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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911221/the-effect-of-a-third-party-observer-and-trait-anxiety-on-neuropsychological-performance-the-attentional-control-theory-act-perspective
#1
Fatemeh Rezaei, Nasrin Alsadat Hosseini Ramaghani, Rachel L Fazio
OBJECTIVE: Studies have reported that the presence of a third party observer (TPO) during neuropsychological assessments negatively affects the test performance of the examinee. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a TPO and trait anxiety on neuropsychological performance according to Attentional Control Theory (ACT). METHOD: A sample of college students was recruited (n = 318) and then 80 participants were selected to represent the high and low trait anxiety groups...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#2
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910018/fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-probe-validation-for-clinical-use
#3
Jun Gu, Janice L Smith, Patricia K Dowling
In this chapter, we provide a systematic overview of the published guidelines and validation procedures for fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes for clinical diagnostic use. FISH probes-which are classified as molecular probes or analyte-specific reagents (ASRs)-have been extensively used in vitro for both clinical diagnosis and research. Most commercially available FISH probes in the United States are strictly regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA), and the College of American Pathologists (CAP)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909179/disclosure-recipients-social-reactions-to-victims-disclosures-of-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis
Prior research indicates that victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are most likely to disclose their victimization experiences to an informal support (e.g., friend, family), and that IPV disclosures are often met with both positive (e.g., empathic support) and negative (e.g., victim blame) reactions. However, research on social reactions to disclosure largely has neglected the perspectives of disclosure recipients. Guided by the attribution framework, the current study extends prior research by assessing factors (i...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909139/safety-and-efficacy-of-sbi-087-a-subcutaneous-agent-for-b-cell-depletion-in-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-phase-ii-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Nemanja Damjanov, Malgorzata Tlustochowicz, Jacob Aelion, Maria Greenwald, Annette Diehl, Indranil Bhattacharya, Elena Peeva, Sandeep Menon, Ian Gourley
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate subcutaneous SBI-087 to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 210 adult patients with active RA were randomized to receive either 200 mg SBI-087 or placebo (Pbo), according to one of these patterns: SBI/Pbo/Pbo (SBI on Day 1), SBI/SBI/Pbo (SBI days 1 and 15), SBI/Pbo/SBI (SBI days 1 and 84), SBI/SBI/SBI (SBI days 1, 15, and 84), or Pbo/Pbo/Pbo (Pbo all 3 days). All patients were seropositive and taking background methotrexate...
December 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909083/continual-maintenance-of-remission-defined-by-the-acr-eular-criteria-in-daily-practice-leads-to-better-functional-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
Kumi Shidara, Ayako Nakajima, Eisuke Inoue, Daisuke Hoshi, Naoki Sugimoto, Yohei Seto, Eiichi Tanaka, Shigeki Momohara, Atsuo Taniguchi, Hisashi Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate longterm functional outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based on the number of times that the American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) or the 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28) remission criteria were fulfilled. METHODS: Patients with RA who participated in all 6 data collections in an observational cohort from 2008 to 2010 and who fulfilled the DAS28 remission criteria at baseline were studied...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909075/cell-scientist-to-watch-brian-stramer
#7
(no author information available yet)
Brian Stramer completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Rochester in Rochester, NY, and then moved to pursue his PhD at Tufts University in Boston, MA. He then crossed the Atlantic to work in the laboratory of Paul Martin as a US/UK Royal Society Fellow at the University of Bristol, UK. Before becoming a lecturer and a group leader at King's College London in 2008, Brian was also a lecturer of Veterinary Basic Sciences at the Royal Veterinary College in London. In 2015, Brian received a Wellcome Trust Investigator Award, which he will use to continue his research on the regulation of contact inhibition of locomotion and its roles in animal physiology...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909030/the-college-science-learning-cycle-an-instructional-model-for-reformed-teaching
#8
Michelle Withers
Finding the time for developing or locating new class materials is one of the biggest barriers for instructors reforming their teaching approaches. Even instructors who have taken part in training workshops may feel overwhelmed by the task of transforming passive lecture content to engaging learning activities. Learning cycles have been instrumental in helping K-12 science teachers design effective instruction for decades. This paper introduces the College Science Learning Cycle adapted from the popular Biological Sciences Curriculum Study 5E to help science, technology, engineering, and mathematics faculty develop course materials to support active, student-centered teaching approaches in their classrooms...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909026/student-buy-in-to-active-learning-in-a-college-science-course
#9
