krücke (1955) deserves credit for discovering this error and further explaining how peripheral nerves react differently (from brain parenchyma) to ischemia. We tried to elucidate the reason why Kernohan and Woltman, and others, made this scientific error by describing the historical evolution of our understanding of the structure and function of Renaut corpuscles...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Peng Su, Shiwang Wen, Yuefeng Zhang, Yong Li, Yanzhao Xu, Yonggang Zhu, Huilai Lv, Fan Zhang, Mingbo Wang, Ziqiang Tian
Objective. Esophageal carcinoma (EC) is a frequently common malignancy of gastrointestinal cancer in the world. This study aims to screen key genes and pathways in EC and elucidate the mechanism of it. Methods. 5 microarray datasets of EC were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by bioinformatics analysis. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment, and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction were performed to obtain the biological roles of DEGs in EC...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Pascal James Imperato
Charles William Lacaillade (1904-1978) was an eminent biologist in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts of parents whose ancestors were French Canadians. His father, also named Charles William Lacaillade, was a dentist who graduated from Tufts University School of Dentistry in 1898. His mother, Elodia Eno, came from a family of very successful businessmen. Lacaillade was the third of six children. His two older brothers, Harold Carleton and Hector Eno, both graduated from the University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, while his younger brother, Lawrence, became a businessman...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Gui-Qiang Huang, Li Chen
A taxonomic revision of the genus Yoshiakioclytus Niisato is presented. A new species, Y. qiaoi sp. nov., is described from North China. Three new combinations, Y. ruficaudus (Gressitt, 1951) comb. nov., Y. breuningi (Tippmann, 1955) comb. nov. and Y. stigmosus (Holzschuh, 2003) comb. nov., are proposed. The male of Y. breuningi (Tippmann, 1955) is redescribed, male terminalia of Y. breuningi is described for the first time. Yoshiakioclytus is redescribed and a key to Yoshiakioclytus species is presented.
October 31, 2016: Zootaxa
Tomoaki Takayama, Jun Nakazawa, Shiro Hikichi
Poly(pyrazol-1-yl)borates have been utilized extensively in coordination compounds due to their high affinity toward cationic metal ions on the basis of electrostatic interactions derived from the mononegatively charged boron centre. The original poly(pyrazol-1-yl)borates, christened `scorpionates', were pioneered by the late Professor Swiatoslaw Trofimenko and have expanded to include various borate ligands with N-, P-, O-, S-, Se- and C-donors. Scorpionate ligands with boron-carbon bonds, rather than the normal boron-nitrogen bonds, have been developed and in these new types of scorpionate ligands, amines and azoles, such as pyridines, imidazoles and oxazolines, have been employed as N-donors instead of pyrazoles...
November 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
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