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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914768/selective-staining-of-gastric-biopsies-for-h-pylori-does-not-affect-detection-rates-or-turnaround-time-and-improves-cost-compared-to-reflexive-staining
#1
Lauren Decker, Joshua Keith Routh, Jessica Sara Snider, Joshua Anspach Hanson
AIMS: To evaluate how reflexive versus selective H. pylori stains affect detection rates, turnaround time (TAT), and cost savings in a real life practice environment following an institutional policy change. METHODS: The aforementioned parameters were evaluated in all cases in the year preceding and the year following an institutional policy change from reflexive to selective staining. RESULTS: 1497 patients comprised the reflexive stain (RS) group of which 228 (15...
September 13, 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903223/releasing-of-herpes-simplex-virus-carrying-ngf-in-subarachnoid-space-promotes-the-functional-repair-in-spinal-cord-injured-rats
#2
Zhi-Wei Chen, Hang-Ping Wang, Feng-Mei Yuan, Xiao Zhang, Xiu-Juan Dong, Rui-Shen Xie, Chao Tian, Bing-Shen Li, Zhen-Wu Sun, Long-Hui Zhou, Jian Liu, Tinghua Wang
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury is a serious disease which can lead to bad consequence in patients. Gene therapies as an effective strategy, has been developed for the treatment of disease. OBJECTIVE: Here, we explored the effect of NGF release carried by HSV-1 in the injured spinal cord. METHODS: Transgenic recombinant containing NGF was constructed by using clone technology. NGF was firstly constructed into plasimid, then enveloped by HSV-1 vector...
November 20, 2016: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903036/cannabis-use-and-its-associated-disorders-clinical-care
#3
Jan Copeland
BACKGROUND: Globally, cannabis is the most widely used and variably regulated illicit drug. The rates of use appeared to be stable in Australia at the time of the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, but levels of cannabis use disorder are rising and treatment seeking is increasing internationally. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the prevalence of cannabis use, associated disorders (eg harms with early and frequent use), and information on assessment and management...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901311/video-gaming-as-practical-accomplishment-ethnomethodology-conversation-analysis-and-play
#4
Stuart Reeves, Christian Greiffenhagen, Eric Laurier
Accounts of video game play developed from an ethnomethodological and conversation analytic (EMCA) perspective remain relatively scarce. This study collects together an emerging, if scattered, body of research which focuses on the material, practical "work" of video game players. The study offers an example-driven explication of an EMCA perspective on video game play phenomena. The materials are arranged as a "tactical zoom." We start very much "outside" the game, beginning with a wide view of how massive-multiplayer online games are played within dedicated gaming spaces; here, we find multiple players, machines, and many different sorts of activities going on (besides playing the game)...
November 30, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901211/how-to-tell-a-happy-from-an-unhappy-schizotype-personality-factors-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-individuals-with-psychotic-experiences
#5
Letícia O Alminhana, Miguel Farias, Gordon Claridge, Claude R Cloninger, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
Objective: It is unclear why some individuals reporting psychotic experiences have balanced lives while others go on to develop mental health problems. The objective of this study was to test if the personality traits of harm avoidance, self-directedness, and self-transcendence can be used as criteria to differentiate healthy from unhealthy schizotypal individuals. Methods: We interviewed 115 participants who reported a high frequency of psychotic experiences. The instruments used were the Temperament and Character Inventory (140), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, and the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899240/fire-safety-improvement-of-para-aramid-fiber-in-thermoplastic-polyurethane-elastomer
#6
Xilei Chen, Wenduo Wang, Shaoxiang Li, Chuanmei Jiao
