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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344913/indoor-localisation-through-object-detection-within-multiple-environments-utilising-a-single-wearable-camera
#1
Colin Shewell, Chris Nugent, Mark Donnelly, Haiying Wang, Macarena Espinilla
The recent growth in the wearable sensor market has stimulated new opportunities within the domain of Ambient Assisted Living, providing unique methods of collecting occupant information. This approach leverages contemporary wearable technology, Google Glass, to facilitate a unique first-person view of the occupants immediate environment. Machine vision techniques are employed to determine an occupant's location via environmental object detection. This method provides additional secondary benefits such as first person tracking within the environment and lack of required sensor interaction to determine occupant location...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337430/improving-access-to-use-of-and-outcomes-from-public-health-programs-the-importance-of-building-and-maintaining-trust-with-patients-clients
#2
REVIEW
Paul Russell Ward
The central argument in this paper is that "public trust" is critical for developing and maintaining the health and wellbeing of individuals, communities, and societies. I argue that public health practitioners and policy makers need to take "public trust" seriously if they intend to improve both the public's health and the engagement between members of the public and public health systems. Public health practitioners implement a range of services and interventions aimed at improving health but implicit a requirement for individuals to trust the practitioners and the services/interventions, before they engage with them...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327011/the-reality-of-the-front-line
#3
Erin Dean
More than 3,000 nurses have responded to a survey that has revealed the increasing pressure felt by those in the profession. Respondents reported going on sick leave due to stress and taking antidepressants. Eight out of ten of the 3,103 nurses and healthcare assistants who responded said the quality of care had declined over the past five years.
March 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315846/risk-factors-for-early-psychosis-in-pd-insights-from-the-parkinson-s-progression-markers-initiative
#4
Dominic H Ffytche, Joana B Pereira, Clive Ballard, K Ray Chaudhuri, Daniel Weintraub, Dag Aarsland
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's Disease (PD) psychosis refers to the spectrum of illusions, formed hallucinations and delusions that occur in PD. Visual hallucinations and illusions are thought to be caused by specific cognitive and higher visual function deficits and patients who develop such symptoms early in the disease course have greater rates of cognitive decline and progression to dementia. To date, no studies have investigated whether such deficits are found prior to the onset of PD psychosis...
April 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304363/knee-viscosupplementation-cost-effectiveness-analysis-between-stabilized-hyaluronic-acid-in-a-single-injection-versus-five-injections-of-standard-hyaluronic-acid
#5
Francisco J Estades-Rubio, Alvaro Reyes-Martín, Victor Morales-Marcos, Mercedes García-Piriz, Juan J García-Vera, Macarena Perán, Juan A Marchal, Elvira Montañez-Heredia
Given the wide difference in price per vial between various presentations of hyaluronic acid, this study seeks to compare the effectiveness and treatment cost of stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA) in a single injection with standard preparations of hyaluronic acid (HA) in five injections in osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Fifty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence Grade II and III) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) pain score greater than 7, with a homogeneous distribution of age, sex, BMI, and duration of disease, were included in this study...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302835/the-lights-go-on-in-order
#6
EDITORIAL
Pamela J Hines
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299979/artepillin-c-is-it-a-good-marker-for-quality-control-of-brazilian-green-propolis
#7
Cui-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Ge Shen, Jia-Wei Chen, Xia-Sen Jiang, Kai Wang, Fu-Liang Hu
As commercialisation of Brazilian green propolis is going on, quality evaluation and authenticity are important. The result demonstrated that artepillin C found by far in Brazilian green propolis by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis, while a small interferent may be mistaken as artepillin C in some propolis from China. A new HPLC quality control method as artepillin C for marker was developed, which is the primary assessment criteria for quality control of Brazilian green propolis.
