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Coagulation Factor Concentrates

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656192/in-vitro-bioanalysis-of-drinking-water-from-source-to-tap
#1
Anna Kjerstine Rosenmai, Johan Lundqvist, Théo le Godec, Åsa Ohlsson, Rikard Tröger, Björn Hellman, Agneta Oskarsson
The presence of chemical pollutants in sources of drinking water is a key environmental problem threatening public health. Efficient removal of pollutants in drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) is needed as well as methods for assessment of the total impact of all present chemicals on water quality. In the present study we have analyzed the bioactivity of water samples from source to tap, including effects of various water treatments in a DWTP, using a battery of cell-based bioassays, covering health-relevant endpoints...
April 6, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651510/-vomiting-and-collapse-of-a-28-year-old-male-long-distance-runner-in-middle-european-summer
#2
J Herold, A Mitrasch, E Lorenz, U Lodes, I Tanev, R Braun-Dullaeus, F Meyer
BACKGROUND: Hyperthermia often ends fatally and must therefore be promptly recognized and adequately treated. CASE: A 28-year-old man participated in a long-distance race (3 km) on a hot summer day (28 °C). The runner collapsed, had to vomit but continued the run and reached the finish. Neurologically, the patient presented with intermittent cerebral seizures. External cooling batteries were immediately applied and cold infusions were started. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit of the university hospital (body temperature 40...
April 12, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645406/modified-clot-waveform-analysis-to-measure-plasma-coagulation-potential-in-the-presence-of-the-anti-factor-ixa-factor-x-bispecific-antibody-emicizumab
#3
Keiji Nogami, Tomoko Matsumoto, Yuka Tabuchi, Tetsuhiro Soeda, Nobuo Arai, Takehisa Kitazawa, Midori Shima
BACKGROUND: Emicizumab is an anti-factor (F)IXa/FX bispecific antibody that mimics FVIIIa cofactor function. Emicizumab does not require activation by thrombin and its effect on shortening activated partial prothrombin time (aPTT) is much greater relative to FVIII. The aPTT has limited utility, therefore, in hemophilia A patients (HA-pts) treated with emicizumab. AIM: To evaluate the global coagulation potential of emicizumab. METHODS: Clot waveform analysis (CWA) with prothrombin time (PT)/aPTT-mixed reagents was used to define hemostatic monitoring protocols in HA-pts...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624078/the-effect-of-3-2-and-3-8-sodium-citrate-on-specialized-coagulation-tests
#4
Franz Ratzinger, Mona Lang, Sabine Belik, Klaus G Schmetterer, Helmuth Haslacher, Thomas Perkmann, Peter Quehenberger
CONTEXT: - Coagulation testing is challenging and depends on preanalytic factors, including the citrate buffer concentration used. OBJECTIVE: - To better estimate preanalytic effects of the citrate buffer concentration in use, the difference between results obtained by samples with 3.2% and 3.8% citrate was evaluated. DESIGN: - In a prospective observational study with 76 volunteers, differences related to the citrate concentration were evaluated...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618151/procoagulant-state-in-current-and-former-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-abusers
#5
Simon Chang, Jon J Rasmussen, Mikkel N Frandsen, Morten Schou, Marie L Johansen, Jens Faber, Anna-Marie B Münster, Johannes J Sidelmann, Caroline Kistorp
BACKGROUND:  Anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) abusers are considered at increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. We hypothesized that current and former AAS abuse would induce a procoagulant shift in the haemostatic balance. METHODS:  Men 18 to 50 years of age were included as current AAS abusers, former AAS abusers or controls. Morning blood samples were collected after overnight fasting. Thrombin generation (lag time, time to peak, peak height, and endogenous thrombin potential [ETP]) and coagulation factor II (prothrombin), VII and X, antithrombin, protein C, free protein S and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) were assessed...
