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substance use in pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352501/predictors-of-beef-calf-temperament-at-weaning-and-its-impact-on-temperament-at-breeding-and-reproductive-performance
#1
V R Kasimanickam, R L Abdel Aziz, H M Williams, R K Kasimanickam
Two experiments were conducted to determine (i) factors influencing calf temperament at weaning, (ii) association between heifer-calf temperament at weaning and temperament at breeding and (iii) effect of heifer-calf temperament on pregnancy rate per artificial insemination (P/AI). In experiment 1, beef cows and their calves (n = 285) from three farms were used. Sire docility estimated progeny difference (EPD) score, birth type (normal or assisted), calf gender, calf behaviour (during 1st 4 weeks) and calf health status (until weaning) were recorded...
January 19, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337399/impact-of-pregnancy-on-psychoactive-substance-use-among-women-with-substance-use-disorders-recruited-in-addiction-specialized-care-centers-in-france
#2
Liselotte Pochard, Julie Dupouy, Elisabeth Frauger, Adeline Giocanti, Joëlle Micallef, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
Pregnancy can be a motivation for decrease in drug abusing but may also represent a period of high vulnerability for relapse.We aimed to assess psychoactive substance use among women with substance use disorders followed in addiction care centers in France. We analyzed data from women aged 15-44 years included in the 'Observation of illegal drugs and misuse of psychotropic medication survey' (OPPIDUM), an annualcross-sectional survey collecting details on psychoactive substances used. Characteristics of women included in 2005 to 2012 yearly surveys were compared depending on their pregnant or not pregnant status...
January 16, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298520/moms-supporting-moms-digital-storytelling-with-peer-mentors-in-recovery-from-substance-use
#3
Mary T Paterno, Alice Fiddian-Green, Aline Gubrium
Substance use disorder (SUD) is a growing issue nationally, and SUD in pregnancy has significant consequences for mothers and their children. This article describes findings from a pilot project that used digital storytelling as a mechanism for understanding substance use and recovery from the perspective of women in recovery from SUD in pregnancy who worked as peer mentors with pregnant women currently experiencing SUD. Research on peer mentorship has primarily focused on outcomes for mentees but not the experience of the peer mentors themselves...
January 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288654/race-and-ethnicity-may-not-be-associated-with-risk-of-unintended-pregnancy
#4
Shakkaura Kemet, Lisbet S Lundsberg, Aileen M Gariepy
OBJECTIVES: To use improved measures and methodology to investigate whether race and ethnicity are associated with unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of English- or Spanish-speaking women, aged 16-44, with pregnancies<24weeks' gestation recruited from pregnancy testing and abortion care sites in New Haven, CT, between June 2014 and June 2015. Participants completed self-assessments of race, ethnicity, and multi-dimensional measures of pregnancy "context," including timing, intention, wantedness, desirability, happiness, and planning (measured with the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy)...
December 27, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286931/newborn-drug-testing-practices-in-iowa-birthing-hospitals
#5
K E Wood, P Smith, M D Krasowski
OBJECTIVES: Federal law mandates states to have policies and procedures to identify newborns exposed to maternal substance use during pregnancy. National guidelines for newborn drug testing are lacking; therefore, procedures are variable and determined by state law and local practices. In Iowa, maternal substance use during pregnancy is considered child abuse and must be reported.The objective of this study was to identify newborn drug testing policies and procedures among birthing hospitals in Iowa...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285947/eslicarbazepine-acetate-in-epilepsies-with-focal-and-secondary-generalised-seizures-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#6
Laurent M Willems, Johann Philipp Zöllner, Esther Paule, Susanne Schubert-Bast, Felix Rosenow, Adam Strzelczyk
Eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) is a third-generation antiepileptic drug (AED) approved for adjunctive treatment in adults, children, and adolescents with focal-onset seizures. Recently ESL was approved for initial monotherapy in adults. The intention of this article is to review current evidence for ESL and to summarise its pharmacological profile in comparison to other AEDs of the dibenzazepine group. Areas covered: We performed a systematic literature search in electronic databases (MEDLINE database, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Excerpta Medica dataBASE) using a combined search strategy including the following keywords: eslicarbazepine, epilepsy and seizure...
