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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944727/changing-the-way-we-pay-for-health-care-is-value-the-new-plastic
#1
Robert P Navarro
Navarro is a clinical professor in the College of Pharmacy at the University of Florida, Gainesville, and is an assistant editor with the Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy. Navarro reports consulting fees from Analysis Group, Amgen, Novartis, and Allergan.
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944639/-unknown-title
#2
(no author information available yet)
Since no study has yet been able to assess the Quebec portrait of teachers' evaluation practices in the context of clinical education in nursing. Considering the importance of clinical teaching and evaluation in the education of nursing students, this study is justified. This article presents the results of a study that aimed to describe and understand the experience of teachers in the ongoing assessment of nursing students' learning during clinical education. It aimed to describe the evaluation practices of teachers during the learning of students in clinical education and achievement context, and to identify factors influencing these practices...
August 17, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944321/effect-of-evacuation-and-displacement-on-the-association-between-flooding-and-mental-health-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-uk-survey-data
#3
Alice Munro, R Sari Kovats, G James Rubin, Thomas David Waite, Angie Bone, Ben Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Extensive flooding occurred during the winter of 2013-14 in England. Previous studies have shown that flooding affects mental health. Using data from the 2013-14 Public Health England National Study of Flooding and Health, we compared the prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder between participants displaced by flooding and those flooded, but not displaced, 1 year after flooding. METHODS: In this multivariable ordinal regression analysis, we collected data from a cross-sectional survey collected 1 year after the flooding event from flood-affected postcodes in five counties in England...
July 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944235/assessing-risk-for-mendelian-disorders-in-a-bronx-population
#4
Guy diSibio, Kinnari Upadhyay, Philip Meyer, Carole Oddoux, Harry Ostrer
BACKGROUND: To identify variants likely responsible for Mendelian disorders among the three major ethnic groups in the Bronx that might be useful to include in genetic screening panels or whole exome sequencing filters and to estimate their likely prevalence in these populations. METHODS: Variants from a high-density oligonucleotide screen of 192 members from each of the three ethnic-national populations (African Americans, Puerto Ricans, and Dominicans) were evaluated for overlap with next generation sequencing data...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944223/enrollment-childbearing-motivations-and-intentions-of-couples-in-the-creighton-model-effectiveness-intentions-and-behaviors-assessment-ceiba-study
#5
Joseph B Stanford, Christina A Porucznik
CONTEXT: The Creighton Model FertilityCare(TM) System (CrM) is a standardized approach for educating women about the biomarkers of their fertility. Couples can use this information for timing intercourse during "fertile" or "infertile" days in order to try to conceive or to avoid pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The study of Creighton Model Effectiveness, Intentions, and Behaviors Assessment (CEIBA) was conducted to assess fertility motivations, intentions, fertility-related sexual behaviors, and their impact on effectiveness to avoid and to conceive among new users of the CrM...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943113/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-clinical-overview-for-primary-care-physicians
#6
REVIEW
Sudha Pandit, Moheb Boktor, Jonathan S Alexander, Felix Becker, James Morris
OBJECTIVE: GERD is among the most common outpatient disease processes encountered by clinicians on a daily basis. This review provides insights about how to approach GERD in terms of disease management and treatment. METHODS: Review articles were searched using PUBMED and MEDLINE using criteria that included English language articles published in the last 5 years concerning studies carried out only in humans. The key words used in the searches were GERD, PPI, and erosive esophagitis...
September 11, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943066/2017-aha-acc-clinical-performance-and-quality-measures-for-adults-with-st-elevation-and-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-performance-measures
#7
Hani Jneid, Daniel Addison, Deepak L Bhatt, Gregg C Fonarow, Sana Gokak, Kathleen L Grady, Lee A Green, Paul A Heidenreich, P Michael Ho, Corrine Y Jurgens, Marjorie L King, Dharam J Kumbhani, Samir Pancholy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943065/nicotine-dependence-internalizing-symptoms-mood-variability-and-daily-tobacco-use-among-young-adult-smokers
#8
Cristina B Bares, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette use among young adults continues to rise. As young adults transition to college and assume other adult roles and responsibilities, they are at risk for the development of mental health problems and for the progression of substance use problems. Previous studies suggest that individual differences in negative and positive mood contribute to cigarette use in established college-aged smokers, but less is known whether fluctuations in mood influence daily cigarette use, controlling for trait levels of internalizing symptoms and nicotine dependence...
