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pressure sore

Christian Walter, Bilal Al-Nawas, Tim Wolff, Eik Schiegnitz, Knut A Grötz
OBJECTIVE: Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws (BP-ONJ) is triggered by inflammatory processes. Typical trigger factors are periodontal disease, denture pressure sores, and surgical interventions such as tooth extractions. Unfortunately there is only little data on how to proceed with implant therapy in patients with bisphosphonate treatment. This topic is not addressed in the German guidelines on medication-associated osteonecrosis. Therefore a systematic literature review was performed...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
Shruti Jain, Nazia Nazir, Rashid M Khan, Syed M Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Extubation in deep plane of anesthesia followed by Guedel's oropharyngeal airway (OPA™) insertion is a routine method to avoid hemodynamic changes associated with tracheal extubation. Exchange of endotracheal tube (ETT) with Classic laryngeal mask airway (LMA™) prior to emergence from anesthesia also serves similar purpose. We had compared the hemodynamic changes involved during this ETT/LMA™ and ETT/OPA™ exchange technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a randomized prospective study on ASA I and 2 patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Mesut Mutluoglu, Gunalp Uzun, Michael Bennett, Peter Germonpré, David Smart, Daniel Mathieu
Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are one of the most common indications for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT). The role of HBOT in DFUs is often debated. Recent evidence based guidelines, while recommending its use, urge further studies to identify the patient subgroups most likely to benefit from HBOT. A recent study in Diabetes Care aimed to assess the efficacy of HBOT in reducing the need for major amputation and improving wound healing in patients with chronic DFUs. In this study, patients with Wagner grade 2-4 diabetic foot lesions were randomly assigned to have HBOT (30 sessions/90 min/244 kPa) or sham treatment (30 sessions/90 min/air/125 kPa)...
September 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Mostafa Somri, Sonia Vaida, Gustavo Garcia Fornari, Gabriela Renee Mendoza, Pedro Charco-Mora, Naser Hawash, Ibrahim Matter, Forat Swaid, Luis Gaitini
BACKGROUND: The Laryngeal Tube Suction Disposable (LTS-D) and the Supreme Laryngeal Mask Airway (SLMA) are second generation supraglottic airway devices (SADs) with an added channel to allow gastric drainage. We studied the efficacy of these devices when using pressure controlled mechanical ventilation during general anesthesia for short and medium duration surgical procedures and compared the oropharyngeal seal pressure in different head and-neck positions. METHODS: Eighty patients in each group had either LTS-D or SLMA for airway management...
October 6, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Min Kyoung Kim, Hyun Kang, Geun Joo Choi, Yong Hee Park, Jong In Oh, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Young Cheol Woo, Yeon Sil Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of streamlined liner of pharyngeal airway (SLIPA) in paralyzed and nonparalyzed, anesthetized patients undergoing gynecological surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomized double-blind clinical trial. SETTING: Intraoperative. PATIENTS: A total of 80 female patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II and who were undergoing gynecological surgery. INTERVENTIONS: The patients were randomly allocated to either the nonparalyzed group (group NR, n=40) or the paralyzed group (group R, n=40)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Luis Peñailillo, Nicolás Guzmán, José Cangas, Alvaro Reyes, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea
: The aim of this study was to examine the metabolic demand and extent of muscle damage of eccentric cycling targeting knee flexor (FLEX) and knee extensor (EXT) muscles. METHODS: Eight sedentary men (23.3 ± 0.7 y) underwent two eccentric cycling sessions (EXT and FLEX) of 30 min each, at 60% of the maximum power output. Oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR) and rated perceived exertion (RPE) were measured during cycling. Countermovement and squat jumps (CMJ and SJ), muscle flexibility, muscle soreness and pain pressure threshold (PPT) of knee extensor and flexor muscles were measured before, immediately after and 1-4 days after cycling...
August 15, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Emilie Viollet, Fabrice Nouvel, Dominique Richard, Mylène Blot, Arnaud Dupeyron
OBJECTIVE: Heel bedsore is frequent in population motionless more than 50years old. The score of risk of bedsore do not take into account the biomechanical factor, as the flessum of knee. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the angle of knee flexion in a supine position with joint relaxation and the maximum interface pressure at the heel area. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is a cohort with one investigator center, which is in MPR department, CHU de Nîmes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
H Le Liepvre, A Dinh, B Idiard-Chamois, E Chartier-Kastler, V Phé, A Even, G Robain, P Denys
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: To describe specificities of pregnancy in a traumatic spinal cord-injured (SCI) population managed by a coordinated medical care team involving physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) physicians, urologists, infectious diseases' physicians, obstetricians and anaesthesiologists. SETTING: NeuroUrology Department in a University Hospital, France. METHODS: All consecutive SCI pregnant women managed between 2001 and 2014 were included...
September 27, 2016: Spinal Cord
Hong-Lin Chen, Wang-Qin Shen, Peng Liu
Although it is among the most commonly used pressure ulcer risk assessment tools, the Braden Scale may lack strong predictive validity when used in the long-term care setting. A meta-analysis was conducted of English-language articles published in the PubMed database and Web of Science from the indices' inception through July 2015 to assess the predictive validity of the Braden Scale for pressure ulcers in long-term care residents. Search terms included pressure ulcer, pressure sore, bedsore, decubitus, long-term care, nursing home, skilled nursing facility, hospice, and Braden...
