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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318040/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-a-tinea-capitis-outbreak-among-novice-buddhist-monks
#1
Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Charussri Leeyaphan, Chuda Rujitharanawong, Chanai Muanprasat, Lalita Matthapan
Sixty novice Buddhist monks with tinea capitis confirmed according to clinical presentation and mycological laboratory finding were included in this study. Mixed-type clinical presentation was observed in approximately half of all cases, together with scarring alopecia (95%) and superficial fungal skin infection at locations other than the scalp (43.3%). The major isolated organism was Trichophyton violaceum, and mixed-organism infection was found in 27 cases (45%). Slow-onset presentation and an extensive area of infection were significantly associated with mixed-type clinical presentation...
March 20, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281154/using-surplus-embryos-and-research-embryos-in-stem-cell-research-ethical-viewpoints-of-buddhist-hindu-and-catholic-leaders-in-malaysia-on-the-permissibility-of-research
#2
Mathana Amaris Fiona Sivaraman
The sources of embryos for Embryonic Stem Cell Research (ESCR) include surplus embryos from infertility treatments, and research embryos which are created solely for an ESCR purpose. The latter raises more ethical concerns. In a multi-religious country like Malaysia, ethical discussions on the permissibility of ESCR with regard to the use surplus and research embryos are diversified. Malaysia has formulated guidelines influenced by the national fatwa ruling which allows the use of surplus embryos in ESCR. Input from other main religions is yet to be documented...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247808/mindfulness-part-2-how-to-reduce-stress
#3
Mandy Day-Calder
Practising mindfulness cannot stop challenging things happening in your life, but it can help you to control your response. Buddhists use an analogy of two arrows to explain this: the first arrow is the actual event which, though difficult or painful, is often outside your control. For example, starting your shift and finding out you are short-staffed yet again. The second arrow is your reaction, which might be to get angry, stressed or grumpy.
March 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241983/unraveling-the-metabolic-health-benefits-of-fasting-related-to-religious-beliefs-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Angeliki Persynaki, Spyridon Karras, Claude Pichard
Periodic fasting, under a religious aspect, has been adopted by humans for centuries as a crucial pathway of spiritual purification. Caloric restriction, with or without exclusion of certain types of food, is often a key component. Fasting varies significantly among different populations according to cultural habits and local climate conditions. Religious fasting in terms of patterns (continuous versus intermittent) and duration can vary from 1 to 200 d; thus, the positive and negative impact on health can be considerable...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140679/examining-the-factor-structure-of-the-self-compassion-scale-in-four-distinct-populations-is-the-use-of-a-total-scale-score-justified
#5
Kristin D Neff, Tiffany A Whittaker, Anke Karl
This study examined the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) using a bifactor model, a higher order model, a 6-factor correlated model, a 2-factor correlated model, and a 1-factor model in 4 distinct populations: college undergraduates (N = 222), community adults (N = 1,394), individuals practicing Buddhist meditation (N = 215), and a clinical sample of individuals with a history of recurrent depression (N = 390). The 6-factor correlated model demonstrated the best fit across samples, whereas the 1- and 2-factor models had poor fit...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125543/the-moderating-effect-of-religion-on-the-relationship-between-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-the-elderly
#6
JaeHoon Jung, Daeyoung Roh, Yoo Sun Moon, Do Hoon Kim
This article aimed to compare the level of suicidal ideation in the religiously affiliated and nonaffiliated groups and identify the moderating effect of religion variables on the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation. The sample in this study was 1180 residents who were older than 60 years and who resided in Gangwon Province, South Korea. We studied the cross-sectional relationships among religions and studied variables including organizational religious activity (ORA), non-ORA (NORA), intrinsic religiosity (IR), depression, well-being, and suicidal ideation...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104001/-the-image-of-the-ancient-indian-pharmacists-in-the-chinese-buddhist-scriptures
#7
D W Wang, Y X Gao
In the Chinese Buddhist Scriptures, there are many stories or topics about the ancient Indian pharmacist, however, they are not the Medicine Buddha as people knows, but real doctors. In the Chinese Buddhist Scriptures, the doctors gave the medical service to the monks and the laymen. Some of them are respected as the "miracle doctor" or the "king of doctor" , influencing the medicine of ancient East Asian.
