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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346522/serious-fall-injury-history-and-adverse-health-outcomes-after-initiating-hemodialysis-among-older-u-s-adults
#1
C Barrett Bowling, Rasheeda Hall, Anjali Khakharia, Harold A Franch, Laura C Plantinga
Background: Although older adults with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at higher risk for falls, the prognostic significance of a serious fall injury prior to dialysis initiation has not been well described in the end-stage renal disease population. Methods: We examined the association between a serious fall injury in the year prior to starting hemodialysis and adverse health outcomes in the year following dialysis initiation using a retrospective cohort study of U...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346484/association-of-dietary-inflammatory-potential-with-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-men-and-women
#2
Fred K Tabung, Li Liu, Weike Wang, Teresa T Fung, Kana Wu, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Yin Cao, Frank B Hu, Shuji Ogino, Charles S Fuchs, Edward L Giovannucci
Importance: Inflammation is important in colorectal cancer development. Diet modulates inflammation and may thus be a crucial modifiable factor in colorectal cancer prevention. Objective: To examine whether proinflammatory diets are associated with increased colorectal cancer risk by using an empirical dietary inflammatory pattern (EDIP) score based on a weighted sum of 18 food groups that characterizes dietary inflammatory potential based on circulating levels of inflammation biomarkers...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346354/compassion-from-a-palliative-care-perspective
#3
Antonio Fernando, Conor Rea, Phillipa J Malpas
BACKGROUND: Compassion is a core virtue in medicine and lies at the heart of good medical care. It connects us to each other and reflects our need for relationships with others. AIM: Our aim is to explore how palliative care patients perceive, understand and experience compassion from health professionals, and to inform clinical practice. METHODS: Seven hospice managers in the North Island of New Zealand were contacted and invited to join the study...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346184/synergistic-impact-of-training-followed-by-on-site-support-on-hiv-clinical-practice-a-mixed-design-study-in-uganda-with-pre-post-and-cluster-randomized-trial-components
#4
Sarah Burnett, Norbert Mubiru, Peace Imani, Martin K Mbonye, Leigh Fisher, Robert Colebunders, Yukari C Manabe, Marcia R Weaver
BACKGROUND: Task-shifting can expand antiretroviral therapy access, but little is known about effective approaches to improve clinical practice among mid-level practitioners' (MLP) such as clinical officers, nurses, and midwives. The Integrated Infectious Diseases Capacity-Building Evaluation compared training alone to training combined with on-site support (OSS). METHODS: Two MLP each from 36 health facilities attended the five-week Integrated Management of Infectious Disease training...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345733/putative-mechanisms-of-cognitive-decline-with-implications-for-clinical-research-and-practice
#5
Tadeu Oliveira, Angela Starkweather, Divya Ramesh, Joseph Fetta, Debra Lynch Kelly, Debra E Lyon, Lana Sargent
Multiple intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms contribute to vulnerability of cognitive decline and nurses play a significant role in assisting individuals and families to use strategies for healthy cognitive aging. The objective of this narrative review is to provide a synthesis of the intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of cognitive decline and conditions that are associated with cognitive decline. Well-established intrinsic mechanisms of cognitive decline include aging, apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 carrier status, SORL1 mutations, neuroinflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, amyloid deposition, and demyelination...
January 18, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345731/student-evaluations-of-teaching-set-guidelines-for-their-use
#6
Marilyn H Oermann, Jamie L Conklin, Sharron Rushton, Margaret A Bush
Student evaluations of teaching (SET) provide a structured way of collecting feedback from students about the course and teacher's effectiveness. We reviewed literature describing use of SET across a broad range of disciplines in undergraduate and graduate education to provide guidelines for faculty in using SET in a nursing or other health professions program. On SET tools, students typically rate their satisfaction with a course and perceptions about the quality of the teaching. It is important to evaluate SET tools prior to their use including pilot testing tools with students because studies show students may not interpret items or questions on a SET tool as faculty intended...
