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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771221/hey-wait-i-just-thought-of-something-else-advaita-and-clinical-hypnosis
#1
Jon K Amundson, Marc W Ross, Debra Campbell
While much has been made of the value of Buddhist mindfulness in clinical treatment, little attention has been given over to its parallels, if not antecedents in Hindu philosophy. Buddhist traditions in the vipassana, ch'an and zen tradition, and the practices associated, find their roots in Advaita philosophy and practice. This article looks at the useful/effective nature of Advaita and its specific application in clinical hypnosis. The linkage between traditional wisdom sources, psychological investigations of the self and contemporary hypnosis is articulated in the article which follows, and a case example, regarding clinical application, is provided...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709036/insectivorous-bat-reproduction-and-human-cave-visitation-in-cambodia-a-perfect-conservation-storm
#2
Thona Lim, Julien Cappelle, Thavry Hoem, Neil Furey
Cave roosting bats represent an important component of Southeast Asian bat diversity and are vulnerable to human disturbance during critical reproductive periods (pregnancy, lactation and weaning). Because dramatic growth of cave tourism in recent decades has raised concerns about impacts on cave bats in the region, we assessed the reproductive phenology of two insectivorous species (Hipposideros larvatus sensu lato and Taphozous melanopogon) at three caves in Cambodia for 23 months in 2014-2016 and evaluated human visitation to these sites between 2007 and 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705829/psychological-resources-personality-traits-and-buddhism-a-study-of-italian-young-adults
#3
Marco Giannini, Yura Loscalzo, Daniela Beraldi, Alessio Gori
We aimed to examine whether young adults practicing Buddhism have elevated levels of psychological resources and specific personality traits compared to Catholics and Atheists. We recruited 184 participants: Soka Gakkai Buddhists (n = 60); non-practicing Roman Catholic Church believers (n = 62); Atheists (n = 62). We found that the Buddhists have higher optimism than both Catholics and Atheists. They also have higher self-efficacy and self-esteem than Catholics and higher perceived social support than Atheists...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687562/self-care-management-of-thai-buddhists-and-muslims-with-type-2-diabetes-after-an-empowerment-education-program
#4
Pranee C Lundberg, Supunnee Thrakul
The aim of the present study was to explore self-care management of Thai Buddhists and Muslims with type 2 diabetes and inadequate blood glucose levels, after they had been subjected to a 6-month diabetes empowerment education program. Twenty-seven participants (male and female) were selected through purposive convenience sampling for an explorative qualitative study. Semistructured focus group interviews with four open-ended questions were used to study the participants' self-care behavior at the beginning and the end of the program, and the data obtained were subjected to content analysis...
April 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684800/ethnic-disparity-in-breast-cancer-survival-in-southern-thai-women
#5
Shama Virani, Elizabeth C Wetzel, Suphawat Laohawiriyakamol, Pleumjit Boonyaphiphat, Alan Geater, Celina G Kleer, Judy Pang, Katie M Rentschler, Justin A Colacino, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Laura S Rozek, Hutcha Sriplung
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has the highest incidence in women of all cancers and its burden is expected to continue to increase worldwide, especially in middle-income countries such as Thailand. The southern region of Thailand is unique in that it is comprised of 30% Muslims, whereas the rest of Thailand is 95% Buddhist. Breast cancer incidence and survival differ between these religious groups, but the association between clinical subtype of breast cancer and survival has not yet been assessed...
