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Nathan De Vries, Priscilla Prestes, Indrajeet Rana, Stephen B Harrap, Fadi J Charchar
OBJECTIVE: The 'legacy effect' of hypertension treatment is where short term treatment with blood pressure (BP) lowering drugs such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) is followed by a persistent reduction in BP, reduced cardiovascular complications and increased lifespan. However, the involvement of epigenetics mechanisms remains unclear. DNA methylation is the binding of a methyl group to DNA which inhibits gene transcription. The aim of this study is to investigate DNA methylation changes after short term treatment with ACEi...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Da Liang, Hong Wang, Wei Song, Xin Xiong, Xianhua Zhang, Zhiping Hu, Huahu Guo, Zhenjun Yang, Suodi Zhai, Li-He Zhang, Min Ye, Quan Du
N(6)-methyladenine (6 mA) is a recently characterized DNA modification in mammalian genomes, although its biological importance remains to be resolved. Using a highly sensitive HPLC/MS/MS approach, here we report regulation of 6 mA modification in mammalian cells. To these aspects, down-regulation of 6 mA modification was first characterized in human cancer cells and tissues, relative to their normal controls. In contrast to the relative stable 5 mC modification, a dramatic decrease of 6 mA modification was found, showing that 6 mA is the most regulated DNA modification in cancers...
September 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ryan Siskey, Lauren Ciccarelli, Melissa K C Lui, Steven M Kurtz
BACKGROUND: Most contemporary total disc replacements (TDRs) use conventional orthopaedic bearing couples such as ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (polyethylene) and cobalt-chromium (CoCr). Cervical total disc replacements incorporating polyetheretherketone (PEEK) bearings (specifically PEEK-on-PEEK bearings) have been previously investigated, but little is known about PEEK-on-ceramic bearings for TDR. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the tribologic behavior of a PEEK-on-ceramic bearing for cervical TDR under idealized, clean wear test conditions? (2) How does the PEEK-on-ceramic design perform under impingement conditions? (3) How is the PEEK-on-ceramic bearing affected by abrasive wear? (4) Is the particle morphology from PEEK-on-ceramic bearings for TDRs affected by adverse wear scenarios? METHODS: PEEK-on-ceramic cervical TDR bearings were subjected to a 10 million cycle ideal wear test based on ASTM F2423 and ISO 181912-1 using a six-station spine wear simulator (MTS, Eden Prairie, MN, USA) with 5 g/L bovine serum concentration at 23° ± 2° C (ambient temperature)...
November 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Nathan De Vries, Priscilla Prestes, Indrajeet Rana, Stephen B Harrap, Fadi J Charchar
OBJECTIVE: The 'legacy effect' of hypertension treatment is where short term treatment with blood pressure (BP) lowering drugs such as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) is followed by a persistent reduction in BP, reduced cardiovascular complications and increased lifespan. However, the involvement of epigenetics mechanisms remains unclear. DNA methylation is the binding of a methyl group to DNA which inhibits gene transcription. The aim of this study is to investigate DNA methylation changes after short term treatment with ACEi...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Shangxian Ma, Huiping Sun, Yan Li, Honglan Qi, Jianbin Zheng
DNA methylation is used to dynamically reprogram cells in the course of early embryonic development in mammals. 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine in DNA (5-hmC-DNA) plays essential roles in the demethylation processes. 5-Methylcytosine in DNA (5-mC-DNA) is oxidized to 5-hmC-DNA by 10-11 translocation proteins, which are relatively high abundance in embryonic stem cells and neurons. A new method was developed herein to quantify 5-hmC-DNA based on selective electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) labeling with the specific oxidation of 5-hmC to 5-fC by KRuO4...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Lu Zhang, Xu Xue, Jie Yan, Li-Ying Yan, Xiao-Hu Jin, Xiao-Hui Zhu, Zhi-Zhu He, Jing Liu, Rong Li, Jie Qiao
BACKGROUND: L-proline is a natural, nontoxic cryoprotectant that helps cells and tissues to tolerate freezing in a variety of plants and animals. The use of L-proline in mammalian oocyte cryopreservation is rare. In this study, we explored the cryobiological characteristics of L-proline and evaluated its protective effect in mouse oocyte cryopreservation. METHODS: The freezing property of L-proline was detected by Raman spectroscopy and osmometer. Mature oocytes obtained from 8-week-old B6D2F1 mice were vitrified in a solution consisting various concentration of L-proline with a reduced proportion of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and ethylene glycol (EG), comparing with the control group (15% DMSO and 15% EG without L-proline)...
