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Jon Kobashigawa, Monica Colvin, Luciano Potena, Duska Dragun, Maria G Crespo-Leiro, Juan F Delgado, Michael Olymbios, Jayan Parameshwar, Jignesh Patel, Elaine Reed, Nancy Reinsmoen, E Rene Rodriguez, Heather Ross, Randall C Starling, Dolly Tyan, Simon Urschel, Andreas Zuckermann
Despite the successes from refined peri-operative management techniques and immunosuppressive therapies, antibodies remain a serious cause of morbidity and mortality for patients both before and after heart transplantation. Patients awaiting transplant who possess antibodies against human leukocyte antigen are disadvantaged by having to wait longer to receive an organ from a suitably matched donor. The number of pre-sensitized patients has been increasing, a trend that is likely due to the increased use of mechanical circulatory support devices...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Cuicui Wang, Heyi Ge, Xiaolong Ma, Zhifang Liu, Ting Wang, Jingyi Zhang
In this study, the watersoluble epoxy resin was prepared via the ring-opening reaction between diethanolamine and epoxy resin. The modified resin mixed with graphene oxide (GO) as a sizing agent was coated onto carbon fiber (CF) and then the GO-CF reinforced acrylonitrile-butadienestyrene (ABS) composites were prepared. The influences of the different contents of GO on CF and CF/ABS composite were explored. The combination among epoxy, GO sheets and maleic anhydride grafted ABS (ABSMA) showed a synergistic effect on improving the properties of GO-CF and GO-CF/ABS composite...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Barun Kumar Ghosh, Narendra Nath Ghosh
From the last few decades, water pollution due to the dye containing effluents, which are released from various dyeing industries, has become one of the major environmental problems. Continuous efforts are going on to effectively deal with industrial wastewater containing aromatic pollutants. Varieties of physical, biological and chemical methods have been developed for this purpose. Among these methods, recently the catalytic reduction of water soluble dyes over heterogeneous catalysts has gained immense attention for treatment of dye containing wastewater because it offers high efficiency...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Andjela T Drincic, Padmaja Akkireddy, Jon T Knezevich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes affects about a third of all hospitalized patients and up to 50% of inpatients go on to experience hyperglycemia. Despite strong evidence supporting the importance of adequate glycemic control, as well detailed guidelines from major national organizations, many patients continue to have hypo- and hyperglycemia during their hospital stay. While this may be partially related to provider and patient-specific factors, system-based barriers continue to pose a major obstacle...
February 14, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
Isabel Amendoeira, Tiago Maia, M Sobrinho-Simões
The 2017 edition of the WHO book on Classification of Tumours of Endocrine Organs includes a new section entitled "Other encapsulated follicular-patterned thyroid tumours", in which the newly created NIFTP (Non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features) is identified and detailed described. Despite deleting the word "carcinoma" from its name, NIFTP is not a benign tumor either, and is best regarded as a neoplasm with "very low malignant potential"...
February 9, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Laura Newman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore the evaluation and identification of psychosocial risk factors during the heart transplant evaluation process with the goal of improving psychosocial candidacy prior to transplant listing. Subsequently, more patients will be able to receive life-saving heart transplant and experience success after transplant. RECENT FINDINGS: Evaluating and identifying psychosocial risk factors is an essential component of the transplant evaluation process...
February 12, 2018: Current Heart Failure Reports
Lisa M Verberne, Marijke C Kars, Sasja A Schepers, Antoinette Y N Schouten-van Meeteren, Martha A Grootenhuis, Johannes J M van Delden
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, paediatric palliative care teams (PPCTs) have been introduced to support children with life-limiting diseases and their families and to ensure continuity, coordination and quality of paediatric palliative care (PPC). However, implementing a PPCT into an organisation is a challenge. The objective of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators reported by healthcare professionals (HCPs) in primary, secondary or tertiary care for implementing a newly initiated multidisciplinary PPCT to bridge the gap between hospital and home...
February 12, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Kaye Spence, Nadia Badawi, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants. When the condition causes pathological symptoms and/or complications it is considered gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It appears to be increasingly diagnosed and causes great distress in the first year of infancy. In New South Wales (NSW), residential parenting services support families with early parenting difficulties. These services report a large number of babies admitted with a label of GOR/GORD. The aim of this study was to explore the maternal and infant characteristics, obstetric interventions, and reasons for clinical reporting of GOR/GORD in NSW in the first 12 months following birth (2000-2011)...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Jun Li, Jianfei Xia, Feifei Zhang, Zonghua Wang, Qingyun Liu
A highly and simply sensitive electrochemical sensor was presented for the simultaneous determination of hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CT) in the water based on copper centered metal-organic framework-graphene composites (Cu-MOF-GN) [Cu-MOF = Cu3(BTC)2 (BTC = 1, 3, 5-benzenetricarboxylicacid)] modified glassy carbon electrode (Cu-MOF-GN/GCE). The modification procedure was carried out through casting metal-organic framework-graphene oxide composites (Cu-MOF-GO) on the bare glassy carbon electrode and followed by the transformation of Cu-MOF-GO to Cu-MOF-GN by an electrochemical reduction...
