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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896401/sleeve-gastrectomy-combined-with-the-simplified-hill-repair-in-the-treatment-of-morbid-obesity-and-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-preliminary-results-in-14-patients
#1
Daniel Gero, Lara Ribeiro-Parenti, Konstantinos Arapis, Jean-Pierre Marmuse
BACKGROUND: Our aim is to report our initial experience with a novel technique which addresses morbid obesity and gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) simultaneously by combination of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and simplified laparoscopic Hill repair (sLHR). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of LSG+sLHR patients >5 months postoperatively includes demographics, GERD status, proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) use, body mass index (BMI), excess BMI loss (EBMIL), complications and GERD-Health Related Quality of Life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892781/analysis-and-prediction-of-claustrophobia-during-mr-imaging-with-the-claustrophobia-questionnaire-an-observational-prospective-18-month-single-center-study-of-6500-patients
#2
Adriane E Napp, Judith Enders, Robert Roehle, Gerd Diederichs, Matthias Rief, Elke Zimmermann, Peter Martus, Marc Dewey
Purpose To analyze claustrophobia during magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to explore the potential of the 26-item claustrophobia questionnaire (CLQ) (range, 0-4) as a screening tool in patients scheduled for MR imaging. Materials and Methods The study received institutional review board approval, and patients in the CLQ cohort provided informed consent. A total of 6520 consecutive patients were included. Overall, 4288 patients completed the CLQ before MR imaging (CLQ cohort), and 2232 patients underwent MR imaging without having completed the CLQ (non-CLQ cohort)...
November 25, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862159/risk-for-alcoholic-liver-cirrhosis-after-an-initial-hospital-contact-with-alcohol-problems-a-nationwide-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Gro Askgaard, David A Leon, Mette S Kjaer, Thomas Deleuran, Thomas A Gerds, Janne S Tolstrup
: Alcoholic liver cirrhosis is usually preceded by many years of heavy drinking, in which cessation in drinking could prevent the disease. Alcohol problems are not consistently managed in hospital patients. We followed all Danish patients with an initial hospital contact with alcohol problems (intoxication, harmful use, or dependence) during 1998-2002 for alcoholic liver cirrhosis development (n = 36,044). In this registry-based cohort we identified predictors of the absolute risk for alcoholic liver cirrhosis...
November 16, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836204/a-nationwide-study-of-ovarian-serous-borderline-tumors-in-denmark-1978-2002-risk-of-recurrence-and-development-of-ovarian-serous-carcinoma
#4
Charlotte Gerd Hannibal, Russell Vang, Jette Junge, Kirsten Frederiksen, Robert J Kurman, Susanne K Kjaer
OBJECTIVE: Absolute risk and risk factors for recurrence and ovarian serous carcinoma following ovarian serous borderline tumors (SBTs) is not well-established. METHODS: We included all women with SBTs in Denmark, 1978-2002. Diagnoses were confirmed by centralized pathology review and classified as atypical proliferative serous tumor (APST) or noninvasive low-grade serous carcinoma (LGSC). Implants were classified as noninvasive or invasive. Medical records were collected and reviewed, and follow-up was obtained...
November 8, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835974/study-based-evaluation-of-the-abbott-realtime-high-risk-hpv-test-in-comparison-to-the-hc2-hr-hpv-test-in-women-aged-%C3%A2-30%C3%A2-years-using-residual-lbc-thinprep-specimens
#5
Thomas Iftner, Lisa Wang, Angelika Iftner, Barbara Holz, Juliane Haedicke-Jarboui, Nathalie Iftner, Reinhard von Wasielewski, Peter Martus, Gerd Boehmer
BACKGROUND: High-risk human papillomavirus (HR HPV) testing is already part of cervical cancer screening programs in a number of countries. New tests need to be validated not only in clinical studies but also in routine screening settings with regard to their clinical performance. METHODS: The Abbott RealTime High Risk HPV Test (RT hrHPV test) was evaluated in a random sample of 1,456 patients from a German routine screening population of 13,372 women ≥30 years of age screened primarily by liquid-based cytology (LBC) that was complemented by 48 CIN3+ cases...
November 11, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804175/pilot-study-of-mri-us-fusion-in-the-assessment-of-the-cesarean-section-scar-in-the-postpartum-period
#6
Kristina Bolten, Thomas Fischer, Yvonne Yi-Na Bender, Gerd Diederichs, Anke Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the uterine scar after Cesarean section (CS) as well as the corresponding uterine region after vaginal delivery (VD) at 6 weeks using transabdominal (TAUS) and transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/US image fusion to investigate whether image fusion allows standardized and reproducible localization of the scar and uterine wall thickness measurement compared with high-resolution MRI. METHODS: Six weeks after delivery, plain pelvic MRI (was performed in 30 women (10 each after planned Cesarean section (PCS), emergency Cesarean section (ECS), and VD)...
