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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882763/effect-of-systemic-enzymotherapy-on%C3%A2-cesarean-section-scar-healing
#1
E Dosedla, A Grendelova, P Calda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to monitor changes in the healing of Caesarean section scars in patients using systemic enzymotherapy in comparison with patients not treated with systemic enzymotherapy (Wobenzym). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 60 primiparous women delivered by CS. We compared the following outcomes: scar thickness after the Caesarean section, dehiscence risk coefficient (DRC), severity of the Caesarean section scar defect, uterine cavity dilation, post-operative pain, C-reactive protein level and febrility...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862066/fractional-co2-laser-treatment-of-caesarean-section-scars-a-randomized-controlled-split-scar-trial-with-long-term-follow-up-assessment
#2
Katrine E Karmisholt, Elisabeth H Taudorf, Camilla B Wulff, Emily Wenande, Peter A Philipsen, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caesarean section (c-section) scars can be pose functional and cosmetic challenges and ablative fractional laser (AFXL) treatment may offer benefit to patients. We evaluated textural and color changes over time in AFXL-treated versus untreated control scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, controlled, intra-individual split-scar trial with three sessions of AFXL-treatments for mature c-section scars. Settings of AFXL were adjusted to each individual scar...
November 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814873/chronic-caesarian-section-scar-pain-treated-with-fascial-scar-release-techniques-a-case-series
#3
Jennifer B Wasserman, Jessica L Steele-Thornborrow, Jeremy S Yuen, Melissa Halkiotis, Elizabeth M Riggins
OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of two subjects with chronically painful Caesarian section (C-section) scars following an intervention of specific myofascial scar release techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. BACKGROUND: Over 1.3 million C-sections are performed annually in the US. Anywhere from 7 to 18% of those will develop chronic scar pain. Although anecdotal evidence supporting the use of fascial release in reducing surgical scar pain exists, almost no research has been published...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765430/-obstetrical-prognosis-of-patients-after-a-previous-caesarean-section-performed-before-32-weeks-of-amenorrhea
#4
C Baeza, N Mottet, C Coppola, M Desmarets, R Ramanah, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVE: To assess delivery mode, maternal morbidity including uterine rupture and scar dehiscence and neonatal outcome, during a pregnancy after a previous caesarean delivery before 32 weeks of amenorrhea. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at the Besançon University Hospital during an 8-year period. We identified 292 consecutive patients presenting a singleton pregnancy delivery before 32 weeks of amenorrhea. We analysed the next pregnancy...
October 17, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741341/vitamin-and-mineral-deficiencies-in-patients-with-telogen-effluvium-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#5
Evelyn J Cheung, Jacquelyn R Sink, Joseph C English Iii
Telogen effluvium is one of the most common forms of non-scarring alopecia for which patients present to a dermatologist. It is a challenging disorder to treat and study, primarily owing to its multifactorial etiology which includes both physiologic and non-physiologic factors. Nutritional deficiency has been purported to contribute to hair shedding, and a patient's clinical history usually aids in directing laboratory evaluation. Many prior studies have either supported or failed to find a correlation between telogen effluvium and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals, in particular, vitamin D, ferritin, vitamin B12, folate, and zinc...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740904/electrocardiographic-impact-of-myocardial-diffuse-fibrosis-and-scar-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#6
Yuko Y Inoue, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Nathan Mewton, Gustavo J Volpe, Yoshiaki Ohyama, Ravi K Sharma, Colin O Wu, Chia-Ying Liu, David A Bluemke, Elsayed Z Soliman, João A C Lima, Hiroshi Ashikaga
Purpose To examine the associations of myocardial diffuse fibrosis and scar with surface electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters in individuals free of prior coronary heart disease in four different ethnicities. Materials and Methods This prospective cross-sectional study was approved by the institutional review boards, and all participants gave informed consent. A total of 1669 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, or MESA, who were free of prior myocardial infarction underwent both ECG and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging...
October 13, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692519/-inter-observer-variability-of-decision-concerning-the-route-of-delivery-in-case-of-one-previous-cesarean-section-and-abnormal-pelvic-measures
#7
M Bourdon, P F Ceccaldi, G Girard, M Koskas, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVES: To study inter-observer variability of decision concerning the route of delivery using pelvimetry in case of one previous cesarean section and abnormal pelvic measures. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Observational study conducted in 2014 in 4 university maternity units among 36 obstetricians. Two groups of obstetricians - as they practiced in a center where pelvimetry was routinely performed (n=12) or not (n=24) - had to choose a route of delivery for 10 clinical cases of women with a single uterine scar and a tight pelvis...
