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tuberculosis and platelet count

Manolya Acar, Murat Sütçü, Hacer Aktürk, Selda Hançerli Törün, Nurinisa Karagöz, Hayati Beka, Ensar Yekeler, Ali Ağaçfidan, Nuran Salman, Ayper Somer
Cryptococcus neoformans is an important opportunistic pathogen that causes serious mortality and morbidity in AIDS patients. Although its incidence has decreased with proper antiretroviral treatment (ART), it is still a major concern in areas with low socioeconomic HIV endemic countries with poor sources of therapy. In our country, pediatric HIV infection and so, HIV-related opportunistic infections are very rare. In order to pay attention to this unusual collaboration; herein, we presented a pediatric case who was diagnosed with HIV and disseminated cryptococcus infection concomitantly...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
K Rohini, M Surekha Bhat, P S Srikumar, A Mahesh Kumar
The aim of the study was the assessment of hematological parameters in pulmonary tuberculosis patients. Forty patients diagnosed with tuberculosis were recruited from the Institute of Thoracic Medicine on the basis of history, clinical examination, chest radiography, sputum examination and related laboratory parameters and were compared with age and sex matched healthy volunteers (n = 40). Hematological parameters and CRP in tuberculosis patients were determined. The mean values for serum hemoglobin level, RBC count and platelet count in PTB was found to be less (p < 0...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
Basant S Sikarwar, Mukesh Roy, Priya Ranjan, Ayush Goyal
This paper examines programmed automatic recognition of infection from samples of dried stains of micro-scale drops of patient blood. This technique has the upside of being low-cost and less-intrusive and not requiring puncturing the patient with a needle for drawing blood, which is especially critical for infants and the matured. It also does not require expensive pathological blood test laboratory equipment. The method is shown in this work to be successful for ailment identification in patients suffering from tuberculosis and anaemia...
July 2016: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Sabin Ranabhat, Mamta Tiwari, Jiwan Kshetri, Sushna Maharjan, Bidur Prasad Osti
BACKGROUND: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is so named because Kikuchi and Fujimoto were the first scientists to describe it in Japan in 1972. Although the disease has been reported from all over the world and more so from Asia, it is rare. To date only eight cases have been reported from Nepal. Cervical lymphadenopathy, fever and raised Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate are usual presenting features of this disease. We describe a case which presented with thrombocytopenia and axillary lymphadenopathy in addition to the usual features...
2015: BMC Research Notes
J L Vaughan, J Fourie, S Naidoo, N Subramony, T Wiggill, N Alli
BACKGROUND: Causes of thrombocytopenia range from laboratory errors to life-threatening pathological conditions. To establish the cause, appropriate laboratory investigation is required. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and causes of platelet counts <100 × 10(9)/L in state health facilities in Johannesburg, South Africa, as well as the quality of the subsequent laboratory work-up in this setting. METHODS: Full blood counts (FBCs) performed on 7 randomly selected days at the National Health Laboratory Service laboratory at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
March 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Michael J Vinikoor, Edford Sinkala, Aggrey Mweemba, Arianna Zanolini, Lloyd Mulenga, Izukanji Sikazwe, Michael W Fried, Joseph J Eron, Gilles Wandeler, Benjamin H Chi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated the association between significant liver fibrosis, determined by AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), and all-cause mortality among HIV-infected patients prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zambia. METHODS: Among HIV-infected adults who initiated ART, we categorized baseline APRI scores according to established thresholds for significant hepatic fibrosis (APRI ≥1.5) and cirrhosis (APRI ≥2.0). Using multivariable logistic regression we identified risk factors for elevated APRI including demographic characteristics, body mass index (BMI), HIV clinical and immunological status, and tuberculosis...