January 18, 2018: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345096/psychiatric-sequelae-of-corticosteroid-use-in-hematology-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Dianne Clifton, Margaret Ross, Clare O'Callaghan
Despite widespread steroid usage for treating hematological conditions, minimal attention focuses on associated psychiatric side-effects. In the present study, we examined hematology patients' experiences of high-dose steroid treatment. This was undertaken by the use of a qualitative, descriptive design, which included convenience sampling and the inductive, cyclic, and constant comparative thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Eighteen patients participated, who were diagnosed with lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, or idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344622/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-implementing-enhanced-recovery-pathways-using-an-implementation-framework-a-systematic-review
#8
Alexander B Stone, Christina T Yuan, Michael A Rosen, Michael C Grant, Lauren E Benishek, Elizabeth Hanahan, Lisa H Lubomski, Clifford Ko, Elizabeth C Wick
Importance: Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) have the potential to reduce length of hospital stay, costs, and complications following surgery but can be challenging to implement. Objective: To examine the body of literature on ERPs to assess how authors describe barriers and facilitators of ERP implementation and identify, in aggregate, the best practices that should be considered utilizing the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to extract these elements and summarize common barriers and facilitators according to its 5 major domains: (1) intervention characteristics, (2) inner setting, (3) outer setting, (4) characteristics of the individuals, and (5) the process of implementation...
January 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344538/lived-experiences-of-mothers-with-diabetic-children-from-the-transfer-of-caring-role
#9
Maryam Khandan, Farokh Abazari, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Background: Following the confirmed type 1 diabetes in children and their discharge from the hospital, the care responsibilities are transferred from nurses to mothers. These mothers are faced with many challenges to play this caring role. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of the diabetic children's mothers from the transfer of caring role. Methods: In 2016, semi-structured interviews with Eleven Iranian mothers of children (aged≤14 year) with type 1 diabetes were conducted...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344534/the-effect-of-self-care-education-on-emotional-intelligence-and-hba1c-level-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Salma Tavakol Moghadam, Seyed Saeed Najafi, Shahrzad Yektatalab
Background: The role of Emotional Intelligence (EI) in glycemic control in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has not been fully understood. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of self-care education on EI and hemoglobin glycosylated (HbA1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 48 patients with type 2 DM referred to Shahid Motahari Diabetes Center in 2015 were divided into an intervention and a control group using block randomization...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344397/a-cross-sectional-study-of-stress-and-its-sources-among-health-professional-students-at-makerere-university-uganda
#11
Sharon Bright Amanya, Joyce Nakitende, Tom Denis Ngabirano
Aim: To assess prevalence of stress and its sources among undergraduate health professional students at Makerere University. Design: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using quantitative methods of data collection. Methods: The study was conducted among 258 undergraduate health professional students (Medical, Dental and, Nursing students) at Makerere University. From each programme, students were recruited proportionately, while being selected conveniently from each year of study...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344396/adversity-of-prolonged-extreme-cold-exposure-among-adult-clients-diagnosed-with-coronary-artery-diseases-a-primer-for-recommending-community-health-nursing-intervention
#12
Eladio Martin S Gumabay, Raquel C Ramirez, Judy Mae M Dimaya, Mae M Beltran
Aim: This research study explored the lived experiences of adults diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) when exposed to a prolonged period of extreme cold. Design: This research study utilized descriptive qualitative research design. Methods: Face-to-face interview sessions with audio recording were conducted. There were 30 informants who participated in the study. Descriptive phenomenology with Colaizzi's method of data analysis was used...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344047/a-comparative-study-of-shift-work-effects-and-injuries-among-nurses-working-in-rotating-night-and-day-shifts-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-north-india
#13
Anjana Verma, Jugal Kishore, Shobha Gusain
Background: Shift work can have an impact on the physical and psychological well-being of the healthcare worker, affecting patients as well as their own safety at the workplace. This study was conducted to compare the health outcomes and injuries, along with associated risk factors between the nurses working in rotating night shift (RNS) as compared to day shift (DS) only. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted from June to November 2016 in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344004/perceived-organizational-support-and-moral-distress-among-nurses