September 28, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678638/laparoscopic-resection-of-cesarean-section-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-and-isthmocele-repair
#8
C J Steller, K J Sasaki, C E Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647551/ep25-11-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-a-caesarean-section-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#9
E V Cunha Filho, C Henz, L Burmann, S W Bona, J P Soares, M B Marques
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608511/thermal-territories-of-the-abdomen-after-caesarean-section-birth-infrared-thermography-and-analysis
#10
C Childs, M R Siraj, F J Fair, A N Selvan, H Soltani, J Wilmott, T Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop and refine qualitative mapping and quantitative analysis techniques to define 'thermal territories' of the post-partum abdomen, the caesarean section site and the infected surgical wound. In addition, to explore women's perspectives on thermal imaging and acceptability as a method for infection screening. METHOD: Prospective feasibility study undertaken at a large University teaching hospital, Sheffield UK. Infrared thermal imaging of the abdomen was undertaken at the bedside on the first two days after elective caesarean section...
September 2016: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605395/evaluation-of-the-in-vivo-effects-of-various-laser-light-or-ultrasound-modalities-on-human-skin-treated-with-a-collagen-and-polymethylmethacrylate-microsphere-dermal-filler-product
#11
Douglas C Wu, Jwala Karnik, Tara Margarella, Vivien L Nguyen, Antoanella Calame, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Bellafill® is a soft tissue dermal filler composed of non-resorbable polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) microspheres, suspended in a water-based carrier gel composed of 3.5% bovine collagen. It has been approved by the FDA for the correction of nasolabial folds and atrophic facial acne scars. Energy-based therapies are used for facial rejuvenation and treatment of acne scarring. However, little has been published about the effects of energy devices on previously placed PMMA. This prospective, in vivo clinical study evaluated the safety and histopathological effects of a number of different laser, light, and ultrasound treatment modalities on PMMA-collagen filler previously injected into human tissue...
September 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582382/recognizing-the-tenascin-x-deficient-type-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study-in-17-patients
#12
S Demirdas, E Dulfer, L Robert, M Kempers, D van Beek, D Micha, B G van Engelen, B Hamel, J Schalkwijk, B Loeys, A Maugeri, N C Voermans
The tenascin-X (TNX) deficient type Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is similar to the classical type of EDS. Because of the limited awareness among geneticists and the challenge of the molecular analysis of the TNXB gene, the TNX-deficient type EDS is probably to be under diagnosed. We therefore performed an observational, cross-sectional study. History and physical examination were performed. Results of serum TNX measurements were collected and mutation analysis was performed by a combination of next-generation sequencing (NGS), Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA)...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561936/-multi-centric-clinical-study-of-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-section
#13
L Yu, C H Su, X Y Wang, J J Gong, P Chen, H M Du, Q H Quan, L L Li, D J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and safety of trial of labor after cesarean section (TOLAC). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of five medical center of Guangdong province from January 2011 to December 2015 hospitalized delivery information, compare the same scar TOLAC (research group) with the scar pregnancy (control group) pregnancy outcomes, to study the feasibility and safety of TOLAC. RESULTS: (1) During 2011-2015, total delivery 95 600 cases in five medical center, 13 824 cases of thme with uterine scar pregnancy, including 12 027 cases elective repeat cesarean section and 1 797 cases (13...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538108/assessment-of-the-combined-efficacy-of-needling-and-the-use-of-silicone-gel-in-the-treatment-of-c-section-and-other-surgical-hypertrophic-scars-and-keloids
#14
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Claudio Marasca, Sadia Ammad, Benedetta Brazzini, Rosanna Izzo, Marianna Donnarumma, Giuseppe Monfrecola
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual effectiveness of needling therapy using the Dermapen (Dermapen, Salt Lake City, Utah) and topical therapy with silicone gel (Kelo-cote, Sinclair Pharma, London, England), and their combined effectiveness for the treatment of linear surgical scars, hypertrophic scars, and keloids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients were randomly selected and equally divided into 2 groups (A and B), with each group of 10 including 6 patients with keloids and 4 with hypertrophic scars...
