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Rebecca D Chernock, Eric J Duncavage
Salivary neuroendocrine carcinomas are rare and the overwhelming majority is high-grade. The parotid gland is the most commonly involved site followed by the submandibular gland. Most arise de novo but rare examples occurring as a high-grade transformation of another type of salivary gland neoplasm exist. There is significant morphologic and immunophenotypic overlap with neuroendocrine carcinomas of other sites, especially the skin. Like cutaneous neuroendocrine (or Merkel cell) carcinomas, approximately three-fourths are cytokeratin 20 positive...
March 20, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Michael R Pranzatelli, Tyler J Allison, Elizabeth D Tate
INTRODUCTION: Flow cytometric cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lymphocyte subset analysis has improved the diagnosis of neuroinflammation and identified multiple markers of inflammation in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS). The aim of this exploratory, retrospective study was to analyze the effect of immunotherapy on these markers to determine which agents are disease modifying. METHODS: Cross-sectional immunological observations were made in an IRB-approved case-control study, and patients were treated empirically...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Carla Dessels, Chrisna Durandt, Michael S Pepper
Pooled human platelet lysate (pHPL) has been used to expand adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) and can be formulated using fresh or expired buffy coats (BCs) which are then resuspended in either plasma or an additive solution. Not much is known about the effects that expired products and additive solutions have on ASC expansion, and the need for quality control and release criteria has been expressed. This pilot study compared proliferation, cell size, morphology and immunophenotype of ASCs expanded in the different pHPL alternatives versus foetal bovine serum (FBS)...
March 19, 2018: Platelets
Jacqueline Cloos, Jeffrey R Harris, Jeroen J W M Janssen, Angele Kelder, F Huang, Gerrit Sijm, Maike Vonk, Alexander N Snel, Jennifer R Scheick, Willemijn J Scholten, Jannemieke Carbaat-Ham, Dennis Veldhuizen, Diana Hanekamp, Yvonne J M Oussoren-Brockhoff, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Gerrit J Schuurhuis, A Kate Sasser, Gert Ossenkoppele
Response criteria in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has recently been re-established, with morphologic examination utilized to determine whether patients have achieved complete remission (CR). Approximately half of the adult patients who entered CR will relapse within 12 months due to the outgrowth of residual AML cells in the bone marrow. The quantitation of these remaining leukemia cells, known as minimal or measurable residual disease (MRD), can be a robust biomarker for the prediction of these relapses. Moreover, retrospective analysis of several studies has shown that the presence of MRD in the bone marrow of AML patients correlates with poor survival...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Purva V Sharma, Michael Witteman, Swethika Sundaravel, Tulisa Larocca, Yuanming Zhang, Harry Goldsztajn
Adult T cell lymphoma (ATL), is a peripheral T cell neoplasm associated with infection by human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV). This is a case of a 28-year-old lady who presented with back pain for the past month and recent onset weakness in her lower extremities bilaterally. She has a history of T-cell lymphoma secondary to HTLV-1 under remission since 2014 and systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by lupus nephritis. On physical examination patient had hyper-reflexia in both knees, ankle clonus bilaterally and spasticity in both her lower extremities...
February 2018: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Couger Jimenez Jaramillo, John Wojcik, Kristy Weber, Ronnie Sebro
Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumors (PHATs) are rare mesenchymal soft tissue tumors of uncertain lineage and intermediate malignancy. The present study assesses two cases of PHAT and discusses the histological and immunophenotypical features, as well as the imaging appearance of these tumors on ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography/CT scans. The current study also reviews the literature and discusses the clinical management of these tumors. Wide local excision with tumor free margins is the current recommended treatment for PHAT...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Y J Chang, H Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
W H Jia, H Mao, W R Chen, X T Yue, X X Wei, D P Li, K L Xu, Y H Huang
Objective: To explore effects of histone deacetylase inhibitor Belinostat on the immunologic function of dendritic cells (DC) and its possible mechanism. Methods: Cultured mouse bone marrow-derived DC from C57BL/6 mouse in vitro . The experiments were divided into 0, 50, 100 nmol/L Belinostat + immature DC (imDC) group, and 0, 50, 100 nmol/L Belinostat mature DC (mDC). The changes of the ultrastructure of DC were observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Immunophenotype and CCR7 expression rate were detected by FCM, and the migration rate was observed by chemotaxis assay...
