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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346626/preparing-residents-for-teaching-careers-the-faculty-for-tomorrow-resident-workshop
#1
Steven Lin, Paul Gordon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Progress toward growing the primary care workforce is at risk of being derailed by an emerging crisis: a critical shortage of family medicine faculty. In response to the faculty shortage, the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine (STFM) launched a 2-year initiative called "Faculty for Tomorrow" (F4T). The F4T Task Force created a workshop designed to increase residents' interest in, and prepare them for, careers in academic family medicine. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of this workshop...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342442/comparison-of-qsofa-and-sirs-for-predicting-adverse-outcomes-of-patients-with-suspicion-of-sepsis-outside-the-intensive-care-unit
#2
Eli J Finkelsztein, Daniel S Jones, Kevin C Ma, Maria A Pabón, Tatiana Delgado, Kiichi Nakahira, John E Arbo, David A Berlin, Edward J Schenck, Augustine M K Choi, Ilias I Siempos
BACKGROUND: The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) Task Force recently introduced a new clinical score termed quick Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) for identification of patients at risk of sepsis outside the intensive care unit (ICU). We attempted to compare the discriminatory capacity of the qSOFA versus the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) score for predicting mortality, ICU-free days, and organ dysfunction-free days in patients with suspicion of infection outside the ICU...
March 26, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342083/classification-of-advanced-stages-of-parkinson-s-disease-translation-into-stratified-treatments
#3
REVIEW
Rejko Krüger, Jochen Klucken, Daniel Weiss, Lars Tönges, Pierre Kolber, Stefan Unterecker, Michael Lorrain, Horst Baas, Thomas Müller, Peter Riederer
Advanced stages of Parkinson's disease (advPD) still impose a challenge in terms of classification and related stage-adapted treatment recommendations. Previous concepts that define advPD by certain milestones of motor disability apparently fall short in addressing the increasingly recognized complexity of motor and non-motor symptoms and do not allow to account for the clinical heterogeneity that require more personalized approaches. Therefore, deep phenotyping approaches are required to characterize the broad-scaled, continuous and multidimensional spectrum of disease-related motor and non-motor symptoms and their progression under real-life conditions...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340603/blunt-cardiac-injury-due-to-trauma-associated-with-snowboarding-a-case-report
#4
Fuminori Yamaji, Hideshi Okada, Yasuhiro Nakajima, Kodai Suzuki, Takahiro Yoshida, Yosuke Mizuno, Haruka Okamoto, Yuichiro Kitagawa, Taku Tanaka, Shiho Nakano, Sho Nachi, Tomoaki Doi, Keisuke Kumada, Shozo Yoshida, Narihiro Ishida, Katsuya Shimabukuro, Hiroaki Ushikoshi, Izumi Toyoda, Kiyoshi Doi, Shinji Ogura
BACKGROUND: Cardiac trauma is associated with a much higher mortality rate than injuries to other organ systems, even though cardiac trauma is identified in less than 10% of all trauma admissions. Here we report blunt trauma of the left atrium due to snowboarding trauma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old Asian man collided with a tree while he was snowboarding and drinking. He lost consciousness temporarily. An air ambulance was requested and he was transported to an advanced critical care center...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340128/crossing-the-health-it-chasm-considerations-and-policy-recommendations-to-overcome-current-challenges-and-enable-value-based-care
#5
Julia Adler-Milstein, Peter J Embi, Blackford Middleton, Indra Neil Sarkar, Jeff Smith
While great progress has been made in digitizing the US health care system, today's health information technology (IT) infrastructure remains largely a collection of systems that are not designed to support a transition to value-based care. In addition, the pursuit of value-based care, in which we deliver better care with better outcomes at lower cost, places new demands on the health care system that our IT infrastructure needs to be able to support. Provider organizations pursuing new models of health care delivery and payment are finding that their electronic systems lack the capabilities needed to succeed...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338740/the-role-of-vip-in-social-behavior-neural-hotspots-for-the-modulation-of-affiliation-aggression-and-parental-care
#6
Marcy A Kingsbury, Leah C Wilson
Although the modulation of social behaviors by most major neurochemical systems has been explored, there are still standouts, including the study of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). VIP is a modulator of circadian, reproductive, and seasonal rhythms and is well known for its role in reproductive behavior, as it is the main vertebrate prolactin-releasing hormone. Originally isolated as a gut peptide, VIP and its cognate receptors are present in virtually every brain area that is important for social behavior, including all nodes of the core "social behavior network" (SBN)...
