keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

buddhist

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344833/violence-against-women-in-cambodia-towards-a-culturally-responsive-theory-of-change
#1
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. This article brings together two seldom connected fields: Theory of Change (ToC) and cultural responsiveness in international development. It applies these approaches to a priority in global health, which is to prevent violence against women (VAW) and, drawing on my research on the epigenesis of VAW in Cambodia, develops an argument on the need for interventions to work with tradition and culture rather than only highlight it in problematic terms...
January 17, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340954/the-cultural-epigenesis-of-gender-based-violence-in-cambodia-local-and-buddhist-perspectives
#2
Maurice Eisenbruch
Almost one in four women in Cambodia is a victim of physical, emotional or sexual violence. The study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the ways in which Cambodians see its causes and effects and to identify and analyse the cultural forces that underpin and shape its landscape. An ethnographic study was carried out with 102 perpetrators and survivors of emotional, physical and sexual violence against women and 228 key informants from the Buddhist and healing sectors. Their views and experiences of it were recorded-the popular idioms expressed and the symptoms of distress experienced by survivors and perpetrators...
January 16, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315807/karma-or-immortality-can-religion-influence-space-time-mappings
#3
Heng Li, Yu Cao
People implicitly associate the "past" and "future" with "front" and "back" in their minds according to their cultural attitudes toward time. As the temporal focus hypothesis (TFH) proposes, future-oriented people tend to think about time according to the future-in-front mapping, whereas past-oriented people tend to think about time according to the past-in-front mapping (de la Fuente, Santiago, Román, Dumitrache, & Casasanto, 2014). Whereas previous studies have demonstrated that culture exerts an important influence on people's implicit spatializations of time, we focus specifically on religion, a prominent layer of culture, as potential additional influence on space-time mappings...
January 9, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307025/role-of-fungi-in-the-formation-of-patinas-on-feilaifeng-limestone-china
#4
Tianxiao Li, Yulan Hu, Bingjian Zhang, Xiaoru Yang
Feilaifeng is a cultural heritage site that contains unique Buddhist statues which date back to the Five Dynasties period (907 AD-960 AD). The site was inscribed on world heritage list by UNESCO in 2011. Various patinas, which may be caused by fungi, have covered the surface of the limestone and have severely diminished the esthetic value of the statues and altered the limestone structure. Culture-dependent method was used to isolate and identify the fungi. After incubation on modified B4 medium, the calcifying fungi were identified by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy combined with X-ray energy-dispersive analysis...
January 6, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282112/religious-leaders-perceptions-of-advance-care-planning-a-secondary-analysis-of-interviews-with-buddhist-christian-hindu-islamic-jewish-sikh-and-bah%C3%A3-%C3%A3-leaders
#5
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples
BACKGROUND: International guidance for advance care planning (ACP) supports the integration of spiritual and religious aspects of care within the planning process. Religious leaders' perspectives could improve how ACP programs respect patients' faith backgrounds. This study aimed to examine: (i) how religious leaders understand and consider ACP and its implications, including (ii) how religion affects followers' approaches to end-of-life care and ACP, and (iii) their implications for healthcare...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219000/techniques-for-nothingness-debate-over-the-comparability-of-hypnosis-and-zen-in-early-twentieth-century-japan
#6
Yu-Chuan Wu
This paper explores a debate that took place in Japan in the early twentieth century over the comparability of hypnosis and Zen. The debate was among the first exchanges between psychology and Buddhism in Japan, and it cast doubt on previous assumptions that a clear boundary existed between the two fields. In the debate, we find that contemporaries readily incorporated ideas from psychology and Buddhism to reconstruct the experiences and concepts of hypnosis and Buddhist nothingness. The resulting new theories and techniques of nothingness were fruits of a fairly fluid boundary between the two fields...
