keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chest imaging

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046004/-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Helen Ullrich, Tommaso Gori
The guidelines on the management of stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) recommend the use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the process of diagnosing coronary artery disease in patients with low intermediate pre-test probability for SCAD. Particularly in cases where stress electrocardiogram or stress imaging provides unclear results, a computed tomographic examination can be considered as a reliable alternative to invasive coronary angiography. Due to its high negative predictive value, coronary CTA can provide accurate information on the presence of coronary artery stenosis and thus coronary artery disease can be reliably excluded without the risks associated with invasive procedures...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043480/body-mass-index-bmi-postoperative-appearance-satisfaction-and-sexual-function-in-breast-cancer-survivorship
#2
K E Rojas, N Matthews, C Raker, M A Clark, M Onstad, A Stuckey, J Gass
PURPOSE: We sought to explore the correlation between BMI and postoperative sexual function, body image, and breast-specific sensuality before and after breast cancer surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of patients at least 1 year from surgery employed the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and investigator-generated questions. Patients who underwent lumpectomy (L), mastectomy (M), and mastectomy with reconstruction (MR) were compared across three BMI groups: normal weight, overweight, and obese...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043423/preliminary-report-from-the-world-health-organisation-chest-radiography-in-epidemiological-studies-project
#3
REVIEW
Nasreen Mahomed, Nicholas Fancourt, John de Campo, Margaret de Campo, Aliu Akano, Thomas Cherian, Olivia G Cohen, David Greenberg, Stephen Lacey, Neera Kohli, Henrique M Lederman, Shabir A Madhi, Veronica Manduku, Eric D McCollum, Kate Park, Jose Luis Ribo-Aristizabal, Naor Bar-Zeev, Katherine L O'Brien, Kim Mulholland
Childhood pneumonia is among the leading infectious causes of mortality in children younger than 5 years of age globally. Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is the leading infectious cause of childhood bacterial pneumonia. The diagnosis of childhood pneumonia remains a critical epidemiological task for monitoring vaccine and treatment program effectiveness. The chest radiograph remains the most readily available and common imaging modality to assess childhood pneumonia. In 1997, the World Health Organization Radiology Working Group was established to provide a consensus method for the standardized definition for the interpretation of pediatric frontal chest radiographs, for use in bacterial vaccine efficacy trials in children...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043422/guidelines-for-the-use-of-chest-radiographs-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Savvas Andronikou, Elena Lambert, Jarred Halton, Lucy Hilder, Iona Crumley, Mark D Lyttle, Cara Kosack
National guidance from the United Kingdom and the United States on community-acquired pneumonia in children states that chest radiographs are not recommended routinely in uncomplicated cases. The main reason in the ambulatory setting is that there is no evidence of a substantial impact on clinical outcomes. However clinical practice and adherence to guidance is multifactorial and includes the clinical context (developed vs. developing world), the confidence of the attending physician, the changing incidence of complications (according to the success of immunisation programs), the availability of alternative imaging (and its relationship to perceived risks of radiation) and the reliability of the interpretation of imaging...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043420/lung-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Jacob A M Stadler, Savvas Andronikou, Heather J Zar
Ultrasound (US) has been proposed as an alternative first-line imaging modality to diagnose community-acquired pneumonia in children. Lung US has the potential benefits over chest radiography of being radiation free, subject to fewer regulatory requirements, relatively lower cost and with immediate bedside availability of results. However, the uptake of lung US into clinical practice has been slow and it is not yet included in clinical guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia in children. The aim of this review is to give an overview of the equipment and techniques used to perform lung US in children with suspected pneumonia and the interpretation of relevant sonographic findings...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043419/computed-tomography-in-children-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#6
REVIEW
Savvas Andronikou, Pierre Goussard, Erich Sorantin