August 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Carolina M Greco, Paolo Kunderfranco, Marcello Rubino, Veronica Larcher, Pierluigi Carullo, Achille Anselmo, Kerstin Kurz, Thomas Carell, Andrea Angius, Michael V G Latronico, Roberto Papait, Gianluigi Condorelli
Methylation at 5-cytosine (5-mC) is a fundamental epigenetic DNA modification associated recently with cardiac disease. In contrast, the role of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC)-5-mC's oxidation product-in cardiac biology and disease is unknown. Here we assess the hydroxymethylome in embryonic, neonatal, adult and hypertrophic mouse cardiomyocytes, showing that dynamic modulation of hydroxymethylated DNA is associated with specific transcriptional networks during heart development and failure. DNA hydroxymethylation marks the body of highly expressed genes as well as distal regulatory regions with enhanced activity...
August 4, 2016: Nature Communications
Katarina Trčko, Mario Poljak, Miljenko Križmarić, Jovan Miljković
Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) is a common skin pathogen in both adults and children. In this prospective study, we clinically evaluated consecutive patients with molluscum contagiosum (MC) who had been examined during a 5-year period at the second-largest dermatology clinic in Slovenia and described their main demographic and clinical characteristics, concomitant diseases, and treatment success. The study included 188 patients, of which 121 (64%) were men and 67 (36%) were women. A total of 135 (72%) patients were adults, with lesions that were most commonly located in the anogenital region (98%) and were probably sexually acquired...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Yizhu Liu, Petter Persson, Villy Sundström, Kenneth Wärnmark
The photophysics and photochemistry of transition metal complexes (TMCs) has long been a hot field of interdisciplinary research. Rich metal-based redox processes, together with a high variety in electronic configurations and excited-state dynamics, have rendered TMCs excellent candidates for interconversion between light, chemical, and electrical energies in intramolecular, supramolecular, and interfacial arrangements. In specific applications such as photocatalytic organic synthesis, photoelectrochemical cells, and light-driven supramolecular motors, light absorption by a TMC-based photosensitizer and subsequent excited-state energy or electron transfer constitute essential steps...
August 16, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Thiyagarajan Yugendran, Belgode Narasimha Harish
INTRODUCTION: Fluoroquinolone resistant clinical isolates belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae is a major public health concern in India. Data analysis in JIPMER hospital revealed 10% rise in fluoroquinolone resistance within a span of three years suggestive of the possible involvement of mechanism/s other than QRDR capable of imparting fluoroquinolone resistance. DNA methylation regulates gene expression. Moreover, methylated cytosine is a mutational hotspot. Thus, DNA methylation can alter bacterial gene expression profile as well as facilitate the bacteria in accumulating mutations possibly leading to increased antimicrobial resistance...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ran Gao, Dan-Feng Lu, Jin Cheng, Yi Jiang, Lan Jiang, Jian-Dong Xu, Zhi-Mei Qi
An optical fiber optofluidic biosensor for the detection of DNA hybridization and methylation has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated. An in-line fiber Michelson interferometer was formed in the photonic crystal fiber. A micrhole in the collapsed region, which combined the tunable mode coupler and optofluidic channel, was fabricated by using femtosecond laser micromachining. The mode field diameter of the guided light is changed with the refractive index in the optofluidic channel, which results in the tunable coupling ratio...
December 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Guang-wei Zhong, Ling Wan, Dong-sheng Wang, Xia Fang, Qiong Chen, Ming-xuan Xie, Tao Tang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Pinggan Qianyang Recipe (PQR) on inhibiting angiotensin II (Ang II) induced proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and changes of DNA methylation. METHODS: VSMCs were cultured using tissue explant method, and PQR containing serum was prepared. Primarily cultured VSMCs were divided into four groups, the normal group, the model group, the folate group (folic acid intervention) , and the PQR group. The proliferation and migration of VSMCs was duplicated by Ang II...
May 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Osama K Zahid, Boxuan Simen Zhao, Chuan He, Adam R Hall
5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5 hmC), the oxidized form of 5-methylcytosine (5 mC), is a base modification with emerging importance in biology and disease. However, like most epigenetic elements, it is transparent to many conventional genetic techniques and is thus challenging to probe. Here, we report a rapid solid-state nanopore assay that is capable of resolving 5 hmC with high specificity and sensitivity and demonstrate its utility in assessing global modification abundance in genomic DNA.