This article mainly studied fire safety effects of para-aramid fiber (AF) in thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). The TPU/AF composites were prepared by molten blending method, and then the fire safety effects of all TPU composites were tested using cone calorimeter test (CCT), microscale combustion colorimeter test (MCC), smoke density test (SDT), and thermogravimetric/fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG-IR). The CCT test showed that AF could improve the fire safety of TPU. Remarkably, the peak value of heat release rate (pHRR) and the peak value of smoke production rate (pSPR) for the sample with 1...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883034/questioning-the-mpemba-effect-hot-water-does-not-cool-more-quickly-than-cold
#7
Henry C Burridge, Paul F Linden
The Mpemba effect is the name given to the assertion that it is quicker to cool water to a given temperature when the initial temperature is higher. This assertion seems counter-intuitive and yet references to the effect go back at least to the writings of Aristotle. Indeed, at first thought one might consider the effect to breach fundamental thermodynamic laws, but we show that this is not the case. We go on to examine the available evidence for the Mpemba effect and carry out our own experiments by cooling water in carefully controlled conditions...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873404/the-show-must-go-on-patients-props-and-pedagogy-in-the-theatre-of-the-osce
#8
Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston
 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871190/the-significance-of-social-rules-in-group-training-sessions
#9
Line Blixt, Kari Nyheim Solbrække
PURPOSE: To identify what types of social rules are involved in group interventions led by physiotherapists (PTs), and how these rules influence individual recovery. METHODS: Eight patients; six women and two men, which had recently undergone elective hip or knee replacement surgery, were recruited as informants from an intervention group that investigated effect of task specific exercise. The data comprise observational notes from group training sessions and one-on-one semi-structured interviews with the eight patients...
November 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866412/failing-to-deliver-established-quality-treatment-for-cervical-cancer-what-is-going-on-and-how-can-we-improve-it
#10
Colin Hill, Daniel M Trifiletti, Timothy N Showalter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862959/understanding-zika-virus
#11
John S Murray
PURPOSE: This article describes what pediatric healthcare professionals should know about Zika virus (ZIKV). LITERATURE REVIEW: ZIKV is classified as an arthropod-borne, single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family and genus Flavivirus. ZIKV is not new. The virus was first discovered almost 70 years ago in Uganda. The first isolate of the virus was found in rhesus monkeys in the Zika Forrest, hence the nomenclature. The primary route of ZIKV transmission to humans is through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito-primarily Aedes aegypti...
November 9, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860329/interpretive-analysis-of-85-systematic-reviews-suggests-that-narrative-syntheses-and-meta-analyses-are-incommensurate-in-argumentation
#12
G J Melendez-Torres, A O'Mara-Eves, J Thomas, G Brunton, J Caird, M Petticrew
Using Toulmin's argumentation theory, we analysed the texts of systematic reviews in the area of workplace health promotion to explore differences in the modes of reasoning embedded in reports of narrative synthesis as compared with reports of meta-analysis. We used framework synthesis, grounded theory and cross-case analysis methods to analyse 85 systematic reviews addressing intervention effectiveness in workplace health promotion. Two core categories, or 'modes of reasoning', emerged to frame the contrast between narrative synthesis and meta-analysis: practical-configurational reasoning in narrative synthesis ('what is going on here? What picture emerges?') and inferential-predictive reasoning in meta-analysis ('does it work, and how well? Will it work again?')...
November 17, 2016: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859099/bidirectional-associations-between-newlyweds-marital-satisfaction-and-marital-problems-over-time
#13
Justin A Lavner, Benjamin R Karney, Hannah C Williamson, Thomas N Bradbury
Prevailing views of marital functioning generally adopt the view that marital problems predict decreases in marital satisfaction, but alternative theoretical perspectives raise the possibility that lowered satisfaction can also predict increases in problems. The current study sought to integrate and compare these perspectives by examining the bidirectional cross-lagged associations between newlyweds' reports of their marital satisfaction and marital problems over the first 4 years of marriage. Using annual assessments from 483 heterosexual newlywed couples, we find evidence for problem-to-satisfaction linkages as well as satisfaction-to-problem linkages...
