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ultrasound thickness cesarean

Juliana Hocevar Kristoschek, Renato Augusto Moreira de Sá, Fernanda Campos da Silva, Guillermo Coca Vellarde
Purpose Our aim was to describe the changes observed by ultrasonography in uterine dimensions during the early puerperium among women who experienced an uncomplicated puerperium. Additionally, the influence of parity, mode of delivery, breastfeeding and birth weight on uterine involution was evaluated. Methods Ninety-one patients underwent an ultrasound examination on days 1 (D1), 2 (D2) and 7 (D7) of the postpartum period. The longitudinal, anteroposterior and transverse uterine diameters were measured, and the uterine volume was calculated by the formula: longitudinal diameter (LD) X anteroposterior diameter (APD) X transverse diameter (TD) X 0...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Chantale Vachon-Marceau, Suzanne Demers, Emmanuel Bujold, Stephanie Roberge, Robert J Gauthier, Jean-Charles Pasquier, Mario Girard, Nils Chaillet, Michel Boulvain, Nicole Jastrow
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is a potential life-threatening complication during a trial of labor after cesarean delivery. Single-layer closure of the uterus at cesarean delivery has been associated with an increased risk of uterine rupture compared with double-layer closure. Lower uterine segment thickness measurement by ultrasound has been used to evaluate the quality of the uterine scar after cesarean delivery and is associated with the risk of uterine rupture. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of previous uterine closure on lower uterine segment thickness...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Michal Pomorski, Tomasz Fuchs, Anna Rosner-Tenerowicz, Mariusz Zimmer
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the clinical outcomes of surgical repair of uterine cesarean scar defects with sonography (US). METHODS: Seven nonpregnant women with history of cesarean section and a large uterine scar defect were enrolled. The surgical repair was performed by minilaparotomy. The US assessment of the uterine scar was performed using a standardized approach at baseline, then at a first visit 2-3 days following the surgical intervention (V1) and at a follow-up visit 3 months later (V2)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Min Yao, Wenjing Wang, Jieru Zhou, Minghua Sun, Jialiang Zhu, Pin Chen, Xipeng Wang
AIM: This study was conducted to determine a more accurate imaging method for the diagnosis of cesarean scar diverticulum (CSD) and to identify the parameters of CSD strongly associated with prolonged menstrual bleeding. METHODS: We enrolled 282 women with a history of cesarean section (CS) who presented with prolonged menstrual bleeding between January 2012 and May 2015. Transvaginal ultrasound, general magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and contrast-enhanced MRI were used to diagnose CSD...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Andrea Kaelin Agten, Giuseppe Cali, Ana Monteagudo, Johana Oviedo, Joanne Ramos, Ilan Timor-Tritsch
BACKGROUND: The term cesarean scar pregnancy refers to placental implantation within the scar of a previous cesarean delivery. The rising numbers of cesarean deliveries in the last decades have led to an increased incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy. Complications of cesarean scar pregnancy include morbidly adherent placenta, uterine rupture, severe hemorrhage, and preterm labor. It is suspected that cesarean scar pregnancies that are implanted within a dehiscent scar ("niche") behave differently compared with those implanted on top of a well-healed scar...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Gabriele Saccone, Rebekah McCurdy, Emmanuel Bujold, Giuseppe Bifulco, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence suggests that the surgical technique for uterine closure influences uterine scar healing, but there is still no consensus about optimal uterine closure during cesarean delivery (CD). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effect of single- versus double-layer closure on the risk of uterine scar defect. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus,, the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception of each database until May 2016...
January 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Xingchen Zhou, Min Yao, Jieru Zhou, Weilin Tan, Husheng Wang, Xipeng Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical parameter associated with cesarean section diverticula anatomic healing via vaginal repair management. METHODS: Observational cohort study. From Jul 2014 to Dec 2015, 143 women with CSD underwent vaginal repair surgery in Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, and 137(95.80%) were diagnosed using both transvaginal ultrasound and MRI. A total of 124 patients (86.71%) who were followed-up for more than 6 months after surgery were enrolled in this study...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Kristina Bolten, Thomas Fischer, Yvonne Yi-Na Bender, Gerd Diederichs, Anke Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate the uterine scar after Cesarean section (CS) as well as the corresponding uterine region after vaginal delivery (VD) at 6 weeks using transabdominal (TAUS) and transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/US image fusion to investigate whether image fusion allows standardized and reproducible localization of the scar and uterine wall thickness measurement compared with high-resolution MRI. METHODS: Six weeks after delivery, plain pelvic MRI (was performed in 30 women (10 each after planned Cesarean section (PCS), emergency Cesarean section (ECS), and VD)...
November 2, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sevan A Vahanian, Anthony M Vintzileos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Placental implantation abnormalities (PIAs) comprise a large group of disorders associated with significant maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors include prior uterine surgery/myometrial scarring and the presence of placenta previa with or without prior cesarean delivery. Newly identified risk factors include previous prelabor cesarean delivery and previous postpartum hemorrhage. PIAs contribute substantially to preterm birth with prematurity rates ranging from 38 to 82%...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
C Bamberg, J W Dudenhausen, V Bujak, E Rodekamp, M Brauer, L Hinkson, K Kalache, W Henrich
Purpose: We undertook a randomized clinical trial to examine the outcome of a single vs. a double layer uterine closure using ultrasound to assess uterine scar thickness. Materials and Methods: Participating women were allocated to one of three uterotomy suture techniques: continuous single layer unlocked suturing, continuous locked single layer suturing, or double layer suturing. Transvaginal ultrasound of uterine scar thickness was performed 6 weeks and 6 - 24 months after Cesarean delivery. Sonographers were blinded to the closure technique...
