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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243728/go-on-a-restorative-dental-materials-journey
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240626/first-report-of-biventricular-percutaneous-impella-ventricular-assist-device-use-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Javier J Lasa, Daniel A Castellanos, Susan W Denfield, William J Dreyer, Sebastian C Tume, Henri Justino, Athar M Qureshi
There is a growing interest in the use of percutaneously delivered ventricular assist devices (PVAD) in the pediatric patient population. A 16 year old female and 18 year old male both status post heart transplantation presented with evidence of graft rejection and acute severe global systolic and diastolic heart failure necessitating hemodynamic catheterization and inotropic support. Both underwent percutaneous Impella CP LVAD (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) placement with close monitoring of right ventricular function...
December 11, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239633/spatial-but-not-temporal-numerosity-thresholds-correlate-with-formal-math-skills-in-children
#3
Giovanni Anobile, Roberto Arrighi, Elisa Castaldi, Eleonora Grassi, Lara Pedonese, Paula A M Moscoso, David C Burr
Humans and other animals are able to make rough estimations of quantities using what has been termed the approximate number system (ANS). Much evidence suggests that sensitivity to numerosity correlates with symbolic math capacity, leading to the suggestion that the ANS may serve as a start-up tool to develop symbolic math. Many experiments have demonstrated that numerosity perception transcends the sensory modality of stimuli and their presentation format (sequential or simultaneous), but it remains an open question whether the relationship between numerosity and math generalizes over stimulus format and modality...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238426/wearable-devices-for-caloric-intake-assessment-state-of-art-and-future-developments
#4
REVIEW
Maria Laura Magrini, Clara Minto, Francesca Lazzarini, Matteo Martinato, Dario Gregori
Background: The self-monitoring of caloric intake is becoming necessary as the number of pathologies related to eating increases. New wearable devices may help people to automatically record energy assumed in their meals. Objective: The present review collects the released articles about wearable devices or method for automatic caloric assessments. Method: A literature research has been performed with PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and ClinicalTrials...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236556/mechanisms-of-change-for-children-participating-in-therapeutic-horse-riding-a-grounded-theory
#5
R A Martin, F P Graham, W J Taylor, W M M Levack
AIM: To develop a model for understanding mechanisms of change in health outcomes for riders with disabilities participating in therapeutic horse riding (THR). METHODS: Using grounded theory methods we collected and analyzed data from interviews with 16 child riders and 18 caregivers, teachers and primary therapists, and from participant-observation during THR sessions. RESULTS: The central concept underpinning the model illustrating mechanisms of change was "gaining the tools to go on...
December 13, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230403/farmer-and-veterinarian-attitudes-towards-the-bovine-tuberculosis-eradication-programme-in-spain-what-is-going-on-in-the-field
#6
Giovanna Ciaravino, Patricia Ibarra, Ester Casal, Sergi Lopez, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Sebastian Napp, Alberto Allepuz
The effectiveness of health interventions against bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is influenced by several "non-biological" factors that may hamper bTB detection and control. Although the engagement of stakeholders is a key factor for the eradication programme's success, social factors have been often ignored in the control programmes of animal diseases, especially in developed countries. In this study, we used a qualitative approach to investigate perceptions, opinions, attitudes, and beliefs of farmers, and veterinarians who may influence the effectiveness of the Spanish bTB eradication programme...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206658/lung-function-trajectories-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-current-understanding-and-knowledge-gaps
#7
Jamuna K Krishnan, Fernando J Martinez
PURPOSE OR REVIEW: Population-based studies have shown a significant heterogeneity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), regarding both the attainment of maximal lung function and the subsequent decline over time. This review will highlight recent advances in the understanding of lung function trajectory in COPD, focusing on factors that influence peak adult lung function, markers of accelerated lung function decline and pharmacologic interventions in early phases of the disease...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206157/effect-of-graphene-oxide-go-on-the-morphology-and-microstructure-of-cement-hydration-products
#8
Liguo Wang, Shupeng Zhang, Dapeng Zheng, Haibin Yang, Hongzhi Cui, Waiching Tang, Dongxu Li
In this study, the effects of graphene oxide (GO) on the microstructure of cement mortars were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric (TG), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Cement mortar samples with different proportions of GO (0.02, 0.04, 0.06, and 0.08 wt % based on the weight of cement) were prepared. The test results showed that GO affected the crystallization of cement hydration products, C-S-H (calcium silicate hydrate is the main hydrate product) and CH (calcium hydroxide)...
