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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446219/the-burden-epidemiology-costs-and-treatment-for-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-an-evidence-review
#1
REVIEW
S Ryder, R M Leadley, N Armstrong, M Westwood, S de Kock, T Butt, M Jain, J Kleijnen
BACKGROUND: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a rapidly progressive, lethal neuromuscular disorder, present from birth, which occurs almost exclusively in males. We have reviewed contemporary evidence of burden, epidemiology, illness costs and treatment patterns of DMD. This systematic review adhered to published methods with information also sought from the web and contacting registries. Searches were carried out from 2005 to June 2015. The population of interest was individuals with clearly defined DMD or their carers...
April 26, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445041/verbeekite-the-long-unknown-crystal-structure-of-monoclinic-pdse2
#2
Elisabeth Selb, Martina Tribus, Gunter Heymann
Verbeekite, a monoclinic polymorph of PdSe2, was reported for the first time in 2002 by Roberts et al. The mineral has been discovered in the Musonoi Cu-Co-Mn-U mine, Democratic Republic of Congo, and was named after Dr. Théodore Verbeek, the first geoscientist who studied the palladium mineralization there (1955-1967). Until today, the crystal structure of this very rare mineral has been unknown. By syntheses via multianvil high-pressure/high-temperature methods at 11.5 GPa and 1300 °C, synthetic verbeekite could be obtained in a high degree of purity and comparatively good crystal quality, which made it possible to determine the full crystal structure for PdSe2 verbeekite from single-crystal X-ray diffractometer data: I2/a, a = 671...
April 26, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443243/association-between-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-and-thyroid-cancer-in-64-628-patients
#3
Christina Resende de Paiva, Christian Grønhøj, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: The incidence of thyroid cancer (TC) is increasing although explanatory causes are lacking. A link between cancer and inflammation is well documented but unclear for autoimmune thyroid diseases and TC. We aimed to systematically review the association between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic thyroid carcinoma, and thyroid lymphoma (TL). METHODS: PubMed, OVID Medline, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were searched from 1955 to 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427491/identification-of-a-newly-isolated-getah-virus-in-the-china-laos-border-china
#4
Yuan Yuan Li, Shi Hong Fu, Xiao Fang Guo, Wen Wen Lei, Xiao Long Li, Jing Dong Song, Lei Cao, Xiao Yan Gao, Zhi Lyu, Ying He, Huan Yu Wang, Xiao Jie Ren, Hong Ning Zhou, Gui Qin Wang, Guo Dong Liang
In this study, we isolated a virus strain (YN12031) from specimens of Armigeres subalbatus collected in the China-Laos border. BHK-21 cells infected with YN12031 exhibited an evident cytopathic effect (CPE) 32 h post-infection. The virus particles were spherical, 70 nm in diameter, and enveloped; they also featured surface fibers. Molecular genetic analysis revealed that YN12031 was closely related to alpha viruses such as Chikungunya virus and Sindbis virus, and located in the same clade as MM2021, the prototype of Getahvirus (GETV) isolated in Malaysia in 1955...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399201/parasitism-by-nycteribiidae-and-streblidae-flies-diptera-of-a-malagasy-fruit-bat-pteropodidae-effects-of-body-size-and-throat-gland-development-on-parasite-abundance
#5
Faneva I Rajemison, Oliva S Noroalintseheno Lalarivoniaina, Steven M Goodman
We examined the possible effects of host body size and throat gland development on the abundance of blood-feeding nycteribiid and streblid flies parasitizing a Malagasy fruit bat, Rousettus madagascariensis G. Grandidier, 1928. Data were collected in the Parc National d'Ankarana in northern Madagascar during four visits: September 2014, 2015 (dry season), and January 2015, 2016 (wet season). Two bat fly species were identified, Eucampsipoda madagascarensis Theodor, 1955 (Nycteribiidae) and Megastrebla wenzeli (Jobling, 1952) (Streblidae)...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390294/season-of-birth-and-schizophrenia-evidence-from-china
#6
Cuntong Wang, Yudong Zhang
Controversies exist whether season of birth is associated with schizophrenia development later in life, and evidence has mainly come from studies done in developed countries. This study examines the association between season of birth and risk for schizophrenia in China, with special attention to geographical region, urbanity, and gender. Using data from China's Second National Sampling Survey on Disability, a large-scale, nationally representative sample (N=2,052,694), this study employs discrete-time hazard models to compare the risk for schizophrenia development for people born in different seasons, and conducts subsample analyses by geographical region, urbanity, and gender...