November 2, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792942/cadmium-exposure-is-associated-with-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-a-circulating-marker-of-inflammation-and-future-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Björn Fagerberg, Yan Borné, Lars Barregard, Gerd Sallsten, Niklas Forsgard, Bo Hedblad, Margaretha Persson, Gunnar Engström
BACKGROUND: Diet and smoking are the main sources of cadmium exposure in the general population. Cadmium increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and experimental studies show that it induces inflammation. Blood cadmium levels are associated with macrophages in human atherosclerotic plaques. Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is an emerging biomarker for cardiovascular events related to inflammation and atherosclerotic plaques. The aim was to examine whether blood cadmium levels are associated with circulating suPAR and other markers of inflammation...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768580/a-cross-sectional-study-to-determine-whether-adjustment-to-an-ostomy-can-predict-health-related-and-or-overall-quality-of-life
#8
Kirsten Lerum Indrebø, Gerd Karin Natvig, John Roger Andersen
Ostomy-specific adjustment may or may not predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and/or overall quality of life (QoL). A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients recruited from the customer registers of 8 surgical suppliers and pharmacies across Norway between November 2010 and March 2011 to determine which of the 34 items of the Ostomy Adjustment Scale (OAS) are the strongest predictors for HRQoL and overall QoL and to determine the HRQoL and overall QoL of individuals with an ostomy compared to a control group representing the general population...
October 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747236/the-role-of-interleukin-18-in-serum-and-follicular-fluid-during-in-vitro-fertilization-and-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#9
Veronika Günther, Ibrahim Alkatout, Corinna Fuhs, Ali Salmassi, Liselotte Mettler, Jürgen Hedderich, Nicolai Maass, Mohamed Elessawy, Andreas Gerd Schmutzler, Christel Eckmann-Scholz
Cytokines are key modulators of the immune system and play an important role in the ovarian cycle. IL-18 levels in serum and follicular fluid were analyzed in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. The cohort study group consisted of 90 women, who were undergoing IVF or ICSI. The body mass index (BMI) was determined in all patients; IL-18 levels were measured in follicular fluid and serum. IL-18 levels in serum were significantly higher than those in follicular fluid...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728937/-burdens-at-admission-short-term-effects-and-predictors-of-health-status-at-discharge-among-1%C3%A2-803-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#10
N Gerdes, E Farin
Objective: Taking Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) as an example, the article illustrates a problem that to our knowledge has not been addressed in rehabilitation research so far: According to our large dataset, a sizeable proportion of patients had to be sent home with extremely severe burdens (<2(nd) percentile in the normal population) at discharge - in spite of good improvements during their stay. Data and methods: Since 2009, patients in the RehaKlinikum Bad Säckingen, an in-patient rehab center for orthopedic-rheumatic diseases, answer the questionnaire "Indicators of Rehabilitation Status" (IRES) at the beginning and the end of their stay...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703114/sex-and-gender-differences-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#11
Young Sun Kim, Nayoung Kim, Gwang Ha Kim
It is important to understand sex and gender-related differences in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) because gender-related biologic factors might lead to better prevention and therapy. Non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) affects more women than men. GERD symptoms are more frequent in patients with NERD than in those with reflux esophagitis. However, men suffer pathologic diseases such as reflux esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE), and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) more frequently than women. The prevalence of reflux esophagitis is significantly increased with age in women, especially after their 50s...
October 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698062/agonistic-autoantibodies-to-the-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-enhance-angiotensin-ii-induced-renal-vascular-sensitivity-and-reduce-renal-function-during-pregnancy
#12
Mark W Cunningham, Jan M Williams, Lorena Amaral, Nathan Usry, Gerd Wallukat, Ralf Dechend, Babbette LaMarca
Preeclamptic women produce agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1-AA) and exhibit increased blood pressure (mean arterial pressure), vascular sensitivity to angiotensin II (ANG II), and display a decrease in renal function. The objective of this study was to examine the renal hemodynamic changes during pregnancy in the presence of AT1-AAs with or without a slow pressor dose of ANG II. In this study, mean arterial pressure was elevated in all pregnant rats treated with ANG II with or without AT1-AA...
November 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582035/dietary-carbohydrate-intake-insulin-resistance-and-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-disease-a-pilot-study-in-european-and-african-american-obese-women
#13
S D Pointer, J Rickstrew, J C Slaughter, M F Vaezi, H J Silver
BACKGROUND: Although obesity rates are higher in African-American than European-American women, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its comorbidities are more prevalent in European-American women. A common denominator for increased adiposity, and consequent insulin resistance, is excess dietary macronutrient intake - which may promote greater prevalence and severity of GERD in women. AIM: To investigate whether GERD is more robustly associated with dietary carbohydrate intake, particularly dietary simple carbohydrate intake, and insulin resistance in European-American women...
