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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635495/analysis-of-audiometric-notch-as-a-noise-induced-hearing-loss-phenotype-in-us-youth-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2010
#1
Ishan S Bhatt, O'neil Guthrie
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral audiometric notch (BN) at 4000-6000 Hz was identified as a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) phenotype for genetic association analysis in college-aged musicians. This study analysed BN in a sample of US youth. DESIGN: Prevalence of the BN within the study sample was determined and logistic-regression analyses were performed to identify audiologic and other demographic factors associated with BN. Computer-simulated "flat" audiograms were used to estimate potential influence of false-positive rates in estimating the prevalence of the BN...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635438/resilience-mediated-the-association-between-acculturation-and-psychological-growth-in-college-students-from-hong-kong-to-guangzhou-china
#2
Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Chang Liu, Zhenzhu Yue
BACKGROUND: The number of Hong Kong citizens living in mainland China is increasing. The process of acculturation may create opportunities for psychological growth. AIMS: This study aimed at examining whether resilience mediated the effects of acculturation on psychological growth in college students from Hong Kong to Guangzhou. METHOD: In this cross-sectional survey, 164 college students in Guangzhou who were Hong Kong permanent residents (female: 46%, age: 21...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635343/primary-psychopathy-and-alcohol-pathology-in-college-students-the-role-of-protective-behavioral-strategies
#3
Matthew P Kramer, Brittany L Stevenson, Robert D Dvorak
OVERVIEW: Though not an official diagnosis, psychopathy has become an important area of research due to the litany of deleterious outcomes associated with this aspect of temperament. Psychopathy is composed of primary and secondary traits. Research consistently links psychopathy to alcohol pathology, though often only via secondary traits which are comprised of intractable aspects of behavior (e.g., poor impulse control). In contrast, primary psychopathy is comprised of behaviors that can be learned and thus may be more malleable (i...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634769/decision-making-capacity-and-unusual-beliefs-two-contentious-cases-australasian-association-of-bioethics-and-health-law-john-mcphee-law-student-essay-prize-2016
#4
Brent Hyslop
Decision-making capacity is a vital concept in law, ethics, and clinical practice. Two legal cases where capacity literally had life and death significance are NHS Trust v Ms T [2004] and Kings College Hospital v C [2015]. These cases share another feature: unusual beliefs. This essay will critically assess the concept of capacity, particularly in relation to the unusual beliefs in these cases. Firstly, the interface between capacity and unusual beliefs will be examined. This will show that the "using and weighing of information" is the pivotal element in assessment...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634619/implementation-of-li-rads-into-a-radiological-practice
#5
REVIEW
Stefan T Siedlikowski, Ania Z Kielar, Eleanor L Ormsby, Bijan Bijan, Christopher Kagay
Since its introduction in 2011, Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) has become an increasingly utilized method for radiologists to categorize lesions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients at risk (American College of Radiology, www.acr.org/quality-safety/resources/lirads 2016). This overview article presents insight into methods of incorporating LI-RADS into an existing clinical practice, highlighting concrete ways to establish this system as a mainstay in any radiologist's evidence-based armamentarium...
June 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634218/high-quality-statin-trials-support-the-2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guidelines-after-hope-3-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#6
Martin B Mortensen, Matthew J Budoff, Dong Li, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha, Veit Sandfort, Carlos J Rodriguez, Pamela Ouyang, Erling Falk
The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline on cholesterol treatment to prevent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has been criticized for lowering the risk thresholds for primary prevention with statin therapy. Although the ≥ 7.5% (class I) and ≥ 5% (class IIa) 10-year ASCVD risk thresholds were identified as new indications for treatment by extrapolating results obtained in randomized controlled trials (RCT) of statin therapy, results from population-based European cohorts indicate that >30% of individuals eligible for statin therapy by class I recommendations do not have RCT data supporting statin efficacy...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633933/trajectories-of-self-evaluation-bias-in-primary-and-secondary-school-parental-antecedents-and-academic-consequences
#7
Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Thérèse Bouffard, Carole Vezeau
Using a longitudinal approach spanning nine years of children's formal education, this study investigated the developmental trajectories of self-evaluation bias of academic competence. The study also examined how parenting styles were associated with the trajectories of bias in mid-primary school, and how those trajectories predicted academic outcomes at the end of secondary school and the beginning of college. A total of 711 children in 4th and 5th grades (mean age=10.71years old; 358 girls) participated in this study...