March 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379590/hepatotoxicity-of-paracetamol-and-related-fatalities
#7
R Tittarelli, M Pellegrini, M G Scarpellini, E Marinelli, V Bruti, N M di Luca, F P Busardò, S Zaami
Paracetamol, also known as acetaminophen, is the most commonly used antipyretic and pain reliever and since 1955 it is available over-the-counter as a single formulation or in combination with other substances and, as indicated by the World Health Organization, it can be used in all the three steps of pain intensity. Paracetamol toxicity is one of the most common causes of poisoning worldwide. While paracetamol is described as relatively nontoxic when administered in therapeutic doses, it is known to cause toxicity when taken in a single or repeated high dose, or after chronic ingestion...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366897/revolutionizing-cuban-psychiatry-the-freud-wars-1955-1970
#8
Jennifer Lynn Lambe
This article traces the battle over Freud within Cuban psychiatry from its pre-1959 origins through the "disappearance" of Freud by the early 1970s. It devotes particular attention to the visit of two Soviet psychiatrists to Cuba in the early 1960s as part of a broader campaign to promote Pavlov. The decade-long controversy over Freud responded to both theoretical and political concerns. If for some Freud represented political conservatism and theoretical mystification, Pavlov held out the promise of a dialectical materialist future...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362521/a-nationwide-study-on-parathyroid-carcinoma
#9
Eeva M Ryhänen, Helena Leijon, Saara Metso, Eija Eloranta, Pirkko Korsoff, Petteri Ahtiainen, Päivi Kekäläinen, Marjo Tamminen, Raija Ristamäki, Otto Knutar, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Leo Niskanen, Mika Väisänen, Ilkka Heiskanen, Matti J Välimäki, Markku Laakso, Caj Haglund, Johanna Arola, Camilla Schalin-Jäntti
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is rare and diagnostically challenging. Reported outcomes are rather poor and the incidence might be increasing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a nationwide study on all cases (n= 32) diagnosed in 2000-2011 in Finland, and compared clinical and histopathological characteristics and outcome to atypical parathyroid (APA; n= 28) and parathyroid adenomas (PA; n= 72). The incidence in years 1955-1999 was compared to that in 2000-2013...
March 31, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359900/phylogenetic-position-of-the-genus-gonocerca-manter-1925-trematoda-hemiuroidea-based-on-partial-sequences-of-28s-rrna-gene-and-a-reconsideration-of-taxonomic-status-of-gonocercinae-skrjabin-et-guschanskaja-1955
#10
Sergey G Sokolov, Dmitry M Atopkin, Ilya I Gordeev, Marina B Shedko
Adult trematodes of the genus Gonocerca Manter, 1925, are parasites of marine fishes. Identification of the phylogenetic positions and a revision of the taxonomic status of the subfamily Gonocercinae Skrjabin et Guschanskaja, 1955 (Derogenidae) are the main purposes of this research article. Four Gonocerca species were used in the study, including the type-species G. phycidis Manter, 1925. Molecular phylogenetic analysis, based on partial sequences of 28S rRNA gene, revealed that Gonocerca spp. are phylogenetically distant from other hemiuroid trematodes, including Derogenes varicus (Müller, 1784), representative of the type-genus of the family Derogenidae...
March 27, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338769/iq-the-urban-environment-and-their-impact-on-future-schizophrenia-risk-in-men
#11
Timothea Toulopoulou, Marco Picchioni, Preben Bo Mortensen, Liselotte Petersen
Exposure to an urban environment during early life and low IQ are 2 well-established risk factors for schizophrenia. It is not known, however, how these factors might relate to one another. Data were pooled from the North Jutland regional draft board IQ assessments and the Danish Conscription Registry for men born between 1955 and 1993. Excluding those who were followed up for less than 1 year after the assessment yielded a final cohort of 153170 men of whom 578 later developed a schizophrenia spectrum disorder...
February 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338723/non-specific-effects-of-bcg-vaccination-on-morbidity-among-children-in-greenland-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
S Haahr, S W Michelsen, M Andersson, K Bjorn-Mortensen, B Soborg, J Wohlfahrt, M Melbye, A Koch
Background: The potential non-specific effects of BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin) vaccination, with reported reduction of infectious disease morbidity among vaccinated children, in addition to the protective effect against tuberculosis (TB), are highly debated. In Greenland, BCG vaccination was introduced in 1955, but temporarily discontinued from 1991 to 1996 due to nationwide policy changes. Using the transient vaccination stop, we aimed to investigate possible non-specific effects of BCG vaccination by measuring nation-wide hospitalization rates due to infectious diseases other than TB among vaccinated and unvaccinated children...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334954/the-science-and-politics-of-naming-reforming-anatomical-nomenclature-ca-1886-1955
#13
Tatjana Buklijas
Anatomical nomenclature is medicine's official language. Early in their medical studies, students are expected to memorize not only the bodily geography but also the names for all the structures that, by consensus, constitute the anatomical body. The making and uses of visual maps of the body have received considerable historiographical attention, yet the history of production, communication, and reception of anatomical names-a history as long as the history of anatomy itself-has been studied far less. My essay examines the reforms of anatomical naming between the first modern nomenclature, the 1895 Basel Nomina Anatomica (BNA), and the 1955 Nomina Anatomica Parisiensia (NAP, also known as PNA), which is the basis for current anatomical terminology...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333328/the-time-course-of-diagnostic-delay-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-over-the-last-sixty-years-an-italian-multicentre-study
#14
Laura Cantoro, Antonio Di Sabatino, Claudio Papi, Giovanna Margagnoni, Sandro Ardizzone, Paolo Giuffrida, Diana Giannarelli, Alessandro Massari, Rita Monterubbianesi, Marco Vincenzo Lenti, Gino Roberto Corazza, Anna Kohn
Background and Aims: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are still under-diagnosed or diagnosed with serious delay. We examined whether diagnostic delay (DD) in IBD has changed over the last 60 years, and explored the risk factors of longer DD. Methods: 3392 IBD patients recorded in the registry of four IBD Italian centres were divided according to the year of diagnosis into a historical cohort (HC: 1955-1984) and modern cohort (MC: 1985-2014). DD, i.e. time lapse between onset of symptoms indicative of IBD and definitive diagnosis, was divided into four sub-periods (0-6, 7-12, 13-24, >24 months) which were correlated with age and disease location/behaviour at diagnosis...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287431/cytotoxic-natural-products-from-marine-sponge-derived-microorganisms
#15
REVIEW
Huawei Zhang, Ziping Zhao, Hong Wang
A growing body of evidence indicates that marine sponge-derived microbes possess the potential ability to make prolific natural products with therapeutic effects. This review for the first time provides a comprehensive overview of new cytotoxic agents from these marine microbes over the last 62 years from 1955 to 2016, which are assorted into seven types: terpenes, alkaloids, peptides, aromatics, lactones, steroids, and miscellaneous compounds.