November 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575710/the-race-specific-incidence-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-individuals-with-exposure-to-tobacco-and-alcohol
#14
Anoop Prabhu, Kenneth Obi, David Lieberman, Joel H Rubenstein
OBJECTIVES: The relative impact of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in minority populations is incompletely understood. We aimed to estimate the race-specific incidences of ESCC and place these in the context of the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in white men with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: The race- and sex-specific exposures to tobacco and alcohol in the United States were obtained from the National Health Interview Survey...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556519/prospective-study-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-h2-receptor-antagonists-and-risk-of-hearing-loss
#15
Brian M Lin, Sharon G Curhan, Molin Wang, Brian C Jacobson, Roland Eavey, Konstantina M Stankovic, Gary C Curhan
OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common and often treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or H2-receptor antagonists (H2-RAs). GERD has been associated with exposure of the middle ear to gastric contents, which could cause hearing loss. Treatment of GERD with PPIs and H2-RAs may decrease exposure of the middle ear to gastric acid and decrease the risk of hearing loss. We prospectively investigated the relation between GERD, use of PPIs and H2-RAs, and the risk of hearing loss in 54,883 women in Nurses' Health Study II...
August 22, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553805/barrett-s-esophagus-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-does-regression-occur
#16
Verónica Gorodner, Rudolf Buxhoeveden, Gastón Clemente, Christian Sánchez, Luis Caro, Alejandro Grigaites
INTRODUCTION: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is recognized as a premalignant lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma. BE appears as a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is increased among obese population. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is the best treatment option for obesity combined with GERD. However, data on evolution of BE after LRYGB are scarce. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Patients were studied with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and gastric biopsy preoperatively...
August 23, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528493/the-bidirectional-association-between-body-weight-and-mobility-disability-a-population-based-cohort
#17
Jeroen S de Munter, Per Tynelius, Gerd Ahlström, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is more common in people with mobility disability than in non-disabled individuals, but less is known about the longitudinal effects leading to this health state. OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential bidirectional association between mobility disability and obesity. METHODS: Participants were identified in the population-based Stockholm Public Health Cohort (2002-2010, n = 17 945). Observations with schizophrenia, depression, eating disorder, or cancer within 5 years during and prior to baseline were excluded...
October 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485934/a-social-media-peer-group-intervention-for-mothers-to-prevent-obesity-and-promote-healthy-growth-from-infancy-development-and-pilot-trial
#18
Rachel S Gruver, Chanelle T Bishop-Gilyard, Alexandra Lieberman, Marsha Gerdes, Senbagam Virudachalam, Andrew W Suh, Gurpreet K Kalra, Sheela N Magge, Justine Shults, Mark S Schreiner, Thomas J Power, Robert I Berkowitz, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: Evidence increasingly indicates that childhood obesity prevention efforts should begin as early as infancy. However, few interventions meet the needs of families whose infants are at increased obesity risk due to factors including income and maternal body mass index (BMI). Social media peer groups may offer a promising new way to provide these families with the knowledge, strategies, and support they need to adopt obesity prevention behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to develop and pilot test a Facebook-based peer group intervention for mothers, designed to prevent pediatric obesity and promote health beginning in infancy...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454324/ovarian-and-tubal-cancer-in-denmark-an-update-on-incidence-and-survival
#19
Mathilde Gottschau, Lene Mellemkjaer, Charlotte G Hannibal, Susanne K Kjaer
INTRODUCTION: The Nordic countries are areas with a high-incidence of ovarian cancer; however, differences between the countries exist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used the Danish Cancer Registry to identify 11 264 cases of ovarian cancer and 363 cases of tubal cancer during 1993-2013. We calculated age-standardized (world standard population) incidence rates for overall and subtype-specific ovarian cancer, and for tubal cancer. We compared age-standardized incidence rates, and 1- and 5-year age-standardized relative survival rates, respectively, for ovarian and tubal cancer combined in four Nordic countries using the NORDCAN database...
October 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434043/sustained-increase-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-levels-in-healthy-young-women-during-wintertime-after-three-suberythemal-uv-irradiations-the-muvy-pilot-study
#20
Maria Gudrun Biersack, Malgorzata Hajdukiewicz, Ralf Uebelhack, Leonora Franke, Helmut Piazena, Pascal Klaus, Vera Höhne-Zimmer, Tanja Braun, Frank Buttgereit, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Jacqueline Detert
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency is a health problem prevalent not only in the elderly but also in young adults. The primary objective of our observational pilot study "MUVY" (Mood, UVR, Vitamin D in Young women) was to test both the short-term and long-term effects of a series of three suberythemal UV radiation (UVR) exposures on the VitD status and well-being of young healthy women during winter in a repeat measure design. METHODS: 20 healthy young women (Fitzpatrick skin types I-III, aged 21-25 years) received three full body broad band UVR exposures with an escalating erythemally weighted dose schedule during one week in winter, and completed self-report questionnaires monitoring symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI) and affective state/well-being (Profile of Mood States, POMS) at baseline and three days after the last UVR exposure...
2016: PloS One
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