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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365042/racial-disparities-in-the-impact-of-chronic-pruritus-a-cross-sectional-study-on-quality-of-life-and-resource-utilization-in-united-states-veterans
#1
Fiona M Shaw, Kevin Man Hin Luk, Kuang-Ho Chen, Glenda Wrenn, Suephy C Chen
BACKGROUND: Chronic pruritus has a lifetime prevalence of up to 26% in the worldwide population. Research has shown that the incidence and quality of life (QoL) impact of chronic pruritus varies by race. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore the effects of race on specific pruritus-related QoL factors and resource utilization. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional, national telephone survey of 6000 US Veterans randomly sampled from the Veterans Hospital Patient Database...
March 29, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358979/pelvimetry-for-fetal-cephalic-presentations-at-or-near-term-for-deciding-on-mode-of-delivery
#2
REVIEW
Robert C Pattinson, Anna Cuthbert, Valerie Vannevel
BACKGROUND: Pelvimetry assesses the size of a woman's pelvis aiming to predict whether she will be able to give birth vaginally or not. This can be done by clinical examination, or by conventional X-rays, computerised tomography (CT) scanning, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of pelvimetry (performed antenatally or intrapartum) on the method of birth, on perinatal mortality and morbidity, and on maternal morbidity. This review concentrates exclusively on women whose fetuses have a cephalic presentation...
March 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323886/contribution-of-urinary-tract-infection-to-the-burden-of-febrile-illnesses-in-young-children-in-rural-kenya
#3
Wechuli Geoffrey Masika, Wendy Prudhomme O'Meara, Thomas L Holland, Janice Armstrong
INTRODUCTION: The clinical features of UTI in young children may not localize to the urinary tract and closely resemble other febrile illnesses. In malaria endemic areas, a child presenting with fever is often treated presumptively for malaria without investigation for UTI. Delayed or inadequate treatment of UTI increases the risk of bacteremia and renal scarring in young children and subsequently complications as hypertension and end stage renal disease in adulthood. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a hospital in western Kenya...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220987/brain-tissue-reaction-to-deep-brain-stimulation-a-longitudinal-study-of-dbs-in-the-goettingen-minipig
#4
Dariusz Orlowski, Alexandre Michalis, Andreas N Glud, Anders R Korshøj, Lise M Fitting, Trine W Mikkelsen, André Mercanzini, Alain Jordan, Alain Dransart, Jens C H Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: The use of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in treatment of various brain disorders is constantly growing; however, the number of studies of the reaction of the brain tissue toward implanted leads is still limited. Therefore, the aim of our study was to analyze the impact of DBS leads on brain tissue in a large animal model using minipigs. METHODS: Twelve female animals, one control and eleven with bilaterally implanted DBS electrodes were used in our experiment...
February 21, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174640/treatment-and-repair-of-uterine-scar-dehiscence-during-cesarean-section
#5
Masaaki Sawada, Shinya Matsuzaki, Ruriko Nakae, Tadashi Iwamiya, Aiko Kakigano, Keiichi Kumasawa, Yutaka Ueda, Masayuki Endo, Tadashi Kimura
The incidence of cesarean section (c-section) has increased worldwide. Because the major risk factor for uterine scar dehiscence (USD) is a previous c-section, the rate of this complication has also increased. Its clinical significance and management strategies are unclear. Here, we discuss USD particularly pertaining to its surgical treatment.
February 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167179/effect-of-myofascial-induction-therapy-on-post-c-section-scars-more-than-one-and-a-half-years-old-pilot-study
#6
Antonio Chamorro Comesaña, Ma Del Pilar Suárez Vicente, Tirso Docampo Ferreira, Ma Del Mar Pérez-La Fuente Varela, Ma Magdalena Porto Quintáns, Andrzej Pilat
Myofascial Induction Therapy (MIT) is a manually-applied method used in physiotherapy and focused on restoring altered fascial tissue. In a healthy body, the fascial system maintains elasticity and coordination of movements. However, injuries and their after-effects, such as scars, may reduce this tissue role, causing a dysfunction. The aim of this study is to ascertain the effect of MIT on scars which have completed the repair process in healthy individuals without any associated pathology that might affect the healing process...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153584/assessing-blood-flow-microvasculature-erythema-and-redness-in-hypertrophic-scars-a-cross-sectional-study-showing-different-features-that-require-precise-definitions
#7
M E H Jaspers, C M Stekelenburg, J M Simons, K M Brouwer, M Vlig, E van den Kerckhove, E Middelkoop, P P M van Zuijlen
BACKGROUND: In hypertrophic scar assessment, laser Doppler imaging (LDI), colorimetry and subjective assessment (POSAS) can be used to evaluate blood flow, erythema and redness, respectively. In addition, the microvasculature (i.e. presence of microvessels) can be determined by immunohistochemistry. These measurement techniques are frequently used in clinical practice and/or in research to evaluate treatment response and monitor scar development. However, until now it has not been tested to what extent the outcomes of these techniques are associated, whilst the outcome terms are frequently used interchangeably or replaced by the umbrella term 'vascularization'...
