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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329566/general-and-erosive-tooth-wear-of-16-year-old-adolescents-in-kuantan-malaysia-prevalence-and-association-with-dental-caries
#1
Noorhazayti Ab Halim, Rashidah Esa, Hooi Pin Chew
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of general tooth wear (GTW), i.e. tooth wear irrespective of etiology and erosive tooth wear (ETW), i.e. tooth wear predominantly due to erosion; and also to investigate the relationship between ETW and dental caries experience in 16-year-old adolescents in Kuantan, Malaysia. METHODS: A multi-staged cluster sampling method was employed. A total of 598 16-year-old adolescents participated in this study...
January 12, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324896/correlation-of-the-anterior-ocular-segment-biometry-with-hba1c-level-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#2
Abd-Rashid Suraida, Mohtar Ibrahim, Embong Zunaina
OBJECTIVES: To compare the anterior ocular segment biometry among Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with no diabetic retinopathy (DR) and non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and to evaluate the correlation of anterior ocular segment biometry with HbA1c level. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan from November 2013 till May 2016 among Type 2 DM patients (DM with no DR and DM with NPDR). The patients were evaluated for anterior ocular segment biometry [central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber width (ACW), angle opening distance (AOD) and anterior chamber angle (ACA)] by using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324680/phylogenetic-analysis-and-characterization-of-a-sporadic-isolate-of-equine-influenza-a-h3n8-from-an-unvaccinated-horse-in-2015
#3
Chithra C Sreenivasan, Sunayana S Jandhyala, Sisi Luo, Ben M Hause, Milton Thomas, David E B Knudsen, Pamela Leslie-Steen, Travis Clement, Stephanie E Reedy, Thomas M Chambers, Jane Christopher-Hennings, Eric Nelson, Dan Wang, Radhey S Kaushik, Feng Li
Equine influenza, caused by the H3N8 subtype, is a highly contagious respiratory disease affecting equid populations worldwide and has led to serious epidemics and transboundary pandemics. This study describes the phylogenetic characterization and replication kinetics of recently-isolated H3N8 virus from a nasal swab obtained from a sporadic case of natural infection in an unvaccinated horse from Montana, USA. The nasal swab tested positive for equine influenza by Real-Time Quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)...
January 11, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321885/climate-change-affecting-oil-palm-agronomy-and-oil-palm-cultivation-increasing-climate-change-require-amelioration
#4
REVIEW
R Russell M Paterson, Nelson Lima
Palm oil is used in various valued commodities and is a large global industry worth over US$ 50 billion annually. Oil palms (OP) are grown commercially in Indonesia and Malaysia and other countries within Latin America and Africa. The large-scale land-use change has high ecological, economic, and social impacts. Tropical countries in particular are affected negatively by climate change (CC) which also has a detrimental impact on OP agronomy, whereas the cultivation of OP increases CC. Amelioration of both is required...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320962/replantation-and-revascularization-of-amputated-upper-limb-appendages-outcome-and-predicting-the-factors-influencing-the-success-rates-of-these-procedures-in-a-tertiary-hospital-an-8-year-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#5
Tunku Kamarul, Azura Mansor, Noorzurani Robson, Salim Hh Albusaidi, Abdulrazzaq M Suhaeb, Ely Z Samsudin
PURPOSE: Worldwide advances in microsurgery have made salvaging of amputated hand via replantation and revascularization common procedures. The present study examines the outcome of these procedures in a tertiary hospital in Malaysia. METHODS: Patients with hand amputation who underwent replantation or revascularization from 2005 to 2012 were identified and reviewed for patient characteristics, amputation characteristics and survival rates. Successfully treated patients were interviewed to assess the functional outcome using Quick Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick-DASH) questionnaire and Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (MHQ)...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320461/factors-associated-with-binge-eating-behavior-among-malaysian-adolescents
#6
Wan Ying Gan, Normasliana Mohamad, Leh Shii Law
Although there are numerous studies on binge eating behavior in the Western countries, studies on this behavior in Malaysia are still limited. Therefore, this cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors associated with binge eating behavior among adolescents in Malaysia. The study included 356 adolescents (42.7% males and 57.3% females), aged 13 to 16 years. They completed a self-administered questionnaire on demographic and socioeconomic backgrounds, frequency of family meals, family meal environments, family cohesion, perception of body size, self-esteem, depressive symptoms, perfectionistic self-presentation, and binge eating behavior...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317924/a-qualitative-exploration-of-hypertensive-patients-perception-towards-quality-use-of-medication-and-hypertension-management-at-the-community-level
#7
Ching S Tan, Mohamed A Hassali, Chin F Neoh, Fahad Saleem
Objective: This study aimed to explore hypertensive patients' perspectives on quality use of medication and issues related to hypertension management at the community level in Malaysia. Methods: Focus groups discussion was employed in this qualitative study. A total of 17 hypertensive patients were purposively recruited. Three focus group discussions with semi-structured interview were carried out at Flat Desa Wawasan, Penang. All the conversations were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317901/attitudes-and-barriers-towards-hiv-screening-a-qualitative-study-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-plwha-in-malaysia
#8
Syed Imran Ahmed, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Kaeshaelya Thiruchelvam, Syed Shahzad Hasan, Christopher Kc Lee
Background: Understanding patients' perspective towards HIV screening in Malaysia is pivotal to explore challenges faced by these individuals. This would be beneficial for developing local plans to improve the health-seeking behaviours among population at risk of HIV/AIDS. Methods: A qualitative research methodology was adopted to explore HIV/AIDS patients' views about disease screening. A semi-structured interview guide was used for in-depth patient interviews...