2016: Scientific Reports
Alina P S Pang, Christopher Sugai, Alika K Maunakea
Chemical modifications of DNA comprise epigenetic mechanisms that contribute to the maintenance of cellular activities and memory. Although the function of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) has been extensively studied, little is known about the function(s) of relatively rarer and underappreciated cytosine modifications including 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC). The discovery that ten-eleven translocation (Tet) proteins mediate conversion of 5-mC to 5-hmC, and other oxidation derivatives, sparked renewed interest to understand the biological role of 5-hmC...
June 1, 2016: Biomolecular Concepts
Emna Mahfoudhi, Ibtissam Talhaoui, Xenia Cabagnols, Véronique Della Valle, Lise Secardin, Philippe Rameau, Olivier A Bernard, Alexander A Ishchenko, Salem Abbes, William Vainchenker, Murat Saparbaev, Isabelle Plo
The family of Ten-Eleven Translocation (TET) proteins is implicated in the process of active DNA demethylation and thus in epigenetic regulation. TET 1, 2 and 3 proteins are oxygenases that can hydroxylate 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) into 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) and further oxidize 5-hmC into 5-formylcytosine (5-fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5-caC). The base excision repair (BER) pathway removes the resulting 5-fC and 5-caC bases paired with a guanine and replaces them with regular cytosine. The question arises whether active modification of 5-mC residues and their subsequent elimination could affect the genomic DNA stability...
July 2016: DNA Repair
Chao Ye, Ran Tao, Qingyi Cao, Danhua Zhu, Yini Wang, Jie Wang, Juan Lu, Ermei Chen, Lanjuan Li
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common solid tumor worldwide with a poor prognosis. Accumulating evidence has implicated important regulatory roles of epigenetic modifications in the occurrence and progression of HCC. In the present study, we analyzed 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) levels in the tumor tissues and paired adjacent peritumor tissues (APTs) from four individual HCC patients using a (hydroxy)methylated DNA immunoprecipitation approach combined with deep sequencing [(h)MeDIP-Seq]...
August 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Carlotta Giromini, Raffaella Rebucci, Eleonora Fusi, Luciana Rossi, Francesca Saccone, Antonella Baldi
This study aimed to investigate the in vitro damage induced by ochratoxin A (OTA) in BME-UV1 and MDCK epithelial cells. Both cells lines were treated with OTA (0 up to 10 μg/mL), and cell viability (MTT assay), membrane stability (lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release assay) and apoptotic cell rate (Tunel assay) were investigated. Further, the effect of the incubation with OTA has been evaluated at DNA level by the determination of DNA integrity, by the quantification of DNA adduct formation (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)) and by the assessment of the global DNA methylation status (5-methyl-cytosine (5-mC))...
June 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Yao-Fei Pei, Ran Tao, Jian-Fang Li, Li-Ping Su, Bei-Qin Yu, Xiong-Yan Wu, Min Yan, Qin-Long Gu, Zheng-Gang Zhu, Bing-Ya Liu
Ten-Eleven Translocation 1 (TET1) is a member of ten eleven translocation enzymes, which convert 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC). TET1 can promote CpG islands demethylation in specific genes and often absent in various cancers. Herein, we found that TET1 expression and 5-hmC content were low in gastric tumors compared to its adjacent non-tumor tissues. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were enhanced upon TET1 knockdown in gastric cancer cells in vitro. This phenomenon was confirmed by an animal xeongraft model...
May 24, 2016: Oncotarget
Teng Wang, Jun Han, Xing Duan, Bo Xiong, Xiang-Shun Cui, Nam-Hyung Kim, Hong-Lin Liu, Shao-Chen Sun
Bisphenol A (BPA) and Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are widely used in the plastic industry such as water bottles, containers, packaging and toys. BPA and DEHP are shown to be the endocrine disruptors which disturb the endocrine system and are linked to several diseases including infertility. In this study, we investigated the effects of BPA exposure on porcine oocyte maturation and its possible reasons. Our results showed that: (i) the rates of oocyte maturation significantly decreased with 250 μM BPA treatment in vitro, but not DEHP...
May 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Xuejiao Shi, Yue Yu, Mei Luo, Zhirong Zhang, Susheng Shi, Xiaoli Feng, Zhaoli Chen, Jie He
Ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes catalyze the oxidation of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC), 5-formylcytosine and 5-carboxylcytosine, which result in genomic DNA demethylation. It was reported that 5-hmC levels were decreased in a variety of cancers and could be regarded as an epigenetic hallmark of cancer. In the present study, 5-hmC levels were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 173 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues and 91 corresponding adjacent non-tumor tissues; DNA dot blot assays were used to detect the 5-hmC level in another 50 pairs of ESCC tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues...
2016: PloS One
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