Andrew J Cavanagh, Oriana R Aragón, Xinnian Chen, Brian Couch, Mary Durham, Aiyana Bobrownicki, David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham
The benefits of introducing active learning in college science courses are well established, yet more needs to be understood about student buy-in to active learning and how that process of buy-in might relate to student outcomes. We test the exposure-persuasion-identification-commitment (EPIC) process model of buy-in, here applied to student (n = 245) engagement in an undergraduate science course featuring active learning. Student buy-in to active learning was positively associated with engagement in self-regulated learning and students' course performance...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909025/making-the-grade-using-instructional-feedback-and-evaluation-to-inspire-evidence-based-teaching
#10
Peggy Brickman, Cara Gormally, Amedee Marchand Martella
Typically, faculty receive feedback about teaching via two mechanisms: end-of-semester student evaluations and peer observation. However, instructors require more sustained encouragement and constructive feedback when implementing evidence-based teaching practices. Our study goal was to characterize the landscape of current instructional-feedback practices in biology and uncover faculty perceptions about these practices. Findings from a national survey of 400 college biology faculty reveal an overwhelming dissatisfaction with student evaluations, regardless of self-reported teaching practices, institution type, or position...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909017/early-environmental-field-research-career-exploration-an-analysis-of-impacts-on-precollege-apprentices
#11
Susan K Flowers, Katherine M Beyer, Maria Pérez, Donna B Jeffe
Research apprenticeships offer opportunities for deep understanding of scientific practice, transparency about research careers, and possible transformational effects on precollege youth. We examined two consecutive field-based environmental biology apprenticeship programs designed to deliver realistic career exploration and connections to research scientists. The Shaw Institute for Field Training (SIFT) program combines introductory field-skills training with research assistance opportunities, and the subsequent Tyson Environmental Research Fellowships (TERF) program provides immersive internships on university field station-based research teams...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908904/junior-doctors-low-morale-is-putting-patients-at-risk-royal-college-of-physicians-warns
#12
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908689/pcsk9-genetic-variants-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomisation-study
#13
Amand F Schmidt, Daniel I Swerdlow, Michael V Holmes, Riyaz S Patel, Zammy Fairhurst-Hunter, Donald M Lyall, Fernando Pires Hartwig, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Elina Hyppönen, Christine Power, Max Moldovan, Erik van Iperen, G Kees Hovingh, Ilja Demuth, Kristina Norman, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Juri Demuth, Lars Bertram, Tian Liu, Stefan Coassin, Johann Willeit, Stefan Kiechl, Karin Willeit, Dan Mason, John Wright, Richard Morris, Goya Wanamethee, Peter Whincup, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Stela McLachlan, Jackie F Price, Mika Kivimaki, Catherine Welch, Adelaida Sanchez-Galvez, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Andrew Nicolaides, Andrie G Panayiotou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Giuseppe Matullo, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Carlotta Sacerdote, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Robert Scott, Jian'an Luan, Martin Bobak, Sofia Malyutina, Andrzej Pająk, Ruzena Kubinova, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Hynek Pikhart, Lise Lotte Nystrup Husemoen, Niels Grarup, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Allan Linneberg, Kenneth Starup Simonsen, Jackie Cooper, Steve E Humphries, Murray Brilliant, Terrie Kitchner, Hakon Hakonarson, David S Carrell, Catherine A McCarty, H Lester Kirchner, Eric B Larson, David R Crosslin, Mariza de Andrade, Dan M Roden, Joshua C Denny, Cara Carty, Stephen Hancock, John Attia, Elizabeth Holliday, Martin O' Donnell, Salim Yusuf, Michael Chong, Guillaume Pare, Pim van der Harst, M Abdullah Said, Ruben N Eppinga, Niek Verweij, Harold Snieder, Tim Christen, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Stefan Gustafsson, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Raha Pazoki, Oscar Franco, Albert Hofman, Andre Uitterlinden, Abbas Dehghan, Alexander Teumer, Sebastian Baumeister, Marcus Dörr, Markus M Lerch, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Joey Ward, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith, Tom Meade, Anke H Maitland-van der Zee, Ekaterina V Baranova, Robin Young, Ian Ford, Archie Campbell, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Michiel L Bots, Diederick E Grobbee, Philippe Froguel, Dorothée Thuillier, Beverley Balkau, Amélie Bonnefond, Bertrand Cariou, Melissa Smart, Yanchun Bao, Meena Kumari, Anubha Mahajan, Paul M Ridker, Daniel I Chasman, Alex P Reiner, Leslie A Lange, Marylyn D Ritchie, Folkert W Asselbergs, Juan-Pablo Casas, Brendan J Keating, David Preiss, Aroon D Hingorani, Naveed Sattar
BACKGROUND: Statin treatment and variants in the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase are associated with reductions in both the concentration of LDL cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, but also with modest hyperglycaemia, increased bodyweight, and modestly increased risk of type 2 diabetes, which in no way offsets their substantial benefits. We sought to investigate the associations of LDL cholesterol-lowering PCSK9 variants with type 2 diabetes and related biomarkers to gauge the likely effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on diabetes risk...
