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Cardiac , critical care , tuberculosis

N Mawar, T Katendra, R Bagul, S Bembalkar, A Vedamurthachar, S Tripathy, K Srinivas, K Mandar, N Kumar, N Gupte, R S Paranjape
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Improving quality of life (QOL) of healthy people living with HIV (PLHIV) is critical needing home-based, long-term strategy. Sudarshan Kriya yoga (SKY) intervention is acknowledged for its positive impact on health. It is hypothesised that SKY would improve PLHIV's QOL, justifying an evaluation. METHODS: In this open label randomized controlled pilot trial, 61 adult PLHIV with CD4 count more than 400 cells/µl and Karnofsky scale score above 70 were enrolled...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Nurul Alam, Hafizur R Chowdhury, Subhash C Das, Ali Ashraf, P Kim Streatfield
OBJECTIVE: Population-based information on causes of death (CoD) by age, sex, and area is critical for countries with limited resources to identify and address key public health issues. This study analysed the demographic surveillance and verbal autopsy (VA) data to estimate age- and sex-specific mortality rates and cause-specific mortality fractions in two well-defined rural populations within the demographic surveillance system in Abhoynagar and Mirsarai subdistricts, located in different climatic zones...
2014: Global Health Action
Sriram Krishnamurthy, Parameswaran Narayanan, Sivaprakasam Prabha, Nivedita Mondal, Subramanian Mahadevan, Niranjan Biswal, Sadagopan Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Although the term acute renal failure was replaced by acute kidney injury (AKI) recently, there is a paucity of data on the incidence and profile of AKI in critically ill children from the developing world. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence, etiology, short term outcome and predictors of fatality in critically ill children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with AKI, aged 1 month to 13 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational study, from June 2010 to March 2011, 215 children admitted to the PICU were screened for AKI, defined according to the AKI Network criteria...
July 2013: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Friedrich Thienemann, Karen Sliwa, Jürgen Kurt Rockstroh
From a global perspective, cardiovascular disease (CVD) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may result from cardiac involvement upon presentation of opportunistic infections in the presence of advanced immunosuppression, be a consequence of HIV-induced immune activation or derive from antiretroviral therapy-associated dyslipidaemia and insulin resistance. Indeed, in developed countries with unlimited access to antiretroviral therapy CVD has become one of the major causes of death in HIV. Therefore, cardiovascular risk reduction and lifestyle modifications are essential and careful selection of the antiretroviral drugs according to underlying cardiovascular risk factors of great importance...
December 2013: European Heart Journal
Ashley Meekin Johnson, Najmul Salman, Charles Gaymes, Andrew Rivard
SESSION TYPE: Critical Care Student/Resident Case Report Posters IPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Viral pericardial effusions, have not been reported to cause airway compression possibly as the fluid does not create a mass effect. In young children, external compression of the bronchi may be seen more frequently due to the softer cartilage of these airways. (1)CASE PRESENTATION: A 5-month-old white female with an insignificant past medical history was admitted to an outside hospital with a low- grade fever of 10 days, labored breathing, and decreased appetite and urinary output...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Sriram Krishnamurthy, Nivedita Mondal, Parameswaran Narayanan, Niranjan Biswal, Sadagopan Srinivasan, Rajendiran Soundravally
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, etiology, short term outcome and predictors of mortality in hospitalized children aged 1 mo to 13 y with Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in the pediatric wards and the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary hospital in southern India, to study the clinico-etiological profile of AKI (defined according to the Acute Kidney Injury Network criteria). From June 2010 through March 2011, 2376 children were included in the study...
March 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Joe Suyama, Lucy Savitz, Helen Chang, Michael Allswede
INTRODUCTION: During an infectious disease outbreak, the ability of a hospital to continue routine operations depends upon its ability to absorb expected losses in revenue when the routine charge base is replaced by infectious disease-related charges. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the probable financial impact of a bioterrorism event or an infectious disease outbreak on an academic and a community hospital. METHODS: During the fiscal year 01 July 2002-30 June 2003, the average number of inpatient charges identified by the diagnosis-related-groups (DRGs) of an academic, tertiary care, Level-1 trauma center (PUH) and a community hospital (StM) were obtained retrospectively...
March 2007: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
D F Blyth, N J Buckels, R Sewsunker, M A Soni
OBJECTIVES: Surgical literature carries relatively scant information on pneumonectomy in children. We reviewed our experience over 7 years, determined the risk/benefit ratio and compared our experience with reports from the literature. METHODS: The records of children undergoing pneumonectomy, 14 years and younger, over a 7-year period from January 1991 to December 1997, are analysed, the techniques used to determine the need for and extent of surgery are studied, whilst the problems and outcome of surgery in this age group are determined...
October 2002: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
G B Ratto, P Cooper, P Vanderhoeft
45 patients admitted in the thoracic non-cardiac surgery service of the U.L.B. between 1966 and 1983 (17 yrs) were short- or longterm survivors of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In november 1979 the traditional system was supplanted by a mobile unit with reduction of the interval between cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation to 1 minute. The obtained results are as follows: A mobile thoracic wall or intra-thoracic visceral lesions or displacement of thoracic content secondary to a recent thoracic intervention or serious injury do not constitute a contra-indication...
January 1985: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
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