April 20, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671625/the-selfishness-questionnaire-egocentric-adaptive-and-pathological-forms-of-selfishness
#6
Adrian Raine, Stepheni Uh
Despite its importance in society, there is virtually no standardized research on the personality trait of selfishness, in part due to the absence of an assessment instrument. The central aim of this study was to develop a brief (2-3 min) self-report personality measure of selfishness with three main subtypes: egocentric, adaptive, and pathological. Questionnaires were administered to an undergraduate sample, with replicability and generalizability tested on a community population. A confirmatory factor analysis supported the existence of the three hypothesized forms of selfishness...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602719/reincarnation-type-presentations-of-children-with-high-functioning-autism-in-sri-lanka
#7
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika
Autism is characterised by impaired social communication and restricted repetitive behaviours. However, language and intelligence are spared in high-functioning individuals. The symptomatology is complex and culturally diverse. Buddhists and Hindus believe in rebirth and reincarnation type presentations in children are frequently seen among these populations. Here we describe three children from Sri Lanka claiming memories of their past lives and later diagnosed to have high-functioning autism. The first, a seven-year-old Buddhist believes he was killed by terrorists as a soldier in his previous life and attributed his birthmark to be an injury which caused death...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553014/janet-gyatso-being-human-in-a-buddhist-world-an-intellectual-history-of-medicine-in-early-modern-tibet-new-york-columbia-university-press-2015-pp-544-%C3%A2-45-95-%C3%A2-24-95-hardback-paperback-ebook-isbn-978-0-231-16496-2-978-0-231-16497-9-978-0231-53832-9
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549240/vegetarian-diet-change-in-dietary-patterns-and-diabetes-risk-a-prospective-study
#9
Tina H T Chiu, Wen-Harn Pan, Ming-Nan Lin, Chin-Lon Lin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vegetarian diets are inversely associated with diabetes in Westerners but their impact on Asians-whose pathophysiology differ from Westerners-is unknown. We aim to investigate the association between a vegetarian diet, change in dietary patterns and diabetes risk in a Taiwanese Buddhist population. METHODS: We prospectively followed 2918 non-smoking, non-alcohol drinking Buddhists free of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases at baseline, for a median of 5 years, with 183 incident diabetes cases confirmed...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527127/buddhism-christianity-and-psychotherapy-a-three-way-conversation-in-the-mid-twentieth-century
#10
Christopher Harding
This article explores the scope of 'religion-psy dialogue' in the mid-twentieth century, via a case study from Japan: Kosawa Heisaku, a Buddhist psychoanalyst based in Tokyo. By putting this case study in brief comparative perspective, with the conversation that took place in 1965 between Paul Tillich and Carl Rogers, the article discusses both the promise and the pitfalls of the modern and contemporary world of 'religion-psy dialogue', alongside the means by which specialists in a variety of fields might investigate and hold it to account...
2018: European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422454/enhancing-lifestyle-change-in-cardiac-patients-through-the-do-change-system-do-cardiac-health-advanced-new-generation-ecosystem-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
Mirela Habibović, Eva Broers, Jordi Piera-Jimenez, Mart Wetzels, Idowu Ayoola, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven
BACKGROUND: Promoting a healthy lifestyle (eg, physical activity, healthy diet) is crucial for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiac disease in order to decrease disease burden and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The current trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the Do Cardiac Health: Advanced New Generation Ecosystem (Do CHANGE) service, which is developed to assist cardiac patients in adopting a healthy lifestyle and improving their quality of life. METHODS: Cardiac patients (ie, people who have been diagnosed with heart failure, coronary artery disease, and/or hypertension) will be recruited at three pilot sites (Badalona Serveis Assistencials, Badalona, Spain [N=75]; Buddhist Tzu Chi Dalin General Hospital, Dalin, Taiwan [N=100] and Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands [N=75])...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382309/sex-related-illness-perception-and-self-management-of-a-thai-type-2-diabetes-population-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-design
#12
Wimonrut Boonsatean, Anna Carlsson, Irena Dychawy Rosner, Margareta Östman
BACKGROUND: Increased knowledge concerning the differences in the illness perception and self-management among sexes is needed for planning proper support programs for patients with diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the illness perception and self-management among Thai women and Thai men with type 2 diabetes and to investigate the psychometric properties of the translated instruments used. METHODS: In a suburban province of Thailand, 220 women and men with type 2 diabetes participated in a cross-sectional descriptive study...