July 2015: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
J O Opolot, A J Theron, R Anderson, C Feldman
INTRODUCTION: Despite the high burden of disease, there have been surprisingly few studies of the acute phase and plasma catecholamine/cortisol stress hormone responses in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. We wished to document acute phase reactant and stress hormone responses in patients with newly diagnosed, active pulmonary tuberculosis and to compare these responses to those of a group of surgical/medical cases with conditions other than tuberculosis. METHODS: This was a prospective study of consecutive patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis, admitted to a tertiary hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa, documenting demographic, clinical, routine laboratory, acute phase protein and stress hormone responses relative to those of the control group...
February 2015: Lung
Beata Shiratori, Susan Leano, Chie Nakajima, Haorile Chagan-Yasutan, Toshiro Niki, Yugo Ashino, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Elisabeth Telan, Toshio Hattori
Tuberculosis (TB) is the second most common cause of death from infectious diseases and results in high socioeconomic losses to many countries. Proper diagnosis is the first step in TB eradication. To develop a rapid, simple, and accurate diagnostic TB test and to characterize the prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) genotypes and immune profiles of TB patients, a total of 37 TB patients and 30 healthy control (HC) from Metro Manila were enrolled. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) reliably detected MTB infection...
2014: Mediators of Inflammation
Aswini Kumar, Aswanth Reddy, Kumar Satagopan
Infectious Disease Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Nocardiosis is bacterial infection caused by gram positive filamentous rods called Nocardia which tend to strike the lungs, brain and skin. The risk of nocardial infection is increased in immunocompromised patients, particularly those with defects in cell-mediated immunity. Nocardia was first reported as a complication of HIV infection in 1985. It is an uncommon opportunistic pathogen in HIV and is usually associated with advanced immunosuppression and high mortality...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Anuj P Surana, Kishor M Shelgikar, Sameer Melinkeri, Arvind Phadke
Although various haematologic abnormalities are known to occur with tuberculosis, association of immune thrombocytopenia with tuberculosis is uncommon. We report a case of retroperitoneal lymph node tuberculosis who presented with ITP. A 76 year old female was admitted to our hospital with oral mucosal bleed and petechial lesions over extremities and abdomen. A diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) was established. Intravenous Anti-D immunoglobulin and Dexamethasone therapy was started, but failed to elicit any sustained platelet response...
January 2014: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Rachel Kyeyune, Elmar Saathoff, Amara E Ezeamama, Thomas Löscher, Wafaie Fawzi, David Guwatudde
BACKGROUND: Cytopenias are the most common HIV-associated hematological abnormality. Cytopenias have been associated with several factors including sex, race/ethnicity, geographical location and comorbidities such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B infection, fever and oral candidiasis. Cytopenias become more prevalent as HIV progresses and are often fatal. Data from resource-limited settings about the prevalence and correlates of cytopenia are limited. Therefore we conducted this cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence and correlates of cytopenia among adult AIDS patients at initiation of HAART in Uganda...
2014: BMC Infectious Diseases
Ozlem Abakay, Abdurrahman Abakay, Hadice Selimoglu Sen, Abdullah C Tanrikulu
We aimed to investigate the correlation between red cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and other inflammatory markers with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) severity. Seventy patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis were compared with 50 age-matched and gender-matched healthy controls. The mean age of PTB patients was 50.4 ± 21.8 years. There were no differences in terms of age, gender, and smoking history between PTB patients and controls...
April 2015: Inflammation
Renata dos Santos Lugao, Marina Pamponet Motta, Matheus Freitas Cardoso de Azevedo, Roque Gabriel Rezende de Lima, Flávia de Azevedo Abrantes, Edson Abdala, Flair José Carrilho, Daniel Ferraz de Campos Mazo
A variety of clinical manifestations are associated directly or indirectly with tuberculosis. Among them, haematological abnormalities can be found in both the pulmonary and extrapulmonary forms of the disease. We report a case of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) associated with intestinal tuberculosis in a liver transplant recipient. The initial management of thrombocytopenia, with steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin, was not successful, and the lack of tuberculosis symptoms hampered a proper diagnostic evaluation...
