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Igg4 immunodeficiency

Štefan Blazina, Alojz Ihan, Luca Lovrečić, Tinka Hovnik
Antibody deficiency is common finding in patients with Jacobsen syndrome (JS). In addition, there have been few reports of T-cell defects in this condition, possibly because most of the reported patients have not been specifically evaluated for T-cell function. In this article, we present a child with an 11q deletion and combined immunodeficiency and we perform a literature overview on immunodeficiency in JS. Our patient presented with recurrent bacterial and prolonged viral infections involving the respiratory system, as well as other classic features of the syndrome...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Joo Hee Kim, Sunghoon Park, Yong Il Hwang, Seung Hun Jang, Ki Suck Jung, Yun Su Sim, Cheol Hong Kim, Changhwan Kim, Dong Gyu Kim
Immunoglobulin G subclass deficiency (IgGSCD) is a relatively common primary immunodeficiency disease (PI) in adults. The biological significance of IgGSCD in patients with chronic airway diseases is controversial. We conducted a retrospective study to characterize the clinical features of IgGSCD in this population. This study examined the medical charts from 59 adult patients with IgGSCD who had bronchial asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) from January 2007 to December 2012. Subjects were classified according to the 10 warning signs developed by the Jeffrey Modell Foundation (JMF) and divided into two patient groups: group I (n = 17) met ≥ two JMF criteria, whereas group II (n = 42) met none...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Aleksandra Szczawinska-Poplonyk, Irena Wojsyk-Banaszak, Katarzyna Jonczyk-Potoczna, Anna Breborowicz
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multiorgan fibroinflammatory condition with lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates containing abundant IgG4-positive plasma cells. The immunopathogenesis of the disease and the potential role of triggering autoantigens or infectious factors have not been clearly defined. Immunoglobulin G4-related lung disease is a new and emerging condition in pediatric patients and to date, there have been only two reports regarding pulmonary manifestation of IgG4-RD in children recently published...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Sandro F Perazzio, Átila Granados, Reinaldo Salomão, Neusa P Silva, Magda Carneiro-Sampaio, Luis Eduardo C Andrade
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of immunodeficiency-like states in SLE and related clinical features. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen SLE patients and 301 controls were evaluated for C4A and C4B gene copy number, immunoglobulin isotypes, IgG subclasses, total haemolytic complement (CH50), C2, C3 and neutrophil oxidative burst. C2 and C3 genes were sequenced in cases of low C2 or C3 levels. Those presenting abnormal CH50 with normal C2 and C3 underwent C1q-C9 determination...
September 2016: Rheumatology
Haitham Odat, Mohannad Alqudah
The purpose of this study is to readdress the issue of primary humoral immunodeficiency frequency and pattern in medically resistant chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) based on the new guidelines for CRS diagnosis and management. Two hundred and fifty-seven consecutive patients with refractory CRS were included in this study. The results of their IgA, IgM, IgG, and IgG subclasses were analyzed and compared with 75 age- and gender-matched control groups. The average age of CRS patients was 34 years (SD ± 13). In the refractory CRS group, there was no significant difference between patients with or without humoral immunodeficiency based on age, gender and status of allergy, polyps and revision...
October 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Katariina Hannula-Jouppi, Satu-Leena Laasanen, Mette Ilander, Laetitia Furio, Mirja Tuomiranta, Riitta Marttila, Leila Jeskanen, Valtteri Häyry, Mervi Kanerva, Sirpa Kivirikko, Marja-Leena Tuomi, Hannele Heikkilä, Satu Mustjoki, Alain Hovnanian, Annamari Ranki
IMPORTANCE: Netherton syndrome (NS) is a rare and severe genodermatosis caused by SPINK5 mutations leading to the loss of lymphoepithelial Kazal-type-related inhibitor (LEKTI). Netherton syndrome is characterized by neonatal scaling erythroderma, a bamboolike hair defect, a substantial skin barrier defect, and a profound atopic diathesis. Netherton syndrome has been proposed to be a primary immunodeficiency syndrome because of the high frequency of infections. The precise mechanisms underlying the disease are not fully understood...