September 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943011/early-reintervention-after-open-and-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-is-associated-with-high-mortality
#9
Sarah E Deery, Thomas F X O'Donnell, Thomas C F Bodewes, Barbara A Dalebout, Alexander B Pothof, Katie E Shean, Jeremy D Darling, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Although reinterventions are generally considered more common after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) than after open surgical repair (OSR), less is known about reintervention in the early postoperative period. Furthermore, there are few data regarding the impact of early reintervention on 30-day mortality. We sought to evaluate the rates and types of reintervention after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and the impact of reintervention on postoperative mortality. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) was queried from 2012 to 2014 for all intact, infrarenal AAA repairs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942735/representation-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-in-the-aha-acc-guidelines
#10
Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Guenter Pilz, Jeanette Schulz-Menger
BACKGROUND: Whereas evidence supporting the diagnostic value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has increased, there exists significant worldwide variability in the clinical utilization of CMR. A recent study demonstrated that CMR is represented in the majority of European Society for Cardiology (ESC) guidelines, with a large number of specific recommendations in particular regarding coronary artery disease. To further investigate the gap between the evidence and clinical use of CMR, this study analyzed the role of CMR in the guidelines of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942657/return-to-play-and-outcomes-in-baseball-players-after-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-repairs
#11
Brad D Gilliam, Lonnie Douglas, Glenn S Fleisig, Kyle T Aune, Kylie A Mason, Jeffrey R Dugas, E Lyle Cain, Roger V Ostrander, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Few studies have documented the outcomes of superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) repairs in baseball players. Furthermore, the results of these previous studies varied widely and were based on small numbers of patients. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to report return-to-play (RTP) rates and validated subjective outcome scores for baseball players after SLAP repair. It was hypothesized that RTP rates and outcomes would be significantly different between pitchers and nonpitchers, as well as among baseball levels...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942086/validation-of-a-52-gene-risk-profile-for-outcome-prediction-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-an-international-multicentre-cohort-study
#12
Jose D Herazo-Maya, Jiehuan Sun, Philip L Molyneaux, Qin Li, Julian A Villalba, Argyrios Tzouvelekis, Heather Lynn, Brenda M Juan-Guardela, Cristobal Risquez, Juan C Osorio, Xiting Yan, George Michel, Nachelle Aurelien, Kathleen O Lindell, Melinda J Klesen, Miriam F Moffatt, William O Cookson, Yingze Zhang, Joe G N Garcia, Imre Noth, Antje Prasse, Ziv Bar-Joseph, Kevin F Gibson, Hongyu Zhao, Erica L Herzog, Ivan O Rosas, Toby M Maher, Naftali Kaminski
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is unpredictable. Clinical prediction tools are not accurate enough to predict disease outcomes. METHODS: We enrolled patients with IPF diagnosis in a six-cohort study at Yale University (New Haven, CT, USA), Imperial College London (London, UK), University of Chicago (Chicago, IL, USA), University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA, USA), University of Freiburg (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany), and Brigham and Women's Hospital-Harvard Medical School (Boston, MA, USA)...
September 20, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941973/left-handed-skeletally-mature-baseball-players-have-smaller-humeral-retroversion-in-the-throwing-arm-than-right-handed-players
#13
Tetsuya Takenaga, Hideyuki Goto, Katsumasa Sugimoto, Atsushi Tsuchiya, Masaki Fukuyoshi, Hiroki Nakagawa, Masahiro Nozaki, Satoshi Takeuchi, Takanobu Otsuka
BACKGROUND: It is known that the humeral retroversion of baseball players is greater in the throwing arm than in the nonthrowing arm. An investigation measuring dry bone specimens also showed that the right humerus had greater retroversion than the left. Considering these facts, it was hypothesized that humeral retroversion would differ between right- and left-handed players. This study aimed to compare the bilateral humeral retroversion between right- and left-handed skeletally mature baseball players...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941946/increased-shoulder-arthroscopy-time-is-associated-with-overnight-hospital-stay-and-surgical-site-infection
#14
Venkat Boddapati, Michael C Fu, William W Schairer, Anil S Ranawat, David M Dines, Samuel A Taylor, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the rates of short-term postoperative complications, readmissions, and overnight hospital stays as a function of shoulder arthroscopy procedure time. A secondary aim of this current study was to identify baseline patient risk factors for adverse outcomes. METHODS: This study used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry from 2012 to 2015. Shoulder arthroscopy cases were categorized based on operative time, either <45 minutes, between 45 and 90 minutes, or >90 minutes...