November 28, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908576/the-united-states-pediatric-cardiology-2015-workforce-assessment-a%C3%A2-survey%C3%A2-of-current-training-and%C3%A2-employment-patterns-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-american-academy-of-pediatrics-section-on-cardiology-and-cardiac
#14
Robert D Ross, Shubhika Srivastava, Antonio G Cabrera, Holly S Ruch-Ross, Carrie L Radabaugh, L LuAnn Minich, William T Mahle, David W Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908516/small-bowel-bleeding-updated-algorithm-and-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Lauren B Gerson
Patients previously classified with "obscure gastrointestinal hemorrhage" should now be classified as "suspected small bowel bleeding" according to the 2015 American College of Gastroenterology guidelines. This article provides algorithms for how to manage patients with suspected small bowel bleeding, including utilization of second-look endoscopy and/or colonoscopy, video capsule endoscopy, computed tomographic enterography, magnetic resonance enterography, angiography, and deep enteroscopy.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908501/prospective-evaluation-of-surgical-palliative-care-immersion-training-for-general-surgery-residents
#16
Mustafa Raoof, Lisa O'Neill, Leigh Neumayer, Mindy Fain, Robert Krouse
BACKGROUND: Palliative care competencies in surgical training are recognized to improve the care of surgical patients with advanced or life-threatening illnesses. Formal programs to teach these competencies are lacking. The study aims to assess the feasibility and utility of a unique surgical palliative care immersion training program. STUDY DESIGN: A half-day Surgical Palliative Care Immersion Training (SPCIT) was developed using the American College of Surgeon's manual titled "Surgical Palliative Care: A Resident's Guide" as a framework...
November 27, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908191/technical-note-display-window-setting-an-important-factor-for-detecting-subtle-but-clinically-relevant-artifacts-in-daily-ct-quality-control
#17
Zaiyang Long, Michael R Bruesewitz, Emily N Sheedy, Michele A Powell, Jacqualynn C Kramer, Randall R Supalla, Chance M Colvin, Jessica R Bechel, Christopher P Favazza, James M Kofler, Shuai Leng, Cynthia H McCollough, Lifeng Yu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of display window setting on technologist performance detecting subtle but clinically relevant artifacts in daily computed tomography (CT) quality control (dQC) images. METHODS: Fifty three sets of dQC images were retrospectively selected, including 30 sets without artifacts, and 23 with subtle but clinically relevant artifacts. They were randomized and shown to six CT technologists (two new and four experienced)...
December 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907277/her2-testing-and-clinical-decision-making-in-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-guideline-summary-from-the-college-of-american-pathologists-american-society-for-clinical-pathology-and-american-society-of-clinical-oncology
#18
Angela N Bartley, Mary Kay Washington, Nofisat Ismaila, Jaffer A Ajani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906918/newborn-vitamin-k-prophylaxis-an-analysis-of-information-resources-for-parents-and-professionals
#19
Hayleigh Miller, Benjamin Wheeler, Nikki Kerruish
AIMS: Vitamin K prophylaxis represents one of the first healthcare decisions families make for their newborn. Information resources are an important component of this process. This study aimed to identify and analyse written information about vitamin K. METHODS: Resources concerning vitamin K prophylaxis for both parents and health professionals were accessed through tertiary hospitals in New Zealand and Australia, midwives associated with Queen Mary Maternity Centre (Dunedin, New Zealand), antenatal class providers in the Dunedin, New Zealand area, and an online search of Australian and New Zealand government and hospital websites, as well as the Centre for Disease Control (CDC) in the US...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906870/effectiveness-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-versus-unfractionated-heparin-to-prevent-pulmonary-embolism-following-major-trauma-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#20
James P Byrne, William Geerts, Stephanie A Mason, David Gomez, Christopher Hoeft, Ryan Murphy, Melanie Neal, Avery B Nathens
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a leading cause of delayed mortality in patients with severe injury. While low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) is often favored over unfractionated heparin (UH) for thromboprophylaxis, evidence is lacking to demonstrate an effect on the occurrence of PE. This study compared the effectiveness of LMWH versus UH to prevent PE in patients following major trauma. METHODS: Data for adults with severe injury who received thromboprophylaxis with LMWH or UH were derived from the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program (2012-2015)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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