December 5, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202778/regulator-of-oligodendrocyte-maturation-mir-219-a-potential-biomarker-for-ms
#9
Ilona B Bruinsma, Marie van Dijk, Claire Bridel, Timothy van de Lisdonk, Sanne Q Haverkort, Tessel F Runia, Lawrence Steinman, Rogier Q Hintzen, Joep Killestein, Marcel M Verbeek, Charlotte E Teunissen, Brigit A de Jong
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating and degenerative disease of the central nervous system. Normally, demyelination is followed by remyelination, which requires repopulation of a demyelinated area by oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Although large numbers of precursor cells are present in MS lesions, remyelination often fails, in part by the inability of precursor cells to differentiate into mature myelin-forming cells. In mouse and rat, miR-219 is required for this differentiation...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202436/visual-detection-of-cyanide-ions-by-membrane-based-nanozyme-assay
#10
Chia-Wen Lien, Binesh Unnikrishnan, Scott G Harroun, Chih-Min Wang, Jia-Yaw Chang, Huan-Tsung Chang, Chih-Ching Huang
In this paper, we report a simple one-step synthesis of well-dispersed amorphous cobalt hydroxide/oxide-modified graphene oxide (CoOxH-GO) possessing peroxidase-like catalytic activity, and its application for the detection of H2O2, glucose, and CN- ions. CoOxH is formed and deposited in situ on the GO surface through the reaction between GO (size ~ 240nm) and Co2+ in basic solution at room temperature. We investigated the enzyme-mimicking activity of the CoOxH-GO nanohybrid in detail via the H2O2-mediated oxidation of Amplex Red (AR) to form fluorescent resorufin...
November 26, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201280/a-network-approach-to-examining-injury-severity-in-pediatric-tbi
#11
Emily L Dennis, Faisal Rashid, Neda Jahanshad, Talin Babikian, Richard Mink, Christopher Babbitt, Jeffrey Johnson, Christopher C Giza, Robert F Asarnow, Paul M Thompson
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in children, and can lead to long lasting functional impairment. Many factors influence outcome, but imaging studies examining effects of individual variables are limited by sample size. Roughly 20-40% of hospitalized TBI patients experience seizures, but not all of these patients go on to develop a recurrent seizure disorder. Here we examined differences in structural network connectivity in pediatric patients who had sustained a moderate-severe TBI (msTBI)...
2017: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: from Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197394/designing-synthetic-networks-in-silico-a-generalised-evolutionary-algorithm-approach
#12
Robert W Smith, Bob van Sluijs, Christian Fleck
BACKGROUND: Evolution has led to the development of biological networks that are shaped by environmental signals. Elucidating, understanding and then reconstructing important network motifs is one of the principal aims of Systems & Synthetic Biology. Consequently, previous research has focused on finding optimal network structures and reaction rates that respond to pulses or produce stable oscillations. In this work we present a generalised in silico evolutionary algorithm that simultaneously finds network structures and reaction rates (genotypes) that can satisfy multiple defined objectives (phenotypes)...
December 2, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189943/relieving-one-s-relatives-from-the-burdens-of-care
#13
Govert den Hartogh
It has been proposed that an old and ill person may have a 'duty to die', i.e. to refuse life-saving treatment or to end her own life, when she is dependent on the care of intimates and the burdens of care are becoming too heavy for them. In this paper I argue for three contentions: (1) You cannot have a strict duty to die, correlating to a claim-right of your relatives, because if they reach the point at which the burdens of care are larger than you can reasonably expect them to take, the natural conclusion is that their duty ends...
