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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644578/functional-mri-and-laser-evoked-potentials-evaluation-in-charcot-marie-tooth-syndrome
#1
Simona De Salvo, Lilla Bonanno, Roberto Giorgianni, Nunzio Muscarà, Francesco Freni, Fabrizia Caminiti, Demetrio Milardi, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. Pain is a less common symptom complained by CMT patients. We described a case of a 39-year-old male patient affect by Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease compared to five healthy controls (HC), to assess the sensory and the nociceptive pathways by using LEPs recording associated to fMRI examination, to find an "objective" marker which could be used in the management of CMT patient. The nociceptive system was evaluated by laser-evoked potentials (LEPs)...
April 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625028/effectiveness-of-drainage-in-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Shaopeng Liu, Zhu You, Chuan Ma, Ye Wang, Huaqiang Zhao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based evaluation of the impact of surgical drainage after the removal of mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medline (PubMed), Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials up to September 1, 2017. Postoperative variables, including facial swelling, trismus, and pain, were calculated early (2 to 3 days) and late (5 to 7 days) after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623214/mandibular-osteomyelitis-due-to-raoultella-species
#3
Philip W Lam, Manal Tadros, Ignatius W Fong
Introduction: Raoultella is a genus of aerobic Gram-negative bacilli belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that are commonly found in water, soil and aquatic environments. With improved bacterial identification techniques, Raoultella species (namely R. planticola and R. ornithinolytica ) have been an increasingly reported cause of infections in humans. Case presentation: An 85-year-old man presented to hospital with a several-week history of left jaw pain and trismus...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619378/nonsurgical-clinical-management-of-periapical-lesions-using-calcium-hydroxide-iodoform-silicon-oil-paste
#4
Qusai Al Khasawnah, Fathi Hassan, Deeksha Malhan, Markus Engelhardt, Diaa Eldin S Daghma, Dima Obidat, Katrin S Lips, Thaqif El Khassawna, Christian Heiss
Background: The study aim is to avoid tooth extraction by nonsurgical treatment of periapical lesion. It assesses healing progress in response to calcium hydroxide-iodoform-silicon oil paste (CHISP). Numeric Pain Rating Scale was used to validate the approach. Furthermore, CHISP was used to treat cystic lesions secondary to posttraumatic avulsion of permanent teeth. Materials and Methods: Over 200 patients with radicular cysts were treated with CHISP through the root canal...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603710/utilizing-the-gentlewave%C3%A2-system-for-debridement-of-undetected-apical-anatomy
#5
Michael W Ford
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Debriding and disinfecting complex anatomies within the root canal system pose a major challenge during root canal therapy. Even with current chemomechanical techniques, debris and bacterial remnants are commonly left behind, which are generally believed to increase the risk of endodontic failure. This case details the use of a new technique to debride complex apical anatomy in a maxillary molar. CASE REPORT: A 48-year-old female presented to the clinic with a chief complaint of increasing pain in her tooth...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599807/analgesic-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-diethyl-ether-and-n-hexane-extract-of-polyalthia-suberosa-leaves
#6
Nelufar Yasmen, Md Abdullah Aziz, Afsana Tajmim, Mst Irin Akter, Amit Kumar Hazra, S M Mushiur Rahman
In folk medicine, Polyalthia suberosa is used as abortifacient, laxative, febrifuge analgesic, filler of tooth cavities, and anti-HIV drug and for rheumatism and various skin infections. The present study was directed to evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of diethyl ether and n-hexane extracts of Polyalthia suberosa leaves (PSDE and PSNH). A variety of tests including formalin-induced paw licking test, acetic acid induced writhing test, and tail immersion test were used to assess the analgesic activity...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599594/evaluation-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-randomized-control-study