September 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435497/recovery-from-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury-a-comparison-between-young-and-aged-rats
#15
John T Kim, Benjamin M Kasukonis, Lemuel A Brown, Tyrone A Washington, Jeffrey C Wolchok
Termed volumetric muscle loss (VML), the bulk loss of skeletal muscle tissue either through trauma or surgery overwhelms the capacity for repair, leading to the formation of non-contractile scar tissue. The myogenic potential, along with other factors that influence wound repair are known to decline with age. In order to develop effective treatment strategies for VML injuries that are effective across a broad range of patient populations, it is necessary to understand how the response to VML injury is affected by aging...
October 2016: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430235/optimizing-amniotic-membrane-tissue-banking-protocols-for-ophthalmic-use
#16
D Hettiarachchi, V H W Dissanayake, H W W Goonasekera
Amniotic membrane (AM) due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-scarring and anti-angiogenic properties is used as corneal and wound grafts. When developing AM tissue banks, cell viability, membrane morphology and genomic stability should be preserved following cryopreservation. To analyze the changes rendered to the AM during the process of cryopreservation by comparing different combinations of standard cryopreservation media; fetal bovine serum (FBS), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), Dulbecco's modified eagle's medium (DMEM) and glycerol at -80 °C and at -196 °C for a period of 6 weeks and at 4 °C in 70 % alcohol for 6 weeks...
September 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391932/upper-and-lower-conjunctival-fornix-depth-in-healthy-white-caucasian-eyes-a-method-of-objective-assessment
#17
G Jutley, D Carpenter, S Hau, D Booth, H A Jasim, E Tay, C Daniel, V Saw
PurposeEvaluating anti-scarring therapies require objective assessment of scarring, and knowledge of normal fornix anatomy. Measurement of conjunctival scarring has focused on inferior fornix shortening, although the superior fornix is often overlooked. There are data on normal fornix depth (FD) in South Asians, but there are no studies investigating normal conjunctival FD in white Caucasians. We designed a fornix depth measurer (FDM) for objective measurement of upper and lower conjunctival FD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate intra- and inter-observer variability, and to establish a reference for normal conjunctival FD in an ethnically white Caucasian population...
July 8, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377288/increased-epidermal-thickness-and-abnormal-epidermal-differentiation-in-keloid-scars
#18
G C Limandjaja, L J van den Broek, T Waaijman, H A van Veen, V Everts, S Monstrey, R J Scheper, F B Niessen, S Gibbs
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis underlying keloid formation is still poorly understood. Research has mostly focused on dermal abnormalities, while the epidermis has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVES: to identify differences within the epidermis of mature keloid scars as compared to normal skin, mature normotrophic and hypertrophic scars. METHODS: Rete ridge formation and epidermal thickness were evaluated in tissue sections. Epidermal proliferation was assessed using immunohistochemistry (Ki67, keratins 6/16/17) and with an in vitro proliferation assay...
July 5, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346299/vaginal-repair-of-cesarean-section-scar-diverticula-that-resulted-in-improved-postoperative-menstruation
#19
Jieru Zhou, Min Yao, Husheng Wang, Weilin Tan, Pin Chen, Xipeng Wang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Owing to the increase in cesarean sections (C-sections) worldwide, long-term complications such as postmenstrual spotting, chronic pelvic pain, and C-section scar ectopic pregnancies have created a new medical era of gynecologic disease. A new type of vaginal repair is evaluated to repair C-section diverticulum (CSD) and rebuild the muscular layer to improve symptoms of abnormal uterine bleeding and decrease the risk of uterine rupture. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2)...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251430/monitoring-the-appositions-of-posterior-graft-host-junctions-with-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomogram-after-penetrating-keratoplasty
#20
Anuradha Raj, Renu Dhasmana, Harsh Bahadur, R C Nagpal
This study aimed to monitor the graft-host junction's (GHJ's) apposition with anterior segment optical coherence tomogram after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and correlate the analysis with the preoperative diagnosis. Fifty-one eyes of 50 patients with various preoperative diagnosis of adherent leucoma, pseudophakic bullous keratopathy, corneal opacity or scarring, graft failure, corneal dystrophy and anterior staphyloma, who underwent PK for optical purposes were reviewed retrospectively. Based on the age, the patients were divided into groups 1 and II: those aged ≤40 and >40 years, respectively...
June 1, 2016: International Ophthalmology
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