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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549330/impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-oral-health
#1
Ana Cristina de Oliveira Solis, Álvaro Cabral Araújo, Felipe Corchs, Marcio Bernik, Érica Panzani Duran, Cláudio Silva, Francisco Lotufo-Neto
BACKGROUND: The stress experienced as an intense and traumatic event can increase the odds of orofacial pain, affect the biomechanics of masticatory system and compromise the periodontal health. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on oral health. METHODS: A case-control study with a convenience sample was designed. Probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing, and plaque were recorded at 6 sites per tooth...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542892/knowledge-diagnosis-and-management-of-dentine-hypersensitivity-a-national-survey-of-dentists-in-nigeria
#2
Olabisi Hajarat Oderinu, Mathew Asizide Sede, Adeleke Oke Oginni, Ilemobade Cyril Adegbulugbe, Omolara Gbonjubola Uti, Adeyemi Oluniyi Olusile, Christopher I Udoye, Kofoworola Olaide Savage
AIM: To assess the knowledge of Nigerian dentists regarding dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and their methods of diagnosis and management. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of dentists practicing in all six geopolitical zones of Nigeria was conducted. The questionnaire focussed on participant's demography, exposure to patients with DH, knowledge-based questions, diagnosis and management of DH. Data analysis using EPI Info statistical software determined frequencies and proportions...
May 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538371/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-2-lidocaine-hcl-with-different-epinephrine-concentration-for-local-anesthesia-in-participants-undergoing-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-crossover-phase-iv
#3
Myong-Hwan Karm, Fiona Daye Park, Moonkyu Kang, Hyun Jeong Kim, Jeong Wan Kang, Seungoh Kim, Yong-Deok Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo, Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Chul-Hwan Kim, Jung-Woo Lee, Sung-Woon Hong, Mi Hyoung Lim, Seung Kwan Nam, Jae Min Cho
BACKGROUND: The most commonly impacted tooth is the third molar. An impacted third molar can ultimately cause acute pain, infection, tumors, cysts, caries, periodontal disease, and loss of adjacent teeth. Local anesthesia is employed for removing the third molar. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 or 1:200,000 epinephrine for surgical extraction of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy participants underwent surgical extraction of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars in 2 separate visits while under local anesthesia with 2% lidocaine with different epinephrine concentration (1:80,000 or 1:200,000) in a double-blind, randomized, crossover trial...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536686/mandible-metastasis-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-mimicking-a-residual-cyst
#4
Renata Mendonça Moraes, Fabio Abreu Alves, Bruna Fernandes do Carmo Carvalho, Felipe D'Almeida Costa, Rodrigo Nascimento Lopes, Graziella Chagas Jaguar
Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is an uncommon tumor characterized by an aggressive behavior with early metastasis, usually to the contralateral lung, liver, brain, and bones. There are only five cases of this particular tumor metastasizing to the oral cavity described in the English literature. We present the case of metastatic SCLC in the mandible with radiographic findings resembling a residual cyst. A 66-year-old man with previous diagnosis and treatment for a SCLC was referred to the Stomatology Department with a history of persistent pain in the mandible 1 year after the inferior right pre-molar tooth extraction...