#7
Guneet Guram, Rajesh Kumar Reddy, Anand M Dharamsi, Prabhu Mahin Syed Ismail, Samvit Mishra, M Dave Prakashkumar
Background: Fixed orthodontic treatment is time-consuming procedure. Pain is usually associated with orthodontic treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) duration and pain perception. Materials and Methods: This randomized double-blind splint-mouth controlled clinical study includes 20 (8 males and 12 females) orthodontic patients requiring bilateral canine retraction. Time taken for canine retraction with LLLT (Group A) over control (Group B) quadrant on the same patient was assessed along with pain experience using facial pain scale...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588616/optimal-management-of-orthodontic-pain
#8
REVIEW
Francielle Topolski, Alexandre Moro, Gisele Maria Correr, Sasha Cristina Schimim
Pain is an undesirable side effect of orthodontic tooth movement, which causes many patients to give up orthodontic treatment or avoid it altogether. The aim of this study was to investigate, through an analysis of the scientific literature, the best method for managing orthodontic pain. The methodological aspects involved careful definition of keywords and diligent search in databases of scientific articles published in the English language, without any restriction of publication date. We recovered 1281 articles...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569452/single-tooth-anaesthesia-a-new-approach-to-the-paediatric-patient-a-clinical-experimental-study
#9
L Giannetti, E Forabosco, E Spinas, D Re, A Murri Dello Diago
AIM: The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of the STA Wand System with respect to pain and fear reduction in paediatric patients and by using the Single Tooth Anaesthesia (STA) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients included children and teenagers between 6 and 17 years of age, who required the administration of local anaesthesia prior to expected treatments. Local anaesthesia was performed by means of the electronic STA Wand System (Milestone scientific...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#10
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564967/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-dental-anxiety-among-medical-and-dental-students-of-the-northern-state-medical-university-arkhangelsk-north-west-russia
#11
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564218/effects-of-single-dose-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-associated-with-the-initial-stage-of-fixed-orthodontic-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Irfan Qamruddin, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Habiba Abdullah, Muhammad Abdullah Kamran, Nausheen Jawaid, Verda Mahroof
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the analgesic effect of a single application of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on spontaneous pain and pain on chewing after placement of initial archwires. Methods: Forty-two patients (26 women, 16 men) were randomly recruited for this split-mouth randomized clinical trial. Each patient received super-elastic nickel-titanium (NiTi) initial archwires (0.012, 0.014, 0.016, and 0.018-inch [in]) in the maxilla for leveling and alignment for an interval of 4 weeks between archwires...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563435/meth-mouth-a-growing-epidemic-in-dentistry
#13
Andreas Pabst, Juan Carlos Castillo-Duque, Axel Mayer, Marcus Klinghuber, Richard Werkmeister
In the past two decades, the synthetic style and fashion drug "crystal meth" ("crystal", "meth"), chemically representing the crystalline form of the methamphetamine hydrochloride, has become more and more popular in the United States, in Eastern Europe, and just recently in Central and Western Europe. "Meth" is cheap, easy to synthesize and to market, and has an extremely high potential for abuse and dependence. As a strong sympathomimetic, "meth" has the potency to switch off hunger, fatigue and, pain while simultaneously increasing physical and mental performance...