November 30, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188332/-i-never-made-it-to-the-pros%C3%A2-return-to-sport-and-becoming-an-elite-athlete-after-pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#14
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Romain Seil, Eleonor Svantesson, Julian A Feller, Kate E Webster, Lars Engebretsen, Kurt Spindler, Rainer Siebold, Jón Karlsson, Kristian Samuelsson
The management of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in the skeletally immature and adolescent patient remains an area of controversy in sports medicine. This study, therefore, summarizes and discusses the current evidence related to treating pediatric and adolescent patients who sustain an ACL injury. The current literature identifies a trend towards ACL reconstruction as the preferred treatment option for ACL injuries in the young, largely justified by the risk of further structural damage to the knee joint...
November 29, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186062/viral-oncology-molecular-biology-and-pathogenesis
#15
REVIEW
Uyen Ngoc Mui, Christopher T Haley, Stephen K Tyring
Oncoviruses are implicated in approximately 12% of all human cancers. A large number of the world's population harbors at least one of these oncoviruses, but only a small proportion of these individuals go on to develop cancer. The interplay between host and viral factors is a complex process that works together to create a microenvironment conducive to oncogenesis. In this review, the molecular biology and oncogenic pathways of established human oncoviruses will be discussed. Currently, there are seven recognized human oncoviruses, which include Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV), Human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1), Human Herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), and Merkel Cell Polyomavirus (MCPyV)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185971/biosimilars-shake-off-doubters-go-on-a-roll
#16
Thomas Reinke
Seven biosimilars have crossed the FDA-approval finish line. The FDA has largely held to the abbreviated pathway it laid out originally. The big change is that the rest of the world is starting to understand it. Approvals are based upon "the totality of evidence," "analytic similarity," and clinical performance with much less emphasis placed on phase 3 trials.
November 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184118/co2-mitigation-potential-of-plug-in-hybrid-electric-vehicles-larger-than-expected
#17
P Plötz, S A Funke, P Jochem, M Wietschel
The actual contribution of plug-in hybrid and battery electric vehicles (PHEV and BEV) to greenhouse gas mitigation depends on their real-world usage. Often BEV are seen as superior as they drive only electrically and do not have any direct emissions during driving. However, empirical evidence on which vehicle electrifies more mileage with a given battery capacity is lacking. Here, we present the first systematic overview of empirical findings on actual PHEV and BEV usage for the US and Germany. Contrary to common belief, PHEV with about 60 km of real-world range currently electrify as many annual vehicles kilometres as BEV with a much smaller battery...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183748/antimicrobial-stewardship-program-in-critical-care-medicine-what-is-going-on-who-gives-more
#18
R Zaragoza Crespo, A C Cercos LLetí
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183523/hypoalbuminemia-and-clinical-outcomes-what-is-the-mechanism-behind-the-relationship
#19
REVIEW
Sunghye Kim, Stephen A McClave, Robert G Martindale, Keith R Miller, Ryan T Hurt
Albumin has a number of important physiologic functions, which include maintaining oncotic pressure, transporting various agents (fatty acids, bile acids, cholesterol, metal ions, and drugs), scavenging free oxygen radicals, acting as an antioxidant, and exerting an antiplatelet effect. Hypoalbuminemia in adults, defined by an intravascular albumin level of <3.5 g/dL, is associated with poor postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgical intervention. Although the relationship of hypoalbuminemia and poor surgical outcome has been known for many years, the pathophysiology behind the relationship is unclear...
November 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178251/seizure-and-cognitive-outcomes-after-resection-of-glioneuronal-tumors-in-children
#20
Andrew M Faramand, Nicola Barnes, Sue Harrison, Roxanna Gunny, Tom Jacques, Zubair M Tahir, Sophia M Varadkar, Helen J Cross, William Harkness, Martin M Tisdall
OBJECTIVE: Glioneuronal tumors (GNTs) are well-recognized causes of chronic drug-resistant focal epilepsy in children. Our practice involves an initial period of radiological surveillance and antiepileptic medications, with surgery being reserved for those with radiological progression or refractory seizures. We planned to analyze the group of patients with low-grade GNTs, aiming to identify factors affecting seizure and cognitive outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 150 children presenting to Great Ormond Street Hospital with seizures secondary to GNTs...
November 26, 2017: Epilepsia
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