September 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317411/exposure-to-tobacco-secondhand-smoke-and-its-associated-factors-among-non-smoking-adults-in-smoking-restricted-and-non-restricted-areas-findings-from-a-nationwide-study-in-malaysia
#9
Kuang Hock Lim, Chien Huey Teh, Mohamad Haniki Nik Mohamed, Sayan Pan, Miaw Yn Ling, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff, Noraryana Hassan, Nizam Baharom, Netty Darwina Dawam, Norliana Ismail, Sumarni Mohd Ghazali, Kee Chee Cheong, Kar Hon Chong, Hui Li Lim
OBJECTIVES: Secondhand smoke (SHS) has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the aims of the paper are to assess SHS exposure among non-smoking adults in Malaysia attending various smoking-restricted and non-restricted public areas according to the Control of Tobacco Product Regulations (CTPR) as well as its relationship with various sociodemographic variables. DESIGN: Data were extracted from a cross-sectional study, the Global Adults Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2011 which involved 3269 non-smokers in Malaysia...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316293/estimating-radiotherapy-demands-in-south-east-asia-countries-in-2025-and-2035-using-evidence-based-optimal-radiotherapy-fractions
#10
Noorazrul Yahya, Nurhaziqah Roslan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As about 50% of cancer patients may require radiotherapy, the demand of radiotherapy as the main treatment to treat cancer is likely to rise due to rising cancer incidence. This study aims to quantify the radiotherapy demand in countries in Southeast Asia (SEA) in 2025 and 2035 using evidence-based optimal radiotherapy fractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SEA country-specific cancer incidence by tumor site for 2015, 2025 and 2035 was extracted from the GLOBOCAN database...
January 8, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316090/diversity-of-pollination-ecology-in-the-schismatoglottis-calyptrata-complex-clade-araceae
#11
Y C Hoe, M Gibernau, S Y Wong
Field studies integrating pollination investigations with an assessment of floral scent composition and thermogenesis in tropical aroids are rather few. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the pollination biology of nine species belonging to Schismatoglottis Calyptrata Complex Clade. The flowering mechanism, visiting insect activities, reproductive system, thermogenesis, and floral scent composition were examined. Anthesis for all species started at dawn and lasted between 25 - 29 hours. Colocasiomyia (Diptera, Drosophilidae) are considered as the main pollinators for all the investigated species...
January 5, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315609/validity-and-reliability-of-a-malay-version-of-the-lawton-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-scale-among-the-malay-speaking-elderly-in-malaysia
#12
Masne Kadar, Suhaili Ibrahim, Nor Afifi Razaob, Siaw Chui Chai, Dzalani Harun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale is a tool often used to assess independence among elderly at home. Its suitability to be used with the elderly population in Malaysia has not been validated. This current study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale - Malay Version to Malay speaking elderly in Malaysia. METHODS: This study was divided into three phases: (1) translation and linguistic validity involving both forward and backward translations; (2) establishment of face validity and content validity; and (3) establishment of reliability involving inter-rater, test-retest and internal consistency analyses...