October 30, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559836/orofacial-manifestations-and-temporomandibular-disorders-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-an-observational-study
#14
Vito Crincoli, Mariasevera Di Comite, Mariateresa Guerrieri, Rossana Patricia Rotolo, Luisa Limongelli, Angela Tempesta, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Rinaldi, Giovanni Lapadula, Gianfranco Favia
AIMS : Sjӧgren Syndrome is a disorder involving oral tissues, with xerostomia, dysgeusia, dysphagia, tooth decay, gingivitis, angular cheilitis and glossitis. Temporomandibular disorders are a generic term referred to clinical conditions involving the jaw muscles and temporomandibular joint. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral manifestations and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in Sjӧgren Syndrome (SS) patients compared with healthy people. METHODS : The study group included 72 SS patients (2 men, 70 women) diagnosed according to the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) Criteria...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541167/effect-of-painless-sta-on-tooth-extraction-of-elderly-patients-with-periodontal-diseases
#15
Li Feng, Haiming Wang, Ming Lin
This study compared the effects of tooth extractions under novel painless single tooth anesthesia (STA) and conventional anesthesia on elderly patients with periodontal diseases, and the impact of painless STA on clinical indicators of the patients. Elderly patients (n=116) with periodontal diseases who were treated in Jinan Central Hospital were selected to undergo extraction operation on loose teeth; all the patients were randomly divided into two groups. The tooth extraction operations were performed after painless STA and cartridge anesthesia; the effects of the tooth extraction operations and the operation time were recorded; Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Kuttner facial expression scale, Frankl treatment compliance scale and Houpt behavior rating scale were utilized to assess and record the clinical indicators of the patients during the operations; the impacts of the two anesthesia techniques on the effect of the tooth extraction of patients with periodontal diseases were comprehensively analyzed...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533385/the-burden-of-orofacial-pain-in-a-socially-deprived-and-culturally-diverse-area-of-the-united-kingdom
#16
Easter Joury, Eduardo Bernabe, Jennifer E Gallagher, Wagner Marcenes
Little is known about the burden and impact of orofacial pain in deprived areas, and whether it mediates the relationship between socio-economic position (SEP) and impacts on daily life. We analysed data from a representative sample of 2,168 adults, aged 16-65 years, from the East London Oral Health Inequality study. Participants completed a validated questionnaire on demographics, SEP (area deprivation), orofacial pain (by anatomical site) in the past month and impacts related to oral conditions on daily life...
March 12, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526300/defining-centric-relation
#17
Jonathan P Wiens, Gary R Goldstein, Mark Andrawis, Mijin Choi, Jennifer W Priebe
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Multiple definitions of centric relation (CR) have evolved over time that may have created confusion or impeded understanding. A recent attempt to achieve a singular definition by surveying the members of the Academy of Prosthodontics (AP) did not achieve majority consensus. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify those aspects or attributes within the existing definitions of CR in which there was agreement or disagreement among the members of the AP...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525923/single-tooth-anesthesia-versus-conventional-anesthesia-a-cross-over-study
#18
Vincenzo Campanella, Antonio Libonati, Roberto Nardi, Vincenzo Angotti, Gianni Gallusi, Edoardo Montemurro, Maurizio D'Amario, Giuseppe Marzo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare an electronic device, the Wand Injection System (Milestone Scientific Livingstone), with conventional anesthesia in terms of the following: pain sensation during anesthetic injection; effectiveness in achieving adequate anesthesia for a complete painless dental treatment; post-operative discomfort; and patient's anxiety toward dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty adults from 18 to 70 years were enrolled in this cross-over study...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523381/iatrogenic-trigeminal-post-traumatic-neuropathy-a-retrospective-two-year-cohort-study
#19
Y Klazen, F Van der Cruyssen, M Vranckx, M Van Vlierberghe, C Politis, T Renton, R Jacobs
With the growing demand for dental work, trigeminal nerve injuries are increasingly common. This retrospective cohort study examined 53 cases of iatrogenic trigeminal nerve injury seen at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals of Leuven between 2013 and 2014 (0.6% among 8845 new patient visits). Patient records were screened for post-traumatic trigeminal nerve neuropathy caused by nerve injury incurred during implant surgery, endodontic treatment, local anaesthesia, tooth extraction, or specifically third molar removal...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521749/root-fracture-as-complication-of-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#20
Pedro Henrique de Azambuja Carvalho, Robson Rodrigues Garcia, Cristiane Bonanato Estrela, Valfrido Antônio Pereira Filho
A 23 year old male patient was submitted to surgical assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). There were any postoperative complications until the finish of orthodontic expansion process. However, in the 30th postoperative day, patient mentioned pain in upper central incisor. Periapical radiography evidenced a root fracture of central upper right incisor. After endodontic treatment, the fractured apex was removed. After 3 years of follow-up, the patient finished orthodontics, and the damaged tooth was in good aspect...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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