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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814936/development-and-validation-of-a-coping-scale-for-caregivers-in-malaysia
#1
Norhayati Ibrahim, Hui Chien Ong, Suzaily Wahab
INTRODUCTION: Caregivers often experience stressful situations while in the midst of the caregiving process. Thus, various methods of coping have been widely applied and studied in previous researches. The aim of this study was to develop a novel questionnaire to assess the coping strategies employed by those who provide care to patients, and to further validate it among caregivers of schizophrenia patients in Malaysia. METHODS: This study, which involved the caregivers of schizophrenia patients from a hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, was comprised of three parts, namely in-depth interviews, a pilot study, and the validation of the developed questionnaire, known as Caregiver Cope (CgCope(TM))...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814935/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-students-towards-hiv-aids-patients-in-melaka-malaysia
#2
Vijendra Pal Singh, Izni Syazana Osman, Nur Amanina Rahmat, Nur Ashikin Abu Bakar, Nurul Fathin Natasha Abdul Razak, Sowmya Nettem
BACKGROUND: Cross contamination of HIV is a real threat today. Dental treatment often includes direct contact with a patient's blood and saliva, therefore dental professionals can be easily exposed to HIV microorganisms. Hence, it is essential to gain insight into dental students' knowledge and attitude towards HIV patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey of 186 clinical year dental students (year 3, 4 and 5) in the 2015-2016 academic session at the Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College (MMMC), Manipal University, Melaka volunteered to participate in the study...
May 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814869/the-economic-burden-of-schizophrenia-in-malaysia
#3
Siew Li Teoh, Huey Yi Chong, Salina Abdul Aziz, Norliza Chemi, Abdul Razak Othman, Nurzuriana Md Zaki, Possatorn Vanichkulpitak, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a highly debilitating disease despite its low prevalence. The economic burden associated with SCZ is substantial and mainly attributed to productivity loss. To improve the understanding of economic burden of SCZ in the low- and middle-income country regions, we aimed to determine the economic burden of SCZ in Malaysia. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using a prevalence-based approach from a societal perspective in Malaysia with a 1 year period from 2013...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813631/rapid-and-targeted-introgression-of-fgr-gene-through-marker-assisted-backcrossing-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#4
Acga Cheng, Ismanizan Ismail, Mohamad Osman, Habibuddin Hashim, Nur Samahah Mohd Zainual
While it is crucial for developing countries like Malaysia to achieve self-sufficiency in rice (Oryza sativa L.), it is equally critical to be able to produce high-quality rice, specifically fragrant rice, which demands are often met through importation. The present study was aimed at developing high-yielding fragrant rice, in a timely and cost-effective manner. A marker-assisted backcross (MABC) approach was optimised to introgress the fragrance gene (fgr) into two high-yielding Malaysian varieties; MR84 and MR219, within two years utilising less than fifty molecular markers...
August 16, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812839/just-say-no-to-the-tpp-a-democratic-setback-for-american-and-asian-public-health-comment-on-the-trans-pacific-partnership-is-it-everything-we-feared-for-health
#5
Carles Muntaner, Deb Finn Mahabir
(TPP) policy and the severe threats to public health that it implies for 12 Pacific Rim populations from the Americas and Asia (Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, United States, and Vietnam). With careful and analytic precision the authors convincingly unearth many aspects of this piece of legislation that undermine the public health achievements of most countries involved in the TTP. Our comments complement their policy analysis with the aim of providing a positive heuristic tool to assist in the understanding of the TPP, and other upcoming treaties like the even more encompassing Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and in so doing motivate the public health community to oppose the implementation of the relevant provisions of the agreements...
November 6, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807422/assessment-of-heavy-metal-pollution-in-surficial-sediments-from-a-tropical-river-estuary-shelf-system-a-case-study-of-kelantan-river-malaysia
#6
Ai-Jun Wang, Chui Wei Bong, Yong-Hang Xu, Meor Hakif Amir Hassan, Xiang Ye, Ahmad Farid Abu Bakar, Yun-Hai Li, Zhi-Kun Lai, Jiang Xu, Kar Hoe Loh
To understand the source-to-sink of pollutants in the Kelantan River estuary and the adjacent shelf area in Malaysia, a total of 42 surface sediment samples were collected in the Kelantan River-estuary-shelf system to analyze for grain size, total organic carbon (TOC) content, Al and heavy metals (Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb). The surficial sediments were mainly composed of clayey silt and the TOC content in sediments decreased from the river to the shelf. The surficial sediments experienced Pb pollution; Cr only showed a certain level of pollution in the coastal area of the estuary but not in other areas, and Ni, Cu, Zn, and Cd showed no pollution...