January 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526078/the-efficacy-of-chlorhexidine-gel-in-the-prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Amare Teshome
BACKGROUND: Alveolar osteitis is a very painful and distressing condition for a patient who has recently undergone a tooth extraction and has led dental professionals to search for preventive measures. The aim of this meta-analysis to determine the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) gel on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar extraction. METHODS: Studies were searched for on electronic search engines using Medline (PubMed), Cochrane central, Scopus and advanced Google Scholar from May 2015 to December 2015...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512604/traditional-dentistry-knowledge-among-serbs-in-several-balkan-countries
#6
Dragan V Ilic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Anely Nedelcheva, Ivana Djurovic, Dejan Ostojic
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are still unrevealed treasures of traditional dental medicine, that is, the reason to investigate and present various ways in treatment of oral and orofacial tissues, as well as magic and religious elements involved in representative areas among Serbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was collected from the elderly non-professional folk dentists and herbalists with the additional help of local physicians and dentists that was done through questionnaire and personal interviews...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511499/postoperative-pain-and-flare-ups-comparison-of-incidence-between-single-and-multiple-visit-pulpectomy-in-primary-molars
#7
Shrirang Anand Sevekar, Subhadra Halemane Nagaraj Gowda
INTRODUCTION: Endodontic treatment performed in either single- or multiple visit can be followed by numerous short- and long term complications. One of the short term complications include postoperative pain and flare-ups. The ability to predict its prevalence and forewarn the patient may go some way towards enabling coping strategies and help dentist in pain management treatment decisions. AIM: To compare the incidence and intensity of postoperative pain and flare-ups between single- and multiple visit pulpectomy in primary molars...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502905/inhibition-of-proinflammatory-mediators-by-coumaroyl-lupendioic-acid-a-new-lupane-type-triterpene-from-careya-arborea-on-inflammation-induced-animal-model
#8
Rayhana Begum, Manjur Ali Sheliya, Showkat R Mir, Ekta Singh, Manju Sharma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Careya arborea Roxb. (Lecythidaceae) is a large tree found throughout India in deciduous forests and grasslands. C. arborea is traditionally used in tumors, inflammation, anthelmintic, bronchitis, epileptic fits, astringents, antidote to snake-venom, skin disease, diarrhea, dysentery with bloody stools, dyspepsia, ulcer, tooth ache, and ear pain. AIM OF THE STUDY: In our previous work, the methanolic extract of Careya arborea stem bark showed significant anti-inflammatory activity...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498604/post-operative-interventions-to-reduce-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-surgery-review-of-the-current-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Howard Cho, Anthony J Lynham, Edward Hsu
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory complications such as pain, swelling, trismus, infection and alveolar osteitis, have an adverse affect on the quality of life of patients after third molar removal. This review presents the current evidence on post-operative strategies to reduce these complications. METHODS: A literature search was performed to identify articles published in English between 2000 to 2016 using the following key words: third molar(s), wisdom tooth/teeth, pain, swelling, trismus, infection, alveolar osteitis, and dry socket...
May 12, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492747/common-operative-procedural-errors-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-root-canal-treatment
#10
Carlos Estrela, Jesus Djalma Pécora, Cyntia R A Estrela, Orlando A Guedes, Brunno S F Silva, Carlos José Soares, Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto
Operative procedural errors must be well analyzed in order to avoid influence negatively the root canal treatment (RCT) prognosis. The successful RCT prevents tooth loss and avoids pain and apical periodontitis. This review aimed to categorize common operative procedure errors and clinical factors associated with RCT. Based on this, will be approached common errors of procedures within the clinical operative sequence: endodontic treatment planning, pulp and periapical disease diagnosis, anaesthesia, access cavity preparation, isolation with rubber dam, root canal preparation, root canal filling and retreatment, restoration of endodontically treated teeth, postoperative pain, follow up of endodontically treated teeth...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492208/self-reported-dental-pain-and-dental-caries-among-8-12-year-old-school-children-an-exploratory-survey-in-lagos-nigeria
#11
Abiola A Adeniyi, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: Dental pain is considered an important public health problem because it affects the daily life of children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact of dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children in Lagos, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to determine self-reported dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was conducted. This was followed by a clinical examination to determine the child's oral hygiene status and dental caries status...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474783/discomfort-pain-due-to-periodontal-and-peri-implant-probing-implant-type-and-age
#12
Julia Ryska, Matthias Klum, Puria Parvini, Otto Zuhr, Katrin Nickles, Peter Eickholz
AIM: There is evidence that patients experience more discomfort/pain after peri-implant probing than periodontal probing. However, there are several plausible factors to additionally influence this observation: e.g. implant type, age, smoking. Thus, this study was designed to compare discomfort/pain after periodontal and peri-implant probing in different implant types. METHODS: 2 dentists recruited and examined 80 patients, each of them exhibiting a dental implant with a contralateral natural tooth...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468833/dental-enamel-formation-and-implications-for-oral-health-and-disease
#13
REVIEW
Rodrigo S Lacruz, Stefan Habelitz, J Timothy Wright, Michael L Paine
Dental enamel is the hardest and most mineralized tissue in extinct and extant vertebrate species and provides maximum durability that allows teeth to function as weapons and/or tools as well as for food processing. Enamel development and mineralization is an intricate process tightly regulated by cells of the enamel organ called ameloblasts. These heavily polarized cells form a monolayer around the developing enamel tissue and move as a single forming front in specified directions as they lay down a proteinaceous matrix that serves as a template for crystal growth...
