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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396803/corneal-clarity-and-visual-outcomes-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-and-comparison-to-femtosecond-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis
#1
Apostolos Lazaridis, Konstantinos Droutsas, Walter Sekundo, Michael Petrak, Stephan Schulze
Purpose. To evaluate corneal clarity and visual outcomes after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and compare them to femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). Materials and Methods. Fifty-eight myopic eyes of 33 patients who underwent SMILE were compared to 58 eyes of 33 patients treated with FS-LASIK. All procedures were performed using VisuMax® femtosecond laser and MEL 80® excimer laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Germany). Pentacam™ (Oculus, Germany) was used for pre- and 3-month postoperative corneal densitometry (CD) analysis...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387767/femtosecond-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-for-the-correction-of-residual-ametropia-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-a-pilot-investigation
#2
A Balestrazzi, A Balestrazzi, F Menicacci, G Cartocci, F Menicacci, P Michieletto, E Balestrazzi
PurposeTo evaluate the refractive and visual results of one-stage laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis with femtosecond laser (Femto-LASIK) for the correction of residual ametropia after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK).MethodsThis retrospective study included 13 eyes of 12 patients, who underwent corneal Femto-LASIK to correct refractive errors after DALK. IntraLase FS150 was used to create a lamellar flap and excimer laser ablation for refractive correction was performed using the Star S4 IR Excimer Laser in eight cases and the Technolas 217z Excimer Laser in Tissue Saving mode in five cases...
April 7, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386707/laser-recanalization-of-a-chronically-occluded-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-tips
#3
Alaa Mahmoud, David M Tabriz, Beau B Toskich
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction is conventionally managed with balloon angioplasty, stent extension, and sharp recanalization when necessary. We describe percutaneous transjugular recanalization and neointimal excision of a chronically occluded 17-year-old TIPS using excimer laser after conventional techniques were unsuccessful. Patient clinical improvement and shunt patency were documented three weeks post-intervention.
April 6, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384723/optimum-laser-beam-characteristics-for-achieving-smoother-ablations-in-laser-vision-correction
#4
Shwetabh Verma, Juergen Hesser, Samuel Arba-Mosquera
Purpose: Controversial opinions exist regarding optimum laser beam characteristics for achieving smoother ablations in laser-based vision correction. The purpose of the study was to outline a rigorous simulation model for simulating shot-by-shot ablation process. The impact of laser beam characteristics like super Gaussian order, truncation radius, spot geometry, spot overlap, and lattice geometry were tested on ablation smoothness. Methods: Given the super Gaussian order, the theoretical beam profile was determined following Lambert-Beer model...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375972/striae-distensae-preventative-and-therapeutic-modalities-to-improve-aesthetic-appearance
#5
Nicholas A Ross, Derek Ho, Juliya Fisher, Andrew Mamalis, Edward Heilman, Nazanin Saedi, Jared Jagdeo
BACKGROUND: Striae distensae (SD) are aesthetically troublesome to patients and therapeutically challenging. OBJECTIVE: Herein, the authors comprehensively review the literature pertaining to the history, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, clinical rating scales, and laboratory, imaging, and histologic features of SD. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A review of PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, and Google scholar was conducted, including literature published from 1773 to August 6, 2016...
May 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366365/intraocular-lens-power-calculations-in-eyes-with-previous-hyperopic-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-or-photorefractive-keratectomy
#6
Eric B Hamill, Li Wang, Hayley K Chopra, Warren Hill, Douglas D Koch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy of 7 intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in patients with previous hyperopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, and private practice, Mesa, Arizona, USA. METHODS: The 7 formulas evaluated were the adjusted Atlas 0-3, Masket, Modified Masket, Haigis-L, Shammas-PL, Barrett True-K, and Barrett True-K No-History...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366363/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-between-wavefront-optimized-versus-corneal-wavefront-guided-transepithelial-photorefractive-keratectomy-for-myopic-astigmatism
#7
Ikhyun Jun, David Sung Yong Kang, Jerry Tan, Jin Young Choi, Woon Heo, Joo Young Kim, Min Goo Lee, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the clinical outcomes, including visual acuity, refractive errors, and aberrations, between aberration-free transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial PRK in eyes with myopic astigmatism. SETTING: Yonsei University College of Medicine and Eyereum Eye Clinic, Seoul, South Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. METHODS: Patients with myopic astigmatism were treated with aberration-free transepithelial PRK or corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial PRK using a 1050 Hz high-repetition excimer laser...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359626/effects-of-femtosecond-and-excimer-lasers-on-implanted-kamra-corneal-inlay-in-animal-models
#8
F K Sammouh, T A Baban, W N Dandan, E L Warrak
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of femtosecond laser and excimer laser on an intracorneal inlay (KAMRA(®)) implanted in animal models. METHODS: Femtosecond laser was used to create corneal intrastromal pockets at 250μm depth in five porcine eyes. Four intact KAMRA inlays, examined by slit-lamp biomicroscopy and light microscopy, were implanted in the pocket of four eyes. A standard LASIK flap was created above each implanted inlay in the four eyes using a femtosecond laser with flap thicknesses of 150μm, 130μm, 110μm and 90μm...