Diagnostic imaging plays a significant role in both the diagnosis and treatment of complications of pneumonia in children and chest radiography is the imaging modality of choice. Computed tomography (CT) on the other hand, is not currently a first-line imaging tool for children with suspected uncomplicated community-acquired pneumonia and is largely reserved for when complications of pneumonia are suspected or there is difficulty in differentiating pneumonia from other pathology. This review outlines the situations where CT needs to be considered in children with pneumonia, describes the imaging features of the parenchymal and pleural complications of pneumonia, discusses how CT may have a wider role in developing countries where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis are prevalent, makes note of the role of CT scanning for identifying missed foreign body aspiration and, lastly, addresses radiation concerns...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042693/occult-sources-of-bleeding-in-blunt-trauma-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Tetsuya Yumoto, Yoshinori Kosaki, Yasuaki Yamakawa, Atsuyoshi Iida, Hirotsugu Yamamoto, Taihei Yamada, Kohei Tsukahara, Hiromichi Naito, Takaaki Osako, Atsunori Nakao
Worldwide, hemorrhagic shock in major trauma remains a major potentially preventable cause of death. Controlling bleeding and subsequent coagulopathy is a big challenge. Immediate assessment of unidentified bleeding sources is essential in blunt trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock. Chest/pelvic X-ray in conjunction with ultrasonography have been established classically as initial diagnostic imaging modalities to identify the major sources of internal bleeding including intra-thoracic, intra-abdominal, or retroperitoneal hemorrhage related to pelvic fracture...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039623/the-challenge-of-takotsubo-syndrome-heterogeneity-of-clinical-features
#8
Susanne Anna Schlossbauer, Jelena-Rima Ghadri, Frank Scherff, Christian Templin
Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) was first described in 1991 as a rare, spontaneous and completely reversible left ventricular regional systolic dysfunction. Today the incidence of TTS is estimated at 2% in patients with an initial diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Notably, the incidence can be as high as 5.9 to 7.5% in female patients. TTS occurs predominantly in postmenopausal women, but both sexes may be affected, at any age. Acute chest pain or dyspnoea is a characteristic symptom of TTS, but initial presentation can also include more severe disease manifestation such as acute heart failure with pulmonary oedema or haemodynamic instability, especially in an in-hospital setting...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038921/muscular-sarcoidosis-involving-the-chest-and-abdominal-walls-case-report-with-mr-imaging
#9
Seunghyun Lee, In Sook Lee, Jeongha Mok, You Seon Song, Kyung-Un Choi
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disorder that is characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas in tissues, involving many organs and tissues. Extra-pulmonary, especially muscular sarcoidosis is a rare condition. The most common location of the muscular sarcoidosis is known to be the proximal muscles of the extremities; however, there have been no cases of diffuse involvement of the chest and abdominal wall muscles. Here, we report a rare muscular sarcoidosis with infiltrative pattern in the chest and abdominal wall muscles and describe the MR imaging findings that were mistaken as lymphoma at initial diagnosis...
October 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038706/thoracic-aortic-involvement-in-cystic-echinococcosis-a-case-report
#10
Mohammad Mahdi Kamyar, Hassan Ravari
Cystic echinococcosis is a common parasitic disease in some areas and involves different organs with different presentations. Rural areas in our country are endemic with this disease. We present a case of echinococcal aortic involvement that was diagnosed incidentally by a routine chest radiogram as a mediastinal mass. Cystic echinococcosis was established as final diagnosis after magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ELISA studies. The patient was treated surgically through a thoracotomy and her aortic defect was repaired during the operation...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038405/-our-experiences-of-vertebrectomy-for-lung-cancer-invading-the-spine
#11
Soichi Oka, Fumihiro Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Surgery for lung cancer invading the spine remains challenging associated with high morbidity and mortality. We describe our surgical approach and assess the outcome of surgical treatment lung cancer invading the spine. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our recent experiences of lung cancer with vertebral invasion, in which we have performed total or partial vertebrectomy from 2011 through 2015. RESULTS: We experienced 8 patients who were treated with partial or total vertebrectomy for lung cancer...
October 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037906/uveitis-diagnostic-work-up-a-literature-review-and-recommendations-from-an-expert-committee
#12
REVIEW
Pascal Sève, Patrice Cacoub, Bahram Bodaghi, Salim Trad, Jérémie Sellam, David Bellocq, Philip Bielefeld, Damien Sène, Gilles Kaplanski, Dominique Monnet, Antoine Brézin, Michel Weber, David Saadoun, Christophe Chiquet, Laurent Kodjikian
PURPOSE: Diagnosis of uveitis is difficult. Etiologic investigations should take into account the epidemiology of uveitis and should focus on the most severe forms of the disease and those which can be treated. This study was undertaken to establish recommendations for the diagnosis of uveitis. METHODS: Recommendations were developed by a multidisciplinary panel of 14 experts, including internists, ophthalmologists, and rheumatologists, and are based on a review of the literature and the results of the ULISSE study, which was the first prospective study to assess the efficacy of a standardized strategy for the etiologic diagnosis of uveitis...