November 8, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857919/multiple-intracranial-high-density-foci-after-brain-parenchymal-catheterization
#14
Tae-Min Choi, Kyu Yong Cho, Byung Chan Lim, Jun Seob Lim, Rae-Seop Lee
OBJECTIVE: To report an observational investigation of small high attenuated foci in computed tomography (CT) scan followed by brain parenchymal catheterization. METHODS: From January 2011 to March 2015, we retrospectively reviewed the 381 patients who had undergone brain catheterization in our clinic and enrolled the patients who had newly developed high attenuation foci in the postoperative CT scans. The brain CT scans were reviewed about the lesion location, Hounsfield Unit (HU) and the time of appearance...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846914/review-of-journal-of-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-2015
#15
REVIEW
D J Pennell, A J Baksi, S K Prasad, R H Mohiaddin, F Alpendurada, S V Babu-Narayan, J E Schneider, D N Firmin
There were 116 articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (JCMR) in 2015, which is a 14 % increase on the 102 articles published in 2014. The quality of the submissions continues to increase. The 2015 JCMR Impact Factor (which is published in June 2016) rose to 5.75 from 4.72 for 2014 (as published in June 2015), which is the highest impact factor ever recorded for JCMR. The 2015 impact factor means that the JCMR papers that were published in 2013 and 2014 were cited on average 5...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830330/risk-factors-of-nonadherence-to-colonoscopy-surveillance-after-polypectomy-and-its-impact-on-clinical-outcomes-a-kasid-multicenter-study
#16
Chung Hyun Tae, Chang Mo Moon, Seong-Eun Kim, Sung-Ae Jung, Chang Soo Eun, Jae Jun Park, Geom Seog Seo, Jae Myung Cha, Sung Chul Park, Jaeyoung Chun, Hyun Jung Lee, Yunho Jung, Jin Oh Kim, Young-Eun Joo, Dong Il Park
BACKGROUND: An optimal surveillance program is important to prevent advanced colorectal neoplasm. In this context, we have evaluated the cumulative risk of high-risk adenoma (HRA) or colorectal cancer (CRC) according to surveillance interval time after polypectomy. In addition, we assessed risk factors for late surveillance to determine whether late surveillance can impact the risk of subsequent advanced colorectal neoplasm. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study involving 3562 subjects who had undergone removal of at least one adenoma at the index colonoscopy and who subsequently underwent a surveillance colonoscopy...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827285/nhs-clinical-evaluation-team-what-s-going-on
#17
Camila Fronzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822109/the-danish-neuro-oncology-registry
#18
REVIEW
Steinbjørn Hansen
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Neuro-Oncology Registry (DNOR) was established by the Danish Neuro-Oncology Group as a national clinical database. It was established for the purpose of supporting research and development in adult patients with primary brain tumors in Denmark. STUDY POPULATION: DNOR has registered clinical data on diagnostics and treatment of all adult patients diagnosed with glioma since January 1, 2009, which numbers approximately 400 patients each year...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821735/autobiographical-memory-future-imagining-and-the-medial-temporal-lobe
#19
Adam J O Dede, John T Wixted, Ramona O Hopkins, Larry R Squire
In two experiments, patients with damage to the medial temporal lobe (MTL) and healthy controls produced detailed autobiographical narratives as they remembered past events (recent and remote) and imagined future events (near and distant). All recent events occurred after the onset of memory impairment. The first experiment aimed to replicate the methods of Race et al. [Race E, Keane MM, Verfaellie M (2011) J Neurosci 31(28):10262-10269]. Transcripts from that study were kindly made available for independent analysis, which largely reproduced the findings from that study...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817106/reduced-sensitivity-for-visual-textures-affects-judgments-of-shape-from-shading-and-step-climbing-behaviour-in-older-adults
#20
Andrew J Schofield, Benjamin Curzon-Jones, Mark A Hollands
Falls on stairs are a major hazard for older adults. Visual decline in normal ageing can affect step-climbing ability, altering gait and reducing toe clearance. Here we show that a loss of fine-grained visual information associated with age can affect the perception of surface undulations in patterned surfaces. We go on to show that such cues affect the limb trajectories of young adults, but due to their lack of sensitivity, not that of older adults. Interestingly neither the perceived height of a step nor conscious awareness is altered by our visual manipulation, but stepping behaviour is, suggesting that the influence of shape perception on stepping behaviour is via the unconscious, action-centred, dorsal visual pathway...
November 5, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
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