January 30, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359429/matriarchy-buddhism-and-food-security-in-sanephong-thailand
#13
Solot Sirisai, Sinee Chotiboriboon, Charana Sapsuwan, Praiwan Tantivatanasathien, Nuchjaree Setapun, Prangtong Duangnosan, Nattapach Thongkam, Sasiwimon Chuangyanyong
Sanephong is a matriarchal Karen community located in western Thailand. The community benefits greatly from the availability of local foods, such as cereals, tubers, wild vegetables, mushrooms, fruits, and animals. In the first phase of this project, 387 distinct local foods were identified, which were shown to be good sources of energy, protein, and vitamins. Despite the availability of a variety of nutritious local foods, the majority of households surveyed expressed concern over a decline in local foods due to changing socio-economic and environmental conditions...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356045/death-and-the-self
#14
Shaun Nichols, Nina Strohminger, Arun Rai, Jay Garfield
It is an old philosophical idea that if the future self is literally different from the current self, one should be less concerned with the death of the future self (Parfit, ). This paper examines the relation between attitudes about death and the self among Hindus, Westerners, and three Buddhist populations (Lay Tibetan, Lay Bhutanese, and monastic Tibetans). Compared with other groups, monastic Tibetans gave particularly strong denials of the continuity of self, across several measures. We predicted that the denial of self would be associated with a lower fear of death and greater generosity toward others...
January 22, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355004/-exploration-on-the-history-of-acupuncture-in-chinese-buddhist-canon
#15
Liangsong Li, Zhaogeng Lin
It is believed that acupuncture science of Buddhist medicine has a long history and great characteristics after the investigation, research and analysis on the historic literature of acupuncture in Chinese Buddhist Canon. The writers tried to give the statements from 4 aspects. 1. Science of acupuncture in the time of Buddha. Firstly, the Buddhist acupuncture was mentioned in the time of Buddha, including substantial acupuncture, finger acupuncture and mental acupuncture. The substantial acupuncture refers to metal needle, plant needle, stone needle, bone needle, etc...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344833/violence-against-women-in-cambodia-towards-a-culturally-responsive-theory-of-change
#16
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. This article brings together two seldom connected fields: Theory of Change (ToC) and cultural responsiveness in international development. It applies these approaches to a priority in global health, which is to prevent violence against women (VAW) and, drawing on my research on the epigenesis of VAW in Cambodia, develops an argument on the need for interventions to work with tradition and culture rather than only highlight it in problematic terms...
January 17, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#17
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
January 16, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315807/karma-or-immortality-can-religion-influence-space-time-mappings
#18
Heng Li, Yu Cao
People implicitly associate the "past" and "future" with "front" and "back" in their minds according to their cultural attitudes toward time. As the temporal focus hypothesis (TFH) proposes, future-oriented people tend to think about time according to the future-in-front mapping, whereas past-oriented people tend to think about time according to the past-in-front mapping (de la Fuente, Santiago, Román, Dumitrache, & Casasanto, 2014). Whereas previous studies have demonstrated that culture exerts an important influence on people's implicit spatializations of time, we focus specifically on religion, a prominent layer of culture, as potential additional influence on space-time mappings...
January 9, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307025/role-of-fungi-in-the-formation-of-patinas-on-feilaifeng-limestone-china
#19
Tianxiao Li, Yulan Hu, Bingjian Zhang, Xiaoru Yang
Feilaifeng is a cultural heritage site that contains unique Buddhist statues which date back to the Five Dynasties period (907 AD-960 AD). The site was inscribed on world heritage list by UNESCO in 2011. Various patinas, which may be caused by fungi, have covered the surface of the limestone and have severely diminished the esthetic value of the statues and altered the limestone structure. Culture-dependent method was used to isolate and identify the fungi. After incubation on modified B4 medium, the calcifying fungi were identified by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy combined with X-ray energy-dispersive analysis...
January 6, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282112/religious-leaders-perceptions-of-advance-care-planning-a-secondary-analysis-of-interviews-with-buddhist-christian-hindu-islamic-jewish-sikh-and-bah%C3%A3-%C3%A3-leaders
#20
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples
BACKGROUND: International guidance for advance care planning (ACP) supports the integration of spiritual and religious aspects of care within the planning process. Religious leaders' perspectives could improve how ACP programs respect patients' faith backgrounds. This study aimed to examine: (i) how religious leaders understand and consider ACP and its implications, including (ii) how religion affects followers' approaches to end-of-life care and ACP, and (iii) their implications for healthcare...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
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