December 29, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248085/recommendations-on-arresting-global-health-challenges-facing-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The health challenges faced by young people are more complex than adults and can compromise their full growth and development. Attention must be paid to the health of this age group, yet adolescents and youth remain largely invisible and often disappear from the major global datasets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to discuss the global health challenges faced by adolescents and youth, global legislations and guidelines pertaining to this particular age group, recommendations to arrest these challenges, and research priorities...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247636/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-screening-and-brief-interventions-for-substance-misuse-in-reproductive-health
#8
Steve Martino, Steven J Ondersma, Ariadna Forray, Todd A Olmstead, Kathryn Gilstad-Hayden, Heather B Howell, Trace Kershaw, Kimberly A Yonkers
BACKGROUND: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment may reduce substance misuse but has received minimal study among women treated in reproductive health settings. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment delivered either electronically or by clinician is more effective than enhanced usual care in decreasing days of primary substance use. STUDY DESIGN: Women from two reproductive centers who smoked cigarettes or misused alcohol, illicit drugs, or prescription medication were randomly allocated to Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment delivered electronically or by clinician or to enhanced usual care...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241079/prenatal-and-childhood-perfluoroalkyl-substances-exposures-and-children-s-reading-skills-at-ages-5-and-8years
#9
Hongmei Zhang, Kimberly Yolton, Glenys M Webster, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M Calafat, Kim N Dietrich, Yingying Xu, Changchun Xie, Joseph M Braun, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen
BACKGROUND: Exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) may impact children's neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of prenatal and early childhood serum PFAS concentrations with children's reading skills at ages 5 and 8years. METHODS: We used data from 167 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy (2003-2006) in Cincinnati, OH, quantified prenatal serum PFAS concentrations at 16±3weeks of gestation and childhood sera at ages 3 and 8years...
December 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238228/prenatal-exposure-to-antipsychotic-medication-and-use-of-primary-health-care-system-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#10
Anne Mette Lund Würtz, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Dorte Rytter, Merete Juul Sørensen, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
Background: Antipsychotic (AP) medication is increasingly used for many health conditions. Prenatal exposure to AP medication has been associated with several adverse outcomes, but the findings remain inconsistent. Purpose: We aimed to investigate prenatal exposure to AP medication and the use of primary health care system in childhood. Subjects and methods: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 were identified in the nationwide Danish National Patient Register and followed until December 31, 2013 (n = 963,010)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230355/relationships-between-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-us-pregnant-women
#11
Karthik W Rohatgi, Rachel A Tinius, W Todd Cade, Euridice Martínez Steele, Alison G Cahill, Diana C Parra
Background: An increasingly large share of diet comes from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), which are assemblages of food substances designed to create durable, convenient and palatable ready-to-eat products. There is increasing evidence that high UPF consumption is indicative of poor diet and is associated with obesity and metabolic disorders. This study sought to examine the relationship between percent of energy intake from ultra-processed foods (PEI-UPF) during pregnancy and maternal gestational weight gain, maternal lipids and glycemia, and neonatal body composition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226017/buprenorphine-for-medication-assisted-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnancy-relationship-to-neonatal-opioid-withdrawal-syndrome
#12
Niraj R Chavan, Kristin B Ashford, Amanda T Wiggins, Michelle R Lofwall, Agatha S Critchfield
Objective  To examine the relationship between antepartum buprenorphine dose for medication-assisted treatment (MAT) of opioid use disorder (OUD) and incident neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS). Study Design  We performed a prospective cohort study of pregnant women with a singleton gestation diagnosed with OUD and receiving buprenorphine for MAT at a tertiary care academic institution from July 2015 to January 2017. We divided the study cohort into two groups-pregnancies with versus without NOWS...
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220610/predictors-of-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-among-women-attending-midwife-obstetric-units-in-the-cape-metropole-south-africa
#13
Petal Petersen-Williams, Catherine Mathews, Esmé Jordaan, Charles D H Parry
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the nature and extent of substance use among pregnant women in Cape Town (South Africa) despite the very high levels of substance use and related consequences such as FASD in this part of the country. The aim of the study was to determine predictors of alcohol use among pregnant women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending 11 Midwife Obstetric Units (MOUs) in greater Cape Town. A two-stage cluster survey design was used...