January 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Maliha Khan, Rabbia Siddiqi, Kiran Naqvi
Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is an uncommon diagnosis, representing only about 2-5% of acute leukemia cases. The blast cells of MPAL express multilineage immunophenotypic markers and may have a shared B/T/myeloid phenotype. Due to historical ambiguity in the diagnosis of MPAL, the genetics and clinical features of this disease remain poorly characterized. Based on the 2008 and 2016 World Health Organization classifications, myeloid lineage is best determined by presence of myeloperoxidase, while B and T lymphoid lineages are demonstrated by CD19 and cytoplasmic CD3 expression...
March 15, 2018: Annals of Hematology
Yalda B Naeini, Ramir Arcega, Sharon Hirschowitz, Nagesh Rao, Haodong Xu
Malignant mesotheliomas are rather uncommon neoplasms associated primarily with asbestos exposure; however, they may also arise as second primary malignancies after radiation therapy, with a latency period of 15-25 years. Numerous studies have reported an association between pleural malignant mesothelioma and chest radiation performed for other malignancies; on the other hand, post-irradiation mesotheliomas of the pericardium have been reported in only a few published cases to date, and no homozygous deletion of 9p21 has been described in such cases...
February 2018: Cancer Biology & Medicine
Pankaj Soni, Pravata K Pradhan, T R Swaminathan, Neeraj Sood
A cell line, designated as PHF, has been established from caudal fin of Pangasianodon hypophthalmus. The cell line was developed using explant method and PHF cells have been subcultured for more than 72 passages over a period of 14 months. The cells were able to grow at temperatures between 24 and 32° C, with an optimum temperature of 28° C. The growth rate of PHF cells was directly proportional to FBS concentration, with optimum growth observed at 20% FBS concentration. On the basis of immunophenotyping assay, PHF cells were confirmed to be of epithelial type...
March 12, 2018: Acta Tropica
Qingkai Dai, Xiaojuan Liu, Hui Yang, Siqi Guo, Yuefang Wang, Luyun Peng, Lei Ye, Lan Chen, Chunqi Lai, Qi Chen, Ge Zhang, Yongmei Jiang
Detection of aberrant antigen expression in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by flow cytometric is proposed for the quantification of minimal residual disease (MRD). There are few studies that investigate the stability of the antigen expression in children with B lineage ALL at the end of remission induction therapy and determine its prognostic impact. Between 2010 and 2015, 691 bone marrow specimens of childhood ALL were sent at diagnosis for immunophenotypic characterization, and follow-up samples for MRD were analyzed on day 33...
March 2, 2018: Leukemia Research
Wen-Han Yu, Cormac Cosgrove, Christoph T Berger, Patrick C Cheney, Marina Krykbaeva, Arthur Y Kim, Lia Lewis-Ximenez, Georg M Lauer, Galit Alter
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) affects up to 400 million people worldwide and accounts for approximately one million deaths per year from liver pathologies. Current treatment regimens are effective in suppressing viremia but usually have to be taken indefinitely, warranting research into new therapeutic approaches. Acute HBV infection in adults almost universally results in resolution of viremia, with the exception of immunocompromised persons, suggesting that the immune response can functionally cure or even eradicate HBV infection...