April 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Ting-Ting Liu, Shao-Wen Weng, Ming-Chung Wang, Wan-Ting Huang
Disseminated nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection with concurrent IgG4-related lymphadenopathy has not been reported. We described a patient with neutralizing autoantibodies to interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and elevated levels of serum IgG4 presenting with generalized lymphadenopathy and reactive dermatosis. Histologically, lymph nodes (LNs) showed effaced nodal architecture with polymorphic infiltrates, mimicking angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. Both the absolute number and the ratio of IgG4+ plasma cells to IgG+ plasma cells were increased...
March 2016: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Francesco Rapisarda, Luca Zanoli, Grazia Portale, Salvo Scuto, Pietro Castellino
The IgG4-related disease is a fibroinflammatory disease characterized by tumefactive lesions, a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate rich in IgG4-positive plasma cells, storiform fibrosis, and, often but not always, elevated serum levels of IgG4. Idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia is a heterogenic and rare syndrome characterized by the detection of a persistent absolute CD4 T cells count <300 cells/mm(3) (or <20% of total T cells) in more than one occasion and no evidence of HIV infection in absence of immunodeficiency or therapy associated with depressed levels of CD4 T cells...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Xiaoyu Yang, Fengqiang Wang, Ying Zhang, Larry Wang, Svetlana Antonenko, Shuli Zhang, Yi Wei Zhang, Mohammad Tabrizifard, Grigori Ermakov, Derek Wiswell, Maribel Beaumont, Liming Liu, Daisy Richardson, Mohammed Shameem, Alexandre Ambrogelly
IgG4 antibodies are evolving as an important class of cancer immunotherapies. However, human IgG4 can undergo Fab arm (half molecule) exchange with other IgG4 molecules in vivo. The hinge modification by a point mutation (S228P) prevents half molecule exchange of IgG4. However, the experimental confirmation is still expected by regulatory agencies. Here, we report for the first time the extensive analysis of half molecule exchange for a hinge-modified therapeutic IgG4 molecule, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) targeting programmed death 1 (PD1) receptor that was approved for advanced melanoma...
December 2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Takataro Fukuhara, Takashi Tomiyama, Kaneki Yasuda, Yoshihiro Ueda, Yoshio Ozaki, Yonsu Son, Shosaku Nomura, Kazushige Uchida, Kazuichi Okazaki, Tatsuo Kinashi
The serine/threonine kinase Mst1 plays important roles in the control of immune cell trafficking, proliferation, and differentiation. Previously, we reported that Mst1 was required for thymocyte selection and regulatory T-cell functions, thereby the prevention of autoimmunity in mice. In humans, MST1 null mutations cause T-cell immunodeficiency and hypergammaglobulinemia with autoantibody production. RASSF5C(RAPL) is an activator of MST1 and it is frequently methylated in some tumors. Herein, we investigated methylation of the promoter regions of MST1 and RASSF5C(RAPL) in leukocytes from patients with IgG4-related autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
August 7, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
S Vaidyanathan, C N Patel, A F Scarsbrook, F U Chowdhury
Integrated positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with the glucose analogue, 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG), is an evolving hybrid imaging technique in the evaluation of an important and diverse group of pathological conditions, which are characterised by infection and aseptic inflammation. With a rapidly expanding body of evidence, it is being increasingly recognised that, in addition to its established role in oncological imaging, FDG PET/CT also has clinical utility in suspected infection and inflammation...
July 2015: Clinical Radiology
Anna Hogendorf, Beata S Lipska-Zietkiewicz, Agnieszka Szadkowska, Maciej Borowiec, Magdalena Koczkowska, Piotr Trzonkowski, Izabela Drozdz, Krystyna Wyka, Janusz Limon, Wojciech Mlynarski
A girl with 18q deletion syndrome was diagnosed with autoimmune diabetes mellitus and Hashimoto's thyroiditis at the age of 3 yr. In addition, the girl suffered from recurrent infections due to immunoglobulin A and IgG4 deficiency. She was also found to have CD3+CD4+FoxP3+, CD3+CD4+FoxP3+CD25+, and CD3+CD4+CD25+CD127 regulatory T cells deficiency. The exceptional coincidence of the two autoimmune disorders occurring at an early age, and associated with immune deficiency, implies that genes located on deleted 19...
March 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
Luigi F Bertoli, Dennis G Pappas, J Clayborn Barton, James C Barton
BACKGROUND: Our informal observations suggested that some patients with acute sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL) have subnormal serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels. We evaluated 28 consecutive adults (18 men, 10 women) at ASNHL diagnosis using: antibodies to 68 kD protein, 30 kD protein, and type II collagen; and serum total IgG, IgG subclasses, total IgA, and IgM. Reference ranges for Ig levels were mean ± 2 SD. We compared prevalences of subnormal IgG subclasses to those in 275 healthy European adults in previous reports...