March 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295399/interdependent-diversities-reflections-on-the-community-diversity-dialectic
#8
Greg Townley
This commentary reflects on the Community-Diversity Dialectic, summarizing its development and reviewing its impact on community psychology research and practice. Two contemporary examples are presented to illustrate both the possibilities of and challenges to bridging the gap between sense of community and diversity: the rise of the so-called "alt-right" on the one hand, and the popularity of Pokémon Go on the other. The article concludes with a brief discussion of Kurt Lewin's contributions to group dynamics theory, recommending that an emphasis on our interdependent fates and goals is paramount to reconciling the tensions between sense of community and diversity that persist in an increasingly complex multicultural world...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290949/dod-supported-overseas-training-rotations-in-tropical-medicine-and-global-health-2000-2015
#9
James D Mancuso, Patrick W Hickey, Rodney L Coldren, Amy K Korman, Lisa W Keep, Robert F DeFraites, Maria Smith, Luke J Mancuso, Jose L Sanchez
In 1999, the Department of Defense developed a tropical medicine training program (TMTP) to train military physicians, medical students, and scientists in performing surveillance activities in an overseas environment. This review describes the competencies, educational approach, program participants, institutional collaborations, and process outcomes of the TMTP from 2000 to 2015. TMTP-sponsored rotations addressed a wide variety of interdisciplinary competencies, many of which have military-unique applications...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288378/preparation-of-a-stable-aqueous-suspension-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-by-a-green-method-for-applications-in-biomaterials
#10
Xiang Ji, Yahui Song, Jing Han, Lin Ge, Xiaoxiang Zhao, Chen Xu, Yongqiang Wang, Di Wu, Haixia Qiu
A green approach for the preparation of a stable reduced graphene oxide (RGO) suspension from graphene oxide (GO) has been developed. This method uses l-serine (l-Ser) as the reductant and yellow dextrin (YD) as the stabilizing agent. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analyses showed that l-Ser can efficiently reduce GO at a comparatively low temperature, and that the YD adsorbed onto the RGO facilitating the formation of a stable RGO aqueous suspension...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286560/prevalence-of-end-of-treatment-rna-positive-sustained-viral-response-in-hcv-patients-treated-with-sofosbuvir-combination-therapies
#11
Miguel Malespin, Tamara Benyashvili, Susan L Uprichard, Alan S Perelson, Harel Dahari, Scott J Cotler
BACKGROUND: Some chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), genotype 1 infected patients treated with direct antiviral agents (DAAs) remain viremic at end of treatment (EOT+), yet go on to achieve sustained virological response 12 weeks after completion of therapy (SVR12). The incidence of EOT+/SVR in patients with genotype 1 and other genotypes, as well as whether such patients achieve SVR24 remain in question. The aims of this study were to evaluate the frequency and durability of EOT+/SVR12&24 and other response categories in HCV genotype 1, 2, or 3 infected patients treated with DAA in clinical practice...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280867/general-assay-for-enzymes-in-the-heptose-biosynthesis-pathways-using-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#12
Jimin Park, Daeun Lee, Eun Kyoung Seo, Jae-Sang Ryu, Dong Hae Shin
The ADP-L-glycero-β-D-manno-heptose and the GDP-6-deoxy-α-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis pathways play important roles in constructing lipopolysaccharide of Gram-negative bacteria. Blocking the pathways is lethal or increases antibiotic susceptibility to pathogens. Therefore, the enzymes involved in the pathways are novel antibiotic drug targets. Here, we designed an efficient method to assay the whole enzymes in the pathways using mass spectrometry and screened 148 compounds. One promising lead is (-)-nyasol targeting D-glycero-α-D-manno-heptose-1-phosphate guanylyltransferase (HddC) included in the GDP-6-deoxy-α-D-manno-heptose biosynthesis pathway from Burkholderia pseudomallei...
March 9, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273002/agency-behind-bars-advance-care-planning-with-aging-and-dying-offenders
#13
Sara Sanders, Meredith Stensland, Kim Juraco
Aging and terminally ill individuals in U.S. prisons are increasing, making critical the need for appropriate end-of-life (EOL) care and advance care planning (ACP). Applying Bandura's Agentic perspective, we examined 20 aging/dying offenders' EOL preferences and ACP. Findings include six themes: Decisions in the shadow of the past, What works best for me, Feeling blessed, What is really going on, Can anyone be trusted, and Turning agency over to someone else. This study provides critical information that will assist professionals who work with dying offenders, as it presents a vivid illustration of their dying process...
March 8, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270126/analysis-of-novel-sjogren-s-syndrome-autoantibodies-in-patients-with-dry-eyes
#14
Sandra Everett, Sahana Vishwanath, Vanessa Cavero, Long Shen, Lakshmanan Suresh, Kishore Malyavantham, Norah Lincoff-Cohen, Julian L Ambrus
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common problem in Ophthalmology and may occur for many reasons including Sjogren's syndrome (SS). Recent studies have identified autoantibodies, anti-salivary gland protein 1 (SP1), anti-carbonic anhydrase 6 (CA6) and anti-parotid secretory protein (PSP), which occur early in the course of SS. The current studies were designed to evaluate how many patients with idiopathic dry eye and no evidence of systemic diseases from a dry eye practice have these autoantibodies...
