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cardiology, Asthma, COPD,

Karen B Farris, Barry L Carter, Yinghui Xu, Jeffrey D Dawson, Constance Shelsky, David B Weetman, Peter J Kaboli, Paul A James, Alan J Christensen, John M Brooks
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists may improve medication-related outcomes during transitions of care. The aim of the Iowa Continuity of Care Study was to determine if a pharmacist case manager (PCM) providing a faxed discharge medication care plan from a tertiary care institution to primary care could improve medication appropriateness and reduce adverse events, rehospitalization and emergency department visits. METHODS: Design. Randomized, controlled trial of 945 participants assigned to enhanced, minimal and usual care groups conducted 2007 to 2012...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
Daniel A Lichtenstein
Lung ultrasound is a basic application of critical ultrasound, defined as a loop associating urgent diagnoses with immediate therapeutic decisions. It requires the mastery of ten signs: the bat sign (pleural line), lung sliding (yielding seashore sign), the A-line (horizontal artifact), the quad sign, and sinusoid sign indicating pleural effusion, the fractal, and tissue-like sign indicating lung consolidation, the B-line, and lung rockets indicating interstitial syndrome, abolished lung sliding with the stratosphere sign suggesting pneumothorax, and the lung point indicating pneumothorax...
January 9, 2014: Annals of Intensive Care
Józefa Dabek, Tomasz Lepich, Grazyna Bonek-Wytrych, Jacek Koj, Danuta Gierek, Jarosław Markowski, Grzegorz Bajor
UNLABELLED: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a reason of many infectious diseases, from prosy respiratory tract infections to the grave bacterial hematosepsis which often is a cause of patients death. Infection spreads with droplets or sometimes by direct contact. Symptomatic Staphylococcal infections most often unfold as a otitis, sinusitis, broncho-pneumonia and lobal pneumonia or as a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bronchial asthma aggravation or they can be the cause of many other illnesses like: meningitis and encephalitis, endocarditis, epicarditis, peritonitis, arthritis and hematosepsis...
August 2012: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Paweł Matusik, Marzena Dubiel, Barbara Wizner, Małgorzata Fedyk-Łukasik, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Grzegorz Opolski, Jacek Dubiel, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is strongly associated with aging. It affects 10-12% of patients older than 80 years, with five-year overall mortality after first hospitalization for HF being as high as 81%. The main objective of this study was to assess the diagnosis and treatment of HF in hospitalized octogenarians compared to younger subjects. METHODS: The survey was performed among a random sample of all Polish hospitals and in all academic centers, as part of the National Project of Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases in Poland -- POLKARD...
2012: Cardiology Journal
Xavier Garcia-Moll, Lorenzo Fácila, Pedro Conthe, Antonio Zapata, Remei Artigas, Vicente Bertomeu, José Ramón González-Juanatey
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Beta-blocker treatment has a class I indication, level of evidence A, in guidelines for the treatment of heart failure, ischemic heart disease, and atrial fibrillation. However, beta-blocker use continues to be less than optimal. In this study, beta blocker use in Spain is analyzed in patients with heart failure, ischemic heart disease, and atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Observational, epidemiologic, cross-sectional, multicenter study including 1608 patients with heart failure, ischemic heart disease, and/or atrial fibrillation, recruited in 150 healthcare centers by cardiologists and internal medicine specialists...
October 2011: Revista Española de Cardiología
Grégoire Lagger, Zoltan Pataky, Alain Golay
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical, methodological and reporting aspects of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in order to determine the efficacy of therapeutic patient education (TPE). METHODS: A thorough search of the medical and nursing literature recorded in MedLine database from 1999 to August 2009 was conducted using the keywords: patient education, efficacy, diabetes, asthma, COPD, hypertension, cardiology, obesity, rheumatology, and oncology. RESULTS: Thirty five relevant meta-analyses were identified and initially selected for critical analyses (598 studies concerning approximately 61,000 patients)...
June 2010: Patient Education and Counseling
R Loddenkemper, R Dierkesmann, N Konietzko, R Kropp, B Wiesner, V Seehausen
During the first half of its 100-year history, tuberculosis was predominant in the German Society of Pneumology (DGP). This led largely to the separation of pneumology from internal medicine, particularly in the universities. Since the 1960s, the spectrum of respiratory diseases has changed considerably. Asthma, COPD, lung cancer, and pneumonia today rank among the most widespread diseases. Numerous new diagnostic and therapeutic methods have induced dramatic changes in the field of pneumology. Today, pneumology, together with cardiology and gastroenterology, belongs to the major specialties of internal medicine...
January 2010: Pneumologie
Paolo Rizza, Aida Bianco, Maria Pavia, Italo F Angelillo
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSC), such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, are conditions that can be managed with timely and effective outpatient care reducing the need of hospitalization. Avoidable hospitalizations for ACSC have been used to assess access, quality and performance of the primary care delivery system. The aims of this study were to quantify the proportion of avoidable hospital admissions for ACSCs, to identify the related patient's socio-demographic profile and health conditions, to assess the relationship between the primary care access characteristics and preventable hospitalizations, and the usefulness of avoidable hospitalizations for ACSCs to monitor the effectiveness of primary health care...
2007: BMC Health Services Research
H Kirchner
Since 2003, structured treatment programs for chronically ill patients (disease management programs; DMPs) have been under development in Germany. Virtually nationwide, programs in which physicians and patients can register are being offered for diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2, breast cancer, coronary heart disease and asthma/COPD. The medical content of the programs is determined on the basis of evidence-based medicine. Even though the effectiveness of structured treatment programs is documented for diabetes, adequate studies confirming the overall transferability of results to the German health care system are as yet lacking...
2005: Zeitschrift Für Kardiologie
N Azzouzi, M Elhataoui, A Bakhatar, B Takourt, A Benslimane
Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been often associated with several chronic diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). The spectrum of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been expanded to the association with coronary heart disease (CHD). In Morocco, the implication of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in these pathologies is unknown. The aim of our study was to determine the relationship between infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae and respiratory pathology and atherosclerosis...
March 2005: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Rainer W Hauck, J Christian Virchow
Treatment options for bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are similar and can achieve adequate improvement or even control of symptoms with a relatively low risk of side effects. CARDIOVASCULAR SIDE EFFECTS OF BETA-AGONISTS: However, cardiovascular co-morbidities which increase with age lead to an increasing prevalence of therapy-related side effects especially when long- and short-acting beta 2-agonists and theophylline are being used. Both drugs can also mediate unwanted side effects on the heart...
June 15, 2002: Medizinische Klinik
J R Brouwers
Advanced and controlled drug delivery systems are important for clinical disease management. In this review the most important new systems which have reached clinical application are highlighted. Microbiologically controlled drug delivery is important for gastrointestinal diseases like ulcerative colitis and distally localized Crohn's disease. In cardiology the more classic controlled release systems have improved patient compliance and decreased side effects. In the treatment of intractable pain the spinal and transdermal route is well documented...
October 1996: Pharmacy World & Science: PWS
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