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professional sport steroid

Eugen Lungu, Johan Michaud, Nathalie J Bureau
Traumatic and overuse hip injuries occur frequently in amateur and professional athletes. After clinical assessment, imaging plays an important role in diagnosis and in defining care management of these injuries. Ultrasonography (US) is being increasingly used in assessment of hip injuries because of the wide availability of US machines, the lower cost, and the unique real-time imaging capability, which allows both static and dynamic evaluation as well as guidance of point-of-care interventions such as fluid aspiration and steroid injection...
May 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Daria Piacentino, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Livia Longo, Antonio Pavan, Luciano Stivali, Guido Stivali, Stefano Ferracuti, Roberto Brugnoli, Paola Frati, Vittorio Fineschi, Paolo Girardi, Gabriele Sani
The use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is not uncommon in athletes and appears to be associated with several psychopathological disorders of unclear prevalence. In this multicenter, cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of body image disorders (BIDs) and eating disorders (EDs) in PIED-using athletes vs. PIED nonusers. We enrolled 84 consecutive professional and amateur athletes training in sport centers in Italy, who underwent semi-structured interviews (SCID-I, SCID-II) and completed the Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI) and the Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food Eating Disorder Screening Test (SCOFF)...
November 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
A D A Fernando, L M H Bandara, H M S T Bandara, S Pilapitiya, A de Silva
BACKGROUND: Intake of medicines and supplements is widespread among the professional athletes in developed countries and there are reports to suggest inappropriate self-administration of medicine. Data from South Asia on this area is lacking. This study examined self-medication practices with regard to use of allopathic and herbal/traditional medicines among national -level Sri Lankan athletes. RESULTS: 209 athletes from 15 national sport teams were assessed using an anonymous, interviewer administered questionnaire...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Barbara Pergolizzi, Vitina Carriero, Giuliana Abbadessa, Claudia Penna, Paola Berchialla, Silvia De Francia, Enrico Bracco, Silvia Racca
Nandrolone decanoate (ND), an anabolic-androgenic steroid prohibited in collegiate and professional sports, is associated with detrimental cardiovascular effects through redox-dependent mechanisms. We previously observed that high-dose short-term ND administration (15 mg/kg for 2 weeks) did not induce left heart ventricular hypertrophy and, paradoxically, improved postischemic response, whereas chronic ND treatment (5 mg/kg twice a week for 10 weeks) significantly reduced the cardioprotective effect of postconditioning, with an increase in infarct size and a decrease in cardiac performance...
October 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Daniel Broman, Osman Hassan Ahmed, Philippe M Tscholl, Richard Weiler
BACKGROUND: Individuals with an impairment comprise more than 15% of the world's population, many of whom can benefit greatly from participation in sport. The provision of medical services in disability sport is a challenging area with a lack of scientific evidence. Given the positive impact that sport can have on the people with an impairment, it is vital that measures are taken to better understand the medical issues posed by disability sport. It is well established that medications and supplements are overused in sport, particularly within professional football, but there is no current evidence on medication or supplement use in elite disability football...
March 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Christina Tsitsimpikou, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Demetrios A Spandidos, Aristides M Tsatsakis
Stanozolol is a synthetic heterocyclic steroid with anabolic and androgenic properties, which has been abused by several high-profile professional athletes. Stanozolol is also used in veterinary medicine to increase appetite, cause weight gain and treat certain types of anemia. The detection of stanozolol metabolites in human urine for doping control purposes depends on the analytical method applied. The most commonly applied methods in the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-accredited doping control laboratories are gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC/HRMS) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS)...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
Eugenio Alladio, Roberto Caruso, Enrico Gerace, Eleonora Amante, Alberto Salomone, Marco Vincenti
The Technical Document TD2014EAAS was drafted by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) in order to fight the spread of endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids (EAAS) misuse in several sport disciplines. In particular, adoption of the so-called Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) - Steroidal Module allowed control laboratories to identify anomalous EAAS concentrations within the athletes' physiological urinary steroidal profile. Gas chromatography (GC) combined with mass spectrometry (MS), indicated by WADA as an appropriate technique to detect urinary EAAS, was utilized in the present study to develop and fully-validate an analytical method for the determination of all EAAS markers specified in TD2014EAAS, plus two further markers hypothetically useful to reveal microbial degradation of the sample...
May 30, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Alvaro Mailhos, Abraham P Buunk, Denise Del Arca, Verónica Tutte
Anatomical, cognitive and behavioral sex differences are widely recognized in many species. It has been proposed that some of these differences might result from the organizing effects of prenatal sex steroids. In humans, males usually exhibit higher levels of physical aggression and prowess. In this study, we analyze the relationship between second-to-fourth digit (2D:4D) ratios-a proxy for prenatal androgen levels-and foul play and sporting performance in a sample of junior soccer players from a professional Uruguayan soccer club...
September 2016: Aggressive Behavior
Toby O Smith, Benjamin T Drew, Toby H Meek, Allan B Clark
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a painful musculoskeletal condition, which is characterised by knee pain located in the anterior aspect (front) and retropatellar region (behind) of the knee joint. Various non-operative interventions are suggested for the treatment of this condition. Knee orthoses (knee braces, sleeves, straps or bandages) are worn over the knee and are thought to help reduce knee pain. They can be used in isolation or in addition to other treatments such as exercise or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications...
December 8, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
B Sonnery-Cottet, M Alessio-Mazzola, B F Luz, N C Barbosa, S Tuteja, C Kajetanek, A Dellal, M Thaunat
Anterior leg pain is common in professional athletes and tibiofibular synostosis is reported to be a rare cause of anterior compartment pain or ankle pain related to sports activities. The management and appropriate treatment of this condition in professional athletes is controversial and the literature on the topic is sparse. Distal synostosis is usually related to ankle sprain and syndesmotic ligament injury, and proximal synostosis has been linked to leg length discrepancy and exostosis. Mid-shaft synostosis is even less common than proximal and distal forms...