December 16, 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338416/impact-of-a-complex-care-management-model-on-cost-and-utilization-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-special-care-and-health-needs
#7
Daniel D Maeng, Susan R Snyder, Thomas W Davis, Janet F Tomcavage
Adolescents and young adults with special care and health needs in the United States-many of whom have Medicaid coverage-at the transition phase between pediatric and adult care often experience critical care gaps. To address this challenge, a new model-referred to as Comprehensive Care Clinic (CCC)-has been developed and implemented by Geisinger Health System since 2012. CCC comprises a care team, consisting of a generalist physician, advanced practitioner, pharmacist, and a nurse case manager, that develops and closely follows a coordinated care plan...
March 24, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334628/superwetting-and-aptamer-functionalized-shrink-induced-high-surface-area-electrochemical-sensors
#8
A Hauke, L S Selva Kumar, M Y Kim, J Pegan, M Khine, H Li, K W Plaxco, J Heikenfeld
Electrochemical sensing is moving to the forefront of point-of-care and wearable molecular sensing technologies due to the ability to miniaturize the required equipment, a critical advantage over optical methods in this field. Electrochemical sensors that employ roughness to increase their microscopic surface area offer a strategy to combatting the loss in signal associated with the loss of macroscopic surface area upon miniaturization. A simple, low-cost method of creating such roughness has emerged with the development of shrink-induced high surface area electrodes...
March 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333820/committee-opinion-no-692-emergent-therapy-for-acute-onset-severe-hypertension-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#9
(no author information available yet)
Acute-onset, severe systolic hypertension; severe diastolic hypertension; or both can occur during the prenatal, intrapartum, or postpartum periods. Pregnant women or women in the postpartum period with acute-onset, severe systolic hypertension; severe diastolic hypertension; or both require urgent antihypertensive therapy. Introducing standardized, evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of patients with preeclampsia and eclampsia has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of adverse maternal outcomes...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333812/committee-opinion-no-692-summary-emergent-therapy-for-acute-onset-severe-hypertension-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#10
(no author information available yet)
Acute-onset, severe systolic hypertension; severe diastolic hypertension; or both can occur during the prenatal, intrapartum, or postpartum periods. Pregnant women or women in the postpartum period with acute-onset, severe systolic hypertension; severe diastolic hypertension; or both require urgent antihypertensive therapy. Introducing standardized, evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of patients with preeclampsia and eclampsia has been demonstrated to reduce the incidence of adverse maternal outcomes...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332367/value-of-serum-cystatin-c-measurement-in-the-diagnosis-of-sepsis-induced-kidney-injury-and-prediction-of-renal-function-recovery
#11
Ah Young Leem, Moo Suk Park, Byung Hoon Park, Won Jai Jung, Kyung Soo Chung, Song Yee Kim, Eun Young Kim, Ji Ye Jung, Young Ae Kang, Young Sam Kim, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang, Joo Han Song
PURPOSE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill patients. Serum cystatin C has emerged as a reliable marker of AKI. We sought to assess the value of serum cystatin C for early detection and prediction of renal function recovery in patients with sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sepsis patients (113 AKI patients and 49 non-AKI patients) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) were included. Serum creatinine and cystatin C levels and glomerular filtration rate were measured on days 0, 1, 3, and 7...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330829/does-telehealth-monitoring-identify-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-reduce-hospitalisations-an-analysis-of-system-data
#12
Melissa Kargiannakis, Deborah A Fitzsimmons, Claire L Bentley, Gail A Mountain
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence and associated cost of treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is unsustainable. Health care organizations are focusing on ways to support self-management and prevent hospital admissions, including telehealth-monitoring services capturing physiological and health status data. This paper reports on data captured during a pilot randomized controlled trial of telehealth-supported care within a community-based service for patients discharged from hospital following an exacerbation of their COPD...
March 22, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330460/sepsis-recognition-in-the-emergency-department-impact-on-quality-of-care-and-outcome
#13
Marius Morr, Alexander Lukasz, Eva Rübig, Hermann Pavenstädt, Philipp Kümpers
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and timely recognition of sepsis is a prerequisite for starting goal-directed therapy bundles. We analyzed the appropriateness of sepsis recognition and documentation with regard to adequacy of therapy and outcome in an internal medicine emergency department (ED). METHODS: This study included 487 consecutive patients ≥18 years of age who presented to a university hospital ED during a 4-week period. Clinical, laboratory, and follow-up data were acquired independently from documentation by ED physicians...