December 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214830/religiosity-the-practices-of-religions-and-the-perception-of-older-people-among-muslims-and-buddhists-in-thailand
#7
Sumana Leelavanichkul, Aphichat Chamratrithirong, Aree Jampaklay, Rossarin Gray
We examined the effects of religiosity and the practices of religions among the Buddhists and Muslims aged 20 to 79 in Thailand on maintaining positive attitudes toward older people. Factor and multiple regression analyses are applied, using data from the 2011 National Survey on Conditions of Society and Culture. The measures of perception of older people are Social Value and Personal Value. Religiosity is measured by the self-assessment of religious strictness and one's own practices according to the religious principles...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173826/effect-of-an-intervention-based-on-basic-buddhist-principles-on-the-spiritual-well-being-of-patients-with-terminal-cancer
#8
Janya Chimluang, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Lanchasak Akkayagorn, Ratchaneekorn Upasen, Noppamat Pudtong, Wilailuck Tantitrakul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of an intervention based on basic Buddhist principles on the spiritual well-being of patients with terminal cancer. METHODS: This quasi-experimental research study had pre- and post-test control groups. The experimental group received conventional care and an intervention based on basic Buddhist principles for three consecutive days, including seven activities based on precept activities, concentration activities and wisdom activities...
December 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169665/mindfulness-and-craving-effects-and-mechanisms
#9
REVIEW
Katy Tapper
Mindfulness meditation has a long tradition of being used to manage cravings. This paper reviews 30 experimental studies that have examined the effects of different types of mindfulness practice on cravings for food, cigarettes and alcohol. The findings are interpreted in light of relevant theories of craving. The studies show most support for the elaborated intrusion theory of desire and conditioning models. They suggest that whilst mindfulness strategies may bring about immediate reductions in craving, such effects are likely to stem from working memory load, and will not necessarily be superior to alternative strategies that also load working memory...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081754/the-mindful-self-a-mindfulness-enlightened-self-view
#10
Qianguo Xiao, Caizhen Yue, Weijie He, Jia-Yuan Yu
This paper analyzes studies of mindfulness and the self, with the aim of deepening our understanding of the potential benefits of mindfulness and meditation for mental health and well-being. Our review of empirical research reveals that positive changes in attitudes toward the self and others as a result of mindfulness-enabled practices can play an important role in modulating many mental and physical health problems. Accordingly, we introduce a new concept-the "mindful self"-and compare it with related psychological constructs to describe the positive changes in self-attitude associated with mindfulness meditation practices or interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058160/equivalent-reduction-in-greenhouse-gas-emissions-by-mahayana-buddhists-practicing-vegetarian-diets
#11
Ampere A Tseng
The equivalent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) by Mahayana Buddhists with vegetarian diets is quantitatively evaluated. The Buddhists in seven Mahayana-dominated countries or regions, i.e., China, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, are studied. Assessments of the vegetarian population among these Mahayana-dominated countries or regions are performed. Correlation formulas based on data from a national survey are developed to quantify the GHGEs of various dietary groups by using the meat consumption as the only required input...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019456/introduction-paving-the-old-new-way-from-qing-to-china
#12
Ori Sela
The funeral procession of Sheng Xuanhuai (, 1844-1916) - the renowned Qing scholar-official, financier, and "father of Chinese industrialism" - meandered through the streets of Shanghai on 18 November 1917. The funeral was a grand event, one that was purportedly documented in film, later to be distributed as the first "news short-film" () in China. The North China Herald reported on the event in some detail, at times in rather florid language, and suggested that "the cortege was splendid and impressive, bringing back the days of the Manchu emperors...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019454/the-dance-of-old-and-new-in-chinese-print-culture-1860s-1955
#13
Cynthia Brokaw
Argument Scholars of modern Chinese publishing and book culture focus on the dramatic transformations that took place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: the new technologies that enabled "mass" printing and the development of "modern" genres of print. They often neglect the fact that xylography remained a working technology through much of the Republican period and even into the People's Republic of China. Here I examine the continued use of woodblock printing and the continuing popularity of "traditional" textual genres from two perspectives...