August 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633176/determinants-of-the-5-year-retention-and-rural-location-of-family-physicians-results-from-the-iowa-family-medicine-training-network
#8
Gregory C Nelson, Thomas S Gruca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: States are seeking ways to retain primary care physicians trained within their borders. We analyzed the 5-year retention and rural Iowa location decisions for 1,645 graduates of the Iowa Family Medicine Training Network (IFMTN)-eight residency programs (in seven different cities) that are affiliated with the Carver College of Medicine (University of Iowa). METHODS: Data from 1977-2014 includes 98.5% of active graduates. Location in Iowa 5 years after graduation was the dependent variable in a binary logistic regression...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633172/burnout-and-depression-in-ms1-and-ms3-years-a-comparison-of-cohorts-at-one-medical-school
#9
Cinthia Elkins, Kyle P Plante, Lauren J Germain, Christopher P Morley
BACKGROUND: Losses of idealism, empathy, and professionalism over the course of medical education have been described previously in the literature. A 2012 national survey of medical students estimated 37%-44% with burnout, 58% screen positive for depression, and 9.4% with suicidal ideation in the past 12 months. Given changes in related traits, we sought to explore whether burnout and symptoms of depression change over time. The objectives of this study were to assess the differences in medical student burnout and symptoms of depression between first year (MS1) and third-year (MS3) medical students at one medical college...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633168/integration-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-family-medicine-residency-programs
#10
Jody L Lounsbery, Jennie B Jarrett, Lori M Dickerson, Stephen A Wilson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical pharmacists are valued educators and practitioners within family medicine residency programs (FMRPs). Since the last survey of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs, there have been significant advancements to pharmacy education and training as well as growth of interprofessional education and collaborative practice within family medicine. The objective of this study is to describe the integration of clinical pharmacists within FMRPs. METHODS: All 480 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved FMRPs were contacted to identify clinical pharmacists involved with their programs...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632890/minimally-invasive-surgery-and-its-impact-on-30-day-postoperative-complications-unplanned-readmissions-and-mortality
#11
A Sood, C P Meyer, F Abdollah, J D Sammon, M Sun, S R Lipsitz, M Hollis, J S Weissman, M Menon, Q-D Trinh
BACKGROUND: A critical appraisal of the benefits of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is needed, but is lacking. This study examined the associations between MIS and 30-day postoperative outcomes including complications graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, unplanned readmissions, hospital stay and mortality for five common surgical procedures. METHODS: Patients undergoing appendicectomy, colectomy, inguinal hernia repair, hysterectomy and prostatectomy were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632776/dynamic-knee-valgus-alignment-influences-impact-attenuation-in-the-lower-extremity-during-the-deceleration-phase-of-a-single-leg-landing
#12
Akihiro Tamura, Kiyokazu Akasaka, Takahiro Otsudo, Jyunya Shiozawa, Yuka Toda, Kaori Yamada
Dynamic knee valgus during landings is associated with an increased risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. In addition, the impact on the body during landings must be attenuated in the lower extremity joints. The purpose of this study was to investigate landing biomechanics during landing with dynamic knee valgus by measuring the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) and angular impulses in the lower extremity during a single-leg landing. The study included 34 female college students, who performed the single-leg drop vertical jump...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632246/declines-noted-in-cognitive-processes-and-association-with-achievement-among-children-with-leukemia
#13
Kathleen C Insel, Marilyn J Hockenberry, Lynette L Harris, Kari M Koerner, Zhenqiang Lu, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Patricia M Gundy, Ida M Moore
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess change in specific cognitive processes during treatment with chemotherapy only among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). 
. DESIGN: A prospective, repeated measures design.