March 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329355/international-recommendations-for-electrocardiographic-interpretation-in-athletes
#14
Sanjay Sharma, Jonathan A Drezner, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G Wilson, Jordan M Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C Salerno, Irfan M Asif, David S Owens, Eugene H Chung, Michael S Emery, Victor F Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G Harmon, Joseph C Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F Pelto, Marco V Perez, Nathan R Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M Schmied, David M Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural, or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete...
February 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328691/factors-associated-with-discharge-home-after-transfer-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#15
Erin R Peebles, Michael R Miller, Tim P Lynch, Janice A Tijssen
OBJECTIVES: The transfer of children from community emergency departments (EDs) to tertiary care pediatric EDs for investigations, interventions, or a second opinion is common. In order to improve health care system efficiency, we must have a better understanding of this population and identify areas for education and capacity building. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients (aged 0-17 years) who were transferred from community ED to a pediatric ED from November 2013 to November 2014...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328688/prioritizing-the-care-of-critically-ill-children-in-south-africa-how-does-screen-perform-against-other-triage-tools
#16
Bhakti Hansoti, Peter Hodkinson, Lee Wallis
OBJECTIVE: Childhood mortality remains unacceptably high. In low-resource settings, children with critical illness often present for care. Current triage strategies are time consuming and require trained health care workers. To address this limitation, our team developed a simple subjective tool, SCREEN (Sick Children Require Emergency Evaluation Now), which is easy to administer, to identify critically ill children. This article presents the development of the SCREEN program and evaluates its performance when compared with other commonly implemented triage tools in low-resource settings...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328609/evaluation-of-dentoalveolar-trauma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-modified-classification-system-and-surgical-treatment-strategies-for-its-management
#17
Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania K Schoinohoriti, Minas Leventis, Ioannis Iatrou
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze dentoalveolar trauma in pediatric patients, propose a modified classification, and delineate an approach for its urgent care from the surgeon's perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients, attended at the 'A. and P. Kyriakou' Children's Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2000 to 2015, were retrieved and data were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 365 cases of dentoalveolar trauma, affecting 363 children and adolescents (221 males and 142 females), with an age range from 1 to 15 years, were treated in the authors' department...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328592/status-asthmaticus-and-central-herniation-a-case-for-multidisciplinary-critical-care
#18
Joelle B Karlik, Tristan Stani, Stephanie Nonas, Aclan Dogan, Ansgar Brambrink
A 24-year-old woman with history of asthma was intubated emergently for acute status asthmaticus triggered by acute respiratory syncytial virus infection and treated with permissive hypercapnia. Her ventilation was complicated by auto-positive end-expiratory pressure and elevated peak airway, plateau, and central venous pressures. On hospital day 2, she was noted to have anisocoria. Imaging showed diffuse cerebral edema with central herniation. Difficult ventilation and hypercapnia directly contributed to her severe cerebral edema...
March 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327497/the-mapping-competences-of-the-nurse-case-care-manager-in-the-context-of-intensive-care
#19
Emanuela Alfieri, Anna Chiara Ferrini, Francesca Gianfrancesco, Gianluca Lise, Giovanni Messana, Lorenzo Tirelli, Ana Lorenzo, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Since the recent introduction of the Case/Care Manager's professional figure, it is quite difficult to identify properly his/her own particular features, which could be mainly be found revising mainly in American studies. Therefore, the present study intended to identify the Case/Care Manager's skills and professional profile in an Intensive Care Unit experience, taking into consideration the staff's activities, perception and expectations towards the Case/Care Manager...
March 15, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326803/when-is-an-alveolar-type-2-cell-an-alveolar-type-2-cell-a-conundrum-for-lung-stem-cell-biology-and-regenerative-medicine
#20
Michael F Beers, Yuben Moodley
Generating mature, differentiated, adult lung cells from pluripotent cells such as induced pluripotent cells (iPS) and embryonic stem cells (ES) offers the hope of both generating disease specific in vitro models and creating definitive and personalized therapies for a host of debilitating lung parenchymal and airway diseases. With the goal of advancing lung regenerative medicine, several groups have developed and reported on protocols utilizing either defined media, co-culture with mesenchymal components, or sequential treatments mimicking lung development, to obtain distal lung epithelial cells from stem cell precursors...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
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