July 1, 2017: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468159/association-between-odontoma-and-impacted-teeth
#14
Gaetano Isola, Marco Cicciù, Luca Fiorillo, Giovanni Matarese
Odontoma is considered to be the most common odontogenic tumor of the oral cavity. Most odontomas are asymptomatic and are discovered during routine radiographic investigations and can cause disturbances in the eruption of the teeth, most commonly delayed eruption or deflection. By a retrospective study design, demographic and clinical data regarding patients who presented odontomas from year 1995 to 2015 were obtained in order and the influence of active therapy on the dentition and on the treatment of impacted teeth was analyzed...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461826/effects-of-clarithromycin-treatment-in-scrub-typhus-in-children-comparison-with-chloramphenicol-and-azithromycin
#15
Min Lee, June Kim, Dae Sun Jo
PURPOSE: Chloramphenicol and tetracycline are not recommended for treating scrub typhus in pediatric patients because of potential side effects, such as aplastic anemia or tooth discoloration. While clarithromycin has recently been used in adults, few reports have been published on its effects in pediatric patients. We report the clinical profiles of pediatric scrub typhus and the effects of clarithromycin on scrub typhus in children. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 56 children with scrub typhus who were admitted between 2004 and 2013 to Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459825/patterns-of-analgesic-use-to-relieve-tooth-pain-among-residents-in-british-columbia-canada
#16
Jamie Moeller, Julie Farmer, Carlos Quiñonez
The use of prescription opioids has increased dramatically in Canada in recent decades. This rise in opioid prescriptions has been accompanied by increasing rates of opioid-related abuse and addiction, creating serious public health challenges in British Columbia (BC), one of Canada's most populated provinces. Our study explores the relationship between dental pain and prescription opioid use among residents in BC. We used data from the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), which asked respondents about their use of specific analgesic medications, including opioids, and their history of tooth pain in the past month...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449766/active-caries-consequences-of-untreated-caries-and-tooth-pain-relate-to-only-a-small-decrease-in-older-adults-quality-of%C3%A2-life
#17
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442952/comparison-of-onset-anesthesia-time-and-injection-discomfort-of-4-articaine-and-2-mepivacaine-during-teeth-extractions
#18
Giath Gazal, Rashdan Alharbi, Wamiq Musheer Fareed, Esam Omar, Albraa Badr Alolayan, Hassan Al-Zoubi, Ahmad A Alnazzawi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the speed of action and injection discomfort of 4% articaine and 2% mepivacaine for upper teeth extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients were included in the articaine 4% group, and 45 in the mepivacaine 2% control group. After all injections, soft and hard tissue numbness was objectively gauged by dental probe at intervals of 15 s. Furthermore, the discomfort of the injections were recorded by the patients after each treatment on standard 100 mm visual analog scales, tagged at the endpoints with "no pain" (0 mm) and "unbearable pain" (100 mm)...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439906/regenerative-endodontic-treatment-of-perforated-internal-root-resorption-a-case-report
#19
M E Kaval, P Güneri, M K Çalışkan
AIM: To present the regenerative endodontic treatment procedure of a perforated internal root resorption case and its' clinical and radiographic findings after two years. SUMMARY: A 14-year-old female patient was referred complaining of moderate pain associated with her maxillary left lateral incisor. After radiographic examination, a perforated internal resorption lesion in the middle third of tooth 22 was detected. Under local anaesthesia and rubber dam isolation, an access cavity was prepared and the root canal was shaped using K-files under copious irrigation with 1% NaOCl, 17% EDTA and distilled water...
April 25, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429956/efficacy-of-piezocision-on-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#20
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of piezocision as an adjunctive procedure to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials that investigated the effectiveness of piezocision on accelerating orthodontic tooth movement were identified through electronic and manual searches. The literature search, study inclusion, risk of bias assessment, and data extraction were performed by two reviewers independently...
April 21, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
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