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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043507/extraction-of-mandibular-premolars-and-molars-comparison-between-local-infiltration-via-pressure-syringe-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-anesthesia
#1
Daniel G E Thiem, Florian Schnaith, Caroline M E Van Aken, Anne Köntges, Vinay V Kumar, Bilal Al-Nawas, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficiency of local infiltration anesthesia administered with a pressure syringe (P-INF) via a special technique versus direct block anesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve (IANB) for tooth extraction in the posterior mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, 101 teeth in 101 patients were extracted in the posterior mandible under local anesthesia whereby two different administration techniques were used (P-INF n = 48; IANB n = 53)...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034443/prospective-clinical-study-comparing-intraligamentary-anesthesia-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-for-extraction-of-posterior-mandibular-teeth
#2
P W Kämmerer, A Adubae, I Buttchereit, D G E Thiem, M Daubländer, B Frerich
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of intraligamentary anesthesia (ILA) with conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for extraction of mandibular posterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial, a total of 301 mandibular posterior teeth were extracted in 266 patients. Randomization was conducted into those who received ILA (patients n = 98; teeth n = 105) and those who received IANB (patient n = 140; teeth n = 140)...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033088/evaluation-of-effect-of-foraminal-enlargement-of-necrotic-teeth-on-postoperative-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Erlange Andrade Borges Silva, Ludmila Silva Guimarães, Erika Calvano Küchler, Lívia Azeredo A Antunes, Leonardo Santos Antunes
INTRODUCTION: The intentional enlargement of the apical foramen is designed to reduce the microbial load in the apical foramen, or even beyond, to levels more favorable for repair. This study provides a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the PICOS question: in adult patients who undergo endodontic treatment, does foraminal enlargement (FE) cause different postoperative symptoms in comparison with conventional endodontic treatment? METHODS: The PROSPERO registration number is CRD42017059921 and was conducted following the PRISMA statements...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024833/health-of-vlbw-infants-in-germany-at-five-years-of-age-what-do-parents-describe
#4
Juliane Spiegler, Guido Stichtenoth, Inke R König, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
BACKGROUND: There are only few data on medical problems and utilization of health services of former very low birth weight (VLBW) children at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: At five years of age parents of a cohort of VLBW children (N=862) received questionnaires, a medical interview and examination. The results were compared to the KIGGS cohort (Deutscher-Kinder-und Jugendgesundheitssurvey, N=777). RESULTS: Parents of the VLBW and KIGGS cohort reported a very good or good health in 95% in their children...
October 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023745/prevention-of-tooth-loss-and-dental-pain-for-reducing-the-global-burden-of-oral-diseases
#5
Susan Hyde, Veronique Dupuis, Boipelo P Mariri, Sophie Dartevelle
Population ageing is a global phenomenon and is predicted to become one of the most significant social transformations of the 21st century. The anticipated demographic shift provides governments the opportunity to proactively align policies with the estimated demands for housing, transportation, social protection, and health and well-being. Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being, and is influenced by the individual's changing experience, perceptions, expectations and ability to adapt to circumstances...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017289/comparative-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-lignocaine-containing-topical-anesthetic-agents-during-extraction-of-deciduous-anterior-teeth
#6
Mythri Sarpangala, Ashwin Devasya, Ashford L George
To evaluate the efficacy of 2%, 4% Lignocaine, EMLA mixture and Precaine topical anaesthetic agents (with 1:1, 00,000 epinephrine) during the extraction of deciduous anterior tooth. Eighty patients with pre-shedding mobility of deciduous anterior tooth were divided randomly into four groups. Lignocaine, in amount of 2% and 4%, Precaine and EMLA topical anaesthetic agents were applied and the tooth was extracted. VAS has been used to assess the subjective pain while Wong-Baker faces scale and SEM pain scale have been used to record the objective pain to check the efficacy of these topical anaesthetic agents...
October 9, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978271/feline-dental-implants-long-term-follow-up-of-two-cases
#7
Rocco E Mele, Anthony Caiafa, Gregori M Kurtzman
Dental implants have become an option for replacement of lost canine teeth in cats. Although cats appear to manage well after a canine extraction, complications such as lip entrapment can occur after maxillary canine tooth extraction. Even cats with a complicated crown fracture of the maxillary canine tooth that have had root canal therapy can develop lip entrapment. This can lead to painful lip ulcers and potential need for further dental treatment. Canine tooth replacement with a dental implant and prosthodontic crown is, in the authors' experience, a predictable option that can be offered to clients who would like to replace a lost canine tooth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975429/innovative-intraoral-cooling-device-better-tolerated-and-equally-effective-as-ice-cooling
#8
Java Walladbegi, Martin Gellerstedt, Anncarin Svanberg, Mats Jontell
PURPOSE: Most of the patients who receive myeloablative therapy prior to stem cell transplantation develop oral mucositis (OM). This adverse reaction manifests as oral mucosal erythema and ulcerations and may require high doses of morphine for pain alleviation. OM may also interfere with food intake and result in weight loss, a need for parenteral nutrition, and impaired quality of life. To date, there have been very few studies of evidence-based interventions for the prevention of OM...