. SETTING: Pediatric oncology treatment centers at Banner-University Medical Center Tucson/Banner Children's-Diamond Medical Center (University of Arizona) and Texas Children's Cancer and Hematology centers (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632049/kinematic-comparison-of-the-seoi-nage-judo-technique-between-elite-and-college-athletes
#14
Takanori Ishii, Michiyoshi Ae, Yuta Suzuki, Yasuto Kobayashi
This study sought to identify biomechanical factors that determine fast and skilful execution of the seoi-nage (shoulder throw) technique by comparing kinematics between elite and college judo athletes. Three-dimensional motion data were captured using a VICON-MX system with 18 cameras operating at 250 Hz as three male elite and seven male college judo athletes performed seoi-nage. No significant difference was found in motion phase time of the turning phase between the two groups, indicating that motion phase time is not necessarily a factor contributing quickness in seoi-nage...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632034/recombinant-human-nerve-growth-factor-treatment-promotes-photoreceptor-survival-in-the-retinas-of-rats-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#15
Marta Sacchetti, Flavio Mantelli, Maria Luisa Rocco, Alessandra Micera, Laura Brandolini, Laura Focareta, Claudio Pisano, Luigi Aloe, Alessandro Lambiase
PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that nerve growth factor (NGF) exerts protective effects against retinal degeneration in animal models of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). This study aims at investigating the effects of intravitreal injection of recombinant human NGF (rhNGF) on retinal photoreceptors apoptosis in an animal model of RP, the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rats. METHODS: Thirty-six RCS rats were treated with intravitreal injection of rhNGF or murine NGF (mNGF) or vehicle at 20 postnatal days (pd) and sacrificed at 40 pd...
March 1, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631728/acg-and-cag-clinical-guideline-management-of-dyspepsia
#16
Paul M Moayyedi, Brian E Lacy, Christopher N Andrews, Robert A Enns, Colin W Howden, Nimish Vakil
We have updated both the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG) guidelines on dyspepsia in a joint ACG/CAG dyspepsia guideline. We suggest that patients ≥60 years of age presenting with dyspepsia are investigated with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to exclude organic pathology. This is a conditional recommendation and patients at higher risk of malignancy (such as spending their childhood in a high risk gastric cancer country or having a positive family history) could be offered an endoscopy at a younger age...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631639/prevalence-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-among-the-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital
#17
Lavanya Segar, Joshy M Easow, Sreenivasan Srirangaraj, Mohammad Hanifah, Noyal M Joseph, K S Seetha
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile, a most important nosocomial enteric pathogen, is recognized globally as responsible for antibiotic-associated diarrhea and colitis. It is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality due to widespread use of antibiotics. AIMS: The study was done to determine the prevalence of C. difficile infection (CDI) among the patients attending a tertiary care teaching hospital in Puducherry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: We performed a prospective cohort study in Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631582/effect-of-green-tea-extract-supplementation-on-glycogen-replenishment-in-exercised-human-skeletal-muscle
#18
Tsen-Wei Tsai, Chia-Chen Chang, Su-Fen Liao, Yi-Hung Liao, Chien-Wen Hou, Jung-Piao Tsao, I-Shiung Cheng
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8-week green tea extract (GTE) supplementation on promoting postexercise muscle glycogen resynthesis and systemic energy substrate utilisation in young college students. A total of eight healthy male participants (age: 22·0 (se 1·0) years, BMI: 24·2 (se 0·7) kg/m2, VO2max: 43·2 (se 2·4) ml/kg per min) participated in this study. GTE (500 mg/d for 8 weeks) was compared with placebo in participants in a double-blind/placebo-controlled and crossover study design with an 8-week washout period...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631138/college-student-attitudes-towards-smart-guns-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Lacey N Wallace, Kaylin C Dunn
Existing studies focusing on "smart" guns, weapons that can only be fired by an authorized user, have focused largely on overall views towards the topic. Little is known about how views differ within key demographics or why Americans feel positively or negatively towards smart guns. This study used data from a nationwide web survey of 520 college students to address these concerns. Multinomial regression was used to identify patterns of smart gun preference in quantitative data. Respondents' open-ended reasoning for their views was examined through common themes and descriptive statistics...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630767/the-learning-preferences-among-nursing-students-in-the-king-saud-university-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Homood A Alharbi, Adel F Almutairi, Eyad M Alhelih, Abdualrahman S Alshehry
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify the most common learning preferences among the nursing students in Saudi Arabia and to investigate the associations of certain demographic variables with the learning preferences. METHODS: All the undergraduate nursing students in the nursing college were requested to participate in this descriptive cross-sectional study. An Arabic version of the Felder-Silverman learning style model (FSLSM) questionnaire was used to examine the learning preferences among undergraduate nursing students...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
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