July 7, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Muhammad Shafee, Ferhat Abbas, Muhammad Ashraf, Mohammad Alam Mengal, Niamatullah Kakar, Zafar Ahmad, Fawad Ali
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic debilitating infectious disease affecting more than one third of the global population. This study was designed to investigate different peripheral blood parameters and risk factors in TB patients. METHODS: A total of 600 (Male, 238 and Female, 362) aging 20-80 Years patients with clinical signs of prolonged cough, chest pain and fever, were evaluated for peripheral blood parameters using hematology analyzer. All the informations related to the disease were collected from the patients and recorded using predesigned questionnaire...
January 2014: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Gulsah Gunluoglu, Esra Ertan Yazar, Nurdan Simsek Veske, Ekrem Cengiz Seyhan, Sedat Altin
BACKGROUND: The mean platelet volume (MPV) reflects the size of platelets. It has been shown to be inversely correlated with level of the inflammation in some chronic inflammatory diseases. This prospective study aims to show the usability of MPV as an inflammation marker in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) by comparison with healthy controls. In addition, its relationships with other inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as well as with the radiological extent of disease were examined...
2014: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Li Cheng, Mei-fang Huang, Peng-fei Mei, Wen-hui Bo, Chang-sheng Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical, endoscopic and pathologic features in the differential diagnosis between Crohn's disease(CD) and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB). METHODS: The complete clinical data of 107 patients with CD and 69 patients with ITB in our hospital from January 2011 to January 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnostic value of the clinical and endoscopic scoring system was evaluated. RESULTS: CD occurred mainly in male...
November 2013: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Antoine Adenis, Mathieu Nacher, Matthieu Hanf, Célia Basurko, Julie Dufour, Florence Huber, Christine Aznar, Bernard Carme, Pierre Couppie
In disease-endemic areas, histoplasmosis is the main differential diagnosis for tuberculosis among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. However, no study has compared the two diseases. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare tuberculosis and histoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients. A population of 205 HIV-infected patients (99 with tuberculosis and 106 with histoplasmosis) hospitalized in Cayenne, French Guiana during January 1, 1997-December 31, 2008 were selected retrospectively from the French Hospital Database on HIV...
February 2014: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
A Neino Mourtala Mohamed, C Tummino, M Gouitaa, P Chanez
Thrombocytopenia induced by rifampicin in the absence of prior sensitization is exceptional, especially when it occurs in a patient without risk factors. We report the case of a patient aged 25 years with no past history of medical, surgical or knowledge of having taken rifampicin previously, who was hospitalized for treatment of thrombocytopenic purpura occurring after the initiation of fixed combination quadruple therapy (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) for pulmonary tuberculosis. The biological pretreatment and therapeutic education had not been made...
November 2013: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Sha Huang, Feng-Ming Yi, Rui Zhou, Min Chen, Yuan Lei, Jun-Zhang Zhao, Heng Zhang, Bing Xia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic utility of platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), and red cell distribution width (RDW) in patients with active Crohn's disease (CD) and intestinal tuberculosis (ITB). METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Sixty-eight patients with active CD, 35 with ITB, and 22 as control group were recruited. Blood routine test including white blood cell, red blood cell, PLT, MPV, RDW, and so forth was investigated...
November 2013: Saudi Medical Journal
Ondrej Hradsky, Jan Ohem, Kristyna Zarubova, Katarina Mitrova, Marianna Durilova, Radana Kotalova, Jiri Nevoral, Ilona Zemanova, Pavel Dryak, Jiri Bronsky
BACKGROUND: Interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) is widely used for screening of latent tuberculosis (TB) before and during biological therapy (BT). An indeterminate result of IGRA represents a limitation in the management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Data on factors influencing IGRA results are scarce in children. The aim of the study was to identify factors influencing IGRA results in children with IBD. METHODS: Seventy-two children with IBD (59 Crohn disease, 11 ulcerative colitis, 2 IBD-unclassified) indicated for BT were tested for TB infection (history, TB skin test, chest radiograph, IGRA; QuantiFERON-TB Gold in tube [QFT]) and consecutively retested using QFT in 1-year intervals...
March 2014: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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