March 27, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341348/the-impact-of-oral-polypodium-leucotomos-extract-on-ultraviolet-b-response-a-human-clinical-study
#9
Indermeet Kohli, Rubina Shafi, Prescilia Isedeh, James L Griffith, Mohammed S Al-Jamal, Narumol Silpa-Archa, Bradford Jackson, Mohammed Athar, Nikiforos Kollias, Craig A Elmets, Henry W Lim, Iltefat H Hamzavi
BACKGROUND: There is a rationale for adding systemic photoprotective agents to the current photoprotection regimen. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to objectively evaluate the molecular and photobiologic effects of oral administration of Polypodium leucotomos extract (PLE). METHODS: In all, 22 subjects with Fitzpatrick skin phototype I to III were enrolled. On day 1, subjects were irradiated with visible light, ultraviolet (UV) A1, and UVB (using 308-nm excimer laser)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323482/constraints-on-the-early-terrestrial-surface-uv-environment-relevant-to-prebiotic-chemistry
#10
Sukrit Ranjan, Dimitar D Sasselov
The UV environment is a key boundary condition to abiogenesis. However, considerable uncertainty exists as to planetary conditions and hence surface UV at abiogenesis. Here, we present two-stream multilayer clear-sky calculations of the UV surface radiance on Earth at 3.9 Ga to constrain the UV surface fluence as a function of albedo, solar zenith angle (SZA), and atmospheric composition. Variation in albedo and latitude (through SZA) can affect maximum photoreaction rates by a factor of >10.4; for the same atmosphere, photoreactions can proceed an order of magnitude faster at the equator of a snowball Earth than at the poles of a warmer world...
March 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320220/a-combination-of-yiqiqubai-granule-and-308-nm-excimer-laser-in-treatment-of-segmental-vitiligo-a-prospective-study-of-233-patients
#11
Chengzhong Zhang, Le Zhou, Jie Huang, Weimin Shi
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of Yiqiqubai granule combined with 308-nm excimer laser treatment for segmental vitiligo (SV). METHODS: A prospective research was performed in 233 patients with SV treated in Shanghai General Hospital from 11 February 2015 to 25 August 2016, they were divided into group A (n = 75), group B (n = 78) and group C (n = 80) according to the random number table. Group A was treated with Yiqiqubai granule, group B treated with 308-nm excimer laser and group C treated with combined treatments...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317527/phototherapy-and-combination-therapies-for-vitiligo
#12
REVIEW
Samia Esmat, Rehab A Hegazy, Suzan Shalaby, Stephen Chu-Sung Hu, Cheng-Che E Lan
Vitiligo is a disease characterized by disappearance of melanocytes from the skin. It can negatively influence the physical appearance of affected individuals, and may profoundly affect a person's psychosocial function and quality of life. Therefore, vitiligo should not be considered as merely a condition that affects a patient's appearance, but needs to be actively treated in patients who seek medical help. Phototherapy has been used as the main treatment modality for patients with vitiligo. Different forms of phototherapy for vitiligo include broadband UVB, narrowband UVB, excimer light and excimer laser, and psoralen plus UVA...