#14
Navideh Robaee, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Tahereh Ashktorab, Ahmadreza Baghestani, Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad
Background: Moral distress is prevalent in the health care environment at different levels. Nurses in all roles and positions are exposed to ethically challenging conditions. Development of supportive climates in organizations may drive nurses towards coping moral distress and other related factors. This study aimed at determining the level of perceived organizational support and moral distress among nurses and investigating the relationship between the two variables. Methods: This was a correlational-descriptive study...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343423/request-for-hiv-serology-in-primary-care-a-survey-of-medical-and-nursing-professionals
#15
Myrian Pichiule-Castañeda, M Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, María D Esteban-Vasallo, Carmen García-Riolobos, M Carmen Álvarez-Castillo, Jenaro Astray-Mochales
INTRODUCTION: In the Community of Madrid there is 42.7% late HIV diagnosis. Primary care is the gateway to the health system and the frequency of serological tests requested by these professionals is unknown. The objectives were to establish the frequency of requests for HIV serology by medical and nursing primary care professionals in the Community of Madrid and the factors associated with these requests. METHOD: An 'on-line' survey was conducted, asking professionals who participated in the evaluation study of strategies to promote early diagnosis of HIV in primary care in the Community of Madrid (ESTVIH) about the number of HIV-serology tests requested in the last 12 months...
January 15, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343226/binge-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-among-females-of-child-bearing-age-the-korea-nurses-health-study
#16
O Kim, M S Kim, J Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
BACKGROUND: Most studies regarding the relationship between binge eating disorder (BED) and depression have targeted obese populations. However, nurses, particularly female nurses, are one of the vocations that face these issues due to various reasons including high stress and shift work. This study investigated the prevalence of BED and the correlation between BED and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among female nurses in South Korea. METHODS: Participants were 7,267 female nurses, of which 502 had symptoms of BED...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343203/cognition-health-related-quality-of-life-and-depression-ten-years-after-moderate-to-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Erik Grauwmeijer, Majanka Heijenbrok-Kal, Lianne Peppel, Chantal Hartjes, Iain Haitsma, Inge de Koning, Gerard Ribbers
The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive function ten years after moderate-severe TBI and to investigate the associations between cognitive function, depression and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). In this prospective cohort study, with measurements at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, and 120 months post-TBI, patients aged 18-67 years (N=113) with moderate-severe TBI were recruited. Main outcome measures were depression (CES-D), subjective cognitive functioning (CFQ), objective cognitive functioning, and HRQoL (SF-36)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341466/effects-of-intravenous-home-dobutamine-in-palliative-end-stage-heart-failure-on-quality-of-life-heart-failure-hospitalization-and-cost-expenditure
#18
Pieter Martens, Jan Vercammen, Wendy Ceyssens, Linda Jacobs, Evert Luwel, Herwig Van Aerde, Peter Potargent, Monique Renaers, Matthias Dupont, Wilfried Mullens
AIMS: In patients with palliative end-stage heart failure, interventions that could provide symptomatic relief and prevent hospital admissions are important. Ambulatory continuous intravenous inotropes have been advocated by guidelines for such a purpose. We sought to determine the effect of intravenous dobutamine on symptomatic status, hospital stay, mortality, and cost expenditure. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive end-stage heart failure patients not amenable for advanced therapies and discharged with continuous intravenous home dobutamine from a single tertiary centre between April 2011 and January 2017 were retrospectively analysed...
January 17, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341201/diversity-in-cancer-care-exploring-social-categories-in-encounters-between-healthcare-professionals-and-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341056/-researching-crisis-plans-in-long-term-mental-health-care-more-complicated-than-expected
#20
J Fockens, Chr Boumans, D Postulart
BACKGROUND Crisis plans are highly valued because they can help to reduce the number of persons subjected to compulsory treatment in mental health care. The evidence however that crisis plans are effective is scarce, partly due to insufficient implementation by professionals.<br/> AIM: To assess the fidelity, relevance and applicability of crisis plans and to estimate to what extent such plans are appreciated by those working in long-term care.<br/> METHOD: Semi-structured interview with patients and nurses...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
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