May 1, 2018: Talanta
Jason E Sapp, Matthew J Cody, Kevin M Douglas
Introduction: In November 2014, the U.S. Army held a readiness summit to address concerns about the accuracy of medical reporting systems. At the time, soldiers on temporary disability were tracked as a medical readiness classification (MRC) 3A or 3B. MRC 3A soldiers had a medical condition with recovery expected within 30 d and MRC 3B soldiers were expected to take longer than 30 d to recover. Both groups were considered "non-available" and presumably non-deployable. Starting June 1, 2016, with the implementation of the Army Medical Readiness Transformation, soldiers on temporary disability longer than 14 d began to be reported as MRC 3s and are considered "non-deployable...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
Sally Grier, David Evans, Andy Gibson, Teh Li Chin, Margaret Stoddart, Michele Kok, Richard Campbell, Val Kenny, Alasdair MacGowan
Plain English summary: In 2015 a microbiology team in Bristol joined a European research project that aims to develop new antibiotics to fight drug resistant infections. The microbiology team were convinced of the benefits of patient and public involvement, but had found it difficult to find former patients to work with on earlier microbiology research. This paper describes how the team overcame this challenge to successfully recruit a PPI panel to develop PPI within the European project...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
D Marsland, A Mumith, H P Taylor
BACKGROUND: Techniques in foot and ankle surgery have expanded rapidly in recent years, often presented at national society meetings. It is important that research is published to guide evidence based practice. Many abstracts however do not go on to full text publication. METHODS: A database was created of all abstracts presented at BOFAS meetings from 2009 to 2013. Computerised searches were performed using PubMed and Google search engines. RESULTS: In total 341 papers were presented, with an overall publication rate of 31...
July 13, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Mitchell S Fourman, Adel Mahjoub, Jon B Mandell, Shibing Yu, Jessica C Tebbets, Jared A Crasto, Peter E Alexander, Kurt R Weiss
BACKGROUND: Current preclinical osteosarcoma (OS) models largely focus on quantifying primary tumor burden. However, most fatalities from OS are caused by metastatic disease. The quantification of metastatic OS currently relies on CT, which is limited by motion artifact, requires intravenous contrast, and can be technically demanding in the preclinical setting. We describe the ability for indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence angiography to quantify primary and metastatic OS in a previously validated orthotopic, immunocompetent mouse model...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Srinivasan Kesavan, Deivasigamani Ranjith Kumar, Marjorie Lara Baynosa, Jae-Jin Shim
An electrode comprised of a polydiaminobenzene (p-DAB) film formed on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) on a glassy carbon (GC) (p-DAB@ERGO/GC) was fabricated using a potentiodynamic method for the sensitive and selective determination of nitrite in the presence of a common interference. The p-DAB@ERGO/GC film-modified electrode surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry...
April 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Nidhi Sinha, Meghanand T Nayak, J D Sunitha, Geetanshu Dawar, Neelakshi Rallan, Shreya Gupta
Introduction: The quest for formalin substitutes has long been going on due to its health hazards. Honey has been recognized as a safe substitute for formalin. However, we explored jaggery as a natural substitute for formalin. The aim of this study was to compare the tissue fixation abilities of jaggery syrup (30%) with that of 10% neutral-buffered formalin (NBF) and to determine the best fixative among both. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted with 65 pathological tissues...
September 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Ana Isabel López García
Most research on the political consequences of international migration conceptualizes financial remittances as being a substitute for state-provided assistance. This paper tests the actual validity of this assumption. Using data from the 2012-2016 Americas Barometer, the analysis confirms previous findings on the negative impact of financial remittances on electoral turnout intentions. However it reveals that this effect does not vary according to an individual's beneficiary status of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) assistance...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
Lu Han, Honglong Sun, Pengfei Tang, Pengfei Li, Chaoming Xie, Menghao Wang, Kefeng Wang, Jie Weng, Hui Tan, Fuzeng Ren, Xiong Lu
Graphene oxide (GO) attracts considerable attention for biomedical applications owing to its unique nanostructure and remarkable physicochemical characteristics. However, it is challenging to uniformly deposit GO on chemically inert Ti scaffolds, which have good biocompatibility and wide applications in bone engineering. In this study, a GO-functionalized Ti porous scaffold (GO/Ti scaffold) was prepared by depositing GO onto polydopamine (PDA) modified Ti scaffolds. The mussel-inspired PDA modification facilitated the interaction between GO and Ti surfaces, leading to a uniform coverage of GO on Ti scaffolds...
January 29, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Antonia Abbey, Sheri E Pegram, Jacqueline Woerner, Rhiana Wegner
Objective: To provide evidence regarding the construct validity of a sexual aggression proxy in which male participants go on multiple virtual dates with a woman. A unique strength of this proxy is participants' opportunity to make choices throughout the simulation about how they interact with their virtual date. These decisions determine their exposure to the female agent's sexual refusals. Method: Piloting included focus groups (n = 82), surveys (n = 95), and cognitive interviews (n = 32)...
2018: Psychology of Violence
Taeko Moriyasu, Risa Nakamura, Sharmina Deloer, Masachika Senba, Masato Kubo, Megumi Inoue, Richard Culleton, Shinjiro Hamano
Malaria and schistosomiasis are major parasitic diseases causing morbidity and mortality in the tropics. Epidemiological surveys have revealed coinfection rates of up to 30% among children in Sub-Saharan Africa. To investigate the impact of coinfection of these two parasites on disease epidemiology and pathology, we carried out coinfection studies using Plasmodium yoelii and Schistosoma mansoni in mice. Malaria parasite growth in the liver following sporozoite inoculation is significantly inhibited in mice infected with S...
January 26, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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