September 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
P-L Vincent, B Pinatel, R Viard, J-P Comparin, P Gir, D Voulliaume
AIM OF THE STUDY: The coverage of ischiatic pressure ulcers is characterized by a significant recurrence rate (8-64% depending on the series). It therefore seems necessary to introduce the concept of saving in the use of muscle flaps available to avoid being in a situation of therapeutic impasse. The gluteus maximus inferior split-muscle flap allows a tailored coverage to the ischiatic pressure ulcers grade IV with skin defect less than 8cm after surgical debridement. It is associated with an advancement-rotation skin flap removed above the sub-gluteal fold...
September 21, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Tatsuhiko Azegami, Yoshikazu Yuki, Kaori Hayashi, Mari Nakamura, Akihito Hishikawa, Hiroshi Kiyono, Hiroshi Itoh
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that injectable vaccines against renin-angiotensin system may be effective for the treatment of hypertension, but these injectable vaccines often cause local skin reactions and soreness at the injection site. The aim of this study was to develop a new non-injectable vaccine against angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and examine its effect on blood pressure. DESIGN AND METHOD: The peptide, seven-amino-acid sequence from second extracellular loop of rat AT1R was synthesized and then conjugated with pneumococcal surface protein A (PspA) as a carrier protein for the nasal vaccination...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
T K Munkholm, L Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Tissue pH is lowered in inflamed tissues, and the increased proton concentration activates acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), contributing to pain and hyperalgesia. ASICs can be upregulated by nerve growth factor (NGF). The aim of this study was to investigate two new human experimental pain models combining NGF- and acid-induced pain in a randomized, controlled, double-blind study. METHODS: In experiment 1, volunteers (N = 16) received an injection of either NGF or isotonic saline in each infrapatellar fat pad (IFP)...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Marie Jönsson, Peter Appelros, Carin Fredriksson
OBJECTIVE: To compare ADL, cognitive function, risk of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls in older people readmitted to hospital. METHODS: This was a comparative study. Persons ≥ 75 years, who were readmitted to hospital, were assessed using the ADL-taxonomy and the Mini Mental State Examination. Risks of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls were assessed using Risk Assessment Pressure Sores, Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment and Downton Fall Risk Index...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
James E McCarthy, Venkat K Rao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to describe the indications, operative technique, outcomes, and systematic review of the literature on the reconstruction of patients with end-stage pressure ulcers using a fillet flap technique. In this technique, the femur, tibia, and fibula are removed from the thigh and leg, and the soft tissue is used as a pedicled, or free, myocutaneous flap for reconstruction. Long-term outcomes, salient surgical technique of flap elevation, and design are detailed for patients who had a fillet of leg flap for reconstruction of extensive pressure ulcers...
August 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Xiaojun Du, Songsong Mao, Jianxiu Cui, Jue Ma, Guangyan Zhang, Yong Zheng, Haiyu Zhou, Liang Xie, Dongkun Zhang, Ruiqing Shi, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the safety and feasibility of the use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for non-endotracheal intubated anesthesia for patients with pectus excavatum (PE) undergoing thoracoscopic Nuss procedure. METHODS: Between July 2015 and December 2015, 30 selected patients with PE were planned to undergo a thoracoscopic Nuss procedure using LMA for non-endotracheal intubated anesthesia in the Guangdong General Hospital...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
C A Hockey, A A J van Zundert, J D Paratz
Correct inflation pressures of the tracheal cuff are recommended to ensure adequate ventilation and prevent aspiration and adverse events. However there are conflicting views on which measurement to employ. The aim of this review was to examine whether adjustment of cuff pressure guided by objective measurement, compared with subjective measurement or observation of the pressure value alone, was able to prevent patient-related adverse effects and maintain accurate cuff pressures. A search of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CINAHL and ScienceDirect was conducted using keywords 'cuff pressure' and 'measure*' and related synonyms...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Anil Agarwal, Anubrat Kumar, Abbas Shaharyar, Madhusudan Mishra
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to create awareness in the practicing health care workers toward the problems encountered during casting and bracing of clubfoot following Ponseti method, and in turn avoid them. MATERIAL AND PATIENTS: Retrospective audit of 6 years' clubfoot clinic records to analyze problems associated with Ponseti method. OBSERVATIONS: Problems were encountered in 26 cast and in 6 braced patients. Just 4 patients out of 71 syndromic (5...
September 7, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Mona Sharma, Renu Sinha, Anjan Trikha, Rashmi Ramachandran, C Chandralekha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) cuff pressure increases when the air is used for the cuff inflation during oxygen: nitrous oxide (O2:N2O) anaesthesia, which may lead to various problems. We compared the effects of different gases for ProSeal LMA™ (PLMA) cuff inflation in adult patients for various parameters. METHODS: A total of 120 patients were randomly allocated to four groups, according to composition of gases used to inflate the PLMA cuff to achieve 40 cmH2 O cuff pressure, air (Group A), 50% O2 :air (Group OA), 50% O2:N2O (Group ON) and 100% O2 (Group O)...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Alvisa Palese, Carolina Del Favero, Ranieri Antonio Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Luca Grassetti, Elisa Ambrosi
OBJECTIVES: It has been amply reported that nursing home (NH) residents are largely inactive, a condition that may further increase functional decline, behavioral disorders, and risk of death. To date, studies have mainly focused on individual characteristics that may decrease residents' involvement in activities. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe the prevalence of inactive NH residents in an Italian context, identifying predictors of inactivity at the individual and NH levels...
August 26, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Kavin Khatri, Kamran Farooque, Vijay Sharma, Babita Gupta, Shivanand Gamanagatti
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To outline the etiology, complications and management difficulties encountered in the management of neglected thoracolumbar spine injuries. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The English literature describes overlooked diagnosis as the most common cause of neglected spine injuries. However, the reasons differ in developing or under-developed nations. Moreover, there is scarcity of literature about the neglected spinal injuries...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
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