December 8, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204725/-sex-will-make-your-fingers-grow-thin-and-then-you-die-the-interplay-of-culture-myths-and-taboos-on-african-immigrant-mothers-perceptions-of-reproductive-health-education-with-their-daughters-aged-10-14-years
#14
Kafuli Agbemenu, Margaret Hannan, Julius Kitutu, Martha Ann Terry, Willa Doswell
This paper examines the convergence of culture, myths, and taboos surrounding reproductive health issues African immigrant women, living in the United States, learned during childhood in their countries of origin. We also discuss how mothers' perceptions of reproductive health education (RHE) influenced the education of their own daughters aged 10-14 years. This was a qualitative descriptive study. Data were collected via interviews and demographic survey. The sample size was 20 African immigrant mothers living in a mid-sized city in the U...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200475/pregnancy-outcomes-in-maternal-neuropsychiatric-illness-and-substance-abuse
#15
Severine Bartel, Serban Dan Costa, Siegfried Kropf, Anke Redlich, Anke Rissmann
Introduction: Worldwide the prevalence of neuropsychiatric illness among women of reproductive age is higher than ever before. This study investigates the influences of maternal substance abuse/dependence and neuropsychiatric illness on pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. Patients and Methods: Using a retrospective study design 185 pregnancies in women with neuropsychiatric illnesses or substance abuse were identified at a single centre over a period of 3.25 years and compared to 4907 pregnancies in healthy women without mental illness...
November 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197115/effect-of-hazardous-alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-on-growth-outcomes-at-birth-findings-from-a-south-african-cohort-study
#16
Bronwyn Myers, Nastassja Koen, Kirsten A Donald, Raymond T Nhapi, Lesley Workman, Whitney Barnett, Nadia Hoffman, Sheri Koopowitz, Heather J Zar, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Cohort studies have noted associations between hazardous alcohol use during pregnancy and infant growth outcomes, but many have not controlled for potential psychosocial confounders. To assess the unique contribution of hazardous alcohol use, we examined its effect on infant growth outcomes while controlling for maternal psychosocial stressors and hazardous tobacco and drug use in a cohort of 986 pregnant South African women enrolled into the Drakenstein Child Health Study between 2012 and 2015...
December 2, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180549/family-physicians-perceived-prevalence-safety-and-screening-for-cigarettes-marijuana-and-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-use-during-pregnancy
#17
Thomas F Northrup, Michelle R Klawans, Yolanda R Villarreal, Adi Abramovici, Melissa A Suter, Joan M Mastrobattista, Carlos A Moreno, Kjersti M Aagaard, Angela L Stotts
OBJECTIVE: Assess perceptions of prevalence, safety, and screening practices for cigarettes and secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe), marijuana (and synthetic marijuana), electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; eg, e-cigarettes), nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT), and smoking-cessation medications during pregnancy, among primary care physicians (PCPs) providing obstetric care. METHODS: A web-based, cross-sectional survey was e-mailed to 3750 US physicians (belonging to organizations within the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177614/the-quality-of-information-on-the-internet-relating-to-top-selling-dietary-supplements-in-the-czech-republic
#18
L Baudischova, J Straznicka, J Pokladnikova, L Jahodar
Background The purchase of dietary supplements (DS) via the Internet is increasing worldwide as well as in the Czech Republic. Objective The aim of the study is to evaluate the quality of information on DS available on the Internet. Setting Czech websites related to dietary supplements. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out involving the analysis of information placed on the websites related to the 100 top-selling DS in the Czech Republic in 2014, according to IMS Health data. Main outcome measure The following criteria were evaluated: contact for the manufacturer, recommended dosage, information on active substances as well as overall composition, permitted health claims, % of the daily reference intake value (DRIV) for vitamins and minerals, link for online counseling, pregnancy/breastfeeding, allergy information, contraindications, adverse reactions, and supplement-drug interactions (some criteria were evaluated from both points of view)...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166482/abortion-and-sex-related-conditions-in-substance-dependent-brazilian-patients
#19
Alessandra Diehl, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Ronaldo Laranjeira
Abortion is a very sensitive issue with relevance to public health; however few clinical or population-based studies have examined induced abortion among drug users. The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of induced abortion and sex-related conditions in an inpatient drug user sample. A cross-sectional design study was conducted in an inpatient addiction treatment unit in São Paulo, Brazil, with a sample of 616 patients, aged 18-75. Sociodemographic data, sexual behavior, and dependence severity were evaluated in relation to induced abortion...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162530/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-contraceptive-use-among-adolescents-with-opioid-use-disorder
#20
Caitlin J Handy, Hannah L H Lange, Brittny E Manos, Elise D Berlan, Andrea E Bonny
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe contraceptive use among female adolescents initiating outpatient treatment for opioid use disorder. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatient clinic providing medication-assisted treatment for substance use disorders to adolescents and young adults. PARTICIPANTS: Non-pregnant female adolescents presenting for treatment from January 1, 2013 to January 31, 2016 (N=123). INTERVENTION: None...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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