March 10, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282649/emerging-regional-and-racial-disparities-in-the-lifetime-risk-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-comparative-life-table-analysis-in-king-county-wa-and-mississippi
#16
Galant A Chan, Kendra L Johnson, Nicholas G Mosca, Thomas E Dobbs, Julia C Dombrowski, Amy B Bennett, Susan E Buskin, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the lifetime risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis among US men who have sex with men (MSM), trends in risk and how risk varies between populations. METHODS: We used census and HIV surveillance data to construct life tables to estimate the cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis among cohorts of MSM born 1940 to 1994 in King County, Washington (KC) and Mississippi (MS). RESULTS: The cumulative risk of HIV diagnosis progressed in 3 phases...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280344/metabolic-profile-at-first-time-schizophrenia-diagnosis-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Henriette Thisted Horsdal, Michael Eriksen Benros, Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Jesper Krogh, Christiane Gasse
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and/or antipsychotic drug use are associated with metabolic abnormalities; however, knowledge regarding metabolic status and physician's monitoring of metabolic status at first schizophrenia diagnosis is sparse. We assessed the prevalence of monitoring for metabolic blood abnormalities and characterized the metabolic profiles in people with a first-time schizophrenia diagnosis. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study including all adults born in Denmark after January 1, 1955, with their first schizophrenia diagnosis between 2000 and 2012 in the Central Denmark Region...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271622/a-population-based-study-of-changes-in-arthritis-prevalence-and-arthritis-risk-factors-over-time-generational-differences-and-the-role-of-obesity
#18
Elizabeth M Badley, Mayilee Canizares, Anthony V Perruccio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate cohort effects in arthritis prevalence across four birth cohorts: World War II (born: 1935-1944), older and younger baby boomers (born: 1945-1954 and 1955-1964), and Generation X (born: 1965-1974) and to determine whether birth cohort effects in arthritis prevalence were associated with differences in risk factors over time or period effects. METHODS: Analysis of biannually collected data from the Canadian longitudinal National Population Health Survey 1994-2011 (n= 8817 at baseline)...
March 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264823/changing-trends-in-reproductive-lifestyle-factors-in-uk-women-descriptive-study-within-the-uk-collaborative-trial-of-ovarian-cancer-screening-ukctocs
#19
Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Clara Glazer, Matthew Burnell, Andy Ryan, Hannah Berry, Jatinderpal Kalsi, Robert Woolas, Steve J Skates, Stuart Campbell, Mahesh Parmar, Ian Jacobs, Usha Menon
OBJECTIVE: There has been considerable interest in the impact of reproductive factors on health but there are little data on how these have varied over time. We explore trends in reproductive/lifestyle factors of postmenopausal British women by analysing self-reported data from participants of the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). DESIGN: Prospective birth cohort analysis. SETTING: Population cohort invited between 2001 and 2005 from age-sex registers of 27 Primary Care Trusts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and recruited through 13 National Health Service Trusts...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264325/taxonomic-review-of-the-genus-i-atlantodesmus-i-hoffman-2000-polydesmida-chelodesmidae
#20
Rodrigo Salvador Bouzan, João Paulo P Pena-Barbosa, Antonio Domingos Brescovit
The chelodesmid genus Atlantodesmus Hoffman, 2000 is revised and considered a senior synonym of Iemanja Hoffman, 2000. Currently the genus contains five species, all of them are herein redescribed: Atlantodesmus eimeri (Attems, 1898), Atlantodesmus itapurensis (Schubart, 1943), Atlantodesmus pickeli (Schubart, 1946), Atlantodesmus pintoi (Schubart, 1946), and the transferred species from Iemanja, Atlantodesmus teresa (Hoffman, 2000), new combination. The female of Atlantodesmus teresa is described for the first time...
February 22, 2017: Zootaxa
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