August 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807418/assessment-of-metallic-trace-elements-in-the-muscles-and-fins-of-four-landed-elasmobranchs-from-kuala-terengganu-waters-malaysia
#7
Meng Chuan Ong, Shi Ling Gan
A study had been carried out to determine Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg and Pb concentrations in the muscle and fins of four elasmobranchs species namely spot-tail sharks, milk sharks, whitespotted bamboo sharks and whitespotted guitarfish from Pulau Kambing LKIM Fishery Complex, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. Zinc level was found to have the highest concentration whereas Cd had the lowest concentration in both organs. By comparing both organs, metals concentrations in fins of all elasmobranchs species were higher than muscle...
August 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806786/an-economic-evaluation-of-vector-control-in-the-age-of-a-dengue-vaccine
#8
Christopher Fitzpatrick, Alexander Haines, Mathieu Bangert, Andrew Farlow, Janet Hemingway, Raman Velayudhan
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a rapidly emerging vector-borne Neglected Tropical Disease, with a 30-fold increase in the number of cases reported since 1960. The economic cost of the illness is measured in the billions of dollars annually. Environmental change and unplanned urbanization are conspiring to raise the health and economic cost even further beyond the reach of health systems and households. The health-sector response has depended in large part on control of the Aedes aegypti and Ae...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806633/provision-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-sudep-information-among-malaysian-parents-of-children-with-epilepsy
#9
Choong Yi Fong, Wei Kang Lim, Ann Nie Kong, Pei Lin Lua, Lai Choo Ong
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is an important cause of mortality in epilepsy. To date, there is only one published UK study evaluating information provision of SUDEP among parents of children with epilepsy (CWE), and there are no studies published from Asia. Although SUDEP information provision is recommended among parents of CWE, it is uncertain if these recommendations are applicable to Asian countries due to the different cultural attitude towards epilepsy. Our prospective cohort study consisted of multiethnic parents of children with epilepsy (CWE) seen in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia...
August 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803503/hiv-testing-and-awareness-of-hiv-status-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia
#10
Alexander R Bazazi, Aishwarya Vijay, Forrest W Crawford, Robert Heimer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
HIV testing services are the gateway into HIV treatment and are critical for monitoring the epidemic. HIV testing is recommended at least annually in high-risk populations, including people who inject drugs (PWID). In Malaysia, the HIV epidemic is concentrated among PWID, but their adherence to testing recommendations and the proportion of HIV-positive PWID who are aware of their status remain unknown. We recruited 460 PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur using respondent-driven sampling and conducted HIV testing. We examined past testing behaviors, estimating testing frequency, correlates of testing in the past 12 months, and the proportion of those living with HIV who were aware of their status...
August 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803192/early-life-secondhand-smoke-exposure-assessed-by-hair-nicotine-biomarker-may-reduce-children-s-neurodevelopment-at-2years-of-age
#11
Nur Nadia Mohamed, See Ling Loy, Poh Ying Lim, Abdullah Al Mamun, Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed
Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) can affect fetal brain development as well as subsequent neurodevelopment. This study aimed to determine the association between prenatal and postnatal SHS exposure with children's neurodevelopment at 2years of age. Among 107 mother-child pairs from a Malaysia prospective cohort, prenatal and postnatal SHS exposure was determined based on maternal and child hair nicotine concentrations. Multiple linear regressions were used to determine the association between prenatal and postnatal levels of nicotine in maternal and children's' hair with children's neurodevelopment...
August 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802296/iodine-status-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-sabah-malaysia
#12
Kuang Kuay Lim, Ying Ying Chan, Chien Huey Teh, Hasimah Ismail, Rafidah Yusof, Jamail Muhi, Kuang Hock Lim, Leng Huat Foo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2000, legislation on mandatory universal salt iodisation was enacted in Sabah, Malaysia, to reduce the incidence of iodine deficiency disorders among its population. To evaluate the iodine levels among pregnant women from selected rural divisions in Sabah 13 years after the enactment of the universal salt iodisation programme. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 May to 30 June, 2013, in three rural divisions of Sabah (the Interior, the West Coast, and Kudat)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801409/what-is-the-prevalence-of-and-associations-with-forced-labour-experiences-among-male-migrants-from-dolakha-nepal-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-of-returnee-migrants
#13
Joelle Mak, Tanya Abramsky, Bandita Sijapati, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: Growing numbers of people are migrating outside their country for work, and many experience precarious conditions, which have been linked to poor physical and mental health. While international dialogue on human trafficking, forced labour and slavery increases, prevalence data of such experiences remain limited. METHODS: Men from Dolakha, Nepal, who had ever migrated outside of Nepal for work were interviewed on their experiences, from predeparture to return (n=194)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800758/validation-of-verbal-autopsy-determination-of-cause-of-deaths-in-malaysia-2013
#14
Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Yi Yi Khoo, Mohd Omar Azahadi, Mohamad Anuar Mohamad Fuad, Chandrika Jeevananthan, Chalapati Rao
BACKGROUND: Mortality statistics by age, sex and cause are the foundation of basic health data required for health status assessment, epidemiological research and formation of health policy. Close to half the deaths in Malaysia occur outside a health facility, are not attended by medical personnel, and are given a lay opinion as to the cause of death, leading to poor quality of data from vital registration. Verbal autopsy (VA) is a very useful tool in diagnosing broad causes of deaths for events that occur outside health facilities...