February 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Azadeh Nasseri, Amir Nadimi, Saeed D Nikookheslat
BACKGROUND: Anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), synthetic compounds of testosterone commonly used as sport performance enhancers, could cause cardiovascular dysfunction and cell damage. Even though the side effects of AAS intake have been widely studied, yet little is known about how resistance exercise can alter these side effects. This study aimed to determine the effects of one session resistance exercise and the use of AAS on hemodynamic characteristics and muscle damage markers in professional bodybuilders...
September 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Philippe M Tscholl, Martin Vaso, Alexis Weber, Jiri Dvorak
The use of medication in international football has been monitored since the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Team physicians were asked to provide information on prescribed medication 72 h prior to each match for every player. 69% of adult male players reported using medication, with more than half the players using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Up to one-third of all players used NSAIDs prior to every match, regardless of whether they took the field or not. The mean intake of medication was significantly higher during the FIFA Women's World Cup (0...
May 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
D Thieme, A Büttner
Doping -the abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids in particular- is widespread in amateur and recreational sports and does not solely represent a problem of professional sports. Excessive overdose of anabolic steroids is well documented in bodybuilding or powerlifting leading to significant side effects. Cardiovascular damages are most relevant next to adverse endocrine effects.Clinical cases as well as forensic investigations of fatalities or steroid consumption in connection with trafficking of doping agents provide only anecdotal evidence of correlations between side effects and substance abuse...
May 2015: Herz
D Grasso, P Lanteri, C Di Bernardo, C Mauri, S Porcelli, A Colombini, V Zani, F G Bonomi, G Melegati, G Banfi, G Lombardi
Saliva represents a low stress, not-invasively collected matrix that allows steroid hormone monitoring in athletes by reflecting type, intensity and duration of exercise. Whole body cryotherapy (WBC) consists of short whole-body exposures to extremely cold air (-110° to -140°C) which, despite being initially used to treat inflammatory diseases, is currently acquiring increasing popularity in sports medicine. Cryostimulation practice is now widely accepted as an effective treatment to accelerate muscle recovery in rugby players...
April 2014: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Andreas Bieri, Matthias Kamber, Martin Sterchi, Primus E Mullis
BACKGROUND: Over the last years, various revelations demonstrated that the doping problem is far from being solved. These included the American cyclist Lance Armstrong's disclosure and subsequent conviction for doping abuse over a period of many years. Furthermore, these revelations underlined the importance of strong and independent national antidoping agencies (NADA). During the current revision process of the World Anti-Doping Programme (WADP), Antidoping Switzerland is campaigning for national anti-doping agencies to have the same rights, the same authority and the same degree of responsibility as international sports associations...
April 2014: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
J R Delanghe, T M Maenhout, M M Speeckaert, M L De Buyzere
The recent Armstrong case, where more than 250 negative doping tests are confronted with the athlete's confession of erythropoietin use, blood doping, steroid, and growth hormone abuse, illustrates the limitations of current laboratory tests in detecting doping in sport. Despite numerous doping controls and simultaneous indications of common doping abuse among professional athletes in the last two decades, the number of positive urine tests for recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) remains remarkably low...
January 2014: Acta Clinica Belgica
Thomas W Kaminski, Jay Hertel, Ned Amendola, Carrie L Docherty, Michael G Dolan, J Ty Hopkins, Eric Nussbaum, Wendy Poppy, Doug Richie
OBJECTIVE: To present recommendations for athletic trainers and other allied health care professionals in the conservative management and prevention of ankle sprains in athletes. BACKGROUND: Because ankle sprains are a common and often disabling injury in athletes, athletic trainers and other sports health care professionals must be able to implement the most current and evidence-supported treatment strategies to ensure safe and rapid return to play. Equally important is initiating preventive measures to mitigate both first-time sprains and the chance of reinjury...
July 2013: Journal of Athletic Training
Dennis S Meredith, Kristofer J Jones, Ronnie Barnes, Scott A Rodeo, Frank P Cammisa, Russell F Warren
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence exists to guide clinical decision making regarding cervical disc herniations in professional athletes playing for the National Football League (NFL) in the United States. PURPOSE: To describe the presentation and treatment outcomes of cervical disc herniations in NFL athletes with a focus on safety and return to sport. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: The records of a single NFL team and its consulting physicians were reviewed from 2000 to 2011...
September 2013: American Journal of Sports Medicine
A S Lindqvist, T Moberg, B O Eriksson, C Ehrnborg, T Rosén, C Fahlke
BACKGROUND: The knowledge concerning the long-term effect of former anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS)-use on mental health is sparse. AIM: This study aims to investigate whether previous AAS-use affects mental health, present sociodemographic data, sport activity and substance abuse in a retrospective 30-year follow-up study of former elite athletes. METHODS: Swedish male-elite power sport athletes (n=683) on the top 10 national ranking lists during any of the years 1960-1979 in wrestling, Olympic lifting, powerlifting and the throwing events in track and field answered a questionnaire...
October 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Fabio Gosetti, Eleonora Mazzucco, Maria Carla Gennaro, Emilio Marengo
The use of doping agents, once restricted to professional athletes, has nowadays become a problem of public health, since it also concerns young people and non-competing amateurs in different sports. The use is also diffused in social life for improving physical appearance and enhancing performance and even dietary supplements assumed to improve performance often contain anabolic steroids. While decades ago the so-called "classical doping agents" (like stimulants and narcotics) were used, to-day anabolic steroids are more widely diffused...
May 15, 2013: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
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