September 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986016/effects-of-intentionally-treated-water-on-growth-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-seeds-with-cryptochrome-mutations
#14
Yung-Jong Shiah, Hsu-Liang Hsieh, Huai-Ju Chen, Dean I Radin
OBJECTIVE: A previous experiment suggested that consumption of intentionally treated tea influenced subjective mood under double-blind, controlled conditions. To investigate that effect objectively, again under double-blind, controlled conditions, we studied whether Arabidopsis thaliana seeds hydrated with intentionally treated vs. untreated water would show differences in hypocotyl length, anthocyanin, and chlorophyll. DESIGN: Three Buddhist monks focused their intention on commercially bottled water with the goal of improving the growth of seeds; bottled water from the same source served as an untreated control...
August 30, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974911/two-phase-laparoendoscopic-single-site-cervical-ligament-sparing-hysterectomy-an-initial-experience
#15
Mun-Kun Hong, Tang-Yuan Chu, Jen-Huang Wang, Dah-Ching Ding
OBJECTIVE: To report our initial experience with and the short-term outcomes of two-phase laparoendoscopic single-site cervical ligament-sparing hysterectomy (LESS-CLSH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case study included 40 women who underwent LESS-CLSH from January 2014 to December 2016 at Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital. Uterine specimens were extracted through contained manual morcellation with a tissue pouch. The first phase was LESS supracervical hysterectomy and conization of the internal orifice of the cervix...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959225/enhancing-health-and-wellbeing-through-immersion-in-nature-a-conceptual-perspective-combining-the-stoic-and-buddhist-traditions
#16
Marcin Fabjański, Eric Brymer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951998/are-happiness-and-life-satisfaction-different-across-religious-groups-exploring-determinants-of-happiness-and-life-satisfaction
#17
Kayonda Hubert Ngamaba, Debbie Soni
This study explores whether different religions experience different levels of happiness and life satisfaction and in case this is affected by country economic and cultural environment. Using World Value Survey (from 1981 to 2014), this study found that individual religiosity and country level of development play a significant role in shaping people's subjective well-being (SWB). Protestants, Buddhists and Roman Catholic were happier and most satisfied with their lives compared to other religious groups. Orthodox has the lowest SWB...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917363/effects-of-music-and-music-video-interventions-on-sleep-quality-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-sleep-disturbances
#18
Chiung-Yu Huang, En-Ting Chang, Yuan-Mei Hsieh, Hui-Ling Lai
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to compare the effects of music and music video interventions on objective and subjective sleep quality in adults with sleep disturbances. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was performed on 71 adults who were recruited from the outpatient department of a hospital with 1100 beds and randomly assigned to the control, music, and music video groups. INTERVENTIONS: During the 4 test days (Days 2-5), for 30min before nocturnal sleep, the music group listened to Buddhist music and the music video group watched Buddhist music videos...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881108/altered-oesophageal-mechanosensitivity-of-secondary-peristalsis-as-a-pathophysiological-marker-in-patients-with-globus-sensation
#19
Wei-Yi Lei, Jui-Sheng Hung, Tso-Tsai Liu, Chih-Hsun Yi, Chien-Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Secondary peristalsis is important for clearance of retained food bolus and refluxate from the oesophagus. We aimed to investigate whether patients with globus sensation have altered physiological characteristics of secondary peristalsis. DESIGN: Prospective case-controlled study. SETTING: Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 17 globus patients and 18 healthy controls...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880811/the-role-of-religion-in-youth-exposed-to-disasters-in-sri-lanka
#20
Gaithri A Fernando, Dale E Berger
Little research is available on the role of religious coping among youth exposed to disasters. This study examined the role of general and religious coping in a sample of 669 Sri Lankan Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, and Christian youth (mean age = 14). Youth completed a survey with measures of exposure to disaster-related stressors, psychological and psychosocial functioning, and general and religious coping. Exposure to stressors was the most consistent predictor of negative outcomes, while approach-related coping predicted better outcomes for Buddhist and Hindu youth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
keyword
keyword
71770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"