April 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614639/microparticles-in-sickle-cell-disease
#6
Marc Romana, Philippe Connes, Nigel S Key
Several pathophysiological pathways in sickle cell disease (SCD), the most prevalent hemoglobinopathy worldwide, result in activation of circulating blood cells and the release of submicron vesicles, so-called microparticles (MPs). MPs are candidate biomarkers in vascular disease that exhibit functional biological properties. Compared to healthy individuals, higher level of plasma MPs, mostly derived from platelets and red blood cells (RBC), has been repeatedly observed in SCD patients in their steady-state condition...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614518/hypobaric-hypoxia-causes-elevated-thrombin-generation-mediated-by-fviii-that-is-balanced-by-decreased-platelet-activation
#7
Cécile H Kicken, Marisa Ninivaggi, Joke Konings, Martijn Moorlag, Dana Huskens, Jasper A Remijn, Saartje Bloemen, Marcus D Lancé, Bas De Laat
INTRODUCTION:  Epidemiological studies suggest that hypobaric hypoxia at high altitude poses a risk for developing venous thromboembolism. The cause of this observed hypercoagulability remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of hypobaric hypoxia at 3,883 m above sea level on thrombin generation and platelet activation. METHODS:  After complying with medical ethical procedures, 18 participants were recruited, of whom 1 had to leave the study prematurely due to mild acute mountain sickness...
April 3, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611182/factor-f-viii-viia-enhances-global-haemostatic-function-in-the-co-presence-of-bypassing-agents-and-fviii-among-patients-with-haemophilia-a-with-inhibitor
#8
Keiji Nogami, Tomoko Matsumoto, Koji Yada, Kenichi Ogiwara, Shoko Furukawa, Yasuaki Shida, Masahiro Takeyama, Midori Shima
Bypassing therapy is essential for the haemostatic management of patients with haemophilia A with inhibitor (PWHA-inh), but the therapeutic effects are inconsistent. We previously reported that activated prothrombin complex concentrates (aPCC) activated factor (F)VIIIin vitro, and was mediated mainly by the activated FVII (FVIIa) contained in aPCC. We have extended those studies to assess global coagulation in whole blood from 18 PWHA-inh in the co-presence of aPCC and FVIII using Ca2+ -triggered rotational thromboelastometry...
April 2, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604561/effect-of-phospholipid-coating-on-the-migration-of-plasticizers-from-pvc-tubes
#9
Frank Münch, Christine Höllerer, André Klapproth, Elisabeth Eckert, André Rüffer, Robert Cesnjevar, Thomas Göen
Plasticizers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are not covalently bound to the polymer and can thus migrate into the contact medium. The presented study investigated the potential effects of phospholipid-lining as anti-coagulation coating (ACC) on the migration rate of plasticizers from PVC tubing into blood. For the in-vitro study, five different groups of tubing sets in six replicates were perfused with sheep blood (Group A: PVC plasticized with di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) without ACC, Group B: DEHP-plasticized PVC with ACC, Group C: PVC plasticized with tri-(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate (TOTM) without ACC, Group D: TOTM-plasticized PVC with ACC, Group E (control group): polyolefin material with ACC but without plasticizers)...