March 7, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262072/the-waiting-game
#15
Emma Cowen
After three years of writing essays, attending lectures, taking exams, going on placements and being a student I have qualified.
March 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261127/the-theory-of-localist-representation-and-of-a-purely-abstract-cognitive-system-the-evidence-from-cortical-columns-category-cells-and-multisensory-neurons
#16
Asim Roy
The debate about representation in the brain and the nature of the cognitive system has been going on for decades now. This paper examines the neurophysiological evidence, primarily from single cell recordings, to get a better perspective on both the issues. After an initial review of some basic concepts, the paper reviews the data from single cell recordings - in cortical columns and of category-selective and multisensory neurons. In neuroscience, columns in the neocortex (cortical columns) are understood to be a basic functional/computational unit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260150/importance-of-multidisciplinary-management-for-pulmonary-atresia-ventricular-septal-defect-major-aorto-pulmonary-collateral-arteries-and-completely-absent-central-pulmonary-arteries
#17
Takaya Hoashi, Satoshi Yazaki, Koji Kagisaki, Masataka Kitano, Masatoshi Shimada, Isao Shiraishi, Hajime Ichikawa
BACKGROUND: To review long-term clinical outcomes for pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect (PA/VSD), major aorto-pulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) and completely absent central pulmonary arteries (cPAs). METHODS: Of all 120 surgically treated patients with PA/VSD, MAPCAs between 1981 and 2011, 15 patients (12.5%) with completely absent cPAs were enrolled. The median age at initial surgery was 3.8 ± 4.9 years old (range 0.1-17.6) and 3.5 (2-6)...
March 4, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255781/a-non-randomized-confirmatory-trial-of-segmentectomy-for-clinical-t1n0-lung-cancer-with-dominant-ground-glass-opacity-based-on-thin-section-computed-tomography-jcog1211
#18
Keiju Aokage, Hisashi Saji, Kenji Suzuki, Tomonori Mizutani, Hiroshi Katayama, Taro Shibata, Syunichi Watanabe, Hisao Asamura
INTRODUCTION: Lobectomy has been the standard surgery for even stage I lung cancer since the validity of limited resection for stage I lung cancer was denied by the randomized study reported in 1995. The aim of this non-randomized confirmatory going on since September 2013 is to confirm the efficacy of a segmentectomy for clinical T1N0 lung cancer with dominant ground glass opacity based on thin-slice computed tomography. METHOD: A total of 390 patients from 42 Japanese institutions are recruited within 4 years...
March 2, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254197/early-life-adversity-during-the-infant-sensitive-period-for-attachment-programming-of-behavioral-neurobiology-of-threat-processing-and-social-behavior
#19
REVIEW
Maya Opendak, Elizabeth Gould, Regina Sullivan
Animals, including humans, require a highly coordinated and flexible system of social behavior and threat evaluation. However, trauma can disrupt this system, with the amygdala implicated as a mediator of these impairments in behavior. Recent evidence has further highlighted the context of infant trauma as a critical variable in determining its immediate and enduring consequences, with trauma experienced from an attachment figure, such as occurs in cases of caregiver-child maltreatment, as particularly detrimental...
February 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248154/collaborative-care-and-active-surveillance-for-screen-positive-elders-with-subthreshold-depression-casper-a-multicentred-randomised-controlled-trial-of-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness
#20
Helen Lewis, Joy Adamson, Katie Atherton, Della Bailey, Jacqueline Birtwistle, Katharine Bosanquet, Emily Clare, Jaime Delgadillo, David Ekers, Deborah Foster, Rhian Gabe, Samantha Gascoyne, Lesley Haley, Rebecca Hargate, Catherine Hewitt, John Holmes, Ada Keding, Amanda Lilley-Kelly, Jahnese Maya, Dean McMillan, Shaista Meer, Jodi Meredith, Natasha Mitchell, Sarah Nutbrown, Karen Overend, Madeline Pasterfield, David Richards, Karen Spilsbury, David Torgerson, Gemma Traviss-Turner, Dominic Trépel, Rebecca Woodhouse, Friederike Ziegler, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce the burden of illness and personal suffering associated with depression in older adults have focused on those with more severe depressive syndromes. Less attention has been paid to those with mild disorders/subthreshold depression, but these patients also suffer significant impairments in their quality of life and level of functioning. There is currently no clear evidence-based guidance regarding treatment for this patient group. OBJECTIVES: To establish the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a low-intensity intervention of collaborative care for primary care older adults who screened positive for subthreshold depression...
February 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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