August 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800732/the-duffy-binding-protein-pkdbp%C3%AE-ii-of-plasmodium-knowlesi-from-peninsular-malaysia-and-malaysian-borneo-show-different-binding-activity-level-to-human-erythrocytes
#15
Khai Lone Lim, Amirah Amir, Yee Ling Lau, Mun Yik Fong
BACKGROUND: The zoonotic Plasmodium knowlesi is a major cause of human malaria in Malaysia. This parasite uses the Duffy binding protein (PkDBPαII) to interact with the Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) receptor on human and macaque erythrocytes to initiate invasion. Previous studies on P. knowlesi have reported distinct Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo PkDBPαII haplotypes. In the present study, the differential binding activity of these haplotypes with human and macaque (Macaca fascicularis) erythrocytes was investigated...
August 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798179/whole-genome-sequences-of-two-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-quasipneumoniae-strains-isolated-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-johor-malaysia
#16
Han Ming Gan, Ganeswrie Rajasekaram, Wilhelm Wei Han Eng, Priyatharisni Kaniappan, Amreeta Dhanoa
We report the whole-genome sequences of two carbapenem-resistant clinical isolates of Klebsiella quasipneumoniae subsp. similipneumoniae obtained from two different patients. Both strains contained three different extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes and showed strikingly high pairwise average nucleotide identity of 99.99% despite being isolated 3 years apart from the same hospital.
August 10, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798007/industrial-pollutants-and-nasopharyngeal-cancer-an-open-question
#17
Roberto Menicagli, Gianni Bolla, Laura Menicagli, Anastassia Esseiridou
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma represents 0.7% of the total cancer cases in the world with an ASR index of 1.7 and is widely associated with Epstein-Barr virus. It is not common in Italy (ASR index of 0.5) while in China (ASR 1.9), one third of the clinical cases are observed in Guangdong (ASR index 11.3). It is also quite common in Malaysia and Indonesia. The activation of the cancerogenesis process happens after the exposure to some environmental parameters that epidemiological studies have indicated with various dietary habits, mainly for salted fish consumption...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797255/barriers-to-routine-g6pd-testing-prior-to-treatment-with-primaquine
#18
Benedikt Ley, Kamala Thriemer, Jessica Jaswal, Eugenie Poirot, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Ching Swe Phru, Wasif Ali Khan, Lek Dysoley, Gao Qi, Chong Chee Kheong, Ummi Kalthom Shamsudin, Ingrid Chen, Jimee Hwang, Roly Gosling, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: Primaquine is essential for the radical cure of vivax malaria, however its broad application is hindered by the risk of drug-induced haemolysis in individuals with glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Rapid diagnostic tests capable of diagnosing G6PD deficiency are now available, but these are not used widely. METHODS: A series of qualitative interviews were conducted with policy makers and healthcare providers in four vivax-endemic countries...
August 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794617/sociodemographic-profile-and-predictors-of-outpatient-clinic-attendance-among-hiv-positive-patients-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy-in-selangor-malaysia
#19
Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Lekhraj Rampal, Norlijah Othman, Faisal Ibrahim, Kadir Shahar Hayati, Anuradha P Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent literature evidence suggests that sociodemographic, economic, and system- and patient-related factors are associated with clinic attendance among the HIV-positive population receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) around the world. We examined the factors that predict outpatient clinic attendance among a cohort of HIV-positive patients initiating ART in Selangor, Malaysia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed secondary data on outpatient clinic attendance and sociodemographic, economic, psychosocial, and patient-related factors among 242 adult Malaysian patients initiating ART in Selangor, Malaysia...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791685/ants-are-the-major-agents-of-resource-removal-from-tropical-rainforests
#20
Hannah M Griffiths, Louise A Ashton, Alice E Walker, Fevziye Hasan, Theodore A Evans, Paul Eggleton, Catherine L Parr
Ants are diverse and abundant, especially in tropical ecosystems. They are often cited as the agents of key ecological processes, but their precise contributions compared with other organisms have rarely been quantified. Through the removal of food resources from the forest floor and subsequent transport to nests, ants play an important role in the redistribution of nutrients in rainforests. This is an essential ecosystem process and a key energetic link between higher trophic levels, decomposers and primary producers...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
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