September 20, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941933/psychosocial-and-cessation-related-differences-between-tobacco-marijuana-co-users-and-single-product-users-in-a-college-student-population
#15
Matthew N Masters, Regine Haardörfer, Michael Windle, Carla Berg
Limited research has examined psychosocial factors that differ among cigarette users, marijuana users, and co-users and influence their cessation efforts. We examined: 1) sociodemographic, mental health, and other substance use in relation to user category; and 2) associations among these factors in relation to recent quit attempts and readiness to quit among single product versus co-users. We used a cross-sectional design to study college students aged 18-25 from seven Georgia campuses, focusing on the 721 reporting cigarette and/or marijuana use in the past 4months (238 cigarette-only; 331 marijuana-only; 152 co-users)...
September 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941855/diagnosis-of-clinically-suspected-and-unsuspected-tubercular-lymphadenopathy-by-cytology-culture-and-smear-microscopy
#16
Vivek Gupta, Arvind Bhake
BACKGROUND: Tubercular lymphadenopathy (TBLN) accounts for 20-40% cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. But the common presenting symptoms of tuberculosis like fever, cough, weight loss, fatigue, and night sweats are not always associated with tuberculosis lymphadenopathy, thereby, making its diagnosis difficult. Our aim was to study if Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) combined with Zeihl Neelsen stain and culture for Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli could improve the diagnostic accuracy in patients clinically suspected and unsuspected for tubercular lymphadenitis...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941179/2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-guideline-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis
#17
Lenore Buckley, Gordon Guyatt, Howard Fink, Timothy McAlindon
The Voting Panel recommended oral bisphosphonates as a first choice and parenteral bisphosphonates as a second choice after comparing data about absolute fracture reduction, harms (toxicity and inconvenience of daily injections), and costs. Drs. Maricic, Deal, Dore, and Laster cite the randomized trial of alendronate versus teriparatide in glucocorticoid-treated patients that reported incident fractures as a secondary outcome. This trial found a lower risk of clinical vertebral fractures in the teriparatide compared to alendronate treated patients (0% vs...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941168/comment-on-2017-american-college-of-rheumatology-guideline-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis
#18
Michael Maricic, Chad Deal, Robin Dore, Andrew Laster
We have read the recently published 2017 American College of Rheumatology Guideline for the Prevention and Treatment of Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis (1), and applaud the committee's efforts, but have a number of areas of disagreement. Our main concern is that in adults at high risk for fracture, oral and then parenteral bisphosphonates are recommended over teriparatide in selecting drug therapy. This represents a departure from the 2010 ACR GIO Guidelines (2) which avoided rating bisphosphonates (either oral or parenteral) preferentially over teriparatide...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941123/renal-involvement-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-retrospective-study-of-103-biopsy-proven-cases-from-a-single-center-in-china
#19
Hua-Xia Yang, Jing Wang, Yu-Bing Wen, Yun-Yun Fei, Meng-Di Jiang, Meng-Yu Zhou, Wen Zhang, Hang Li, Xue-Mei Li, Feng-Chun Zhang, Xue-Wang Li, Xuan Zhang, Li-Meng Chen
AIM: To retrospectively investigate the features of renal involvements in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with biopsy results. METHODS: A total of 2096 pSS inpatients at Peking Union Medical College Hospital in China from 2005 to 2015 were identified. Patients with biopsy-proven renal involvement (SS-renal) and matched controls (SS-only) were recruited. The clinical and pathologic features as well as treatments and outcomes were systematically analyzed...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941039/a-randomized-phase-iib-study-of-mavrilimumab-and-golimumab-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Michael E Weinblatt, Iain B McInnes, Joel M Kremer, Pedro Miranda, Jiri Vencovsky, Xiang Guo, Wendy I White, Patricia C Ryan, Alex Godwood, Marius Albulescu, David Close, Gerd R Burmester
OBJECTIVE: This 24-week, Phase IIb, double-blind study (NCT01715896) evaluated mavrilimumab (anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSFR]-α monoclonal antibody) and golimumab (anti-tumor necrosis factor [TNF] monoclonal antibody) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with inadequate responses to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD-IR) and/or anti-TNF agents (anti-TNF-IR). METHODS: Patients with active RA and DMARD-IR (≥1 failed regimen), or DMARD-IR (≥1 failed regimen) and anti-TNF-IR (1-2 failed regimens), were randomized 1:1 to subcutaneous mavrilimumab 100 mg every other week (eow) or golimumab 50 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W) alternating with placebo Q4W, plus concomitant methotrexate...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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