March 20, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590221/andexanet-alfa-effectively-reverses-edoxaban-anticoagulation-effects-and-associated-bleeding-in-a-rabbit-acute-hemorrhage-model
#10
Genmin Lu, Polly Pine, Janet M Leeds, Francis DeGuzman, Pratikhya Pratikhya, Joyce Lin, John Malinowski, Stanley J Hollenbach, John T Curnutte, Pamela B Conley
INTRODUCTION: Increasing use of factor Xa (FXa) inhibitors necessitates effective reversal agents to manage bleeding. Andexanet alfa, a novel modified recombinant human FXa, rapidly reverses the anticoagulation effects of direct and indirect FXa inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of andexanet to reverse anticoagulation in vitro and reduce bleeding in rabbits administered edoxaban. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro studies characterized the interaction of andexanet with edoxaban and its ability to reverse edoxaban-mediated anti-FXa activity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578433/-the-role-of-some-vazoactive-peptides-in-the-pathogenesis-of-early-formes-of-rosacea-and-the-hemostasis-system
#11
Ts Tsiskarishvili, A Katsitadze, N V Tsiskarishvili, N I Tsiskarishvili
Recently, the role of vasoactive peptides has been increasingly discussed in the pathogenesis of rosacea. The most attention is paid to the growth factor of the vascular endothelium (VEGF). VEGF affects angiogenesis and survival of immature blood vessels. Cytokine contributes to an increase in the level of IL-8, which plays a role in the development of inflammation. VEGF is synthesized by activated keratinocytes as a result of various factors. In particular, after exposure to ultraviolet irradiation, the production of cytokines-IL-1 and TNF-α-is provoced, which stimulate keratinocytes to synthesize of VEGF...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576814/preliminary-data-from-the-study-of-coagulative-profile-of-hiv-infected-individuals-suggest-a-role-for-point-mutations-in-the-gene-in-protein-s-deficiency-in-individuals-undergoing-highly-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Giovanna D'Andrea, Fabio Zoboli, Giuseppina Faleo, Massimo Fasano, Domenico Martinelli, Maurizio Margaglione, Teresa A Santantonio, Josè R Fiore
Background: HIV infection is a known prothrombotic condition but factors involved are still controversial. A role for antiretrovirals, especially protease inhibitors, was advocated. Objectives: The study aimed to analyze the levels of anticoagulant proteins in virally suppressed HIV-infected subjects treated with different anti-retroviral regimens. Materials and Methods: Forty-four patients were included in the study. C and PS, D-Dimers and Fibrinogen levels were determined as well as APC-resistance...
2018: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563336/enzymatically-oxidized-phospholipids-restore-thrombin-generation-in-coagulation-factor-deficiencies
#13
David A Slatter, Charles L Percy, Keith Allen-Redpath, Joshua M Gajsiewicz, Nick J Brooks, Aled Clayton, Victoria J Tyrrell, Marcela Rosas, Sarah N Lauder, Andrew Watson, Maria Dul, Yoel Garcia-Diaz, Maceler Aldrovandi, Meike Heurich, Judith Hall, James H Morrissey, Sebastien Lacroix-Desmazes, Sandrine Delignat, P Vincent Jenkins, Peter W Collins, Valerie B O'Donnell
Hemostatic defects are treated using coagulation factors; however, clot formation also requires a procoagulant phospholipid (PL) surface. Here, we show that innate immune cell-derived enzymatically oxidized phospholipids (eoxPL) termed hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid-phospholipids (HETE-PLs) restore hemostasis in human and murine conditions of pathological bleeding. HETE-PLs abolished blood loss in murine hemophilia A and enhanced coagulation in factor VIII- (FVIII-), FIX-, and FX-deficient human plasma . HETE-PLs were decreased in platelets from patients after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...
March 22, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558660/the-effect-of-dabigatran-on-thrombin-generation-and-coagulation-assays-in-rabbit-and-human-plasma
#14
Chi Zhang, Peizhe Zhang, Hongxia Li, Lianhua Han, Lei Zhang, Lei Zhang, Xiangjun Yang
OBJECTIVES: Dabigatran etexilate is widely used for stroke prevention in the patients with atrial fibrillation. The anticoagulation activity of dabigatran is not necessary monitored in routine clinical practice. We aimed to study the effect of dabigatran on thrombin generation (TG) and coagulation assays in rabbit and human plasma. METHODS: Rabbits received different concentrations of dabigatran etexilate (5 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg). Patients with atrial fibrillation took 110 mg dabigatran etexilate twice daily...
