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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150533/disparity-between-indications-for-and-utilization-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-asian-patients-with-heart-failure
#1
Yvonne May Fen Chia, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Eugene S J Tan, Wan Ting Tay, A Mark Richards, Calvin Woon Loong Chin, Wataru Shimizu, Sang Weon Park, Chung-Lieh Hung, Lieng H Ling, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Razali Omar, Bambang B Siswanto, Calambur Narasimhan, Eugene B Reyes, Cheuk-Man Yu, Inder Anand, Michael R MacDonald, Jonathan Yap, Shu Zhang, Eric A Finkelstein, Carolyn S P Lam
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are lifesaving devices for patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. However, utilization and determinants of ICD insertion in Asia are poorly defined. We determined the utilization, associations of ICD uptake, patient-perceived barriers to device therapy and, impact of ICDs on mortality in Asian patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the prospective ASIAN-HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) registry, 5276 patients with symptomatic HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from 11 Asian regions and across 3 income regions (high: Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan; middle: China, Malaysia, and Thailand; and low: India, Indonesia, and Philippines) were studied...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150259/reduction-of-co2-emission-by-incam-model-in-malaysia-biomass-power-plants-during-the-year-2016
#2
Nor Aishah Saidina Amin, Amin Talebian-Kiakalaieh
As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME), as alternative fuels for powering steam and gas turbines, were determined using the INCAM model...
November 15, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#3
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148006/autogenous-forearm-loop-arteriovenous-fistula-creation
#4
Weng Jun Tang, Arman Zaharil Mat Saad
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula is a lifeline for end-stage kidney disease patients on dialysis. The quality of the vein and artery to be used plays a crucial role in attaining a functioning, reliable and long-lasting arteriovenous fistula. The aim of the study is to present an alternative for haemodialysis access to preserve the upper arm vasculature for future use - the forearm loop arteriovenous fistula. METHODS: From October 2015 to September 2016, 202 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), stages 4 and 5, underwent arteriovenous fistula creation at the Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Malaysia...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146857/whole-genome-sequence-of-salmonella-enterica-subsp-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-strain-upm-260-isolated-from-a-broiler-chicken-in-perak-malaysia
#5
Najwa Syahirah Roslan, Shagufta Jabeen, Nurulfiza Mat Isa, Abdul Rahman Omar, Mohd Hair Bejo, Aini Ideris
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium is one of several well-categorized Salmonella serotypes recognized globally. Here, we report the whole-genome sequence of S Typhimurium strain UPM 260, isolated from a broiler chicken.
November 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145930/assessment-of-predicted-rate-and-associated-factors-of-dabigatran-induced-bleeding-events-in-malaysian-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Semira Abdi Beshir, Lok Bin Yap, Szyuin Sim, Kok Han Chee, Yoke Lin Lo
PURPOSE: To assess the predicted rate and the factors associated with bleeding events among patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) receiving dabigatran therapy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study includes adult patients of two tertiary hospitals in Malaysia. Potential study subjects were identified using pharmacy supply database or novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) registry. Demographics, clinical data and laboratory test results were extracted from the medical records of the patients or electronic databases...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145091/discussion-of-occurrence-fate-and-environmental-impact-of-linear-alkylbenzene-sulfonate-in-the-langat-and-selangor-river-basins-malaysia-by-nobumitsu-sakai-junichi-shirasaka-yasuto-matsui-mohd-redzuam-ramli-kousuke-yoshida-mustafa-ali-mohd-minoru-yoneda-chemosphere
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143232/assessment-of-gastrointestinal-nematode-infection-anthelmintic-usage-and-husbandry-practices-on-two-small-scale-goat-farms-in-malaysia
#8
Flora Wong, Neil Sargison
Haemonchosis is a common problem on goat farms in tropical countries such as Malaysia. Prevention of production losses generally depends on the use of anthelmintic drugs, but is threatened by the emergence of anthelmintic resistance. This study investigates anthelmintic efficacy on small-scale Malaysian goat farms and describes putative risk factors. Adult goats had moderate to high pre-treatment faecal trichostrongyle egg counts, despite being housed on slatted floors and fed on cut-and-carry forage, raising questions about the source of nematode infection...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138540/a-qualitative-study-exploring-issues-related-to-medication-management-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#9