2018: Pathogens & Immunity
Istvan Bodi, Anastasios Giamouriadis, Naomi Sibtain, Ross Laxton, Andrew King, Francesco Vergani
Background: Primary CNS malignant rhabdoid tumors are very rare in adults and much less is known about their biological behavior than in children. Recently, two adult cases of SMARCB1 (also known as INI1)-deficient tumor with rhabdoid cells have been described, suggesting an emerging group of primary meningeal SMARCB1-deficient tumors. We have recently encountered a case of INI1-deficient tumor with similar histology and immunophenotype to the above cases, but with a superficial cerebral, yet apparent intra-axial origin...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
Jingyi Li, Jie Xu, Lynne V Abruzzo, Guilin Tang, Shaoying Li, M James You, Gary Lu, Elias J Jabbour, Qi Deng, Carlos E Bueso-Ramos, L Jeffrey Medeiros, C Cameron Yin
We describe the clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic and molecular genetic features of 15 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(4;12)(q12;p13). There were 9 men and 6 women, with a median age of 50 years (range, 17-76). Most patients had hypercellular bone marrow with a median blast count of 58% and multilineage dysplasia. Flow cytometry analysis showed myeloid lineage with blasts positive for CD13, CD33, CD34, CD38, CD117 and HLA-DR. Interestingly, aberrant CD7 expression was detected in 12/14 cases, and myeloperoxidase was either negative (3/15) or positive in only a small subset of the blasts (12/15)...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Margareta Heby, Sebastian Lundgren, Björn Nodin, Jacob Elebro, Jakob Eberhard, Karin Jirström
BACKGROUND: Periampullary adenocarcinomas, including pancreatic cancer, are a heterogeneous group of tumors with poor prognosis, where classification into intestinal type (I-type) or pancreatobiliary type (PB-type) is a relevant prognostic factor. The clinical significance of deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) in periampullary adenocarcinoma is comparatively unexplored. Herein, we examined the associations of MMR immunophenotype with long-term survival in patients with resected periampullary adenocarcinoma, with particular reference to morphology and adjuvant treatment response...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
José A Jiménez-Heffernan, Patricia Muñoz-Hernández, Alberto Canca Velasco, Alwalid Freih Fraih, Julián Cuesta, Pilar González-Peramato, Carlos Olivier-García, Blanca Vicandi
BACKGROUND: Differentiation between normal renal cellular structures and renal tumors can be a diagnostic challenge during fine needle aspiration. It is of particular relevance during percutaneous thermal ablation because of the small size of tumors and when performing rapid on-site evaluation. METHODS: A cyto-histological correlation study assisted by immunocytochemistry was performed. The study was based on 10 nephrectomy specimens. For the identification of proximal tubular cells we used CD10 and α-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase (AMACR)...
March 14, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Gong Chen, Ya-Chi Chen, Bernhard Reis, Anton Belousov, Lori Jukofsky, Christine Rossin, Axel Muehlig, Chao Xu, Laurent Essioux, Toshihiko Ohtomo, Laura Di Laurenzio, Oscar Puig, Ray Lee
Background: Codrituzumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting an oncofetal protein glypican-3 (GPC3) expressed on cell surface of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induces antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and inhibits tumor growth in preclinical studies. Based on this mechanism, tumor GPC3 expression and CD16 expression on NK cells, which are the effector cells of ADCC, were investigated to correlate with codrituzumab's clinical efficacy in patients with advanced HCC. Results: Joint analyses of the two biomarkers revealed that both high levels of GPC3 and CD16 were required for patients to benefit from codrituzumab; lack of either one of them would lead to a loss of the therapeutic effect...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
P Wei, Y L Zhang, J L Xie, Y Y Zheng, W Liu, X G Zhou
Objective: To analyze clinical, pathological, molecular and genetic characteristics of Burkitt-like lymphoma with chromosome 11q aberration. Methods: A case of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration was presented at Beijing Friendship Hospital in November 2016 with detailed clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes, Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) status and molecular genetic characteristics. Results: The patient was a 38-year-old man presenting with the cervical lymphadenopathy. In morphology, the tumor had the similar characteristics of Burkitt lymphoma, including diffuse infiltration of medium to large lymphoid cells, and presence of"starry sky"phenomenon...
March 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
X L Shi, J L Xie, X G Zhou
Objective: To evaluate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and management of primary testicular NK/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL). Methods: Six cases of primary testicular NKTCL at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2007 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for the morphology, immunephenotype and outcome, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The median age of patients at diagnosis was 45 years(range 32-65 years). All patients presented with testicular masses as initial symptoms (6/6), five cases (5/6) were on the right...
March 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
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