September 14, 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Q F Hu, C D Li, S W Chen, J Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of different surgical methods in the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy, the decline trend of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and the indications of different treatment methods. METHODS: This study was a prospective cohort study. The clinical data of 120 patients with cesarean scar pregnancy who were treated with four different surgical methods in the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from June 2013 to December 2014 were collected...
August 2, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
A Baranov, K Å Salvesen, O Vikhareva
OBJECTIVE: To compare the appearance and measurement of Cesarean hysterotomy scars in non-pregnant women and in a subsequent pregnancy at 11-14 weeks. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study we included women aged 18-35 years with one previous Cesarean delivery (CD) performed at ≥37 gestational weeks. Women were examined with saline contrast sonohysterography 6-9 months after CD. A scar defect was defined as large if the scar thickness (ST) was ≤2.5 mm. Women were followed up and those who became pregnant were examined with transvaginal ultrasound at 11-14 weeks...
July 15, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Jieru Zhou, Min Yao, Husheng Wang, Weilin Tan, Pin Chen, Xipeng Wang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Owing to the increase in cesarean sections (C-sections) worldwide, long-term complications such as postmenstrual spotting, chronic pelvic pain, and C-section scar ectopic pregnancies have created a new medical era of gynecologic disease. A new type of vaginal repair is evaluated to repair C-section diverticulum (CSD) and rebuild the muscular layer to improve symptoms of abnormal uterine bleeding and decrease the risk of uterine rupture. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2)...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Nicole Jastrow, Suzanne Demers, Nils Chaillet, Mario Girard, Robert J Gauthier, Jean-Charles Pasquier, Belkacem Abdous, Chantale Vachon-Marceau, Sylvie Marcoux, Olivier Irion, Normand Brassard, Michel Boulvain, Emmanuel Bujold
BACKGROUND: Choice of delivery route after previous cesarean delivery can be difficult because both trial of labor after cesarean delivery and elective repeat cesarean delivery are associated with risks. The major risk that is associated with trial of labor after cesarean delivery is uterine rupture that requires emergency laparotomy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to estimate the occurrence of uterine rupture during trial of labor after cesarean delivery when lower uterine segment thickness measurement is included in the decision-making process about the route of delivery...
November 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
J Glavind, L D Madsen, N Uldbjerg, M Dueholm
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intra- and inter-observer agreement in measurements of the cesarean scar niche and the residual myometrial thickness (RMT) using 3-dimensional (3D) transvaginal ultrasonography. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-eight uterine 3D volumes from women with deep cesarean scar niches were evaluated. 3D volumes were obtained six to fifteen months after a primary cesarean section. Evaluation of the 3D volume was performed in a standardized multiplanar view. Two observers independently obtained RMT, cesarean scar niche depth (D), length (L), width (W), and myometrium adjacent to the scar (M)...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Misao Fukuda, Kiyomi Fukuda, Takashi Shimizu, Emmanuel Bujold
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the normal ranges of lower uterine segment (LUS) thickness throughout pregnancy in women without a previous cesarean and to evaluate the relationship between ultrasound and intraoperative LUS thickness. METHODS: We assessed LUS thickness using transabdominal and transperineal longitudinal scan at each week of gestation, during labour, and in the postpartum period in 1000 pregnant women without previous CS. Secondly, we assessed LUS thickness immediately before CS (using ultrasound) and intraoperatively (using ophthalmic calipers) immediately before delivery of the fetus in 35 women with a previous CS and 29 women without previous CS undergoing elective CS before labour...
February 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Bulent Urman, Tonguc Arslan, Sertan Aksu, Cagatay Taskiran
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic repair of a large cesarean scar defect (isthmocele). DESIGN: Case report (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Cesarean scar defect, also known as an isthmocele, is the result of incomplete healing of the isthmic myometrium after a low transverse uterine incision performed for cesarean section. Although mostly asymptomatic, it may cause menstrual abnormalities (typically postmenstrual spotting), chronic pelvic pain, and secondary infertility...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Joana Goulão Barros, Inês Reis, Isabel Pereira, Nuno Clode, Luís M Graça
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of fetal weight prediction by ultrasonography labor employing a formula including the linear measurements of femur length (FL) and mid-thigh soft-tissue thickness (STT). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study involving singleton uncomplicated term pregnancies within 48 hours of delivery. Only pregnancies with a cephalic fetus admitted in the labor ward for elective cesarean section, induction of labor or spontaneous labor were included...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Zhiyi Liang, Jiying Su, Hua Yang
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to investigate the predictors of successful dilatation and curettage (D&C) in treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: Retrospective analysis was conducted in 84 CSP patients undergoing D&C from January 2013 to December 2014. Failure was defined as D&C followed by transcatheter uterine arterial embolization due to uncontrolled hemorrhage. Sub-stratification of success group as residue group or non-residue group was performed according to the residues at the site of cesarean scar after D&C...
October 6, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Suqing Liu, Jing Sun, Bin Cai, Xiaowei Xi, Liu Yang, Yunyan Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential risk factors associated with failed ultrasound-guided dilation and curettage (D&C) treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-one patients diagnosed with CSP and treated with ultrasound-guided D&C at Shanghai General Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. INTERVENTION: Lesion resection using ultrasound-guided D&C...
July 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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