Mariani Ahmad Nizaruddin, Marhanis-Salihah Omar, Adliah Mhd-Ali, Mohd Makmor-Bakry
Background: Globally, the population of older people is on the rise. As families are burdened with the high cost of care for aging members, demand is increasing for medical care and nursing homes. Thus, medication management is crucial to ensure that residents in a care center benefit and assist the management of the care center in reducing the burden of health care. This study is aimed to qualitatively explore issues related to medication management in residential aged care facilities (RACFs)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136025/effects-of-rtv-coating-on-the-electrical-performance-of-polymer-insulator-under-lightning-impulse-voltage-condition
#10
Farah Adilah Jamaludin, Mohd Zainal Abidin Ab-Kadir, Mahdi Izadi, Norhafiz Azis, Jasronita Jasni, Muhammad Syahmi Abd-Rahman
Located near the equator, Malaysia is a country with one of the highest lightning densities in the world. Lightning contributes to 70% of the power outages in Malaysia and affects power equipment, automated network systems, causes data losses and monetary losses in the nation. Therefore, consideration of insulator evaluation under lightning impulses can be crucial to evaluate and attempt to overcome this issue. This paper presents a new approach to increase the electrical performance of polymer insulators using a Room Temperature Vulcanisation (RTV) coating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134364/correction-to-paternal-lineage-affinity-of-the-malay-subethnic-and-orang-asli-populations-in-peninsular-malaysia
#11
SyedHassan SharifahNany RahayuKarmilla, Alwi R Aedrianee, Abd Rashid Nur Haslindawaty, Abdullah Nur Azeelah, Sundararajulu Panneerchelvam, Mohd Nor Norazmi, Zainuddin Zafarina
The original version of this article contains an error. The Author Abd Rashid Nur Haslindawaty has been added as to the above author group as third author. The original article was corrected.
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134027/salangathelphusa-peractio-a-new-species-of-lowland-freshwater-crab-from-pulau-langkawi-peninsular-malaysia-crustacea-brachyura-gecarcinucidae
#12
Peter K L Ng
A new species of lowland freshwater crab of the family Gecarcinucidae, Salangathelphusa peractio, is described from Langkawi, an island off the northwestern coast of peninsular Malaysia. Salangathelphusa peractiosp. n. can be separated from S. brevicarinata (Hilgendorf, 1882) in having a proportionately broader external orbital tooth, a distinctly concave posterolateral margin, and the terminal segment of the male first gonopod is not distinctly bent laterally outwards; and from S. anophrys (Kemp, 1923) by its more quadrate carapace and the terminal segment of the male first gonopod possessing a relatively longer and less curved distal part...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134009/occurrence-and-the-ecological-implication-of-a-tropical-anguillid-eel-anguilla-marmorata-from-peninsular-malaysia
#13
Siti Raudah Abdul Kadir, Mohamad Hafiz Farhan Abdul Rasid, Kok Onn Kwong, Li Lian Wong, Takaomi Arai
Recent studies suggested that accurate species identification in the tropical anguillid eels based on morphological examination requires confirmation by molecular genetic analysis. Previous studies found that two tropical anguillid eels, Anguilla bicolor bicolor and A. bengalensis bengalensis, were found in peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) based on morphological and molecular genetic analyses. This study is the first record of A. marmorata in peninsular Malaysia confirmed by both morphological and molecular genetic analyses...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133989/a-new-species-of-wasp-mimicking-clearwing-moth-from-peninsular-malaysia-with-dna-barcode-and-behavioural-notes-lepidoptera-sesiidae
#14
Marta Agnieszka Skowron Volponi, Paolo Volponi
A new species of clearwing moth, Pyrophleps ellawi Skowron Volponi, sp. n., is described from Peninsular Malaysia. Information on the habitat, time and conditions of occurrence, flight and mud-puddling behaviour, functional morphology, and DNA barcode are also provided. Photographs and a supplementary video from the wild demonstrate the postures and behaviour of this species of Pyrophleps, whose remaining members were described only on the basis of pinned specimens. This is the first record of this genus in Peninsular Malaysia...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133987/a-review-of-the-land-snail-genus-alycaeus-gastropoda-alycaeidae-in-peninsular-malaysia
#15
Junn Kitt Foon, Thor-Seng Liew