October 13, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037314/pulmonary-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-similar-to-chest-tomography-in-detecting-inflammation-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#13
Carolina de Souza Müller, Danny Warszawiak, Eduardo Dos Santos Paiva, Dante Luiz Escuissato
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are prevalent complications of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and are currently the leading causes of death related to the disease. The accurate recognition of these conditions is therefore of utmost importance for patient management. A study was carried out with 24 SSc patients being followed at the Rheumatology Department of the Hospital de Clínicas of Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR) and 14 healthy volunteers, with the objective of evaluating the usefulness of lung magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) when assessing ILD in SS patients...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035775/avoiding-the-pocket-a-case-report-of-coiling-of-distal-shunt-catheter-into-subcutaneous-pocket
#14
Richard Justin Garling, Sandeep Sood, Carolyn Anne Harris
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is one of the most common disorders of neurosurgery and ventricular shunting, the primary surgical intervention, malfunctions in 85% of patients by 10 years. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 12-year-old girl with history of a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) and ventricular shunt, most recently revised from ventriculoatrial (VA) to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt at an outside hospital. The patient presented with a new left chest bulge, nausea, emesis, and seizures...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035213/a-fidelity-embedded-regularization-method-for-robust-electrical-impedance-tomography
#15
Kyounghun Lee, Eung Je Woo, Jin Keun Seo
Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) provides functional images of an electrical conductivity distribution inside the human body. Since the 1980s, many potential clinical applications have arisen using inexpensive portable EIT devices. EIT acquires multiple trans-impedance measurements across the body from an array of surface electrodes around a chosen imaging slice. The conductivity image reconstruction from the measured data is a fundamentally ill-posed inverse problem notoriously vulnerable to measurement noise and artifacts...
October 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034994/risk-factors-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-%C3%A2-2%C3%A2-cm-in-size-a-monocentric-population-based-analysis
#16
Xiyan Yu, Yanwen Li, Chunlei Shi, Baohui Han
AIM: This study was designed to determine the risk factors of lymph node metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with tumors ≤ 2 cm, using the Shanghai Chest Hospital Lung Cancer Database. METHODS: Five hundred and eighteen patients with NSCLC ≤ 2 cm were included in this study, and were classified into lymph node-positive and lymph node-negative groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to select the independent risk factors for lymph node metastasis in NSCLC patients...
October 16, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033202/-pyopneumothorax-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
B Huret, S Boulanger, L Benhamed, X Deprez, D Caparros
INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the joints but which frequently includes extra articular effects, including pulmonary nodules, which grow faster under immunosuppressive treatment. CASE REPORT: A 74 years old man, with mild asbestosis, underwent treatment with methotrexate then leflunomide (LEF) for seropositive RA. In February 2014, during monitoring of his asbestosis, chest CT scan showed the appearance of thick-walled cavitating lung nodules, with a central and sub pleural distribution...
October 12, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031479/the-optimum-chest-compression-site-with-regard-to-heart-failure-demonstrated-by-computed-tomography
#18
Keunha Hwang, Sung-Bin Chon, Jung Gi Im
BACKGROUND: To determine the optimum chest compression site during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with regard to heart failure (HF) by applying three-dimensional (3D) coordinates on computed tomography (CT). METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study involved adults who underwent echocardiography and CT on the same day from 2007 to 2017. Incomplete CT images or information on HF, cardiac medication between echocardiography and CT, or thoracic abnormalities were excluded...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030781/clinical-and-imaging-features-in-lung-torsion-and-description-of-a-novel-imaging-sign
#19
Mark M Hammer, Rachna Madan
PURPOSE: We set out to identify the clinical and imaging features seen in lung torsion, a rare but emergent diagnosis leading to vascular compromise of a lobe or entire lung. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 10 patients with torsion who underwent chest CT. We evaluated each case for the presence of bronchial obstruction and abnormal fissure orientation. In seven patients who underwent contrast-enhanced CTs, we assessed for the presence of the antler sign, a novel sign seen on axial images demonstrating abnormal curvature of the artery and branches originating on one side...
October 13, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030346/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-aortic-dissection-detection-risk-score-plus-d-dimer-for-acute-aortic-syndromes-the-advised-prospective-multicenter-study
#20
Peiman Nazerian, Christian Mueller, Alexandre de Matos Soeiro, Bernd A Leidel, Sibilla Anna Teresa Salvadeo, Francesca Giachino, Simone Vanni, Karin Grimm, Múcio T Oliveira, Emanuele E Pivetta, Enrico Lupia, Stefano Grifoni, Fulvio Morello
Background -Acute aortic syndromes (AAS) are rare and severe cardiovascular emergencies with unspecific symptoms. For AAS, both misdiagnosis and over-testing are key concerns, and standardized diagnostic strategies may help physicians to balance these risks. D-dimer (DD) is highly sensitive for AAS, but is inadequate as a standalone test. Integration of pre-test probability assessment (PPA) with D-dimer (DD) testing is feasible, but the safety and efficiency of such diagnostic strategy are currently unknown...
October 13, 2017: Circulation
keyword
keyword
71769
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"