January 30, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095550/the-diagnostic-role-of-optical-coherence-tomography-oct-in-measuring-the-depth-of-burn-and-traumatic-scars-for-more-accurate-laser-dosimetry-pilot-study
#8
Jill S Waibel, Ashley C Rudnick, Adam J Wulkan, Jon D Holmes
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, a number of optimal diagnostic technologies have emerged to assist in tissue visualization. Real-time monitoring of skin during laser therapies will help optimize laser parameters for more ef cient therapies. One of these technologies, optimal coherence tomography (OCT), may be used to help visualize burn and traumatic scars. When lasing severe scars, lasers have tunable pulse energies, which are made proportional to the scar thickness as estimated by palpation and the physician eye...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882763/effect-of-systemic-enzymotherapy-on%C3%A2-cesarean-section-scar-healing
#9
E Dosedla, A Grendelova, P Calda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to monitor changes in the healing of Caesarean section scars in patients using systemic enzymotherapy in comparison with patients not treated with systemic enzymotherapy (Wobenzym). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 60 primiparous women delivered by CS. We compared the following outcomes: scar thickness after the Caesarean section, dehiscence risk coefficient (DRC), severity of the Caesarean section scar defect, uterine cavity dilation, post-operative pain, C-reactive protein level and febrility...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862066/fractional-co2-laser-treatment-of-caesarean-section-scars-a-randomized-controlled-split-scar-trial-with-long-term-follow-up-assessment
#10
Katrine E Karmisholt, Elisabeth H Taudorf, Camilla B Wulff, Emily Wenande, Peter A Philipsen, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caesarean section (c-section) scars can be pose functional and cosmetic challenges and ablative fractional laser (AFXL) treatment may offer benefit to patients. We evaluated textural and color changes over time in AFXL-treated versus untreated control scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, intra-individual split-scar trial with three sessions of AFXL-treatments for mature c-section scars. Settings of AFXL were adjusted to each individual scar...
November 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814873/chronic-caesarian-section-scar-pain-treated-with-fascial-scar-release-techniques-a-case-series
#11
Jennifer B Wasserman, Jessica L Steele-Thornborrow, Jeremy S Yuen, Melissa Halkiotis, Elizabeth M Riggins
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of two subjects with chronically painful Caesarian section (C-section) scars following an intervention of specific myofascial scar release techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. BACKGROUND: Over 1.3 million C-sections are performed annually in the US. Anywhere from 7 to 18% of those will develop chronic scar pain. Although anecdotal evidence supporting the use of fascial release in reducing surgical scar pain exists, almost no research has been published...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765430/-obstetrical-prognosis-of-patients-after-a-previous-caesarean-section-performed-before-32-weeks-of-amenorrhea
#12
C Baeza, N Mottet, C Coppola, M Desmarets, R Ramanah, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVE: To assess delivery mode, maternal morbidity including uterine rupture and scar dehiscence and neonatal outcome, during a pregnancy after a previous caesarean delivery before 32 weeks of amenorrhea. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at the Besançon University Hospital during an 8-year period. We identified 292 consecutive patients presenting a singleton pregnancy delivery before 32 weeks of amenorrhea. We analysed the next pregnancy...