A total of 11 species and 1 subspecies of Alycaeus were recognised in Peninsular Malaysia prior to this study. However, these taxonomic descriptions of Alycaeus taxa were based on limited numbers of examined materials, where a whole spectrum of morphological variations were not accounted for and diagnoses were often provided without sufficient comparison between congeners from across the peninsula. We reviewed Peninsular Malaysian Alycaeus through the examination of 5137 specimens in 522 collection lots from all major museum collections and literature sources...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132739/validity-and-reliability-of-the-english-version-of-the-sick-control-one-stone-fat-food-scoff-in-malaysia
#16
Wan Mohd Zohdi Wan Wahida, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Haireen Abdul Hadi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several questionnaires to screen for eating disorders have been validated in Malaysia. However, these tools are lengthy, and require specialist interpretation. The sick, control, one stone, fat, food (SCOFF) is easy to administer by non-specialists, but has not been validated in Malaysia. Therefore, the aim of our study was to validate the SCOFF on a non-clinical sample of tertiary students to determine if it could identify individuals with an eating disorder. METHODS: We recruited second year tertiary students from five faculties in a university in Malaysia, from June-November 2014, who could understand English...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131856/examination-of-sarcocystis-spp-of-giant-snakes-from-australia-and-southeast-asia-confirms-presence-of-a-known-pathogen-sarcocystis-nesbitti
#17
Marion Wassermann, Lisa Raisch, Jessica Ann Lyons, Daniel James Deans Natusch, Sarah Richter, Mareike Wirth, Piyarat Preeprem, Yuvaluk Khoprasert, Sulaiman Ginting, Ute Mackenstedt, Thomas Jäkel
We examined Sarcocystis spp. in giant snakes from the Indo-Australian Archipelago and Australia using a combination of morphological (size of sporocyst) and molecular analyses. We amplified by PCR nuclear 18S rDNA from single sporocysts in order to detect mixed infections and unequivocally assign the retrieved sequences to the corresponding parasite stage. Sarcocystis infection was generally high across the study area, with 78 (68%) of 115 examined pythons being infected by one or more Sarcocystis spp. Among 18 randomly chosen, sporocyst-positive samples (11 from Southeast Asia, 7 from Northern Australia) the only Sarcocystis species detected in Southeast Asian snakes was S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131841/determining-the-effectiveness-of-a-video-based-contact-intervention-in-improving-attitudes-of-penang-primary-care-nurses-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#18
Yin Ping Ng, Abdul Rashid, Finian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Mental illness-related stigma is common, and is associated with poorer outcomes in people with mental illness. This study evaluated the attitudes of primary care nurses towards people with mental illness and its associated factors; and the effectiveness of a short video-based contact intervention (VBCI) in improving these attitudes using a Malay version of the 15-item Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Healthcare Providers (OMS-HC-15-M). METHODS: A 5-minute VBCI was developed comprising elements of psychoeducation and interviews of people with mental illness and the people they interact with, relating to experience of mental illness and recovery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128472/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratios-in-the-prognostication-of-primary-non-metastatic-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#19
Kong Yew Liew, Abu Bakar Zulkiflee
INTRODUCTION: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a geographically and racially variable disease which has a high incidence in Malaysia. Based on current concepts in tumour related inflammation the inflammatory marker, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio was tested to find its relationship with prognosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio on prognosis in non-metastatic primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients and to further refine the cut off between high and low neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio values...
October 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125809/burden-of-hospitalized-childhood-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-in-vietnam-malaysia-indonesia-and-the-republic-of-korea
#20
Kah Kee Tan, Duc Anh Dang, Ki Hwan Kim, Cissy Kartasasmita, Hwang Min Kim, Xu-Hao Zhang, Fakrudeen Shafi, Ta-Wen Yu, Emilio Ledesma, Nadia Meyer
BACKGROUND: Few studies describe the community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) burden in children in Asia. We estimated the proportion of all CAP hospitalizations in children from nine hospitals across the Republic of Korea (high-income), Indonesia, Malaysia (middle-income), and Vietnam (low/middle-income). METHODS: Over a one or two-year period, children <5 years hospitalized with CAP were identified using ICD-10 discharge codes. Cases were matched to standardized definitions of suspected (S-CAP), confirmed (C-CAP), or bacterial CAP (B-CAP) used in a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine efficacy study (COMPAS)...
November 10, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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