October 3, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974709/a-novel-method-in-the-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-buccal-drainage
#9
Ting Hu, Ji Zhang, Jing Zhi Ma, Le Nan Shao, Yi Fei Gu, Dian Qi Li, Liang Jiang, Yun Qiang Yang
Food impaction after impacted mandibular third molar extraction is a serious problem that should not be ignored. Incomplete suturing of the distal incision in the conventional method is the main cause of food impaction and delayed wound healing. The present study introduces a novel suture and drainage technology that requires hermetic suturing of the distal incision and rubber drainage for buccal drainage. 76 patients with horizontally/mesially impacted third molars (bilateral) were enrolled in this prospective study...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961427/comparison-of-clinical-efficacies-of-preoperatively-initiated-naproxen-sodium-codeine-phosphate-in-combination-diclofenac-potassium-and-benzydamine-hydrochloride-for%C3%A2-pain-edema-and-trismus-after%C3%A2-extraction-of-impacted-lower%C3%A2-third-molar-a-randomized-double
#10
Levent Cigerim, Cennet Neslihan Eroglu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacies of naproxen sodium-codeine phosphate in combination, benzydamine hydrochloride, and diclofenac potassium for pain, edema, and trismus after lower third molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety healthy volunteers in whom impacted third molar extraction was indicated were randomly distributed into 3 groups. One hour before the tooth-extraction process, patients were administered one of the following drugs: naproxen sodium, 550 mg, and codeine phosphate, 30 mg, in a tablet; diclofenac potassium, 50 mg, in a coated pill; or benzydamine hydrochloride, 50 mg, in a coated pill...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957954/capnocytophaga-canimorsus-endophthalmitis-after-cataract-surgery-linked-to-salivary-dog-to-human-transmission
#11
François Thommen, Onya Opota, Gilbert Greub, Katia Jaton, Yan Guex-Crosier, Thomas J Wolfensberger, Alexandre Matet
PURPOSE: To describe a case of acute postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis because of Capnocytophaga canimorsus after cataract surgery, with probable contamination through salivary droplets of dog two days after the procedure. METHODS: An 83-year-old woman who underwent uncomplicated cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation, presented 12 days later with acute pain, redness, and vision loss in her left eye. Visual acuity was hand motion and clinical findings suggested the diagnosis of acute postoperative endophthalmitis...
September 27, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955676/a-rare-cause-of-intranasal-mass-bilateral-ectopic-nasal-teeth
#12
Hasan-Emre Koçak, Kadir Özdamar, Bekir Bilgi, Harun Acıpayam
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic teeth occur in a wide variety of sites, including the maxillary sinus, mandibular condyle, coronoid process, orbital, and nasal cavities. Reported symptoms and signs associated with nasal teeth include facial pain, external nasal deformities, foul-smelling rhinorrhea, recurrent epistaxis, and oronasal fistula. Ectopic teeth occurring bilaterally in the nasal cavity is very very rare. CASE REPORT: A bilateral intranasal ectopic teeth case, which is asymptomatic on the right side and symptomatic on the left side, is presented...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947040/comparison-of-titrable-thermoplastic-versus-custom-made-mandibular-advancement-device-for-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#13
Frédéric Gagnadoux, Xuan-Lan Nguyen, Marc Le Vaillant, Pascaline Priou, Nicole Meslier, Audrey Eberlein, Jean-Daniel Kun-Darbois, Cyril Chaufton, Bruno Villiers, Maguy Levy, Wojciech Trzépizur, Sandrine Launois
BACKGOUND AND OBJECTIVES: The disadvantages of custom-made mandibular advancement devices (MAD) for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) therapy are the cost and delay required to manufacture the device. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a titrable, thermoplastic MAD compared to a custom-made MAD for OSA therapy. METHODS: In this prospective nonrandomized study, 158 patients with OSA from two French sleep centers were treated for 6 months with a titrable thermoplastic MAD (n = 86) or a custom-made MAD (n = 72)...