March 15, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554044/systemic-hyperfibrinolysis-after-trauma-a-pilot-study-of-targeted-proteomic-analysis-of-superposed-mechanisms-in-patient-plasma
#15
Anirban Banerjee, Christopher C Silliman, Ernest E Moore, Monika Dzieciatskowa, Marguerite Kelher, Angela Sauaia, Kenneth Jones, Michael P Chapman, Eduardo Gonzalez, Hunter B Moore, Angelo D'Alessandro, Erik Peltz, Benjamin E Huebner, Peter Einerson, James Chandler, Arsen Ghasabayan, Kirk Hansen
BACKGROUND: Viscoelastic measurements of hemostasis indicate that 20% of seriously injured patients exhibit systemic hyperfibrinolysis, with increased early mortality. These patients have normal clot formation with rapid clot lysis. Targeted proteomics was applied to quantify plasma proteins from hyperfibrinolytic (HF) patients to elucidate potential pathophysiology. METHODS: Blood samples were collected in the field or at Emergency Department arrival and thrombelastography (TEG) was used to characterize in vitro clot formation under native and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-stimulated conditions...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548651/recombinant-human-soluble-thrombomodulin-for-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-historically-controlled-study
#16
Susumu Sakamoto, Hiroshige Shimizu, Takuma Isshiki, Keishi Sugino, Atsuko Kurosaki, Sakae Homma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) is an often-fatal condition associated with endothelial damage and abnormalities of the coagulation system. Recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rhTM) has anti-inflammatory effects and regulates the coagulation pathway. This study evaluated the effectiveness of rhTM for the treatment of AE-IPF. METHODS: This historically controlled study included 80 patients with AE-IPF admitted to our center during the period from 2006 through 2016...
March 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548389/characteristics-of-molecular-weight-distribution-of-dissolved-organic-matter-in-bromide-containing-water-and-disinfection-by-product-formation-properties-during-treatment-processes
#17
Ying Zhang, Ning Zhang, Peng Zhao, Zhiguang Niu
The characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and bromide ion concentration have a significant influence on the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs). In order to identify the main DBP precursors, DOM was divided into five fractions based on molecular weight (MW), trihalomethane formation potential and haloacetic acid formation potential were determined for fractions, and the change in contents of different fractions and total DBPs during treatment processes (pre-chlorination, coagulation, sand filtration, disinfection) were studied...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531589/total-antioxidant-capacity-haematological-and-coagulation-parameters-after-orthodox-christian-fast
#18
Kali G Makedou, Eleni Vagdatli, Evangelia Patziarela, Vasiliki Konstantinidou, Eirini Poimenidou, Evgenia Lymperaki
BACKGROUND: Orthodox Christian believers fast abstaining from meat, eggs, dairy products or even fish and oil in certain days of the fasting period, three times a year. AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 48-day fast before Easter in blood count parameters, coagulation and antioxidant status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 35 healthy volunteers, 19-66 years old, were included in the study. White blood cells (WBC), lymphocytes (Lymph), granulocytes (Gran), haemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Ht), red blood cells (RBC), mean erythrocyte volume (MCV), platelets (Plt), were measured...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517971/non-factor-replacement-therapy-for-haemophilia-a-current-update
#19
REVIEW
Massimo Franchini, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci
One of the most challenging issues facing us in the treatment of haemophilia is the development of alloantibodies against infused factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FIX). Inhibitors render factor replacement therapy ineffective, exposing patients to an unacceptably high risk of morbidity and mortality. Besides the well-known bypassing agents (i.e. activated prothrombin complex concentrate and recombinant activated factor VII) used to treat or prevent bleeding in haemophilia patients with inhibitors, there is growing interest in a new class of therapeutic agents which act by enhancing coagulation (i...
February 14, 2018: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510717/restrictive-versus-massive-fluid-resuscitation-strategy-refill-study-influence-on-blood-loss-and-hemostatic-parameters-in-obstetric-hemorrhage-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Natascha de Lange, Pim Schol, Marcus Lancé, Mallory Woiski, Josje Langenveld, Robbert Rijnders, Luc Smits, Martine Wassen, Yvonne Henskens, Hubertina Scheepers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is associated with maternal morbidity and mortality and has an increasing incidence in high-resource countries, despite dissemination of guidelines, introduction of skills training, and correction for risk factors. Current guidelines advise the administration, as fluid resuscitation, of almost twice the amount of blood lost. This advice is not evidence-based and could potentially harm patients. METHODS: All women attending the outpatient clinic who are eligible will be informed of the study; oral and written informed consent will be obtained...
March 6, 2018: Trials
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