April 2017: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300320/improvement-in-moderate-to-severe-vitiligo-using-a-novel-combination-of-308%C3%A2-nm-excimer-laser-and-a-surgical-needling-technique
#13
S BinSheikhan, M Al Abadie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291201/-results-of-residual-ametropia-correction-using-circle-technology-after-femtosecond-laser-smile-surgery
#14
O A Kostin, S V Rebrikov, A I Ovchinnikov, A A Stepanov, Kh P Takhchidi
AIM: to evaluate functional results of reoperation performed according to the CIRCLE technology and using the VisuMax femtosecond laser and MEL-80 excimer laser in cases of regression of the refractive effect after SMILE surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied a group of post-SMILE patients. In those, who showed regression of the refractive effect at 1 year, reoperation was performed according to the CIRCLE technology and using the VisuMax femtosecond laser. The corneal flap was separated from the stromal bed and turned aside...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287657/phototransformation-of-5-nitro-2-furaldehyde-in-aqueous-solution-a-laser-flash-photolysis-and-product-analysis-study
#15
Luis J A Martins, João M M Ferreira
Laser flash photolysis of 5-nitro-2-furaldehyde (NFA) in solution shows a short-lived transient absorption with λmax = 475 ± 5 nm, which is relatively insensitive to solvent polarity and is assigned to the lowest triplet state of NFA ((3)NFA*). In water, the (3)NFA* absorption decays to a long-lived absorption, the study of which, at different times after the end of the laser pulse, reveals it to be due to a furyloxyl radical (λmax ≈ 375 nm) and to the radical anion NFA˙(-) (λmax ≈ 400 nm). These radicals were produced independently to confirm the assignment...
March 13, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264221/long-term-efficacy-of-combined-phacoemulsification-plus-trabeculectomy-versus-phacoemulsification-plus-excimer-laser-trabeculotomy
#16
M Töteberg-Harms, J Wachtl, C Schweier, J Funk, C Kniestedt
Background Combined cataract and glaucoma procedures, and minimally-invasive glaucoma surgery in particular, have gained increasing interest over the past few years. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term efficacy of combined phaco-trabeculectomy (Phaco-Trab) and combined phacoemulsification plus excimer laser trabeculotomy (Phaco-ELT). Patients and Methods Retrospective, non-randomised, comparative, interventional case series of consecutive patients after Phaco-Trab and Phaco-ELT at the University Hospital of Zurich and the Talacker Eye Center Zurich in Switzerland...
March 6, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264136/phototherapeutic-keratectomy-science-and-art
#17
Steven E Wilson, Gustavo K Marino, Carla S Medeiros, Marcony R Santhiago
PURPOSE: To describe, with videos, the principles of excimer laser phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) for the treatment of corneal scars, corneal surface irregularity, and recurrent corneal erosions. METHODS: Depending on the pathology in a treated cornea, the epithelium is removed either by transepithelial PTK ablation with the excimer laser or thorough scraping with a scalpel blade. Stromal PTK can be performed with or without photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), depending on the refractive status of both eyes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264134/biomechanical-weakening-of-different-re-treatment-options-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile
#18
Sabine Kling, Bogdan Spiru, Farhad Hafezi, Walter Sekundo
PURPOSE: To determine the corneal weakening induced by different re-treatment options after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and investigate the potential of corneal cross-linking (CXL) to reestablish the original corneal stress resistance. METHODS: A total of 96 freshly enucleated porcine corneas were used. The initial refractive correction was defined to be -11.00 diopters (D) and the required enhancement to be -3.00 D. Three different re-treatment options were analyzed: -3D Re-SMILE, -3D photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) on top of the SMILE cap, and cap-to-flap conversion and -3D excimer ablation on the stromal bed (LASIK)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264128/small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-for-hyperopia-optical-zone-centration
#19
Dan Z Reinstein, Kishore R Pradhan, Glenn I Carp, Timothy J Archer, Marine Gobbe, Walter Sekundo, Raynan Khan, Kim Citron, Purushottam Dhungana
PURPOSE: To evaluate optical zone centration of hyperopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: This prospective study of 60 consecutive hyperopic SMILE procedures used the VisuMax femtosecond laser and matched LASIK procedures with the VisuMax and MEL 80 excimer lasers (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany). Inclusion criteria were maximum attempted hyperopic meridian of between +1.00 and +7.00 diopters (D) and astigmatism up to 6.00 D. For SMILE, the optical zone was between 6...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256362/effect-of-pulsed-laser-light-in-patients-with-dry-eye-syndrome
#20
S Guilloto Caballero, J L García Madrona, E Colmenero Reina
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical benefits of pulsed light therapy for the treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) due to the decrease in aqueous tear production (aqueous deficient DES) and/or excessive tear evaporation (evaporative DES) due to Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD). METHODS: A study was conducted on 72 eyes corresponding to 36 patients with DES. Out of these 72 eyes, 60 underwent refractive surgery (48 with femtosecond laser, 6 were operated with a mechanical microkeratome, and 6 with refractive photo-keratectomy[RPK], 6 treated with phacoemulsification, and 6 with no previous surgical treatment...
February 28, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
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