November 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741341/vitamin-and-mineral-deficiencies-in-patients-with-telogen-effluvium-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#13
Evelyn J Cheung, Jacquelyn R Sink, Joseph C English Iii
Telogen effluvium is one of the most common forms of non-scarring alopecia for which patients present to a dermatologist. It is a challenging disorder to treat and study, primarily owing to its multifactorial etiology which includes both physiologic and non-physiologic factors. Nutritional deficiency has been purported to contribute to hair shedding, and a patient's clinical history usually aids in directing laboratory evaluation. Many prior studies have either supported or failed to find a correlation between telogen effluvium and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals, in particular, vitamin D, ferritin, vitamin B12, folate, and zinc...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740904/electrocardiographic-impact-of-myocardial-diffuse-fibrosis-and-scar-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#14
Yuko Y Inoue, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Nathan Mewton, Gustavo J Volpe, Yoshiaki Ohyama, Ravi K Sharma, Colin O Wu, Chia-Ying Liu, David A Bluemke, Elsayed Z Soliman, João A C Lima, Hiroshi Ashikaga
Purpose To examine the associations of myocardial diffuse fibrosis and scar with surface electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters in individuals free of prior coronary heart disease in four different ethnicities. Materials and Methods This prospective cross-sectional study was approved by the institutional review boards, and all participants gave informed consent. A total of 1669 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, or MESA, who were free of prior myocardial infarction underwent both ECG and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging...
March 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692519/-inter-observer-variability-of-decision-concerning-the-route-of-delivery-in-case-of-one-previous-cesarean-section-and-abnormal-pelvic-measures
#15
M Bourdon, P F Ceccaldi, G Girard, M Koskas, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVES: To study inter-observer variability of decision concerning the route of delivery using pelvimetry in case of one previous cesarean section and abnormal pelvic measures. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Observational study conducted in 2014 in 4 university maternity units among 36 obstetricians. Two groups of obstetricians - as they practiced in a center where pelvimetry was routinely performed (n=12) or not (n=24) - had to choose a route of delivery for 10 clinical cases of women with a single uterine scar and a tight pelvis...
November 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678638/laparoscopic-resection-of-cesarean-section-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-and-isthmocele-repair
#16
C J Steller, K J Sasaki, C E Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647551/ep25-11-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-a-caesarean-section-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#17
E V Cunha Filho, C Henz, L Burmann, S W Bona, J P Soares, M B Marques
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608511/thermal-territories-of-the-abdomen-after-caesarean-section-birth-infrared-thermography-and-analysis
#18
C Childs, M R Siraj, F J Fair, A N Selvan, H Soltani, J Wilmott, T Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop and refine qualitative mapping and quantitative analysis techniques to define 'thermal territories' of the post-partum abdomen, the caesarean section site and the infected surgical wound. In addition, to explore women's perspectives on thermal imaging and acceptability as a method for infection screening. METHOD: Prospective feasibility study undertaken at a large University teaching hospital, Sheffield UK. Infrared thermal imaging of the abdomen was undertaken at the bedside on the first two days after elective caesarean section...
September 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605395/evaluation-of-the-in-vivo-effects-of-various-laser-light-or-ultrasound-modalities-on-human-skin-treated-with-a-collagen-and-polymethylmethacrylate-microsphere-dermal-filler-product
#19
Douglas C Wu, Jwala Karnik, Tara Margarella, Vivien L Nguyen, Antoanella Calame, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Bellafill® is a soft tissue dermal filler composed of non-resorbable polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microspheres, suspended in a water-based carrier gel composed of 3.5% bovine collagen. It has been approved by the FDA for the correction of nasolabial folds and atrophic facial acne scars. Energy-based therapies are used for facial rejuvenation and treatment of acne scarring. However, little has been published about the effects of energy devices on previously placed PMMA. This prospective, in vivo clinical study evaluated the safety and histopathological effects of a number of different laser, light, and ultrasound treatment modalities on PMMA-collagen filler previously injected into human tissue...
September 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582382/recognizing-the-tenascin-x-deficient-type-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study-in-17-patients
#20
S Demirdas, E Dulfer, L Robert, M Kempers, D van Beek, D Micha, B G van Engelen, B Hamel, J Schalkwijk, B Loeys, A Maugeri, N C Voermans
The tenascin-X (TNX) deficient type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is similar to the classical type of EDS. Because of the limited awareness among geneticists and the challenge of the molecular analysis of the TNXB gene, the TNX-deficient type EDS is probably to be under diagnosed. We therefore performed an observational, cross-sectional study. History and physical examination were performed. Results of serum TNX measurements were collected and mutation analysis was performed by a combination of next-generation sequencing (NGS), Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA)...
March 2017: Clinical Genetics
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