2014: BMC Immunology
James C Barton, Luigi F Bertoli, J Clayborn Barton
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and immunoglobulin (Ig) G subclass deficiency (IgGSD) are heterogeneous disorders characterized by respiratory tract infections, selective Ig isotype deficiencies, and impaired antibody responses to polysaccharide antigens. Using univariable analyses, we compared observations in 34 CVID and 398 IgGSD adult index patients (81.9% women) referred to a hematology/oncology practice. Similarities included specialties of referring physicians, mean ages, proportions of women, reactivity to Pneumovax, median serum IgG3 and IgG4 levels, median blood CD56+/CD16+ lymphocyte levels, positivity for HLA-A and -B types, and frequencies of selected HLA-A, -B haplotypes...
2014: Journal of Immunology Research
Rishi Bolia, Durga Prasanna Misra, Amita Aggarwal, Anshu Srivastava
Humoral immunodeficiency disorders present in children after 6 months of age with recurrent respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. These may be due to the absence of B cells causing panhypogammaglobulinaemia, or due to selective deficiencies in immunoglobulin subfractions. We present the case of a child with selective deficiency of IgM and IgG4 resulting in chronic diarrhoea and recurrent lower respiratory infections. With appropriate treatment of infections, the child had good symptom relief. Such an unusual combination of antibody deficiency has not been previously described in children...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Raffi Tachdjian
INTRODUCTION: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents a large heterogeneous group of antibody-deficiency syndromes associated with a wide range of clinical features and a lack of defined causes in the realm of primary immunodeficiencies. Here, we present a case of CVID in a 62-year-old white male patient with a history of longstanding complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). CASE PRESENTATION: His medical history included multiple sinus infections per year and several pneumonias requiring antibiotics...
December 2013: Pain and Therapy
Divi Cornec, Alain Saraux, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Sylvie Boisramé-Gastrin, Yves Renaudineau, Yves Gauvin, Anne-Marie Roguedas-Contios, Steeve Genestet, Myriam Chastaing, Béatrice Cochener, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a frequent autoimmune systemic disease, clinically characterized by eyes and mouth dryness in all patients, salivary gland swelling or extraglandular systemic manifestations in half of the patients, and development of lymphoma in 5 to 10 % of the patients. However, patients presenting with sicca symptoms or salivary gland swelling may have a variety of conditions that may require very different investigations, treatments, or follow-up. Eye and/or mouth dryness is a frequent complaint in clinical setting, and its frequency increases with age...
December 2015: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Venkata S Katabathina, Anil K Dasyam, Navya Dasyam, Keyanoosh Hosseinzadeh
Bile duct strictures in adults are secondary to a wide spectrum of benign and malignant pathologic conditions. Benign causes of bile duct strictures include iatrogenic causes, acute or chronic pancreatitis, choledocholithiasis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis, liver transplantation, recurrent pyogenic cholangitis, Mirizzi syndrome, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cholangiopathy, and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Malignant causes include cholangiocarcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and periampullary carcinomas...
May 2014: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Amit Rawat, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Biman Saikia, Ranjana Walker Minz, Surjit Singh
Immunoglobulin G4 subclass deficiency is the most common IgG subclass deficiency, followed by immunoglobulin G2 deficiency. However, IgG2 deficiency is the most common IgG subclass deficiency associated with recurrent infections. Immunoglobulin G4 subclass deficiency occurs in association with other isotype deficiencies. Isolated IgG4 deficiency, however, is much less common. Although respiratory tract infections are the most common manifestation in isolated IgG4 deficiency, other mucosal surfaces may also be affected in IgG4 deficiency leading to diarrhea and recurrent giardiasis...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
E Zavadova, M Vocka, J Spacek, B Konopasek, T Fucikova, L Petruzelka
In view of the fact that insufficiency in immune response often correlates with poor prognosis, research in recent years has focused on the task of describing the precise status and function of the immune system and its possible effect on cancer patients. Although more than two thirds of treated patients respond to endocrine therapy, most patients with metastatic breast cancer develop a resistance to it. Estrogen modulates angiogenesis, partially through its effects on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
2014: Neoplasma
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