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103984/-textual-research-on-han-chinese-formulae-collected-in-tubo-medical-manuscript-unearthed-in-bum-pa-che-tower
#8
Y H Liu, H C Nong
A Tibetan manuscript with title of Sman-dpyad gces-pa grub-pa kun-'dus-pa in the Collection of Practiced Medical Quintessence, was found in the basement of a Buddhist tower named 'Bum-pa-che in Lhokha (Shannan), Tibet. It contains a purgative recipe of TCM with its title "Powder of Han Region" and several ingredients in Chinese transliteration. Based upon the rule of medieval Chinese system of pronunciation with reference of related texts and studies, a textual research identifies it as a kind of Maren (seed of Cannabis sativa L...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093758/from-freudian-narcissism-to-the-buddhist-notion-of-anatman-via-jung-s-idea-of-identity
#9
François Martin-Vallas
Starting from the question the youthful Carl Gustav pondered as he sat on 'his' stone - 'Am I he who sits on the stone, or am I the stone on which he sits?' - the author has attempted to show that, for Jung, the idea of identity is founded on a wilful non-determination. This stance results in ethical and methodological repercussions that differentiate it both from the Freudian project and from Hindu and Buddhist thought, while at the same time having much in common with them. The paper refers to the notions of emergence and (Varela et al...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093753/a-lemma-science-of-mind-the-potential-of-the-kegon-flower-ornament-sutra
#10
Shin'ichi Nakazawa
The paper argues for a new perspective on the relationship between Buddhism and European psychology, or sciences of the mind, based in the Kegon Sutra, a text that emerged in the early stages of Mahayana Buddhism (3(rd) - 5(th) century CE). The basis of European science is logos intellection, formalized by Aristotle as following three laws: the law of identity, the law of contradiction and the law of the excluded middle. Logic in the Buddhist tradition, by contrast, is based in lemma (meaning to understand as a whole not with language, but with intuition)...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#11
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066018/free-your-mind-mindfulness-practice-of-buddhist-philosophy
#12
Sravanti Sanivarapu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995442/religion-alcohol-use-and-risk-drinking-among-canadian-adults-living-in-ontario
#13
Andrew Tuck, Margaret Robinson, Branka Agic, Anca R Ialomiteanu, Robert E Mann
This research examines (1) the association between risk drinking and religious affiliation and (2) differences between religions for risk drinking among adults living in Ontario, Canada, for Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, Muslims, Hindus, Jews, other religious groups and the non-religious. Data are based on telephone interviews with 16,596 respondents and are derived from multiple cycles (2005-2011) of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's (CAMH) Monitor survey, an ongoing cross-sectional survey of adults in Ontario, Canada, aged 18 years and older...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973210/self-care-behavior-and-medication-use-of-buddhist-monks-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-phasi-charoen-bangkok
#14
J Yensabai, P Torthear, V Neamsripetch, A Karndee, T Pongmesa, P Luckanajantachote
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943040/knowledge-and-health-belief-attitudes-of-oral-cancer-and-its-screening-among-at-risk-southern-thai-muslims
#15
Srisuk Khwankong, Hutcha Sriplung, Duangporn Kerdpon
Oral cancer is one of the leading cancers in Thailand; southern Thai Muslims seem to have a longer delay in attending treatment for oral cancer than Buddhists in the same area. Visual screenings of high-risk populations have been suggested to be an effective prevention method. This study assessed oral cancer knowledge and belief attitudes influencing oral cancer screening in Thai Muslim high-risk groups. Twelve semi-structured in-depth interviews and the focus group discussion were conducted based on the health belief model...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935803/spatiotemporal-mapping-of-cervical-cancer-incidence-highlights-need-for-targeted-prevention-in-songkhla-province-thailand
#16
Jun Zhao, Shama Virani, Hutcha Sriplung
BACKGROUND: The national cervical cancer screening program in Thailand has been successful in reducing overall burden from this disease. However, evaluation on spatial and temporal scales is needed to assess the efficacy of this program in smaller regions. Here, we geographically assess incidence in a province with a uniquely heterogeneous distribution of lifestyle factors associated with religiosity. METHODS: Cervical cancer cases were extracted from the provincial cancer registry from 1989 to 2013...
October 25, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909466/illusory-temporal-binding-in-meditators
#17
Peter Lush, Jim Parkinson, Zoltan Dienes
We investigate conditions in which more accurate metacognition may lead to greater susceptibility to illusion and thus conditions under which mindfulness meditation may lead to less accurate perceptions. Specifically, greater awareness of intentions may lead to an illusory compression of time between a voluntary action and its outcome ("intentional binding"). Here, we report that experienced Buddhist mindfulness meditators rather than non-meditators display a greater illusory shift of the timing of an outcome toward an intentional action...
2016: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#18
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702643/electroencephalographic-correlates-of-states-of-concentrative-meditation
#19
Dylan DeLosAngeles, Graham Williams, John Burston, Sean P Fitzgibbon, Trent W Lewis, Tyler S Grummett, C Richard Clark, Kenneth J Pope, John O Willoughby
Meditative techniques aim for and meditators report states of mental alertness and focus, concurrent with physical and emotional calm. We aimed to determine the electroencephalographic (EEG) correlates of five states of Buddhist concentrative meditation, particularly addressing a correlation with meditative level. We studied 12 meditators and 12 pair-matched meditation-naïve participants using high-resolution scalp-recorded EEG. To maximise reduction of EMG, data were pre-processed using independent component analysis and surface Laplacian transformed data...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619550/ethnic-racial-religious-and-demographic-predictors-of-organ-donor-registration-status-among-young-adults-in-the-southwestern-united-states
#20
Tamar Ginossar, Julian Benavidez, Zachary D Gillooly, Aarti Kanwal Attreya, Hieu Nguyen, Joshua Bentley
CONTEXT AND SETTING: New Mexico (NM) is a minority-majority state. Despite its unique cultural characteristics and documented ethnic/racial disparities in deceased organ donation (DOD), past studies did not explore predictors of organ donor registration status (ODRS) in this state. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying demographic, cultural, and religious predictors of ODRS among a diverse sample of young adults in NM. DESIGN: This study focused on recruitment of American Indian, Hispanic, and Asian American participants through online social network sites and university listservs...
September 12, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
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