January 9, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311490/severe-visceral-pentastomiasis-in-an-oriental-small-clawed-otter-with-functional-thyroid-carcinoma
#13
Chia-Da Hsu, Yaoprapa Mathura
In January 2016, a 20-year-old female oriental small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus) from Night Safari in Singapore was euthanized and diagnosed with a thyroid gland carcinoma. Postmortem examination and histology also revealed metastasis to the regional lymph nodes and severe visceral pentastomiasis. Grossly, the lymph nodes were infested, and encapsulation was observed on the visceral serosal surface. Histopathologically, the lymph nodes were encysted by a thick fibrous connective capsule with minimal inflammatory response...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306973/multiple-linear-regression-and-regression-with-time-series-error-models-in-forecasting-pm10-concentrations-in-peninsular-malaysia
#14
Kar Yong Ng, Norhashidah Awang
Frequent haze occurrences in Malaysia have made the management of PM10 (particulate matter with aerodynamic less than 10 μm) pollution a critical task. This requires knowledge on factors associating with PM10 variation and good forecast of PM10 concentrations. Hence, this paper demonstrates the prediction of 1-day-ahead daily average PM10 concentrations based on predictor variables including meteorological parameters and gaseous pollutants. Three different models were built. They were multiple linear regression (MLR) model with lagged predictor variables (MLR1), MLR model with lagged predictor variables and PM10 concentrations (MLR2) and regression with time series error (RTSE) model...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306397/pentaplacodinium-saltonense-gen-et-sp-nov-dinophyceae-and-its-relationship-to-the-cyst-defined-genus-operculodinium-and-yessotoxin-producing-protoceratium-reticulatum
#15
Kenneth Neil Mertens, M Consuelo Carbonell-Moore, Vera Pospelova, Martin J Head, Andrea Highfield, Declan Schroeder, Haifeng Gu, Karl B Andree, Margarita Fernandez, Aika Yamaguchi, Yoshihito Takano, Kazumi Matsuoka, Elisabeth Nézan, Gwenael Bilien, Yuri Okolodkov, Kazuhiko Koike, Mona Hoppenrath, Maya Pfaff, Grant Pitcher, Abdulrahman Al-Muftah, André Rochon, Po Teen Lim, Chui Pin Leaw, Zhen Fei Lim, Marianne Ellegaard
Strains of a dinoflagellate from the Salton Sea, previously identified as Protoceratium reticulatum and yessotoxin producing, have been reexamined morphologically and genetically and Pentaplacodinium saltonense n. gen. et sp. is erected to accommodate this species. Pentaplacodinium saltonense differs from Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparède et Lachmann 1859) Bütschli 1885 in the number of precingular plates (five vs. six), cingular displacement (two widths vs. one), and distinct cyst morphology. Incubation experiments (excystment and encystment) show that the resting cyst of Pentaplacodinium saltonense is morphologically most similar to the cyst-defined species Operculodinium israelianum (Rossignol, 1962) Wall (1967) and O...
January 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304817/catquest-9sf-questionnaire-validation-of-malay-and-chinese-language-versions-using-rasch-analysis
#16
Tassha Hilda Adnan, Mokhlisoh Mohamed Apandi, Haireen Kamaruddin, Mohamad Aziz Salowi, Kian Boon Law, Jamaiyah Haniff, Pik Pin Goh
BACKGROUND: Catquest questionnaire was originally developed in Swedish to measure patients' self-assessed visual function to evaluate the benefit of cataract surgery. The result of the Rasch analysis leading to the creation of the nine-item short form of Catquest, (Catquest-9SF), and it had been translated and validated in English. The aim is therefore to evaluate the translated Catquest-9SF questionnaire in Malay and Chinese (Mandarin) language version for measuring patient-reported visual function among cataract population in Malaysia...
January 5, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302135/the-effects-of-passive-cigarette-smoke-exposure-on-the-survival-of-the-reverse-sural-fasciocutaneous-flap
#17
Abdul Nawfar Sadagatullah, Ahmad Sukari Halim, Mohd Shakir Bathusha, Anantha Kumar Ramachandran
Background  The possibility of a person who had undergone surgery to be exposed to the ill effects of cigarette smoke is high, more so if the person lives with a smoker. With increasing popularity of reverse sural fasciocutaneous flaps, a surgeon may have to manage a person who lives with a smoker or is exposed to cigarette smoke. A clear understanding of the effects of exposure to cigarette smoke on reverse sural fasciocutaneous flaps is necessary. This study was performed to establish a clearer understanding of the effects of smoking on reverse sural fasciocutaneous flaps and evidence for preoperative patient counseling about smoking and smoke exposure...
December 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294874/elder-abuse-and-neglect-intervention-in-the-clinical-setting-perceptions-and-barriers-faced-by-primary-care-physicians-in-malaysia
#18
Fadzilah Hanum Mohd Mydin, Sajaratulnisah Othman
This qualitative study attempts to explore the definition, perceptions, practice experience, and barriers of primary care physicians (PCPs) in identifying and intervening in cases of elder abuse and neglect at the primary care level. Semistructured in-depth interview was conducted among 10 PCPs. Participants were selected by purposive sampling. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using thematic analysis. In general, PCPs showed consistency in defining elder abuse and neglect...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288829/safety-assessment-of-standardized-aqueous-brucea-javanica-extract-in-rats
#19
Farahdina Man, Chee-Yan Choo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The seeds of Brucea javanica and its aqueous decoction is a traditional medicine consumed by diabetic patients in Malaysia. The daily consumption of B. javanica seeds and it's aqueous decoction causes much concern as the quassinoids and its glycosides from the seeds exhibited various pharmacological activity at low doses. AIMS OF STUDY: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the repeated dose toxicity of the standardized aqueous extract administered daily for 30 days through oral administration at its effective hypoglycemia doses...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288252/characteristics-of-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-who-drive-in-malaysia-and-its-barriers-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Richard Chee Houw Lee, Nazirah Hasnan, Julia Patrick Engkasan
STUDY DESIGN: Cross sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, characteristics of and barriers to driving among persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: SCI Rehabilitation Clinic, University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC). METHODS: This is a questionnaire-based study on persons with SCI who attended the UMMC SCI Rehabilitation Clinic between June 2015 and November 2016. The questionnaire comprised demographic data, clinical characteristics, driving variables, Spinal Cord Independence Measure III, WHOQOL-BREF, and Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique Short Form...
December 29, 2017: Spinal Cord
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