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Pei Li, Jiagang Xu, Xiangkun Wu, Zhiliang Guo, Lijing Fan, Ruipeng Song, Jianli Wang, Li Wei, Haijun Teng
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is closely correlated with disc degeneration. Nucleus pulposus (NP) cell apoptosis and senescence are typical cellular features within the degenerative disc. Resveratrol is a newly identified phytoalexin that has protective effects on cartilaginous tissue. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the whether resveratrol can protect against high-glucose-induced NP cell apoptosis and senescence, and the potential mechanism in this process. Methods: Rat NP cells were cultured in either 10% FBS culture medium (control goup) or 10% FBS with a high glucose concentration (0...
December 22, 2017: Bioscience Reports
Yu-Kai Guo, Min Shi, Yong-Liang Qin, Yong-Jun Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of apoptosis for resvertrol-mediated reversing the drug-resistance of AML HL-60/ADR cells. METHODS: The HL-60/ADR cells were divided into 4 groups: control group, adriamycin (ADR)-treated group, resveratrol(Res)-treated group and ADR+Res-treated group. The inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 method. The auto-fluorescence intensity of intracellular ADR and the apoptotic rate of HL-60/ADR cells were detected by flow cytometry...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Yousef Sawikr, Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Ilaria Peluso, Mohammad Amjad Kamal, Gjumrakch Aliev, Anupam Bishayee
Brain inflammation, characterized by increased microglia and astrocyte activation, increases during aging and is a key feature of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). In AD, neuronal death and synaptic impairment, induced by amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide, are at least in part mediated by microglia and astrocyte activation. Glial activation results in the sustained production of proinflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species, giving rise to a chronic inflammatory process. Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system and are involved in the neuroinflammation...
2017: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
Yu-ting Wang, Hai-yan Zhou, Xiao-cui Lü
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Resveratrol on Hydrogen peroxide-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). METHODS: Oxidative stress in HUVEC was induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The cells were divided in to 5 groups: A. Control group; B. H2O2 group; C. Res + H2O2 group; D. Res + H2O2 + LY294002 group; E. H2O2 + LY294002 group. The cell viability were measured by cck-8 assay; Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined by using commercially available kits; Reactive oxygen species (ROS)were detect by flow cytometer; the expression of Nuclear factor-E2-related factor(Nrf2), Protein kinase B(Akt), Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) were determined by Western blot...
April 16, 2013: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Min Ho Jeong, Kwang Mo Yang, Yoo Jin Choi, Sung Dae Kim, Young Hyun Yoo, Su Yeong Seo, Sang Hwa Lee, Seong Ryul Ryu, Chang Min Lee, Hong suk Suh, Wol Soon Jo
Natural agents with the immunomodulating property have been gaining traction to be employed in the complementary therapy of cancer because the ineffectiveness of numerous therapeutic strategies may be related in part to the tumor-induced immunosuppressive phenotypes, especially regulatory T (Treg) cells found in the tumor microenvironment. The present study was undertaken to examine whether HS-1793, synthetic resvertrol analog free from the restriction of metabolic instability and high dose requirement of resveratrol, induces an in vivo anti-tumor effect in FM3A tumor bearing mice through the suppression of Treg cells, which contribute to an increase in tumor specific cytotoxic T cell responses...
November 2012: International Immunopharmacology
Huan-chen Sha, Qing-yong Ma, Rajiv Kumar Jha, Zhen-hua Ma, Mei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To test the effect of resvertrol on protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier in rats with severe acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Twenty four SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: severe acute pancreatitis without treatments (SAP group), severe acute pancreatitis with sham-operations (SO group), and severe acute pancreatitis treated with resveratrol (RES group). Specimen were obtained 6 hours after the severe acute pancreatitis was induced. The endotoxin level in the blood taken from portal vein was measured with turbidimetry...
September 2008: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Huan-chen Sha, Qing-yong Ma, Rajiv Kumar Jha, Zhen-hua Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of resvertrol on the intestinal mucosal cells in rats with severe acute pancreatitis and explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into the sham-operation (SO) group, severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) group and resveratrol-treated (RES) group. In the SO group, the pancreases were slightly flipped only. In the SAP and RES groups, SAP model was established by retrograde injection of 40 g/L sodium chrolate (1 ml/kg) through the pancreatic duct, and in the latter group, resveratrol (10 mg/kg) was given intravenously...
August 2008: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Chu-Hyun Lee, Sang-In Kim, Kyung-Bok Lee, Yung-Choon Yoo, Si-Young Ryu, Kyung-Sik Song
In the course of screening neuraminidase inhibitors from herbal medicines, Reynoutria elliptica exhibited high inhibitory activity. Four active compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble fraction by consecutive purification using sillica gel, Sephadex LH-20 chromatography, and recrystallization. The chemical structures of these compounds were identified as 1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone (emodin) 1,8-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-6-methylanthraquinone (emodin 3-methyl ether; physcion), 1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-hydoxymethylanthraquinone (omega-hydroxyemodin), and 3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene (trans-resvertrol) by spectral data including MS, 1H-, and 13C-NMR...
May 2003: Archives of Pharmacal Research
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