October 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944126/oral-hygiene-practices-and-teeth-cleaning-techniques-among-medical-students
#14
Sajida Naseem, Syeda H Fatima, Haider Ghazanfar, Sana Haq, Najeeb A Khan, Moeez Mehmood, Ali Ghazanfar
Objectives Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infections and sores, periodontal disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual's capacity to bite, chew, smile, and speak; it affects psychosocial well-being too. The objective of our study was to assess teeth cleaning techniques and oral hygiene practices among medical students. Methods The data of the study were collected in two stages...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943223/-the-mouth-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#15
REVIEW
Christine Cortet-Rudelli
Orofacial changes are frequent in acromegaly. Their evolution is slowly progressive. The lips (everted and thickened), the mandibular morphology (prognathism), the tongue (macroglossia), the soft palate and the uvula (increased and thickened), the parodontis (gingival hyperplasia, paradontitis), the teeth (increased interdental spaces, hypercementosis, increased dental mobility, multiple tooth loss) are concerned. Functional consequences are significant (obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, malocclusion, pain of the oral maxillofacial area, decrease of the quality of life)...
September 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942599/quality-of-life-related-to-oral-health-of-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-and-associated-factors
#16
Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, José Régis Cordeiro da Silva, Tomas Lucio Marques de Almeida Lima, Renata de Souza Coelho Soares, Sérgio d'Ávila
PURPOSE: To evaluate quality of life related to oral health (QoLROH) of Brazilians undergoing hemodialysis and to identify associated factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 226 patients undergoing hemodialysis at two reference medical centers. Participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Descriptive and multivariate statistics using Decision Tree Analysis by the Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) algorithm, as well as Ordinal Logistic Regression analyses were performed...
September 24, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920110/painful-neuropathy-caused-by-compression-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-by-focal-osteosclerotic-lesion-of-the-mandible-a-case-report
#17
David Debevc, Tomaž Hitij, Andrej Kansky
Osteosclerotic lesions are a common finding on dental radiographs. They are considered developmental variants of a normal bone architecture and they usually do not need any treatment. The purpose of this article is to present a rare case of osteosclerotic lesion of the mandible causing trigeminal neuropathy by compression of the alveolar nerve. The pain started with dental hypersensitivity of the mandibular right first molar. Later on, signs of irreversible molar tooth pulpitis developed. Endodontic therapy and apicoectomy did not resolve the pain, which later intensified, and painful neuropathy localized to inferior alveolar nerve developed; therefore, surgical decompression was indicated...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894386/oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-endodontic-pathologies
#18
Veiko Vengerfeldt, Reet Mändar, Mare Saag, Anneli Piir, Tiiu Kullisaar
BACKGROUND: Apical periodontitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease affecting periradicular tissues. It is a widespread condition but its etiopathogenetic mechanisms have not been completely elucidated and the current treatment options are not always successful. PURPOSE: To compare oxidative stress (OxS) levels in the saliva and the endodontium (root canal [RC] contents) in patients with different endodontic pathologies and in endodontically healthy subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group of this comparison study included 22 subjects with primary chronic apical periodontitis (pCAP), 26 with posttreatment or secondary chronic apical periodontitis (sCAP), eight with acute periapical abscess, 13 with irreversible pulpitis, and 17 healthy controls...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888853/monitoring-guidance-for-patients-with-hypophosphatasia-treated-with-asfotase-alfa
#19
REVIEW
Priya S Kishnani, Eric T Rush, Paul Arundel, Nick Bishop, Kathryn Dahir, William Fraser, Paul Harmatz, Agnès Linglart, Craig F Munns, Mark E Nunes, Howard M Saal, Lothar Seefried, Keiichi Ozono
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare, inherited, systemic, metabolic disorder caused by autosomal recessive mutations or a single dominant-negative mutation in the gene encoding tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). The disease is associated with a broad range of signs, symptoms, and complications, including impaired skeletal mineralization, altered calcium and phosphate metabolism, recurrent fractures, pain, respiratory problems, impaired growth and mobility, premature tooth loss, developmental delay, and seizures...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885317/ridge-preservation-after-maxillary-third-molar-extraction-using-30-porosity-plga-ha-%C3%AE-tcp-scaffolds-with-and-without-simvastatin-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Miguel Noronha Oliveira, Levy Hermes Rau, Aline Marodin, Márcio Corrêa, Letícia Ruhland Corrêa, Aguedo Aragones, Ricardo de Souza Magini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinically and radiographically, in humans, the healing of maxillary third molars postextraction sockets after application of different ridge preservation techniques 3 months after tooth extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six sockets (13 patients) were randomly assigned to 4 treatment modalities: deproteinized bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen (DBBM-C), poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) with hydroxyapatite/β-TCP scaffold (PLGA/HA), PLGA/HA/β-TCP with 2...
September 6, 2017: Implant Dentistry
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